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high ileostomy output

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370898/postoperative-complications-of-pediatric-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-treated-with-vedolizumab
#1
Lori A Zimmerman, Jill M Zalieckas, Robert C Shamberger, Athos Bousvaros
BACKGROUND: Vedolizumab is a biologic, which inhibits leukocyte adhesion in the gut and is used to treat ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). Little is known of the surgical outcomes in patients treated with vedolizumab. We reviewed the postoperative complications in a cohort of pediatric UC and CD patients treated with vedolizumab. METHODS: We identified pediatric UC and CD patients treated with vedolizumab at our institution from 2014 to 2016. We compared postoperative outcomes in the vedolizumab exposed group to a cohort of vedolizumab naïve patients who required diverting ileostomy...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215474/assessment-of-ileostomy-output-using-telemedicine-a-feasibility-trial
#2
Brian K Bednarski, Rebecca S Slack, Matthew Katz, Y Nancy You, John Papadopolous, Miguel A Rodriguez-Bigas, John M Skibber, Surena F Matin, George J Chang
BACKGROUND: Ileostomies are a routine part of the care of patients with rectal cancer, but are associated with significant risk for dehydration, readmission, and acute kidney injury. Telemedicine has proven beneficial in decreasing readmission in chronic medical illnesses, but its utility in patients with an ileostomy is not well studied. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of televideoconferencing in the assessment of ileostomy output...
January 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976806/magnetic-compression-anastomosis-magnamosis-for-functional-undiversion-of-ileostomy-in-pediatric-patients
#3
Luzia Toselli, Marcelo Martinez-Ferro, Guillermo Cervio, Dillon Kwiat, Jill Imamura-Ching, Claire E Graves, Brandon Gaston, Michael Harrison
INTRODUCTION: Magnamosis forms a compression anastomosis using self-aligning magnetic Harrison rings. The device has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for first-in-human testing and has been applied in adults for intestinal anastomosis during urologic reconstructions. We now report the first cases of magnamosis to functionally undivert the fecal stream from a previously created loop ileostomy in pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Case 1: A 4-year-old male underwent a diverting loop ileostomy for malignant bowel obstruction...
December 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894582/prediction-model-and-treatment-of-high-output-ileostomy-in-colorectal-cancer-surgery
#4
Shiki Fujino, Norikatsu Miyoshi, Masayuki Ohue, Yuske Takahashi, Masayoshi Yasui, Keijiro Sugimura, Hirohumi Akita, Hidenori Takahashi, Shogo Kobayashi, Masahiko Yano, Masato Sakon
The aim of the present study was to examine the risk factors of high-output ileostomy (HOI), which is associated with electrolyte abnormalities and/or stoma complications, and to create a prediction model. The medical records of 68 patients who underwent colorectal cancer surgery with ileostomy between 2011 and 2016 were retrospectively investigated. All the patients underwent surgical resection for colorectal cancer at the Osaka Medical Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases (Osaka, Japan). A total of 7 patients with inadequate data on ileostomy output were excluded...
September 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861269/defunctioning-stoma-a-prognosticator-for-leaks-in-low-rectal-restorative-cancer-resection-a-retrospective-analysis-of-stoma-database
#5
Haytham Abudeeb, Ahmed Hammad, Ajogwu Ugwu, Jamshid Darabnia, Lee Malcomson, Min Maung, Khurram Khan, Clare Mclaughlin, Arijit Mukherjee
AIMS: Low anterior resection (LAR) has higher risk of anastomotic leak with its attendant morbidity -mortality. De-functioning loop ileostomy (DLI), claimed to mitigate the consequences of anastomotic leak, has been questioned in recent years. This study aims to evaluate the impact of ileostomy on LAR. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of stoma database. 136 patients with stoma (March 2011-July 2015) were assessed. Data was analysed in respect to LAR anastomotic leak rate, impact on morbidity-mortality, short and long-term stoma complications, rate of ileostomy reversal and reasons for non-reversal...
September 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646082/subcutaneous-magnesium-in-the-advanced-cancer-setting
#6
Stephen J Fenning, Steinunn R Boyce, Paul Wilson, Fran Stretton
Hypomagnesaemia can arise from a variety of causes but is particularly prevalent in cancer populations. This case report describes a patient with recurrent symptomatic hypomagnesaemia, on the background of advanced ovarian cancer and a high-output ileostomy, who was successfully managed on a daily continuous subcutaneous infusion of magnesium via a syringe pump. There is limited published information on the subcutaneous administration of magnesium and, to our knowledge, this is the first case to report its routine delivery over 24 hours in a syringe pump...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627732/the-acute-effect-of-loperamide-on-ileostomy-output-a-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-crossover-study
#7
Katrine Kristensen, Niels Qvist
High stoma output is a common problem in patients with ileostomy and can lead to dehydration and electrolyte disturbances. The first drug of choice to reduce stoma output is often loperamide. The aim was to assess the acute effect of loperamide on (a) ileostomy output in g/day, (b) gastrointestinal transit time and (c) patient-reported effects. A total of 12 patients completed this double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover study, consisting of a 3-day treatment period with loperamide 12 mg/day or placebo followed by the reverse after a washout period of 5-7 days...
December 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485190/complications-and-morbidity-associated-with-loop-ileostomies-in-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis
#8
J Park, B Gessler, M Block, E Angenete
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Loop ileostomies are frequently used as diversion of the fecal stream to protect a distal anastomosis. The aim of this study was to identify complications and morbidity related to loop ileostomies in patients with ulcerative colitis at a nonemergent setting. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with ulcerative colitis who received a loop ileostomy at a tertiary referral center in Sweden from January 2006 until December 2012 were included and studied retrospectively...
May 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433044/-laparoscopic-diverting-ileostomy-in-rectal-cancer-surgery
#9
P Ihnát, P Vávra, P Guňková, A Zatloukal, S Czudek, P Zonča
INTRODUCTION: Low anterior resection (LAR) with total mesorectal excision (TME) represents the gold standard for patients with low rectal carcinoma. Protective ileostomy (PI) is commonly performed during LAR in an effort to protect low rectal anastomosis. The aim of this study is to analyse outcomes in our own patient population, focusing on morbidity associated with PI. METHOD: A retrospective clinical study of patients operated on between 2013 and 2015 was conducted in University Hospital Ostrava...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247831/-ileostomy-versus-colostomy-which-is-preferable
#10
F J Amelung, C P D Van 't Hullenaar, P M Verheijen, E C J Consten
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether an ileostomy or colostomy should be preferred in patients requiring temporary double-barrel stoma construction and in whom it is technically possible to construct both types. DESIGN: Systematic literature search and retrospective comparative analysis. METHOD: PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library were searched for all literature comparing loop ileostomy and loop colostomy. In addition, we retrospectively analysed 361 patients who had received a loop ileostomy or loop colostomy designed to be temporary between 2009 and 2015 in our hospital, Meander Medisch Centrum, Amersfoort, the Netherlands...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029394/non-anion-gap-metabolic-acidosis-a-clinical-approach-to-evaluation
#11
Mandana Rastegar, Glenn T Nagami
Acid-base disturbances can result from kidney or nonkidney disorders. We present a case of high-volume ileostomy output causing large bicarbonate losses and resulting in a non-anion gap metabolic acidosis. Non-anion gap metabolic acidosis can present as a form of either acute or chronic metabolic acidosis. A complete clinical history and physical examination are critical initial steps to begin the evaluation process, followed by measuring serum electrolytes with a focus on potassium level, blood gas, urine pH, and either direct or indirect urine ammonium concentration...
February 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935344/safe-management-of-ileostomates-with-high-output-stomas
#12
REVIEW
Ann Goodey, Sharon Colman
An ileostomy is where the small bowel is diverted to the abdominal surface resulting in the formation of a stoma. An Ileostomy can be temporary or permanent and produces loose faeces. Some ileostomates can develop high output in the early postoperative stage. Most will resolve, some will require ongoing treatment and management. While patients are monitored closely according to protocol in hospital once discharged into the community, there appears to be little standardisation. A literature search revealed that existing guidelines are for management of patients in the acute care setting...
December 8, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501730/endoscopic-control-of-enterocutaneous-fistula-by-dual-intussuscepting-stent-technique
#13
George Melich, Ajit Pai, Banujan Balachandran, Slawomir J Marecik, Leela M Prasad, John J Park
INTRODUCTION: Large high-output enterocutaneous fistulas pose great difficulties, especially in the setting of recent surgery and compromised skin integrity. METHODS: This video demonstrates a new technique of endoscopic control of enterocutaneous fistula by using two covered overlapping stents. In brief, the two stents are each inserted endoscopically, one proximal, and the other distal to the fistula with 2 cm of each stent protruding cutaneously. Following this, the proximal stent is crimped and intussuscepted into the distal stent with an adequate overlap...
September 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26898134/ileo-anal-pouch-surgery-in-a-district-general-hospital-results-in-good-outcomes-and-high-patient-satisfaction
#14
Kathryn Lynes, Daniel A Lawes, Charles M Bailey
INTRODUCTION: Restorative proctocolectomy (RPC) with ileal-pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) is a technically challenging procedure. This study aims to review the outcomes following surgery carried out in a DGH by two surgeons with experience gained in tertiary centres. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients undergoing RPC with IPAA were identified from a prospectively collected database and case notes reviewed. Data were collected on demographics, indication for surgery, operative details, outcomes and adherence to a treatment and follow-up protocol developed with a specialist centre...
April 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25982236/oral-rehydration-therapy-and-feeding-replaces-total-parenteral-nutrition-a-clinical-vignette
#15
Scott Mitchell Wright, Muhammad Jawad Noon, William Bates Greenough
A 27-year-old patient with spina bifida and a high output loss of water and electrolytes from her ileostomy was successfully liberated from dependency on total parenteral nutrition and intravenous fluid and electrolyte replacement by the use of a rice-based oral rehydration therapy (ORT). This allowed her to return home to the care of her mother. We suggest that ORT can be effective in the context of modern high-technology settings, as well as in resource-poor situations.
February 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25956387/protocol-for-the-detection-and-nutritional-management-of-high-output-stomas
#16
Jose J Arenas Villafranca, Cristobal López-Rodríguez, Jimena Abilés, Robin Rivera, Norberto Gándara Adán, Pilar Utrilla Navarro
INTRODUCTION: An issue of recent research interest is excessive stoma output and its relation to electrolyte abnormalities. Some studies have identified this as a precursor of dehydration and renal dysfunction. A prospective study was performed of the complications associated with high-output stomas, to identify their causes, consequences and management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was carried out by a multidisciplinary team of surgeons, gastroenterologists, nutritionists and hospital pharmacists...
May 9, 2015: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25903209/successful-management-of-chronic-high-output-ileostomy-with-high-dose-loperamide
#17
Alicia Mackowski, Han-Kuang Chen, Michael Levitt
High-stoma output is a common problem that can lead to dehydration and electrolyte disturbance. The following report describes three patients with end ileostomy who had high-stoma outputs where conventional medical management was unsuccessful in controlling stoma output. All three patients responded to high-dose loperamide, resulting in significant clinical improvement. High-dose loperamide therapy should be considered in patients with high-stoma output who have failed conventional medical management.
April 22, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25882236/assessment-of-age-in-ulcerative-colitis-patients-with-ileal-pouch-creation-an-evaluation-of-outcomes
#18
Ker Kan Tan, Ragavan Manoharan, Saissan Rajendran, Praveen Ravindran, Christopher J Young
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to determine if age at the creation of an ileal pouchanal anastomosis (IPAA) has an impact on the outcomes in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients who underwent IPAA for UC from 1999 to 2011 was performed. Long-term functional outcome was assessed using both the Cleveland Clinic and St Mark's incontinence scores. RESULTS: Eighty-nine patients, with a median age of 46 (range, 16 to 71) years, formed the study group...
March 2015: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25866884/-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-acid-base-and-fluid-balance-disorders-with-short-bowel-syndrome-after-ileostomies
#19
D Söhngen, C Balzer, M Fuchs, D Waldschmidt
BACKGROUND: Patients with ileostomies regularly suffer from short bowel syndrome or high volume output associated with loss of absorptive surface and subsequent impairment of absorption for drugs and different nutrients resulting in electrolyte and fluid balance disorders as well as renal insufficiency. Adaptation of these fundamental functions of the gut with adequate fluid uptake, absorption of sufficient different nutrients and vitamins represents a major challenge to rehabilitate these patients shortly after surgery...
April 2015: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25718014/p517-efficacy-of-antisecretory-factor-in-reducing-high-intestinal-output-in-patients-with-ileostomy-for-crohn-s-disease
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2015: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
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