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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149131/genetics-and-genomics-an-oncology-nurse-s-journey-in-practice
#1
Suzanne M Mahon
BACKGROUND: Cancer genetics and genomics are now an integral component of oncology care. Genetics and genomics guide recommendations not only for cancer prevention and early detection, but also for cancer treatment. 
. OBJECTIVES: This article documents the personal experiences of an oncology nurse who has worked in cancer prevention and early detection since the 1990s and describes the many changes that have occurred in cancer-related genetic and genomic care during that time...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149123/precision-medicine-accelerating-the-science-to-revolutionize-cancer-care%C3%A2
#2
Jeannine M Brant, Deborah K Mayer
BACKGROUND: Precision medicine in cancer care uses specific information about a person's tumor to help diagnose, plan treatment, prognosticate, and surveil throughout the cancer trajectory. Applications exist for cancer prevention, early detection, cancer treatment, and supportive care. Several national initiatives (e.g., National Cancer Moonshot Initiative) support these efforts to accelerate this science forward.
. OBJECTIVES: This article presents an overview of the way in which precision medicine is revolutionizing cancer care...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149121/ethics-and-genetics-examining-a-crossroads-in-nursing-through-a-case-study%C3%A2
#3
Laura Curr Curr Beamer
BACKGROUND: The field of genetics and genomics is rapidly expanding, particularly in oncology. Genetics and genomics can lead to ethical concerns. Oncology nurses must balance the need for evidence-based oncology care with that of ethical care for patients and their family members. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of cancer genetics and ethics and their impact on oncology nurses, patients, and families. METHODS: A case study of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is offered to illustrate the impact of a hereditary cancer syndrome on several generations of a family and ethical issues surrounding cancer genetics...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140497/integrating-complementary-and-traditional-practices-in-middle-eastern-supportive-cancer-care
#4
Eran Ben-Arye, Noah Samuels, Michel Daher, Ibrahim Turker, Omar Nimri, Maryam Rassouli, Michael Silbermann
The Middle East is a promising arena in which researchers can explore the interchange between cross-cultural traditional medicine and supportive cancer care, as provided within an integrative oncology setting. Integrative oncology research and clinical practice in this part of the world have been focusing, for the most part, on the use of herbal medicine and mind-body-spiritual modalities, both of which are deeply rooted in traditional medical care. A regional, multinational, and interdisciplinary collaboration is currently being undertaken as part of the academic activities of the Middle-East Research Group in Integrative Oncology (MERGIO)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140495/traditional-and-complementary-medicine-in-pediatric-oncology-and-low-middle-income-countries-recommendations-from-the-international-society-of-pediatric-oncology-siop-t-cm-collaborative
#5
Elena J Ladas, Stacey Marjerrison, Brijesh Arora, Peter B Hesseling, Roberta Ortiz, Federico Antillon, Shalini Jatia, Glenn M Afungchwi
Significant strides have been made in the treatment of childhood cancer. Improvements in survival have led to increased attention toward supportive care indications; including the use of traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM). The use of T&CM among children and adolescents with cancer is well documented in both high-income countries (HICs) and low-middle income countries (LMICs). A higher incidence of the use of T&CM has been reported among children undergoing treatment in LMICs, which has elevated concerns related to drug interactions, adherence to therapy, and treatment-related toxicities...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128297/role-of-geriatric-oncologists-in-optimizing-care-of-urological-oncology-patients
#6
REVIEW
Jean-Pierre Droz, Helen Boyle, Gilles Albrand, Nicolas Mottet, Martine Puts
CONTEXT: Urological cancers are common. Since the median age of diagnosis is 60-70 yr, many patients require geriatric as well as urological evaluation if treatment is to be tailored to individual health status including comorbidities and frailty. OBJECTIVE: To review the most important features of geriatric assessment and its expected benefits. We also consider ways in which collaboration between urologists and geriatricians and geriatric teams can benefit patient well-being...
November 8, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123352/spiritual-needs-and-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-cancer
#7
Mansooreh Azizzadeh Forouzi, Batool Tirgari, Mohammad Hossein Safarizadeh, Yunes Jahani
Background and Aim: Information about spiritual needs and quality of life (QoL) is limited in Iranian cancer patients. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between spiritual needs and QoL among cancer patients in Iran. Methods: This correlational study included a convenience sample of 150 eligible cancer patients who were hospitalized in the oncology wards and outpatient clinics. Using two questionnaires; the spiritual needs survey and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QoL Questionnaire-C30 data were collected...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123346/estimation-of-need-for-palliative-care-among-noncancer-patients-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#8
Parvathy Prasad, Sonali Sarkar, Biswajit Dubashi, S Adinarayanan
Context: Palliative care services, until recently, were mainly restricted to cancer patients with incurable diseases. Hence, evaluative studies of palliative care are sparse in areas other than oncology. Aims: To estimate what proportion of patients attending the Departments of Neurology, Cardiology, and Nephrology of Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, required palliative care and to identify the palliative care needs of those patients...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123344/parents-knowledge-and-attitude-regarding-their-child-s-cancer-and-effectiveness-of-initial-disease-counseling-in-pediatric-oncology-patients
#9
Manjusha Nair, Lidiya T Paul, P T Latha, Kusumakumary Parukkutty
Objective: To examine parent's knowledge, attitude and psychosocial response regarding their child's cancer and treatment after initial disease counseling by doctor. Materials and Methods: Structured questionnaire based study of 43 mothers of newly diagnosed pediatric cancer patients undergoing treatment in pediatric oncology division. Mothers received initial counseling regarding their child's cancer and treatment from the doctor. Questionnaire was administered 2-6 months after initial counseling and mothers self-reported their responses...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123075/evaluation-of-the-awareness-of-attitude-to-and-knowledge-about-fertility-preservation-in-cancer-patients-among-clinical-practitioners-in-hong-kong
#10
J Pw Chung, T Th Lao, T C Li
INTRODUCTION: Individuals can be exposed to gonadotoxic agents in the course of treatment for cancers and other medical conditions. Fertility preservation refers to strategies that aim to preserve fertility by protecting it against the damage inflicted by gonadotoxic treatment. Many young patients are prescribed gonadotoxic treatment without prior counselling. This study aimed to study the awareness of, attitude to, and knowledge about fertility preservation among clinicians in Hong Kong...
November 10, 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121889/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-medication-non-adherence-in-hematological-oncological-patients-in-their-home-situation
#11
Linda Bouwman, Corien M Eeltink, Otto Visser, Jeroen J W M Janssen, Jolanda M Maaskant
BACKGROUND: Medication non-adherence is associated with poor health outcomes and increased health care costs. Depending on definitions, reported non-adherence rates in cancer patients ranges between 16 and 100%, which illustrates a serious problem. In malignancy, non-adherence reduces chances of achievement of treatment response and may thereby lead to progression or even relapse. Except for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML), the extent of non-adherence has not been investigated in hematological-oncological patients in an outpatient setting...
November 9, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121199/the-next-19-years-of-the-american-head-and-neck-society
#12
Jeffrey N Myers
Jeffrey N. Myers, MD, PhD, president of the American Head and Neck Society (AHNS) for 2016 to 2017, offered his perspectives on the AHNS's history, present-day activities, and future plans at this year's annual meeting of the society. The society was created from the 1998 merger of 2 societies, the Society for Head and Neck Surgeons (SHNS), founded in 1954, and the American Society for Head and Neck Surgery (ASHNS), founded in 1959, to become the largest organization in North America for the advancement of research and education in head and neck oncology...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118982/uneven-distribution-of-professors-and-instructors-in-medical-disciplines-dealing-with-the-four-main-chronic-non-communicable-diseases-the-case-of-the-italian-universities
#13
Giovanni Viegi, Stefano Centanni, Francesco Blasi
Background: Chronic (non-communicable) diseases (NCD) -- principally cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, and diabetes -- are leading causes of death and disability. There is the need to adopt a core University curriculum which let students be taught by teachers who are experts of the four main NCD, for reaching the public health goals proposed by the UN and the WHO. Methods: Our aim was to assess whether all medical students, regardless of the Italian university of enrolment, have an equal opportunity to be educated by an expert teacher in each of the four NCD...
2017: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112463/alcohol-and-cancer-a-statement-of-the-american-society-of-clinical-oncology
#14
Noelle K LoConte, Abenaa M Brewster, Judith S Kaur, Janette K Merrill, Anthony J Alberg
Alcohol drinking is an established risk factor for several malignancies, and it is a potentially modifiable risk factor for cancer. The Cancer Prevention Committee of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) believes that a proactive stance by the Society to minimize excessive exposure to alcohol has important implications for cancer prevention. In addition, the role of alcohol drinking on outcomes in patients with cancer is in its formative stages, and ASCO can play a key role by generating a research agenda...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110686/oncology-practitioners-perspectives-and-practice-patterns-of-post-treatment-cancer-survivorship-care-in-the-asia-pacific-region-results-from-the-step-study
#15
Raymond Javan Chan, Patsy Yates, Qiuping Li, Hiroko Komatsu, Violeta Lopez, Myat Thandar, Selva Titus Chacko, Winnie Kwok Wei So, Kanaungnit Pongthavornkamol, Myungsun Yi, Pongpak Pittayapan, Jessica Butcon, David Wyld, Alex Molassiotis
BACKGROUND: Most efforts to advance cancer survivorship care have occurred in Western countries. There has been limited research towards gaining a comprehensive understanding of survivorship care provision in the Asia-Pacific region. This study aimed to establish the perceptions of responsibility, confidence, and frequency of survivorship care practices of oncology practitioners and examine their perspectives on factors that impede quality survivorship care. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of hospital-based oncology practitioners in 10 Asia-Pacific countries was undertaken between May 2015-October 2016...
November 6, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096987/end-of-life-reflecting-on-things-that-matter
#16
REVIEW
Constance Dahlin, Patrick Coyne
OBJECTIVES: To promote oncology nurse communication that is grounded on principles of ethics, individual care, and shared decision-making. DATA SOURCES: Articles and references in the communication, nursing and oncology nursing literature CONCLUSION: Communication is essential to effectively advocate to meet the needs of cancer patients and their families, and other health care providers, particularly in the quality-of life domains. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: Oncology nurses are in a prime position to facilitate quality communication...
October 30, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096418/correlates-of-post-traumatic-growth-following-childhood-and-adolescent-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Jasmin K Turner, Amanda Hutchinson, Carlene Wilson
OBJECTIVE: Post-traumatic growth is defined as positive change resulting from the struggle with highly challenging life circumstances or trauma [1]. A growing number of children and adolescents are experiencing and surviving cancer. This review aims to identify the demographic, medical, and psychosocial correlates of perceived post-traumatic growth in individuals of any age who were affected by paediatric cancer. Findings will highlight protective factors that may facilitate post-traumatic growth, allowing for directed social support, intervention, and follow-up care...
November 2, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090030/cancer-related-fatigue-in-breast-cancer-survivors-in-correlation-to-demographic-factors
#18
Fatemeh Moghaddam Tabrizi, Saeedeh Alizadeh
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is one of the most frequent symptoms in cancer patients. However, its exact causes are still unknown, and this circumstance makes it complicated to encounter the problem. OBJECTIVE: The current research was carried out to investigate factors associated with fatigue in cancer patients without other diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The research was conducted in 2013. A group of 150 randomly selected breast cancer patients who had successful surgical treatment and attending in oncology ward to receive chemotherapy and radiotherapy...
June 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080296/targeting-general-practitioners-prospective-outcomes-of-a-national-education-program-in-radiation-oncology
#19
Lucinda Morris, Peter Gorayski, Sandra Turner
INTRODUCTION: We report on learning outcomes of a standardized national education program aimed at improving general practitioner (GP) knowledge about radiation therapy (RT) and referral pathways to radiation oncologists (ROs). METHODS: In 2014, a GP education program was developed through the Targeting Cancer public awareness campaign of the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists (RANZCR) Faculty of Radiation Oncology. The sessions were held in RT departments and comprised of RO-led case-based group learning and a department tour...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076227/ahns-series-do-you-know-your-guidelines-review-of-current-knowledge-on-laryngeal-cancer
#20
Akina Tamaki, Brett A Miles, Miriam Lango, Luiz Kowalski, Chad A Zender
The following article is part of a series in an initiative by the American Head and Neck Society's Education Committee and will review clinical practice guidelines for head and neck oncology. The primary goal is to increase awareness of current best practices pertaining to head and neck surgery and oncology. This manuscript is a review of current knowledge in laryngeal cancer with a focus on anatomy, epidemiology, diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment.
October 27, 2017: Head & Neck
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