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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100436/incidence-of-breast-cancer-in-women-with-type-2-diabetes
#1
Talha Khan Burki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096512/papers-of-note-in-science-translational-medicine-9-372
#2
Leslie K Ferrarelli
This week's papers describe new therapeutic avenues to kill tumor-initiating cells in breast, ovarian, and lung cancer patients; mitigate graft-versus-host disease after hematopoietic cell transplants in leukemia patients; and stimulate bone healing in diabetic patients.
January 17, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092529/sub-category-classifiers-for-multiple-instance-learning-and-its-application-to-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-visibility-classification
#3
Siyamalan Manivannan, Caroline Cobb, Stephen Burgess, Emanuele Trucco
We propose a novel multiple instance learning method to assess the visibility (visible/not visible) of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) in fundus camera images. Using only image-level labels, our approach learns to classify the images as well as to localize the RNFL visible regions. We transform the original feature space to a discriminative subspace, and learn a region-level classifier in that subspace. We propose a margin-based loss function to jointly learn this subspace and the region-level classifier...
January 16, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087608/diabetes-abnormal-glucose-dyslipidemia-hypertension-and-risk-of-inflammatory-and-other-breast-cancer
#4
Catherine Schairer, Shahinaz M Gadalla, Ruth M Pfeiffer, Steven C Moore, Eric A Engels
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been associated with substantially higher risk of inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) than other breast cancer. Here, we assess whether comorbidities of obesity, namely diabetes, abnormal glucose, dyslipidemia, and hypertension, are differentially related to risk of inflammatory breast cancer and other breast cancers by tumor stage at diagnosis (localized/regional/distant/unstaged). METHODS: We used linked SEER-Medicare data, with female breast cancer cases aged 66+ years identified by SEER registries (years 1992-2011)...
January 13, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087607/type-2-diabetes-obesity-and-breast-cancer-risk-the-multiethnic-cohort
#5
Gertraud Maskarinec, Simone Jacobs, Song-Yi Park, Christopher A Haiman, Veronica Wendy Setiawan, Lynne R Wilkens, Loic Le Marchand
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been more consistently associated with breast cancer than type 2 diabetes (T2D). This analysis examined the combination of the two factors in the Multiethnic Cohort (MEC). METHODS: Women aged 45-75 years entered the MEC in 1993-1996 by completing a questionnaire. T2D status was self-reported at baseline, two follow-up questionnaires, and confirmed by administrative data. Cancers were identified from tumor registries and deaths through vital records until 2010...
January 13, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076434/diabetes-and-breast-cancer-subtypes
#6
Heleen K Bronsveld, Vibeke Jensen, Pernille Vahl, Marie L De Bruin, Sten Cornelissen, Joyce Sanders, Anssi Auvinen, Jari Haukka, Morten Andersen, Peter Vestergaard, Marjanka K Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Women with diabetes have a worse survival after breast cancer diagnosis compared to women without diabetes. This may be due to a different etiological profile, leading to the development of more aggressive breast cancer subtypes. Our aim was to investigate whether insulin and non-insulin treated women with diabetes develop specific clinicopathological breast cancer subtypes compared to women without diabetes. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This cross-sectional study included randomly selected patients with invasive breast cancer diagnosed in 2000-2010...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070828/hypofractionated-stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-pituitary-metastases
#7
Haemin Chon, KyoungJun Yoon, Do Hoon Kwon, Chang Jin Kim, Min-Seon Kim, Young Hyun Cho
Pituitary metastases (PMs) are uncommon, representing only 1% of pituitary lesions. The diagnosis of PMs can be challenging and an optimal management remains to be determined. Here, we present a pilot clinical study on the efficacy and safety of hypofractionated stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) with an optimized dosimetric plan in treating PMs. Between June 2013 and December 2014, seven consecutive patients (4 men and 3 women; median age 62 years) had been diagnosed with PMs based on their characteristic clinical and radiological features and subsequently treated using hypofractionated SRS...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060868/non-communicable-disease-preventive-screening-by-hiv-care-model
#8
Corinne M Rhodes, Yuchiao Chang, Susan Regan, Virginia A Triant
IMPORTANCE: The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) epidemic has evolved, with an increasing non-communicable disease (NCD) burden emerging and need for long-term management, yet there are limited data to help delineate the optimal care model to screen for NCDs for this patient population. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim was to compare rates of NCD preventive screening in persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) by type of HIV care model, focusing on metabolic/cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer screening...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054496/tailoring-exercise-interventions-to-comorbidities-and-treatment-induced-adverse-effects-in-patients-with-early-stage-breast-cancer-undergoing-chemotherapy-a-framework-to-support-clinical-decisions
#9
Marike van der Leeden, Rosalie J Huijsmans, Edwin Geleijn, Mariëtte de Rooij, Inge R Konings, Laurien M Buffart, Joost Dekker, Martijn M Stuiver
PURPOSE: Delivery of exercise interventions to patients with early-stage breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy requires complex clinical decisions. The purpose of this study was to develop a framework to support clinical decisions for tailoring exercise interventions to common comorbidities and cancer treatment-induced adverse effects. METHOD: Tailored exercise prescriptions were developed in four steps, following the i3-S strategy. All steps were based on current best available evidence, complemented with expert opinions...
January 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044054/pituitary-metastasis-from-renal-cell-carcinoma-description-of-a-case-report
#10
Chloé Wendel, Marco Campitiello, Francesca Plastino, Nada Eid, Laurent Hennequin, Philippe Quétin, Raffaele Longo
BACKGROUND Pituitary metastasis is uncommon, breast and lung cancers being the most frequent primary tumors. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a rare cause of pituitary metastases, with only a few cases described to date. CASE REPORT We report a case of a 61-year-old man who presented with a progressive deterioration of visual acuity and field associated with a bitemporal hemianopsia. Two years ago, he underwent radical right nephrectomy for a clear cell RCC (ccRCC). The biological tests showed pan-hypopituitarism and diabetes insipidus...
January 3, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042775/inhibition-of-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-response-to-treatment-with-metformin-and-y27632-in-breast-cancer-cell-lines
#11
Camila Leonel, Lívia Carvalho Ferreira, Thaiz Ferraz Borin, Marina Gobbe Moschetta, Gabriela Scavacini Freitas, Michel Raineri Haddad, João Antonio de Camargos Pinto Robles, Debora Aparecida Pires de Campos Zuccari
BACKGROUND: ROCK-1 expression is associated with the malignant character of tumors, while inhibiting this molecule results in a significant suppression of tumor metastasis. Likewise, transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) is associated with this malignancy by having the ability to induce epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Metformin, a drug used in the treatment of diabetes, has previously been shown to inhibit EMT in breast cancer cells. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the TGF-β1 action model for induction of EMT and the action of metformin and ROCK-1 inhibitor (Y27632) in EMT process in breast cancer cell lines...
January 2, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038446/heparanase-augments-insulin-receptor-signaling-in-breast-carcinoma
#12
Rachel Goldberg, Amir Sonnenblick, Esther Hermano, Tamar Hamburger, Amichay Meirovitz, Tamar Peretz, Michael Elkin
Recently, growing interest in the potential link between metabolic disorders (i.e., diabetes, obesity, metabolic syndrome) and breast cancer has mounted, including studies which indicate that diabetic/hyperinsulinemic women have a significantly higher risk of bearing breast tumors that are more aggressive and associated with higher death rates. Insulin signaling is regarded as a major contributor to this phenomenon; much less is known about the role of heparan sulfate-degrading enzyme heparanase in the link between metabolic disorders and cancer...
December 27, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035489/the-association-between-a-history-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-future-risk-for-female-malignancies
#13
Oded Fuchs, Eyal Sheiner, Mihai Meirovitz, Ehud Davidson, Ruslan Sergienko, Roy Kessous
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether patients with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have an increased future risk for female malignancies. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based study compared the incidence of long-term female malignancies (ovary, uterine, breast, and uterine cervix) in a cohort of women with and without a diagnosis of GDM. Deliveries occurred between the years 1988-2013, with a mean follow-up duration of 12 years. Women with known malignancies prior to the index pregnancy were excluded...
December 29, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034409/visualizing-the-knowledge-structure-and-evolution-of-big-data-research-in-healthcare-informatics
#14
REVIEW
Dongxiao Gu, Jingjing Li, Xingguo Li, Changyong Liang
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the literature associated with healthcare big data has grown rapidly, but few studies have used bibliometrics and a visualization approach to conduct deep mining and reveal a panorama of the healthcare big data field. METHODS: To explore the foundational knowledge and research hotspots of big data research in the field of healthcare informatics, this study conducted a series of bibliometric analyses on the related literature, including papers' production trends in the field and the trend of each paper's co-author number, the distribution of core institutions and countries, the core literature distribution, the related information of prolific authors and innovation paths in the field, a keyword co-occurrence analysis, and research hotspots and trends for the future...
February 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029315/left-ventricular-dysfunction-with-trastuzumab-therapy-is-primary-prevention-the-best-option
#15
Paaladinesh Thavendiranathan, Eitan Amir
The Oncology Grand Rounds series is designed to place original reports published in the Journal into clinical context. A case presentation is followed by a description of diagnostic and management challenges, a review of the relevant literature, and a summary of the authors' suggested management approaches. The goal of this series is to help readers better understand how to apply the results of key studies, including those published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, to patients seen in their own clinical practice...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012130/accumulation-of-the-advanced-glycation-end-product-carboxymethyl-lysine-in-breast-cancer-is-positively-associated-with-estrogen-receptor-expression-and-unfavorable-prognosis-in-estrogen-receptor-negative-cases
#16
Norbert Nass, Atanas Ignatov, Ludwig Andreas, Christine Weißenborn, Thomas Kalinski, Saadettin Sel
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) accumulate as a result of high concentrations of reactive aldehydes, oxidative stress, and insufficient degradation of glycated proteins. AGEs are therefore accepted biomarkers for aging, diabetes, and several degenerative diseases. Due to the Warburg effect and increased oxidative stress, cancer cells frequently accumulate significant amounts of AGEs. As the accumulation of AGEs may reflect the metabolic state and receptor signaling, we evaluated the potential prognostic and predictive value of this biomarker...
December 23, 2016: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004224/antioxidant-and-antiproliferative-effects-of-different-solvent-fractions-from-terminalia-belerica-roxb-fruit-on-various-cancer-cells
#17
Tapasree Basu, Sourav Panja, Nikhil Baban Ghate, Dipankar Chaudhuri, Nripendranath Mandal
Terminalia belerica Roxb. fruits have been previously reported against diabetes, ulcer, microbial problems and hepatotoxicity. The present study was aimed to investigate antioxidant and anticancer potential of sequentially fractionated hexane (TBHE), chloroform (TBCE), ethyl acetate (TBEE), butanol (TBBE) and water (TBWE) extracts from the 70% methanolic extract of T. belerica fruits. TBCE, TBEE, TBBE and TBWE showed excellent ROS (reactive oxygen species) and RNS (reactive nitrogen species) scavenging activities which was investigated using 11 different assays for various free radicals...
December 21, 2016: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002423/elevated-serum-levels-of-retinol-binding-protein-4-are-associated-with-breast-cancer-risk-a-case-control-study
#18
Congcong Jiao, Lianhua Cui, Aiguo Ma, Na Li, Hongzong Si
BACKGROUND: Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) is a recently identified adipokine that is elevated in patients with obesity or type 2 diabetes. A growing body of research has shown that RBP4 is associated with several types of cancer. However, no studies have investigated the relationship between serum RBP4 levels and breast cancer risk. We performed a case-control study to evaluate the association between serum RBP4 levels and the risk of breast cancer. METHODS: From August 2012 to December 2013, four-hundred subjects including 200 patients diagnosed with primary breast cancer and 200 matched healthy women were consecutively enrolled from Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University Medical College...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998044/primary-care-screening-and-management-of-comorbidity-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-ontario-canada
#19
Jessica Widdifield, Noah M Ivers, Sasha Bernatsky, R Liisa Jaakkimainen, Claire Bombardier, J Carter Thorne, Vandana Ahluwalia, J Michael Paterson, Jacqueline Young, Laura Wing, Karen Tu
OBJECTIVE: Quality measurement for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients has largely focused on care provided by rheumatologists. Our aim was to develop and assess quality measures related to the screening and management of comorbidity in RA patients in primary care. METHODS: We used the primary care Electronic Medical Record Administrative data Linked Database in Ontario, Canada. We harmonized Canadian general population and RA clinical recommendations to develop and assess screening, process, and outcome measures...
December 20, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995352/diabetes-and-breast-cancer-mortality-in-black-women
#20
Marjory Charlot, Nelsy Castro-Webb, Traci N Bethea, Kimberly Bertrand, Deborah A Boggs, Gerald V Denis, Lucile L Adams-Campbell, Lynn Rosenberg, Julie R Palmer
PURPOSE: Breast cancer mortality is higher in Black women than in White women. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus is also higher, yet data on whether diabetes affects breast cancer mortality in this population are lacking. We investigated the relation of diabetes at the time of breast cancer diagnosis to breast cancer mortality in the Black Women's Health Study, a prospective cohort study. METHODS: 1,621 Black women with invasive breast cancer diagnosed in 1995-2013 were followed by mailed questionnaires and searches of the National Death Index...
January 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
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