keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

coronary calcium score

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528154/impact-of-exercise-on-the-relationship-between-cac-scores%C3%A2-and-all-cause-mortality
#1
Yoav Arnson, Alan Rozanski, Heidi Gransar, Sean W Hayes, John D Friedman, Louise E J Thomson, Daniel S Berman
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the correlations among coronary artery calcium (CAC), self-reported exercise, and mortality in asymptomatic patients. BACKGROUND: The interaction between reported exercise habits and CAC scores for predicting clinical risk is not yet well known. METHODS: We followed 10,690 asymptomatic patients who underwent CAC scanning. Patients were divided into 4 groups based on a single-item self-reported exercise...
May 11, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523594/the-relationship-between-coronary-artery-calcium-scores-and-left-atrium-size-in-hemodialysis-patients
#2
Ismail Baloglu, Kultigin Turkmen, H Zeki Tonbul, N Yılmaz Selcuk
PURPOSE: Hemodialysis patients have extremely increased cardiovascular mortality. The coronary artery calcification score (CACS) in uremic patients receiving hemodialysis reflects the severity of atherosclerotic vascular disease and predicts the cardiovascular events. In cardiac conditions, left atrial (LA) size has a prognostic importance. In this study, relationship between coronary artery calcification and left atrial size was investigated. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving 32 hemodialysis patients (16 females, 16 males; mean age, 52...
May 18, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521653/matrix-metalloproteinase-3-gene-polymorphism-rs3025058-affects-markers-atherosclerosis-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Aleš Pleskovič, Marija Šantl Letonja, Andreja Cokan Vujkovac, Jovana Nikolajević Starčević, Martin Caprnda, Eduard Curilla, Ioana Mozos, Peter Kruzliak, Robert Prosecky, Daniel Petrovič
BACKGROUND: The study was designed to test the possible association between either polymorphisms of the matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) gene (rs17576, rs3918242) or the MMP-3 5A/6A gene polymorphism (rs3025058) with markers of carotid atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The second aim of the study was to demonstrate an association between either the rs17576, rs3918242 or rs3025058 and subclinical markers of coronary artery disease in the same subset of patients with T2DM...
May 19, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513225/use-of-the-augmentation-index-from-applanation-tonometry-of-the-radial-artery-for-assessing-the-extent-of-coronary-artery-calcium-as-assessed-by-coronary-computed-tomography
#4
Noriaki Watanabe, Satoshi Kurisu, Yoji Sumimoto, Hiroki Ikenaga, Takashi Shimonaga, Tadanao Higaki, Fuminari Tatsugami, Ken Ishibashi, Toshiro Kitagawa, Yoshihiro Dohi, Yukihiro Fukuda, Hideya Yamamoto, Kazuo Awai, Yasuki Kihara
BACKGROUND: The augmentation index (AI) obtained from applanation tonometry of the radial artery is technically the easiest and quickest of available methods for assessing arterial stiffness. We tested the hypothesis that the radial AI is associated with the extent of coronary artery calcium (CAC) as assessed by coronary computed tomography (CCT). METHODS AND RESULTS: This study included 161 patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease undergoing central hemodynamic measurements and CCT...
May 17, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502735/effects-of-low-calcium-dialysate-on-the-progression-of-coronary-artery-calcification-in-hemodialysis-patients-an-open-label-12-month-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Soo Jin Kim, Young-Ki Lee, Jieun Oh, AJin Cho, Jung Woo Noh
BACKGROUND: The association between the dialysate calcium level and coronary artery calcification (CAC) has not yet been evaluated in hemodialysis patients. The objective of this study was to determine whether lowering the dialysate calcium levels would decrease the progression of coronary artery calcification (CAC) compared to using standard calcium dialysate. METHODS: We conducted an open-label randomized trial with parallel groups. The patients were randomly assigned to either 12-month treatment with low calcium dialysate (LCD; 1...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502500/the-association-between-dietary-cholesterol-intake-and-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-korean-adults-the-kangbuk-samsung-health-study
#6
Eun-Jung Rhee, Seungho Ryu, Jong-Young Lee, Sung Ho Lee, EunSun Cheong, Se Eun Park, Cheol-Young Park, Yu Sam Won, Joon Mo Kim, Dong-Sik Cho, Hye-Kyung Chung, Ki Chul Sung
BACKGROUND: The Scientific Report of the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee (2015) concluded that restriction of dietary cholesterol is unnecessary in most adults for the prevention of cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the risk for subclinical atherosclerosis according to coronary artery calcium score (CACS), based on dietary cholesterol intake in apparently healthy Korean adults. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study performed in 30,068 participants (mean age 40...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501727/methods-to-evaluate-arterial-structure-and-function-in-children-state-of-the-art-knowledge
#7
REVIEW
Piotr Skrzypczyk, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska
BACKGROUND: With increasing rates of hypertension, obesity, and diabetes in the pediatric population, wide available, and reproducible methods are necessary to evaluate arterial structure and function in children and adolescents. METHODS: MEDLINE/Pubmed was searched for articles published in years 2012-2017 on methodology of, current knowledge on, and limitations of the most commonly used methods to evaluate central, proximal and coronary arteries, as well as endothelial function in pediatric patients...
May 11, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500370/long-term-prognostic-performance-of-low-dose-coronary-computed-tomography-angiography-with-prospective-electrocardiogram-triggering
#8
Olivier F Clerc, Basil P Kaufmann, Mathias Possner, Riccardo Liga, Jan Vontobel, Fran Mikulicic, Christoph Gräni, Dominik C Benz, Tobias A Fuchs, Julia Stehli, Aju P Pazhenkottil, Oliver Gaemperli, Philipp A Kaufmann, Ronny R Buechel
OBJECTIVES: To assess long-term prognosis after low-dose 64-slice coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) using prospective electrocardiogram-triggering. METHODS: We included 434 consecutive patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease referred for low-dose CCTA. Patients were classified as normal, with non-obstructive or obstructive lesions, or previously revascularized. Coronary artery calcium score (CACS) was assessed in 223 patients. Follow-up was obtained regarding major adverse cardiac events (MACE): cardiac death, myocardial infarction and elective revascularization...
May 12, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499609/achilles-tendon-xanthomas-are-associated-with-the-presence-and-burden-of-subclinical-coronary-atherosclerosis-in-heterozygous-familial-hypercholesterolemia-a-pilot-study
#9
Leonardo C Mangili, Marcio H Miname, Pamela R S Silva, Marcio S Bittencourt, Viviane Z Rocha, Otavio C Mangili, Wilson Salgado Filho, Ana P Chacra, Cinthia E Jannes, Alexandre C Pereira, Raul D Santos
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Achilles tendon xanthomas (ATX) are a sign of long-term exposure to high blood cholesterol in familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) patients, which have been associated with cardiovascular disease. We evaluated the ATX association with the presence and extent of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis in heterozygous FH patients. METHODS: 102 FH patients diagnosed by US-MEDPED criteria (67% with genetically proven FH), with median LDL-C 279 mg/dL (interquartile range: 240; 313), asymptomatic for cardiovascular disease, underwent computed tomography angiography and coronary artery calcium (CAC) quantification...
April 30, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493399/diagnosis-of-fatty-liver-by-computed-tomography-coronary-artery-calcium-score
#10
Sarah E Kerut, John T Balart, Edmund K Kerut, Michael R McMullan
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease may range from simple steatosis to fibrosis and cirrhosis. It is associated with the development of coronary artery calcification and appears to be an independent predictor of future adverse cardiovascular events. As the presence of a fatty liver appears to portray an independent increased risk, it may be beneficial to note this on coronary artery calcium scoring reports. Determination of fatty liver is relatively easy to perform. We discuss the method used by the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) study for determination of fatty liver from CT coronary artery calcium scoring acquisitions, which may be implemented in clinical analysis...
May 11, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493105/association-between-cardiovascular-disease-risk-scores-and-subclinical-atherosclerosis-prevalence-in-non-elderly-adult-patients-from-argentina
#11
Ricardo A Albertini, Dario G Ferrer, Pablo A Romagnoli, María E Tinti, José L Amigone, Raúl Capra, Gustavo A Chiabrando
The goal of our study was to use statistical analysis to try to associate cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk scores and the observed prevalence of subclinical atherosclerosis (SA) in a non-elderly adult local population. An observational cross-sectional study was carried out (143 male and 131 female) on non-elderly adults (20-59 years). CVD risk scores included Framingham Risk Scores for 10-year hard (FRS 10 H), 30-year lipid hard or CVD (FRS 30 L H or FRS 30 L CVD), 30 year-body mass index hard or CVD (FRS 30 BMI H or FRS 30 BMI CVD) and Pooled Cohort Risk Equations for either 10 years (PCE 10) or lifetime (PCE LT)...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492571/-teamwork-for-cardiac-imaging-coronary-computed-tomography-angiography-and-low-dose-radiation-exposure-a-cardiology-center-experience
#12
Massimo Magnacca, Rosa Poddighe, Jacopo Del Meglio, Alessio Lilli, Marco Tullio Baratto, Maria Laura Canale, Carlo Tessa, Luca Salvatori, Alessandra Niespolo, Claudio Vignali, Giancarlo Casolo
BACKGROUND: Multidetector coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is increasingly used for noninvasive imaging of the coronary arteries. Radiation exposure, however, is a potential limitation to a more extensive use of this imaging modality. We aimed to demonstrate that a professional teamwork approach, including a cardiologist and a radiologist in performing CCTA, may allow to obtain best quality exams with very low radiation doses. METHODS: A total of 998 consecutive patients underwent CCTA in accordance with the most recent guidelines...
April 2017: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491082/altered-serum-level-of-cartilage-oligomeric-matrix-protein-and-its-association-with-coronary-calcification-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease
#13
Fang-Fang Wang, Lahati Ha, Hai-Yi Yu, Lin Mi, Jiang-Li Han, Wei Gao
BACKGROUND: Cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) is mainly found in the skeletal system and vascular smooth muscle cells. Recent researches showed that it had a protective function on blood vessels and could also inhibit vascular calcification. We investigated the serum COMPs in coronary heart disease (CHD) patients, and the relationship between serum COMP and the calcification of coronary artery. METHODS: A total of 233 consecutive chest pain patients who first underwent coronary angiography followed by multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) within six months were recruited and divided into two groups according to the coronary angiography luminal diameter narrowing percentages: CHD group (diameter narrowing ≥ 50%, n = 194) and control group (diameter narrowing < 50%, n = 39)...
February 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487137/clinical-risk-factors-alone-are-inadequate-for-predicting-significant-coronary-artery-disease
#14
Frederick K Korley, Constantine Gatsonis, Bradley S Snyder, Richard T George, Thura Abd, Stefan L Zimmerman, Harold I Litt, Judd E Hollander
OBJECTIVE: We sought to derive and validate a model for identifying suspected ACS patients harboring undiagnosed significant coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of data from a randomized control trial (RCT). Patients randomized to the CTA arm of an RCT examining a CTA-based strategy for ruling-out acute coronary syndrome (ACS) constitute the derivation cohort, which was randomly divided into a training dataset (2/3, used for model derivation) and a test dataset (1/3, used for internal validation (IV))...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483581/prognostic-value-of-segment-involvement-score-compared-to-other-measures-of-coronary-atherosclerosis-by-computed-tomography-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Chadi Ayoub, Fernanda Erthal, Mahmoud A Abdelsalam, M Hassan Murad, Zhen Wang, Patricia J Erwin, Graham S Hillis, Leonard Kritharides, Benjamin J W Chow
BACKGROUND: The segment involvement score (SIS) is a semiquantitative measure of the extent of atherosclerosis burden by coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA). We sought to evaluate by meta-analysis the prognostic value of SIS, and to compare it with other CTA measures of coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Electronic databases from 1946 to January 2016 were searched. Studies reporting SIS, or an equivalent measure by coronary CTA, and clinical outcomes were included...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480672/coronary-artery-calcium-score-where-do-we-stand-current-uses-and-implications-in-asymptomatic-patients
#16
Nili Schamroth, Ariel Gutstein, Ran Kornowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476766/effect-of-long-term-metformin-and-lifestyle-in-the-diabetes-prevention-program-and-its-outcome-study-on-coronary-artery-calcium
#17
Ronald B Goldberg, Vanita R Aroda, David A Bluemke, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Matthew J Budoff, Jill P Crandall, Dana Dabelea, Edward S Horton, Kieren J Mather, Trevor J Orchard, David Schade, Karol Watson, Marinella Temprosa
Background -Despite the reduced incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) with intensive risk factor management, people with diabetes and prediabetes remain at increased CHD risk. Diabetes prevention interventions may be needed to reduce CHD risk. This approach was examined in the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) and its Outcome Study (DPPOS), a long-term intervention study in 3234 subjects with prediabetes (mean [±SD] age 64±10 yrs) which showed reduced diabetes risk with lifestyle and metformin compared to placebo over 3...
May 5, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473443/relationship-of-autoantibodies-to-mda-ldl-and-apob-immune-complexes-to-sex-ethnicity-subclinical-atherosclerosis-and-cardiovascular-events
#18
Anand Prasad, Paul Clopton, Colby Ayers, Amit Khera, James A de Lemos, Joseph L Witztum, Sotirios Tsimikas
OBJECTIVE: Modifications of lipid constituents within atherosclerotic lesions generate neoepitopes that activate innate and adaptive immune responses. We aimed to define the prevalence, distribution, and relationship of autoantibody titers of oxidized lipoproteins to subclinical atherosclerosis and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in different ethnic groups. APPROACH AND RESULTS: IgG and IgM autoantibodies to malondialdehyde-modified low-density lipoprotein (MDA-LDL) and apolipoprotein B-100-immune complexes were measured in 3509 individuals (1814 blacks, 1031 whites, 589 Hispanics, and 85 no race identifier) from the Dallas Heart Study with median 10...
May 4, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471937/coexistence-of-colorectal-adenomas-and-coronary-calcification-in-asymptomatic-men-and-women
#19
Kyung Eun Yun, Yoosoo Chang, Sanjay Rampal, Yiyi Zhang, Juhee Cho, Hyun-Suk Jung, Chan-Won Kim, Chul Jeong, Miguel Cainzos-Achirica, Di Zhao, Roberto Pastor-Barriuso, Hocheol Shin, Eliseo Guallar, Seungho Ryu
GOALS: Because of shared risk factors between clinically manifest cardiovascular disease and colorectal cancer, we hypothesized the coexistence of subclinical atherosclerosis measured by coronary artery calcium (CAC) and colorectal adenoma (CRA) and that these 2 processes would also share common risk factors. BACKGROUND: No study has directly compared the risk factors associated with subclinical coronary atherosclerosis and CRA. STUDY: This was a cross-sectional study using multinomial logistic regression analysis of 4859 adults who participated in a health screening examination (2010 to 2011; analysis 2014 to 2015)...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466368/adherence-to-treatment-safety-tolerance-and-effectiveness-of-perindopril-amlodipine-fixed-dose-combination-in-greek-patients-with-hypertension-and-stable-coronary-artery-disease-a-pan-hellenic-prospective-observational-study-of-daily-clinical-practice
#20
Charalampos I Liakos, Dimitrios P Papadopoulos, Vasilios T Kotsis
BACKGROUND: Initiation of antihypertensive therapy with a two-drug fixed-dose combination (FDC) in a single tablet may be recommended in patients at high risk of cardiovascular events to improve adherence and effectiveness. Preferred combinations include an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor with a dihydropyridine calcium antagonist. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed adherence to and the safety, tolerance, and effectiveness of the perindopril/amlodipine FDC in Greek patients with hypertension and stable coronary artery disease (CAD) over a 4-month period...
May 2, 2017: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs: Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions
keyword
keyword
33033
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"