keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

neck of femur

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931999/the-impact-of-closed-versus-open-kinetic-chain-exercises-on-osteoporotic-femur-neck-and-risk-of-fall-in-postmenopausal-women
#1
Ali Abd El-Monsif Thabet, Mansour Abdullah Alshehri, Omar Farouk Helal, Bassem Refaat
[Purpose] This study aimed to investigate how closed and open kinetic chain exercises differed in their impact on bone mineral density (BMD) and fall risk in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. [Subjects and Methods] The research sample consisted of 40 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis with ages between 51 and 58 years old. They were divided at random into two groups of 20 each, respectively receiving closed and open kinetic chain exercises. These exercises were administered three times per week over a period of four sequential months...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929434/random-electromyostimulation-promotes-osteogenesis-and-the-mechanical-properties-of-rat-bones
#2
Shigeo M Tanaka, Yuma Yorozuya, Daisuke Takatsu
Exercise is often recommended as a promising non-pharmacologic countermeasure to prevent osteoporosis. However, elderly osteoporotic patients generally have physical fitness difficulties preventing them from performing effective and sustainable exercise. Electromyostimulation should be one effective modality for non-pharmacological prevention of osteoporosis without any voluntary physical movements. However, successful stimulation patterns remain controversial. As suggested by our previous in vitro studies, randomized timing of stimulation could be a candidate to maximize the osteogenic effect of electromyostimulation...
September 19, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929007/the-postcranial-skeleton-of-boreogomphodon-cynodontia-traversodontidae-from-the-upper-triassic-of-north-carolina-usa-and-the-comparison-with-other-traversodontids
#3
Jun Liu, Vincent P Schneider, Paul E Olsen
Postcranial remains of Boreogomphodon from the Upper Triassic of North Carolina are described and compared to those of other known traversodontid cynodonts. The postcranial skeleton of Boreogomphodon is characterized by four sacral ribs, simple ribs lacking costal plates, the extension of the scapular neck below the acromion process, a short scapular facet on the procoracoid, a concave anterior margin of the procoracoid, humerus entepicondyle with smooth corner, and the presence of a fifth distal carpal. Four types of ribs are identified among traversodontids: 'normal' form, tubercular rib, costal plate, and Y-shaped rib...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924360/the-correct-implant-choice-for-transtrochanteric-fracture-in-brazil
#4
Diogo Fernandes Torquato, André Figueiredo Bordini, Gustavo Ferreira, Edmilson Takehiro Takata, Gustavo Trigueiro, Ricardo Basile
OBJECTIVE: To assess the adequacy to the Brazilian population of orthopedic implants used for treatment of proximal femoral fractures. METHODS: The neck-shaft angle of the femur of 101 patients was measured in anteroposterior pelvis radiographs and these measurements were correlated to gender, age, height, weight and ethnicity. In addition, we compared the values of the neck -shaft angle with the angulation of the main implants available in the Brazilian market for the treatment of transtrochanteric fractures...
November 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902001/guided-growth-of-the-proximal-femur-for-the-management-of-hip-dysplasia-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#5
Nicola Portinaro, Marco Turati, Matteo Cometto, Marco Bigoni, Jon R Davids, Artemisia Panou
BACKGROUND: Progressive hip displacement is one of the most common and debilitating deformities seen in children with cerebral palsy (CP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of temporary medial hemiepiphysiodesis of the proximal femur (TMH-PF) using a transphyseal screw to control hip migration during growth in children with CP. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of children with CP and hip dysplasia, age 4 to 11 years and GMFCS levels III-V...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882332/improving-stress-shielding-following-total-hip-arthroplasty-by-using-a-femoral-stem-made-of-%C3%AE-type-ti-33-6nb-4sn-with-a-young-s-modulus-gradation
#6
Go Yamako, Dennis Janssen, Shuji Hanada, Thomas Anijs, Kiyohide Ochiai, Koji Totoribe, Etsuo Chosa, Nico Verdonschot
Stress shielding-related bone loss occurs after total hip arthroplasty because the stiffness of metallic implants differs from that of the host femur. Although reducing stem stiffness can ameliorate the bone resorption, it increases stress at the bone-implant interface and can inhibit fixation. To overcome this complication, a novel cementless stem with a gradient in Young's modulus was developed using Ti-33.6Nb-4Sn (TNS) alloy. Local heat treatment applied at the neck region for increasing its strength resulted in a gradual decrease in Young's modulus from the proximal to the distal end, from 82...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875607/the-role-of-overweight-and-obesity-on-bone-health-in-korean-adolescents-with-a-focus-on-lean-and-fat-mass
#7
Hwa Young Kim, Hae Woon Jung, Hyunsook Hong, Jae Hyun Kim, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang, Young Ah Lee
As the associations between pediatric overweight/obesity and bone health remain controversial, we investigated the effects of overweight/obesity as well as lean mass (LM) and fat mass (FM) on bone parameters in adolescents. Bone parameters were evaluated using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) data of 982 adolescents (aged 12-19 years) from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2009-2010). Z-scores for LM, FM, bone mass, bone mineral density (BMD), and bone mineral apparent density (BMAD) using Korean pediatric reference values were used for analysis...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869754/the-irisin-hormone-profile-and-expression-in-human-bone-tissue-in-the-bone-healing-process-in-patients
#8
Sancar Serbest, Uğur Tiftikçi, Hacı Bayram Tosun, Üçler Kısa
BACKGROUND Whether or not there is a relationship between the newly-discovered irisin hormone and bone healing is not yet known. The aim of this study was to investigate what effect irisin hormone has on the bone healing process. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study included 21 adult patients with a diagnosed fracture of the lower extremity (femur or tibia). Informed consent was obtained from all the patients. A total of four venous blood samples were taken from the patients: before fracture stabilization, then postoperatively on days 1, 10, and 60...
September 4, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862661/the-effect-of-taichi-practice-on-attenuating-bone-mineral-density-loss-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
REVIEW
Liye Zou, Chaoyi Wang, Kevin Chen, Yankai Shu, Xiaoan Chen, Lin Luo, Xitang Zhao
Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of practicing Taichi on attenuating bone mineral density (BMD) loss. Methods: Both electronic and manual searches were performed for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining Taichi for bone health. Two review authors independently performed study selection and data extraction according to inclusion criteria. A third party (Lin Luo) emerged to discuss with the two review authors and resolve a disagreement. Results: Twenty RCTs were found to meet the inclusion criteria and used for meta-analysis with a total effective sample of 1604...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859846/the-influence-of-the-hips-position-on-measurements-of-posterior-tilt-in-a-valgus-impacted-femoral-neck-fracture
#10
Sigurd Erik Hoelsbrekken, Filip C Dolatowski
INTRODUCTION: Lateral radiographs are important for the evaluation of Garden I and II femoral neck fractures. These fractures appear undisplaced in the anteroposterior view, but posterior tilt of the femoral head may still be present in the lateral view. The influence of posterior tilt is, however, debated, which could be caused by the use of non-standardized cross-table radiographs in the conflicting reports. The aim of this bone-model study was therefore to evaluate the influence of the hips position on measurements of posterior tilt...
August 26, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859264/adefovir-induced-fanconi-syndrome-associated-with-osteomalacia
#11
Samel Park, Woo-Il Kim, Dai-Hyun Cho, Yeo-Joo Kim, Hong-Soo Kim, Ji-Hee Kim, Seung-Kuy Cha, Kyu-Sang Park, Ji-Hye Lee, Sang Mi Lee, Eun Young Lee
Fanconi syndrome is a dysfunction of the proximal renal tubules that results in impaired reabsorption and increased urinary loss of phosphate and other solutes. The pathophysiology of drug-induced Fanconi syndrome is unclear. Here we report the case of a 36-year-old woman who presented with pain in multiple bones and proteinuria. She had a 7-year history of taking adefovir at 10 mg/day for chronic hepatitis B. Three years previously she had received surgery for a nontraumatic right femur neck fracture, after which she continued to complain of pain in multiple bones, and proteinuria, glycosuria, and phosphaturia were noted...
September 1, 2017: Clinical and Molecular Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858108/effect-of-bone-mineral-density-on-lumbar-discs-in-young-adults-a-case-control-study
#12
Nese Keser, Arzu Atici, Erhan Celikoglu, Pinar Akpinar, Ali F Ramazanoglu, İlknur Aktas
Bone mineral density (BMD) might be a risk factor for lumbar disc herniation (LDH) in young adults, but there is not enough data concerning this effect. Several studies have been performed on elderly and osteoporotic patients. Thus, we aimed to investigate the effect of BMD on the etiopathogenesis of LDH in young adults.One hundred patients (mean age: 38.45 ± 8.92 years; 50 men and 50 women) were enrolled this case-control study and classified into 2 groups, as follows. The case group (G-I) included 50 patients with symptomatic LDH who were hospitalized in the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinic, and the control group (G-II) included 50 patients with lower back pain but no finding of LDH detected using magnetic resonance imaging...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854938/the-assessment-of-femoral-shaft-morphology-in-the-sagittal-plane-in-chinese-patients-with-osteoarthritis-a-radiographic-analysis
#13
Zhengyuan Bao, Liang Qiao, Jianghui Qin, Jiacheng Xu, Sheng Zhou, Dongyang Chen, Dongquan Shi, Jin Dai, Yao Yao, Qing Jiang, Zhihong Xu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze femoral shaft sagittal parameters in Chinese osteoarthritis (OA) patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and identify whether the parameters in the coronal plane could be predictors of those in the sagittal plane. METHODS: Standard long-standing anteroposterior and femoral lateral radiographs of 50 lower limbs in 50 Chinese OA patients were included. Sagittal femoral bowing angle (sFBA), angle between femoral distal anterior cortex axis and sagittal mechanical axis (DACSMA), angle between femoral distal anterior cortex axis and sagittal distal anatomic axis (DACSDAA), and angle between femoral sagittal mechanical axis and sagittal distal anatomic axis (SMADAA) were measured...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842363/associations-between-body-mass-index-across-adult-life-and-hip-shapes-at-age-60-to-64-evidence-from-the-1946-british-birth-cohort
#14
Stella G Muthuri, Fiona R Saunders, Rebecca J Hardy, Anastasia V Pavlova, Kathryn R Martin, Jennifer S Gregory, Rebecca J Barr, Judith E Adams, Diana Kuh, Richard M Aspden, Rachel Cooper
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations of body mass index (BMI) across adulthood with hip shapes at age 60-64years. METHODS: Up to 1633 men and women from the MRC National Survey of Health and Development with repeat measures of BMI across adulthood and posterior-anterior dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry bone mineral density images of the proximal femur recorded at age 60-64 were included in analyses. Statistical shape modelling was applied to quantify independent variations in hip mode (HM), of which the first 6 were examined in relation to: i) BMI at each age of assessment; ii) BMI gain during different phases of adulthood; iii) age first overweight...
August 24, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839947/dynamic-chronic-rectal-obstruction-causing-a-severe-colonic-dilatation-in-a-cat
#15
Sofia García-Pertierra, Esteban Gonzàlez-Gasch, Carmen Catalá Puyol, Jose María Closa Boixeda
CASE SUMMARY: A 5-year-old male neutered domestic shorthair cat was presented to our referral centre with a 13 month history of chronic tenesmus due to malunion of the right caudal iliac body. Constipation and pelvic canal stenosis were initially addressed by the referring veterinarian with a right femoral head and neck excision and a right acetabulectomy without observable clinical improvement. At admission, abdominal radiographs revealed severe colonic distension and a narrowed pelvic canal caused by the right proximal femur...
July 2017: JFMS open reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835046/-evaluation-of-the-proximal-femur-geometry-in-patients-with-elderly-osteoporotic-hip-fractures
#16
J X Fan, N Li, X F Gong, M H Yang, S W Zhu, X B Wu, L He
Objective: To investigate the relationship between the proximal femur geometry and elderly osteoporotic hip fractures. Methods: From May 2015 to December 2015, 137 patients with elderly osteoporotic hip fractures were involved.69 cases were in the fracture group and 68 cases were in the control group.CT scan were performed on all patients and the proximal femur geometry parameters were measured, including the neck width (NW), neck length (NL), neck shaft angle (NSA), femur head diameter (FHD), head height (HH) and Offset...
August 15, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828062/femoral-neck-fractures-in-osteogenesis-imperfecta-treated-with-bisphosphonates
#17
M C Papanna, S Tafazal, M J Bell, S N Giles, J A Fernandes
PURPOSE: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a condition characterised by bone fragility and multiple fractures, which cause considerable morbidity in the affected patients. Most cases are associated with mutations in one of the type I collagen genes. Recently, bisphosponates have been used widely to reduce pain and the incidence of fragility fractures in OI in children, even though there have been concerns raised regarding the long-term complications of it due to their effect on the bone...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827502/risk-factors-associated-with-cephalomedullary-nail-cutout-in-the-treatment-of-trochanteric-hip-fractures
#18
David J Ciufo, Douglas A Zaruta, Jason S Lipof, Kyle T Judd, John T Gorczyca, John P Ketz
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association of cephalomedullary nail cutout in trochanteric femur fractures with the presence of the following radiographic variables: lateral wall fracture, posteromedial fragment, angular malreduction, residual basicervical fracture gapping, screw placement, and tip-apex distance (TAD). DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Academic medical center. PATIENTS: A total of 362 patients were included in the study...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819601/carcinoma-of-unknown-primary-mimicking-multiple-myeloma
#19
Vanamali B Seetharamaiah, B Sunil, M K Padmanabha, N Sparsha
INTRODUCTION: Pathological fractures due to secondaries in the bone are common with carcinoma of lung, breast, prostate, and in multiple myeloma. Multiple pathological fractures after a trivial fall, indicating metastases warrants detailed investigations for the search of primary. Skeletal secondaries should be strongly suspected in addition to obvious diagnosis of multiple myeloma in such cases. CASE REPORT: We report a case of pathological fractures at multiple sites: The vertebral column, proximal shaft of femur, and contralateral fracture neck of femur...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817159/treatment-of-unicameral-bone-cysts-of-the-proximal-femur-with-internal-fixation-lessens-the-risk-of-additional-surgery
#20
Benjamin Wilke, Matthew Houdek, Rameshwar R Rao, Michelle S Caird, A Noelle Larson, Todd Milbrandt
Little data exist to guide the treatment of unicameral bone cysts in the proximal femur. Methods of treatment include corticosteroid injections, curettage and bone grafting, and internal fixation. The authors completed a multi-institutional, retrospective review to evaluate their experience with proximal femoral unicameral bone cysts. They posed the following questions: (1) Does internal fixation reduce the risk of further procedures for the treatment of a unicameral bone cyst? (2) Is radiographic healing faster with internal fixation? Following institutional review board approval, the authors conducted a retrospective review of 36 patients treated for a unicameral bone cyst of the proximal femur at their institutions between 1974 and 2014...
August 17, 2017: Orthopedics
keyword
keyword
33094
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"