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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918334/challenges-of-anesthesia-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-access-to-safe-obstetric-anesthesia-in-east-africa
#1
Isabella Epiu, Jossy Verel Bahe Tindimwebwa, Cephas Mijumbi, Thomas M Chokwe, Edwin Lugazia, Francois Ndarugirire, Theogene Twagirumugabe, Gerald Dubowitz
BACKGROUND: The United Nations 2015 Millennium Development Goals targeted a 75% reduction in maternal mortality. However, in spite of this goal, the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births remains unacceptably high across Sub-Saharan Africa. Because many of these deaths could likely be averted with access to safe surgery, including cesarean delivery, we set out to assess the capacity to provide safe anesthetic care for mothers in the main referral hospitals in East Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at 5 main referral hospitals in East Africa: Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, and Burundi...
December 1, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905017/an-evaluation-of-preparedness-delivery-and-impact-of-surgical-and-anesthesia-care-in-madagascar-a-framework-for-a-national-surgical-plan
#2
Emily Bruno, Michelle C White, Linden S Baxter, Vaonandianina Agnès Ravelojaona, Hasiniaina Narindria Rakotoarison, Hery Harimanitra Andriamanjato, Kristin L Close, Alison Herbert, Nakul Raykar, Saurabh Saluja, Mark G Shrime
BACKGROUND: The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery (LCoGS) described the lack of access to safe, affordable, timely surgical, and anesthesia care. It proposed a series of 6 indicators to measure surgery, accompanied by time-bound targets and a template for national surgical planning. To date, no sub-Saharan African country has completed and published a nationwide evaluation of its surgical system within this framework. METHOD: Mercy Ships, in partnership with Harvard Medical School and the Madagascar Ministry of Health, collected data on the 6 indicators from 22 referral hospitals in 16 out of 22 regions of Madagascar...
November 30, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890315/global-surgery-a-view-from-the-south
#3
REVIEW
Nobhojit Roy
: This article is based on the Hugh Greenwood Lecture delivered at the 2016 Congress of the British Association of Paediatric Surgeons. It presents the view of the global surgery movement from the bottom of the surgical food chain and proposes what HICs (high-income countries) can do for global surgery in a coordinated fashion. From the LMIC (low- and middle-income countries) surgeon perspective, global surgery is transitioning from the charity-based surgery model to codevelopment with multiple stakeholders...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834523/nursing-the-critically-ill-surgical-patient-in-zambia
#4
Chris Carter, David Snell
Critical illness in the developing world is a substantial burden for individuals, families, communities and healthcare services. The management of these patients will depend on the resources available. Simple conditions such as a fractured leg or a strangulated hernia can have devastating effects on individuals, families and communities. The recent Lancet Commission on Global Surgery and the World Health Organization promise to strengthen emergency and essential care will increase the focus on surgical services within the developing world...
November 10, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798988/global-surgery-for-pediatric-hydrocephalus-in-the-developing-world-a-review-of-the-history-challenges-and-future-directions
#5
Ryan T Muir, Shelly Wang, Benjamin C Warf
OBJECTIVE Pediatric hydrocephalus is one of the most common neurosurgical conditions and is a major contributor to the global burden of surgically treatable diseases. Significant health disparities exist for the treatment of hydrocephalus in developing nations due to a combination of medical, environmental, and socioeconomic factors. This review aims to provide the international neurosurgery community with an overview of the current challenges and future directions of neurosurgical care for children with hydrocephalus in low-income countries...
November 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732714/hernia-mesh-repair-and-global-surgery-reply
#6
Joseph D Forrester, Jared A Forrester, George P Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732712/hernia-mesh-repair-and-global-surgery
#7
Jessica Beard, Michael Ohene-Yeboah, Jenny Löfgren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702551/are-the-sdgs-leaving-safer-surgical-systems-behind
#8
EDITORIAL
Faheem Ahmed, Sophia Michelen, Rashad Massoud, Haytham Kaafarani
The World Health Organisation (WHO) has set out its new aims for the post-2015 global agenda in the form of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Discussions around the historically neglected role of emergency and essential surgical interventions in global health has attracted widespread attention with the help of well-timed, high-profile reports including the Lancet Commission for Global Surgery [1]. The case for promoting safe surgery is clear with evidence suggesting that at least two-thirds of the years of life lost globally will be attributed to surgical conditions by 2025 [1]...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652131/financial-contributions-to-global-surgery-an-analysis-of-160-international-charitable-organizations
#9
Lily Gutnik, Gavin Yamey, Robert Riviello, John G Meara, Anna J Dare, Mark G Shrime
BACKGROUND: The non-profit and volunteer sector has made notable contributions to delivering surgical services in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). As an estimated 55 % of surgical care delivered in some LMICs is via charitable organizations; the financial contributions of this sector provides valuable insight into understanding financing priorities in global surgery. METHODS: Databases of registered charitable organizations in five high-income nations (United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand) were searched to identify organizations committed exclusively to surgery in LMICs and their financial data...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600709/the-2015-bangkok-global-surgery-declaration-a-call-to-the-global-health-community-to-promote-implementation-of-the-world-health-assembly-resolution-for-surgery-and-anaesthesia-care
#10
K A McQueen, Thomas Coonan, Miliard Derbew, Viliami Tangi, Stephen Bickler, Paulin Banguti, Russel Gruen, David Watters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579265/the-role-of-plastic-surgeons-in-advancing-development-global
#11
REVIEW
P Niclas Broer, Hillary E Jenny, Joshua S Ng-Kamstra, Sabrina Juran
In September 2015, the international community came together to agree on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, a plan of action for people, the planet, and prosperity. Ambitious and far-reaching as they are, they are built on three keystones: the elimination of extreme poverty, fighting climate change, and a commitment to fighting injustice and inequality. Critical to the achievement of the Agenda is the global realization of access to safe, affordable surgical and anesthesia care when needed. The landmark report by the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery estimated that between 28 and 32 percent of the global burden of disease is amenable to surgical treatment...
May 2016: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506407/barriers-to-neurosurgical-training-in-sub-saharan-africa-the-need-for-a-phased-approach-to-global-surgery-efforts-to-improve-neurosurgical-care
#12
Elie Sader, Philip Yee, Mojgan Hodaie
BACKGROUND: Neurosurgery in low-income countries is faced with multiple challenges. While the most common challenges include infrastructure and physical resource deficits, an underemphasized barrier relates to the methods and components of surgical training. The role of important aspects including didactic surgical training, surgical decision-making, workshops, conferences, and assessment methods have not been duly studied. Knowledge of these issues is a crucial step to move closer to strengthening surgical capacity in low income countries...
August 6, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460139/resolutions-and-declarations-in-an-era-of-global-surgery
#13
Kelly McQueen, David A Watters, Villiami Tangi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438408/letter-how-neurosurgery-fits-into-the-global-surgery-2030-agenda
#14
Jacquelyn A Corley, Michael Haglund
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428044/a-global-country-level-comparison-of-the-financial-burden-of-surgery
#15
M G Shrime, A Dare, B C Alkire, J G Meara
BACKGROUND: Approximately 30 per cent of the global burden of disease is surgical, and nearly one-quarter of individuals who undergo surgery each year face financial hardship because of its cost. The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery has proposed the elimination of impoverishment due to surgery by 2030, but no country-level estimates exist of the financial burden of surgical access. METHODS: Using publicly available data, the incidence and risk of financial hardship owing to surgery was estimated for each country...
October 2016: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281013/expanding-roles-and-broader-goals-for-global-surgery
#16
Travis T Tollefson, David Shaye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27246944/global-safe-anaesthesia-and-surgery-initiatives-implications-for-anaesthesia-in-the-pacific-region
#17
M G Cooper, P B Wake, W W Morriss, P D Cargill, R J McDougall
In 2015 three major events occurred for global anaesthesia and surgery. In January, the World Bank published Disease Control Priorities 3rd edition (DCP 3rd edition). This volume, Essential Surgery, highlighted the cost effective role of anaesthesia and surgery in global health. In April, the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery released its report "Global Surgery 2030: Evidence and solutions for achieving health, welfare, and economic development". The report focuses on five key areas to promote change including: access to timely surgery, surgical workforce and procedural capability, surgical volume, data collection such as perioperative mortality rate, and financial protection...
May 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27217849/health-advocacy-in-a-competency-based-curriculum-the-emerging-role-of-global-surgery
#18
R Christopher Doiron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27097142/global-cleft-surgery
#19
David A Shaye
Surgery has recently been properly recognized as an essential component of global health. Global cleft surgery, often performed by visiting surgical teams in many parts of the world, has evolved with the recent surge in interest in global surgery. This article explores that evolution.
April 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27071423/global-surgery-and-the-role-of-trainees
#20
EDITORIAL
Farizeh Ahmed, Kai Yuen Wong, Isabelle Citron, Chris Lavy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
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