keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Metacognition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088679/post-event-processing-in-social-anxiety-disorder-examining-the-mediating-roles-of-positive-metacognitive-beliefs-and-perceptions-of-performance
#1
Dubravka Gavric, David A Moscovitch, Karen Rowa, Randi E McCabe
BACKGROUND: Post-event processing (PEP) is defined as repetitive negative thinking following anxiety provoking social events. PEP is thought to maintain anxiety symptoms in Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) but little is known about the specific factors that contribute to the maintenance of PEP. AIMS: The current study investigated how perceptions of performance and positive metacognitive beliefs might contribute to the persistence of PEP. METHOD: Participants with SAD (n = 24) as well as anxious (n = 24) and healthy (n = 25) control participants completed a standardized social performance task in the lab...
January 4, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080971/interoceptive-dimensions-across-cardiac-and-respiratory-axes
#2
Sarah N Garfinkel, Miranda F Manassei, Giles Hamilton-Fletcher, Yvo In den Bosch, Hugo D Critchley, Miriam Engels
Interoception refers to the sensing of signals concerning the internal state of the body. Individual differences in interoceptive sensitivity are proposed to account for differences in affective processing, including the expression of anxiety. The majority of investigations of interoceptive accuracy focus on cardiac signals, typically using heartbeat detection tests and self-report measures. Consequently, little is known about how different organ-specific axes of interoception relate to each other or to symptoms of anxiety...
November 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080970/differentiating-attention-styles-and-regulatory-aspects-of-self-reported-interoceptive-sensibility
#3
REVIEW
Wolf Mehling
Based on prior research, multiple discriminable dimensions of interoception have been defined: awareness, accuracy and sensibility. Some investigators defined interoceptive awareness as metacognitive awareness of interoceptive accuracy, assessed as correspondence between subjective confidence in and objective accuracy of one's heartbeat detection. However, metacognitive awareness has been understood quite differently: 'a cognitive set in which negative thoughts/feelings are experienced as mental events, rather than as the self' or as 'error awareness'...
November 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080965/feeling-learning-from-and-being-aware-of-inner-states-interoceptive-dimensions-in-neurodegeneration-and-stroke
#4
Indira García-Cordero, Lucas Sedeño, Laura de la Fuente, Andrea Slachevsky, Gonzalo Forno, Francisco Klein, Patricia Lillo, Jesica Ferrari, Clara Rodriguez, Julian Bustin, Teresa Torralva, Sandra Baez, Adrian Yoris, Sol Esteves, Margherita Melloni, Paula Salamone, David Huepe, Facundo Manes, Adolfo M García, Agustín Ibañez
Interoception is a complex process encompassing multiple dimensions, such as accuracy, learning and awareness. Here, we examined whether each of those dimensions relies on specialized neural regions distributed throughout the vast interoceptive network. To this end, we obtained relevant measures of cardiac interoception in healthy subjects and patients offering contrastive lesion models of neurodegeneration and focal brain damage: behavioural variant fronto-temporal dementia (bvFTD), Alzheimer's disease (AD) and fronto-insular stroke...
November 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071830/awareness-of-functional-ability-in-people-with-early-stage-dementia
#5
Anthony Martyr, Linda Clare
OBJECTIVES: Assessment of functional ability in people with early-stage dementia (PwD) is an important area of study because it forms part of the diagnostic process and may help in monitoring disease progression. Most researchers and clinicians rely on informant ratings rather than observing actual functional performance or employing self-ratings. There has however been little research to verify whether informant ratings of functioning are accurate, and there has been even less research investigating the accuracy of self-ratings of functional ability in PwD...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068499/metacognitive-interpersonal-therapy-for-personality-disorders-swinging-from-emotional-over-regulation-to-dysregulation-a-case-study
#6
Giampalo Salvatore, Raffaele Popolo, Luisa Buonocore, Anna Maria Ferrigno, Mariagrazia Proto, Anna Sateriale, Marianna Serio, Giancarlo Dimaggio
Many patients with personality disorders (PD) display emotional inhibition or over-regulation (EOR); others display emotional dysregulation (ED)- heightened sensitivity to emotional stimuli with difficulty toning down arousal. To date, most treatments focus on patients with ED, particularly those with borderline disorders, though some focus on EOR. Patients with complex PD often swing from periods of EOR to ED. In this paper, we describe an adaptation of metacognitive interpersonal therapy (MIT), which has been manualized for treating PD with prominent EOR and is aimed at dealing with patients fluctuating from EOR to ED...
December 31, 2016: American Journal of Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057075/the-efficacy-of-prospective-memory-rehabilitation-plus-metacognitive-skills-training-for-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Jennifer Fleming, Tamara Ownsworth, Emmah Doig, Lauren Hutton, Janelle Griffin, Melissa Kendall, David H K Shum
BACKGROUND: Impairment of prospective memory (PM) is common following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and negatively impacts on independent living. Compensatory approaches to PM rehabilitation have been found to minimize the impact of PM impairment in adults with TBI; however, poor self-awareness after TBI poses a major barrier to the generalization of compensatory strategies in daily life. Metacognitive skills training (MST) is a cognitive rehabilitation approach that aims to facilitate the development of self-awareness in adults with TBI...
January 5, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056361/a-metacognitive-model-of-procrastination
#8
Bruce A Fernie, Zinnia Bharucha, Ana V Nikčević, Claudia Marino, Marcantonio M Spada
BACKGROUND: procrastination refers to the delay or postponement of task or decision-making initiation or completion and is often conceptualised as a failure of self-regulation. Recent research has suggested that metacognitions play a role in procrastination and that unintentional procrastination (UP), as opposed to intentional procrastination (IP), may be the most problematic form of this behaviour. We aimed to test a metacognitive model of procrastination that was grounded in the Self-Regulatory Executive Function model...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045298/rats-show-adaptive-choice-in-a-metacognitive-task-with-high-uncertainty
#9
Shoko Yuki, Kazuo Okanoya
Metacognition refers to the use of one's cognitive processes to coordinate behavior. Many higher cognitive functions such as feeling-of-knowing judgment and theory of mind are thought to be metacognitive processes. Although some primate species also show this ability in the form of behavioral control, a rodent model of metacognition is required for advanced studies of this phenomenon at behavioral, molecular, and neural levels. Here we show that rats could reliably be trained in a metacognitive task. The rats were trained to remember the location of a nose-poke hole and later indicate the location via a behavioral task...
January 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Animal Learning and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043161/the-metacognitions-questionnaire-30
#10
Thomas A Fergus, Joseph R Bardeen
The Metacognitions Questionnaire-30 (MCQ-30) is a self-report measure that assesses metacognitive beliefs (i.e., beliefs about thinking). Prior research has supported a correlated five-factor model, but no known published study has examined the tenability of second-order or bifactor models of the MCQ-30. Results supported a bifactor model of the MCQ-30 in a sample of community adults from the United States ( N = 785), as well as separately among men ( n = 372) and women ( n = 413). Multiple-groups confirmatory factor analysis supported the configural and metric/scalar invariance of the bifactor model among men and women...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033512/the-beliefs-about-paranoia-scale-confirmatory-factor-analysis-and-tests-of-a-metacognitive-model-of-paranoia-in-a-clinical-sample
#11
Elizabeth K Murphy, Sarah Tully, Melissa Pyle, Andrew I Gumley, David Kingdon, Matthias Schwannauer, Douglas Turkington, Anthony P Morrison
This study aimed to confirm the factor structure of the Beliefs about Paranoia Scale (BaPS), a self-report measure to assess metacognitive beliefs about paranoia, and to test hypotheses of a metacognitive model. We hypothesised that positive and negative beliefs about paranoia would be associated with severity of suspiciousness, and that the co-occurrence of positive and negative beliefs would be associated with increased suspiciousness. A total of 335 patients meeting criteria for a schizophrenia spectrum disorder completed the BaPS, the Positive and Negative Syndromes Scale (PANSS), and the Psychotic Symptom Rating Scales (PSYRATS)...
November 12, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031314/paracetamol-use-during-pregnancy-and-attention-and-executive-function-in-offspring-at-age-5-years
#12
Zeyan Liew, Cathrine Carlsen Bach, Robert F Asarnow, Beate Ritz, Jørn Olsen
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggested that inutero exposure to paracetamol, the most common pain and fever medication used in pregnancy, may affect neurodevelopment in offspring. We aim to examine whether maternal use of paracetamol during pregnancy affects the attention and executive function of children at age 5 years. METHODS: We studied 1491 mothers and children enrolled in the Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC; 1996-2002). Prenatal paracetamol use was prospectively recorded in three telephone interviews...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028197/limited-cognitive-resources-explain-a-tradeoff-between-perceptual-and-metacognitive-vigilance
#13
Brian Maniscalco, Li Yan McCurdy, Brian Odegaard, Hakwan Lau
: Why do experimenters give subjects short breaks in long behavioral experiments? Whereas earlier studies suggest it is difficult to maintain attention and vigilance over long periods of time, it is unclear precisely what mechanisms benefit from rest after short experimental blocks. Here, we evaluate decline in both perceptual performance and metacognitive sensitivity (i.e., how well confidence ratings track perceptual decision accuracy) over time, and investigate whether characteristics of prefrontal cortical areas correlate with these measures...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012361/how-are-we-assessing-near-peer-teaching-in-undergraduate-health-professional-education-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Susan Irvine, Brett Williams, Lisa McKenna
BACKGROUND: Near Peer teaching (NPT) is reported as an effective pedagogical approach to student learning and performance. Studies in medicine, nursing and health sciences have relied mainly on self-reports to describe its benefits, focusing on psychomotor and cognitive aspects of learning. Despite increasing research reports on peer teaching internationally, little is known about the various domains of learning used in assessment of performance and objective learning outcomes of NPT...
December 16, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006989/development-of-a-paradigm-for-studying-the-effects-of-brief-goal-management-training-with-implementation-intentions
#15
Satu Baylan, Jonathan Evans
Cognitive rehabilitation interventions such as Goal Management Training (GMT) and the Implementation Intentions strategy have been developed with the aim of improving prospective memory (PM) in everyday life. The aim of this study was to provide "proof of concept" for an experimental paradigm that could be used to evaluate the effects of Goal Management Implementation Intentions training (GMTii) derived from the principles of GMT and Implementation Intentions. Thirty adults were randomised to either GMTii or a control training condition...
December 23, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006729/can-observing-a-necker-cube-make-you-more-insightful
#16
Ruben E Laukkonen, Jason M Tangen
It is a compelling idea that an image as simple as a Necker cube, or a duck-rabbit illusion, can reveal something about a person's creativity. Surprisingly, there are now multiple examples showing that people who are better at discovering 'hidden' images in a picture, are also better at solving some creative problems. Although this idea goes back at least a century, little is known about how these two tasks-that seem so different on the surface-are related to each other. At least some forms of creativity (and indeed scientific discoveries) may require that we change our perspectives in order to discover a novel solution to a problem...
December 19, 2016: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005458/discriminating-between-first-and-second-order-cognition-in-first-episode-paranoid-schizophrenia
#17
Vibeke Bliksted, Erla Samuelsen, Kristian Sandberg, Bo Martin Bibby, Morten Storm Overgaard
INTRODUCTION: An impairment of visually perceiving backward masked stimuli is commonly observed in patients with schizophrenia, yet it is unclear whether this impairment is the result of a deficiency in first or higher order processing and for which subtypes of schizophrenia it is present. METHODS: Here, we compare identification (first order) and metacognitive (higher order) performance in a visual masking paradigm between a highly homogenous group of young first-episode patients diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia (N = 11) to that of carefully matched healthy controls (N = 13)...
December 22, 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004960/self-evaluation-of-decision-making-a-general-bayesian-framework-for-metacognitive-computation
#18
Stephen M Fleming, Nathaniel D Daw
People are often aware of their mistakes, and report levels of confidence in their choices that correlate with objective performance. These metacognitive assessments of decision quality are important for the guidance of behavior, particularly when external feedback is absent or sporadic. However, a computational framework that accounts for both confidence and error detection is lacking. In addition, accounts of dissociations between performance and metacognition have often relied on ad hoc assumptions, precluding a unified account of intact and impaired self-evaluation...
January 2017: Psychological Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991814/examining-the-incremental-contribution-of-metacognitive-beliefs-beyond-content-specific-beliefs-in-relation-to-posttraumatic-stress-in-a-community-sample
#19
Thomas A Fergus, Joseph R Bardeen
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive-behavioral models of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) propose that the content of one's thoughts, including negative beliefs about the self, others, and world, play a fundamental role in our understanding and treatment of PTSD. Metacognitive theory suggests that metacognitive beliefs (i.e., beliefs about thinking), rather than content-specific beliefs, underlie PTSD. The present study provided the first known examination of the incremental contribution of metacognitive beliefs and trauma-related cognitions in relation to posttraumatic stress...
December 19, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990498/big-data-based-decision-support-systems-to-improve-clinicians-cognition
#20
Don Roosan, Matthew Samore, Makoto Jones, Yarden Livnat, Justin Clutter
Complex clinical decision-making could be facilitated by using population health data to inform clinicians. In two previous studies, we interviewed 16 infectious disease experts to understand complex clinical reasoning. For this study, we focused on answers from the experts on how clinical reasoning can be supported by population-based Big-Data. We found cognitive strategies such as trajectory tracking, perspective taking, and metacognition has the potential to improve clinicians' cognition to deal with complex problems...
2016: IEEE International Conference on Healthcare Informatics IEEE International Conference on Healthcare Informatics
keyword
keyword
33056
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"