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neck of femur

Ji Hyun Moon, Mi Hee Kong, Hyeon Ju Kim
Background: We evaluated the relationship between secondhand smoke (SHS) inhalation, as verified by urinary cotinine levels, and bone health. Methods: We analyzed the nationwide, population-based, cross-sectional health survey. We included 1936 men aged 50 years or older who checked bone mineral density (BMD) from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2008-2010). Current smokers assessed by urinary cotinine levels higher than 500 ng/mL were excluded ( n = 616)...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Mamoudou Sawadogo, Hamado Kafando, Salam Ouedraogo, Alexandre Stanislas Korsaga, Souleymane Ouedraogo, Sayouba Tinto, Anatole Jean Innocent Ouedraogo, Mohamed Tall, Songahir Christophe DA
Introduction: Head and neck resection of the femur was described by Girdlestone in 1928 in the treatment of coxalgia. Very invasive at the beginning, this intervention is much less so today, but the term of "Girdlestone's operation" or "Girdlestone's procedure" has remained in use. The reported results are controversial. In resource-limited countries, Girdlestone's procedure is often indicated for lack of a better one. In this context, we report the results of a series of 24 patients operated in a regional hospital (Ouahigouya, Burkina Faso) with the aim of showing that this technique remains valid and can be benefit...
2018: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Jun Liu, Ping Zhen, Sheng-Hu Zhou, Qi Tian, Hui Chen, Wei Wang, Xiao-le He, Xu-Sheng Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the manipulation technique and clinical outcome of Tri-Lock bone preservation stem for acetabular protrusion combined with shorten defect of femoral head and neck. METHODS: From January 2013 to December 2015, 10 patients(12 hips) with acetabular protrusion combined with shorten defect of femoral head and neck were treated with total hip arthroplasty(THA) including 5 males and 5 female with an average age of(51.6±3.0) years old ranging from 42...
February 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Callie L Blackford Winders, William L Vaughn, Kate E Birdwhistell, Ian G Holsworth, Samuel P Franklin
OBJECTIVES:  This study aimed to compare the completeness of femoral head and neck removal via a craniolateral approach or a ventral approach when femoral head and neck excision (FHNE) is performed by a novice veterinarian. METHODS:  FHNE was performed on both femurs of 10 canine cadavers with each femur randomized by a coin toss to FHNE via the craniolateral or ventral approach. Computed tomography (CT) of the femurs was performed prior to and following FHNE...
February 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
Beata Znorko, Dariusz Pawlak, Ewa Oksztulska-Kolanek, Tomasz Domaniewski, Anna Pryczynicz, Alicja Roszczenko, Joanna Rogalska, Paweł Lipowicz, Michał Doroszko, Malgorzata Michalina Brzoska, Krystyna Pawlak
Osteoprotegerin (OPG), receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL), and parathyroid hormone (PTH) play a central role in the regulation of bone turnover in chronic kidney disease (CKD), but their influence on bone mineral density (BMD) and strength remains unclear, particularly in children. We studied the clinical significance of OPG and RANKL in relation to PTH, femur weight, BMD, and bone biomechanical properties in growing rats after one month (CKD-1) and three months (CKD-3) of surgically-induced mild CKD...
March 9, 2018: Cytokine
Shuman Yang, Yunhua Luo, Lang Yang, Enrico Dall'Ara, Richard Eastell, Andrew L Goertzen, Eugene V McCloskey, William D Leslie, Lisa M Lix
BACKGROUND: Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)-based finite element analysis (FEA) has been studied for assessment of hip fracture risk. Femoral strength (FS) is the maximum force that the femur can sustain before its weakest region reaches the yielding limit. Fracture risk index (FRI), which also considers subject-specific impact force, is defined as the ratio of von Mises stress induced by a sideways fall to the bone yield stress over the proximal femur. We compared risk stratification for prior hip fracture using FS and FRI derived from DXA-based FEA...
March 8, 2018: Bone
Hakan Ömeroğlu
This review aims to summarize the basic treatment principles of fractures according to their types and general management principles of special conditions including physeal fractures, multiple fractures, open fractures, and pathologic fractures in children. Definition of the fracture is needed for better understanding the injury mechanism, planning a proper treatment strategy, and estimating the prognosis. As the healing process is less complicated, remodeling capacity is higher and non-union is rare, the fractures in children are commonly treated by non-surgical methods...
April 2018: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
Wei Huang, Kun Zhang, Yangjun Zhu, Zhan Wang, Zijun Li, Jun Zhang
A non-union, especially atrophic non-unions, is a permanent failure of healing following a fracture and can be difficult to treat. Approximately 5-10% of fractures will result in a non-union during the healing process. non-unions can be classified into two types: atrophic non-union which is often due to impaired bone healing with a potential biological mechanism, and hypertrophic non-union which is due to inadequate fixation after fracture. Genetic variations also play an important role in the fracture healing response...
2018: PloS One
Y Luo
Femur expansion occurs during normal aging in both men and women. Average bone mineral density (BMD) over a region of interest (ROI) on the femur may considerably decrease with age even in healthy people, and therefore, it is inaccurate if used to monitor treatment-induced bone change. INTRODUCTION: Areal bone mineral density (BMD), averaged over a region of interest (ROI) on the femur, is widely used in the diagnosis of osteoporosis, assessment of fracture risk, and monitoring of treatment effectiveness...
March 5, 2018: Osteoporosis International
Inbal Goldshtein, Allison Martin Nguyen, Anne E dePapp, Sofia Ish-Shalom, Julie M Chandler, Gabriel Chodick, Varda Shalev
This study analyzed data on 87,224 osteoporotic patients with up to 18 years of computerized medical history. Patients with osteoporosis and type 2 diabetes had higher bone density yet more fractures than non-diabetic osteoporotic patients. Fracture incidence among the diabetic patients was associated with retinopathy and cardiovascular disease, but not with diabetes duration. PURPOSE: Little is known about the association between type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and fragility fractures or the mechanism(s) involved...
March 3, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
Timur Ekiz, Serkan Fatih Yeğen, Mehmet Kağan Katar, Ömer Genç, Selin Genç
This study compared the 25-hyrdoxyvitamin (OH) D and bone mineral density (BMD) values of patients with and without cholecystectomy. Although 25(OH) D levels were significantly lower in the cholecystectomy group (12.1 ± 6.2 vs. 15.6 ± 6.6 ng/mL), no significant difference was observed between the groups in terms of BMD measurements. INTRODUCTION: Although 25 (OH) D levels were studied and found to be lower in patients with cholecystectomy, the data is scarce as regards the BMD...
March 2, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
Ehsan Soodmand, Daniel Kluess, Patrick A Varady, Robert Cichon, Michael Schwarze, Dominic Gehweiler, Frank Niemeyer, Dieter Pahr, Matthias Woiczinski
BACKGROUND: The present study contrasts the accuracy of different reconstructed models with distinctive segmentation methods performed by various experts. Seven research groups reconstructed nine 3D models of one human femur based on an acquired CT image using their own computational methods. As a reference model for accuracy assessment, a 3D surface scan of the human femur was created using an optical measuring system. Prior to comparison, the femur was divided into four areas; "neck and greater trochanter", "proximal metaphysis", "diaphysis", and "distal metaphysis"...
March 2, 2018: Biomedical Engineering Online
Tobias Hesper, Sarah D Bixby, Daniel A Maranho, Patricia Miller, Young-Jo Kim, Eduardo N Novais
BACKGROUND: Hip osteoarthritis has been reported in the contralateral hip in patients who had been treated for unilateral slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) during adolescence. Although this might be related to the presence of a mild deformity, the morphologic features of the contralateral hip in unilateral SCFE remains poorly characterized. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: Do measurements of (1) femoral head-neck concavity (α angle and femoral head-neck offset), (2) epiphyseal extension into the metaphysis (epiphyseal extension ratio and epiphyseal angle), and (3) posterior tilt of the epiphysis (epiphyseal tilt angle) differ between the contralateral asymptomatic hips of patients treated for unilateral SCFE and hips of an age- and sex-matched control population without a history of hip disease? METHODS: From January 2005 to May 2015, 442 patients underwent surgical treatment for SCFE at our institution...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Julien Wegrzyn, Jean-Paul Roux, Charlotte Loriau, Nicolas Bonin, Vincent Pibarot
PURPOSE: Using a cementless femoral stem in total hip arthroplasty (THA), optimal filling of the proximal femoral metaphyseal volume (PFMV) and restoration of the extramedullary proximal femoral (PF) parameters (i.e., femoral offset (FO), neck length (FNL), and head height (FHH)) constitute key goals for optimal hip biomechanics, functional outcome, and THA survivorship. However, almost 30% of mismatch between the PF anatomy and implant geometry of the most widely implanted non-modular cementless femoral stem has been demonstrated in a computed tomography scan (CT scan) study...
February 22, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Yuta Nakanishi, Takafumi Hiranaka, Masahiro Shirahama, Masafumi Uesugi, Kenjiro Okimura, Masanori Tsubosaka, Yousaku Shibata, Yuuichi Hida, Takaaki Fujishiro, Harunobu Uemoto
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that multiple screw fixation is a common option of surgical treatment for femoral neck fractures, there is a paucity of precise morphological study of the femoral neck. To identify appropriate positions and spacing of hip screws for multiple-screw femoral neck fracture fixation, proximal femur morphology in Japanese patients was studied. METHOD: One hundred hips in fifty knee arthroplasty candidates were studied. Following full limb CT, defined slices were created and anatomical variables measured...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Gregory Chang, Chamith S Rajapakse, Cheng Chen, Arakua Welbeck, Kenneth Egol, Ravinder R Regatte, Punam K Saha, Stephen Honig
Purpose To determine if 3-T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of proximal femur microarchitecture can allow discrimination of subjects with and without fragility fracture who do not have osteoporotic proximal femur bone mineral density (BMD). Materials and Methods Sixty postmenopausal women (30 with and 30 without fragility fracture) who had BMD T scores of greater than -2.5 in the hip were recruited. All subjects underwent dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry to assess BMD and 3-T MR imaging of the same hip to assess bone microarchitecture...
February 19, 2018: Radiology
Adam D Sylvester, Patricia A Kramer
Finite element analysis (FEA) is a powerful tool for evaluating questions of functional morphology, but the application of FEA to extant or extinct creatures is a non-trivial task. Three categories of input data are needed to appropriately implement FEA: geometry, material properties, and boundary conditions. Geometric data are relatively easily obtained from imaging techniques, but often material properties and boundary conditions must be estimated. Here we conduct sensitivity analyses of the effect of the choice of Young's Modulus for elements representing trabecular bone and muscle loading complexity on the proximal femur using a finite element mesh of a modern human femur...
February 16, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
Nainesha Kulkarni, Abhishek Chitnis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2018: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Young-Kyun Lee, Byung-Ho Yoon, Ji Sup Hwang, Yong-Han Cha, Ki-Choul Kim, Kyung-Hoi Koo
BACKGROUND: Basicervical femur neck fracture (FNF) is a rare type of fracture, and is associated with increased risk of fixation failure due to its inherent instability. The purpose of this study was (1) to investigate the incidence of fixation failure and (2) to determine risk factors for fixation failure in basicervical FNF after internal fixation. METHODS: To identify basicervical FNF with a minimum of 12 months follow-up, we retrospectively reviewed records of 3217 patients who underwent hip fracture surgery from May 2003 to March 2016...
February 9, 2018: Injury
Zhaleh Shariati-Sarabi, Hamid Etemad Rezaie, Nasrin Milani, Farnaz Etemad Rezaie, Ali Etemad Rezaie
Background: The menopausal transition called perimenopause, happens after the reproductive years, and is specified with irregular menstrual cycles, perimenopause symptoms and hormonal changes. Women going through peri menopausal period are vulnerable to bone loss . Osteoporosis is one of the most common debilitating metabolic bone diseases, especially in the women almost around 50 years. This study was intended to evaluate the prevalence of osteopenia/osteoporosis amongst asymptomatic individuals during the menopause transition period...
January 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
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