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Malaria fever

Yanouk Epelboin, Sarah C Chaney, Amandine Guidez, Nausicaa Habchi-Hanriot, Stanislas Talaga, Lanjiao Wang, Isabelle Dusfour
Since the 1940s, French Guiana has implemented vector control to contain or eliminate malaria, yellow fever, and, recently, dengue, chikungunya, and Zika. Over time, strategies have evolved depending on the location, efficacy of the methods, development of insecticide resistance, and advances in vector control techniques. This review summarises the history of vector control in French Guiana by reporting the records found in the private archives of the Institute Pasteur in French Guiana and those accessible in libraries worldwide...
March 12, 2018: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Stephen Poyer, Anne Musuva, Nancy Njoki, Robi Okara, Andrea Cutherell, Dana Sievers, Cristina Lussiana, Dorothy Memusi, Rebecca Kiptui, Waqo Ejersa, Stephanie Dolan, Nicole Charman
BACKGROUND: Private sector availability and use of malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) lags behind the public sector in Kenya. Increasing channels through which quality malaria diagnostic services are available can improve access to testing and help meet the target of universal diagnostic testing. Registered pharmacies are currently not permitted to perform blood tests, and evidence of whether malaria RDTs can be used by non-laboratory private providers in line with the national malaria control guidelines is required to inform ongoing policy discussions in Kenya...
March 13, 2018: Malaria Journal
Natalia Rodriguez-Valero, Helena Moza Moriñigo, Miguel J Martínez, Aida Peiró, Ines Oliveira, Marta Bodro, Joan Gómez-Junyent, Joaquim Gascon, Jose Muñoz
BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis is an important zoonosis worldwide, nevertheless is often poor recognized in non tropical settings. In Thailand is becoming an emerging disease and Chiang Mai could become a popular spot to acquire the disease amongst travelers. METHODS: We describe three cases of imported leptospirosis undifferentiated fever after travelling to Thailand during the summer of 2015 diagnosed at two Spanish hospitals. RESULTS: Our three patients probably acquired leptospirosis while swimming in freshwater around Chiang Mai, a Thailand's northern region with moderate incidence of leptopirosis...
March 8, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
Cheryl L Maier, Phillip J Gross, Christina L Dean, Satheesh Chonat, Andrew Ip, Morgan McLemore, Fuad El Rassi, Sean R Stowell, Cassandra D Josephson, Ross M Fasano
BACKGROUND: Fever accompanying vaso-occlusive crisis is a common presentation in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) and carries a broad differential diagnosis. Here, we report a case of transfusion-transmitted malaria in a patient with SCD presenting with acute vaso-occlusive crisis and rapidly decompensating to multisystem organ failure (MSOF). CASE REPORT: An 18-year-old African American male with SCD was admitted after multiple days of fever and severe generalized body pain...
March 9, 2018: Transfusion
Catherine E Oldenburg, Philippe J Guerin, Fatou Berthé, Rebecca F Grais, Sheila Isanaka
Background: The relationship between malaria infection and nutritional status is complex and previous studies suggest malaria may increase the incidence and severity of malnutrition while malnutrition may increase the risk of malaria infection. Here, we report bi-directional associations between malaria and nutritional status among children with uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition (SAM). Methods: The present study is a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial for the treatment of uncomplicated SAM in Niger...
March 7, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Grace Awantang, Stella Babalola, Hannah Koenker, Kathleen Fox, Michael Toso, Nan Lewicky, Daniel Somah, Victor Koko
BACKGROUND: In 2010, malaria was responsible for an estimated 41% of deaths among children under the age of five years in Liberia. The same year, the Rebuilding Basic Health Services Project launched "Healthy Baby, Happy Mother," a social and behavior change communication campaign. The campaign encouraged caregivers to take children under the age of five years to a health facility as soon as children developed fever. This study investigated correlates of two case management outcomes: care-seeking for children under five with fever during the past two weeks and administration of an artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) the same or next day as fever onset...
March 7, 2018: Malaria Journal
Alinune Nathanael Kabaghe, Michael Give Chipeta, Robert Sean McCann, Dianne Jean Terlouw, Tinashe Tizifa, Zinenani Truwah, Kamija Samuel Phiri, Michèle van Vugt
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of cost effective malaria control interventions, such as insecticide-treated bed nets (ITN), diagnosis and effective treatment of malaria, and intermittent preventive treatment during pregnancy (IPTp), the lack of equitable access and coverage affect utilization of these interventions in rural communities. Aggregated rates of access and utilization of malaria interventions in national surveys mask substantial variations in intervention coverage. Utilization of interventions and factors affecting utilization need investigation in rural communities...
March 6, 2018: Malaria Journal
C Bottger, L Bernard, V Briand, C Bougouma, J Triendebeogo, V Ridde
Background: In Africa, fever is the main reason for consultation, with malaria playing a prominent role. Studies have reported that the widespread use of rapid diagnostic tests for malaria, implemented since 2010, has revealed an increasing proportion of non-malaria acute febrile illnesses (NMAFI). It is an important public health issue because evidence shows that mortality is higher among patients presenting with non-malarial fever than among those with malaria. Methods: This cross-sectional study assessed the professional practices of healthcare providers in the management of NMAFI in urban and rural sites in Burkina Faso...
March 2, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Vikas Shrivastava, Sohaib Ahmad, Garima Mittal, Vibha Gupta, Nadia Shirazi, Varun Kalra
Background: In this follow-up study, we aimed to establish the cut-off values of the volume, conductivity and scatter (VCS) parameters of leucocytes that significantly differ in dengue fever, malaria, scrub typhus and enteric fever, as described in our pilot study. Methods: A prospective observational case-control study was undertaken on patients with an established diagnosis of acute malaria (n=476), dengue fever (n=927), scrub typhus (n=425), bacterial sepsis (n=1598) or enteric fever (n=885) and the haematological and VCS data obtained by the Coulter LH 750 analyser were compared with controls...
March 2, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Kazuki Hirata, Taku Ogawa, Hiroyuki Fujikura, Yoshihiko Ogawa, Nobuyasu Hirai, Tomoko Nakagawa-Onishi, Kenji Uno, Masahiro Takeyama, Kei Kasahara, Fukumi Nakamura-Uchiyama, Mitsuru Konishi, Keiichi Mikasa
Few studies have analyzed the characteristics of patients who develop physical disorders after overseas travel. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 183 patients who visited Nara Medical University Hospital from 2008 to 2016 because of physical problems after traveling abroad. The main travel destinations were Southeast Asia (n = 100), Africa (n = 27), and South Asia (n = 23). The main reasons for the travel were leisure (n = 96), business (n = 51), and volunteer work (n = 19). The most common final diagnosis was gastrointestinal disease (n = 72), followed by febrile disease (n = 59) and respiratory disease (n = 19)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Hee Sung Kim, Gilwon Kang, Sunmi Lee, Chang Gyo Yoon, Minyoung Kim
BACKGROUND: Chemoprophylaxis has been used to prevent malaria among soldiers and secondary transmission, as it effectively facilitates a decline in disease occurrence and secondary prevention. However, poor compliance and decreased risk of exposure to malaria necessitate that control strategies be reestablished. METHODS: To predict the incidence of malaria according to a control strategy, we proposed a mathematical model for its transmission using epidemiological data from 2010 to 2012...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Serge David Dago Attemene, Sylvain Beourou, Karim Tuo, Albert Alloh Gnondjui, Abibatou Konate, Andre Offianan Toure, Seraphin Kati-Coulibaly, Joseph Alico Djaman
Malaria is an infectious and deadly parasitic disease, associated with fever, anaemia and other ailments. Unfortunately the upsurge of plasmodium multidrug resistant constrained researchers to look for new effective drugs. Medicinal plants seem to be an unquenchable source of bioactive principles in the treatment of various diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the antiplasmodial activity of two Ivorian medicinal plants. The in vitro activity was evaluated against clinical isolates and Plasmodium falciparum K1 multidrug resistant strain using the fluorescence based SYBR green I assay...
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
James S Miller, Lacey English, Michael Matte, Rapheal Mbusa, Moses Ntaro, Shem Bwambale, Jessica Kenney, Mark J Siedner, Raquel Reyes, Patrick T Lee, Edgar Mulogo, Geren S Stone
BACKGROUND: Village health workers (VHWs) in five villages in Bugoye subcounty (Kasese District, Uganda) provide integrated community case management (iCCM) services, in which VHWs evaluate and treat malaria, pneumonia, and diarrhoea in children under 5 years of age. VHWs use a "Sick Child Job Aid" that guides them through the evaluation and treatment of these illnesses. A retrospective observational study was conducted to measure the quality of iCCM care provided by 23 VHWs in 5 villages in Bugoye subcounty over a 2-year period...
February 27, 2018: Malaria Journal
Christel Gill Haanshuus, Sara Chandy, Anand Manoharan, Rosario Vivek, Dilip Mathai, Deepika Xena, Ashita Singh, Nina Langeland, Bjørn Blomberg, George Vasanthan, Usha Sitaram, Jonathan Appasamy, Joel Nesaraj, Anil Henry, Suvarna Patil, Gerardo Alvarez-Uria, Lois Armstrong, Kristine Mørch
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0158816.].
2018: PloS One
Zhang Xue-Yan, Sun Bo-Chao
OBJECTIVE: To understand the epidemiological trend of imported malaria and its monitoring and control effect in Yancheng City from 2011 to 2015, so as to provide the evidence for adjusting the prevention and control strategy. METHODS: The data of malaria surveillance, epidemic, prevention and control were collected and analyzed in the districts and counties of Yancheng City from 2011 to 2015. RESULTS: From 2011 to 2015, there were 104 imported malaria cases reported, and the most cases (52 cases, 50%) were reported from Jianhu County...
October 19, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Lin H Chen, Karin Leder, Kira A Barbre, Patricia Schlagenhauf, Michael Libman, Jay Keystone, Marc Mendelson, Philippe Gautret, Eli Schwartz, Marc Shaw, Sue MacDonald, Anne McCarthy, Bradley A Connor, Douglas H Esposito, Davidson Hamer, Mary E Wilson
Background: Analysis of a large cohort of business travelers will help clinicians focus on frequent and serious illnesses. We aimed to describe travel-related health problems in business travelers. Methods: GeoSentinel Surveillance Network consists of 64 travel and tropical medicine clinics in 29 countries; descriptive analysis was performed on ill business travelers, defined as persons traveling for work, evaluated after international travel 1 January 1997 through 31 December 2014...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
Vincent O Nyasembe, David P Tchouassi, Christian W W Pirk, Catherine L Sole, Baldwyn Torto
The global spread of vector-borne diseases remains a worrying public health threat, raising the need for development of new combat strategies for vector control. Knowledge of vector ecology can be exploited in this regard, including plant feeding; a critical resource that mosquitoes of both sexes rely on for survival and other metabolic processes. However, the identity of plant species mosquitoes feed on in nature remains largely unknown. By testing the hypothesis about selectivity in plant feeding, we employed a DNA-based approach targeting trnH-psbA and matK genes and identified host plants of field-collected Afro-tropical mosquito vectors of dengue, Rift Valley fever and malaria being among the most important mosquito-borne diseases in East Africa...
February 20, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Pierre Alex Crisinel
Persistent fever or FUO (fever of unknown origin) is defined by a fever of more than 1‑2 weeks that remains unexplained, after considerable diagnostic efforts. In the travelling child, in addition to cosmopolitan infectious diseases, tropical pathogens must absolutely be considered according to the regions visited and the activities practiced. A detailed history and a complete clinical examination are essential to decide which supplementary investigations will complete the basic assessment, which must contain the search for malaria in any child who has visited an endemic area...
February 14, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
Michael J Maze, Quique Bassat, Nicholas A Feasey, Inácio Mandomando, Patrick Musicha, John A Crump
BACKGROUND: Fever is among the most common symptoms of people living in Africa, and clinicians are challenged by the similar clinical features of a wide spectrum of potential aetiologies. AIM: To summarise recent studies of fever aetiology in sub-Saharan Africa focusing on causes other than malaria. SOURCES: A narrative literature review by searching the MEDLINE database, and recent conference abstracts. CONTENT: Studies of multiple potential causes of fever are scarce, and for many participants the infecting organism remains unidentified, or multiple co-infecting microorganisms are identified, and establishing causation is challenging...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Aleix Elizalde-Torrent, Fernando Val, Ingrid Cardoso C Azevedo, Wuelton M Monteiro, Luiz C L Ferreira, Carmen Fernández-Becerra, Hernando A Del Portillo, Marcus V G Lacerda
BACKGROUND: Splenomegaly is one of the most common features of malaria. However, spontaneous splenic rupture, although unusual, represents a severe complication often leading to death. It is mostly seen in acute infection and primary attack, and it is most commonly associated with Plasmodium vivax. Here, a case of spontaneous splenic rupture diagnosed with a portable ultrasound apparatus shortly after starting treatment and with recurrent parasitaemia after splenectomy, is reported. CASE DESCRIPTION: In November 2015, a 45-year-old Brazilian man presented to the hospital in Manaus with fever, headache and myalgia...
February 13, 2018: Malaria Journal
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