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Michael Reich

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773666/ancient-genomes-document-multiple-waves-of-migration-in-southeast-asian-prehistory
#1
Mark Lipson, Olivia Cheronet, Swapan Mallick, Nadin Rohland, Marc Oxenham, Michael Pietrusewsky, Thomas Oliver Pryce, Anna Willis, Hirofumi Matsumura, Hallie Buckley, Kate Domett, Nguyen Giang Hai, Trinh Hoang Hiep, Aung Aung Kyaw, Tin Tin Win, Baptiste Pradier, Nasreen Broomandkhoshbacht, Francesca Candilio, Piya Changmai, Daniel Fernandes, Matthew Ferry, Beatriz Gamarra, Eadaoin Harney, Jatupol Kampuansai, Wibhu Kutanan, Megan Michel, Mario Novak, Jonas Oppenheimer, Kendra Sirak, Kristin Stewardson, Zhao Zhang, Pavel Flegontov, Ron Pinhasi, David Reich
Southeast Asia is home to rich human genetic and linguistic diversity, but the details of past population movements in the region are not well known. Here, we report genome-wide ancient DNA data from eighteen Southeast Asian individuals spanning from the Neolithic period through the Iron Age (4100-1700 years ago). Early farmers from Man Bac in Vietnam exhibit a mixture of East Asian (southern Chinese agriculturalist) and deeply diverged eastern Eurasian (hunter-gatherer) ancestry characteristic of Austroasiatic speakers, with similar ancestry as far south as Indonesia providing evidence for an expansive initial spread of Austroasiatic languages...
May 17, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750455/s3-leitlinie-zur-therapie-der-psoriasis-vulgaris-update-kurzfassung-teil-1-systemische-therapie
#2
Alexander Nast, Lasse Amelunxen, Matthias Augustin, Wolf-Henning Boehncke, Corinna Dressler, Matthew Gaskins, Peter Härle, Bernd Hoffstadt, Joachim Klaus, Joachim Koza, Ulrich Mrowietz, Hans-Michael Ockenfels, Sandra Philipp, Kristian Reich, Thomas Rosenbach, Berthold Rzany, Martin Schlaeger, Gerhard Schmid-Ott, Michael Sebastian, Ralph von Kiedrowski, Tobias Weberschock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750443/s3-guideline-for-the-treatment-of-psoriasis-vulgaris-update-short-version-part-1-systemic-treatment
#3
Alexander Nast, Lasse Amelunxen, Matthias Augustin, Wolf-Henning Boehncke, Corinna Dressler, Matthew Gaskins, Peter Härle, Bernd Hoffstadt, Joachim Klaus, Joachim Koza, Ulrich Mrowietz, Hans-Michael Ockenfels, Sandra Philipp, Kristian Reich, Thomas Rosenbach, Berthold Rzany, Martin Schlaeger, Gerhard Schmid-Ott, Michael Sebastian, Ralph von Kiedrowski, Tobias Weberschock
The German guideline for the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris was updated using GRADE methodology. The guideline is based on a systematic literature review completed on December 1, 2016, and on a formal consensus and approval process. The first section of this short version of the guideline covers systemic treatment options considered relevant by the expert panel and approved in Germany at the time of the consensus conference (acitretin, adalimumab, apremilast, cyclosporine, etanercept, fumaric acid esters, infliximab, methotrexate, secukinumab and ustekinumab)...
May 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681493/are-radiographic-and-direct-measures-of-acetabular-polyethylene-wear-comparable
#4
Krista K Parran, Christopher P Bechtel, Rebecca D Moore, Jeremy J Gebhart, Michael S Reich, Matthew J Kraay, Clare M Rimnac
BACKGROUND: All polyethylene acetabular liners wear over time, and numerous methods for calculating linear wear rates exist. The objective of this study was to compare 2-dimensional wear rates between direct, micrometer measurements and the computerized, edge-detection method using Hip Analysis Suite (HAS) 8.0.4.3. METHODS: Two groups of retrieved acetabular liners from Harris-Galante Prosthesis I and Harris-Galante Prosthesis II implants in situ for more than 10 years were evaluated...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644482/metabolic-syndrome-and-the-decreased-levels-of-uric-acid-by-leflunomide-favor-redox-imbalance-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#5
Neide Tomimura Costa, Bruna Miglioranza Scavuzzi, Tatiana Mayumi Veiga Iriyoda, Marcell Alysson Batisti Lozovoy, Daniela Frizon Alfieri, Fabiano Aparecido de Medeiros, Marcelo Cândido de Sá, Pâmela Lonardoni Micheletti, Bruno Alexandre Sekiguchi, Edna Maria Vissoci Reiche, Michael Maes, Andréa Name Colado Simão, Isaias Dichi
Oxidative stress plays a role in the pathophysiology of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The aim of the present study was to verify the influence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs on nitrosative and oxidative biomarkers in patients with RA. A total of 177 patients with RA and 150 healthy volunteers participated in this study, which measured lipid hydroperoxides, advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), nitric oxide metabolites (NOx), carbonyl protein, total radical-trapping antioxidant parameter (TRAP), uric acid (UA), and C-reactive protein (CRP)...
April 11, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614073/preprints-an-underutilized-mechanism-to-accelerate-outbreak-science
#6
Michael A Johansson, Nicholas G Reich, Lauren Ancel Meyers, Marc Lipsitch
In an Essay, Michael Johansson and colleagues advocate the posting of research studies addressing infectious disease outbreaks as preprints.
April 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567993/unexplored-therapeutic-opportunities-in-the-human-genome
#7
Tudor I Oprea, Cristian G Bologa, Søren Brunak, Allen Campbell, Gregory N Gan, Anna Gaulton, Shawn M Gomez, Rajarshi Guha, Anne Hersey, Jayme Holmes, Ajit Jadhav, Lars Juhl Jensen, Gary L Johnson, Anneli Karlson, Andrew R Leach, Avi Ma'ayan, Anna Malovannaya, Subramani Mani, Steven L Mathias, Michael T McManus, Terrence F Meehan, Christian von Mering, Daniel Muthas, Dac-Trung Nguyen, John P Overington, George Papadatos, Jun Qin, Christian Reich, Bryan L Roth, Stephan C Schürer, Anton Simeonov, Larry A Sklar, Noel Southall, Susumu Tomita, Ilinca Tudose, Oleg Ursu, Dušica Vidovic, Anna Waller, David Westergaard, Jeremy J Yang, Gergely Zahoránszky-Köhalmi
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/nrd.2018.14.
March 23, 2018: Nature Reviews. Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565364/erratum-the-beaker-phenomenon-and-the-genomic-transformation-of-northwest-europe
#8
Iñigo Olalde, Selina Brace, Morten E Allentoft, Ian Armit, Kristian Kristiansen, Thomas Booth, Nadin Rohland, Swapan Mallick, Anna Szécsényi-Nagy, Alissa Mittnik, Eveline Altena, Mark Lipson, Iosif Lazaridis, Thomas K Harper, Nick Patterson, Nasreen Broomandkhoshbacht, Yoan Diekmann, Zuzana Faltyskova, Daniel Fernandes, Matthew Ferry, Eadaoin Harney, Peter de Knijff, Megan Michel, Jonas Oppenheimer, Kristin Stewardson, Alistair Barclay, Kurt Werner Alt, Corina Liesau, Patricia Ríos, Concepción Blasco, Jorge Vega Miguel, Roberto Menduiña García, Azucena Avilés Fernández, Eszter Bánffy, Maria Bernabò-Brea, David Billoin, Clive Bonsall, Laura Bonsall, Tim Allen, Lindsey Büster, Sophie Carver, Laura Castells Navarro, Oliver E Craig, Gordon T Cook, Barry Cunliffe, Anthony Denaire, Kirsten Egging Dinwiddy, Natasha Dodwell, Michal Ernée, Christopher Evans, Milan Kuchařík, Joan Francès Farré, Chris Fowler, Michiel Gazenbeek, Rafael Garrido Pena, María Haber-Uriarte, Elżbieta Haduch, Gill Hey, Nick Jowett, Timothy Knowles, Ken Massy, Saskia Pfrengle, Philippe Lefranc, Olivier Lemercier, Arnaud Lefebvre, César Heras Martínez, Virginia Galera Olmo, Ana Bastida Ramírez, Joaquín Lomba Maurandi, Tona Majó, Jacqueline I McKinley, Kathleen McSweeney, Balázs Gusztáv Mende, Alessandra Modi, Gabriella Kulcsár, Viktória Kiss, András Czene, Róbert Patay, Anna Endrődi, Kitti Köhler, Tamás Hajdu, Tamás Szeniczey, János Dani, Zsolt Bernert, Maya Hoole, Olivia Cheronet, Denise Keating, Petr Velemínský, Miroslav Dobeš, Francesca Candilio, Fraser Brown, Raúl Flores Fernández, Ana-Mercedes Herrero-Corral, Sebastiano Tusa, Emiliano Carnieri, Luigi Lentini, Antonella Valenti, Alessandro Zanini, Clive Waddington, Germán Delibes, Elisa Guerra-Doce, Benjamin Neil, Marcus Brittain, Mike Luke, Richard Mortimer, Jocelyne Desideri, Marie Besse, Günter Brücken, Mirosław Furmanek, Agata Hałuszko, Maksym Mackiewicz, Artur Rapiński, Stephany Leach, Ignacio Soriano, Katina T Lillios, João Luís Cardoso, Michael Parker Pearson, Piotr Włodarczak, T Douglas Price, Pilar Prieto, Pierre-Jérôme Rey, Roberto Risch, Manuel A Rojo Guerra, Aurore Schmitt, Joël Serralongue, Ana Maria Silva, Václav Smrčka, Luc Vergnaud, João Zilhão, David Caramelli, Thomas Higham, Mark G Thomas, Douglas J Kennett, Harry Fokkens, Volker Heyd, Alison Sheridan, Karl-Göran Sjögren, Philipp W Stockhammer, Johannes Krause, Ron Pinhasi, Wolfgang Haak, Ian Barnes, Carles Lalueza-Fox, David Reich
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/nature25738.
March 21, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564375/a-nonsurgical-protocol-for-management-of-postarthroplasty-wound-drainage
#9
Michael S Reich, Kace A Ezzet
Persistent wound drainage after total joint arthroplasty can potentiate periprosthetic joint infection. Although current recommendations are to treat persistent wound drainage with surgical debridement, we believe nonoperative treatment may be successful in selected patients. We performed a retrospective analysis of 25 persistently draining hip and knee arthroplasty wounds treated with a protocol consisting of a combination of surgical site aspiration, closure of open wound edges, cessation of anticoagulants, activity modification, and antibiotics (in select patients)...
March 2018: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535631/quality-variation-of-goji-fruits-of-lycium-spp-in-china-a-comparative-morphological-and-metabolomic-analysis
#10
Ruyu Yao, Michael Heinrich, Yuanfeng Zou, Eike Reich, Xiaolei Zhang, Yu Chen, Caroline S Weckerle
Goji (fruits of Lycium barbarum L. and L. chinense Mill.) has been used in China as food and medicine for millennia, and globally has been consumed increasingly as a healthy food. Ningxia, with a semi-arid climate, always had the reputation of producing best goji quality ( daodi area). Recently, the increasing market demand pushed the cultivation into new regions with different climates. We therefore ask: How does goji quality differ among production areas of various climatic regions? Historical records are used to trace the spread of goji production in China over time...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526412/current-concepts-in-cleft-care-a-multicenter-analysis
#11
Oliver C Thiele, Matthias Kreppel, Anton Dunsche, Andre M Eckardt, Michael Ehrenfeld, Bernd Fleiner, Volker Gaßling, Gerd Gehrke, Marcus Gerressen, Martin Gosau, Alexander Gröbe, Stefan Haßfeld, Max Heiland, Bodo Hoffmeister, Frank Hölzle, Cornelius Klein, Maximilian Krüger, Alexander C Kübler, Norbert R Kübler, Johannes J Kuttenberger, Constantin Landes, Günter Lauer, Markus Martini, Erich T Merholz, Robert A Mischkowski, Bilal Al-Nawas, Emeka Nkenke, Jörn U Piesold, Winnie Pradel, Michael Rasse, Martin Rachwalski, Rudolf H Reich, Daniel Rothamel, Jan Rustemeyer, Martin Scheer, Henning Schliephake, Rainer Schmelzeisen, Alexander Schramm, Wiebke Schupp, Wolfgang J Spitzer, Erwin Stocker, Christian Stoll, Hendrik Terheyden, Alexander Voigt, Wilfried Wagner, Dieter Weingart, Richard Werkmeister, Jörg Wiltfang, Christoph M Ziegler, Joachim E Zöller
The current surgical techniques used in cleft repair are well established, but different centers use different approaches. To determine the best treatment for patients, a multi-center comparative study is required. In this study, we surveyed all craniofacial departments registered with the German Society of Maxillofacial Surgery to determine which cleft repair techniques are currently in use. Our findings revealed much variation in cleft repair between different centers. Although most centers did use a two-stage approach, the operative techniques and timing of lip and palate closure were different in every center...
April 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526098/structure-based-design-of-pyridone-aminal-eft508-targeting-dysregulated-translation-by-selective-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-interacting-kinases-1-and-2-mnk1-2-inhibition
#12
Siegfried H Reich, Paul A Sprengeler, Gary G Chiang, James R Appleman, Joan Chen, Jeff Clarine, Boreth Eam, Justin T Ernst, Qing Han, Vikas K Goel, Edward Z R Han, Vera Huang, Ivy N J Hung, Adrianna Jemison, Katti A Jessen, Jolene Molter, Douglas Murphy, Melissa Neal, Gregory S Parker, Michael Shaghafi, Samuel Sperry, Jocelyn Staunton, Craig R Stumpf, Peggy A Thompson, Chinh Tran, Stephen E Webber, Christopher J Wegerski, Hong Zheng, Kevin R Webster
Dysregulated translation of mRNA plays a major role in tumorigenesis. Mitogen-activated protein kinase interacting kinases (MNK)1/2 are key regulators of mRNA translation integrating signals from oncogenic and immune signaling pathways through phosphorylation of eIF4E and other mRNA binding proteins. Modulation of these key effector proteins regulates mRNA, which controls tumor/stromal cell signaling. Compound 23 (eFT508), an exquisitely selective, potent dual MNK1/2 inhibitor, was designed to assess the potential for control of oncogene signaling at the level of mRNA translation...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514719/protecting-healthcare-personnel-in-outpatient-settings-the-influence-of-mandatory-versus-nonmandatory-influenza-vaccination-policies-on-workplace-absenteeism-during-multiple-respiratory-virus-seasons
#13
John Frederick, Alexandria C Brown, Derek A Cummings, Charlotte A Gaydos, Cynthia L Gibert, Geoffrey J Gorse, Jenna G Los, Ann-Christine Nyquist, Trish M Perl, Connie S Price, Lewis J Radonovich, Nicholas G Reich, Maria C Rodriguez-Barradas, Mary T Bessesen, Michael S Simberkoff
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of mandatory and nonmandatory influenza vaccination policies on vaccination rates and symptomatic absenteeism among healthcare personnel (HCP). DESIGN Retrospective observational cohort study. SETTING This study took place at 3 university medical centers with mandatory influenza vaccination policies and 4 Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare systems with nonmandatory influenza vaccination policies. PARTICIPANTS The study included 2,304 outpatient HCP at mandatory vaccination sites and 1,759 outpatient HCP at nonmandatory vaccination sites...
April 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496168/st-john-s-wort-hypericum-perforatum-products-an-assessment-of-their-authenticity-and-quality
#14
Anthony Booker, Anastasia Agapouda, Débora A Frommenwiler, Francesca Scotti, Eike Reich, Michael Heinrich
BACKGROUND: St John's wort products (Hypericum perforatum L.) are widely available for sale in many countries including the UK via the internet. In the UK, these products are required to hold either a marketing authorisation or Traditional herbal registration (THR) to be sold legally. The THR and other regulatory schemes help to ensure product safety and quality providing an example of best practice but there is a risk if both regulated and un-regulated products continue to be available to consumers...
February 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486762/outcomes-and-costs-of-ranibizumab-and-aflibercept-treatment-in-a-health-service-research-context
#15
Martin K Schmid, Oliver Reich, Eva Blozik, Livia Faes, Nicolas S Bodmer, Silvan Locher, Michael A Thiel, Roland Rapold, Maximilian Kuhn, Lucas M Bachmann
BACKGROUND: To compare anti-VEGF treatments for macular disease in terms of costs and clinical outcomes. METHODS: We identified patients suffering from macular disease and treated either with aflibercept, ranibizumab or both at the largest public eye clinic in Switzerland between January 1st and December 31st 2016 who were insured in one of the two participating health insurance companies. Clinical data were extracted from the electronic health record system. The health insurers provided the health claim costs for the ophthalmologic care and the total health care costs of each patient in the observation period...
February 27, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483247/a-comprehensive-genomic-history-of-extinct-and-living-elephants
#16
Eleftheria Palkopoulou, Mark Lipson, Swapan Mallick, Svend Nielsen, Nadin Rohland, Sina Baleka, Emil Karpinski, Atma M Ivancevic, Thu-Hien To, R Daniel Kortschak, Joy M Raison, Zhipeng Qu, Tat-Jun Chin, Kurt W Alt, Stefan Claesson, Love Dalén, Ross D E MacPhee, Harald Meller, Alfred L Roca, Oliver A Ryder, David Heiman, Sarah Young, Matthew Breen, Christina Williams, Bronwen L Aken, Magali Ruffier, Elinor Karlsson, Jeremy Johnson, Federica Di Palma, Jessica Alfoldi, David L Adelson, Thomas Mailund, Kasper Munch, Kerstin Lindblad-Toh, Michael Hofreiter, Hendrik Poinar, David Reich
Elephantids are the world's most iconic megafaunal family, yet there is no comprehensive genomic assessment of their relationships. We report a total of 14 genomes, including 2 from the American mastodon, which is an extinct elephantid relative, and 12 spanning all three extant and three extinct elephantid species including an ∼120,000-y-old straight-tusked elephant, a Columbian mammoth, and woolly mammoths. Earlier genetic studies modeled elephantid evolution via simple bifurcating trees, but here we show that interspecies hybridization has been a recurrent feature of elephantid evolution...
March 13, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472638/unexplored-therapeutic-opportunities-in-the-human-genome
#17
REVIEW
Tudor I Oprea, Cristian G Bologa, Søren Brunak, Allen Campbell, Gregory N Gan, Anna Gaulton, Shawn M Gomez, Rajarshi Guha, Anne Hersey, Jayme Holmes, Ajit Jadhav, Lars Juhl Jensen, Gary L Johnson, Anneli Karlson, Andrew R Leach, Avi Ma'ayan, Anna Malovannaya, Subramani Mani, Stephen L Mathias, Michael T McManus, Terrence F Meehan, Christian von Mering, Daniel Muthas, Dac-Trung Nguyen, John P Overington, George Papadatos, Jun Qin, Christian Reich, Bryan L Roth, Stephan C Schürer, Anton Simeonov, Larry A Sklar, Noel Southall, Susumu Tomita, Ilinca Tudose, Oleg Ursu, Dušica Vidovic, Anna Waller, David Westergaard, Jeremy J Yang, Gergely Zahoránszky-Köhalmi
A large proportion of biomedical research and the development of therapeutics is focused on a small fraction of the human genome. In a strategic effort to map the knowledge gaps around proteins encoded by the human genome and to promote the exploration of currently understudied, but potentially druggable, proteins, the US National Institutes of Health launched the Illuminating the Druggable Genome (IDG) initiative in 2014. In this article, we discuss how the systematic collection and processing of a wide array of genomic, proteomic, chemical and disease-related resource data by the IDG Knowledge Management Center have enabled the development of evidence-based criteria for tracking the target development level (TDL) of human proteins, which indicates a substantial knowledge deficit for approximately one out of three proteins in the human proteome...
May 2018: Nature Reviews. Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466337/the-beaker-phenomenon-and-the-genomic-transformation-of-northwest-europe
#18
Iñigo Olalde, Selina Brace, Morten E Allentoft, Ian Armit, Kristian Kristiansen, Thomas Booth, Nadin Rohland, Swapan Mallick, Anna Szécsényi-Nagy, Alissa Mittnik, Eveline Altena, Mark Lipson, Iosif Lazaridis, Thomas K Harper, Nick Patterson, Nasreen Broomandkhoshbacht, Yoan Diekmann, Zuzana Faltyskova, Daniel Fernandes, Matthew Ferry, Eadaoin Harney, Peter de Knijff, Megan Michel, Jonas Oppenheimer, Kristin Stewardson, Alistair Barclay, Kurt Werner Alt, Corina Liesau, Patricia Ríos, Concepción Blasco, Jorge Vega Miguel, Roberto Menduiña García, Azucena Avilés Fernández, Eszter Bánffy, Maria Bernabò-Brea, David Billoin, Clive Bonsall, Laura Bonsall, Tim Allen, Lindsey Büster, Sophie Carver, Laura Castells Navarro, Oliver E Craig, Gordon T Cook, Barry Cunliffe, Anthony Denaire, Kirsten Egging Dinwiddy, Natasha Dodwell, Michal Ernée, Christopher Evans, Milan Kuchařík, Joan Francès Farré, Chris Fowler, Michiel Gazenbeek, Rafael Garrido Pena, María Haber-Uriarte, Elżbieta Haduch, Gill Hey, Nick Jowett, Timothy Knowles, Ken Massy, Saskia Pfrengle, Philippe Lefranc, Olivier Lemercier, Arnaud Lefebvre, César Heras Martínez, Virginia Galera Olmo, Ana Bastida Ramírez, Joaquín Lomba Maurandi, Tona Majó, Jacqueline I McKinley, Kathleen McSweeney, Balázs Gusztáv Mende, Alessandra Modi, Gabriella Kulcsár, Viktória Kiss, András Czene, Róbert Patay, Anna Endrődi, Kitti Köhler, Tamás Hajdu, Tamás Szeniczey, János Dani, Zsolt Bernert, Maya Hoole, Olivia Cheronet, Denise Keating, Petr Velemínský, Miroslav Dobeš, Francesca Candilio, Fraser Brown, Raúl Flores Fernández, Ana-Mercedes Herrero-Corral, Sebastiano Tusa, Emiliano Carnieri, Luigi Lentini, Antonella Valenti, Alessandro Zanini, Clive Waddington, Germán Delibes, Elisa Guerra-Doce, Benjamin Neil, Marcus Brittain, Mike Luke, Richard Mortimer, Jocelyne Desideri, Marie Besse, Günter Brücken, Mirosław Furmanek, Agata Hałuszko, Maksym Mackiewicz, Artur Rapiński, Stephany Leach, Ignacio Soriano, Katina T Lillios, João Luís Cardoso, Michael Parker Pearson, Piotr Włodarczak, T Douglas Price, Pilar Prieto, Pierre-Jérôme Rey, Roberto Risch, Manuel A Rojo Guerra, Aurore Schmitt, Joël Serralongue, Ana Maria Silva, Václav Smrčka, Luc Vergnaud, João Zilhão, David Caramelli, Thomas Higham, Mark G Thomas, Douglas J Kennett, Harry Fokkens, Volker Heyd, Alison Sheridan, Karl-Göran Sjögren, Philipp W Stockhammer, Johannes Krause, Ron Pinhasi, Wolfgang Haak, Ian Barnes, Carles Lalueza-Fox, David Reich
From around 2750 to 2500 bc, Bell Beaker pottery became widespread across western and central Europe, before it disappeared between 2200 and 1800 bc. The forces that propelled its expansion are a matter of long-standing debate, and there is support for both cultural diffusion and migration having a role in this process. Here we present genome-wide data from 400 Neolithic, Copper Age and Bronze Age Europeans, including 226 individuals associated with Beaker-complex artefacts. We detected limited genetic affinity between Beaker-complex-associated individuals from Iberia and central Europe, and thus exclude migration as an important mechanism of spread between these two regions...
March 8, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466330/the-genomic-history-of-southeastern-europe
#19
Iain Mathieson, Songül Alpaslan-Roodenberg, Cosimo Posth, Anna Szécsényi-Nagy, Nadin Rohland, Swapan Mallick, Iñigo Olalde, Nasreen Broomandkhoshbacht, Francesca Candilio, Olivia Cheronet, Daniel Fernandes, Matthew Ferry, Beatriz Gamarra, Gloria González Fortes, Wolfgang Haak, Eadaoin Harney, Eppie Jones, Denise Keating, Ben Krause-Kyora, Isil Kucukkalipci, Megan Michel, Alissa Mittnik, Kathrin Nägele, Mario Novak, Jonas Oppenheimer, Nick Patterson, Saskia Pfrengle, Kendra Sirak, Kristin Stewardson, Stefania Vai, Stefan Alexandrov, Kurt W Alt, Radian Andreescu, Dragana Antonović, Abigail Ash, Nadezhda Atanassova, Krum Bacvarov, Mende Balázs Gusztáv, Hervé Bocherens, Michael Bolus, Adina Boroneanţ, Yavor Boyadzhiev, Alicja Budnik, Josip Burmaz, Stefan Chohadzhiev, Nicholas J Conard, Richard Cottiaux, Maja Čuka, Christophe Cupillard, Dorothée G Drucker, Nedko Elenski, Michael Francken, Borislava Galabova, Georgi Ganetsovski, Bernard Gély, Tamás Hajdu, Veneta Handzhyiska, Katerina Harvati, Thomas Higham, Stanislav Iliev, Ivor Janković, Ivor Karavanić, Douglas J Kennett, Darko Komšo, Alexandra Kozak, Damian Labuda, Martina Lari, Catalin Lazar, Maleen Leppek, Krassimir Leshtakov, Domenico Lo Vetro, Dženi Los, Ivaylo Lozanov, Maria Malina, Fabio Martini, Kath McSweeney, Harald Meller, Marko Menđušić, Pavel Mirea, Vyacheslav Moiseyev, Vanya Petrova, T Douglas Price, Angela Simalcsik, Luca Sineo, Mario Šlaus, Vladimir Slavchev, Petar Stanev, Andrej Starović, Tamás Szeniczey, Sahra Talamo, Maria Teschler-Nicola, Corinne Thevenet, Ivan Valchev, Frédérique Valentin, Sergey Vasilyev, Fanica Veljanovska, Svetlana Venelinova, Elizaveta Veselovskaya, Bence Viola, Cristian Virag, Joško Zaninović, Steve Zäuner, Philipp W Stockhammer, Giulio Catalano, Raiko Krauß, David Caramelli, Gunita Zariņa, Bisserka Gaydarska, Malcolm Lillie, Alexey G Nikitin, Inna Potekhina, Anastasia Papathanasiou, Dušan Borić, Clive Bonsall, Johannes Krause, Ron Pinhasi, David Reich
Farming was first introduced to Europe in the mid-seventh millennium bc, and was associated with migrants from Anatolia who settled in the southeast before spreading throughout Europe. Here, to understand the dynamics of this process, we analysed genome-wide ancient DNA data from 225 individuals who lived in southeastern Europe and surrounding regions between 12000 and 500 bc. We document a west-east cline of ancestry in indigenous hunter-gatherers and, in eastern Europe, the early stages in the formation of Bronze Age steppe ancestry...
March 8, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457150/the-links-between-agriculture-anopheles-mosquitoes-and-malaria-risk-in-children-younger-than-5-years-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-a-population-based-cross-sectional-spatial-study
#20
Mark M Janko, Seth R Irish, Brian J Reich, Marc Peterson, Stephanie M Doctor, Melchior Kashamuka Mwandagalirwa, Joris L Likwela, Antoinette K Tshefu, Steven R Meshnick, Michael E Emch
Background: The relationship between agriculture, Anopheles mosquitoes, and malaria in Africa is not fully understood, but it is important for malaria control as countries consider expanding agricultural projects to address population growth and food demand. Therefore, we aimed to assess the effect of agriculture on Anopheles biting behaviour and malaria risk in children in rural areas of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo). Methods: We did a population-based, cross-sectional, spatial study of rural children (<5 years) in the DR Congo...
February 2018: Lancet. Planetary Health
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