keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

bing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149673/the-feasibility-of-nanofiltration-membrane-bioreactor-nf-mbr-reverse-osmosis-ro-process-for-water-reclamation-comparison-with-ultrafiltration-membrane-bioreactor-uf-mbr-ro-process
#1
Ming Feng Tay, Chang Liu, Emile R Cornelissen, Bing Wu, Tzyy Haur Chong
This study examines the feasibility of a novel nanofiltration membrane bioreactor (NF-MBR) followed by reverse osmosis (RO) process for water reclamation at 90% recovery and using an ultrafiltration MBR (UF-MBR)+RO as baseline for comparison. Both MBRs adopted the same external hollow fiber membrane configurations and operating conditions. The collected permeates of the MBRs were subsequently fed to the respective RO systems. The results showed that the NF-MBR (operated at a constant flux of 10 L/m(2)h) achieved superior MBR permeate quality due to enhanced biodegradation and high rejection capacity of the NF membrane, leading to lower RO fouling rates (∼3...
November 7, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149654/classifying-binge-eating-disordered-adolescents-based-on-severity-levels
#2
Antonios Dakanalis, Maria Assunta Zanetti, Fabrizia Colmegna, Giuseppe Riva, Massimo Clerici
The new severity criterion for binge-eating disorder (BED), introduced by the most recent (fifth) edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) as a means of addressing within-group variability in severity, was tested in 223 Italian (13-18-year-old) adolescents (86.1% females) with (DSM-5) BED presenting for treatment. Analyses revealed that participants classified with mild (35.9% of the sample), moderate (38.1%) severe (13.4%), and extreme (12.6%) severity of BED, based on their clinician-rated weekly frequency of binge-eating (BE) episodes, were statistically distinguishable in physical characteristics (body mass index) and a range of clinical variables regarding eating-related psychopathology and putative maintenance factors, health-related quality of life, and mood and anxiety disorder comorbidity (medium-to-large effect sizes)...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149607/classifying-drosophila-olfactory-projection-neuron-subtypes-by-single-cell-rna-sequencing
#3
Hongjie Li, Felix Horns, Bing Wu, Qijing Xie, Jiefu Li, Tongchao Li, David J Luginbuhl, Stephen R Quake, Liqun Luo
The definition of neuronal type and how it relates to the transcriptome are open questions. Drosophila olfactory projection neurons (PNs) are among the best-characterized neuronal types: different PN classes target dendrites to distinct olfactory glomeruli, while PNs of the same class exhibit indistinguishable anatomical and physiological properties. Using single-cell RNA sequencing, we comprehensively characterized the transcriptomes of most PN classes and unequivocally mapped transcriptomes to specific olfactory function for six classes...
November 16, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149552/predicting-nano-bio-interactions-by-integrating-nanoparticle-libraries-and-quantitative-nanostructure-activity-relationship-modeling
#4
Wenyi Wang, Alexander Sedykh, Hainan Sun, Linlin Zhao, Daniel P Russo, Hongyu Zhou, Bing Yan, Hao Zhu
The discovery of biocompatible or bioactive nanoparticles for medicinal applications is an expensive and time-consuming process that may be significantly facilitated by incorporating more rational approaches combining both experimental and computational methods. However, it is currently hindered by two limitations: 1) the lack of high quality comprehensive data for computational modeling, and 2) the lack of an effective modeling method for the complex nanomaterial structures. In this study, we tackled both issues by first synthesizing a large library of nanoparticles and obtained comprehensive data on their characterizations and bioactivities...
November 17, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149172/spectroscopic-characterization-of-dom-and-the-nitrogen-removal-mechanism-during-wastewater-reclamation-plant
#5
Lei Wang, Ying-Jun Li, Ying Xiong, Wen-Bing Tan, Lie-Yu Zhang, Xiang Li, Xiao-Shu Wang, Jian-Feng Xu, Tong-Tong Li, Jin-Sheng Wang, Ming-Xuan Cai, Bei-Dou Xi, Di-Hua Wang
The performance of the Sha-he wastewater reclamation plant was evaluated in this study. To remove residual nitrogen after Anaerobic-Anoxic-Oxic (A2O) treatment, three multistage Anoxic-Oxic (A/O) were added to investigate the nitrogen removal efficiency and its mechanism. In addition, the constituents and evolution of dissolved organic matter (DOM) during wastewater reclamation was also investigated using a method combining fluorescence spectroscopy with fluorescence regional integration (FRI). The results suggested that multistage A/O treatment can effectively improve the nitrogen removal ability under low concentrations of carbon sources...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149076/the-association-between-food-addiction-and-early-maladaptive-schemas-in-overweight-and-obese-women-a-preliminary-investigation
#6
Claudio Imperatori, Marco Innamorati, David Lester, Massimo Continisio, Michela Balsamo, Aristide Saggino, Mariantonietta Fabbricatore
In recent years, there has been a growing focus on early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) as core features associated with eating psychopathology. The aims of the present study were to assess in overweight and obese women: (i) the association between dysfunctional eating patterns (i.e., food addiction and binge eating) and EMSs, and (ii) the association between food addiction and EMSs after controlling for potential confounding variables (i.e., binge eating severity and psychopathology). Participants were 70 overweight and obese women seeking low-energy-diet therapy...
November 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149068/a-new-uplc-ms-ms-method-for-the-characterization-and-discrimination-of-polysaccharides-from-genus-ephedra-based-on-enzymatic-digestions
#7
Yong-Gang Xia, Tian-Long Wang, Li-Ming Sun, Jun Liang, Bing-You Yang, Hai-Xue Kuang
Ephedra sinica polysaccharides have been reported to possess important activities, so quality evaluation of polysaccharides from the genus Ephedra is urgent. In this study, enzymatic digestions were performed to establish multiple saccharide fingerprints by ultra-performance liquid chromatography with electrospray ionization triple quadrupole linear ion trap mass spectrometry (UPLC-ESI-TQ-MS/MS) based on a multiple-reaction monitoring in negative mode. Under optimum UPLC-ESI⁻-TQ-MS/MS conditions, excellent separation and quantification of 21 constituents were achieved within 20 min on a solid core column with a 1...
November 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149037/development-of-novel-polymorphic-est-ssr-markers-in-bailinggu-pleurotus-tuoliensis-for-crossbreeding
#8
Yueting Dai, Wenying Su, Chentao Yang, Bing Song, Yu Li, Yongping Fu
Identification of monokaryons and their mating types and discrimination of hybrid offspring are key steps for the crossbreeding of Pleurotus tuoliensis (Bailinggu). However, conventional crossbreeding methods are troublesome and time consuming. Using RNA-seq technology, we developed new expressed sequence tag-simple sequence repeat (EST-SSR) markers for Bailinggu to easily and rapidly identify monokaryons and their mating types, genetic diversity and hybrid offspring. We identified 1110 potential EST-based SSR loci from a newly-sequenced Bailinggu transcriptome and then randomly selected 100 EST-SSRs for further validation...
November 17, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148797/nigegladines-a-c-three-thymoquinone-dimers-from-nigella-glandulifera
#9
Jie Tian, Chao Han, Wen-Hua Guo, Yong Yin, Xiao-Bing Wang, Hong-Bin Sun, He-Quan Yao, Yong Yang, Chen Wang, Chang Liu, Ming-Hua Yang, Ling-Yi Kong
Nigegladines A-C (1-3), three thymoquinone dimers, were isolated from the seeds of Nigella glandulifera. Racemic 1 possesses a unique tricyclo[5.4.0.1(2,6)]dodecane carbon skeleton, and compounds 2 and 3 are two unusual diterpenoid alkaloids with indole cores. Their structures were determined by extensive spectroscopic analyses, and that of 1 was confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Both (+)-1 and (-)-1 exhibited significant protective effects against hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced H9c2 myocardial cell injury...
November 17, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148743/rh-iii-catalyzed-redox-neutral-unsymmetrical-c-h-alkylation-and-amidation-reactions-of-n-phenoxyacetamides
#10
Yunxiang Wu, Zhaoqiang Chen, Yaxi Yang, Weiliang Zhu, Bing Zhou
A Rh(III)-catalyzed unsymmetrical C-H alkylation and amidation of N-phenoxyacetamides with diazo compounds has been developed under mild and redox-neutral conditions, producing dinitrogen as the only by-product. The reaction represents the first example of one-step, unsymmetrical difunctionalization of two orthoC-H bonds. Experimental and computational studies support that N-phenoxyacetamides most likely undergo an initial ortho C-H alkylation with diazo compounds via a Rh(III)-catalyzed C-H activation, and the resulting Rh(III) intermediate subse-quently undergo an intramolecular oxidative addition into the O-N bond to form a Rh(V) nitrenoid species that is pro-tonated and further directed toward electrophilic addition to the second ortho position of the phenyl ring...
November 17, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148697/synthesis-of-hierarchical-sisal-like-v2o5-with-exposed-stable-001-facets-as-long-life-cathode-materials-for-advanced-lithium-ion-batteries
#11
Naiteng Wu, Wuzhou Du, Guilong Liu, Zhan Zhou, Hong-Ru Fu, Qianqian Tang, Xianming Liu, Yan-Bing He
Vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) is considered a promising cathode material for advanced lithium-ion batteries due to its high specific capacity and low cost. However, the application of V2O5-based electrodes has been hindered by their inferior conductivity, cycling stability and power performance. Herein, hierarchical sisal-like V2O5 microstructures consisting of primary one-dimension (1D) nanobelt with [001] facets orientation growth and rich oxygen vacancies are synthesized through a facile hydrothermal process using polyoxyethylene-20-cetyl-ether as surface control agent, and followed by calcination...
November 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148361/characterization-of-biofilm-formation-by-enterococcus-faecalis-isolates-derived-from-urinary-tract-infections-in-china
#12
Jin-Xin Zheng, Bing Bai, Zhi-Wei Lin, Zhang-Ya Pu, Wei-Ming Yao, Zhong Chen, Duo-Yun Li, Xiang-Bin Deng, Qi-Wen Deng, Zhi-Jian Yu
PURPOSE: This study explored the prevalence and characteristics of Enterococcus faecalis biofilm formation by urinary tract infection (UTI) isolates in order to identify virulence factors associated with biofilm formation. METHODOLOGY: A total of 113 E. faecalis isolates were collected from UTI patients in Shenzhen, China. The isolates were subjected to multilocus sequence typing based on housekeeping genes. Biofilms were detected by crystal violet staining and the expression levels of the E...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148321/impact-of-the-affordable-care-act-s-dependent-coverage-expansion-on-the-health-care-and-health-status-of-young-adults-what-do-we-know-so-far
#13
Joshua Breslau, Bradley D Stein, Bing Han, Shoshanna Shelton, Hao Yu
The dependent coverage expansion (DCE), a component of the Affordable Care Act, required private health insurance policies that cover dependents to offer coverage for policyholders' children through age 25. This review summarizes peer-reviewed research on the impact of the DCE on the chain of consequences through which it could affect public health. Specifically, we examine the impact of the DCE on insurance coverage, access to care, utilization of care, and health status. All studies find that the DCE increased insurance coverage, but evidence regarding downstream impacts is inconsistent...
December 1, 2016: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148086/novel-gene-fusion-of-prcc-mitf-defines-a-new-member-of-mit-family-translocation-renal-cell-carcinoma-clinicopathologic-analysis-and-detection-of-the-gene-fusion-by-rna-sequencing-and-fish
#14
Qiu-Yuan Xia, Xiao-Tong Wang, Sheng-Bing Ye, Xuan Wang, Rui Li, Shan-Shan Shi, Ru Fang, Ru-Song Zhang, Heng-Hui Ma, Zhen-Feng Lu, Qin Shen, Wei Bao, Xiao-Jun Zhou, Qiu Rao
AIMS: MITF, TFE3, TFEB and TFEC belong to the same microphthalmia-associated transcription factor family (MiT). Two transcription factors in this family have been identified in two unusual types of renal cell carcinoma (RCC): Xp11 translocation RCC harboring TFE3 gene fusions and t(6;11) RCC harboring a MALAT1-TFEB gene fusion. The 2016 World Health Organization classification of renal neoplasia grouped these two neoplasms together under the category of MiT family translocation RCC. RCCs associated with the other two MiT family members, MITF and TFEC, have rarely been reported...
November 17, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147550/self-assembly-of-nucleopeptides-to-interact-with-dnas
#15
Xuewen Du, Jie Zhou, Xinming Li, Bing Xu
As a novel class of biomaterials, nucleopeptides, via the conjugation of nucleobases and peptides, usually self-assemble to form nanofibres driven mainly by hydrogen bonds. Containing nucleobase(s), nucleopeptides have a unique property-interacting with nucleic acids. Here we report the design and characterization of nucleopeptides that self-assemble in water and are able to interact with single-stranded DNAs (ssDNAs). Containing nucleobases on their side chains, these nucleopeptides bind with the ssDNAs, and the ssDNAs reciprocally affect the self-assembly of nucleopeptides...
December 6, 2017: Interface Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147436/repeated-multiple-neurofibromatosis-type-1-in-the-right-lower-limb-a-case-report
#16
Leitao Huang, Yi Ding, Lai Qi, Xia Wu, Wei Li, Gendong Huang, Min Dai, Bing Zhang
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomal-dominant genetic disease characterized by the presence of multiple neurofibromas. We encountered a unique case of NF1 that manifested as a recurrent soft tissue neurofibroma in the right lower limb that developed over a period of 16 years. The patient presented with a painless mass that was initially diagnosed as inflammatory changes via computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. However, the condition was subsequently diagnosed as an intraneural neurofibroma via pathological and immunohistochemical examination, which showed a focal to patchy lymphocytic chronic inflammatory infiltrate and several non-encapsulated masses with clear boundaries that were easily distinguishable from the adjacent neurofibroma...
April 2017: World Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147136/step-by-step-strategy-in-the-management-of-residual-hepatolithiasis-using-post-operative-cholangioscopy
#17
REVIEW
Xu-Dong Wen, Tao Wang, Zhu Huang, Hong-Jian Zhang, Bing-Yin Zhang, Li-Jun Tang, Wei-Hui Liu
Hepatolithiasis is the presence of calculi within the intrahepatic bile duct specifically located proximal to the confluence of the left and right hepatic ducts. The ultimate goal of hepatolithiasis treatment is the complete removal of the stone, the correction of the associated strictures and the prevention of recurrent cholangitis. Although hepatectomy could effectively achieve the above goals, it can be restricted by the risk of insufficient residual liver volume, and has a 15.6% rate of residual hepatolithiasis...
November 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146474/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-deep-brain-stimulation-in-treatment-resistant-depression
#18
Chanjuan Zhou, Hanping Zhang, Yinhua Qin, Tian Tian, Bing Xu, Jianjun Chen, Xinyu Zhou, Li Zeng, Liang Fang, Xunzhong Qi, Bin Lian, Haiyang Wang, Zicheng Hu, Peng Xie
BACKGROUND: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been applied in treatment-resistant depression (TRD) as a putative intervention targeting different brain regions. However, the antidepressant effects of DBS for TRD in recent clinical trials remain controversial. METHODS: We searched Scopus, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, PubMed, and PsycINFO for all published studies investigating the efficacy of DBS in TRD up to Feb 2017. Hamilton depression rating scale (HDRS) scores and Montgomery-Asberg depression rating scale (MARDS) scores were compared between baseline levels and those after DBS using the standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
November 13, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146326/changes-in-molecular-structure-of-chickpea-starch-during-processing-treatments-a-thin-layer-chromatography-study
#19
Yongkang Sun, Hualei Wang, Wei Wang, Bing Hu, Li Zhou, Hong Ye, Xiaoxiong Zeng
To detect the changes in molecular structure of chickpea starch during processing treatments, a thin layer chromatographic method for characterizing the molecular structure of chickpea starch was developed. With this method, the components in chickpea starch could be divided into amylopectin, small linear molecules and large linear molecules, and their contents could be determined. It was found that the degrees of polymerization of the large linear molecules and small linear molecules in chickpea enzyme-resistant starch were about 40 and below 15, respectively...
March 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146239/innately-activated-tlr4-signal-in-the-nucleus-accumbens-is-sustained-by-crf-amplification-loop-and-regulates-impulsivity
#20
Irina Balan, Kaitlin T Warnock, Adam Puche, Marjorie C Gondre-Lewis, Laure Aurelian
Cognitive impulsivity is a heritable trait believed to represent the behavior that defines the volition to initiate alcohol drinking. We have previously shown that a neuronal Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signal located in the central amygdala (CeA) and ventral tegmental area (VTA) controls the initiation of binge drinking in alcohol-preferring P rats, and TLR4 expression is upregulated by alcohol-induced corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) at these sites. However, the function of the TLR4 signal in the nucleus accumbens shell (NAc-shell), a site implicated in the control of reward, drug-seeking behavior and impulsivity and the contribution of other signal-associated genes, are still poorly understood...
November 13, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
keyword
keyword
33095
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"