keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

pulmonary evaluation perioperative

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817978/transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-tens-as-an-adjunct-for-pain-management-in-perioperative-settings-a-critical-review
#1
Mark I Johnson
Surgical procedures are ever more complex. Day-case surgical loads are increasing and the length of hospital stays are reducing. Management of pain in perioperative settings remains a challenge. Expert panels recommend a multimodal approach which is often interpreted by medical practitioners as polypharmacy. There is variability in non-pharmacological interventions offered to patients, although transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) has been used since the 1970s. Recommendations from expert panels are inconsistent about the use of TENS in perioperative pain settings...
August 18, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811988/effect-of-preoperative-anemia-on-the-outcomes-of-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#2
Kevin Phan, Nelson Wang, Jun S Kim, Parth Kothari, Nathan J Lee, Joshua Xu, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: Preoperative anemia has been associated with an increased need for blood transfusions and postoperative complications. The effects of anemia on the outcomes of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) have not been explored. The present study aimed to evaluate the association between preoperative anemia and 30-day complications following ACDF surgery. METHODS: Data from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (2005-2012) was used...
August 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810091/preoperative-chest-radiography-in-elective-surgery-review-and-update
#3
Ethan M Young, Joel D Farmer
INTRODUCTION: The preoperative evaluation is designed to identify factors that may predispose a patient to perioperative complications in an effort to ensure patient safety. The use of chest radiography in the preoperative evaluation has progressed from routine testing to a more selective approach based on evidence that routine testing is low yield. However, preoperative chest radiography (POCR) may still be utilized more frequently than necessary as guidelines provide varying recommendations and providers continue to order the test by convention...
February 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801820/lymph-node-evaluation-in-robot-assisted-versus-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-propensity-matched-analysis
#4
Yin-Kai Chao, Ming-Ju Hsieh, Yun-Hen Liu, Hui-Ping Liu
OBJECTIVE: Radical lymph node dissection (LND) along the bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) is a surgically challenging procedure with a high rate of morbidity. Here, we assessed in a retrospective manner the adequacy of LND along the RLN performed with robot-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy (RATE) versus video-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy (VATE) in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective, propensity-matched study...
August 11, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801217/evaluation-of-unplanned-hospital-readmissions-after-major-urologic-inpatient-surgery-in-the-era-of-accountable-care
#5
Benjamin V Stone, Matthew R Cohn, Nicholas M Donin, Michael Schulster, James S Wysock, Danil V Makarov, Marc A Bjurlin
OBJECTIVE: To provide a multi-institutional analysis of clinical factors predicting unplanned hospital readmission after major inpatient urologic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) is a risk-adjusted data collection mechanism for analyzing clinical outcomes data including 30-day perioperative readmissions and complications. We identified 23,108 patients who underwent major inpatient urologic surgery from 2011 to 2012...
August 8, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797751/outcomes-of-cancer-surgery-after-inhalational-and-intravenous-anesthesia-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Sinor Soltanizadeh, Thea H Degett, Ismail Gögenur
Perioperative factors are probably essential for different oncological outcomes. This systematic review investigates the literature concerning overall mortality and postoperative complications after cancer surgery with inhalational (INHA) and intravenous anesthesia (TIVA). A search was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines, including studies with patients undergoing surgery for cancer and where TIVA was compared with INHA. Two investigators identified relevant papers in the databases: PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793822/dose-response-head-to-head-comparison-of-inodilators-dobutamine-milrinone-and-levosimendan-in-chronic-experimental-pulmonary-hypertension
#7
Marta Tavares-Silva, Mohamed Alaa, Sara Leite, José Oliveira-Pinto, Lucas Lopes, Adelino F Leite-Moreira, André P Lourenço
The choice of inodilator drug in the acute management of patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) having right ventricular (RV) failure remains unsettled and challenging. Comprehensive experimental evaluations may provide further insight and fundamental translational research clues to support inodilator selection and clinical trial design. Our aim was to compare acute dose-response hemodynamic effects of inodilators dobutamine (DOB), milrinone (MIL), and levosimendan (LEV) in chronic experimental PH. Seven-week-old male Wistar rats were randomly injected with 60 mg·kg(-1) monocrotaline (MCT) or vehicle (Ctrl, n = 7) and underwent systemic and pulmonary artery (PA) pressure and RV pressure-volume (PV) hemodynamic evaluation under halogenate anesthesia 24 to 30 days after injection...
September 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790288/-management-of-pulmonary-thromboembolism
#8
Taijiro Mishina, Masahiro Miyajima, Atsushi Watanabe
Pulmonary thromboembolism is a fatal perioperative complication in general thoracic surgery. There is a report on its incidence of 2.68 cases out of 10,000 general thoracic surgeries. To prevent pulmonary thromboembolism, risk evaluation of an individual case and steady implementation of recommended preventive techiques are required. Because of the prevalence of guidelines for prevention, the incidence of pulmonary thromboembolism in the perioperative period is reducing. However, maximum prevention of deep vein thrombosis(DVT), which can lead to pulmonary thromboembolism, is impossible even if preventive measures are strictly implemented in the perioperative period...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790280/-perioperative-management-of-patients-with-pulmonary-comorbidities-undergoing-lung-resection
#9
Sumiko Maeda
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and interstitial lung disease (ILD) are 2 major pulmonary comorbidities of primary lung cancer patients. The COPD patients are at risk for respiratory failure after a major lung resection when lung resection exceeds the patient's pulmonary reserve. It is important to assess a postoperative risk based on the patient's cardiopulmonary function. Cardiac risks are initially evaluated for all the candidates for lung resection, then, ppoFEV1% and ppoDLco% are calculated...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763154/best-practices-in-peri-operative-management-of-patients-with-skeletal-dysplasias
#10
Klane K White, Viviana Bompadre, Michael J Goldberg, Michael B Bober, Tae-Joon Cho, Julie E Hoover-Fong, Melita Irving, William G Mackenzie, Shawn E Kamps, Cathleen Raggio, Gregory J Redding, Samantha S Spencer, Ravi Savarirayan, Mary C Theroux
Patients with skeletal dysplasia frequently require surgery. This patient population has an increased risk for peri-operative complications related to the anatomy of their upper airway, abnormalities of tracheal-bronchial morphology and function; deformity of their chest wall; abnormal mobility of their upper cervical spine; and associated issues with general health and body habitus. Utilizing evidence analysis and expert opinion, this study aims to describe best practices regarding the peri-operative management of patients with skeletal dysplasia...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757912/lung-protective-ventilation-strategies-for-relief-from-ventilator-associated-lung-injury-in-patients-undergoing-craniotomy-a-bicenter-randomized-parallel-and-controlled-trial
#11
Chaoliang Tang, Juan Li, Shaoqing Lei, Bo Zhao, Zhetao Zhang, Wenting Huang, Si Shi, Xiaoqing Chai, Chaoshi Niu, Zhongyuan Xia
Current evidence indicates that conventional mechanical ventilation often leads to lung inflammatory response and oxidative stress, while lung-protective ventilation (LPV) minimizes the risk of ventilator-associated lung injury (VALI). This study evaluated the effects of LPV on relief of pulmonary injury, inflammatory response, and oxidative stress among patients undergoing craniotomy. Sixty patients undergoing craniotomy received either conventional mechanical (12 mL/kg tidal volume [VT] and 0 cm H2O positive end-expiratory pressure [PEEP]; CV group) or protective lung (6 mL/kg VT and 10 cm H2O PEEP; PV group) ventilation...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755257/two-way-interaction-effects-of-perioperative-complications-on-30-day-mortality-in-general-surgery
#12
Minjae Kim, Guohua Li
BACKGROUND: Multiple perioperative complications increase mortality risk, and certain complications synergistically increase this risk to a greater degree than might be expected if the complications were independent, but these effects are not well established. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 422,827 intraabdominal general surgery patients (American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program 2005-2011). Eight complications were evaluated: acute respiratory failure (ARF), acute kidney injury (AKI), sepsis/septic shock, stroke, cardiac arrest (CA), myocardial infarction (MI), deep vein thrombosis/pulmonary embolus, and transfusion...
July 28, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740672/effectiveness-of-perioperative-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-thoracic-surgery
#13
Attila Vagvolgyi, Zsolt Rozgonyi, Maria Kerti, Paul Vadasz, Janos Varga
BACKGROUND: Functional condition is crucial for operability of patients with lung cancer and/or chronic respiratory diseases. The aim of the study was to measure changes of functional and quality of life parameters in terms of the effectiveness of perioperative pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). METHODS: A total of 208 COPD patients (age: 63±9 years, man/woman: 114/94, FEV1: 62±14%pred) participated in a perioperative PR program. The indication was primary lung cancer in 72% of the patients...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740669/impact-of-thoracic-surgery-on-esophageal-motor-function-evaluation-by-high-resolution-manometry
#14
Anja Wäsche, Arne Kandulski, Peter Malfertheiner, Sandra Riedel, Patrick Zardo, Thomas Hachenberg, Jens Schreiber
BACKGROUND: Alteration of esophageal function is a potential risk factor for postoperative complications in thoracic surgery. This prospective study investigates esophageal motility and function during and after thoracic procedures via high resolution manometry (HRM) and impedance technology with spatiotemporal representation of pressure data. METHODS: Twelve consecutive patients eligible for elective thoracic surgery underwent preoperative and postoperative (48 hours and 7 days) esophageal HRM...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740625/pulmonary-valve-replacement-in-patients-with-corrected-tetralogy-of-fallot
#15
Fotios M Mitropoulos, Meletios A Kanakis, Christos Ntellos, Constantinos Loukas, Periklis Davlouros, Theophili Kousi, Andrew C Chatzis
Introduction: Development of pulmonary insufficiency in patients with surgically corrected tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) may lead to severe right heart failure with serious consequences. We herein present our experience with pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) in these patients. Methods: From 2005-2013, 99 consecutive patients (71 males/28 females, mean age 38±8 years), underwent PVR after 7 to 40 (mean 29 ± 8) years from the initial correction. Seventy nine of the symptomatic patients presented in NYHA II, 14 in III and 2 in IV...
2017: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728273/-a-retrospective-study-of-the-perioperative-complications-following-whole-lung-lavage-in-the-treatment-of-pulmonary-alveolar-proteinosis
#16
Z Q Zhou, W L Guo, Y Chen, C H Zhong, S Y Li
Objective: To evaluate the safety of the procedures of whole lung lavage(WLL) for pulmonary alveolar proteinosis(PAP) in perioperative period. Methods: In this retrospective study, we collected clinical data from 78 WLL procedures of PAP patients from January 2006 to June 2016 in Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Disease. The causes of perioperative complications were analyzed. Results: Eighteen (23.07%) of the 78 procedures developed complications, including pleural effusion(n=4), pneumonia(n=4), cardiac failure(n=2), cardiac arrhythmia (n=2), pneumothorax(n=2), atelectasis(n=1), lung edema(n=1), laryngeal edema(n=1), pleural effusion and pneumonia(n=1)...
July 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709876/is-cure-possible-after-sequential-resection-of-hepatic-and-pulmonary-metastases-from-colorectal-cancer
#17
Muthukumarassamy Rajakannu, Pierre Magdeleinat, Eric Vibert, Oriana Ciacio, Gabriella Pittau, Pasquale Innominato, Antonio SaCunha, Daniel Cherqui, Jean-François Morère, Denis Castaing, René Adam
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection is an established therapeutic strategy for colorectal cancer (CRC) metastasis. However, controversies exist when CRC liver and lung metastases (CLLMs) are found concomitantly or when recurrence develops after either liver or lung resection. No predictive score model is available to risk stratify these patients in preparation for surgery, and cure has not yet been reported. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All consecutive patients who had undergone surgery for CLLMs at our institution during a 20-year period were reviewed...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695560/minimally-invasive-extracorporeal-circulation-excellent-outcome-and-life-expectancy-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-surgery
#18
Bernhard Winkler, Paul Philipp Heinisch, Grzegorz Zuk, Katarzyna Zuk, Brigitta Gahl, Hans-Jörg Jenni, Alexander Kadner, Christoph Huber, Thierry Carrel
OBJECTIVE: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains the gold standard for complex revascularisation in multivessel disease. The concept of the minimally invasive extracorporeal circulation circuit (MiECC) was introduced to minimise pathophysiological side effects of conventional extracorporeal circulation. This study presents early and long-term outcomes after CABG with use of MiECC in a single-centre consecutive patient cohort. METHODS: From 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2010, 2130 patients underwent isolated CABG with MiECC at our centre...
July 11, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689950/an-accumulated-deficits-model-predicts-perioperative-and-long-term-adverse-events-after-carotid-endarterectomy
#19
Natalie D Sridharan, Rabih A Chaer, Bryan Boyuan Wu, Mohammad H Eslami, Michel S Makaroun, Efthymios D Avgerinos
OBJECTIVE: There is increasing recognition that decreased reserve in multiple organ systems, known as accumulated deficits, may better stratify perioperative risk than traditional risk indices. We hypothesized that an AD model would predict both perioperative adverse events and long-term survival after carotid endarterectomy (CEA), particularly important in asymptomatic patients. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing CEA between 1/1/2000 and 12/31/2010 were retrospectively identified...
July 6, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685209/surgical-strategies-in-true-adenocarcinoma-of-the-esophagogastric-junction-aeg-ii-thoracoabdominal-or-abdominal-approach
#20
Susanne Blank, Thomas Schmidt, Patrick Heger, Moritz J Strowitzki, Leila Sisic, Ulrike Heger, Henrik Nienhueser, Georg Martin Haag, Thomas Bruckner, André L Mihaljevic, Katja Ott, Markus W Büchler, Alexis Ulrich
BACKGROUND: The optimal surgical approach for adenocarcinoma directly at the esophagogastric junction (AEG II) is still under debate. This study aims to evaluate the differences between right thoracoabdominal esophagectomy (TAE) (Ivor-Lewis operation) and transhiatal extended gastrectomy (THG) for AEG II. METHODS: From a prospective database, 242 patients with AEG II (TAE, n = 56; THG, n = 186) were included and analyzed according to characteristics and perioperative morbidity and mortality and overall survival (chi-square, Mann-Whitney U, log-rank, Cox regression)...
July 6, 2017: Gastric Cancer
keyword
keyword
33082
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"