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Catherine Goodman

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203253/the-use-of-laparoscopy-simulation-to-explore-gender-differences-in-resident-surgical-confidence
#1
Rebecca L Flyckt, Eliza E White, Linnea R Goodman, Catherine Mohr, Sanjeev Dutta, Kristine M Zanotti
Background. The objective of this study was to determine whether female surgical residents underestimate their surgical abilities relative to males on a standardized test of laparoscopic skill. Methods. Twenty-six male and female general surgery residents and 25 female obstetrics and gynecology residents at two academic centers were asked to predict their score prior to undergoing the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery standardized skills exam. Actual and predicted score as well as delta values (predicted score minus actual score) were compared between residents...
2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103614/enrichment-of-putative-pax8-target-genes-at-serous-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-susceptibility-loci
#2
Siddhartha P Kar, Emily Adler, Jonathan Tyrer, Dennis Hazelett, Hoda Anton-Culver, Elisa V Bandera, Matthias W Beckmann, Andrew Berchuck, Natalia Bogdanova, Louise Brinton, Ralf Butzow, Ian Campbell, Karen Carty, Jenny Chang-Claude, Linda S Cook, Daniel W Cramer, Julie M Cunningham, Agnieszka Dansonka-Mieszkowska, Jennifer Anne Doherty, Thilo Dörk, Matthias Dürst, Diana Eccles, Peter A Fasching, James Flanagan, Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, Rosalind Glasspool, Ellen L Goode, Marc T Goodman, Jacek Gronwald, Florian Heitz, Michelle A T Hildebrandt, Estrid Høgdall, Claus K Høgdall, David G Huntsman, Allan Jensen, Beth Y Karlan, Linda E Kelemen, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Susanne K Kjaer, Jolanta Kupryjanczyk, Diether Lambrechts, Douglas A Levine, Qiyuan Li, Jolanta Lissowska, Karen H Lu, Jan Lubiński, Leon F A G Massuger, Valerie McGuire, Iain McNeish, Usha Menon, Francesmary Modugno, Alvaro N Monteiro, Kirsten B Moysich, Roberta B Ness, Heli Nevanlinna, James Paul, Celeste L Pearce, Tanja Pejovic, Jennifer B Permuth, Catherine Phelan, Malcolm C Pike, Elizabeth M Poole, Susan J Ramus, Harvey A Risch, Mary Anne Rossing, Helga B Salvesen, Joellen M Schildkraut, Thomas A Sellers, Mark Sherman, Nadeem Siddiqui, Weiva Sieh, Honglin Song, Melissa Southey, Kathryn L Terry, Shelley S Tworoger, Christine Walsh, Nicolas Wentzensen, Alice S Whittemore, Anna H Wu, Hannah Yang, Wei Zheng, Argyrios Ziogas, Matthew L Freedman, Simon A Gayther, Paul D P Pharoah, Kate Lawrenson
BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified 18 loci associated with serous ovarian cancer (SOC) susceptibility but the biological mechanisms driving these findings remain poorly characterised. Germline cancer risk loci may be enriched for target genes of transcription factors (TFs) critical to somatic tumorigenesis. METHODS: All 615 TF-target sets from the Molecular Signatures Database were evaluated using gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) and three GWAS for SOC risk: discovery (2196 cases/4396 controls), replication (7035 cases/21 693 controls; independent from discovery), and combined (9627 cases/30 845 controls; including additional individuals)...
February 14, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026977/adverse-childhood-experiences-predict-alcohol-consumption-patterns-among-kenyan-mothers
#3
Michael L Goodman, Astrid Grouls, Catherine X Chen, Philip H Keiser, Stanley Gitari
OBJECTIVE: We analyze whether adverse childhood experiences predict weekly alcohol consumption patterns of Kenyan mothers and their partners. METHOD: Randomly selected respondents (n = 1,976) were asked about adverse childhood experiences and alcohol consumption patterns for themselves and their partners. Fixed effect models were used to determine odds of reporting weekly alcohol consumption and the number of beverages typically consumed, controlling for wealth, age, education, and partner alcohol consumption...
December 27, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998216/biases-in-recommendations-for-and-acceptance-of-prostate-biopsy-significantly-affect-assessment-of-prostate-cancer-risk-factors-results-from-two-large-randomized-clinical-trials
#4
Catherine M Tangen, Phyllis J Goodman, Cathee Till, Jeannette M Schenk, M Scott Lucia, Ian M Thompson
Purpose To identify factors related to who undergoes a prostate biopsy in a screened population and to estimate the impact of biopsy verification on risk factor-prostate cancer associations. Patients and Methods Men who were screened regularly from the placebo arms of two large prostate cancer prevention trials (Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial [PCPT] and Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial [SELECT]) were examined to define incident prostate cancer cohorts. Because PCPT had an end-of-study biopsy, prostate cancer cases were categorized by a preceding prostate-specific antigen/digital rectal examination prompt (yes/no) and noncases by biopsy-proven negative status (yes v no)...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941069/pelvic-inflammatory-disease-and-the-risk-of-ovarian-cancer-and-borderline-ovarian-tumors-a-pooled-analysis-of-13-case-control-studies
#5
Christina B Rasmussen, Susanne K Kjaer, Vanna Albieri, Elisa V Bandera, Jennifer A Doherty, Estrid Høgdall, Penelope M Webb, Susan J Jordan, Mary Anne Rossing, Kristine G Wicklund, Marc T Goodman, Francesmary Modugno, Kirsten B Moysich, Roberta B Ness, Robert P Edwards, Joellen M Schildkraut, Andrew Berchuck, Sara H Olson, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Leon F A G Massuger, Steven A Narod, Catherine M Phelan, Hoda Anton-Culver, Argyrios Ziogas, Anna H Wu, Celeste L Pearce, Harvey A Risch, Allan Jensen
Inflammation has been implicated in ovarian carcinogenesis. However, studies investigating the association between pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and ovarian cancer risk are few and inconsistent. We investigated the association between PID and the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer according to tumor behavior and histotype. We pooled data from 13 case-control studies, conducted between 1989 and 2009, from the Ovarian Cancer Association Consortium (OCAC), including 9,162 women with ovarian cancers, 2,354 women with borderline tumors, and 14,736 control participants...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915258/testing-and-testing-positive-childhood-adversities-and-later-life-hiv-status-among-kenyan-women-and-their-partners
#6
Michael L Goodman, Lauren Raimer-Goodman, Catherine X Chen, Astrid Grouls, Stanley Gitari, Philip H Keiser
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences are a critical feature of lifelong health. No research assesses whether childhood adversities predict HIV-testing behaviors, and little research analyzes childhood adversities and later life HIV status in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We use regression models with cross-sectional data from a representative sample (n = 1974) to analyze whether adverse childhood experiences, separately or as cumulative exposures, predict reports of later life HIV testing and testing HIV+ among semi-rural Kenyan women and their partners...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911851/inherited-variants-affecting-rna-editing-may-contribute-to-ovarian-cancer-susceptibility-results-from-a-large-scale-collaboration
#7
Jennifer B Permuth, Brett Reid, Madalene Earp, Y Ann Chen, Alvaro N A Monteiro, Zhihua Chen, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Peter A Fasching, Matthias W Beckmann, Diether Lambrechts, Adriaan Vanderstichele, Els Van Niewenhuyse, Ignace Vergote, Mary Anne Rossing, Jennifer Anne Doherty, Jenny Chang-Claude, Kirsten Moysich, Kunle Odunsi, Marc T Goodman, Yurii B Shvetsov, Lynne R Wilkens, Pamela J Thompson, Thilo Dörk, Natalia Bogdanova, Ralf Butzow, Heli Nevanlinna, Liisa Pelttari, Arto Leminen, Francesmary Modugno, Robert P Edwards, Roberta B Ness, Joseph Kelley, Florian Heitz, Beth Karlan, Jenny Lester, Susanne K Kjaer, Allan Jensen, Graham Giles, Michelle Hildebrandt, Dong Liang, Karen H Lu, Xifeng Wu, Douglas A Levine, Maria Bisogna, Andrew Berchuck, Daniel W Cramer, Kathryn L Terry, Shelley S Tworoger, Elizabeth M Poole, Elisa V Bandera, Brooke Fridley, Julie Cunningham, Stacey J Winham, Sara H Olson, Irene Orlow, Line Bjorge, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Leon Massuger, Tanja Pejovic, Melissa Moffitt, Nhu Le, Linda S Cook, Angela Brooks-Wilson, Linda E Kelemen, Jacek Gronwald, Jan Lubinski, Nicolas Wentzensen, Louise A Brinton, Jolanta Lissowska, Hanna Yang, Estrid Hogdall, Claus Hogdall, Lene Lundvall, Paul D P Pharoah, Honglin Song, Ian Campbell, Diana Eccles, Iain McNeish, Alice Whittemore, Valerie McGuire, Weiva Sieh, Joseph Rothstein, Catherine M Phelan, Harvey Risch, Steven Narod, John McLaughlin, Hoda Anton-Culver, Argyrios Ziogas, Usha Menon, Simon Gayther, Susan J Ramus, Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, Celeste Leigh Pearce, Anna H Wu, Jolanta Kupryjanczyk, Agnieszka Dansonka-Mieszkowska, Joellen M Schildkraut, Jin Q Cheng, Ellen L Goode, Thomas A Sellers
RNA editing in mammals is a form of post-transcriptional modification in which adenosine is converted to inosine by the adenosine deaminases acting on RNA (ADAR) family of enzymes. Based on evidence of altered ADAR expression in epithelial ovarian cancers (EOC), we hypothesized that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in ADAR genes modify EOC susceptibility, potentially by altering ovarian tissue gene expression. Using directly genotyped and imputed data from 10,891 invasive EOC cases and 21,693 controls, we evaluated the associations of 5,303 SNPs in ADAD1, ADAR, ADAR2, ADAR3, and SND1...
8, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810552/management-and-outcome-of-cervical-cancer-diagnosed-in%C3%A2-pregnancy
#8
Catherine A Bigelow, Neil S Horowitz, Annekathryn Goodman, Whitfield B Growdon, Marcela Del Carmen, Anjali J Kaimal
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the third most common gynecologic malignancy in the United States. Approximately 1-3% of cervical cancers will be diagnosed in pregnant and peripartum women; optimal management in the setting of pregnancy is not always clear. OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe the management of patients with cervical cancer diagnosed in pregnancy and compare their outcomes to nonpregnant women with similar baseline characteristics. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients diagnosed with cervical cancer in pregnancy and matched them 1:2 with contemporaneous nonpregnant women of the same age diagnosed with cervical cancer of the same stage...
October 31, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699954/research-involving-health-providers-and-managers-ethical-issues-faced-by-researchers-conducting-diverse-health-policy-and-systems-research-in-kenya
#9
Sassy Molyneux, Benjamin Tsofa, Edwine Barasa, Mary Muyoka Nyikuri, Evelyn Wanjiku Waweru, Catherine Goodman, Lucy Gilson
There is a growing interest in the ethics of Health Policy and Systems Research (HPSR), and especially in areas that have particular ethical salience across HPSR. Hyder et al (2014) provide an initial framework to consider this, and call for more conceptual and empirical work. In this paper, we respond by examining the ethical issues that arose for researchers over the course of conducting three HPSR studies in Kenya in which health managers and providers were key participants. All three studies involved qualitative work including observations and individual and group interviews...
December 2016: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697780/the-oncoarray-consortium-a-network-for-understanding-the-genetic-architecture-of-common-cancers
#10
Christopher I Amos, Joe Dennis, Zhaoming Wang, Jinyoung Byun, Fredrick R Schumacher, Simon A Gayther, Graham Casey, David J Hunter, Thomas A Sellers, Stephen B Gruber, Alison M Dunning, Kyriaki Michailidou, Laura Fachal, Kimberly Doheny, Amanda B Spurdle, Yafang Li, Xiangjun Xiao, Jane Romm, Elizabeth Pugh, Gerhard A Coetzee, Dennis J Hazelett, Stig E Bojesen, Charlisse Caga-Anan, Christopher A Haiman, Ahsan Kamal, Craig Luccarini, Daniel Tessier, Daniel Vincent, François Bacot, David J Van Den Berg, Stefanie Nelson, Stephen Demetriades, David E Goldgar, Fergus J Couch, Judith L Forman, Graham G Giles, David V Conti, Heike Bickeböller, Angela Risch, Melanie Waldenberger, Irene Brüske-Hohlfeld, Belynda D Hicks, Hua Ling, Lesley McGuffog, Andrew Lee, Karoline Kuchenbaecker, Penny Soucy, Judith Manz, Julie M Cunningham, Katja Butterbach, Zsofia Kote-Jarai, Peter Kraft, Liesel FitzGerald, Sara Lindström, Marcia Adams, James D McKay, Catherine M Phelan, Sara Benlloch, Linda E Kelemen, Paul Brennan, Marjorie Riggan, Tracy A O'Mara, Hongbing Shen, Yongyong Shi, Deborah J Thompson, Marc T Goodman, Sune F Nielsen, Andrew Berchuck, Sylvie Laboissiere, Stephanie L Schmit, Tameka Shelford, Christopher K Edlund, Jack A Taylor, John K Field, Sue K Park, Kenneth Offit, Mads Thomassen, Rita Schmutzler, Laura Ottini, Rayjean J Hung, Jonathan Marchini, Ali Amin Al Olama, Ulrike Peters, Rosalind A Eeles, Michael F Seldin, Elizabeth Gillanders, Daniela Seminara, Antonis C Antoniou, Paul D P Pharoah, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Stephen J Chanock, Jacques Simard, Douglas F Easton
BACKGROUND: Common cancers develop through a multistep process often including inherited susceptibility. Collaboration among multiple institutions, and funding from multiple sources, has allowed the development of an inexpensive genotyping microarray, the OncoArray. The array includes a genome-wide backbone, comprising 230,000 SNPs tagging most common genetic variants, together with dense mapping of known susceptibility regions, rare variants from sequencing experiments, pharmacogenetic markers, and cancer-related traits...
January 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605957/on-the-way-to-universal-coverage-of-maternal-services-in-iringa-rural-district-in-tanzania-who-is-yet-to-be-reached
#11
Manuela Straneo, Piera Fogliati, Ingrid Pellis, Catherine Goodman, Donata Dalla Riva, Firma Kisika, Ezekiel Mpuya, Giovanni Putoto
BACKGROUND: Strategies to tackle maternal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa include expanding coverage of reproductive services. Even where high, more vulnerable women may not access services. No data is available on high coverage determinants. We investigated this in Tanzania in a predicted high utilization area. METHODS: Data was collected through a household survey of 464 women with a recent delivery. Primary outcomes were facility delivery and ≥4 ANC visits...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601076/functional-mechanisms-underlying-pleiotropic-risk-alleles-at-the-19p13-1-breast-ovarian-cancer-susceptibility-locus
#12
Kate Lawrenson, Siddhartha Kar, Karen McCue, Karoline Kuchenbaeker, Kyriaki Michailidou, Jonathan Tyrer, Jonathan Beesley, Susan J Ramus, Qiyuan Li, Melissa K Delgado, Janet M Lee, Kristiina Aittomäki, Irene L Andrulis, Hoda Anton-Culver, Volker Arndt, Banu K Arun, Brita Arver, Elisa V Bandera, Monica Barile, Rosa B Barkardottir, Daniel Barrowdale, Matthias W Beckmann, Javier Benitez, Andrew Berchuck, Maria Bisogna, Line Bjorge, Carl Blomqvist, William Blot, Natalia Bogdanova, Anders Bojesen, Stig E Bojesen, Manjeet K Bolla, Bernardo Bonanni, Anne-Lise Børresen-Dale, Hiltrud Brauch, Paul Brennan, Hermann Brenner, Fiona Bruinsma, Joan Brunet, Shaik Ahmad Buhari, Barbara Burwinkel, Ralf Butzow, Saundra S Buys, Qiuyin Cai, Trinidad Caldes, Ian Campbell, Rikki Canniotto, Jenny Chang-Claude, Jocelyne Chiquette, Ji-Yeob Choi, Kathleen B M Claes, Linda S Cook, Angela Cox, Daniel W Cramer, Simon S Cross, Cezary Cybulski, Kamila Czene, Mary B Daly, Francesca Damiola, Agnieszka Dansonka-Mieszkowska, Hatef Darabi, Joe Dennis, Peter Devilee, Orland Diez, Jennifer A Doherty, Susan M Domchek, Cecilia M Dorfling, Thilo Dörk, Martine Dumont, Hans Ehrencrona, Bent Ejlertsen, Steve Ellis, Christoph Engel, Eunjung Lee, D Gareth Evans, Peter A Fasching, Lidia Feliubadalo, Jonine Figueroa, Dieter Flesch-Janys, Olivia Fletcher, Henrik Flyger, Lenka Foretova, Florentia Fostira, William D Foulkes, Brooke L Fridley, Eitan Friedman, Debra Frost, Gaetana Gambino, Patricia A Ganz, Judy Garber, Montserrat García-Closas, Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, Maya Ghoussaini, Graham G Giles, Rosalind Glasspool, Andrew K Godwin, Mark S Goldberg, David E Goldgar, Anna González-Neira, Ellen L Goode, Marc T Goodman, Mark H Greene, Jacek Gronwald, Pascal Guénel, Christopher A Haiman, Per Hall, Emily Hallberg, Ute Hamann, Thomas V O Hansen, Patricia A Harrington, Mikael Hartman, Norhashimah Hassan, Sue Healey, Florian Heitz, Josef Herzog, Estrid Høgdall, Claus K Høgdall, Frans B L Hogervorst, Antoinette Hollestelle, John L Hopper, Peter J Hulick, Tomasz Huzarski, Evgeny N Imyanitov, Claudine Isaacs, Hidemi Ito, Anna Jakubowska, Ramunas Janavicius, Allan Jensen, Esther M John, Nichola Johnson, Maria Kabisch, Daehee Kang, Miroslav Kapuscinski, Beth Y Karlan, Sofia Khan, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Susanne Kruger Kjaer, Julia A Knight, Irene Konstantopoulou, Veli-Matti Kosma, Vessela Kristensen, Jolanta Kupryjanczyk, Ava Kwong, Miguel de la Hoya, Yael Laitman, Diether Lambrechts, Nhu Le, Kim De Leeneer, Jenny Lester, Douglas A Levine, Jingmei Li, Annika Lindblom, Jirong Long, Artitaya Lophatananon, Jennifer T Loud, Karen Lu, Jan Lubinski, Arto Mannermaa, Siranoush Manoukian, Loic Le Marchand, Sara Margolin, Frederik Marme, Leon F A G Massuger, Keitaro Matsuo, Sylvie Mazoyer, Lesley McGuffog, Catriona McLean, Iain McNeish, Alfons Meindl, Usha Menon, Arjen R Mensenkamp, Roger L Milne, Marco Montagna, Kirsten B Moysich, Kenneth Muir, Anna Marie Mulligan, Katherine L Nathanson, Roberta B Ness, Susan L Neuhausen, Heli Nevanlinna, Silje Nord, Robert L Nussbaum, Kunle Odunsi, Kenneth Offit, Edith Olah, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Janet E Olson, Curtis Olswold, David O'Malley, Irene Orlow, Nick Orr, Ana Osorio, Sue Kyung Park, Celeste L Pearce, Tanja Pejovic, Paolo Peterlongo, Georg Pfeiler, Catherine M Phelan, Elizabeth M Poole, Katri Pylkäs, Paolo Radice, Johanna Rantala, Muhammad Usman Rashid, Gad Rennert, Valerie Rhenius, Kerstin Rhiem, Harvey A Risch, Gus Rodriguez, Mary Anne Rossing, Anja Rudolph, Helga B Salvesen, Suleeporn Sangrajrang, Elinor J Sawyer, Joellen M Schildkraut, Marjanka K Schmidt, Rita K Schmutzler, Thomas A Sellers, Caroline Seynaeve, Mitul Shah, Chen-Yang Shen, Xiao-Ou Shu, Weiva Sieh, Christian F Singer, Olga M Sinilnikova, Susan Slager, Honglin Song, Penny Soucy, Melissa C Southey, Marie Stenmark-Askmalm, Dominique Stoppa-Lyonnet, Christian Sutter, Anthony Swerdlow, Sandrine Tchatchou, Manuel R Teixeira, Soo H Teo, Kathryn L Terry, Mary Beth Terry, Mads Thomassen, Maria Grazia Tibiletti, Laima Tihomirova, Silvia Tognazzo, Amanda Ewart Toland, Ian Tomlinson, Diana Torres, Thérèse Truong, Chiu-Chen Tseng, Nadine Tung, Shelley S Tworoger, Celine Vachon, Ans M W van den Ouweland, Helena C van Doorn, Elizabeth J van Rensburg, Laura J Van't Veer, Adriaan Vanderstichele, Ignace Vergote, Joseph Vijai, Qin Wang, Shan Wang-Gohrke, Jeffrey N Weitzel, Nicolas Wentzensen, Alice S Whittemore, Hans Wildiers, Robert Winqvist, Anna H Wu, Drakoulis Yannoukakos, Sook-Yee Yoon, Jyh-Cherng Yu, Wei Zheng, Ying Zheng, Kum Kum Khanna, Jacques Simard, Alvaro N Monteiro, Juliet D French, Fergus J Couch, Matthew L Freedman, Douglas F Easton, Alison M Dunning, Paul D Pharoah, Stacey L Edwards, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Antonis C Antoniou, Simon A Gayther
A locus at 19p13 is associated with breast cancer (BC) and ovarian cancer (OC) risk. Here we analyse 438 SNPs in this region in 46,451 BC and 15,438 OC cases, 15,252 BRCA1 mutation carriers and 73,444 controls and identify 13 candidate causal SNPs associated with serous OC (P=9.2 × 10(-20)), ER-negative BC (P=1.1 × 10(-13)), BRCA1-associated BC (P=7.7 × 10(-16)) and triple negative BC (P-diff=2 × 10(-5)). Genotype-gene expression associations are identified for candidate target genes ANKLE1 (P=2 × 10(-3)) and ABHD8 (P<2 × 10(-3))...
September 7, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595995/palb2-chek2-and-atm-rare-variants-and-cancer-risk-data-from-cogs
#13
Melissa C Southey, David E Goldgar, Robert Winqvist, Katri Pylkäs, Fergus Couch, Marc Tischkowitz, William D Foulkes, Joe Dennis, Kyriaki Michailidou, Elizabeth J van Rensburg, Tuomas Heikkinen, Heli Nevanlinna, John L Hopper, Thilo Dörk, Kathleen Bm Claes, Jorge Reis-Filho, Zhi Ling Teo, Paolo Radice, Irene Catucci, Paolo Peterlongo, Helen Tsimiklis, Fabrice A Odefrey, James G Dowty, Marjanka K Schmidt, Annegien Broeks, Frans B Hogervorst, Senno Verhoef, Jane Carpenter, Christine Clarke, Rodney J Scott, Peter A Fasching, Lothar Haeberle, Arif B Ekici, Matthias W Beckmann, Julian Peto, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva, Olivia Fletcher, Nichola Johnson, Manjeet K Bolla, Elinor J Sawyer, Ian Tomlinson, Michael J Kerin, Nicola Miller, Federik Marme, Barbara Burwinkel, Rongxi Yang, Pascal Guénel, Thérèse Truong, Florence Menegaux, Marie Sanchez, Stig Bojesen, Sune F Nielsen, Henrik Flyger, Javier Benitez, M Pilar Zamora, Jose Ignacio Arias Perez, Primitiva Menéndez, Hoda Anton-Culver, Susan Neuhausen, Argyrios Ziogas, Christina A Clarke, Hermann Brenner, Volker Arndt, Christa Stegmaier, Hiltrud Brauch, Thomas Brüning, Yon-Dschun Ko, Taru A Muranen, Kristiina Aittomäki, Carl Blomqvist, Natalia V Bogdanova, Natalia N Antonenkova, Annika Lindblom, Sara Margolin, Arto Mannermaa, Vesa Kataja, Veli-Matti Kosma, Jaana M Hartikainen, Amanda B Spurdle, kConFab Investigators, Els Wauters, Dominiek Smeets, Benoit Beuselinck, Giuseppe Floris, Jenny Chang-Claude, Anja Rudolph, Petra Seibold, Dieter Flesch-Janys, Janet E Olson, Celine Vachon, Vernon S Pankratz, Catriona McLean, Christopher A Haiman, Brian E Henderson, Fredrick Schumacher, Loic Le Marchand, Vessela Kristensen, Grethe Grenaker Alnæs, Wei Zheng, David J Hunter, Sara Lindstrom, Susan E Hankinson, Peter Kraft, Irene Andrulis, Julia A Knight, Gord Glendon, Anna Marie Mulligan, Arja Jukkola-Vuorinen, Mervi Grip, Saila Kauppila, Peter Devilee, Robert A E M Tollenaar, Caroline Seynaeve, Antoinette Hollestelle, Montserrat Garcia-Closas, Jonine Figueroa, Stephen J Chanock, Jolanta Lissowska, Kamila Czene, Hatef Darabi, Mikael Eriksson, Diana M Eccles, Sajjad Rafiq, William J Tapper, Sue M Gerty, Maartje J Hooning, John W M Martens, J Margriet Collée, Madeleine Tilanus-Linthorst, Per Hall, Jingmei Li, Judith S Brand, Keith Humphreys, Angela Cox, Malcolm W R Reed, Craig Luccarini, Caroline Baynes, Alison M Dunning, Ute Hamann, Diana Torres, Hans Ulrich Ulmer, Thomas Rüdiger, Anna Jakubowska, Jan Lubinski, Katarzyna Jaworska, Katarzyna Durda, Susan Slager, Amanda E Toland, Christine B Ambrosone, Drakoulis Yannoukakos, Anthony Swerdlow, Alan Ashworth, Nick Orr, Michael Jones, Anna González-Neira, Guillermo Pita, M Rosario Alonso, Nuria Álvarez, Daniel Herrero, Daniel C Tessier, Daniel Vincent, Francois Bacot, Jacques Simard, Martine Dumont, Penny Soucy, Rosalind Eeles, Kenneth Muir, Fredrik Wiklund, Henrik Gronberg, Johanna Schleutker, Børge G Nordestgaard, Maren Weischer, Ruth C Travis, David Neal, Jenny L Donovan, Freddie C Hamdy, Kay-Tee Khaw, Janet L Stanford, William J Blot, Stephen Thibodeau, Daniel J Schaid, Joseph L Kelley, Christiane Maier, Adam S Kibel, Cezary Cybulski, Lisa Cannon-Albright, Katja Butterbach, Jong Park, Radka Kaneva, Jyotsna Batra, Manuel R Teixeira, Zsofia Kote-Jarai, Ali Amin Al Olama, Sara Benlloch, Stefan P Renner, Arndt Hartmann, Alexander Hein, Matthias Ruebner, Diether Lambrechts, Els Van Nieuwenhuysen, Ignace Vergote, Sandrina Lambretchs, Jennifer A Doherty, Mary Anne Rossing, Stefan Nickels, Ursula Eilber, Shan Wang-Gohrke, Kunle Odunsi, Lara E Sucheston-Campbell, Grace Friel, Galina Lurie, Jeffrey L Killeen, Lynne R Wilkens, Marc T Goodman, Ingo Runnebaum, Peter A Hillemanns, Liisa M Pelttari, Ralf Butzow, Francesmary Modugno, Robert P Edwards, Roberta B Ness, Kirsten B Moysich, Andreas du Bois, Florian Heitz, Philipp Harter, Stefan Kommoss, Beth Y Karlan, Christine Walsh, Jenny Lester, Allan Jensen, Susanne Krüger Kjaer, Estrid Høgdall, Bernard Peissel, Bernardo Bonanni, Loris Bernard, Ellen L Goode, Brooke L Fridley, Robert A Vierkant, Julie M Cunningham, Melissa C Larson, Zachary C Fogarty, Kimberly R Kalli, Dong Liang, Karen H Lu, Michelle A T Hildebrandt, Xifeng Wu, Douglas A Levine, Fanny Dao, Maria Bisogna, Andrew Berchuck, Edwin S Iversen, Jeffrey R Marks, Lucy Akushevich, Daniel W Cramer, Joellen Schildkraut, Kathryn L Terry, Elizabeth M Poole, Meir Stampfer, Shelley S Tworoger, Elisa V Bandera, Irene Orlow, Sara H Olson, Line Bjorge, Helga B Salvesen, Anne M van Altena, Katja K H Aben, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Leon F A G Massuger, Tanja Pejovic, Yukie Bean, Angela Brooks-Wilson, Linda E Kelemen, Linda S Cook, Nhu D Le, Bohdan Górski, Jacek Gronwald, Janusz Menkiszak, Claus K Høgdall, Lene Lundvall, Lotte Nedergaard, Svend Aage Engelholm, Ed Dicks, Jonathan Tyrer, Ian Campbell, Iain McNeish, James Paul, Nadeem Siddiqui, Rosalind Glasspool, Alice S Whittemore, Joseph H Rothstein, Valerie McGuire, Weiva Sieh, Hui Cai, Xiao-Ou Shu, Rachel T Teten, Rebecca Sutphen, John R McLaughlin, Steven A Narod, Catherine M Phelan, Alvaro N Monteiro, David Fenstermacher, Hui-Yi Lin, Jennifer B Permuth, Thomas A Sellers, Y Ann Chen, Ya-Yu Tsai, Zhihua Chen, Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, Simon A Gayther, Susan J Ramus, Usha Menon, Anna H Wu, Celeste L Pearce, David Van Den Berg, Malcolm C Pike, Agnieszka Dansonka-Mieszkowska, Joanna Plisiecka-Halasa, Joanna Moes-Sosnowska, Jolanta Kupryjanczyk, Paul Dp Pharoah, Honglin Song, Ingrid Winship, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Graham G Giles, Sean V Tavtigian, Doug F Easton, Roger L Milne
BACKGROUND: The rarity of mutations in PALB2, CHEK2 and ATM make it difficult to estimate precisely associated cancer risks. Population-based family studies have provided evidence that at least some of these mutations are associated with breast cancer risk as high as those associated with rare BRCA2 mutations. We aimed to estimate the relative risks associated with specific rare variants in PALB2, CHEK2 and ATM via a multicentre case-control study. METHODS: We genotyped 10 rare mutations using the custom iCOGS array: PALB2 c...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594614/association-of-vitamin-d-levels-and-risk-of-ovarian-cancer-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#14
Jue-Sheng Ong, Gabriel Cuellar-Partida, Yi Lu, Peter A Fasching, Alexander Hein, Stefanie Burghaus, Matthias W Beckmann, Diether Lambrechts, Els Van Nieuwenhuysen, Ignace Vergote, Adriaan Vanderstichele, Jennifer Anne Doherty, Mary Anne Rossing, Jenny Chang-Claude, Ursula Eilber, Anja Rudolph, Shan Wang-Gohrke, Marc T Goodman, Natalia Bogdanova, Thilo Dörk, Matthias Dürst, Peter Hillemanns, Ingo B Runnebaum, Natalia Antonenkova, Ralf Butzow, Arto Leminen, Heli Nevanlinna, Liisa M Pelttari, Robert P Edwards, Joseph L Kelley, Francesmary Modugno, Kirsten B Moysich, Roberta B Ness, Rikki Cannioto, Estrid Høgdall, Claus K Høgdall, Allan Jensen, Graham G Giles, Fiona Bruinsma, Susanne K Kjaer, Michelle At Hildebrandt, Dong Liang, Karen H Lu, Xifeng Wu, Maria Bisogna, Fanny Dao, Douglas A Levine, Daniel W Cramer, Kathryn L Terry, Shelley S Tworoger, Meir Stampfer, Stacey Missmer, Line Bjorge, Helga B Salvesen, Reidun K Kopperud, Katharina Bischof, Katja Kh Aben, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Leon Fag Massuger, Angela Brooks-Wilson, Sara H Olson, Valerie McGuire, Joseph H Rothstein, Weiva Sieh, Alice S Whittemore, Linda S Cook, Nhu D Le, C Blake Gilks, Jacek Gronwald, Anna Jakubowska, Jan Lubiński, Tomasz Kluz, Honglin Song, Jonathan P Tyrer, Nicolas Wentzensen, Louise Brinton, Britton Trabert, Jolanta Lissowska, John R McLaughlin, Steven A Narod, Catherine Phelan, Hoda Anton-Culver, Argyrios Ziogas, Diana Eccles, Ian Campbell, Simon A Gayther, Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, Usha Menon, Susan J Ramus, Anna H Wu, Agnieszka Dansonka-Mieszkowska, Jolanta Kupryjanczyk, Agnieszka Timorek, Lukasz Szafron, Julie M Cunningham, Brooke L Fridley, Stacey J Winham, Elisa V Bandera, Elizabeth M Poole, Terry K Morgan, Harvey A Risch, Ellen L Goode, Joellen M Schildkraut, Celeste L Pearce, Andrew Berchuck, Paul Dp Pharoah, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Puya Gharahkhani, Rachel E Neale, Penelope M Webb, Stuart MacGregor
BACKGROUND: In vitro and observational epidemiological studies suggest that vitamin D may play a role in cancer prevention. However, the relationship between vitamin D and ovarian cancer is uncertain, with observational studies generating conflicting findings. A potential limitation of observational studies is inadequate control of confounding. To overcome this problem, we used Mendelian randomization (MR) to evaluate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration and risk of ovarian cancer...
October 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565902/long-term-consequences-of-finasteride-vs-placebo-in-the-prostate-cancer-prevention-trial
#15
Joseph M Unger, Cathee Till, Ian M Thompson, Catherine M Tangen, Phyllis J Goodman, Jason D Wright, William E Barlow, Scott D Ramsey, Lori M Minasian, Dawn L Hershman
BACKGROUND: Finasteride has been found to reduce the risk of low-grade prostate cancer but to have no impact on overall survival. The long-term adverse and beneficial consequences of finasteride have not been examined. METHODS: We used a linkage between data from the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial (PCPT) and Medicare claims. Patients were examined by randomized study arm (finasteride vs placebo for 7 years) for long-term consequences of the intervention, including cardiac, endocrine, and sexual dysfunction, depression, diabetes, and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)-related events...
December 2016: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533245/assessment-of-variation-in-immunosuppressive-pathway-genes-reveals-tgfbr2-to-be-associated-with-risk-of-clear-cell-ovarian-cancer
#16
Shalaka S Hampras, Lara E Sucheston-Campbell, Rikki Cannioto, Jenny Chang-Claude, Francesmary Modugno, Thilo Dörk, Peter Hillemanns, Leah Preus, Keith L Knutson, Paul K Wallace, Chi-Chen Hong, Grace Friel, Warren Davis, Mary Nesline, Celeste L Pearce, Linda E Kelemen, Marc T Goodman, Elisa V Bandera, Kathryn L Terry, Nils Schoof, Kevin H Eng, Alyssa Clay, Prashant K Singh, Janine M Joseph, Katja K H Aben, Hoda Anton-Culver, Natalia Antonenkova, Helen Baker, Yukie Bean, Matthias W Beckmann, Maria Bisogna, Line Bjorge, Natalia Bogdanova, Louise A Brinton, Angela Brooks-Wilson, Fiona Bruinsma, Ralf Butzow, Ian G Campbell, Karen Carty, Linda S Cook, Daniel W Cramer, Cezary Cybulski, Agnieszka Dansonka-Mieszkowska, Joe Dennis, Evelyn Despierre, Ed Dicks, Jennifer A Doherty, Andreas du Bois, Matthias Dürst, Doug Easton, Diana Eccles, Robert P Edwards, Arif B Ekici, Peter A Fasching, Brooke L Fridley, Yu-Tang Gao, Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, Graham G Giles, Rosalind Glasspool, Jacek Gronwald, Patricia Harrington, Philipp Harter, Hanis Nazihah Hasmad, Alexander Hein, Florian Heitz, Michelle A T Hildebrandt, Claus Hogdall, Estrid Hogdall, Satoyo Hosono, Edwin S Iversen, Anna Jakubowska, Allan Jensen, Bu-Tian Ji, Beth Y Karlan, Melissa Kellar, Joseph L Kelley, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Rüdiger Klapdor, Nonna Kolomeyevskaya, Camilla Krakstad, Susanne K Kjaer, Bridget Kruszka, Jolanta Kupryjanczyk, Diether Lambrechts, Sandrina Lambrechts, Nhu D Le, Alice W Lee, Shashikant Lele, Arto Leminen, Jenny Lester, Douglas A Levine, Dong Liang, Jolanta Lissowska, Song Liu, Karen Lu, Jan Lubinski, Lene Lundvall, Leon F A G Massuger, Keitaro Matsuo, Valeria McGuire, John R McLaughlin, Ian McNeish, Usha Menon, Joanna Moes-Sosnowska, Steven A Narod, Lotte Nedergaard, Heli Nevanlinna, Stefan Nickels, Sara H Olson, Irene Orlow, Rachel Palmieri Weber, James Paul, Tanja Pejovic, Liisa M Pelttari, Barbara Perkins, Jenny Permuth-Wey, Malcolm C Pike, Joanna Plisiecka-Halasa, Elizabeth M Poole, Harvey A Risch, Mary Anne Rossing, Joseph H Rothstein, Anja Rudolph, Ingo B Runnebaum, Iwona K Rzepecka, Helga B Salvesen, Eva Schernhammer, Kristina Schmitt, Ira Schwaab, Xiao-Ou Shu, Yurii B Shvetsov, Nadeem Siddiqui, Weiva Sieh, Honglin Song, Melissa C Southey, Ingvild L Tangen, Soo-Hwang Teo, Pamela J Thompson, Agnieszka Timorek, Ya-Yu Tsai, Shelley S Tworoger, Jonathan Tyrer, Anna M van Altena, Ignace Vergote, Robert A Vierkant, Christine Walsh, Shan Wang-Gohrke, Nicolas Wentzensen, Alice S Whittemore, Kristine G Wicklund, Lynne R Wilkens, Anna H Wu, Xifeng Wu, Yin-Ling Woo, Hannah Yang, Wei Zheng, Argyrios Ziogas, Simon A Gayther, Susan J Ramus, Thomas A Sellers, Joellen M Schildkraut, Catherine M Phelan, Andrew Berchuck, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Julie M Cunningham, Paul P Pharoah, Roberta B Ness, Kunle Odunsi, Ellen L Goode, Kirsten B Moysich
BACKGROUND: Regulatory T (Treg) cells, a subset of CD4+ T lymphocytes, are mediators of immunosuppression in cancer, and, thus, variants in genes encoding Treg cell immune molecules could be associated with ovarian cancer. METHODS: In a population of 15,596 epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) cases and 23,236 controls, we measured genetic associations of 1,351 SNPs in Treg cell pathway genes with odds of ovarian cancer and tested pathway and gene-level associations, overall and by histotype, for the 25 genes, using the admixture likelihood (AML) method...
25, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519183/opportunities-and-challenges-in-incorporating-ancillary-studies-into-a-cancer-prevention-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Phyllis J Goodman, Catherine M Tangen, Amy K Darke, Kathryn B Arnold, JoAnn Hartline, Monica Yee, Karen Anderson, Allison Caban-Holt, William G Christen, Patricia A Cassano, Peter Lance, Eric A Klein, John J Crowley, Lori M Minasian, Frank L Meyskens
BACKGROUND: The Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial (SELECT) was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, prostate cancer prevention study funded by the National Cancer Institute and conducted by SWOG (Southwest Oncology Group). A total of 35,533 men were assigned randomly to one of four treatment groups (vitamin E + placebo, selenium + placebo, vitamin E + selenium, placebo + placebo). At the time of the trial's development, NIH had invested substantial resources in evaluating the potential benefits of these antioxidants...
August 12, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432226/genome-wide-meta-analyses-of-breast-ovarian-and-prostate-cancer-association-studies-identify-multiple-new-susceptibility-loci-shared-by-at-least-two-cancer-types
#18
Siddhartha P Kar, Jonathan Beesley, Ali Amin Al Olama, Kyriaki Michailidou, Jonathan Tyrer, ZSofia Kote-Jarai, Kate Lawrenson, Sara Lindstrom, Susan J Ramus, Deborah J Thompson, Adam S Kibel, Agnieszka Dansonka-Mieszkowska, Agnieszka Michael, Aida K Dieffenbach, Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, Alice S Whittemore, Alicja Wolk, Alvaro Monteiro, Ana Peixoto, Andrzej Kierzek, Angela Cox, Anja Rudolph, Anna Gonzalez-Neira, Anna H Wu, Annika Lindblom, Anthony Swerdlow, Argyrios Ziogas, Arif B Ekici, Barbara Burwinkel, Beth Y Karlan, Børge G Nordestgaard, Carl Blomqvist, Catherine Phelan, Catriona McLean, Celeste Leigh Pearce, Celine Vachon, Cezary Cybulski, Chavdar Slavov, Christa Stegmaier, Christiane Maier, Christine B Ambrosone, Claus K Høgdall, Craig C Teerlink, Daehee Kang, Daniel C Tessier, Daniel J Schaid, Daniel O Stram, Daniel W Cramer, David E Neal, Diana Eccles, Dieter Flesch-Janys, Digna R Velez Edwards, Dominika Wokozorczyk, Douglas A Levine, Drakoulis Yannoukakos, Elinor J Sawyer, Elisa V Bandera, Elizabeth M Poole, Ellen L Goode, Elza Khusnutdinova, Estrid Høgdall, Fengju Song, Fiona Bruinsma, Florian Heitz, Francesmary Modugno, Freddie C Hamdy, Fredrik Wiklund, Graham G Giles, Håkan Olsson, Hans Wildiers, Hans-Ulrich Ulmer, Hardev Pandha, Harvey A Risch, Hatef Darabi, Helga B Salvesen, Heli Nevanlinna, Henrik Gronberg, Hermann Brenner, Hiltrud Brauch, Hoda Anton-Culver, Honglin Song, Hui-Yi Lim, Iain McNeish, Ian Campbell, Ignace Vergote, Jacek Gronwald, Jan Lubiński, Janet L Stanford, Javier Benítez, Jennifer A Doherty, Jennifer B Permuth, Jenny Chang-Claude, Jenny L Donovan, Joe Dennis, Joellen M Schildkraut, Johanna Schleutker, John L Hopper, Jolanta Kupryjanczyk, Jong Y Park, Jonine Figueroa, Judith A Clements, Julia A Knight, Julian Peto, Julie M Cunningham, Julio Pow-Sang, Jyotsna Batra, Kamila Czene, Karen H Lu, Kathleen Herkommer, Kay-Tee Khaw, Keitaro Matsuo, Kenneth Muir, Kenneth Offitt, Kexin Chen, Kirsten B Moysich, Kristiina Aittomäki, Kunle Odunsi, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Leon F A G Massuger, Liesel M Fitzgerald, Linda S Cook, Lisa Cannon-Albright, Maartje J Hooning, Malcolm C Pike, Manjeet K Bolla, Manuel Luedeke, Manuel R Teixeira, Marc T Goodman, Marjanka K Schmidt, Marjorie Riggan, Markus Aly, Mary Anne Rossing, Matthias W Beckmann, Matthieu Moisse, Maureen Sanderson, Melissa C Southey, Michael Jones, Michael Lush, Michelle A T Hildebrandt, Ming-Feng Hou, Minouk J Schoemaker, Montserrat Garcia-Closas, Natalia Bogdanova, Nazneen Rahman, Nhu D Le, Nick Orr, Nicolas Wentzensen, Nora Pashayan, Paolo Peterlongo, Pascal Guénel, Paul Brennan, Paula Paulo, Penelope M Webb, Per Broberg, Peter A Fasching, Peter Devilee, Qin Wang, Qiuyin Cai, Qiyuan Li, Radka Kaneva, Ralf Butzow, Reidun Kristin Kopperud, Rita K Schmutzler, Robert A Stephenson, Robert J MacInnis, Robert N Hoover, Robert Winqvist, Roberta Ness, Roger L Milne, Ruth C Travis, Sara Benlloch, Sara H Olson, Shannon K McDonnell, Shelley S Tworoger, Sofia Maia, Sonja Berndt, Soo Chin Lee, Soo-Hwang Teo, Stephen N Thibodeau, Stig E Bojesen, Susan M Gapstur, Susanne Krüger Kjær, Tanja Pejovic, Teuvo L J Tammela, Thilo Dörk, Thomas Brüning, Tiina Wahlfors, Tim J Key, Todd L Edwards, Usha Menon, Ute Hamann, Vanio Mitev, Veli-Matti Kosma, Veronica Wendy Setiawan, Vessela Kristensen, Volker Arndt, Walther Vogel, Wei Zheng, Weiva Sieh, William J Blot, Wojciech Kluzniak, Xiao-Ou Shu, Yu-Tang Gao, Fredrick Schumacher, Matthew L Freedman, Andrew Berchuck, Alison M Dunning, Jacques Simard, Christopher A Haiman, Amanda Spurdle, Thomas A Sellers, David J Hunter, Brian E Henderson, Peter Kraft, Stephen J Chanock, Fergus J Couch, Per Hall, Simon A Gayther, Douglas F Easton, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Rosalind Eeles, Paul D P Pharoah, Diether Lambrechts
UNLABELLED: Breast, ovarian, and prostate cancers are hormone-related and may have a shared genetic basis, but this has not been investigated systematically by genome-wide association (GWA) studies. Meta-analyses combining the largest GWA meta-analysis data sets for these cancers totaling 112,349 cases and 116,421 controls of European ancestry, all together and in pairs, identified at P < 10(-8) seven new cross-cancer loci: three associated with susceptibility to all three cancers (rs17041869/2q13/BCL2L11; rs7937840/11q12/INCENP; rs1469713/19p13/GATAD2A), two breast and ovarian cancer risk loci (rs200182588/9q31/SMC2; rs8037137/15q26/RCCD1), and two breast and prostate cancer risk loci (rs5013329/1p34/NSUN4; rs9375701/6q23/L3MBTL3)...
September 2016: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423235/importance-of-performance-measurement-and-mch-epidemiology-leadership-to-quality-improvement-initiatives-at-the-national-state-and-local-levels
#19
Kristin M Rankin, Loretta Gavin, John W Moran, Charlan D Kroelinger, Catherine J Vladutiu, David A Goodman, William M Sappenfield
Purpose In recognition of the importance of performance measurement and MCH epidemiology leadership to quality improvement (QI) efforts, a plenary session dedicated to this topic was presented at the 2014 CityMatCH Leadership and MCH Epidemiology Conference. This paper summarizes the session and provides two applications of performance measurement to QI in MCH. Description Performance measures addressing processes of care are ubiquitous in the current health system landscape and the MCH community is increasingly applying QI processes, such as Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycles, to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of systems impacting MCH populations...
July 16, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401727/adult-body-mass-index-and-risk-of-ovarian-cancer-by-subtype-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#20
Suzanne C Dixon, Christina M Nagle, Aaron P Thrift, Paul Dp Pharoah, Celeste Leigh Pearce, Wei Zheng, Jodie N Painter, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Peter A Fasching, Matthias W Beckmann, Diether Lambrechts, Ignace Vergote, Sandrina Lambrechts, Els Van Nieuwenhuysen, Mary Anne Rossing, Jennifer A Doherty, Kristine G Wicklund, Jenny Chang-Claude, Anja Rudolph, Kirsten B Moysich, Kunle Odunsi, Marc T Goodman, Lynne R Wilkens, Pamela J Thompson, Yurii B Shvetsov, Thilo Dörk, Tjoung-Won Park-Simon, Peter Hillemanns, Natalia Bogdanova, Ralf Butzow, Heli Nevanlinna, Liisa M Pelttari, Arto Leminen, Francesmary Modugno, Roberta B Ness, Robert P Edwards, Joseph L Kelley, Florian Heitz, Beth Y Karlan, Susanne K Kjær, Estrid Høgdall, Allan Jensen, Ellen L Goode, Brooke L Fridley, Julie M Cunningham, Stacey J Winham, Graham G Giles, Fiona Bruinsma, Roger L Milne, Melissa C Southey, Michelle A T Hildebrandt, Xifeng Wu, Karen H Lu, Dong Liang, Douglas A Levine, Maria Bisogna, Joellen M Schildkraut, Andrew Berchuck, Daniel W Cramer, Kathryn L Terry, Elisa V Bandera, Sara H Olson, Helga B Salvesen, Liv Cecilie Thomsen, Reidun K Kopperud, Line Bjorge, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Leon F A G Massuger, Tanja Pejovic, Linda S Cook, Nhu D Le, Kenneth D Swenerton, Angela Brooks-Wilson, Linda E Kelemen, Jan Lubiński, Tomasz Huzarski, Jacek Gronwald, Janusz Menkiszak, Nicolas Wentzensen, Louise Brinton, Hannah Yang, Jolanta Lissowska, Claus K Høgdall, Lene Lundvall, Honglin Song, Jonathan P Tyrer, Ian Campbell, Diana Eccles, James Paul, Rosalind Glasspool, Nadeem Siddiqui, Alice S Whittemore, Weiva Sieh, Valerie McGuire, Joseph H Rothstein, Steven A Narod, Catherine Phelan, Harvey A Risch, John R McLaughlin, Hoda Anton-Culver, Argyrios Ziogas, Usha Menon, Simon A Gayther, Susan J Ramus, Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj, Anna H Wu, Malcolm C Pike, Chiu-Chen Tseng, Jolanta Kupryjanczyk, Agnieszka Dansonka-Mieszkowska, Agnieszka Budzilowska, Beata Spiewankiewicz, Penelope M Webb
BACKGROUND: Observational studies have reported a positive association between body mass index (BMI) and ovarian cancer risk. However, questions remain as to whether this represents a causal effect, or holds for all histological subtypes. The lack of association observed for serous cancers may, for instance, be due to disease-associated weight loss. Mendelian randomization (MR) uses genetic markers as proxies for risk factors to overcome limitations of observational studies. We used MR to elucidate the relationship between BMI and ovarian cancer, hypothesizing that genetically predicted BMI would be associated with increased risk of non-high grade serous ovarian cancers (non-HGSC) but not HGSC...
June 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
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