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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104997/poverty-related-diseases-prds-unravelling-complexities-in-disease-responses-in-cameroon
#1
Valerie Makoge, Harro Maat, Lenneke Vaandrager, Maria Koelen
BACKGROUND: In Cameroon, poverty-related diseases (PRDs) are a major public health concern. Research and policies addressing PRDs are based on a particular understanding of the interaction between poverty and disease, usually an association between poverty indicators and health indicators for a specific country or region. Such indicators are useful but fail to explain the nature of the linkages between poverty and disease or poverty and health. This paper presents results of a study among university students, unravelling how they perceive diseases, the linkages with poverty, their responses to diseases and the motivations behind reported responses...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104695/infectious-disease-risk-and-international-tourism-demand
#2
Jaume Rosselló, Maria Santana-Gallego, Waqas Awan
CONTEXT:  For some countries, favourable climatic conditions for tourism are often associated with favourable conditions for infectious diseases, with the ensuing development constraints on the tourist sectors of impoverished countries where tourism's economic contribution has a high potential. This paper evaluates the economic implications of eradication of Malaria, Dengue, Yellow Fever and Ebola on the affected destination countries focusing on the tourist expenditures. METHODS:  A gravity model for international tourism flows is used to provide an estimation of the impact of each travel-related disease on international tourist arrivals...
January 18, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103915/effects-of-community-health-volunteers-on-infectious-diseases-of-children-under-five-in-volta-region-ghana-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Yeonji Ma, Heunghee Kim, Yinseo Cho, Jaeeun Lee, Joseph Kwami Degley, Abdul-Ghaffa Adam, Gyuhong Lee, Hoonsang Lee, Seungman Cha
BACKGROUND: In many low- and middle-income countries, community health volunteers (CHVs) are employed as a key element of the public health system in rural areas with poor accessibility. However, few studies have assessed the effectiveness of CHVs in improving child health in sub-Saharan Africa through randomized controlled trials. The present study aims to measure the impact of health promotion and case management implemented by CHVs on the health of under-5 children in Ghana. METHODS/DESIGN: This study presents the protocol of a cluster-randomized controlled trial assessing the impacts of CHVs, in which the community was used as the randomization unit...
January 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100439/considerations-for-an-access-centered-design-of-the-fever-thermometer-in-low-resource-settings-a-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Rikako Iwamoto, Ana Laura Rodrigues Santos, Niels Chavannes, Ria Reis, Jan Carel Diehl
BACKGROUND: The lack of adequate information about fever in low-resource settings, its unreliable self-assessment, and poor diagnostic practices may result in delayed care and under-or-overdiagnosis of diseases such as malaria. The mismatches of existing fever thermometers in the context of use imply that the diagnostic tools and connected services need to be studied further to address the challenges of fever-related illnesses and their diagnostics. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to inform a product-service system approach to design a reliable and accessible fever thermometer and connected services, as well as contribute to the identification of innovative opportunities to improve health care in low-resource settings...
January 18, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091389/trali-syndrome-during-the-treatment-of-a-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-case
#5
Hülya Çaşkurlu, Rahman Nurmuhammedov, Zarni Htway
Malaria, which is one of the three most important infectious diseases globally, is endemic in many areas of the world. Plasmodium falciparum is not endemic to Turkey but can be seen after travel to epidemic countries. Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) syndrome is a rare disease, which may develop following the transfusion of all types of blood products, including plasma. Here we describe a case of TRALI syndrome in a 29-year-old male, who presented with fever after 15 days of returning from a business trip to Burkina Faso...
December 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088326/acute-kidney-injury-due-to-tropical-infectious-diseases-and-animal-venoms-a-tale-of-2-continents
#6
REVIEW
Emmanuel A Burdmann, Vivekanand Jha
South and Southeast Asia and Latin American together comprise 46 countries and are home to approximately 40% of the world population. The sociopolitical and economic heterogeneity, tropical climate, and malady transitions characteristic of the region strongly influence disease behavior and health care delivery. Acute kidney injury epidemiology mirrors these inequalities. In addition to hospital-acquired acute kidney injury in tertiary care centers, these countries face a large preventable burden of community-acquired acute kidney injury secondary to tropical infectious diseases or animal venoms, affecting previously healthy young individuals...
January 11, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077149/plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-co-infection-with-tick-borne-relapsing-fever-in-dakar
#7
Mamadou A Diallo, Baidy S Kane, Mouhamadou Ndiaye, Mouhamed Dieng, Khadim Diongue, Aida S Badiane, Mame Cheikh Seck, Daouda Ndiaye
BACKGROUND: West African tick-borne relapsing fever (TBRF) due to Borrelia crocidurae and malaria are co-endemics in Senegal. Although expected to be high, co-infections are rarely reported. A case of falciparum malaria and B. crocidurae co-infection in a patient from Velingara (South of Senegal) is discussed. CASE: A 28 year-old-male patient presented to Aristide Le Dantec Hospital for recurrent fever. He initially presented to a local post health of Pikine (sub-urban of Dakar) and was diagnosed for malaria on the basis of positive malaria rapid diagnostic test (RDT) specific to Plamodium falciparum...
January 11, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056940/a-large-and-persistent-outbreak-of-typhoid-fever-caused-by-consuming-contaminated-water-and-street-vended-beverages-kampala-uganda-january-june-2015
#8
Steven Ndugwa Kabwama, Lilian Bulage, Fred Nsubuga, Gerald Pande, David Were Oguttu, Richardson Mafigiri, Christine Kihembo, Benon Kwesiga, Ben Masiira, Allen Eva Okullo, Henry Kajumbula, Joseph Matovu, Issa Makumbi, Milton Wetaka, Sam Kasozi, Simon Kyazze, Melissa Dahlke, Peter Hughes, Juliet Nsimire Sendagala, Monica Musenero, Immaculate Nabukenya, Vincent R Hill, Eric Mintz, Janell Routh, Gerardo Gómez, Amelia Bicknese, Bao-Ping Zhu
BACKGROUND: On 6 February 2015, Kampala city authorities alerted the Ugandan Ministry of Health of a "strange disease" that killed one person and sickened dozens. We conducted an epidemiologic investigation to identify the nature of the disease, mode of transmission, and risk factors to inform timely and effective control measures. METHODS: We defined a suspected case as onset of fever (≥37.5 °C) for more than 3 days with abdominal pain, headache, negative malaria test or failed anti-malaria treatment, and at least 2 of the following: diarrhea, nausea or vomiting, constipation, fatigue...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051216/malaria-outside-a-living-in-endemic-areas-diagnosis-and-measures-to-take
#9
Emna Siala, Dhikrayet Gamara, Karim Aoun, Aida Bouratbine
In spite of its elimination from Tunisia, malaria remains a public health concern due to the severity of the disease and risk of its reintroduction. The vulnerability of our country is related to the persistent anophelism and to the existence of a potential reservoir represented by imported cases. In the absence of a stay in an endemic area, the suspicion of malaria remains a rare event. However, in front of the possibility of other modes of contamination, this parasitosis must be evoked in any fever without obvious etiology...
June 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049485/the-dangers-of-accepting-a-single-diagnosis-case-report-of-concurrent-plasmodium-knowlesi-malaria-and-dengue-infection
#10
Soon Eu Chong, Rhendra Hardy Mohamad Zaini, Siti Suraiya, Kok Tong Lee, Jo Anne Lim
BACKGROUND: Dengue and malaria are two common, mosquito-borne infections, which may lead to mortality if not managed properly. Concurrent infections of dengue and malaria are rare due to the different habitats of its vectors and activities of different carrier mosquitoes. The first case reported was in 2005. Since then, several concurrent infections have been reported between the dengue virus (DENV) and the malaria protozoans, Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax. Symptoms of each infection may be masked by a simultaneous second infection, resulting in late treatment and severe complications...
January 3, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049481/expanding-access-to-parasite-based-malaria-diagnosis-through-retail-drug-shops-in-tanzania-evidence-from-a-randomized-trial-and-implications-for-treatment
#11
Kathleen Maloney, Abigail Ward, Bonnie Krenz, Nora Petty, Lindsay Bryson, Caitlin Dolkart, Theodoor Visser, Arnaud Le Menach, Valerie K Scott, Justin M Cohen, Esther Mtumbuka, Sigsbert Mkude
BACKGROUND: Tanzania has seen a reduction in the fraction of fevers caused by malaria, likely due in part to scale-up of control measures. While national guidelines require parasite-based diagnosis prior to treatment, it is estimated that more than half of suspected malaria treatment-seeking in Tanzania initiates in the private retail sector, where diagnosis by malaria rapid diagnostic test (RDT) or microscopy is illegal. This pilot study investigated whether the introduction of RDTs into Accredited Drug Dispensing Outlets (ADDOs) under realistic market conditions would improve case management practices...
January 3, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030537/molecular-virologic-and-clinical-characteristics-of-a-chikungunya-fever-outbreak-in-la-romana-dominican-republic-2014
#12
Rose M Langsjoen, Rebecca J Rubinstein, Tiffany F Kautz, Albert J Auguste, Jesse H Erasmus, Liddy Kiaty-Figueroa, Renessa Gerhardt, David Lin, Kumar L Hari, Ravi Jain, Nicolas Ruiz, Antonio E Muruato, Jael Silfa, Franklin Bido, Matthew Dacso, Scott C Weaver
Since emerging in Saint Martin in 2013, chikungunya virus (CHIKV), an alphavirus transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito, has infected approximately two million individuals in the Americas, with over 500,000 reported cases in the Dominican Republic (DR). CHIKV-infected patients typically present with a febrile syndrome including polyarthritis/polyarthralgia, and a macropapular rash, similar to those infected with dengue and Zika viruses, and malaria. Nevertheless, many Dominican cases are unconfirmed due to the unavailability and high cost of laboratory testing and the absence of specific treatment for CHIKV infection...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028142/identification-of-disease-transmitting-mosquitoes-development-of-species-specific-probes-for-dna-chip-assay-using-mitochondrial-coi-and-nd2-genes-and-ribosomal-internal-transcribed-spacer-2
#13
Xi Wang, Wu-Chun Tu, En-Jiong Huang, Yen-Hou Chen, Jia-Hua Chen, Wen-Bin Yeh
Mosquitoes, which transmit infectious diseases, such as malaria and dengue fever, are harmful to human health. Thus, accurate and rapid identification of vectors is a critical step for the control of mosquito-borne diseases. However, phenotypic variations in adults, lack of recognizable features of the immature, and fragility of mosquitoes make identification difficult. Molecular approaches have been widely applied to identify mosquitoes, yet these methods have been focused only on the identification of a few species...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027635/placental-weight-ratio-affects-placental-mrna-expression-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-i-and-long-isoform-of-the-leptin-receptor-in-plasmodium-falciparuminfected-pregnant-women
#14
Sukma Oktavianthi, Leily Trianty, Rintis Noviyanti, Hidayat Trimarsanto, Herawati Sudoyo, Safarina G Malik
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Plasmodium falciparum infection during pregnancy is characterised by placental inefficiency caused by infected erythrocyte sequestration. Reduced placental efficiency leads to placental intrauterine adaptation for sustaining fetal growth, which is reflected by changes in the expression of placental genes involved in intrauterine growth regulation. Therefore, we aimed to determine whether the placental weight ratio, an indicator of placental efficiency, affects the placental expression of the components of the insulin-like growth factor axis and leptin signalling pathway in P...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018688/nigerian-female-with-skin-lesions-in-the-leg-and-face-herpetic-sycosis-folliculitis
#15
Dominique Dilorenzo, Naganna Channaveeraiah, Patricia Gilford, Bruce Deschere
Nongenital HSV 1 presents outside the mucus membrane. Our patient had unusual presentation that caused diagnostic dilemma. 30-year-old native Nigerian female coming with fiancée to the United States presented to our service one day after arrival through ER with a lesion on her right ankle. She was diagnosed with cellulitis, started on antibiotics, and admitted to hospital. She had fever of 39.1°C. Head and neck exam showed multiple sized lesions over tongue and palate and inner aspect of lower lip. Abdomen and genital exam was normal...
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009103/experts-perceptions-on-china-s-capacity-to-manage-emerging-and-re-emerging-zoonotic-diseases-in-an-era-of-climate-change
#16
A Hansen, J Xiang, Q Liu, M X Tong, Y Sun, X Liu, K Chen, S Cameron, S Hanson-Easey, G-S Han, P Weinstein, C Williams, P Bi
Zoonotic diseases transmitted by arthropods and rodents are a major public health concern in China. However, interventions in recent decades have helped lower the incidence of several diseases despite the country's large, frequently mobile population and socio-economic challenges. Increasing globalization, rapid urbanization and a warming climate now add to the complexity of disease control and prevention and could challenge China's capacity to respond to threats of emerging and re-emerging zoonoses. To investigate this notion, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 30 infectious disease experts in four cities in China...
December 23, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006651/identification-of-dengue-type-2-virus-in-febrile-travellers-returning-from-burkina-faso-to-france-related-to-an-ongoing-outbreak-october-to-november-2016
#17
Carole Eldin, Philippe Gautret, Antoine Nougairede, Mélanie Sentis, Laetitia Ninove, Nadia Saidani, Matthieu Million, Philippe Brouqui, Remi Charrel, Philippe Parola
Dengue fever is rarely reported in travellers returning from Africa. We report two cases of dengue fever in travellers returning from Burkina Faso to France. One of them presented a severe dengue fever with ALT > 1,000 IU/L and pericarditis. Serotype 2 was identified. The cases reflect a large ongoing outbreak with over 1,000 reported cases between August and November in the capital city. Clinicians should consider dengue fever in malaria-negative febrile travellers returning from Africa.
December 15, 2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000636/a-review-of-the-health-problems-of-the-internally-displaced-persons-in-africa
#18
REVIEW
Eme T Owoaje, Obioma C Uchendu, Tumininu O Ajayi, Eniola O Cadmus
Globally, over 40 million people were displaced as a result of wars and violence due to religious and ethnic conflicts in 2015 while 19.2 million were displaced by natural disasters such as famine and floods. In Africa, 12 million people were displaced by armed conflict and violence and there were hundreds of thousands of people displaced by natural disasters. Despite these large numbers of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Sub-Saharan African countries and the potentially negative impact of displacement on the health of these populations, there is limited information on the health problems of IDPs in the region...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989728/mayaro-virus-a-forest-virus-primed-for-a-trip-to-the-city
#19
Ian M Mackay, Katherine E Arden
Mayaro virus (MAYV) is an emerging arthropod-borne virus (arbovirus). Infection by MAYV can produce Mayaro virus disease (MAYVD) which is usually a clinically diagnosed, acute, febrile illness associated with prolonged and painful joint inflammation and swelling. MAYVD may be clinically indistinguishable from dengue, chikungunya fever, malaria, rabies, measles or other arboviral diseases. The full spectrum of disease, sequelae, routes of infection, virus shedding and any rarer means of transmission remain undefined...
December 2016: Microbes and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989276/-beyond-test-and-treat-malaria-diagnosis-for-improved-pediatric-fever-management-in-sub-saharan-africa-by-emily-white-johansson
#20
S Patrick Kachur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Global Health Action
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