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Breast carcinoma and diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926914/comorbidities-in-turkish-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-association-with-the-health-related-quality-of-life-in-terms-of-disease-activity-functional-and-radiological-status-severity-of-pain-and-social-and-emotional-functioning
#1
Yesim Garip, Filiz Eser, Hatice Bodur
AIMS: The aim of our study was to investigate the comorbidities in Turkish RA patients and evaluate the impact of comorbidities on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in terms of disease activity, functional and radiological status, severity of pain, and social and emotional functioning. METHODS: In a cross-sectional setting, a total of 160 RA patients who were admitted to our outpatient clinic between December 2013 and February 2014 were consecutively enrolled in the study...
November 23, 2016: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909899/obesity-and-risk-of-cancer-an-introductory-overview
#2
Tobias Pischon, Katharina Nimptsch
The prevalence of obesity has increased substantially in the past in almost all countries of the world, and a further increase is expected for the future. Besides the well-established effects on type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, there is convincing evidence today that obesity also increases the risk of several types of cancer, including colorectal cancer, postmenopausal breast cancer, endometrial cancer, renal cell carcinoma, esophageal adenocarcinoma, pancreatic cancer, and liver cancer. Obesity probably also increases the risk of ovarian cancer, advanced prostate cancer, gallbladder cancer, and gastric cardia cancer...
2016: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857467/isolated-eosinophilic-infiltration-of-the-breast
#3
Anushri Parakh, Jyoti Arora, Smita Srivastava, Ruchika K Goel
We report the eighth case of eosinophilic mastitis and the first one without an association with peripheral eosinophilia or systemic involvement. A 51-year-old diabetic presented with a painful right breast lump. The mammogram, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging suggested a diagnosis of periductal mastitis, however, a sinister etiology of breast carcinoma could not be ruled out. Diagnosis was made by vacuum assisted biopsy which revealed features of eosinophilic mastitis.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810787/pharmacological-importance-of-sulphated-polysaccharide-carrageenan-from-red-seaweed-kappaphycus-alvarezii-in-comparison-with-commercial-carrageenan
#4
Arumugampillai Manimehalai Suganya, Muthusamy Sanjivkumar, Manohar Navin Chandran, Arunachalam Palavesam, Grasian Immanuel
Pharmacological properties of native carrageenan (κ) extracted from Kappaphycus alvarezii and commercial carrageenan (Sigma-Aldrich) were evaluated using in vitro antioxidant, anticancer and antidiabetic studies. Phytochemical analysis of native and commercial carrageenans showed the presence of alkaloids, saponins, steroids, gums & mucilages and carbohydrate. Both native and commercial carrageenans exhibited better antioxidant activities such as total antioxidant capacity (87±0.47 and 82.6±0.47μg A.A/g), hydroxyl radical scavenging activity (61...
October 28, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771927/plumbagin-and-its-role-in-chronic-diseases
#5
Pharkphoom Panichayupakaranant, Md Iftekhar Ahmad
Plumbagin (5-hydroxy-2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone) is a plant-derived naphthoquinones obtained mainly from three families, including Plumbaginaceae, Droseraceae, and Ebenaceae. Plumbagin has exhibited its potential therapeutic benefits on numerous chronic diseases, i.e., breast cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, melanoma, ovarian, squamous cell carcinomas, pancreatic cancer, and prostate cancer. In addition, its anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activities as well as control of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases have been reported...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760202/type-2-diabetic-mellitus-is-a-risk-factor-for-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-a-1-2-matched-case-control-study
#6
Xing-Si Peng, Guo-Feng Xie, Wen-Ze Qiu, Yun-Hong Tian, Wei-Jun Zhang, Ka-Jia Cao
BACKGROUND: Diabetes has been identified as an adverse prognostic variable which associated with an increased mortality in various cancers, including colorectal, lung, and breast cancers. However, previous studies provided inconsistent results on the association between diabetes and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The main aim of this study was to investigate the associations between diabetes mellitus and the survival of NPC patients. METHODS: This study was designed as a 1:2 matched case-control study...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672108/first-in-human-phase-i-study-of-copanlisib-bay-80-6946-an-intravenous-pan-class-i-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-inhibitor-in-patients-with-advanced-solid-tumors-and-non-hodgkin-s-lymphomas
#7
A Patnaik, L J Appleman, A W Tolcher, K P Papadopoulos, M Beeram, D W Rasco, G J Weiss, J C Sachdev, M Chadha, M Fulk, S Ejadi, J M Mountz, M T Lotze, F G S Toledo, E Chu, M Jeffers, C Peña, C Xia, S Reif, I Genvresse, R K Ramanathan
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of copanlisib, a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor, in patients with advanced solid tumors or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Phase I dose-escalation study including patients with advanced solid tumors or NHL, and a cohort of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Patients received three weekly intravenous infusions of copanlisib per 28-day cycle over the dose range 0...
October 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671827/garcinol-and-its-role-in-chronic-diseases
#8
Amit K Behera, Mahadeva M Swamy, Nagashayana Natesh, Tapas K Kundu
The various bioactive compounds isolated from leaves and fruits of Garcinia sps plants, have been characterized and experimentally demonstrated to be anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer in nature. Garcinol, a polyisoprenylated benzophenone, obtained from plant Garcinia indica has been found to be an effective inhibitor of several key regulatory pathways (e.g., NF-kB, STAT3 etc.) in cancer cells, thereby being able to control malignant growth of solid tumours in vivo. Despite its high potential as an anti-neoplastic modulator of several cancer types such as head and neck cancer, breast cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, prostate cancer, colon cancer etc...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633123/hypophyseal-metastases-a-report-of-three-cases-and-literature-review
#9
Janez Ravnik, Tomaz Smigoc, Gorazd Bunc, Bostjan Lanisnik, Ursa Ksela, Maja Ravnik, Tomaz Velnar
Metastatic tumours to the pituitary gland are rare. The most frequent are metastases from breast and lung. We describe three patients with metastatic tumours: (I) a 54-year-old patient with metastatic renal clear-cell carcinoma and consequent disturbances in visual acuity, cranial nerve paresis and panhypopituitarism, (II) a 60-year-old patient with a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with panhypopituitarism and diabetes insipidus and (III) a 57-year-old patient with metastasis of breast cancer and panhypopituitarism, visual impairment and cranial nerve paresis...
September 4, 2016: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535497/docosahexaenoic-acid-acylated-phloridzin-a-novel-polyphenol-fatty-acid-ester-derivative-is-cytotoxic-to-breast-cancer-cells
#10
Wasundara Fernando, Melanie R Power Coombs, David W Hoskin, H P Vasantha Rupasinghe
Docosahexaenoic acid-acylated phloridzin (PZ-DHA), a novel polyphenol fatty acid ester derivative, was synthesized through a regioselective acylation reaction with the aim of increasing the bioactivity of phloridzin (PZ) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). In this study, PZ-DHA's cytotoxic activity was explored using in vitro and in vivo models of mammary carcinoma. PZ-DHA was selectively cytotoxic for mammary carcinoma (MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-468, 4T1, MCF-7 and T-47D) cells compared to non-malignant human mammary epithelial cells (HMEC and MCF-10A) and fibroblasts by MTS assay and Annexin-V-FLUOS/propidium iodide staining...
October 2016: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503685/nature-inspired-design-of-tetraindoles-optimization-of-the-core-structure-and-evaluation-of-structure-activity-relationship
#11
Hajjaj H M Abdu-Allah, Shih-Ting Huang, Tzu Ting Chang, Chia-Ling Chen, Han-Chung Wu, Wen-Shan Li
Building on the initial successful optimization of a novel series of tetraindoles, a second generation of the compounds with changes in the core phenyl ring was synthesized to improve anticancer properties. 17 new compounds with different rigidity, planarity, symmetry and degree of conjugation of their core structures to 5-hydroxyindole units were synthesized. All the compounds were fully characterized and tested against breast cancer cell line (MDA-MB-231). The results revealed that the core structure is required for activity and it should be aromatic, rigid, planar, symmetrical and conjugated for optimal activity...
September 15, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27352956/consumption-of-fresh-yellow-onion-ameliorates-hyperglycemia-and-insulin-resistance-in-breast-cancer-patients-during-doxorubicin-based-chemotherapy-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#12
Farnaz Jafarpour-Sadegh, Vahid Montazeri, Ali Adili, Ali Esfehani, Mohammad-Reza Rashidi, Saeed Pirouzpanah
Purpose Doxorubicin has been found to be associated with insulin resistance in animal models. Onion, a so-called functional food, is noted to affect the insulin signaling pathway of diabetes in vitro To our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the effects of consuming fresh yellow onions on insulin-related indices compared with a low-onion-containing diet among breast cancer (BC) patients treated with doxorubicin. Methods This parallel-design, randomized, triple-blind, controlled clinical trial was conducted on 56 eligible BC patients (aged 30-63 years), diagnosed with invasive ductal carcinoma...
June 28, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27312587/cullin-1-promotes-cell-proliferation-in-human-breast-cancer-and-is-related-to-diabetes
#13
Yun-Hai Zhou, Jiazeng Xia, Wen-Huan Xu, Xiqi Zhu, Xiao-Hong Wu, Dong Hua, Chungen Xing
AIM: Breast carcinoma (BCA) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are two major health problems in women and the general population. Cullin-1 is reported to be an important tumor-related protein involved in cell-cycle progression, signal transduction and transcription. The aim of this work is to investigate the role of Cullin-1 in the development of BCA and to find potential relationships between Cullin-1 and diabetes in BCA patients. METHODS: To evaluate the function of Cullin-1, we entered 168 patients with primary invasive BCA in this study...
June 11, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257115/time-dependent-risk-of-cancer-after-a-diabetes-diagnosis-in-a-cohort-of-2-3-million-adults
#14
Rachel Dankner, Paolo Boffetta, Ran D Balicer, Lital Keinan Boker, Maya Sadeh, Alla Berlin, Liraz Olmer, Margalit Goldfracht, Laurence S Freedman
Using a time-dependent approach, we investigated all-site and site-specific cancer incidence in a large population stratified by diabetes status. The study analyzed a closed cohort comprised of Israelis aged 21-89 years, enrolled in a health fund, and followed from 2002 to 2012. Adjusting for age, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status, we calculated hazard ratios for cancer incidence using Cox regression separately for participants with prevalent and incident diabetes; the latter was further divided by time since diabetes diagnosis...
June 15, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27234767/prognosis-of-kidney-transplant-recipients-with-pretransplantation-malignancy-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#15
H-F Chiu, M-C Chung, C-J Chung, T-M Yu, K-H Shu, M-J Wu
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the prognosis of kidney transplant recipients with pretransplantation malignancy and the incidence of recurrent malignancy in kidney transplant recipients using claims data from Taiwan's universal health insurance program. METHOD: A total of 4350 transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. The rates of pretransplantation or recurrent malignancy, which was defined by their inclusion in the catastrophic illness patient registry using the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, were evaluated...
April 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27051818/giant-acquired-reactive-perforating-collagenosis-in-a-patient-with-diabetes-mellitus-and-metastatic-breast-carcinoma
#16
Randie H Kim, Maryann Kwa, Sylvia Adams, Shane A Meehan, Jennifer A Stein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: JAAD Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27029715/is-contrast-enhanced-spectral-mammography-cesm-helpful-in%C3%A2-differentiating-diabetic-mastopathy-from-breast-carcinoma
#17
María Del Mar Travieso Aja, Gloria Santana López, Mario Rodríguez Rodríguez, Octavio P Luzardo
Diabetic mastopathy (DM) is a rare benign inflammatory disease of the breast, which nevertheless gives suspicious image of malignancy by breast ultrasound and mammography. MRI studies of this disease have indicated both nonspecific enhancement and non-enhancement of the lesion, depending on its degree of lymphocytic infiltration. This is the first case report discussing the appearances of DM on CESM, a novel mammographic technique.
March 30, 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26834065/cardiovascular-disease-among-survivors-of-adult-onset-cancer-a-community-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Saro H Armenian, Lanfang Xu, Bonnie Ky, Canlan Sun, Leonardo T Farol, Sumanta Kumar Pal, Pamela S Douglas, Smita Bhatia, Chun Chao
PURPOSE: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), including ischemic heart disease, stroke, and heart failure, are well-established late effects of therapy in survivors of childhood and young adult (< 40 years at diagnosis) cancers; less is known regarding CVD in long-term survivors of adult-onset (≥ 40 years) cancer. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study design was used to describe the magnitude of CVD risk in 36,232 ≥ 2-year survivors of adult-onset cancer compared with matched (age, sex, and residential ZIP code) noncancer controls (n = 73,545) within a large integrated managed care organization...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26833486/anti-ri-antibody-associated-small-cell-lung-carcinoma
#19
C G O'Leary, J E Battley, S O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: Anti-neuronal antibody Anti-Ri may be positive in patients with paraneoplastic syndrome associated with certain cancer subtypes. Anti-Ri positivity has been associated with breast, gynaecological and small cell lung cancers. CASE REPORT: A 69 year-old female presented with a sudden decline in cognition requiring hospital admission. She had an extensive medical history including a significant smoking history and bipolar affective disorder for which she was prescribed lithium...
February 1, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26782815/paraneoplastic-limbic-encephalitis-with-associated-hypothalamitis-mimicking-a-hyperdense-hypothalamic-tumor-a-case-report
#20
Vipula R Bataduwaarachchi, Nirmali Tissera
BACKGROUND: Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis is an uncommon association of common malignancies such as small cell lung carcinoma, testicular teratoma, and breast carcinoma. The nonspecific nature of the clinical presentation, lack of freely available diagnostic markers, and requirement for advanced imaging techniques pose a great challenge in the diagnosis of this disease in resource-poor settings. CARE PRESENTATION: A 64-year-old previously healthy Sri Lankan man was admitted to the general medical unit with subacute memory impairment regarding recent events that had occurred during the previous 3 weeks...
January 18, 2016: BMC Medical Imaging
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