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Jessica Cohen

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903719/the-segregation-and-integration-of-distinct-brain-networks-and-their-relationship-to-cognition
#1
Jessica R Cohen, Mark D'Esposito
: A critical feature of the human brain that gives rise to complex cognition is its ability to reconfigure its network structure dynamically and adaptively in response to the environment. Existing research probing task-related reconfiguration of brain network structure has concluded that, although there are many similarities in network structure during an intrinsic, resting state and during the performance of a variety of cognitive tasks, there are meaningful differences as well. In this study, we related intrinsic, resting state network organization to reconfigured network organization during the performance of two tasks: a sequence tapping task, which is thought to probe motor execution and likely engages a single brain network, and an n-back task, which is thought to probe working memory and likely requires coordination across multiple networks...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886285/high-mof-loading-in-mixed-matrix-membranes-utilizing-styrene-butadiene-copolymers
#2
Jessica C Moreton, Michael S Denny, Seth M Cohen
A series of styrene/butadiene polymers were combined with up to 90 wt% UiO-66 to form mixed-matrix membranes with varying physical properties. Notably, polystyrene-block-polybutadiene (SBS) membranes retained much of the processability and flexibility of the native polymer component and the porosity, chemical tunability, and adsorption of the native MOF.
November 25, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881975/membrane-complexes-of-syntrophomonas-wolfei-involved-in-syntrophic-butyrate-degradation-and-hydrogen-formation
#3
Bryan R Crable, Jessica R Sieber, Xinwei Mao, Lisa Alvarez-Cohen, Robert Gunsalus, Rachel R Ogorzalek Loo, Hong Nguyen, Michael J McInerney
Syntrophic butyrate metabolism involves the thermodynamically unfavorable production of hydrogen and/or formate from the high potential electron donor, butyryl-CoA. Such redox reactions can occur only with energy input by a process called reverse electron transfer. Previous studies have demonstrated that hydrogen production from butyrate requires the presence of a proton gradient, but the biochemical machinery involved has not been clearly elucidated. In this study, the gene and enzyme systems involved in reverse electron transfer by Syntrophomonas wolfei were investigated using proteomic and gene expression approaches...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829189/dti-microstructural-abnormalities-in-adolescent-siblings-of-patients-with-childhood-onset-schizophrenia
#4
Dana Waltzman, Barbara Jean Knowlton, Jessica Rachel Cohen, Susan Yost Bookheimer, Robert Martin Bilder, Robert Franklin Asarnow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807554/mycobacterium-avium-intracellulare-complex-mac-producing-a-periportal-pseudotumor-in-a-patient-with-hiv-and-a-normal-cd4-count
#5
Jessica Johnson, Meghan Driscoll, Michael Cohen, Douglas G Adler
Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex (MAC) is an opportunistic infection typically associated with profound immunosuppression, such as AIDS. The presentation of disseminated MAC can be subtle and mimic systemic symptoms associated with lymphoma; abdominal pseudotumor is an exceptionally rare presentation. In the era of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART), opportunistic infections are increasingly rare, and secondary prophylaxis for MAC may be discontinued after adequate therapy and immune reconstitution...
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797661/a-case-series-on-the-effects-of-kripalu-yoga-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#6
Jessica R Morgan, Marlysa Sullivan, Akihiko Masuda, Erin Tully, Lindsey L Cohen, Page L Anderson
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a prevalent psychiatric disorder associated with substantial impairment and poor treatment response. Yoga influences processes that are linked to the maintenance of GAD including mindfulness, anxiety, and heart rate variability, but has yet to be evaluated among people with the disorder. The present study is a first step toward documenting the efficacy of yoga for reducing worry among people with GAD using a single-subject AB design case series and daily ratings of worry...
January 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794549/clinicians-use-of-prescription-drug-monitoring-programs-in-clinical-practice-and-decision-making
#7
Gillian J Leichtling, Jessica M Irvine, Christi Hildebran, Deborah J Cohen, Sara E Hallvik, Richard A Deyo
OBJECTIVES:  Little is known about clinicians' use of prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) profiles in decision-making. The objective of this qualitative study was to understand how clinicians use, interpret, and integrate PDMP profiles with other information in making clinical decisions. DESIGN : Qualitative interviews of clinician PDMP users. SETTING:  Oregon registrants in the state's PDMP. SUBJECTS:  Thirty-three clinicians practicing in primary care, emergency medicine, pain management, psychiatry, dentistry, and surgery...
October 29, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793431/parent-mediated-social-communication-therapy-for-young-children-with-autism-pact-long-term-follow-up-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Andrew Pickles, Ann Le Couteur, Kathy Leadbitter, Erica Salomone, Rachel Cole-Fletcher, Hannah Tobin, Isobel Gammer, Jessica Lowry, George Vamvakas, Sarah Byford, Catherine Aldred, Vicky Slonims, Helen McConachie, Patricia Howlin, Jeremy R Parr, Tony Charman, Jonathan Green
BACKGROUND: It is not known whether early intervention can improve long-term autism symptom outcomes. We aimed to follow-up the Preschool Autism Communication Trial (PACT), to investigate whether the PACT intervention had a long-term effect on autism symptoms and continued effects on parent and child social interaction. METHODS: PACT was a randomised controlled trial of a parent-mediated social communication intervention for children aged 2-4 years with core autism...
November 19, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780873/effects-of-eight-week-web-based-mindfulness-training-on-pain-intensity-pain-acceptance-and-life-satisfaction-in-individuals-with-chronic-pain
#9
Jessica Henriksson, Emma Wasara, Michael Rönnlund
This study examined the effects of an eight-week-web-based mindfulness program designed for individuals with chronic pain. A sample of 107 participants with chronic pain (M = 51.0 years, SD = 9.3) were randomly assigned to a treatment group and a control group. The mindfulness program involved 20 minutes of training per day, six days a week, for eight weeks. During this period, the control group was invited to an online discussion forum involving pain-related topics. A total of 77 participants completed the postintervention assessment (n = 36 in the treatment group, n = 41 in the control group)...
December 2016: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735925/early-manifestations-of-type-1-gaucher-disease-in-presymptomatic-children-diagnosed-after-parental-carrier-screening
#10
Amy C Yang, Louise Bier, Jessica R Overbey, Jessica Cohen-Pfeffer, Khyati Desai, Robert J Desnick, Manisha Balwani
PURPOSE: The overall published experience with pediatric type 1 Gaucher disease (GD1) has been based on ascertainment through clinical presentation of the disease. We describe the longitudinal follow-up in a presymptomatic pediatric cohort. METHODS: The cohort includes children diagnosed with GD1, either prenatally or postnatally by molecular genetic testing, and followed for clinical care at our center from 1998 to 2016. All patients' parents were GBA mutation carriers identified through carrier screening programs...
October 13, 2016: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712028/prediction-of-suicidal-behavior-in-high-risk-psychiatric-patients-using-an-assessment-of-acute-suicidal-state-the-suicide-crisis-inventory
#11
Igor Galynker, Zimri S Yaseen, Abigail Cohen, Ori Benhamou, Mariah Hawes, Jessica Briggs
BACKGROUND: We have developed the Suicide Crisis Inventory (SCI) to evaluate the intensity of the Suicidal Crisis Syndrome, an acute state hypothesized to precede suicide attempt. The psychometric properties of the SCI, including predictive validity for suicidal behavior (SB), were assessed. METHODS: Adult psychiatric patients (n = 201) hospitalized for high suicide risk were assessed. Logistic regression models assessed the SCI's predictive validity for SB in the 4-8 weeks following hospital discharge and its incremental predictive validity over traditional risk factors (n = 137, 64% f/u rate)...
October 6, 2016: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710003/feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-narrative-exposure-therapy-and-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-a-context-of-ongoing-violence-in-south-africa
#12
Martina Hinsberger, Leon Holtzhausen, Jessica Sommer, Debra Kaminer, Thomas Elbert, Soraya Seedat, Sarah Wilker, Anselm Crombach, Roland Weierstall
Objective: In an observer-blinded intervention trial, we tested the reduction of posttraumatic stress symptoms, aggressive attitude, and behavior in young males living in a context of ongoing community and gang violence by means of (a) forensic offender rehabilitation narrative exposure therapy (FORNET), and (b) the cognitive-behavioral intervention "Thinking for a Change" (TFAC). A waiting list served as the control condition. Method: A total of 39 young men were included in the data analysis: 15 completed FORNET, 11 underwent cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), and 13 were on a waiting list for later treatment...
October 6, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707828/fracture-in-the-elderly-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-femur-a-phase-ii-randomised-feasibility-study-of-a-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-package-following-hip-fracture
#13
Nefyn H Williams, Jessica L Roberts, Nafees Ud Din, Nicola Totton, Joanna M Charles, Claire A Hawkes, Val Morrison, Zoe Hoare, Michelle Williams, Aaron W Pritchard, Swapna Alexander, Andrew Lemmey, Robert T Woods, Catherine Sackley, Pip Logan, Rhiannon T Edwards, Clare Wilkinson
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a rigorous feasibility study for a future definitive parallel-group randomised controlled trial (RCT) and economic evaluation of an enhanced rehabilitation package for hip fracture. SETTING: Recruitment from 3 acute hospitals in North Wales. Intervention delivery in the community. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults (aged ≥65) who received surgical treatment for hip fracture, lived independently prior to fracture, had mental capacity (assessed by clinical team) and received rehabilitation in the North Wales area...
October 5, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702955/gaining-coverage-in-2014-new-estimates-of-marketplace-and-medicaid-transitions
#14
Jessica P Vistnes, Joel W Cohen
We used data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey-Household Component to examine coverage transitions for nonelderly US adults. We found that 71.5 percent of Marketplace enrollees in 2014 had some period of uninsurance before enrollment. In Medicaid expansion states, 17.4 percent of adults who were uninsured throughout 2013 gained Medicaid coverage in 2014, compared with only 5.6 percent in those states between 2012 and 2013.
October 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698471/anti-tubulin-drugs-conjugated-to-anti-erbb-antibodies-selectively-radiosensitize
#15
Stephen R Adams, Howard C Yang, Elamprakash N Savariar, Joe Aguilera, Jessica L Crisp, Karra A Jones, Michael A Whitney, Scott M Lippman, Ezra E W Cohen, Roger Y Tsien, Sunil J Advani
Tumour resistance to radiotherapy remains a barrier to improving cancer patient outcomes. To overcome radioresistance, certain drugs have been found to sensitize cells to ionizing radiation (IR). In theory, more potent radiosensitizing drugs should increase tumour kill and improve patient outcomes. In practice, clinical utility of potent radiosensitizing drugs is curtailed by off-target side effects. Here we report potent anti-tubulin drugs conjugated to anti-ErbB antibodies selectively radiosensitize to tumours based on surface receptor expression...
October 4, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688266/race-and-religious-beliefs-are-associated-with-communication-regarding-reproductive-health-and-preconception-counseling-in-young-women-with-diabetes
#16
Jessica Anne Devido, Susan M Sereika, Susan Merle Cohen, Denise Charron-Prochownik
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between selected internal and external characteristics and communication (intended and actual) with health care providers (HCPs) about reproductive health and preconception counseling among adolescent females with diabetes. METHODS: A descriptive, correlational design was employed to conduct a secondary analysis of baseline data from a multisite, randomized controlled trial. Participants were 110 female adolescents (92% type 1 diabetes)...
September 28, 2016: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667338/do-active-patients-seek-higher-quality-prenatal-care-a-panel-data-analysis-from-nairobi-kenya
#17
Jessica Cohen, Ginger Golub, Margaret E Kruk, Margaret McConnell
Despite poverty and limited access to health care, evidence is growing that patients in low-income countries are taking a more active role in their selection of health care providers. Urban areas such as Nairobi, Kenya offer a rich context for studying these "active" patients because of the large number of heterogeneous providers available. We use a unique panel dataset from 2015 in which 402 pregnant women from peri-urban (the "slums" of) Nairobi, Kenya were interviewed three times over the course of their pregnancy and delivery, allowing us to follow women's care decisions and their perceptions of the quality of care they received...
November 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642020/next-generation-maternal-health-external-shocks-and-health-system-innovations
#18
REVIEW
Margaret E Kruk, Stephanie Kujawski, Cheryl A Moyer, Richard M Adanu, Kaosar Afsana, Jessica Cohen, Amanda Glassman, Alain Labrique, K Srinath Reddy, Gavin Yamey
In this Series we document the substantial progress in the reduction of maternal mortality and discuss the current state of science in reducing maternal mortality. However, maternal health is also powerfully influenced by the structures and resources of societies, communities, and health systems. We discuss the shocks from outside of the field of maternal health that will influence maternal survival including economic growth in low-income and middle-income countries, urbanisation, and health crises due to disease outbreaks, extreme weather, and conflict...
November 5, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636116/genetic-and-environmental-associations-between-body-dissatisfaction-weight-preoccupation-and-binge-eating-evidence-for-a-common-factor-with-differential-loadings-across-symptom-type
#19
Shannon M O'Connor, Christopher R Beam, Xiaochen Luo, L Adelyn Cohen, Jessica L VanHuysse, Robert E Emery, Eric Turkheimer, Pamela K Keel, S Alexandra Burt, Michael Neale, Steven Boker, Kelly Klump
OBJECTIVE: Prior twin studies provide support for a single "common factor" that contributes genetic and environmental risk to a range of disordered eating symptoms. However, the common factor may be indexed less well by binge eating (BE) than other symptoms of eating disorders [i.e., body dissatisfaction (BD) and weight preoccupation (WP)]. We sought to explore the presence of a common factor and test whether loadings differed across three key symptoms (i.e., BE, BD, WP). METHOD: Disordered eating was assessed via self-report in 631 female twin pairs from the Michigan State University Twin Registry...
September 16, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604509/clinicians-experiences-with-the-fragile-x-clinical-and-research-consortium
#20
Jessica A Liu, Randi J Hagerman, Robert M Miller, Lisa T Craft, Brenda Finucane, Nicole Tartaglia, Elizabeth M Berry-Kravis, Stephanie L Sherman, Sharon A Kidd, Jeffrey Cohen
The objectives of the study were to assess the attitudes and experiences of clinicians involved in a consortium of clinics serving people with fragile X-associated disorders to gauge satisfaction with the consortium and its efforts to improve quality of life for patients and the community. An internet survey was sent to 26 fragile X (FX) clinic directors participating in the Fragile X Clinical and Research Consortium (FXCRC). Respondents were asked to complete 19 questions on consortium performance and outcomes relevant for their own clinic...
September 8, 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
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