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"Global surgery"

Joseph D Forrester, Jared A Forrester, George P Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2016: JAMA Surgery
Jessica Beard, Michael Ohene-Yeboah, Jenny Löfgren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2016: JAMA Surgery
Faheem Ahmed, Sophia Michelen, Rashad Massoud, Haytham Kaafarani
The World Health Organisation (WHO) has set out its new aims for the post-2015 global agenda in the form of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Discussions around the historically neglected role of emergency and essential surgical interventions in global health has attracted widespread attention with the help of well-timed, high-profile reports including the Lancet Commission for Global Surgery [1]. The case for promoting safe surgery is clear with evidence suggesting that at least two-thirds of the years of life lost globally will be attributed to surgical conditions by 2025 [1]...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Lily Gutnik, Gavin Yamey, Robert Riviello, John G Meara, Anna J Dare, Mark G Shrime
BACKGROUND: The non-profit and volunteer sector has made notable contributions to delivering surgical services in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). As an estimated 55 % of surgical care delivered in some LMICs is via charitable organizations; the financial contributions of this sector provides valuable insight into understanding financing priorities in global surgery. METHODS: Databases of registered charitable organizations in five high-income nations (United States, United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand) were searched to identify organizations committed exclusively to surgery in LMICs and their financial data...
2016: SpringerPlus
K A McQueen, Thomas Coonan, Miliard Derbew, Viliami Tangi, Stephen Bickler, Paulin Banguti, Russel Gruen, David Watters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
P Niclas Broer, Hillary E Jenny, Joshua S Ng-Kamstra, Sabrina Juran
In September 2015, the international community came together to agree on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, a plan of action for people, the planet, and prosperity. Ambitious and far-reaching as they are, they are built on three keystones: the elimination of extreme poverty, fighting climate change, and a commitment to fighting injustice and inequality. Critical to the achievement of the Agenda is the global realization of access to safe, affordable surgical and anesthesia care when needed. The landmark report by the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery estimated that between 28 and 32 percent of the global burden of disease is amenable to surgical treatment...
May 2016: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Elie Sader, Philip Yee, Mojgan Hodaie
BACKGROUND: Neurosurgery in low-income countries is faced with multiple challenges. While the most common challenges include infrastructure and physical resource deficits, an underemphasized barrier relates to the methods and components of surgical training. The role of important aspects including didactic surgical training, surgical decision-making, workshops, conferences, and assessment methods have not been duly studied. Knowledge of these issues is a crucial step to move closer to strengthening surgical capacity in low income countries...
August 6, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Kelly McQueen, David A Watters, Villiami Tangi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Jacquelyn A Corley, Michael Haglund
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Neurosurgery
M G Shrime, A Dare, B C Alkire, J G Meara
BACKGROUND: Approximately 30 per cent of the global burden of disease is surgical, and nearly one-quarter of individuals who undergo surgery each year face financial hardship because of its cost. The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery has proposed the elimination of impoverishment due to surgery by 2030, but no country-level estimates exist of the financial burden of surgical access. METHODS: Using publicly available data, the incidence and risk of financial hardship owing to surgery was estimated for each country...
October 2016: British Journal of Surgery
Travis T Tollefson, David Shaye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
M G Cooper, P B Wake, W W Morriss, P D Cargill, R J McDougall
In 2015 three major events occurred for global anaesthesia and surgery. In January, the World Bank published Disease Control Priorities 3rd edition (DCP 3rd edition). This volume, Essential Surgery, highlighted the cost effective role of anaesthesia and surgery in global health. In April, the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery released its report "Global Surgery 2030: Evidence and solutions for achieving health, welfare, and economic development". The report focuses on five key areas to promote change including: access to timely surgery, surgical workforce and procedural capability, surgical volume, data collection such as perioperative mortality rate, and financial protection...
May 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
R Christopher Doiron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
David A Shaye
Surgery has recently been properly recognized as an essential component of global health. Global cleft surgery, often performed by visiting surgical teams in many parts of the world, has evolved with the recent surge in interest in global surgery. This article explores that evolution.
April 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Farizeh Ahmed, Kai Yuen Wong, Isabelle Citron, Chris Lavy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
Joshua S Ng-Kamstra, Johanna N Riesel, Sumedha Arya, Brad Weston, Tino Kreutzer, John G Meara, Mark G Shrime
BACKGROUND: Charitable organizations may play a significant role in the delivery of surgical care in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, in order to quantify their collective contribution, to account for the care they provide in national surgical plans, and to maximize coordination between organizations, a comprehensive database of these groups is required. We aimed to create such a database using web-available data. METHODS: We searched for organizations that meet the United Nations Rule of Law definition of non-governmental organizations and provide surgery in LMICs...
August 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Sarah C Hodges
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As the United Nations moves from Millennium Development Goals to Sustainable Development Goals, we find ourselves with the opportunity to influence the priority of global health initiatives. Previously, the global health community has failed to recognise the importance of access to safe, affordable surgery and developing the necessary specialities that support it as most of the funding focus had been on primary healthcare and infectious diseases. RECENT FINDINGS: Now the WHO is publishing guidelines to safe surgery and the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery has been launched...
June 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Cátia Luciana Abdulfattáhe Taibo, Troy D Moon, Orvalho A Joaquim, Carlos R Machado, Amina Merchant, Kelly McQueen, Mohsin Sidat, Elena Folgosa
BACKGROUND: Trauma is a major public health concern. Worldwide, injuries resulted in 4.8 million deaths in 2013, an increase of 11 % since 1990. The majority of deaths from trauma in low-and middle-income countries occur in a pre-hospital setting. Morbidity from trauma contributes significantly to disability in these countries. Mozambique has experienced a rise in injury-related morbidity and mortality. Efforts are underway to prioritize surgical and anesthesiology care in the post-2015 Global Surgery agenda that will build on momentum of the Millennium Development Goals...
December 2016: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
Nicole A Sitkin, Diana L Farmer
Surgery is increasingly recognized as an essential component of global health development. This article will review the state of global pediatric surgery, utilizing congenital anomalies as a framework in which to discuss the promise of pediatric surgery in reducing the global burden of disease. Congenital anomalies are responsible for a substantial burden of morbidity and mortality in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), as well as significant emotional and economic harms to the families of children with congenital anomalies...
February 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
Doruk Ozgediz, Monica Langer, Phyllis Kisa, Dan Poenaru
Recent initiatives in global health have emphasized universal coverage of essential health services. Surgical conditions play a critical role in child health in resource-poor areas. This article discusses (1) the spectrum of pediatric surgical conditions and their treatment; (2) relevance to recent advances in global surgery; (3) challenges to the prioritization of surgical care within child health, and possible solutions; (4) a case example from a resource-poor area (Uganda) illustrating some of these concepts; and (5) important child health initiatives with which surgical services should be integrated...
February 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
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