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Jessica Cohen

Andrea Cuviello, Jessica Rice, Bernard Cohen, Elias T Zambidis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Paul Mehta, Wendy Kaye, Jaime Raymond, Ruoming Wu, Theodore Larson, Reshma Punjani, Daniel Heller, Jessica Cohen, Tracy Peters, Oleg Muravov, Kevin Horton
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), commonly known as Lou Gehrig's disease, is a progressive and fatal neuromuscular disease; the majority of ALS patients die within 2-5 years of receiving a diagnosis (1). Familial ALS, a hereditary form of the disease, accounts for 5%-10% of cases, whereas the remaining sporadic cases have no clearly defined etiology (1). ALS affects persons of all races and ethnicities; however, whites, males, non-Hispanics, persons aged >60 years, and those with a family history of ALS are more likely to develop the disease (1-3)...
February 23, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Kevin Wong, Jacquelyn Piraquive, Chelsea A Troiano, Anita Sulibhavi, Kenneth M Grundfast, Jessica R Levi
OBJECTIVES: Review the pediatric otolaryngology literature to 1) identify studies in which children completed patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures and 2) appraise the psychometric quality and validity of these PROs as they apply to pediatrics. METHODS: In October 2016, a systematic review was performed by two reviewers on PubMed/MEDLINE and EMBASE for all otolaryngology-related studies that utilized PROs in children. Inclusion criteria included articles that required children (age<18) to complete PROs...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Courtney Lynam Scherr, Jessica L Feuston, Dawn M Nixon, Stephanie A Cohen
Professional organizations provide surveillance guidelines for BRCA1 and BRCA2 (BRCA) carriers with intact breasts and/or ovaries to facilitate early cancer detection. However, literature indicates adherence to surveillance guidelines is inconsistent at best. Using the Messaging Model for Health Communication Campaigns framework, we undertook a two-phase formative research approach to develop an intervention to promote adherence to surveillance guidelines. Discussion groups identified preferred intervention format and function in phase I...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Genetic Counseling
Wesley T Kerr, Emily A Janio, Chelsea T Braesch, Justine M Le, Jessica M Hori, Akash B Patel, Norma L Gallardo, Janar Bauirjan, Andrea M Chau, Eric S Hwang, Emily C Davis, Albert Buchard, David Torres-Barba, Shannon D'Ambrosio, Mona Al Banna, Andrew Y Cho, Jerome Engel, Mark S Cohen, John M Stern
OBJECTIVE: Psychogenic nonepileptic seizure (PNES) is a common diagnosis after evaluation of medication resistant or atypical seizures with video-electroencephalographic monitoring (VEM), but usually follows a long delay after the development of seizures, during which patients are treated for epilepsy. Therefore, more readily available diagnostic tools are needed for earlier identification of patients at risk for PNES. A tool based on patient-reported psychosocial history would be especially beneficial because it could be implemented in the outpatient clinic...
February 1, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Natalie C Ebner, Tian Lin, Melis Muradoglu, Devon H Weir, Gabriela M Plasencia, Travis S Lillard, Hossein Pournajafi-Nazarloo, Ronald A Cohen, C Sue Carter, Jessica J Connelly
The neuropeptide oxytocin (OT) has been implicated in a wide range of affiliative processes. OT exerts its functions via OT receptors, which are encoded by the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR). Epigenetic modification of OXTR through the process of DNA methylation has been associated with individual differences in behavioral phenotypes. Specifically, lower levels of OXTR methylation have been linked to better social and affective functioning. However, research on epigenetic mechanisms of OXTR is scarce in non-clinical populations, and even less is known about epigenetic variability across adulthood...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Marom Bikson, Andre R Brunoni, Leigh E Charvet, Vincent P Clark, Leonardo G Cohen, Zhi-De Deng, Jacek Dmochowski, Dylan J Edwards, Flavio Frohlich, Emily S Kappenman, Kelvin O Lim, Colleen Loo, Antonio Mantovani, David P McMullen, Lucas C Parra, Michele Pearson, Jessica D Richardson, Judith M Rumsey, Pejman Sehatpour, David Sommers, Gozde Unal, Eric M Wassermann, Adam J Woods, Sarah H Lisanby
BACKGROUND: Neuropsychiatric disorders are a leading source of disability and require novel treatments that target mechanisms of disease. As such disorders are thought to result from aberrant neuronal circuit activity, neuromodulation approaches are of increasing interest given their potential for manipulating circuits directly. Low intensity transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) with direct currents (transcranial direct current stimulation, tDCS) or alternating currents (transcranial alternating current stimulation, tACS) represent novel, safe, well-tolerated, and relatively inexpensive putative treatment modalities...
December 29, 2017: Brain Stimulation
Lisa Janet Cohen, Bernard Gorman, Jessica Briggs, Min Eun Jeon, Tal Ginsburg, Igor Galynker
In this study, we introduce the construct of the suicidal narrative, a hypothetical personal narrative linked to imminent suicide, and explore its relationship to near-term suicidal risk and the suicide crisis syndrome (SCS). Psychiatric outpatients (N = 289) were administered the Columbia Suicide-Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS), Suicide Crisis Inventory (SCI), and Suicide Narrative Inventory (SNI), a novel instrument combining the documented risk factors of Thwarted Belongingness, Perceived Burdensomeness, Humiliation, Social Defeat, Goal Disengagement, and Goal Reengagement...
February 4, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
Nicole Michael, Claire Palmer, John T Smith, Zhaoxing Pan, Tricia St Hilaire, Jessica Morgan, Victoria Heagy, Sumeet Garg
BACKGROUND: Growth-friendly surgery has high complication rates. The Complication Severity Score for growth-friendly surgery was developed to maintain consistency while reporting complications as part of research in this rapidly evolving field. This study evaluates the interrater and intrarater reliability of this complication classification system. METHODS: After Institutional Review Board approval, complications during treatment for early onset scoliosis were identified from a prospectively collected database...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Matthew F Bouchonville, Brant W Hager, Jessica B Kirk, Clifford R Qualls, Sanjeev Arora
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether participation in a multidisciplinary telementorship model of healthcare delivery improves primary care provider (PCP) and community health worker (CHW) confidence in managing patients with complex diabetes in medically underserved regions. METHODS: We applied a well-established healthcare delivery model, Project ECHO (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes), to the management of complex diabetes (Endo ECHO) in medically underserved communities...
January 2018: Endocrine Practice
Ruslan L Nuryyev, Toni L Uhlendorf, Wesley Tierney, Suren Zatikyan, Oleg Kopyov, Alex Kopyov, Jessica Ochoa, William Van Trigt, Cindy S Malone, Randy W Cohen
The use of regenerative medicine to treat nervous system disorders like ataxia has been proposed to either replace or support degenerating neurons. In this study, we assessed the ability of human neural progenitor cells (hNPCs) to repair and restore the function of dying neurons within the spastic Han-Wistar rat (sHW), a model of ataxia. The sHW rat suffers from neurodegeneration of specific neurons, including cerebellar Purkinje cells and hippocampal CA3 pyramidal cells leading to the observed symptoms of forelimb tremor, hind-leg rigidity, gait abnormality, motor incoordination, and a shortened life span...
November 2017: Cell Transplantation
Mark Goldin, Jessica Cohen, Alex Makhnevich, Colm Mulvany, Meredith Akerman, Liron Sinvani
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Hospitalized, medically ill older adults have increased risk; despite guidelines, data suggest suboptimal pharmacologic prophylaxis rates. Factors influencing provider prescribing non-compliance are unclear. We aimed to describe VTE prophylaxis practices and identify risk factors for, and outcomes of, prescribing non-compliance. A retrospective study was conducted of hospitalized adults aged ≥ 75 years, admitted to the medicine service of a large academic tertiary center from May 1, 2014 to June 30, 2015...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
Shana R Cohen, Jessica Miguel
This study examined cultural beliefs about ASD and its causes among Mexican-heritage families. In focus group interviews, we asked 25 immigrant parents of children with ASD to identify words they associated with ASD and its causes. Participants free-listed, ranked, and justified their responses. Mixed methods analyses utilized saliency scores to calculate responses. Deductive interview analyses justified participants' responses. Salient responses for ASD perceptions included specific characteristics about the child (e...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Shuang Li, Zimri S Yaseen, Hae-Joon Kim, Jessica Briggs, Molly Duffy, Anna Frechette-Hagan, Lisa J Cohen, Igor I Galynker
BACKGROUND: Prior research has validated the construct of a suicide crisis syndrome (SCS), a specific psychological state that precedes and may precipitate suicidal behavior. The feeling of entrapment is a central concept of the SCS as well as of several other recent models of suicide. However, its exact relationship with suicidality is not fully understood. In efforts to clarify the exact role of entrapment in the suicidal process, we have examined if entrapment mediates the relationship of other components of the SCS, including ruminative flooding, panic-dissociation, fear of dying and emotional pain, with suicidal ideation (SI) in recently hospitalized psychiatric inpatients...
January 8, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Mark G Shrime, Milton C Weinstein, James K Hammitt, Jessica L Cohen, Joshua A Salomon
BACKGROUND: Although nearly two-third of bankruptcy in the United States is medical in origin, a common assumption is that individuals facing a potentially lethal disease opt for cure at any cost. This assumption has never been tested, and knowledge of how the American population values a trade-off between cure and bankruptcy is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine the relative importance among the general American population of improved health versus improved financial risk protection, and to determine the impact of demographics on these preferences...
January 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Jessica Biernacki, Andrea Stracciolini, Kelsey Griffith, Pierre d'Hemecourt, Michael Owen, Dai Sugimoto
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between coping skills and current hip pain and function scores in ballet dancers. Secondly, we examined the relationship between coping skills and past injuries. Thirdly, we investigated the association between past injuries and current pain and function scores. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional observational study. Twenty-six young elite female dancers (mean age 15.9 years, range 14-17 years) participated...
January 5, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Marcela Gatica-Andrades, Dimitrios Vagenas, Jessica Kling, Tam T K Nguyen, Helen Benham, Ranjeny Thomas, Heinrich Körner, Bala Venkatesh, Jeremy Cohen, Antje Blumenthal
Improved understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying dysregulated inflammatory responses in severe infection and septic shock is urgently needed to improve patient management and identify new therapeutic opportunities. The WNT signaling pathway has been implicated as a novel constituent of the immune response to infection, but its contribution to the host response in septic shock is unknown. Although individual WNT proteins have been ascribed pro- or anti-inflammatory functions, their concerted contributions to inflammation in vivo remain to be clearly defined...
July 11, 2017: Blood Advances
Alisse Hannaford, Madeleine Lipshie-Williams, Joanna L Starrels, Julia H Arnsten, Jessica Rizzuto, Phillip Cohen, Damon Jacobs, Viraj V Patel
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) remains an under-utilized HIV prevention tool among men who have sex with men (MSM). To more comprehensively elucidate barriers and facilitators to PrEP use among US MSM, we conducted a systematic review of peer-reviewed published articles and content analysis of online posts about PrEP. We searched peer-reviewed databases (Medline, Web of Science, Google Scholar) using MESH headings and keywords about PrEP and/or HIV prevention from 2005 to 2015. We included original studies among MSM in the US that reported on barriers, facilitators, or other factors related to PrEP use...
December 28, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
Adanna Chukwuma, Chinyere Mbachu, Jessica Cohen, Thomas Bossert, Margaret McConnell
BACKGROUND: While 79% of Nigerian mothers who deliver in facilities receive postnatal care within 48 h of delivery, this is only true for 16% of mothers who deliver outside facilities. Most maternal deaths can be prevented with access to timely and competent health care. Thus, the World Health Organization, International Confederation of Midwives, and International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics recommend that unskilled birth attendants be involved in advocacy for skilled care use among mothers...
December 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Zohaib A Shaikh, Jessica A Chung, Daniel J Kersten, Alyssa M Feldman, Wilbur J Asheld, Joseph Germano, Shahidul Islam, Todd J Cohen
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between operator volume and implantable defibrillator lead failure and patient mortality at a single large implanting center. METHODS: This study analyzed the differences between high-volume and low-volume defibrillator implanters in the Pacemaker and Implantable Defibrillator Lead Survival Study ("PAIDLESS") between February 1, 1996 and December 31, 2011 at NYU Winthrop Hospital...
December 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
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