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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761860/hypermethylation-of-cpg-islands-is-associated-with-increasing-chromosomal-damage-in-chinese-lead-exposed-workers
#1
Li-Bo Yu, Yu-Ting Tu, Jing-Wen Huang, Ya-Nan Zhang, Guo-Qiao Zheng, Xiao-Wen Xu, Jin-Wei Wang, Jean Qin Xiao, David C Christiani, Zhao-Lin Xia
Lead is a widely existing environmental pollutant with potential carcinogenicity. To investigate the association of blood lead level (B-Pb) with potential chromosomal damage and cancer, we analyzed micronucleus (MN) frequency of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) and the methylation status of six human tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) post lead exposure. In the study, 147 lead-exposed workers were divided into two groups according to their B-Pb P50 value, with other 50 lead-unexposed workers as a control group...
May 15, 2018: Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729261/zoledronic-acid-induces-micronuclei-formation-mitochondrial-mediated-apoptosis-and-cytostasis-in-kidney-cells
#2
Soma Shiva Nageswara Rao Singireesu, Sujan Kumar Mondal, Suresh Yerramsetty, Sunil Misra
AIMS: Zoledronic acid (ZA), a FDA approved drug has used widely in the treatment of bone metastasis complications, has been linked to renal toxicity with unclear mechanism. The present study is aimed at investigating genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of ZA in renal epithelial cells. MAIN METHODS: The genotoxic effect of ZA in Vero and MDCK cells determined by cytokinesis block micronucleus (CBMN) assay. The cytotoxic effect assessed by analysing cell cycle profile, cell death and mitochondrial membrane potential by flow cytometry using propidium iodide, AnnexinV-FITC/PI and JC1 dye staining, respectively, BAX and Bcl-2 expression by Western blotting and caspase activity by spectrofluorimetry...
May 2, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727754/genomic-instability-in-adult-men-involved-in-processing-electronic-waste-in-northern-china
#3
Yan Wang, Xiaohui Sun, Lianying Fang, Keqiu Li, Ping Yang, Liqing Du, Kaihua Ji, Jinhan Wang, Qiang Liu, Chang Xu, Guang Li, John P Giesy, Markus Hecker
BACKGROUND: Managing and recycling electronic waste (e-waste), while useful and necessary, has resulted in significant contamination of several environments in China. The area around Tianjin, China has become one of the world's largest e-waste disposal centers, where electronics are processed by manually disassembly or burning, which can result in serious exposure of workers to a multitude of toxicants. OBJECTIVE: The present study assessed potential genomic damage in workers involved in recycling e-waste...
May 1, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681198/in-vitro-genotoxic-and-cytotoxic-effects-of-some-paraben-esters-on-human-peripheral-lymphocytes
#4
Devrim Güzel Bayülken, Berrin Ayaz Tüylü
Parabens (PBs) are p-hydroxybenzoic acid ester compounds commonly employed as antimicrobial preservatives, mainly in food, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical products. The aim of the present study was to investigate the genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of some paraben esters (butyl paraben, propyl paraben, isobutyl paraben, and isopropyl paraben) on human peripheral lymphocytes, using in vitro sister chromatid exchange (SCE), chromosome aberration (CA), and cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) tests. Lymphocyte cultures were treated with four concentrations of PBs (100, 50, 25 and 10 µg/mL) for 24 and 48 h...
April 23, 2018: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596305/differences-in-the-effects-of-egcg-on-chromosomal-stability-and-cell-growth-between-normal-and-colon-cancer-cells
#5
Juan Ni, Xihan Guo, Han Wang, Tao Zhou, Xu Wang
The tea catechin epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) proved to be the most potent physiologically active tea compound in vitro. It possesses antioxidant as well as pro-oxidant properties. EGCG has the effect of inducing apoptosis of tumor cells and inhibiting cell proliferation. Whether this effect is associated with the antioxidant or pro-oxidative effects of EGCG affecting the genome stability of normal and cancer cells has not been confirmed. Here, we selected Human normal colon epithelial cells NCM460 and colon adenocarcinoma cells COLO205 to investigate the effects of EGCG (0–40 μg/mL) on the genome stability and cell growth status...
March 29, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578018/genotoxicity-and-osteogenic-potential-of-sulfated-polysaccharides-from-caulerpa-prolifera-seaweed
#6
Gildácio Pereira Chaves Filho, Angélica Fernandes Gurgel de Sousa, Rafael Barros Gomes Câmara, Hugo Alexandre Oliveira Rocha, Silvia Regina Batistuzzo de Medeiros, Susana Margarida Gomes Moreira
Marine algae are sources of novel bioactive molecules and present a great potential for biotechnology and biomedical applications. Although green algae are the least studied type of seaweed, several biological activities have already been described for them. Here, we investigated the osteogenic potential of Sulfated Polysaccharides (SPs) enriched samples extracted from the green seaweed Caulerpa prolifera on human mesenchymal stem cells isolated from Wharton jelly (hMSC-WJ). In addition, their potential genotoxicity was determined, by cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) assay...
March 22, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556524/cytogenetics-data-in-adult-men-involved-in-the-recycling-of-electronic-wastes
#7
Yanan Du, Yan Wang, Liqing Du, Chang Xu, Kaihua Ji, Jinhan Wang, Qiang Liu
In this data article, 146 villagers (exposed group) were randomly selected from the workers who involved in the e-wastes recycling directly as a daily job in Tianjin. Control group, including 121 villagers, came from another town without e-waste disposal sites. Chromosomal aberrations (CA) and cytokinesis blocking micronucleus (CBMN) were performed to detect the cytogenetic effect for each subject. DNA damage was detected using comet assay; the DNA percentage in the comet tail (TDNA%), tail moment (TM), and Olive tail moment (OTM) were recorded to describe DNA damage to lymphocytes and spermatozoa...
April 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447011/the-genotoxic-and-antigenotoxic-potential-of-the-methanolic-root-extract-of-glycyrrhiza-glabra-l-on-human-peripheral-blood-lymphocytes
#8
Ayşe Yavuz Kocaman, Müge Güzelkokar
Glycyrrhiza glabra L. (licorice) is one of the most important medicinal plants, which is widely used throughout the world both in traditional and contemporary medical industries. This study was undertaken to investigate the potential genotoxic activity of G. glabra methanolic root extract, and its possible antigenotoxic properties against mitomycin C (MMC)-induced DNA damage in in vitro chromosome aberrations (CAs) and cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) assays in human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs)...
February 15, 2018: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394964/correlation-between-serum-amyloid-a-low-density-lipoprotein-and-genotoxicity-in-smokers
#9
Aneela Jamil, Amir Rashid, Abdul Khaliq Naveed, Asifa Majeed
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation between serum amyloid A-low density lipoprotein (SAA-LDL) and genotoxicity in smokers. STUDY DESIGN: An experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Army Medical College, Rawalpindi and National Institute of Health (NIH), Islamabad, from June 2014 to February 2015. METHODOLOGY: Seventy healthy Sprague Dawley rats were purchased from NIH and exposed to cigarette smoke in smoke chamber for three months...
February 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351567/whole-thorax-irradiation-of-non-human-primates-induces-persistent-nuclear-damage-and-gene-expression-changes-in-peripheral-blood-cells
#10
Shanaz A Ghandhi, Helen C Turner, Igor Shuryak, Gregory O Dugan, J Daniel Bourland, John D Olson, Janet A Tooze, Shad R Morton, Ines Batinic-Haberle, J Mark Cline, Sally A Amundson
We investigated the cytogenetic and gene expression responses of peripheral blood cells of non-human primates (NHP, Macaca mulatta) that were whole-thorax irradiated with a single dose of 10 Gy. In this model, partial irradiation of NHPs in the thoracic region (Whole Thorax Lung Irradiation, WTLI) allows the study of late radiation-induced lung injury, while avoiding acute radiation syndromes related to hematopoietic and gastrointestinal injury. A transient drop in circulating lymphocytes and platelets was seen by 9 days, followed by elevations in respiratory rate, circulating neutrophils, lymphocytes, and monocytes at 60-100 days, corresponding to computed tomography (CT) and histologic evidence of pneumonitis, and elective euthanasia of four animals...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337680/in-vitro-assessment-of-the-cytotoxic-dna-damaging-and-cytogenetic-effects-of-hydroquinone-in-human-peripheral-blood-lymphocytes
#11
Karlo Jurica, Irena Brčić Karačonji, Vesna Benković, Nevenka Kopjar
This study investigated the mechanisms of hydroquinone toxicity and assessed the relationships between its cytotoxic, genotoxic, and cytogenetic effects tested at 8, 140, and 280 μg mL-1 in human peripheral blood lymphocytes exposed for 24 h. The outcomes of the treatments were evaluated using the apoptosis/necrosis assay, the alkaline comet assay, and the cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) cytome assay. The tested hydroquinone concentrations produced relatively weak cytotoxicity in resting lymphocytes, which mostly died via apoptosis...
December 20, 2017: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335807/assessment-of-in-vitro-cytotoxic-and-genotoxic-activities-of-some-trimethoprim-conjugates
#12
Devrim Güzel Bayülken, R Beklem Bostancıoğlu, A Tansu Koparal, Berrin Ayaz Tüylü, Aydan Dağ, Kadriye Benkli
Trimethoprim, a commonly used antibacterial agent, is widely applied in the treatment of variety of infections in human. A few studies have demonstrated an extensive exposure of man to antibiotics, but there is still a lack of data for cytotoxic effects including nephrotoxicity, gastrointestinal toxicity, hematotoxicity, neurotoxicity and ototoxicity. The main purpose behind this study was to determine cytotoxic and genotoxic activities of trimethoprim (1), trimethoprim with maleic acid (2) and trimethoprim in conjugation with oxalic acid dihydrate (3)...
January 15, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325677/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-among-lung-cancer-free-smokers-the-importance-of-healthy-controls
#13
Michelle D Karpman, Ronald Eldridge, Jack L Follis, Carol J Etzel, Sanjay Shete, Randa A El-Zein
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in smokers enrolled as "healthy" controls in studies is 10-50%. The COPD status of ideal smoker populations for lung cancer case-control studies should be checked via spirometry; however, this is often not feasible, because no medical indications exist for asymptomatic smokers to undergo spirometry prior to study enrollment. Therefore, there is an unmet need for robust, cost effective assays for identifying undiagnosed lung disease among asymptomatic smokers...
January 2018: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307370/evaluation-of-chromosomal-dna-damage-cytotoxicity-cytostasis-oxidative-dna-damage-and-their-relationship-with-endocrine-hormones-in-patients-with-acute-organophosphate-poisoning
#14
Kursat Gundogan, Hamiyet Donmez-Altuntas, Zuhal Hamurcu, Ismail Hakkı Akbudak, Murat Sungur, Nazmiye Bitgen, Gulden Baskol, Fahri Bayram
Pesticides are commonly used compounds in agriculture. Especially, organophosphates (OPs) are among the extensively used pesticides. Therefore, OPs poisoning is common, especially in underdeveloped and developing countries. Primary aim of this study was to research the effects of acute OPs poisoning on genome instability in the individuals' lymphocytes with acute OPs poisoning both by using the cytokinesis-block micronucleus cytome (CBMN-cyt) assay to examine chromosome/genome damage, cell proliferation index and cell death rate and by using the plasma 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels to determine oxidative DNA damage...
January 2018: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281926/investigation-of-genotoxic-effects-of-paraben-in-cultured-human-lymphocytes
#15
Devrim Güzel Bayülken, Berrin Ayaz Tüylü, Handan Sinan, Hülya Sivas
Paraben is a phenolic derivative of benzoic acid extensively used as preservatives in food, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic industries due to its antimicrobial characteristics. The objective of this study was to evaluate the in vitro genotoxic effects of paraben in human lymphocyte cultures. Cells were analyzed by cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN), chromosome aberration (CA), sister chromatid exchange (SCE), and comet tests. For CBMN, CA, and SCE assays, the human lymphocytes were isolated from healthy donors and incubated with 500, 250, 100, and 50 µg/mL of paraben for 24 and 48 h, and for comet assay, cells were exposed to 1000, 750, 500, and 250 µg/mL of paraben for an hour...
December 27, 2017: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275243/withdrawn-cytogenetics-alteration-in-adult-men-involved-in-the-recycling-of-electronic-wastes
#16
Yanan Du, Yan Wang, Liqing Du, Chang Xu, Kaihua Ji, Jinhan Wang, Qiang Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199475/chromosomal-instability-and-cytotoxicity-induced-by-ribavirin-comparative-analysis-in-cell-lines-with-different-drug-metabolizing-profiles
#17
Carina Sperotto Librelotto, Daniel Simon, Ana Paula de Souza, Mário Reis Álvares-da-Silva, Rafael Rodrigues Dihl
Ribavirin is an important component of the treatment for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and, in combination with the new direct-acting antiviral (DAA) agents, comprises the major current therapeutic regimens. This study evaluated the cytotoxicity and chromosomal instability induced by ribavirin using the in vitro cytokinesis-block micronucleus cytome (CBMN-Cyt) assay in two cell lines with different expression levels of drug-metabolizing enzymes: human hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HepG2) and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells...
December 4, 2017: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173494/the-lymphocyte-cytokinesis-block-micronucleus-test-in-human-populations-occupationally-exposed-to-vinyl-chloride-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Claudia Bolognesi, Marco Bruzzone, Marcello Ceppi, Micheline Kirsch-Volders
Vinyl chloride (VC) is widely used in industry in the production of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), which is used to manufacture a large variety of materials. VC was classified as a known (Group 1) human carcinogen by IARC on the basis of increased risk for liver angiosarcoma and hepatocellular cancer, and the carcinogenicity of VC was shown to be mediated by a genotoxic mechanism. Following inhalation, the compound is rapidly absorbed and metabolized in the liver to the electrophilic metabolites chloroethylene-oxide and chloroacetaldehyde, which form DNA adducts that can be processed into point mutations in cancer-related genes detected in humans and rats exposed to VC...
October 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142345/-in-vitro-protective-effect-of-rutin-and-quercetin-against-radiation-induced-genetic-damage-in-human-lymphocytes
#19
Shrikant L Patil, K Swaroop, Nilesh Kakde, H M Somashekarappa
Purpose of the Study: Rutin (RUT) and quercetin (QRT) which are dietary compounds were investigated for their ability to protect against ionizing radiation (IR)-induced genotoxicity in human lymphocytes. Materials and Methods: The radiation antagonistic potential of RUT and QRT was assessed by alkaline comet and cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) assay. Results: Treatment of lymphocytes with RUT and QRT (25 μg/ml) prior exposure to 2 Gy gamma radiation resulted in a significant reduction of frequency of micronuclei as compared to the control set of cells evaluated by CBMN assay...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130594/dna-damage-and-circulating-cell-free-dna-in-greenhouse-workers-exposed-to-pesticides
#20
Akin Çayir, Mahmut Coskun, Munevver Coskun, Hayal Cobanoglu
Pesticides widely used in agriculture and other applications have been linked to cancer and other diseases through several potential mechanisms. The goals of this study were to assess DNA damage in lymphocytes by the cytokinesis-block micronucleus assay (CBMN), and to measure circulating cell free DNA (ccf-DNA) in the blood of pesticide-exposed greenhouse workers and matched controls living in the same area. CBMN was applied to peripheral blood lymphocyte samples taken at different times (spring and autumn) for each individual...
March 2018: Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis
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