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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141265/-hbv-infections-in-germany-health-care-costs-in-a-real-life-setting
#1
Jona Theodor Stahmeyer, Hans Becker, Anna Lena Orlemann, Christian Krauth, Michael P Manns, Heiner Wedemeyer
Background An estimated 500 000 people are infected with hepatitis B in Germany, inducing an enormous burden on infected patients and the health care system. The aim of our study was to estimate the real-life costs of treating hepatitis B and to analyze sociodemographic factors. Methods We conducted a retrospective, non-interventional, single-center study from 07/2009 to 12/2012. Information on health care delivery was extracted from patient records. Besides that, a questionnaire survey regarding sociodemographic parameters and quality of life of HBV-infected patients was performed...
November 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141084/association-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-with-objective-indicators-of-educational-attainment-a-nationwide-register-based-sibling-control-study
#2
Ana Pérez-Vigil, Lorena Fernández de la Cruz, Gustaf Brander, Kayoko Isomura, Andreas Jangmo, Inna Feldman, Eva Hesselmark, Eva Serlachius, Luisa Lázaro, Christian Rück, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Brian M D'Onofrio, Henrik Larsson, David Mataix-Cols
Importance: To our knowledge, the association of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and academic performance has not been objectively quantified. Objective: To investigate the association of OCD with objectively measured educational outcomes in a nationwide cohort, adjusting for covariates and unmeasured factors shared between siblings. Design, Setting, And Participants: This population-based birth cohort study included 2 115 554 individuals who were born in Sweden between January 1, 1976, and December 31, 1998, and followed up through December 31, 2013...
November 15, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141048/microcirculation-in-open-vs-minimally-invasive-dorsal-stabilization-of-thoracolumbar-fractures
#3
Bergita Ganse, Miguel Pishnamaz, Philipp Kobbe, Christian Herren, Gertraud Gradl-Dietsch, Franziska Böhle, Bernd Johannes, Bong-Sung Kim, Klemens Horst, Matthias Knobe
Standard open and percutaneous minimally invasive surgical procedures co-exist in the treatment of fractures of the thoracolumbar spine. Shorter skin incisions just above the pedicles are used in minimally invasive procedures. Full-length skin incisions and invasive preparations are applied in the standard open approach. While both methods show equivalent rates of intraoperative surgical complications and comparable clinical and radiological outcomes, blood loss and operation time have shown to be decreased in minimally invasive treatment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140992/transcriptome-profile-of-lung-dendritic-cells-after-in-vitro-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-prrsv-infection
#4
Maren Julia Pröll, Christiane Neuhoff, Karl Schellander, Muhammad Jasim Uddin, Mehmet Ulas Cinar, Sudeep Sahadevan, Xueqi Qu, Md Aminul Islam, Mikhael Poirier, Marcel A Müller, Christian Drosten, Dawit Tesfaye, Ernst Tholen, Christine Große-Brinkhaus
The porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is an infectious disease that leads to high financial and production losses in the global swine industry. The pathogenesis of this disease is dependent on a multitude of factors, and its control remains problematic. The immune system generally defends against infectious diseases, especially dendritic cells (DCs), which play a crucial role in the activation of the immune response after viral infections. However, the understanding of the immune response and the genetic impact on the immune response to PRRS virus (PRRSV) remains incomplete...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140939/infliximab-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-changes-clinical-decisions-in-a-virtual-biologics-clinic-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#5
Christian P Selinger, Marco V Lenti, Tanya Clark, Helen Rafferty, David Gracie, Alexander C Ford, Anthony OʼConnor, Tariq Ahmad, P John Hamlin
BACKGROUND: Virtual biologics clinics are often used to review patients with inflammatory bowel disease receiving biological therapy, with decisions whether to continue, switch, or stop therapy made based on review of symptoms, disease history, and investigations. We aimed to investigate whether therapeutic drug monitoring of infliximab (IFX) trough levels and anti-drug antibodies influences decision making within a virtual biologics clinic. METHODS: For all patients with inflammatory bowel disease receiving IFX maintenance therapy, 2 decisions were recorded in a preset format...
December 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140698/mutation-induced-deamidation-of-corneal-dystrophy-related-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-induced-protein
#6
Nadia Sukusu Nielsen, Dennis Wilkens Juhl, Ebbe Toftgaard Poulsen, Marie V Lukassen, Emil Christian Poulsen, Michael W Risør, Carsten Scavenius, Jan Johannes Enghild
Mutations in the transforming growth factor β-induced protein (TGFBIp) cause phenotypically diverse corneal dystrophies, where protein aggregation in the cornea leads to severe visual impairment. Previous studies have shown a relationship between mutant-specific corneal dystrophy phenotypes and the thermodynamic stability of TGFBIp. Using LC-MS/MS and NMR, we investigated correlations between the structural integrity of disease-related mutants of the fourth FAS1 domain (FAS1-4) and deamidation of TGFBIp residue Asn622...
November 15, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140589/simple-access-to-the-heaviest-alkaline-earth-metal-hydride-a-strongly-reducing-hydrocarbon-soluble-barium-hydride-cluster
#7
Sjoerd Harder, Brant Maitland, Michael Wiesinger, Christian Färber, Gerd Ballmann, Holger Elsen, Christian Fischer
Reaction of Ba[N(SiMe3)2]2 with PhSiH3 in toluene gave simple access to the unique Ba hydride cluster Ba7H7[N(SiMe3)2]7 that can be described as a square pyramide spanned by five Ba2+ ions with two flanking BaH[N(SiMe3)2] units. This heptanuclear cluster is well soluble in aromatic solvents and the hydride 1H NMR signals and coupling pattern suggests that the structure is stable in solution. At 95 °C, no coalescence of hydride signals is observed but the cluster slowly decomposes to undefined Ba hydride species...
November 15, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140547/islet-transplantation-as-safe-and-efficacious-method-to-restore-glycemic-control-and-to-avoid-severe-hypoglycemia-after-donor-organ-failure-in-pancreas-transplantation
#8
Philipp A Gerber, Michel Hochuli, Bara D Benediktsdottir, Richard A Zuellig, Oliver Tschopp, Michael Glenck, Olivier de Rougemont, Christian Oberkofler, Giatgen A Spinas, Roger Lehmann
The aim of this study was to assess safety and efficacy of islet transplantation after initial pancreas transplantation with subsequent organ failure. Patients undergoing islet transplantation at our institution after pancreas organ failure were compared to a control group of patients with pancreas graft failure, but without islet transplantation and to a group receiving pancreas re-transplantation. 10 patients underwent islet transplantation after initial pancreas transplantation failed and were followed for a median of 51 months...
November 15, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140544/a-cryptosporidium-infection-in-a-patient-with-relapsed-t-lymphoblastic-lymphoma-undergoing-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation
#9
Joanna Schiller, Sebastian Klein, Marianne Engels, Reinhard Büttner, Jan Rybniker, Gerd Fätkenheuer, Christof Scheid, Christian Wybranski, Alexander Quaas, Hans Christian Reinhardt, Ruth Waßermann
Cryptosporidium infection is a rare cause of enterocolitis. In immunocompromised patients, cryptosporidiosis may lead to debilitating and life-threatening diarrhea and malabsorption, occasionally with multi organ involvement. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) requires long-term immunosuppressive therapy, while cellular immunity is usually compromised due to intensive conditioning chemotherapy. Diarrhea in patients who underwent allo-HSCT may be a sign of an infection, but can also be the result of intestinal graft-versus-host disease (GvHD)...
November 15, 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140440/cord-metabolic-profiles-in-obese-pregnant-women-insights-into-offspring-growth-and-body-composition
#10
Nashita Patel, Christian Hellmuth, Olaf Uhl, Keith Godfrey, Annette Briley, Paul Welsh, Dharmintra Pasupathy, Paul Seed, Berthold Koletzko, Lucilla Poston
Context: Offspring exposed in-utero to maternal obesity have an increased risk of later obesity; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Objective: To assess the effect of an antenatal lifestyle intervention in obese women on the offspring's cord blood metabolic profile, and examine associations of cord blood metabolic profile with maternal clinical characteristics and offspring anthropometry at birth and age 6 months. Design: Randomised controlled trial and cohort study...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140439/bivalent-vaccine-effectiveness-against-type-specific-hpv-positivity-evidence-for-cross-protection-against-oncogenic-types-among-dutch-sti-clinic-visitors
#11
Petra J Woestenberg, Audrey J King, Birgit H B van Benthem, Robine Donken, Suzan Leussink, Fiona R M van der Klis, Hester E de Melker, Marianne A B van der Sande, Christian J P A Hoebe, Johannes A Bogaards
Background: Observational post-marketing studies are important to assess vaccine effectiveness (VE). We estimated VE from the bivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine against HPV positivity of vaccine and non-vaccine types in a high-risk population. Methods: We included all vaccine-eligible women from the PASSYON study, a biennial cross-sectional survey in Dutch sexually transmitted infection clinics. Vaginal swabs were analyzed using a PCR-based assay (SPF10-LiPA25) able to detect the 12 high-risk HPV (hrHPV) types 16/18/31/33/35/39/45/51/52/56/58/59...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140403/klhl6-is-preferentially-expressed-in-germinal-center-derived-b-cell-lymphomas
#12
Christian A Kunder, Giovanna Roncador, Ranjana H Advani, Gabriela Gualco, Carlos E Bacchi, Jean M Sabile, Izidore S Lossos, Kexin Nie, Robert John Tibshirani, Michael R Green, Ash A Alizadeh, Yasodha Natkunam
Objectives: KLHL6 is a recently described BTB-Kelch protein with selective expression in lymphoid tissues and is most strongly expressed in germinal center B cells. Methods: Using gene expression profiling as well as immunohistochemistry with an anti-KLHL6 monoclonal antibody, we have characterized the expression of this molecule in normal and neoplastic tissues. Protein expression was evaluated in 1,058 hematopoietic neoplasms. Results: Consistent with its discovery as a germinal center marker, KLHL6 was positive mainly in B-cell neoplasms of germinal center derivation, including 95% of follicular lymphomas (106/112)...
November 11, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140343/passively-q-switched-pr-ylf-laser-with-a-co-2-mgal2o4-saturable-absorber
#13
Maxim Demesh, Daniel-Timo Marzahl, Anatol Yasukevich, Viktor Kisel, Günter Huber, Nikolay Kuleshov, Christian Kränkel
We report on a 2ω-OPSL-pumped passively Q-switched Pr(3+):LiYF4 laser operating at the wavelengths of 523, 607, and 640 nm. For this, we utilized a Co(2+)-doped MgAl2O4 (MALO) crystal as a saturable absorber in the visible range for the first time, to the best of our knowledge. In the green spectral region, the pulse duration was 210 ns with a pulse energy of 3.6 μJ and a repetition rate of 125 kHz. The minimum pulse duration of 87 ns at the highest pulse energy of 8.6 μJ was obtained at a repetition rate of 110 kHz at 607 nm...
November 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140234/prevalence-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-and-other-trypanosomatids-in-frequently-hunted-wild-mammals-from-the-peruvian-amazon
#14
E Angelo Morales, Pedro Mayor, Mark Bowler, Esar Aysanoa, Erika S Pérez-Velez, Jocelyn Pérez, Julio A Ventocilla, G Christian Baldeviano, Andrés G Lescano
To better understand the ecology of Trypanosoma cruzi in the northeastern Peruvian Amazon, we evaluated the prevalence of T. cruzi and other trypanosomatids in four orders of wild mammals hunted and consumed by inhabitants of three remote indigenous communities in the Peruvian Amazon. Of 300 wild mammals sampled, 115 (38.3%) were infected with trypanosomatids and 15 (5.0%) with T. cruzi. The prevalence of T. cruzi within each species was as follows: large rodents (Cuniculus paca, 5.5%; Dasyprocta spp., 2.6%), edentates (Dasypus novemcinctus, 4...
November 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140182/tgf-%C3%AE-1-and-cxcl12-modulate-proliferation-and-chemotherapy-sensitivity-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia-cells-co-cultured-with-multipotent-mesenchymal-stromal-cells
#15
Roland Christian Schelker, Sabine Iberl, Gunnar Müller, Christina Hart, Wolfgang Herr, Jochen Grassinger
OBJECTIVES: Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) play a central role within the bone marrow (BM) niche, supporting hematopoiesis via soluble factors like cytokines and chemokines. In our study, we sought to investigate the effect of blocking transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) and C-X-C motif chemokine 12 (CXCL12) receptor CXCR4 on acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells in an MSC co-culture system. METHODS: Human MSCs were obtained by BM aspirates and their phenotype and functional properties were confirmed in vitro...
November 15, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140119/ct-features-of-the-usual-interstitial-pneumonia-pattern-differentiating-connective-tissue-disease-associated-interstitial-lung-disease-from-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#16
Jonathan H Chung, Christian W Cox, Steven M Montner, Ayodeji Adegunsoye, Justin M Oldham, Aliya N Husain, Rekha Vij, Imre Noth, David A Lynch, Mary E Strek
OBJECTIVE: A substantial proportion of cases of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) are due to connective tissue disease (CTD)-associated interstitial lung disease (ILD). The purpose of this study was to determine whether specific CT findings can help differentiate a UIP pattern of CTD-ILD from a UIP pattern of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and whether these signs are associated with survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adults visiting an ILD clinic from 2006 to 2015 enrolled in a research registry with a multidisciplinary diagnosis of CTD-ILD or IPF and a UIP pattern at high-resolution CT were included in the study...
November 15, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140086/applications-of-oxygenases-in-the-chemoenzymatic-total-synthesis-of-complex-natural-products
#17
Emma King-Smith, Christian R Zwick, Hans Renata
Nature has evolved a diverse range of oxygenases for the modification of secondary metabolites with selectivity profiles that are unmatched by conventional man-made catalysts. In the past two decades, organic chemists have begun to harness the synthetic potential of these biocatalysts to develop efficient chemoenzymatic synthesis of complex natural products. Judicious combination of synthetic and enzymatic transformations in multi-step synthesis can often result in powerful disconnections that compare favorably with contemporary chemical strategies to access the target natural products, while at the same time, presenting opportunities to innovate...
November 15, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139594/a-multi-perspective-approach-to-solvent-regulation-of-enzymatic-activity-hmg-coa-reductase
#18
Frank Schulz, Michael Dirkmann, Javier Iglesias, Victor Muñoz, Pandian Sokkar, Christoph Rumancev, Andreas von Gundlach, Oktavian Krenczyk, Tobias Vöpel, Julia Nowack, Martin A Schroer, Simon Ebbinghaus, Christian Herrmann, Axel Rosenhahn, Elsa Sanchez-Garcia
HMG-CoA reductase was investigated in different organic co-solvents using kinetic and calorimetric measurements, molecular dynamics simulations and small-angle x-ray scattering. The combined experimental and theoretical techniques were essential to complement each other's limitations in the investigation of the complex interaction pattern between the enzyme and the different solvent types and concentrations. In this way, we could elucidate the underlying mechanisms for the loss of enzyme activity in different water-miscible solvents...
November 15, 2017: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139574/an-oxorhenium-complex-bearing-a-chiral-cyclohexane-1-olato-2-thiolato-ligand-synthesis-stereochemistry-and-theoretical-study-of-parity-violation-vibrational-frequency-shifts
#19
Nidal Saleh, Radovan Bast, Nicolas Vanthuyne, Christian Roussel, Trond Saue, Benoît Darquié, Jeanne Crassous
In our effort towards measuring the parity violation energy difference between two enantiomers, a simple chiral oxorhenium complex 5 bearing enantiopure 2-mercaptocyclohexan-1-ol has been prepared as a potential candidate species. Vibrational circular dichroism revealed a chiral environment surrounding the rhenium atom, even though the rhenium is not a stereogenic center itself, and enabled to assign the (1S,2S)-(-) and (1R,2R)-(+) absolute configuration for 5. For both compound 5 and complex 4, previously studied by us and bearing a propane-2-olato-3-thiolato ligand, relativistic calculations predict parity violating vibrational frequency differences of a few hundreds of millihertz, above the expected sensitivity attainable by a molecular beam Ramsey interferometer that we are constructing...
November 15, 2017: Chirality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139391/-age-related-cognitive-decline-in-adults-with-dm1-a-9-year-longitudinal-study
#20
Claire-Cécile Michon, Christian Réveillère
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
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