keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Metacognition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344696/systems-1-and-2-thinking-processes-and-cognitive-reflection-testing-in-medical-students
#1
Shu Wen Tay, Paul Ryan, C Anthony Ryan
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic decision-making is made through a combination of Systems 1 (intuition or pattern-recognition) and Systems 2 (analytic) thinking. The purpose of this study was to use the Cognitive Reflection Test (CRT) to evaluate and compare the level of Systems 1 and 2 thinking among medical students in pre-clinical and clinical programs. METHODS: The CRT is a three-question test designed to measure the ability of respondents to activate metacognitive processes and switch to System 2 (analytic) thinking where System 1 (intuitive) thinking would lead them astray...
October 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340399/metacognition-in-the-classroom-the-association-between-students-exam-predictions-and-their-desired-grades
#2
Gabriel D Saenz, Lisa Geraci, Tyler M Miller, Robert Tirso
Students are overconfident when making grade predictions, and worse, the lowest-performing students are generally the most overconfident. Because metacognitive accuracy is associated with academic performance, multiple studies have attempted to improve metacognitive accuracy with mixed results. However, these studies may be of limited use because we do not understand the types of information university students use to make performance predictions. The current studies examined the possibility that university students' predictions are associated with their desires-the grade they want to receive...
March 21, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337949/efficacy-of-metacognitive-therapy-for-hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-among-iranian-couples
#3
Mohammad Arash Ramezani, Khodabakhsh Ahmadi, Mohammadali Besharat, Sima Noohi, Afagh Ghaemmaghami
OBJECTIVE: The aim of present study was to compare the efficacy of metacognitive therapy (MCT) against Masters-Johnson sex therapy (MJST) for hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) in Iranian couples. METHODS: A randomized treatment trial was conducted. Participants were recruited from the family counseling clinics in Tehran and Isfahan. All were suffering from HSDD as defined by DSM-IV-R criteria. They were assigned randomly to two groups that received 10 sessions of either MCT or MJST...
March 24, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334488/the-metacognition-assessment-scale-mas-a-results-of-a-pilot-study-applying-a-german-translation-to-individuals-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#4
Anna-Lena Bröcker, Samuel Bayer, Frauke Stuke, Patrick Giemsa, Andreas Heinz, Felix Bermpohl, Paul H Lysaker, Christiane Montag
OBJECTIVES: Metacognition, the capacity 'to think about thinking' and thus to reflect and to master interpersonal problems on a mentalistic basis, is often impaired among patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and has been suggested as a potential treatment target. However, little is known about the reliability of its measurement and links with related phenomena. The aim of this study was to validate a German translation of the Metacognition Assessment Scale (MAS-A) as a measure to assess metacognition from free narratives of patients' personally relevant episodes and relationships...
March 23, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333482/the-forward-testing-effect-on-self-regulated-study-time-allocation-and-metamemory-monitoring
#5
Chunliang Yang, Rosalind Potts, David R Shanks
The forward testing effect describes the finding that testing of previously studied information potentiates learning and retention of new information. Here we asked whether interim testing boosts self-regulated study time allocation when learning new information and explored its effect on metamemory monitoring. Participants had unlimited time to study five lists of Euskara-English word pairs (Experiment 1) or four lists of face-name pairs (Experiment 2). In a no interim test group, which was only tested on the final list, study time decreased across successive lists...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332911/socially-mediated-metacognition-for-understanding-science-of-learning-in-medical-education
#6
Shien Chue
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327147/medical-student-changes-in-self-regulated-learning-during-the-transition-to-the-clinical-environment
#7
Kenneth K Cho, Brahm Marjadi, Vicki Langendyk, Wendy Hu
BACKGROUND: Self-regulated learning (SRL), which is learners' ability to proactively select and use different strategies to reach learning goals, is associated with academic and clinical success and life-long learning. SRL does not develop automatically in the clinical environment and its development during the preclinical to clinical learning transition has not been quantitatively studied. Our study aims to fill this gap by measuring SRL in medical students during the transitional period and examining its contributing factors...
March 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325582/a-novel-framework-for-understanding-reduced-awareness-of-dyskinesias-in-parkinson-s-disease
#8
Sara Palermo, Leonardo Lopiano, Maurizio Zibetti, Rosalba Rosato, Daniela Leotta, Martina Amanzio
BACKGROUND: Although dyskinesias-reduced-self-awareness (DRSA) in Parkinson's disease (PD) is related to deficit in metacognition, other factors, such as "Theory of Mind" (ToM), could operate. METHODS: Forty-one PD patients were assessed using the Global Awareness of Movement Disorders (GAM) and the Dyskinesias Subtracted-Index (DS-I). To study whether GAM and DS-I scores could be influenced by second-type ToM or Reading the Mind in the Eyes (RME) tasks, we conducted two multiple logistic regression analyses...
March 16, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321200/the-importance-of-metamemory-functioning-to-the-pathogenesis-of-psychosis
#9
REVIEW
Sarah Eisenacher, Mathias Zink
Many studies up to date have implied that biases in the metacognition of memory, so called metamemory, contribute to the development and maintenance of positive symptoms in schizophrenia. However, no study exists which has longitudinally followed patients experiencing positive symptoms. The present article therefore reviews cross-sectional studies on retrospective metamemory abilities in participants within different stages of a schizophrenia spectrum disorder, with heterogeneous symptom severities, creating a pseudo-longitudinal overview...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316567/distinct-functional-connectivities-predict-clinical-response-with-emotion-regulation-therapy
#10
REVIEW
David M Fresco, Amy K Roy, Samantha Adelsberg, Saren Seeley, Emmanuel García-Lesy, Conor Liston, Douglas S Mennin
Despite the success of available medical and psychosocial treatments, a sizable subgroup of individuals with commonly co-occurring disorders, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and major depressive disorder (MDD), fail to make sufficient treatment gains thereby prolonging their deficits in life functioning and satisfaction. Clinically, these patients often display temperamental features reflecting heightened sensitivity to underlying motivational systems related to threat/safety and reward/loss (e.g., somatic anxiety) as well as inordinate negative self-referential processing (e...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316273/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-brief-cognitive-remediation-targeting-metacognition-in-acute-inpatients-with-psychosis-a-case-series
#11
Dimosthenis Tsapekos, Rumina Taylor, Matteo Cella
Cognitive remediation (CR) is an intensive intervention targeting cognitive impairment with the aim of improving functioning in people with psychotic disorders. Shorter forms of CR based on metacognition and targeting awareness of cognitive problems may be more appropriate for acute inpatient settings where time is limited. The objective of the study was to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a new brief course of CR targeting cognitive and metacognitive difficulties within an acute inpatient psychiatric setting...
March 20, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295802/cognitive-and-metacognitive-predictors-of-symptom-improvement-following-treatment-for-social-anxiety-disorder-a-secondary-analysis-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Henrik Nordahl, Hans M Nordahl, Odin Hjemdal, Adrian Wells
Cognitive therapy for social anxiety disorder (SAD) based on the Clark and Wells model emphasizes negative beliefs about the social self and self-consciousness as central causal factors. However, Wells' metacognitive model proposes that metacognitive beliefs are central to pathology universally. The relative importance of cognitive and metacognitive beliefs in the treatment of SAD is therefore an important research question. This study examined change in negative cognitive and negative metacognitive beliefs as independent correlates of symptom improvement in 46 SAD patients undergoing evidence-based treatments...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295211/preschoolers-understanding-of-how-others-learn-through-action-and-instruction
#13
David M Sobel, Susan M Letourneau
It is widely believed that exploration is a mechanism for young children's learning. The present investigation examines preschoolers' beliefs about how learning occurs. We asked 3- to 5-year-olds to articulate how characters in a set of stories learned about a new toy. Younger preschoolers were more likely to overemphasize the role of characters' actions in learning than older children were (Experiment 1, N = 53). Overall performance improved when the stories explicitly stated that characters were originally ignorant and clarified the characters' actions, but general developmental trends remained (Experiment 2, N = 48)...
March 10, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289919/patients-with-chronic-conditions-simulate-to-educate
#14
Thomas Lefèvre, Rémi Gagnayre, Maxime Gignon
Simulation in healthcare in an way to train professionals but it is not yet use commonly to train patient or their caregivers. Recently, it has been suggested to extend simulations to patients with chronic conditions. Simulations could help patients and caregivers to acquire psychosocial and self-management skills. This approach proved to be effective for the training of healthcare professionals, but its transferability to patients needs to be evaluated. Already, several questions arise. However, by considering simulations as pretexts for debriefing, they enable patients and professionals to assess a concrete situation, implying voluntary and reflexive learning processes...
March 13, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287137/subjective-experience-of-difficulty-depends-on-multiple-cues
#15
Kobe Desender, Filip Van Opstal, Eva Van den Bussche
Human cognition is characterized by subjective experiences that go along with our actions, but the nature and stability of these experiences remain largely unclear. In the current report, the subjective experience of difficulty is studied and it is proposed that this experience is constructed by integrating information from multiple cues. Such an account can explain the tight relationship between primary task performance and subjective difficulty, while allowing for dissociations between both to occur. Confirming this hypothesis, response conflict, reaction time and response repetition were identified as variables that contribute to the experience of difficulty...
March 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285571/prospective-memory-intervention-using-visual-imagery-in-individuals-with-brain-injury
#16
Sarah A Raskin, Michael P Smith, Ginger Mills, Consuelo Pedro, Marta Zamroziewicz
Prospective memory deficits are common after brain injury and can create impediments to independent living. Most approaches to management of such deficits are compensatory, such as the use of notebooks or electronic devices. While these can be effective, a restorative approach, in theory, could lead to greater generalisation of treatment. In the current study a metacognitive technique, using visual imagery, was employed under conditions of rote repetition and spaced retrieval. Treatment was provided in an AB-BA crossover design with A as the active treatment and B as a no-treatment attention control to 20 individuals with brain injury...
March 12, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283961/integrating-the-constructs-of-anosognosia-and-metacognition-a-review-of-recent-findings-in-dementia
#17
REVIEW
Preeti Sunderaraman, Stephanie Cosentino
The current review integrates recent findings regarding the construct of self-awareness in dementia from both clinical and cognitive perspectives. We present the predominant theoretical models of awareness and summarize both traditional and emerging approaches to assessing awareness from clinical and meta-cognitive perspectives. In this review, we focus primarily on findings from recent studies in anosognosia and meta-cognition in the context of neurodegenerative disease with special emphasis on Alzheimer's disease and frontotemporal dementia...
March 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278588/optimising-activity-and-participation-outcomes-for-people-with-self-awareness-impairments-related-to-acquired-brain-injury-an-interventions-systematic-review
#18
Lisa Engel, Adora Chui, Yael Goverover, Deirdre R Dawson
Impaired self-awareness related to acquired brain injury (ABI-ISA) can result in limitations in daily living activities and community participation. We hypothesise that with the appropriate interventions, outcomes for adults with ABI-ISA can be enhanced. The objectives of the study were to describe and examine critically the non-pharmacological intervention literature and to identify intervention elements that optimise everyday living outcomes in adults with ABI-ISA. Two reviewers selected articles and extracted data using five databases, a review protocol, and systematic review standards (i...
March 3, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276980/caffeine-cravings-impair-memory-and-metacognition
#19
Matthew A Palmer, James D Sauer, Angus Ling, Joshua Riza
Cravings for food and other substances can impair cognition. We extended previous research by testing the effects of caffeine cravings on cued-recall and recognition memory tasks, and on the accuracy of judgements of learning (JOLs; predicted future recall) and feeling-of-knowing (FOK; predicted future recognition for items that cannot be recalled). Participants (N = 55) studied word pairs (POND-BOOK) and completed a cued-recall test and a recognition test. Participants made JOLs prior to the cued-recall test and FOK judgements prior to the recognition test...
February 16, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260182/brief-report-examining-executive-and-social-functioning-in-elementary-aged-children-with-autism
#20
Laura MacMullen Freeman, Jill Locke, Erin Rotheram-Fuller, David Mandell
There is a paucity of literature examining the relationship between executive and social functioning in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Twenty-three school-aged children with ASD participated. Executive functioning was measured using the Developmental Neuropsychological Assessment, Second Edition and Differential Ability Scales, Second Edition, and the teacher-rated Behavior Rating of Inventory of Executive Function. Independent assessors observed children's social functioning on the playground while children with ASD and their peers completed a survey to measure peer friendships and rejections...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
keyword
keyword
33056
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"