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Breast carcinoma and diabetes

Pharkphoom Panichayupakaranant, Md Iftekhar Ahmad
Plumbagin (5-hydroxy-2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone) is a plant-derived naphthoquinones obtained mainly from three families, including Plumbaginaceae, Droseraceae, and Ebenaceae. Plumbagin has exhibited its potential therapeutic benefits on numerous chronic diseases, i.e., breast cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, melanoma, ovarian, squamous cell carcinomas, pancreatic cancer, and prostate cancer. In addition, its anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activities as well as control of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases have been reported...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Xing-Si Peng, Guo-Feng Xie, Wen-Ze Qiu, Yun-Hong Tian, Wei-Jun Zhang, Ka-Jia Cao
BACKGROUND: Diabetes has been identified as an adverse prognostic variable which associated with an increased mortality in various cancers, including colorectal, lung, and breast cancers. However, previous studies provided inconsistent results on the association between diabetes and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The main aim of this study was to investigate the associations between diabetes mellitus and the survival of NPC patients. METHODS: This study was designed as a 1:2 matched case-control study...
2016: PloS One
A Patnaik, L J Appleman, A W Tolcher, K P Papadopoulos, M Beeram, D W Rasco, G J Weiss, J C Sachdev, M Chadha, M Fulk, S Ejadi, J M Mountz, M T Lotze, F G S Toledo, E Chu, M Jeffers, C Peña, C Xia, S Reif, I Genvresse, R K Ramanathan
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of copanlisib, a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor, in patients with advanced solid tumors or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Phase I dose-escalation study including patients with advanced solid tumors or NHL, and a cohort of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Patients received three weekly intravenous infusions of copanlisib per 28-day cycle over the dose range 0...
October 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Amit K Behera, Mahadeva M Swamy, Nagashayana Natesh, Tapas K Kundu
The various bioactive compounds isolated from leaves and fruits of Garcinia sps plants, have been characterized and experimentally demonstrated to be anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer in nature. Garcinol, a polyisoprenylated benzophenone, obtained from plant Garcinia indica has been found to be an effective inhibitor of several key regulatory pathways (e.g., NF-kB, STAT3 etc.) in cancer cells, thereby being able to control malignant growth of solid tumours in vivo. Despite its high potential as an anti-neoplastic modulator of several cancer types such as head and neck cancer, breast cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, prostate cancer, colon cancer etc...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Janez Ravnik, Tomaz Smigoc, Gorazd Bunc, Bostjan Lanisnik, Ursa Ksela, Maja Ravnik, Tomaz Velnar
Metastatic tumours to the pituitary gland are rare. The most frequent are metastases from breast and lung. We describe three patients with metastatic tumours: (I) a 54-year-old patient with metastatic renal clear-cell carcinoma and consequent disturbances in visual acuity, cranial nerve paresis and panhypopituitarism, (II) a 60-year-old patient with a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with panhypopituitarism and diabetes insipidus and (III) a 57-year-old patient with metastasis of breast cancer and panhypopituitarism, visual impairment and cranial nerve paresis...
September 4, 2016: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
Wasundara Fernando, Melanie R Power Coombs, David W Hoskin, H P Vasantha Rupasinghe
Docosahexaenoic acid-acylated phloridzin (PZ-DHA), a novel polyphenol fatty acid ester derivative, was synthesized through a regioselective acylation reaction with the aim of increasing the bioactivity of phloridzin (PZ) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). In this study, PZ-DHA's cytotoxic activity was explored using in vitro and in vivo models of mammary carcinoma. PZ-DHA was selectively cytotoxic for mammary carcinoma (MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-468, 4T1, MCF-7 and T-47D) cells compared to non-malignant human mammary epithelial cells (HMEC and MCF-10A) and fibroblasts by MTS assay and Annexin-V-FLUOS/propidium iodide staining...
October 2016: Carcinogenesis
Hajjaj H M Abdu-Allah, Shih-Ting Huang, Tzu Ting Chang, Chia-Ling Chen, Han-Chung Wu, Wen-Shan Li
Building on the initial successful optimization of a novel series of tetraindoles, a second generation of the compounds with changes in the core phenyl ring was synthesized to improve anticancer properties. 17 new compounds with different rigidity, planarity, symmetry and degree of conjugation of their core structures to 5-hydroxyindole units were synthesized. All the compounds were fully characterized and tested against breast cancer cell line (MDA-MB-231). The results revealed that the core structure is required for activity and it should be aromatic, rigid, planar, symmetrical and conjugated for optimal activity...
September 15, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Farnaz Jafarpour-Sadegh, Vahid Montazeri, Ali Adili, Ali Esfehani, Mohammad-Reza Rashidi, Saeed Pirouzpanah
Purpose Doxorubicin has been found to be associated with insulin resistance in animal models. Onion, a so-called functional food, is noted to affect the insulin signaling pathway of diabetes in vitro To our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the effects of consuming fresh yellow onions on insulin-related indices compared with a low-onion-containing diet among breast cancer (BC) patients treated with doxorubicin. Methods This parallel-design, randomized, triple-blind, controlled clinical trial was conducted on 56 eligible BC patients (aged 30-63 years), diagnosed with invasive ductal carcinoma...
June 28, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Yun-Hai Zhou, Jiazeng Xia, Wen-Huan Xu, Xiqi Zhu, Xiao-Hong Wu, Dong Hua, Chungen Xing
AIM: Breast carcinoma (BCA) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are two major health problems in women and the general population. Cullin-1 is reported to be an important tumor-related protein involved in cell-cycle progression, signal transduction and transcription. The aim of this work is to investigate the role of Cullin-1 in the development of BCA and to find potential relationships between Cullin-1 and diabetes in BCA patients. METHODS: To evaluate the function of Cullin-1, we entered 168 patients with primary invasive BCA in this study...
June 11, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
Rachel Dankner, Paolo Boffetta, Ran D Balicer, Lital Keinan Boker, Maya Sadeh, Alla Berlin, Liraz Olmer, Margalit Goldfracht, Laurence S Freedman
Using a time-dependent approach, we investigated all-site and site-specific cancer incidence in a large population stratified by diabetes status. The study analyzed a closed cohort comprised of Israelis aged 21-89 years, enrolled in a health fund, and followed from 2002 to 2012. Adjusting for age, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status, we calculated hazard ratios for cancer incidence using Cox regression separately for participants with prevalent and incident diabetes; the latter was further divided by time since diabetes diagnosis...
June 15, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
H-F Chiu, M-C Chung, C-J Chung, T-M Yu, K-H Shu, M-J Wu
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the prognosis of kidney transplant recipients with pretransplantation malignancy and the incidence of recurrent malignancy in kidney transplant recipients using claims data from Taiwan's universal health insurance program. METHOD: A total of 4350 transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. The rates of pretransplantation or recurrent malignancy, which was defined by their inclusion in the catastrophic illness patient registry using the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, were evaluated...
April 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Randie H Kim, Maryann Kwa, Sylvia Adams, Shane A Meehan, Jennifer A Stein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: JAAD Case Reports
María Del Mar Travieso Aja, Gloria Santana López, Mario Rodríguez Rodríguez, Octavio P Luzardo
Diabetic mastopathy (DM) is a rare benign inflammatory disease of the breast, which nevertheless gives suspicious image of malignancy by breast ultrasound and mammography. MRI studies of this disease have indicated both nonspecific enhancement and non-enhancement of the lesion, depending on its degree of lymphocytic infiltration. This is the first case report discussing the appearances of DM on CESM, a novel mammographic technique.
March 30, 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Saro H Armenian, Lanfang Xu, Bonnie Ky, Canlan Sun, Leonardo T Farol, Sumanta Kumar Pal, Pamela S Douglas, Smita Bhatia, Chun Chao
PURPOSE: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), including ischemic heart disease, stroke, and heart failure, are well-established late effects of therapy in survivors of childhood and young adult (< 40 years at diagnosis) cancers; less is known regarding CVD in long-term survivors of adult-onset (≥ 40 years) cancer. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study design was used to describe the magnitude of CVD risk in 36,232 ≥ 2-year survivors of adult-onset cancer compared with matched (age, sex, and residential ZIP code) noncancer controls (n = 73,545) within a large integrated managed care organization...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
C G O'Leary, J E Battley, S O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: Anti-neuronal antibody Anti-Ri may be positive in patients with paraneoplastic syndrome associated with certain cancer subtypes. Anti-Ri positivity has been associated with breast, gynaecological and small cell lung cancers. CASE REPORT: A 69 year-old female presented with a sudden decline in cognition requiring hospital admission. She had an extensive medical history including a significant smoking history and bipolar affective disorder for which she was prescribed lithium...
February 1, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Vipula R Bataduwaarachchi, Nirmali Tissera
BACKGROUND: Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis is an uncommon association of common malignancies such as small cell lung carcinoma, testicular teratoma, and breast carcinoma. The nonspecific nature of the clinical presentation, lack of freely available diagnostic markers, and requirement for advanced imaging techniques pose a great challenge in the diagnosis of this disease in resource-poor settings. CARE PRESENTATION: A 64-year-old previously healthy Sri Lankan man was admitted to the general medical unit with subacute memory impairment regarding recent events that had occurred during the previous 3 weeks...
2016: BMC Medical Imaging
Szymon Zmorzyński, Grażyna Świderska-Kołacz, Dorota Koczkodaj, Agata Anna Filip
Antioxidant compounds such as glutathione and its enzymes have become the focus of attention of medical sciences. Glutathione, a specific tripeptide, is involved in many intercellular processes. The glutathione concentration is determined by the number of GAG repeats in gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase. GAG polymorphisms are associated with an increased risk of schizophrenia, berylliosis, diabetes, lung cancer, and nasopharyngeal tumors. Cancer cells with high glutathione concentration are resistant to chemotherapy treatment...
2015: BioMed Research International
Pedro Freire de Siqueira, Andréia Latanza Gomes Mathez, Denize Borges Pedretti, Julio Abucham
Metastasis to the pituitary gland is an unusual situation in clinical practice, but the frequency thereof is increasing due to the increased survival of cancer patients, and greater availability of imaging. In most cases, they are found between the sixth and seventh decades of life, as determined in image examination of patients with known malignant neoplasm, but, generally, asymptomatic with respect to pituitary involvement. The most common primary sites are breast in women and lung in men. We present the case of a 64-year-old patient with clinical visual changes, polyuria, polydipsia, and decreased level of consciousness whose tests showed pan-hypopituitarism, hypernatremia and low urine specific gravity, and extensive mass in sellar region...
December 2015: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Shan Wang, Xiaohe Zhu, Xian Zhao, Yang Lu, Zhifu Yang, Xiaoliang Qian, Weiwei Li, Lixiazi Ma, Huning Guo, Jingwen Wang, Aidong Wen
The aim of the study is to assess the feasibility of Drugs Rational Usage Guideline System (DRUGS)-supported clinical pathway (CP) for breast carcinoma, cataract, inguinal hernia and 2-diabetes mellitus whether the application of such a system could improve work efficiency, medical safety, and decrease hospital cost. Four kinds of diseases which included 1773 cases (where 901 cases using paper-based clinical pathways and 872 cases using DRUGS-supported clinical pathways) were selected and their demographic and clinical data were collected...
March 2016: Journal of Medical Systems
Pierre Burnier, Delphine Hudry, Leslie-Ann See, Alain Duvernay, Matthieu Roche, Catherine Loustalot, Narcisse Zwetyenga, Charles Coutant
PURPOSE: Mastectomy is necessary for 40% of the ductal carcinoma in situ. If immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) is systematically proposed, 81% of the patients would choose immediate versus delayed breast reconstruction, but the actual IBR rate is only approximately 50% of them. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify objective characteristics that distinguish the patients who actually underwent IBR from those who did not. METHODS: Several criteria of 248 patients who have undergone mastectomy for ductal carcinoma were analyzed...
January 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
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