Read by QxMD icon Read

high ileostomy output

Mandana Rastegar, Glenn T Nagami
Acid-base disturbances can result from kidney or nonkidney disorders. We present a case of high-volume ileostomy output causing large bicarbonate losses and resulting in a non-anion gap metabolic acidosis. Non-anion gap metabolic acidosis can present as a form of either acute or chronic metabolic acidosis. A complete clinical history and physical examination are critical initial steps to begin the evaluation process, followed by measuring serum electrolytes with a focus on potassium level, blood gas, urine pH, and either direct or indirect urine ammonium concentration...
October 28, 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Ann Goodey, Sharon Colman
An ileostomy is where the small bowel is diverted to the abdominal surface resulting in the formation of a stoma. An Ileostomy can be temporary or permanent and produces loose faeces. Some ileostomates can develop high output in the early postoperative stage. Most will resolve, some will require ongoing treatment and management. While patients are monitored closely according to protocol in hospital once discharged into the community, there appears to be little standardisation. A literature search revealed that existing guidelines are for management of patients in the acute care setting...
December 8, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
George Melich, Ajit Pai, Banujan Balachandran, Slawomir J Marecik, Leela M Prasad, John J Park
INTRODUCTION: Large high-output enterocutaneous fistulas pose great difficulties, especially in the setting of recent surgery and compromised skin integrity. METHODS: This video demonstrates a new technique of endoscopic control of enterocutaneous fistula by using two covered overlapping stents. In brief, the two stents are each inserted endoscopically, one proximal, and the other distal to the fistula with 2 cm of each stent protruding cutaneously. Following this, the proximal stent is crimped and intussuscepted into the distal stent with an adequate overlap...
September 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Kathryn Lynes, Daniel A Lawes, Charles M Bailey
INTRODUCTION: Restorative proctocolectomy (RPC) with ileal-pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) is a technically challenging procedure. This study aims to review the outcomes following surgery carried out in a DGH by two surgeons with experience gained in tertiary centres. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients undergoing RPC with IPAA were identified from a prospectively collected database and case notes reviewed. Data were collected on demographics, indication for surgery, operative details, outcomes and adherence to a treatment and follow-up protocol developed with a specialist centre...
April 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Scott Mitchell Wright, Muhammad Jawad Noon, William Bates Greenough
A 27-year-old patient with spina bifida and a high output loss of water and electrolytes from her ileostomy was successfully liberated from dependency on total parenteral nutrition and intravenous fluid and electrolyte replacement by the use of a rice-based oral rehydration therapy (ORT). This allowed her to return home to the care of her mother. We suggest that ORT can be effective in the context of modern high-technology settings, as well as in resource-poor situations.
February 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Jose J Arenas Villafranca, Cristobal López-Rodríguez, Jimena Abilés, Robin Rivera, Norberto Gándara Adán, Pilar Utrilla Navarro
INTRODUCTION: An issue of recent research interest is excessive stoma output and its relation to electrolyte abnormalities. Some studies have identified this as a precursor of dehydration and renal dysfunction. A prospective study was performed of the complications associated with high-output stomas, to identify their causes, consequences and management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was carried out by a multidisciplinary team of surgeons, gastroenterologists, nutritionists and hospital pharmacists...
May 9, 2015: Nutrition Journal
Alicia Mackowski, Han-Kuang Chen, Michael Levitt
High-stoma output is a common problem that can lead to dehydration and electrolyte disturbance. The following report describes three patients with end ileostomy who had high-stoma outputs where conventional medical management was unsuccessful in controlling stoma output. All three patients responded to high-dose loperamide, resulting in significant clinical improvement. High-dose loperamide therapy should be considered in patients with high-stoma output who have failed conventional medical management.
April 22, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
Ker Kan Tan, Ragavan Manoharan, Saissan Rajendran, Praveen Ravindran, Christopher J Young
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to determine if age at the creation of an ileal pouchanal anastomosis (IPAA) has an impact on the outcomes in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients who underwent IPAA for UC from 1999 to 2011 was performed. Long-term functional outcome was assessed using both the Cleveland Clinic and St Mark's incontinence scores. RESULTS: Eighty-nine patients, with a median age of 46 (range, 16 to 71) years, formed the study group...
March 2015: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
D Söhngen, C Balzer, M Fuchs, D Waldschmidt
BACKGROUND: Patients with ileostomies regularly suffer from short bowel syndrome or high volume output associated with loss of absorptive surface and subsequent impairment of absorption for drugs and different nutrients resulting in electrolyte and fluid balance disorders as well as renal insufficiency. Adaptation of these fundamental functions of the gut with adequate fluid uptake, absorption of sufficient different nutrients and vitamins represents a major challenge to rehabilitate these patients shortly after surgery...
April 2015: Die Rehabilitation
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2015: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
Kamran Rostami, David Al Dulaimi
Elemental diet (ED) has been used widely in the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, especially with the management of Crohn's disease. This modality of diets provides all essential nutrients, and contains protein in the form of free amino acids that are theoretically easily absorbed. High output ileostomies are a rare but important complications of stoma formation following bowel surgery. Treatments could be challenging and include anti-diarrhoeals, octreotide and proton pump inhibitors. There is very little research regarding the use of elemental diets in the treatment of patients with post-operative high ileostomy outputs...
2015: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
Carla Margiani, Luigi Zorcolo, Paolo Mura, Marcello Saba, Angelo Restivo, Francesco Scintu
INTRODUCTION: Lactic acidosis is a well-known complication of the anti-hyperglycemic biguanide agent metformin, especially in peculiar but not rare clinical conditions. Attempts to reduce the incidence of this adverse reaction have been enforced by national agencies over the years. The Italian Medicines Agency recently released a safety recommendation on prescribing the drug and with regard to the existence of several conditions that contraindicate drug continuation, such as dehydration, infection, hypotension, surgery or hyperosmolar contrast agent infusion, but the recommendation does not mention the increased risk related to stoma...
2014: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Jose Javier Arenas Villafranca, Jimena Abilés, Gloria Moreno, Begoña Tortajada Goitia, Pilar Utrilla Navarro, Norberto Gándara Adán
High output stoma is a frequent complication in patients with ileostomies that is not well identified and is not often properly addressed by clinicians. It has not been described properly, and can vary between debits of 2.000ml in 24 h to 1.500 ml in 3-5 days, according to different authors. Frequently presents both short-term and long-term negative implications for patients and is associated with readmissions. We present a review of published literature focusing in surgical resection-related factors that influence a later appearance of this complication, causes involved in its development, the need to establish a clear and objective concept of high ouput as well as the negative implications it presents...
December 1, 2014: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Alison Crawshaw, Julia Williams, Fran Woodhouse
The psychological impact stoma surgery can have on an individual is well documented within the literature (White and Hunt, 1997; Borwell, 2009; Williams, 2005; Brown, 2005). For many years, surgeons have explored and developed innovations in surgical techniques, in particular restorative procedures with a view of preventing permanent stoma formation; ileal anal pouch (IAP) now being the surgical procedure of choice for treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC) and familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). However, high morbidity rates are associated with pouch longevity (Castillo et al 2005; Nessar and Wu, 2012) and once removed can lead to a high-output ileostomy with risks of electrolyte imbalance and malabsorption...
September 25, 2014: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Michelle A Glasgow, Kristin Shields, Rachel Isaksson Vogel, Deanna Teoh, Peter A Argenta
OBJECTIVES: Ileostomy results in a relatively poorer water reabsorption and is associated with dehydration and renal injury. These problems may be exacerbated in the setting of gynecologic cancers owing to both patient and disease-related factors. We evaluated the rate and reasons for hospital readmission within 30 days of ileostomy creation in patients with a gynecologic malignancy. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of women with gynecologic malignancies who underwent ileostomy creation between 2002 and 2013...
September 2014: Gynecologic Oncology
M Crealey, M Walsh, S Awadalla, J F A Murphy
The early post-ileostomy medical management of neonates is not clearly defined. A retrospective chart review of all infants who received an ileostomy March 2010-December 2011, identified the post-operative ileostomy progress of each infant. There were 16 cases of neonatal ileostomy during the study period. Over the first 14 postoperative days there was no weight gain. By 21 days the infants were gaining a median 140 g/week. The median stoma output was 5 mls/kg/dy during the first 7 days increasing to 17.5-20 mIs/kg/dy...
May 2014: Irish Medical Journal
D A Cristian, F A Grama, T Burcoş, A Bordea
The paper presents a simplified method for performing a temporary protective loop ileostomy as a result of our experience in 33 cases of low rectal resections for cancer.The particularities of this technique are: the skin incision is smaller than the muscle one, the seromuscular layer of the loop is fixed at the skin level only by marking a small portion of the antimesenteric wall, with no mucosal eversion. No supporting rod is used. The reversal requires resection of the thickened freemargins and enterorrhaphy...
March 2014: Chirurgia
Megan O'Neil, Daniel H Teitelbaum, Mary Beth Harris
Patients with high-output small bowel ostomies are at risk for total body sodium depletion (TBSD), defined as a urine sodium level <10 mmol/L. Failure to thrive (FTT) as a consequence of TBSD has been reported in neonates with ileostomies; however, this has not been well described in older children. The records of all children beyond the age of infancy with a small bowel ostomy cared for in our Children's Intestinal Rehabilitation Program from 2010-2012 were reviewed. Four patients between the ages of 18 months and 19 years were identified as having TBSD...
June 2014: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Sonia Junquera Bañares, Eugenio Oria Mundín, José Ignacio Botella-Carretero
Zinc deficiency is relatively common in certain pathologies, although its clinical manifestation is uncommon. We present the case of a patient who was admitted presenting hyponatremic dehydration and pre-renal failure secondary to high-output ileostomy and oral intolerance. Although the ileostomy output was normalized within 3 days of admission and initial zinc plasma levels were normal, after being fed with TPN supplemented with 13 mg/day of zinc, he suffered a severe zinc deficit with enteropathic acrodermatitis that was completely resolved after one week with 26...
2014: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Junichi Hasegawa, Masaki Hirota, Ho Min Kim, Shoki Mikata, Junzo Shimizu, Yoshihito Soma, Riichiro Nezu
INTRODUCTION: Fecal diversion may be performed using various techniques. Each technique has advantages that affect patient selection. In this report, we report our experience with 31 patients who underwent single-incision laparoscopic stoma creation using only a pre-selected stoma site as the point of port access. METHODS: A 2.5-cm skin incision was made at a previously marked stoma site, and two 5-mm trocars were placed into the abdomen through the stoma site. An optional third trocar was inserted at the stoma site only if the bowel needed to be mobilized or if adhesions needed to be divided...
August 2013: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"