keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Vestibular disorders

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339331/differential-diagnosis-of-a-patient-referred-to-physical-therapy-for-dizziness-a-case-report
#1
Zachary Rethorn, Susan J Barlow, Emily Gavlick
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. BACKGROUND: Dizziness is a common and debilitating condition across the lifespan. Patients with this complaint must be carefully examined to determine the cause of dizziness, rule out the presence of central nervous system dysfunction, and determine the appropriateness of physical therapy intervention. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 90-year-old male was referred to physical therapy six months after the onset of dizziness. A thorough history was taken and examination was performed...
March 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302454/craniofacial-fibrous-dysplasia-a-10-case-series
#2
A Couturier, O Aumaître, L Gilain, B Jean, T Mom, M André
OBJECTIVES: Fibrous dysplasia of bone is a rare sporadic benign congenital condition in which normal cancellous bone is replaced by fibro-osseous tissue with immature osteogenesis. Sarcomatous transformation is exceptional. Lesions may involve one bone (monostotic) or several (polyostotic). Fibrous dysplasia may be associated with café-au-lait skin macules and endocrinopathy in McCune-Albright syndrome, or with myxoma in Mazabraud's syndrome. METHODS: We report ten cases of patients followed up for craniofacial fibrous dysplasia in our center between 2010 and 2015...
March 14, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293724/cognition-and-higher-vestibular-disorders-developing-tools-for-assessing-vection
#3
James Dowsett, Michaela McAssey, Marianne Dieterich, Paul C Taylor
Visually induced vection is the illusory sensation of self-motion caused by visual stimuli (such as a dot cloud) that emulate what is seen when an agent moves through space. The sufficient stimulus parameters to generate vection are unknown, but elucidating this is of interest in the study of higher (cognitive) neurological disorders where the relationship between visual and vestibular processing is disturbed. Here, we selectively eliminate that radial motion angle from vection displays and show that vection is still present, although weaker than during normal optic flow, and that vection strength was strikingly variable across individuals...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291459/clinical-and-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopic-imaging-findings-in-veterans-with-blast-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#4
Anthony P Kontos, Anne C Van Cott, Jodilyn Roberts, Jullie W Pan, Monique B Kelly, Jamie McAllister-Deitrick, Hoby P Hetherington
OBJECTIVES: To compare magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) findings from the hippocampal regions of military veterans with blast-related mild traumatic brain injury (blast mTBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to those with PTSD only; and to examine the relationship of MRSI findings to cognitive and neuromotor impairment. METHODS: 35 military veterans-23 with blast mTBI and PTSD (blast mTBI/PTSD) and 12 with PTSD only participated in the study...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285826/the-clinical-manifestations-of-vestibular-migraine-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Ashley P O'Connell Ferster, Adrian J Priesol, Huseyin Isildak
OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of vestibular migraines presentation, pathology, and diagnosis, as well as an update on current diagnostic criteria. METHODS: A review of the most recent literature on vestibular migraines was performed. RESULTS: Vestibular migraine is a process with significant impact on the quality of life for those afflicted with the disease, with attacks of spontaneous or positional vertigo and migraine symptoms lasting several minutes to 72h...
March 9, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284887/downbeat-nystagmus-due-to-ranitidine-in-a%C3%A2-pediatric-patient
#6
Laura Butragueño Laiseca, Blanca Toledo Del Castillo, Cristina Rodríguez Jimenez, Silvia Manrique-Rodríguez, Jimena Pérez Moreno
BACKGROUND: Ranitidine has not been considered as a potential cause of ocular movement conditions. However, it is known that the vestibular nucleus complex, that has a key role in gaze control and vestibule-ocular reflexes, receives hypothalamic histaminergic innervations. Some studies reported the effect of ranitidine blocking the excitatory responses of vestibular nuclei neurons to histamine. CASE REPORT: We report the first case of a downbeat nystagmus secondary to ranitidine in an infant...
February 11, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282709/analysis-of-saccular-function-with-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potential-test-in-meniere-s-disease
#7
Sasan Dabiri, Nasrin Yazdani, Mahdis Esfahani, Niloufar Tari, Susan Adil, Zahra Mahvi, Nima Rezazadeh
Meniere's disease is the disorder of inner ear characterized by vertigo, tinnitus and sensorineural hearing loss. The vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) test could be useful in the analysis of saccular function, and diagnosis of Meniere's disease. In this study, we've analyzed the saccular function, using VEMP test in different groups of Meniere's disease. Patients were categorized as possible, probable or definite Meniere's disease groups according to the guideline of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery...
February 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280987/vestibular-migraine-patients-are-more-anxious-than-migraine-patients-without-vestibular-symptoms
#8
Özge Kutay, Gülden Akdal, Pembe Keskinoğlu, Birgül Dönmez Balcı, Tunç Alkın
The link between vertigo and anxiety is well known. The aim of this study is to compare anxiety disorders in 3 groups: patients with vestibular migraine (VM), patients with migraine but without vertigo (MO) and healthy controls (HC).We performed cross-sectional analysis of following tests: (a) Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA); (b) State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-X1 and STAI-X2); (c) Beck Depression Inventory (BDI); (d) Panic-Agoraphobic Scale and (e) Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ). ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis and Chi-square tests were used for comparisons and least significant difference was used for further post-hoc analysis...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277209/importance-of-an-interprofessional-team-approach-in-achieving-improved-management-of-the-dizzy-patient
#9
Amanda I Rodriguez, Steven Zupancic, Michael M Song, Joehassin Cordero, Tam Q Nguyen, Charles Seifert
BACKGROUND: Because of its multifaceted nature, dizziness is difficult for clinicians to diagnose and manage independently. Current treatment trends suggest that patients are often referred to the otolaryngologist for intervention despite having a nonotologic disorder. Additionally, many individuals with atypical presentations are often misdiagnosed and spend a significant amount of time waiting for consultation by the otolaryngologist. Few studies have alluded that implementation of an interprofessional team approach in the diagnosis and management of the dizzy patient can improve clinical decision-making...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271409/the-effect-of-spaceflight-and-microgravity-on-the-human-brain
#10
Angelique Van Ombergen, Athena Demertzi, Elena Tomilovskaya, Ben Jeurissen, Jan Sijbers, Inessa B Kozlovskaya, Paul M Parizel, Paul H Van de Heyning, Stefan Sunaert, Steven Laureys, Floris L Wuyts
Microgravity, confinement, isolation, and immobilization are just some of the features astronauts have to cope with during space missions. Consequently, long-duration space travel can have detrimental effects on human physiology. Although research has focused on the cardiovascular and musculoskeletal system in particular, the exact impact of spaceflight on the human central nervous system remains to be determined. Previous studies have reported psychological problems, cephalic fluid shifts, neurovestibular problems, and cognitive alterations, but there is paucity in the knowledge of the underlying neural substrates...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262498/relapsing-polychondritis-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-diseases-and-its-risk-factors-and-general-disease-features-according-to-gender
#11
Pablo Arturo Olivo Pallo, Maurício Levy-Neto, Rosa Maria Rodrigues Pereira, Samuel Katsuyuki Shinjo
The comorbidities in relapsing polychondritis (RP) have been scarcely described in the literature. Moreover, apart from a few RP epidemiological studies, no studies specifically addressing RP distribution according to gender are available. Therefore, the objetives of the present study were: (a) to analyse the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and its risk factors in a series of patients with RP; (b) to determine the influence of gender on RP. A cross-sectional tertiary single center study evaluating 30 RP cases from 1990 to 2016 was carried out...
February 20, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261089/sex-and-age-differences-in-motion-sickness-in-rats-the-correlation-with-blood-hormone-responses-and-neuronal-activation-in-the-vestibular-and-autonomic-nuclei
#12
Wei Zhou, Junqin Wang, Leilei Pan, Ruirui Qi, Peng Liu, Jiluo Liu, Yiling Cai
Many studies have demonstrated sex and age differences in motion sickness, but the underlying physiological basis is still in controversy. In the present study, we tried to investigate the potential correlates of endocrine and/or neuronal activity with sex and age differences in rats with motion sickness. LiCl-induced nausea symptom was evaluated by conditioned gaping. Motion sickness was assessed by measurement of autonomic responses (i.e., conditioned gaping and defecation responses), motor impairments (i...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255446/benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-secondary-to-laparoscopic-surgery
#13
Xizheng Shan, Amy Wang, Entong Wang
OBJECTIVES: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is a common vestibular disorder and it may be idiopathic or secondary to some conditions such as surgery, but rare following laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: We report two cases of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo secondary to laparoscopic surgery, one after laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a 51-year-old man and another following laparoscopic hysterectomy in a 60-year-old woman. RESULTS: Both patients were treated successfully with manual or device-assisted canalith repositioning maneuvers, with no recurrence on the follow-up of 6 -18 months...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252587/-the-peculiar-features-of-the-psychosomatic-status-in-the-patients-presenting-with-the-spondylogenic-and-cochleovestibular-disorders
#14
S V Morozova, L E Shempeleva
The objective of the present study was to elucidate the peculiar features of the psychosomatic status in the patients with chronic vertebrogenic and cochleovestibular disorders The psychosomatic status was evaluated in 117 patients at the age from 21 to 65 years presenting with these conditions using the psychometric tests based on the STAI questionnaire (the state-trait anxiety inventory) adapted for the determination of the level of reactive and personal anxiety. It was shown that the vestibular disorders, tympanophonia, and hearing impairment have a negative influence on the psychogenic status of the patients suffering from cochleovestibulopathy...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252586/-the-peripheral-vestibular-disorders-encountered-in-the-routine-out-patient-practical-work
#15
M V Zamergrad, V A Parfenov, S V Morozova, O A Mel'nikov, L M Antonenko
The objective of the present study was to elucidate the frequency of causes underlying the development of dizziness and vertigo in the patients seeking advice and care at an outpatient healthcare facility. A total of 590 patients with complaints of dizziness and vertigo were examined. It was found out that the peripheral disorders of the vestibular analyzer were the most frequent causes of dizziness and vertigo in the majority of the examined patients. These conditions were documented to occur in more than 65% of the patients...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251319/short-term-effectiveness-of-vestibular-rehabilitation-in-elderly-patients-with-postural-instability-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Marcos Rossi-Izquierdo, Pilar Gayoso-Diz, Sofía Santos-Pérez, María Del-Río-Valeiras, Ana Faraldo-García, Isabel Vaamonde-Sánchez-Andrade, Antonio Lirola-Delgado, Andrés Soto-Varela
Balance becomes more precarious with age, and even without pathological disorders, the physiological decline in balance that occurs with age is a factor that also favors falls. So the aim of the present study is to assess the short-term effectiveness of three different methods of vestibular rehabilitation, compared to a control group, in improving balance in elderly patients with postural instability. 139 elderly patients with high risk of falls were included and randomized to one of the following study arms: computer dynamic posturography (CDP) training, optokinetic stimulus, exercises at home, or control group...
March 1, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248609/clinical-practice-guideline-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-update
#17
Neil Bhattacharyya, Samuel P Gubbels, Seth R Schwartz, Jonathan A Edlow, Hussam El-Kashlan, Terry Fife, Janene M Holmberg, Kathryn Mahoney, Deena B Hollingsworth, Richard Roberts, Michael D Seidman, Robert W Prasaad Steiner, Betty Tsai Do, Courtney C J Voelker, Richard W Waguespack, Maureen D Corrigan
Objective This update of a 2008 guideline from the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation provides evidence-based recommendations to benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), defined as a disorder of the inner ear characterized by repeated episodes of positional vertigo. Changes from the prior guideline include a consumer advocate added to the update group; new evidence from 2 clinical practice guidelines, 20 systematic reviews, and 27 randomized controlled trials; enhanced emphasis on patient education and shared decision making; a new algorithm to clarify action statement relationships; and new and expanded recommendations for the diagnosis and management of BPPV...
March 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238393/preliminary-evidence-of-improved-cognitive-performance-following-vestibular-rehabilitation-in-children-with-combined-adhd-cadhd-and-concurrent-vestibular-impairment
#18
Younes Lotfi, Nima Rezazadeh, Abdollah Moossavi, Hojjat Allah Haghgoo, Reza Rostami, Enayatollah Bakhshi, Faride Badfar, Sedigheh Farokhi Moghadam, Vahid Sadeghi-Firoozabadi, Yousef Khodabandelou
OBJECTIVE: Balance function has been reported to be worse in ADHD children than in their normal peers. The present study hypothesized that an improvement in balance could result in better cognitive performance in children with ADHD and concurrent vestibular impairment. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of comprehensive vestibular rehabilitation therapy on the cognitive performance of children with combined ADHD and concurrent vestibular impairment. METHODS: Subject were 54 children with combined ADHD...
February 18, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237912/vestibular-stimulation-improves-insight-into-illness-in-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#19
Philip Gerretsen, David D Pothier, Carolyn Falls, Maxine Armstrong, Thushanthi Balakumar, Hiroyuki Uchida, David C Mamo, Bruce G Pollock, Ariel Graff-Guerrero
Impaired insight into illness (IMP-INS) is common among individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD), contributing to medication nonadherence and poor clinical outcomes. Caloric vestibular simulation (CVS) is typically used to assess peripheral vestibular system function. Left cold CVS is also a transiently effective treatment for IMP-INS and hemineglect secondary to right brain hemisphere stroke, and possibly for IMP-INS and mood stabilization in patients with SSD. Participants with SSD and moderate-to-severe IMP-INS participated in an exploratory double blind, crossover, randomized controlled study of the effects of CVS on IMP-INS...
May 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236785/association-between-ambient-particulate-matter-and-disorders-of-vestibular-function
#20
Changwoo Han, Youn-Hee Lim, Kweon Jung, Yun-Chul Hong
BACKGROUND: Exposure to environmental chemicals has been suggested to alter the physiologic state of the inner and middle ear. However, it is unknown if particulate matter exposure is associated with acute vestibular dysfunction. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the effects of particulate matter exposure on the number of hospital visits related to three major diseases of vestibular dysfunction, Meniere's disease (MD), benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), and vestibular neuronitis (VN)...
May 2017: Environmental Research
keyword
keyword
33024
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"