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Heat shock protein 70

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053856/propolis-supplementation-attenuates-the-negative-effects-of-oxidative-stress-induced-by-paraquat-injection-on-productive-performance-and-immune-function-in-turkey-poults
#1
Ahmed O Abass, Nancy N Kamel, Walaa H Khalifa, G F Gouda, M A F El-Manylawi, Gamal M K Mehaisen, Magdi M Mashaly
Paraquat (PQ) is used as a herbicide in agriculture and causes oxidative and inflammatory damage to animal tissues. The current study was conducted to investigate the positive effects of dietary propolis (PR), as a potent naturally produced antioxidant, on growth performance and immune function of turkey poults exposed to oxidative stress induced by PQ injection. Native male turkey poults (n = 120, 49-d-old) were randomly assigned into 4 groups: poults received a basal diet with a daily subcutaneous PQ injection of 5 mg/kg BW for 7 consecutive days (PQ group), an experimental diet containing 1 g/kg PR with a daily subcutaneous PQ injection for 7 days (PR+PQ group), or received the experimental PR diet with a daily subcutaneous injection of 0...
October 5, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053741/the-importance-of-propolis-in-alleviating-the-negative-physiological-effects-of-heat-stress-in-quail-chicks
#2
Gamal M K Mehaisen, Rania M Ibrahim, Adel A Desoky, Hosam M Safaa, Osama A El-Sayed, Ahmed O Abass
Heat stress is one of the most detrimental confrontations in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, causing considerable economic losses in poultry production. Propolis, a resinous product of worker honeybees, possesses several biological activities that could be used to alleviate the deleterious effects of high environmental temperature on poultry production. The current study was aimed at evaluating the effects of propolis supplementation to Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) diets on the production performance, intestinal histomorphology, relative physiological and immunological parameters, and selected gene expression under heat stress conditions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052324/effect-of-heat-stress-during-in-vitro-maturation-on-developmental-competence-of-vitrified-bovine-oocytes
#3
M Vendrell-Flotats, N Arcarons, E Barau, M López-Béjar, T Mogas
Heat-shock protein 70 (HSP70) plays a crucial role as intracellular cytoprotectant and molecular chaperone. A phenomenon of heat stress (HS) leads to production of these proteins that could be beneficial to cells during cryopreservation, which is also a stressful process for the cell. This study aimed to evaluate the protective effect of exposure of bovine oocytes to moderate HS during in vitro maturation (IVM) prior vitrification. First, oocytes were subjected to HS (41.5°C for 1 hr) at 0, 4, 8, 12 or 16 of IVM...
October 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051186/distinct-roles-of-intracellular-heat-shock-protein-70-hsp70-in-maintaining-gastrointestinal-homeostasis
#4
Yunwei Wang, Fanfei Lin, Xiaorong Zhu, Vanessa A Leone, Sushila R Dalal, Yun Tao, Jeannette S Messer, Eugene B Chang
The inducible heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) is both cytoprotective and immunomodulatory, potentially accounting for its critical role in maintaining gastrointestinal homeostasis. When levels are reduced in conditions like inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), loss of function contributes to the severity and chronicity of these diseases, although through which cell types and mechanisms remains unclear. Here, the role of Hsp70-mediated intestinal epithelial protection and immune regulation in experimental colitis was examined by using a villin-promoter driven Hsp70 transgene in the TNBS and DSS models and in IL10/Hsp70 double knockout (IL10(-/-)/Hsp70(-/-)) mice...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048850/-stable-isotope-labeling-and-parallel-reaction-monitoring-based-proteomic-quantification-for-biomarker-screening-and-validation-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#5
Sulan Wang, Huaping Gao, Jing Zhang, Xiang Ye
Liver cancer is the fifth most common cancer with extremely low five year survival rate. Early diagnosis is of great importance for cancer therapy. In this work, stable isotope labeling-based relative quantitative proteomics and parallel reaction monitoring-based target proteomics were combined for cancer biomarker screening and validation. By using this strategy, 70 significantly changed proteins in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues were obtained, among which seven proteins were further validated. The validated proteins contain the clinically used hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) biomarker alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and the reported biomarker candidates Heat shock protein HSP 90-beta (HSP90), fatty acid-binding protein, epidermal (FABP5) and alcohol dehydrogenase 4 (ADH4), which demonstrated the robustness of the strategy...
September 8, 2017: Se Pu, Chinese Journal of Chromatography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047228/organoiridium-photosensitizers-induce-specific-oxidative-attack-on-proteins-within-cancer-cells
#6
Pingyu Zhang, Cookson K C Chiu, Huaiyi Huang, Yuko P Y Lam, Abraha Habtemariam, Thomas Malcomson, Martin J Paterson, Guy J Clarkson, Peter B O'Connor, Hui Chao, Peter J Sadler
Strongly luminescent iridium(III) complexes, [Ir(C,N)2 (S,S)](+) (1) and [Ir(C,N)2 (O,O)] (2), containing C,N (phenylquinoline), O,O (diketonate), or S,S (dithione) chelating ligands, have been characterized by X-ray crystallography and DFT calculations. Their long phosphorescence lifetimes in living cancer cells give rise to high quantum yields for the generation of (1) O2 , with large 2-photon absorption cross-sections. 2 is nontoxic to cells, but potently cytotoxic to cancer cells upon brief irradiation with low doses of visible light, and potent at sub-micromolar doses towards 3D multicellular tumor spheroids with 2-photon red light...
October 19, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045028/biological-effects-of-er-yag-laser-irradiation-on-the-proliferation-of-primary-human-gingival-fibroblasts
#7
Sophannary Kong, Akira Aoki, Kengo Iwasaki, Koji Mizutani, Sayaka Katagiri, Tomonari Suda, Shizuko Ichinose, Mayumi Ogita, Verica Pavlic, Yuichi Izumi
We investigated the biological effects of Er:YAG laser (2,940-nm; DELight(®) , HOYA ConBio, USA) irradiation at fluences of 3.6, 4.2, 4.9, 6.3, 8.1, or 9.7 J cm(-2) at 20 or 30 Hz for 20 or 30 s on primary human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs). Irradiation at 6.3 J cm(-2) promoted maximal cell proliferation, determined by WST-8 assay and crystal violet staining, but was accompanied by lactate dehydrogenase release, on day 3 post-irradiation. Elevation of ATP level, Ki67 staining, and cyclin-A2 mRNA expression confirmed that Er:YAG affected the cell cycle and increased the number of proliferating cells...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043497/characterization-of-actinidia-virus-1-a-new-member-of-the-family-closteroviridae-encoding-a-thaumatin-like-protein
#8
A G Blouin, R Biccheri, M E Khalifa, M N Pearson, C Poggi Pollini, C Hamiaux, D Cohen, C Ratti
A new member of the family Closteroviridae was detected in Actinidia chinensis grown in Italy, using next generation sequencing of double-stranded RNA. The virus isolate, named Actinidia virus 1 (AcV-1) has a genome of 18,848 nts in length, a structure similar to the unclassified persimmon virus B (PeVB) and contains 12 open reading frames (ORFs) greater than 6 KDa, one carrying two papain-like leader proteases, a methyltransferase, a helicase and an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase domain. Additional ORFs code for homologs of heat shock protein 70, heat shock protein 90 and a coat protein...
October 17, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042086/effects-of-heat-and-cadmium-exposure-on-stress-related-responses-in-the-liver-of-female-zebrafish-heat-increases-cadmium-toxicity
#9
Sai-Nan Guo, Jia-Lang Zheng, Shuang-Shuang Yuan, Qing-Ling Zhu
In this study, female zebrafish (Danio rerio) were exposed to 26°C or 34°C, 0 or 197μg/L cadmium (Cd), singly or in combination for 7days. Multiple stress-related indicators were evaluated in the liver. Mortality, lipid peroxidation (LPO) and ultrastructural damage increased significantly by Cd exposure alone, and were not affected by heat alone. Interestingly, the combined exposure increased LPO, ultrastructural damage, and mortality compared with Cd exposure alone. The results indicated that elevated temperature increased Cd toxicity, which could be explained by several reasons...
October 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039553/proteomic-analysis-of-serum-deprivation-in-tongue-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#10
Junfeng Zhang, Wei Dong, Yufen Meng, Miao Jiang, Zhen Zhan
The occurrence of tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) is closely correlated with serum components; however, the detailed mechanism remains to be fully elucidated. Proteomic analysis contributed to the discovery of potential biomarkers and provided an insight into TSCC at a molecular level. The present study investigated the effect of serum deprivation on the Tca‑8113 TSCC cell line through protein profiling using two‑dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry, with the aim of improving TSCC diagnosis...
October 17, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037410/heat-adaptation-from-regular-hot-water-immersion-decreases-proinflammatory-responses-hsp70-expression-and-physical-heat-stress
#11
Fwu-Lin Yang, Chia-Chi Lee, Yi-Maun Subeq, Chung-Jen Lee, Chun-Yen Ke, Ru-Ping Lee
Hot-water immersion (HWI) is a type of thermal therapy for treating various diseases. In our study, the physiological responses to occasional and regular HWI have been explored. The rats were divided into a control group, occasional group (1D), and regular group (7D). The 1D and 7D groups received 42°C during 15mins HWI for 1 and 7 days, respectively. The blood samples were collected for proinflammatory cytokines examinations, the heart, liver and kidney were excised for subsequent IHC analysis to measure the level of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70)...
October 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037397/development-of-the-embryonic-heat-shock-response-and-the-impact-of-repeated-thermal-stress-in-early-stage-lake-whitefish-coregonus-clupeaformis-embryos
#12
Lindy M Whitehouse, Chance S McDougall, Daniel I Stefanovic, Douglas R Boreham, Christopher M Somers, Joanna Y Wilson, Richard G Manzon
Lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis) embryos were exposed to thermal stress (TS) at different developmental stages to determine when the heat shock response (HSR) can be initiated and if it is altered by exposure to repeated TS. First, embryos were subject to one of three different TS temperatures (6, 9, or 12°C above control) at 4 points in development (21, 38, 60 and 70 days post-fertilisation (dpf)) for 2h followed by a 2h recovery to understand the ontogeny of the HSR. A second experiment explored the effects of repeated TS on the HSR in embryos from 15 to 75 dpf...
October 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037390/effect-of-feeding-rumen-protected-capsule-containing-niacin-k2so4-vitamin-c-and-gamma-aminobutyric-acid-on-heat-stress-and-performance-of-dairy-cows
#13
W J Guo, L Zhen, J X Zhang, S Lian, H F Si, J R Guo, H M Yang
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of supplemental rumen-protected capsule (RPC) on animal performance, serological indicators, and serum heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) of lactating Holstein cows under heat stress (HS). During summer months, 30 healthy multiparous lactating Holstein cows with a parity number of 3.1 ± 0.44, 70 ± 15 d in milk, an average body weight of 622 ± 62kg, and an average milk yield of 32.28 ± 0.96kg/d, were used. The cows were randomly allocated to two groups: a control group and an RPC-supplemented group (0...
October 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037381/dietary-supplementation-of-enzymatically-treated-artemisia-annua-could-alleviate-the-intestinal-inflammatory-response-in-heat-stressed-broilers
#14
Zhihua Song, Kang Cheng, Lili Zhang, Tian Wang
The study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of enzymatically treated Artemisia annua (EA) on the intestinal inflammatory response of heat-stressed broilers. A total of 144 male Arbor Acres broilers aged 21 days were randomly divided into 3 groups with 6 replicates per group and 8 broilers in each replicate. The 3 treatment groups were as follows: the control group, in which broiler chickens were raised at 22 ± 1°C and fed basal diets, the heat stress (HS) and HS-EA groups, in which broiler chickens were raised at 34 ± 1°C for 8h (0900-1700h) and 22 ± 1°C for 16h, and fed basal diets supplemented with 0 or 1g/kg EA, respectively...
October 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037372/effects-of-in-vitro-heat-shock-on-immune-cells-in-diet-induced-obese-mice
#15
Eka Fujimoto, Atsuko Imai, Masanori Utsuyama, Kazuto Sato
Obesity has been associated with impaired immune responses and inflammation. The mechanisms underlying these immune disturbances in obesity are not yet clarified. This study investigated the effects of in vitro heat shock (HS) on immune cells from the point of view of thymocyte apoptosis and T-cell mitogen-stimulated splenocyte cytokine production as well as the heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) protein levels in diet-induced obese mice to explore a possible association between the disturbance of T cell immunity and HS response in obesity...
October 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034530/gene-expression-and-morphological-changes-in-the-intestinal-mucosa-associated-with-increased-permeability-induced-by-short-term-fasting-in-chickens
#16
S Gilani, G S Howarth, G Nattrass, S M Kitessa, R Barekatain, R E A Forder, C D Tran, R J Hughes
Short-term fasting for 4.5 and 9 hr has been demonstrated to increase intestinal permeability (IP) in chickens. This study aimed to investigate the effects of 0, 4.5, 9 and 19.5 hr fasting on intestinal gene expression and villus-crypt architecture of enterocytes in jejunal and ileal samples. On day 38, Ross-308 male birds were fasted according to their group and then euthanised. Two separate intestinal sections (each 2 cm long, jejunum and ileum) were collected. One section was utilised for villus height and crypt depth measurements...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034430/ultraviolet-filters-and-heat-shock-proteins-effects-in-chironomus-riparius-by-benzophenone-3-and-4-methylbenzylidene-camphor
#17
Raquel Martín-Folgar, Mónica Aquilino, Irene Ozáez, José-Luis Martínez-Guitarte
Benzophenone-3 (BP3) and 4-methylbenzylidene camphor (4MBC) are common ultraviolet filters (UV filters), compounds considered as emergent contaminants, used in different products like plastics and personal care products. The levels of these compounds are rising in the wild, but the effects they have on invertebrates are poorly understood. Chironomus riparius is a benthic insect widely used in toxicology, and several studies have been previously performed in our laboratory to determine the effects these compounds have on this organism at the molecular level...
October 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031050/paraquat-affects-mitochondrial-bioenergetics-dopamine-system-expression-and-locomotor-activity-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio
#18
Xiao H Wang, Christopher L Souders, Yuan H Zhao, Christopher J Martyniuk
The dipyridyl herbicide paraquat induces oxidative stress in cells and is implicated in adult neurodegenerative diseases. However, less is known about paraquat toxicity in early stages of vertebrate development. To address this gap, zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos were exposed to 1, 10 and 100 μM paraquat for 96 h. Paraquat did not induce significant mortality nor deformity in embryos and larvae, but it did accelerate time to hatch. To evaluate whether mitochondrial respiration was related to earlier hatch times, oxygen consumption rate was measured in whole embryos...
October 6, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028771/mechanisms-of-thrombocytopenia-during-septic-shock-a-multiplex-cluster-analysis-of-endogenous-sepsis-mediators
#19
Alexandre Bedet, Keyvan Razazi, Florence Boissier, Mathieu Surenaud, Sophie Hue, Stéphane Giraudier, Christian Brun-Buisson, Armand Mekontso Dessap
BACKGROUND: Thrombocytopenia is a common feature of sepsis and may involve various mechanisms often related to the inflammatory response. This study aimed at evaluating factors associated with thrombocytopenia during human septic shock. In particular, we used a multiplex analysis to assess the role of endogenous sepsis mediators. METHODS: Prospective, observational study. Thrombocytopenia was defined as an absolute platelet count <100 G/L or a 50% relative decrease in platelet count during the first week of septic shock...
October 12, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023986/evaluation-of-short-and-long-term-efficacy-of-chemoradiotherapy-for-advanced-cervical-cancer-using-hsp70-protein-combined-with-multimodal-mri
#20
Yun-Xiang Qi, Kun Liu, Jun Yin, Lu Li
This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of chemoradiotherapy for advanced cervical cancer using heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) combined with multimodal MRI. The protein expressions of HSP70 in biopsy specimens obtained from 101 patients with cervical cancer were detected by immunohistochemistry. Plain MRI scan, DWI, DCE-MR and MRS were performed before and after a period of six months of chemoradiotherapy. All patients were assigned into the complete response (CR) and partial response (PR) groups. HSP70 protein expression, tumor diameter and tumor volume were lower in the CR group than in the PR group...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
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