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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432088/gps-and-paediatric-oncology-palliative-care-a-q-methodological-study
#1
Sue Neilson, Faith Gibson, Stephen Jeffares, Sheila M Greenfield
OBJECTIVE: This mixed-methods study set in the West Midlands region of the UK demonstrates the effectiveness of Q methodology in examining general practitioners' (GPs') perception of their role in children's oncology palliative care. METHODS: Using data obtained from the analysis of semistructured interviews with GPs who had cared for a child receiving palliative care at home and bereaved parents, 50 statements were identified as representative of the analysis findings...
April 21, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428642/-technology-and-prevention-in-the-era-of-mobile-health-applications-for-cancer-screening-programs
#2
Fabrizio Bert, Maria Rosaria Gualano, Salvatore Clemente, Giulia Villa, Roberta Siliquini
The Italian national health system provides screening to detect breast, colorecatal and cervical cancers, however, population adherence is not as high as expected. Smartphones and their applications (apps) could be used as a tool to communicate with the population and to help improve adherence. The aim of this study was to analyze the features and functions of smartphone applications aimed at secondary prevention of oncological diseases. In February 2016, we reviewed online app stores, using specific key-words, to search for available apps for cancer screening...
January 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428158/mobile-application-to-promote-adherence-to-oral-chemotherapy-and-symptom-management-a-protocol-for-design-and-development
#3
Joel Nathan Fishbein, Lauren Ellen Nisotel, James John MacDonald, Nicole Amoyal Pensak, Jamie Michele Jacobs, Clare Flanagan, Kamal Jethwani, Joseph Andrew Greer
BACKGROUND: Oral chemotherapy is increasingly used in place of traditional intravenous chemotherapy to treat patients with cancer. While oral chemotherapy includes benefits such as ease of administration, convenience, and minimization of invasive infusions, patients receive less oversight, support, and symptom monitoring from clinicians. Additionally, adherence is a well-documented challenge for patients with cancer prescribed oral chemotherapy regimens. With the ever-growing presence of smartphones and potential for efficacious behavioral intervention technology, we created a mobile health intervention for medication and symptom management...
April 20, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425203/educational-and-career-goal-attainments-in-young-adult-childhood-cancer-survivors
#4
Lisa Bashore, Emma Breyer
PURPOSE: Examine the educational and career outcomes of young adult childhood cancer survivors. DESIGN AND METHODS: Descriptive study design using a survey sent to 336 survivors. Quantitative and qualitative data were analyzed separately. RESULTS: Only 50 completed surveys were returned. Having a central nervous system tumor and radiation were associated with physical impairments. Four themes also emerged: future as medical professionals, dreams fallen short, peer relationships, and positive outlook on life...
April 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424766/the-need-for-hematology-nurse-education-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-community-case-study-in-tanzania
#5
Julie M Buser
Hematology-related diseases, such as anemia, malaria, sickle cell disease (SCD), and blood cancers, have differing rates of survival between high-income and low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Nurses in LMICs have an unmet need for specialty training and education to address hematology and hemato-oncology disorders. A gap in the literature exists about hematology nurse education and clinical service demands in LMICs. This community case study documents a collaborative hematology and basic hemato-oncology education program to sustainably strengthen nurse capacity at a national referral hospital and university in Tanzania...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422613/the-impact-of-prospective-telemedicine-implementation-in-the-management-of-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-recife-brazil
#6
Francisco Pedrosa, Faisal Shaikh, Gaston Rivera, Raul Ribeiro, Ibrahim Qaddoumi
BACKGROUND: A gap in childhood cancer outcomes remains between developed and developing countries. Persistence of this gap may be caused by financial, social, or educational disparities. Twinning and distance learning initiatives may improve such disparities. Integrating telemedicine into pediatric oncology twinning programs enhances education and facilitates patient-centered capacity building. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed an analysis of Web-based meetings held from August 2005 through July 2009 between the International Outreach Program at St...
April 19, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421461/the-role-of-tumor-board-conferences-in-neuro-oncology-a-nationwide-provider-survey
#7
REVIEW
James Snyder, Lonni Schultz, Tobias Walbert
The tumor board or multidisciplinary cancer meeting (MCM) is the foundation of high value multidisciplinary oncology care, coordinating teams of specialists. Little is known on how these meetings are implemented in Neuro-oncology. Benefits of MCMs include coordination, direction for complicated cases, education, and a forum for communication, emerging technology, and clinical trials. This study identifies participation and utilization of neuro-oncology MCMs. A cross-sectional descriptive survey was dispersed through an internet questionnaire...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410335/experiences-of-oncology-and-palliative-care-nurses-when-supporting-parents-who-have-cancer-and-dependent-children
#8
Anne Arber, Anki Odelius
BACKGROUND: It is important not to ignore the impact of parental cancer on children, and this is where oncology and palliative care nurses can play a key role, providing support to parents as a regular aspect of oncological nursing care. OBJECTIVES: This study explored the experience, needs, and confidence of nurses working in acute cancer services when supporting parents with cancer who have dependent children. METHODS: Two focus group interviews were conducted with oncology and palliative care nurses in 1 acute hospital trust in the south of England...
April 13, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398988/protected-mealtimes-for-adults-with-cancer-in-a-hematology-oncology-setting-an-evidence-based-implementation-project
#9
Benazir Naseer, Solano S G Tan, Seri S Ramli, Emily Ang
BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer are often at risk or suffer from some form of malnutrition, which could be attributed to their disease progression or the adverse effects of cancer treatment. Protected mealtime and offering assistance during mealtime may not improve their nutritional status but would allow them to enjoy their meal and improve patient satisfaction. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this project was to promote best practice in protecting mealtimes in hematology-oncology patients...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387636/assessing-the-need-for-improved-strategies-and-medication-related-education-to-increase-adherence-for-oral-anticancer-medications-in-the-young-adult-oncology-population
#10
Anupama Divakaruni, Elizabeth Saylor, Alison P Duffy
Rationale Oral anticancer medication adherence is a critical factor in optimizing cancer treatment outcomes and minimizing toxicity. Although potential adherence barriers exist, it is not well understood how these factors impact adherence. Methods This is a prospective, single-center, patient survey-based study conducted at the University of Maryland Greenebaum Comprehensive Cancer Center including 18- to 39-year-old patients who have been actively taking an oral anticancer medication for at least one month from 1 April 2013 to 1 April 2016...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383822/preparing-childhood-cancer-survivors-for-transition-to-adult-care-the-young-adult-perspective
#11
Natasha N Frederick, Sharon L Bober, Lexie Berwick, Mary Tower, Lisa B Kenney
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer survivors (CCSs) remain at risk for developing treatment-associated health conditions as they age; however, many do not obtain recommended follow-up, putting them at unnecessary risk for morbidity. Educational interventions targeted at providing survivors with the knowledge and skills necessary for healthcare independence might improve adherence and outcomes as they transition care to the adult medical system. OBJECTIVE: To identify informational needs, educational preferences, and support that young adult CCSs perceive as beneficial for transition from pediatric to adult medical care...
April 6, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379814/snapshot-of-an-outpatient-supportive-care-center-at-a-comprehensive-cancer-center
#12
Lindsey E Pimentel, Maxine De La Cruz, Angelique Wong, Debra Castro, Eduardo Bruera
BACKGROUND: Integration of palliative care (PC) in oncology have been found to improve symptom distress, quality of life, and survival in patients with advanced cancer. Early integration is most appropriate in the outpatient setting. However, most PC services in the United States do not have an outpatient component. Our study aims to provide a snapshot of the type of patients and families who are referred to this novel setting for the delivery of early PC. CONCLUSION: Traditionally, PC has been delivered predominantly to patients with advanced disease and to aid in transition to end of life...
April 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372871/an-update-on-post-treatment-surveillance-and-diagnosis-of-recurrence-in-women-with-gynecologic-malignancies-society-of-gynecologic-oncology-sgo-recommendations
#13
Ritu Salani, Namita Khanna, Marina Frimer, Robert E Bristow, Lee-May Chen
Gynecologic cancers account for ~12% of all new cancer cases in women and ~15% of all female cancer survivors. Current and continued advances within the field have resulted in long-term outcomes and a high rate of survivors. Therefore determining the most cost-effective clinical surveillance for detection of recurrence is critical. Unfortunately, there has been a paucity of research regarding the most effective strategies for surveillance after patients have achieved a complete response. Currently, most recommendations are based on retrospective studies and expert opinion...
March 31, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371178/impact-of-shared-care-program-in-follow-up-of-childhood-cancer-survivors-an-intervention-study
#14
Stéphane Ducassou, Maïté Chipi, Aurélie Pouyade, Mélanie Afonso, Jean-Louis Demeaux, Gérard Ducos, Yves Pérel, Sophie Ansoborlo
BACKGROUND: With the growing rate of childhood cancer cure and the risks of sequelae, long-term follow-up (FU) of survivors is a central issue. Several models have been proven far from satisfactory. Shared care FU is the result of collaboration between general practitioners (GPs) and cancer centers. We sought to demonstrate the feasibility of setting up a shared care program based on the patient-centered education of GPs and to evaluate the impact of this model in an intervention study...
April 1, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368670/american-society-of-clinical-oncology-position-statement-strategies-for-reducing-cancer-health-disparities-among-sexual-and-gender-minority-populations
#15
Jennifer Griggs, Shail Maingi, Victoria Blinder, Neelima Denduluri, Alok A Khorana, Larry Norton, Michael Francisco, Dana S Wollins, Julia H Rowland
ASCO is committed to addressing the needs of sexual and gender minority (SGM) populations as a diverse group at risk for receiving disparate care and having suboptimal experiences, including discrimination, throughout the cancer care continuum. This position statement outlines five areas of recommendations to address the needs of both SGM populations affected by cancer and members of the oncology workforce who identify as SGM: (1) patient education and support; (2) workforce development and diversity; (3) quality improvement strategies; (4) policy solutions; and (5) research strategies...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366109/reflections-the-value-of-patient-support-groups
#16
Amanda Hu
A patient support group is defined as "a group of people with common experiences and concerns who provide emotional and moral support for one another." Support groups fulfill many functions: educating patients/family, sharing the illness experience, providing strength to its members, raising public awareness, and fundraising. Some research has shown an improvement in quality of life of patients with head and neck cancer who have participated in support groups. A wide variety of support groups are available for otolaryngology patients, ranging from head and neck oncology to tinnitus and spasmodic dysphonia...
April 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365953/risk-factors-and-histopathological-features-of-breast-cancer-among-women-with-different-menopausal-status-and-age-at-diagnosis
#17
Ozan Unlu, Dilara Kiyak, Canan Caka, Merve Yagmur, Huseyin G Yavas, Fadime Erdogan, Nazli Sener, Bahar Oguz, Taner Babacan, Kadri Altundag
PURPOSE: Although there are studies that investigate different risk factors and clinicopathological features of breast cancer in women at different age groups and menopausal status, there is a need for studies with larger study populations due to controversial findings. We conducted this study to identify demographic parameters in breast cancer patients and histopathological features of the tumors for different age groups and compare them to demonstrate significant differences, if any...
January 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361359/medical-student-oncology-congress-designed-and-implemented-by-brazilian-medical-students
#18
Celeste Rodovalho Soares de Camargo, Jean Henri Maselli Schoueri, Felippe Lazar Neto, Paola Boaro Segalla, Auro Del Giglio, Daniel I G Cubero
Oncology is an essential field of medicine; however, its teaching is occasionally underemphasized and uncoordinated during medical school. An alternative method of providing additional oncological information to medical students is through extracurricular activities, such as congresses and medical student associations. The aim of this paper is to describe a Medical Student Oncology Congress entirely designed and organized by medical students. Three medical students from oncology study and research groups identified the gap in oncology training at universities and decided to organize a congress for students...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361228/cancer-patients-preferences-for-therapy-decisions-can-be-grouped-into-categories-and-separated-by-demographic-factors
#19
Jana Arnholdt, Jörg Haier
PURPOSE: Shared decision-making is based on comparable understanding of decision criteria on both sides that requires knowledge about preferences, reception/prioritization of benefits and covariates influencing these criteria. We addressed identification of cancer patients' preferences for treatment decisions and covariates for preference patterns in certain patient cohorts. DESIGN: Using preference surveys ordinal ranking of decisional preferences in life (PL) and during therapy (PT) were obtained and aggregated by factorial analysis...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355972/occupational-therapists-with-oncology-exposure
#20
Sara S Ulfers, Christine Berg
Cancer-related cognitive impairments (CRCI) can limit participation in meaningful activities before, during, and after cancer treatment. This study explored occupational therapists' perceived knowledge gaps and needs regarding CRCI in adults and older adults. An online survey was sent to a convenience sample of 60 practitioners at facilities throughout the continuum of care and 176 directors and faculty in accredited occupational therapy programs. Using a snowball sampling approach, recipients were asked to forward the survey to other occupational therapists...
March 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
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