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Neurosurgery review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140955/on-line-ratings-of-spine-surgeons-analysis-of-208-surgeons
#1
Jun Zhang, Adan Omar, Addisu Mesfin
STUDY DESIGN: Observational study OBJECTIVE.: To evaluate the online ratings of spine surgeons and variables that may affect online ratings. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Physician review websites (PRW) are rapidly growing for-profit businesses. Most Orthopaedic surgeons are rated on at least one PRW as are other surgical specialists. To date the online ratings of spine surgeons have not been evaluated. METHODS: Cervical Spine Research Society (CSRS) surgeon ratings on 5 physician rating websites were performed in April 2016: 'healthgrade...
November 14, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138075/the-optimal-treatment-options-of-septated-chronic-subdural-haematoma-a-retrospective-comparison-of-craniotomy-versus-endoscopic-assisted-burr-hole-craniostomy
#2
Jibo Zhang, Xingyue Fan, Xuemeng Liu, Jincao Chen, Wei Wang, Kai Fu
OBJECTIVE: To complete a retrospective comparison of endoscope-assisted burr-hole craniostomy (EBHC) and craniotomy in the treatment of septated chronic subdural hematoma (SCSH). METHODS: A retrospective case note review comparing EBHC and craniotomy of SCSH was therefore performed. Data of patients with a SCSH for EBHC or craniotomy during the period from January 2011 to January 2017 were retrospectively collected and analysed. Of 70 patients, 43 underwent EBHC and 27 patients were treated by craniotomy...
November 11, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135727/comparative-cost-analysis-of-single-and-mutli-stage-temporal-deformity-correction-following-neurosurgical-procedures
#3
Anthony Asemota, Gabriel F Santiago, Susan Zhong, Chad R Gordon
PURPOSE: Temporal hollowing deformity (THD) is a visible concavity/convexity in the temporal fossa; a complication often seen following neurosurgical/craniofacial procedures. Although numerous techniques have been described, no study to date has shown the healthcare costs associated with temporal hollowing correction surgery. Thus, the purpose here is to compare and contrast the direct costs related to temporal cranioplasty using various methods including: liquid poly-methyl-methacrylate (PMMA) implants with screw fixation, prebent, modified titanium mesh implants, and customized cranial implants (CCIs) with dual-purpose design...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134342/an-introduction-and-overview-of-machine-learning-in-neurosurgical-care
#4
REVIEW
Joeky T Senders, Mark M Zaki, Aditya V Karhade, Bliss Chang, William B Gormley, Marike L Broekman, Timothy R Smith, Omar Arnaout
BACKGROUND: Machine learning (ML) is a branch of artificial intelligence that allows computers to learn from large complex datasets without being explicitly programmed. Although ML is already widely manifest in our daily lives in various forms, the considerable potential of ML has yet to find its way into mainstream medical research and day-to-day clinical care. The complex diagnostic and therapeutic modalities used in neurosurgery provide a vast amount of data that is ideally suited for ML models...
November 13, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134341/universit%C3%A3-tsspital-z%C3%A3-rich-80-years-of-neurosurgical-patient-care-in-switzerland
#5
Martin N Stienen, Carlo Serra, Lennart H Stieglitz, Niklaus Krayenbühl, Oliver Bozinov, Luca Regli
BACKGROUND: The predecessor of today's Department of Neurosurgery, UniversitätsSpital Zürich (USZ), was founded 80 years ago as the first independent Swiss clinic dedicated to neurosurgical patient care. On the occasion of this anniversary, we aimed to highlight the history of neurosurgery as a specialty at the USZ, and to put it into the historical context of Swiss and European Neurosurgery. METHOD: A literature review was conducted and we searched the archives of the USZ and the city of Zurich, as well as those of Swiss journals to extract relevant published articles, books, historical reports and pictures...
November 13, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132630/evaluating-e-consultation-implementations-based-on-use-and-time-line-across-various-specialties
#6
Pratik J Parikh, Corinne Mowrey, Jennie Gallimore, Stephen Harrell, Brian Burke
BACKGROUND: Electronic Consultation (e-consults) can provide improved access, enhance patient and provider satisfaction, and reduce beneficiary travel expenses. We explored how e-consults were implemented across three specialty areas, diabetes (Diab), gastroenterology (GI), and neurosurgery (Neuro), at two Veterans Affairs hospitals in terms of strategies for use and time-lines. METHODS: We conducted observations and electronically shadowed patient e-consultations submitted to a specialty care service by primary care provider(s) at the two sites during a thirteen-month period...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122305/reconstruction-of-cranioplasty-using-medpor-porouspolyethylene-implant
#7
B Marlier, J-C Kleiber, M Bannwarth, E Theret, C Eap, C F Litre
INTRODUCTION: We describe our experience of cranioplasty after a calvarial defect, following an external decompressive craniectomy, with the Medpor(®) (Stryker(®)) porous polyethylene implant for cosmetic cranioplasty and reconstruction. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on 23 consecutive patients who underwent cranioplasty at a single institution between January 2013 and January 2016: 9 patients after head injury and 14 patients after vascular event (ruptured aneurysm, intraprenchymal haematoma, malignant cerebrovascular accident)...
November 6, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121841/prophylactic-inferior-vena-cava-filter-utilization-and-risk-factors-for-nonretrieval
#8
Jordan R Stern, Danielle E Cafasso, Andrew J Meltzer, Darren B Schneider, Sharif H Ellozy, Peter H Connolly
PURPOSE: Inferior vena cava filters (IVCFs) are often placed for prophylactic indications. We sought to better define the range of practice indications for placement of prophylactic IVCFs, as well as the specific retrieval rate and risk factors for nonretrieval. METHODS: A retrospective, single-institution review of patients undergoing IVCF placement over a 2-year period was performed. Patients undergoing prophylactic IVCF placement were selected from a prospectively collected database...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121788/fluorescence-image-guided-neurosurgery
#9
Sadao Kaneko, Muftah S Eljamel
Surgery plays an important role in the management of high-grade gliomas (HGG) and imparts significant tumor-free and overall survival advantages. However HGG margins are often invisible, making their gross total resection (GTR) a difficult task. Hence intraoperative technology such as intraoperative fluorescence was a revolutionary discovery. A critical literature review revealed fluorescence improved the GTR of HGG from 36% using standard surgery to 74.5 and 84.4% using aminolevulinic acid (ALA) or fluorescein (FLCN), respectively...
November 10, 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114271/organized-chronic-subdural-hematomas-treated-by-large-craniotomy-with-extended-membranectomy-as-the-initial-treatment
#10
Mustafa Balevi
Objective: The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate the efficacy and incidence of complications of craniotomy and membranectomy in elderly patients for the treatment of organized chronic subdural hematoma (OCSH). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed a series of 28 consecutive patients suffering from OCSH, diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computer tomography (CT) to establish the degree of organization and determine the intrahematomal architecture including inner membrane ossification...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111318/corrigendum-to-intraoperative-ultrasound-in-patients-undergoing-transsphenoidal-surgery-for-pituitary-adenoma-systematic-review-world-neurosurgery-106-2017-680-685
#11
Hani J Marcus, Tom Vercauteren, Sebastien Ourselin, Neil L Dorward
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105067/similarities-and-differences-in-neuroplasticity-mechanisms-between-brain-gliomas-and-nonlesional-epilepsy
#12
Pierre Bourdillon, Caroline Apra, Marc Guénot, Hugues Duffau
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the conceptual and practical implications of a hodotopic approach in neurosurgery, and to compare the similarities and the differences in neuroplasticity mechanisms between low-grade gliomas and nonlesional epilepsy. METHODS: We review the recent data about the hodotopic organization of the brain connectome, alongside the organization of epileptic networks, and analyze how these two structures interact, suggesting therapeutic prospects. Then we focus on the mechanisms of neuroplasticity involved in glioma natural course and after glioma surgery...
November 3, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101073/malignant-cerebral-swelling-after-a-cranioplasty-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Liang Shen, Yue Zhou, Jie Xu, Zhongzhou Su
BACKGROUND: Cranioplasty is considered a low-risk operation in the field of neurosurgery following decompression craniectomy (DC). Well-known complications after cranioplasty, such as infection, seizure, and titanium plate exposure, may not threaten the lives of patients. Unfortunately, there are many fatal complications that are under reported. In this study, we report a case and perform a literature review to introduce malignant cerebral swelling, which is regarded as a devastating complication...
October 28, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092639/a-single-center-intervention-to-discontinue-postoperative-antibiotics-after-spinal-fusion
#14
Ariane Lewis, Jessica Lin, Herbert James, Anne Clara Krok, Nicole Zeoli, Janine Healy, Tyler Lewis, Donato Pacione
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative antibiotics (PA) are often administered to patients after instrumented spinal surgery until all drains are removed to prevent surgical site infections (SSI). This practice is discouraged by numerous medical society guidelines, so our institutional Neurosurgery Quality Improvement Committee decided to discontinue use of PA for this population. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data for patients who had instrumented spinal surgery at our institution for seven months before and after this policy change and compared the frequency of SSI and development of antibiotic related complications in patients who received PA to those who did not (non-PA)...
November 2, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090678/risk-of-transmission-of-sporadic-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease-by-surgical-procedures-systematic-reviews-and-quality-of-evidence
#15
Fernando J García López, María Ruiz-Tovar, Javier Almazán-Isla, Enrique Alcalde-Cabero, Miguel Calero, Jesús de Pedro-Cuesta
BACKGROUND: Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) is potentially transmissible to humans. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to summarise and rate the quality of the evidence of the association between surgery and sCJD. DESIGN AND METHODS: Firstly, we conducted systematic reviews and meta-analyses of case-control studies with major surgical procedures as exposures under study. To assess quality of evidence, we used the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE) approach...
October 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076422/the-prophylactic-use-of-antiepileptic-drugs-in-patients-scheduled-for-neurosurgery
#16
Barbara Miziak, Kinga Borowicz-Reutt, Radoslaw Rola, Barbara Blaszczyk, Miroslaw Czuczwar, Stanislaw J Czuczwar
Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) possess diverse mechanisms of action - enhancement of GABA-mediated events, inhibition of glutamate-mediated excitation, blockade of voltage-dependent sodium or calcium channels being the most frequently shared. They are not only used for the symptomatic management of epilepsy but in the treatment of psychiatric or neurologic disorders (e.g. bipolar disorder, neuropathic pain, prophylaxis of migraine). Generally, this group of drugs is also widely used in neurosurgery patients for the prevention of seizure activity and their effectiveness in this regard has been evaluated in this review...
October 27, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076419/intraoperative-seizures-anesthetic-drugs-and-antiepileptic-drugs
#17
Alberto Uribe, Alix Zuleta-Alarcon, Mahmoud Kassem, Gurneet S Sandhu, Sergio D Bergese
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a common condition with up to 1% prevalence in the general population. In the perioperative course of neurologic surgery patients, the use of prophylactic and therapeutic antiepileptic drugs is a common practice. Nonetheless, there is limited evidence supporting the use of prophylactic antiepileptics to prevent perioperative seizures and there are no guidelines for which anesthetic technique is preferred. OBJECTIVE: To discuss the seizurogenic potential of anesthetic drugs and to discuss intraoperative seizures in neurosurgical patients...
October 24, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076002/influence-of-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-in-prognosis-of-glioblastoma-multiforme
#18
Marta Lopes, Bruno Carvalho, Rui Vaz, Paulo Linhares
Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a hematological marker of systemic inflammation and several studies demonstrate an association between a higher NLR and a worse prognosis in many malignancies. However, literature analyzing its prognostic value in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is still scarce. We intended to analyze the correlation of NLR with overall survival and progression-free survival in patients with GBM performing a retrospective review of the patients with diagnosis of GBM submitted to a resection surgery in the department of neurosurgery of a tertiary care hospital, between January/2005 and January/2013...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074342/the-use-of-endoscopic-assisted-burr-hole-craniostomy-for-septated-chronic-subdural-haematoma-a-retrospective-cohort-comparison-study
#19
Jibo Zhang, Xuemeng Liu, Xingyue Fan, Kai Fu, Chengshi Xu, Qin Hu, Pucha Jiang, Jincao Chen, Wei Wang
OBJECTIVE: To complete a retrospective comparison of endoscope-assisted burr-hole craniostomy (EBHC) and ordinary burr-hole craniostomy (OBHC) in the treatment of septated chronic subdural hematoma (SCSH). METHODS: A retrospective case note review comparing EBHC and OBHC of SCSH was therefore performed. Data of patients with a SCSH for EBHC or OBHC during the period from January 2011 to December 2016 were retrospectively collected and analysed. Of 73 patients, 42 underwent EBHC and 31 patients were treated by OBHC...
October 23, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068964/an-algorithm-for-managing-intraosseous-vascular-anomalies-of-the-craniofacial-skeleton
#20
Kathryn V Isaac, Tara Lynn Teshima, Richard I Aviv, Mahmood Fazl, Leodante da Costa, Todd Mainprize, Oleh Antonyshyn
BACKGROUND: Intraosseous vascular anomalies (IOVA) are rare in the craniofacial skeleton and present a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. This study aims to describe the clinical management based on a large case series. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed and 9 IOVA were identified over a 15-year period. Data on demographics, diagnostic features, clinical management, and outcomes were reviewed. RESULTS: Five frontal bone IOVA and 4 orbital IOVA were identified...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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