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Cancer, oncology, education,

Mary Anne Purtzer, Carol J Hermansen-Kobulnicky
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To investigate oncology professionals' perspectives about, experience with, and envisioned feasibility of incorporating patient self-monitoring as a patient-centered practice. 
. RESEARCH APPROACH: An interpretive, descriptive study.
. SETTING: Four health systems and five cancer centers in three states. 
. PARTICIPANTS: 38 nurses, nurse practitioners, oncologists, physician assistants, and radiation therapists...
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
Anish Khalil, Muhammad Faheem, Ammad Fahim, Haran Innocent, Zainab Mansoor, Shehrbano Rizvi, Hizra Farrukh
Background. The biomedical care for cancer has not been complemented by psychosocial progressions in cancer care. Objectives. To find the prevalence of anxiety and depression amongst cancer patients in a hospital setting. Design and Setting. This cross-sectional study was conducted at the tertiary care hospitals Shifa International Hospital Islamabad and Nuclear Medicine, Oncology, and Radiotherapy Institute [NORI]. Patients and Methods. 300 patients were interviewed from both the outpatient and inpatient department using The Aga Khan University Anxiety and Depression Scale (AKUADS)...
2016: Psychiatry Journal
Lorna Awo Renner, Deborah McGill
BACKGROUND: Developing countries such as Ghana have very poor childhood cancer survival rates. There is a need to determine reasons for late presentation and treatment abandonment which are major causes of poor survival. Understanding these issues could inform effective strategies for childhood cancer control in resource-constrained settings. AIM: To explore factors influencing parental decision-making for children with cancer in Ghana with regard to health seeking and retention in treatment, in order to provide information that will guide Public Health interventions for childhood cancer control...
September 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
Ronald J Maggiore, Kathryn E Callahan, Janet A Tooze, Ira R Parker, Tina Hsu, Heidi D Klepin
The number of older adults with cancer is growing, necessitating more collaborative training in both geriatric principles and cancer care. We administered a web-based survey to U.S. geriatrics program directors (PDs) addressing cancer-specific training and perspectives on optimal training content and roles for geriatricians in cancer care. Of 140 PDs contacted, 67 (48%) responded. Topics considered very important in training included cancer screening (79%) and cancer-related pain management (70%). Respondents strongly agreed that some of the geriatrician's roles in cancer care included assessing functional status (64%) and assessing physical/cognitive function for goals of care (64%)...
October 17, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
Gulcihan Akkuzu, Gonul Kurt, Gulten Guvenc, Gulsah Kok, Sevgi Simsek, Safiye Dogrusoy, Ali Ayhan
To define the learning needs of patients with gynecological oncology. The study was performed as a descriptive study. A total of 92 patients were participated. Data were collected using Patient Learning Needs Scale (PLNS). The Pearson correlation test, independent sample t test, and analysis of one-way of variance (ANOVA) followed by Tukey's-B post hoc tests were used for statistical analyses by the SPSS 15.0 software package. The mean age of women's was 50.37 ± 12.20 years. The women's diagnoses were cervical (45...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Wendy H Oldenmenger, Peter A E Sillevis Smitt, Pleun J de Raaf, Carin C D van der Rijt
BACKGROUND: Inadequate adherence to prescribed analgesics may be one of the reasons why patients with cancer experience unrelieved pain. Adherence is directly influenced by patients' barriers about pain management. Patient pain education programs (PEPs) have been developed to reduce patients' barriers and increase patients' adherence to their analgesics. The purpose of this article was to evaluate patients' adherence in patients receiving a pain consult and patient pain education in comparison with patients receiving standard pain treatment (standard care [SC]), to better explore the difficulties in medication adherence in cancer-related pain and the effects of PEP...
October 14, 2016: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Melissa C Brouwers, Marija Vukmirovic, Jennifer R Tomasone, Eva Grunfeld, Robin Urquhart, Mary Ann O'Brien, Melanie Walker, Fiona Webster, Margaret Fitch
OBJECTIVE: To report on the findings of the CanIMPACT (Canadian Team to Improve Community-Based Cancer Care along the Continuum) Casebook project, which systematically documented Canadian initiatives (ie, programs and projects) designed to improve or support coordination and continuity of cancer care between primary care providers (PCPs) and oncology specialists. DESIGN: Pan-Canadian environmental scan. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals representing the various initiatives provided data for the analysis...
October 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Paola Friedrich, Catherine G Lam, Geetinder Kaur, Elena Itriago, Raul C Ribeiro, Ramandeep S Arora
BACKGROUND: Understanding and addressing treatment abandonment (TxA) is crucial for bridging the pediatric cancer survival gap between high-income (HIC) and low-and middle-income countries (LMC). In childhood cancer, TxA is defined as failure to start or complete curative cancer therapy and known to be a complex phenomenon. With rising interest on causes and consequences of TxA in LMC, this study aimed to establish the lay-of-the-land regarding determinants of TxA globally, perform and promote comparative research, and raise awareness on this subject...
2016: PloS One
Heidi Williamson, Nichola Rumsey
An altered appearance can impact on the psychosocial well-being of adolescent cancer patients, yet patient reports imply a dearth of appearance-related support. Using a two-phase qualitatively driven mixed methods design, 62 health professionals from a range of UK oncology care settings, provided data relating to their views of the impact of appearance changes on adolescent patients (aged 12-18 years), of delivering appearance-related care, and their training needs. Integrated findings were divided into two main outcomes...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
Brandon Battis, Linda Clifford, Mostaqul Huq, Edrick Pejoro, Scott Mambourg
OBJECTIVES: Patients treated with oral chemotherapy appear to have less contact with the treating providers. As a result, safety, adherence, medication therapy monitoring, and timely follow-up may be compromised. The trend of treating cancer with oral chemotherapy agents is on the rise. However, standard clinical guidance is still lacking for prescribing, monitoring, patient education, and follow-up of patients on oral chemotherapy across the healthcare settings. The purpose of this project is to establish an oral chemotherapy monitoring clinic, to create drug and lab specific provider order sets for prescribing and lab monitoring, and ultimately to ensure safe and effective treatment of the veterans we serve...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
Elisabeth Coyne, Karin B Dieperink
BACKGROUND: The nurses' ability to provide supportive care to the patient and the family is influenced by their family assessment skills, which provide them with understanding of the family needs and strengths. When a patient is diagnosed with cancer, it is the family who provides the long-term support for the patient, and nurses need to understand the family needs in order to provide holistic care. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study is to understand the factors that influence nurses' family assessment practices in adult oncology setting in Denmark and Australia...
October 10, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Tanya Urquhart, Jacqueline Collin
This article explores endocrinopathies associated with late effects of treatments for childhood cancers. It is the first of two articles on the subject, the second to be published in November. This is a growing area of care, as more than 80% of all childhood cancer is treatable, resulting in an increase in survivors of childhood cancer. However, up to two thirds of these children are reported to present with significant health problems resulting from their treatments, and approximately 25% of survivors have endocrine problems...
October 7, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
Yi-Hsin Liang, Chih-Hsin Wei, Wen-Hui Hsu, Yu-Yun Shao, Ya-Chin Lin, Pei-Chun Chou, Ann-Lii Cheng, Kun-Huei Yeh
PURPOSE: Do-not-resuscitate (DNR) consent is crucial in end-of-life (EOL) care for patients with advanced cancer. However, DNR consents signed by patients (DNR-P) and surrogates (DNR-S) reflect differently on patient autonomy and awareness. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled advanced cancer patients treated at National Taiwan University Hospital, Hsin-Chu Branch between 2012 and 2014. Patients who signed DNR consent at other hospitals were excluded; the remaining patients were subsequently classified into DNR-S and DNR-P groups...
October 4, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Masoud Bahrami
BACKGROUND: Cancer is the third main cause of death in Iran only after cardiovascular diseases and accidents. OBJECTIVES: The main aim of this research study was to identify nurses' understanding of cancer patients' Quality of Life (QoL) in an Iranian context. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This descriptive correlational study was conducted in an educative referral oncology center affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran in 2013...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Cancer Prevention
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Ankur M Doshi, Luke A Ginocchio, Yindalon Aphinyanaphongs
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the performance of a text classification machine-learning model in predicting highly cited articles within the recent radiological literature and to identify the model's most influential article features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We downloaded from PubMed the title, abstract, and medical subject heading terms for 10,065 articles published in 25 general radiology journals in 2012 and 2013. Three machine-learning models were applied to predict the top 10% of included articles in terms of the number of citations to the article in 2014 (reflecting the 2-year time window in conventional impact factor calculations)...
September 27, 2016: Academic Radiology
Maryam Vahidi, Nader Mahdavi, Elnaz Asghari, Hossein Ebrahimi, Jamal Eivazi Ziaei, Mina Hosseinzadeh, Hossein Namdar Areshtanab, Iraj Asvadi Kermani
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine factors associated with caregiver burden among primary caregivers of women with breast cancer in Iran. METHODS: This was a descriptive correlation study conducted in 2012 on 150 main caregivers of patients with breast cancer who came to the oncology clinic of Shahid Ghazi hospital in Tabriz, Iran. A questionnaire which included caregiving-related factors and the Zarit Burden Interview was used for data collection after its validity and reliability were determined...
September 2016: Asian Nursing Research
Camille Burnett, Linda Bullock, Cathleen A Collins, Lindsay Hauser
Residents of Southwest Virginia (SWVA) face significant barriers in accessing the most advanced forms of cancer care, cancer risk reduction, and clinical trials involvement. A collaboration between the University of Virginia (UVA) Cancer Center and UVA School of Nursing was forged with oncology caregivers in this region to build community capacity to support Cancer Clinical trials (CCT) by strengthening the workforce, and thus improving health outcomes for this underserved region of Appalachia. The UVA School of Nursing designed an educational workshop focusing on the basics of CCT to facilitate the development of a skilled nursing workforce in the SWVA region that could provide care to patients on protocol and/or to encourage residents to participate in trials...
September 29, 2016: Public Health Nursing
Tal Granot, Noa Gordon, Shlomit Perry, Shulamith Rizel, Salomon M Stemmer
OBJECTIVE: Perceptions of the role of oncology medical staff in supporting bereaved families have evolved with the transition to interdisciplinary cancer care. We investigated the interactions between oncology professionals and bereaved families. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved all oncology medical staff at the Davidoff Center. Participants were given a questionnaire relating to bereavement follow-up. Responses were measured using a 5-point Likert scale...
2016: PloS One
Anne-Sophie Dolez, Azahara Alcantara, Romain Mouny
The Montévrain clinic wants to be a medical center oriented towards autonomy and recovery of patient autonomy, reintegration within the family, as well as social and professional reintegration. After studying the care offer and the population base in Seine et Marne, we wanted to get involved in order to improve the capacity of patients treated for breast cancer, suffering deconditioning, with or without joint limitation and functional impairment, with or without a mental deterioration. We studied the recommendations of the "plan cancer III", researched the tertiary phase of cancer treatment and studied literature about evaluation of the physical and mental condition...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Seline Tam, Natasha Puri, Derek Stephens, Laura Mitchell, Meredith Giuliani, Janet Papadakos, Abha A Gupta
Adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients under 40 should be made aware of their fertility risks and preservation options throughout their care. However, discussions on fertility preservation (FP) do not routinely occur. With a dearth of FP resources, oncology providers may lack knowledge around FP. Thus, informational needs can be unmet, leading to anxiety and distress in patients. Provision of pertinent and timely information can help patients cope better with their diagnosis. FP pamphlets were developed for men and women with cancer...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
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