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Anna Carolina Formica-Oliveira, Ginés Benito Martínez-Hernández, Encarna Aguayo, Perla A Gómez, Francisco Artés, Francisco Artés-Hernández
Phenolic compounds are phytochemicals with high health-promoting properties. Carrot is a vegetable highly worldwide consumed although its phenolic content is low compared to other plant products. The aim of this work was to evaluate changes in phenolic compounds in carrots caused by abiotic stresses. The phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) activity, phenolic compounds and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) changes during storage up to 72 h at 15 °C after wounding (shredding), 9 kJ UV-C m(-2) pretreatment and hyperoxia (80 kPa) conditions of carrots were studied...
September 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Cho-Ming Chao, Faady Yahya, Alena Moiseenko, Caterina Tiozzo, Amit Shrestha, Negah Ahmadvand, Elie El Agha, Jennifer Quantius, Salma Dilai, Vahid Kheirollahi, Matthew Jones, Jochen Wilhem, Gianni Carraro, Harald Ehrhardt, Klaus-Peter Zimmer, Guillermo Barreto, Katrin Ahlbrecht, Rory E Morty, Susanne Herold, Rosanna G Abellar, Werner Seeger, Ralph Schermuly, Jin-San Zhang, Parviz Minoo, Saverio Bellusci
Inflammation-induced FGF10 protein deficiency is associated with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), a chronic lung disease of prematurely born infants characterized by arrested alveolar development. So far, experimental evidence for a direct role of FGF10 in lung disease is lacking. Using the hyperoxia-induced neonatal lung injury as a mouse model of BPD, the impact of Fgf10 deficiency in Fgf10(+/-) versus Fgf10(+/+) pups was investigated. In normoxia, no lethality of Fgf10(+/+) or Fgf10(+/-) pups was observed...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Pathology
YanRui Wang, ShaoJie Yue, ZiQiang Luo, ChuanDing Cao, XiaoHe Yu, ZhengChang Liao, MingJie Wang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that endogenous glutamate and its N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) play important roles in hyperoxia-induced acute lung injury in newborn rats. We hypothesized that NMDAR activation also participates in the development of chronic lung injury after withdrawal of hyperoxic conditions. METHODS: In order to rule out the anti-inflammatory effects of NMDAR inhibitor on acute lung injury, the efficacy of MK-801 was evaluated in vivo using newborn Sprague-Dawley rats treated starting 4 days after cessation of hyperoxia exposure (on postnatal day 8)...
October 21, 2016: Respiratory Research
Devon E Anderson, Brandon D Markway, Derek Bond, Helen E McCarthy, Brian Johnstone
BACKGROUND: Lowering oxygen from atmospheric level (hyperoxia) to the physiological level (physioxia) of articular cartilage promotes mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) chondrogenesis. However, the literature is equivocal regarding the benefits of physioxic culture on preventing hypertrophy of MSC-derived chondrocytes. Articular cartilage progenitors (ACPs) undergo chondrogenic differentiation with reduced hypertrophy marker expression in hyperoxia but have not been studied in physioxia. This study sought to delineate the effects of physioxic culture on both cell types undergoing chondrogenesis...
October 20, 2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Hendrik J F Helmerhorst, Derk L Arts, Marcus J Schultz, Peter H J van der Voort, Ameen Abu-Hanna, Evert de Jonge, David J van Westerloo
OBJECTIVE: Emerging evidence has shown the potential risks of arterial hyperoxia, but the lack of a clinical definition and methodologic limitations hamper the interpretation and clinical relevance of previous studies. Our purpose was to evaluate previously used and newly constructed metrics of arterial hyperoxia and systematically assess their association with clinical outcomes in different subgroups in the ICU. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Three large tertiary care ICUs in the Netherlands...
October 19, 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Tatiana Ripp, Victor Mordobin, Evgeny Ripp, Galina Semke, Alla Falkovskaya, Ludmila Fedorova, Sergey Popov
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to develop the new technology and to classify changes of arterial reactivity (AR) after metabolic stress tests in patients with hypertension. DESIGN AND METHOD: All participants of research have given the informed agreement. We used new special portative apparatus with metering rate during hypercapnia (inhalation 2 min 4% mixture of carbonic gas with air (gipercapnia) or hyperoxia - 100% oxygen (giperoxia) and in periods of recovery (rec) (air-inhalation 2 min) of 264 patients (age 52...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Huan Xu, Guohua Deng, Chunhui Jiang, Xiangmei Kong, Jian Yu, Xinghuai Sun
Purpose: To evaluate the hyperoxia response of the retinal vascular system in different parts of the fundus using optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography. Methods: Using an OCT angiography system and a split-spectrum amplitude decorrelation angiography (SSADA) algorithm, perfused vessel density at the macular and peripapillary regions was measured before and after breathing 80% oxygen in 10 healthy Chinese subjects. The repeatability of the hyperoxia response was also tested...
August 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Toshiyuki Ohya, Ryo Yamanaka, Hayato Ohnuma, Masahiro Hagiwara, Yasuhiro Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Some endurance athletes exhibit exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia during high-intensity exercise. Inhalation of hyperoxic gas during exercise has been shown to counteract this exercise-associated reduction in hemoglobin oxygen saturation (SaO2), but the effects of hyperoxic gas inhalation on performance and SaO2 during high-intensity intermittent exercise remain unclear. This study investigated the effects of hyperoxic gas inhalation on performance and SaO2 during high-intensity intermittent cycling exercise...
December 2016: Sports Medicine—Open
Danka Đevenica, Anita Markotić, Nikolina Režić-Mužinić, Igor Jelaska, Tatijana Zemunik, Hrvoje Delić, Vedrana Čikeš Čulić
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to estimate effects of hyperbaric (HB) treatment by determination of CD15s and CD11b leukocyte proinflammatory markers expression. In addition, this study describes changes in CD77 and CD34 expression on rat endothelial cells in renal, pulmonary and cardiac tissue following exposure to hyperbaric pressure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Expression of CD11b and CD15s on leukocytes, as well as CD77 and CD34 expression on endothelial cells in cell suspensions of renal, pulmonary and cardiac tissue in rats after hyperbaric treatment and in control rats were determined by flow cytometry...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Geoffrey E Ciarlone, Jay B Dean
Central CO2 chemoreceptive neurons in the caudal solitary complex (cSC) are stimulated by hyperoxia via a free radical mechanism. Hyperoxia has been shown to increase superoxide and nitric oxide in the cSC, but it remains unknown how changes in pCO2 during hyperoxia affect the production of O2-dependent reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) downstream that can lead to increased levels of oxidative and nitrosative stress, cellular excitability, and potentially, dysfunction. We used real time fluorescence microscopy in rat brain slices to determine how hyperoxia and hypercapnic acidosis (HA) modulate one another in the production of key RONS, as well as colorimetric assays to measure levels of oxidized and nitrated lipids and proteins...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
Geoffrey E Ciarlone, Jay B Dean
Central CO2 chemosensitive neurons in the caudal solitary complex (cSC) are stimulated not only by hypercapnic acidosis (HA), but by hyperoxia as well. While a cellular mechanism for the CO2 response has yet to be isolated, previous data show that a redox-sensitive mechanism underlies neuronal excitability to hyperoxia. However, it remains unknown how changes in pO2 affect the production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) in the cSC that can lead to increased cellular excitability and with larger doses, cellular dysfunction and death...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
Tao Wang, Xinping Zhang, Daniel D Bikle
5-10% of fractures fail to heal normally leading to additional surgery, morbidity, and altered quality of life. Fracture healing involves the coordinated action of stem cells primarily coming from the periosteum which differentiate into the chondrocytes and osteoblasts, forming first the soft (cartilage) callus followed by the hard (bone) callus. These stem cells are accompanied by a vascular invasion that appears critical for the differentiation process and which may enable the entry of osteoclasts necessary for the remodeling of the callus into mature bone...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Heedoo Lee, Duo Zhang, Ziwen Zhu, Charles S Dela Cruz, Yang Jin
Intercellular communications between lung epithelial cells and alveolar macrophages play an essential role in host defense against acute lung injury. Hyperoxia-induced oxidative stress is an established model to mimic human lung injury. We show that after hyperoxia-associated oxidative stress, a large amount of extracellular vesicles (EVs) are detectable in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and culture medium of lung epithelial cells. Microvesicles (MVs), but not exosomes (Exos) or apoptotic bodies (Abs), are the main type of EVs found in the early stages after hyperoxia...
October 12, 2016: Scientific Reports
Jordi Ruiz-Camp, José Alberto Rodríguez-Castillo, Susanne Herold, Konstantin Mayer, István Vadász, Michelle D Tallquist, Werner Seeger, Katrin Ahlbrecht, Rory E Morty
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is the most common complication of preterm birth characterized by blunted post-natal lung development. BPD can be modelled in mice by exposure of newborn mouse pups to elevated oxygen levels. Little is known about the mechanisms of perturbed lung development associated with BPD. The advent of transgenic mice, where genetic rearrangements can be induced in particular cell-types at particular time-points during organogenesis, have great potential to explore the pathogenic mechanisms at play during arrested lung development...
October 11, 2016: Transgenic Research
Elisa Damiani, Alex Dyson, Lucia Zacchetti, Abele Donati, Mervyn Singer
BACKGROUND: Hypoxemia may compromise cell metabolism and organ function. Supplemental oxygen (O2) at high concentrations may prove ineffective, and issues relating to hyperoxia, barotrauma, mechanical ventilation, and extracorporeal oxygenation are well documented. Old reports suggest the potential safety and efficacy of alternative routes for O2 administration, such as intravenous or intestinal. We re-explored these routes in rat models of hypoxemia. METHODS: Hypoxemia was induced in spontaneously breathing, anesthetized rats by breathing a hypoxic gas mix (FiO2 0...
December 2016: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Ibrahim Sammour, Santhosh Somashekar, Jian Huang, Sunil Batlahally, Matthew Breton, Krystalenia Valasaki, Aisha Khan, Shu Wu, Karen C Young
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) improve alveolar and vascular structures in experimental models of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Female MSC secrete more anti-inflammatory and pro-angiogenic factors as compared to male MSC. Whether the therapeutic efficacy of MSC in attenuating lung injury in an experimental model of BPD is influenced by the sex of the donor MSC or recipient is unknown. Here we tested the hypothesis that female MSC would have greater lung regenerative properties than male MSC in experimental BPD and this benefit would be more evident in males...
2016: PloS One
Maciej Siński, Jacek Lewandowski, Anna Dobosiewicz, Jacek Przybylski, Piotr Abramczyk, Zbigniew Gaciong
INTRODUCTION: Hyperoxia increases total peripheral resistance by acting locally but also inhibits the activity of carotid body chemoreceptors. We studied the effect of hyperoxia on central pressure in normotensive subjects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical air followed by 100% oxygen was provided to 19 subjects (12/7 female/male, age 28.2 ±1.1 years) for 15 min through a non-rebreather mask. Central blood pressure was then measured using applanation tonometry. RESULTS: After the first 2 min of hyperoxia, heart rate decreased significantly (65 ±2...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Mary E Robbins, Duaa Dakhlallah, Clay B Marsh, Lynette K Rogers, Trent E Tipple
RATIONALE: We previously demonstrated that decreased miR-17~92 cluster expression was: 1) present in lungs from human infants who died with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD); 2) inversely correlated with DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) expression and promoter methylation; 3) correlated with a subsequent diagnosis of BPD at 36 weeks' gestational age. OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that plasma miR-17 levels would be lowest in infants who ultimately develop severe BPD...
September 30, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Francisca Dias-Freitas, Catarina Metelo-Coimbra, Roberto Roncon-Albuquerque
The management of acute hypoxemic respiratory failure frequently includes the use of supraphysiological fractions of inspired oxygen (FiO2), which can be beneficial in the short-term but not without risks in the long-term, causing acute lung injury (ALI). Over the last few years, much attention has been devoted to the intracellular signaling transduction pathways that lead to hyperoxia-induced cell damage, particularly MAP kinase cascades. Identification of involved signaling molecules and understanding of the regulation of the main signal transduction pathways might provide the basis for improving the outcome of patients under high FiO2 exposure through more effective therapeutic interventions...
October 2016: Respiratory Medicine
Shimeng Zhao, Meiling Cao, Hongmin Wu, Yu Hu, Xindong Xue
BACKGROUND: A persistent increase in the number of lung fibroblasts (LFs) is found in the interstitium of the lungs of infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), which leads to lung fibrosis. P16 methylation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of BPD. 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza-CdR) is a major methyltransferase-specific inhibitor. This study investigated the effects of 5-aza-CdR on LFs in vitro from a hyperoxia-induced lung fibrosis model in newborn rats. METHODS: Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Western blotting were performed to determine P16 gene methylation status and protein expression after LFs were treated with 0 μmol/L, 0...
August 12, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
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