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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097520/extremity-fractures-associated-with-atvs-and-dirt-bikes-a-10-year-national-epidemiologic-study
#1
D J Lombardo, T Jelsema, A Gambone, M Weisman, G Petersen-Fitts, J D Whaley, V J Sabesan
BACKGROUND: Morbidity and mortality of all-terrain vehicles and dirt bikes have been studied, as well as the association of helmet use and head injury. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare and contrast the patterns of extremity fractures associated with ATVs and dirt bikes. We believe there will be unique and potentially preventable injury patterns associated with dirt bikes and three-wheeled ATVs due to the poor stability of these vehicles...
January 17, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088011/particulates-and-noise-exposure-during-bicycle-bus-and-car-commuting-a-study-in-three-european-cities
#2
Enembe O Okokon, Tarja Yli-Tuomi, Anu W Turunen, Pekka Taimisto, Arto Pennanen, Ilias Vouitsis, Zissis Samaras, Marita Voogt, Menno Keuken, Timo Lanki
BACKGROUND: In order to curb traffic-related air pollution and its impact on the physical environment, contemporary city commuters are encouraged to shift from private car use to active or public transport modes. However, personal exposures to particulate matter (PM), black carbon and noise during commuting may be substantial. Therefore, studies comparing exposures during recommended modes of transport versus car trips are needed. METHODS: We measured personal exposure to various-sized particulates, soot, and noise during commuting by bicycle, bus and car in three European cities: Helsinki in Finland, Rotterdam in the Netherlands and Thessaloniki in Greece using portable monitoring devices...
January 11, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073304/the-impact-of-stress-on-odor-perception
#3
Matthias Hoenen, Oliver T Wolf, Bettina M Pause
The olfactory system and emotional systems are highly intervened and share common neuronal structures. The current study investigates whether emotional (e.g., anger and fear) and physiological (saliva cortisol) stress responses are associated with odor identification ability and hedonic odor judgments (intensity, pleasantness, and unpleasantness). Nineteen men participated in the modified Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) and a control session (cycling on a stationary bike). The physiological arousal was similar in both sessions...
January 1, 2017: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072631/terbutaline-accumulates-in-blood-and-urine-following-daily-therapeutic-inhalation
#4
Nanna Krogh, Sebastian Rzeppa, Anders Dyreborg, Yvette Dehnes, Peter Hemmersbach, Vibeke Backer, Morten Hostrup
PURPOSE: This study investigated pharmacokinetics of terbutaline after single and seven consecutive days of inhalation in exercising trained men. METHODS: Twelve healthy young trained men underwent two pharmacokinetic trials comparing single dose (2 mg) and seven consecutive days (2 mg×d) of inhaled terbutaline. After inhalation of terbutaline at each trial, subjects performed 90 min of bike ergometer exercise at 65% of maximal oxygen consumption after which they stayed inactive...
January 9, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069663/cybercycling-effects-on-classroom-behavior-in-children-with-behavioral-health-disorders-an-rct
#5
April Bowling, James Slavet, Daniel P Miller, Sebastien Haneuse, William Beardslee, Kirsten Davison
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Exercise is linked with improved cognition and behavior in children in clinical and experimental settings. This translational study examined if an aerobic cybercycling intervention integrated into physical education (PE) resulted in improvements in behavioral self-regulation and classroom functioning among children with mental health disabilities attending a therapeutic day school. METHODS: Using a 14-week crossover design, students (N = 103) were randomly assigned by classroom (k = 14) to receive the 7-week aerobic cybercycling PE curriculum during fall 2014 or spring 2015...
January 9, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064348/european-academy-of-paediatrics-statement-vision-zero-for-child-deaths-in-traffic-accidents
#6
Jonas F Ludvigsson, Tom Stiris, Stefano Del Torso, Jean-Christophe Mercier, Arunas Valiulis, Adamos Hadjipanayis
Road traffic accidents are the leading cause of death and disability in children throughout Europe. They remain the leading cause of death among children 5--19 years old in Europe. Children may be injured as pedestrians, bicyclists, motorcyclists or passengers in cars. The European Academy of Pediatrics (EAP) strives to prevent morbidity and death in children. We urge policy-makers to actively work for a "vision zero", where no child is killed in traffic. EAP suggests simple measures such as, secure transport for children between home and school, speed limits, road bumps, wearing bike helmets and seat belts, using child-restraints for small children and enforcement of legislation on road safety...
February 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042849/active-use-of-parks-in-flanders-belgium-an-exploratory-observational-study
#7
Linde Van Hecke, Jelle Van Cauwenberg, Peter Clarys, Delfien Van Dyck, Jenny Veitch, Benedicte Deforche
Parks have the potential to increase physical activity at the community level by providing opportunities to be active. In order to inform interventions to promote physical activity in parks, insight is needed concerning park user characteristics, the activity level of park users, the types of activities performed and associations between park areas and temporal variables with observed physical activity levels. Park user characteristics (sex, age, ethnicity and activity level) were recorded within pre-defined park areas in two parks in Ghent (Belgium) using the System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities (SOPARC)...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034012/physical-fitness-modulates-incidental-but-not-intentional-statistical-learning-of-simultaneous-auditory-sequences-during-concurrent-physical-exercise
#8
Tatsuya Daikoku, Yuji Takahashi, Hiroko Futagami, Nagayoshi Tarumoto, Hideki Yasuda
In real-world auditory environments, humans are exposed to overlapping auditory information such as those made by human voices and musical instruments even during routine physical activities such as walking and cycling. The present study investigated how concurrent physical exercise affects performance of incidental and intentional learning of overlapping auditory streams, and whether physical fitness modulates the performances of learning. Participants were grouped with 11 participants with lower and higher fitness each, based on their Vo2max value...
February 2017: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033138/consequences-of-underestimating-impalement-bicycle-handlebar-injuries-in-children
#9
Carmen T Ramos-Irizarry, Shakeva Swain, Samantha Troncoso-Munoz, Malvina Duncan
Impalement bicycle handlebar trauma injuries are rare; however, on initial assessment, they have the potential of being underestimated. We reviewed our prospective trauma database of 3,894 patients for all bicycle injuries from January 2010 to May 2015. Isolated pedal bike injuries were reported in 2.6% (N = 101) of the patients who were admitted to the trauma service. Fifteen patients suffered direct handlebar trauma. Patients were grouped into blunt trauma (n = 12) and impalement trauma (n = 3). We examined gender, age, injury severity score (ISS), Glasgow Coma Scale score, use of protective devices, need for surgical intervention, need for intensive care (ICU), and hospital length of stay...
January 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012121/triathlon-training-for-women-breast-cancer-survivors-feasibility-and-initial-efficacy
#10
Alexander V Ng, Alyson N Cybulski, Ashley A Engel, Paula E Papanek, Megan A Sheffer, Leslie J Waltke, Judy A Tjoe
: ᅟ: Exercise can improve quality of life (QOL) in breast cancer survivors. In contrast to many group or home-based exercise programs, little is known about the effectiveness of goal-oriented recreational activities. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a clinically overseen team triathlon training program on improving physiological and psychosocial health-related measures in female breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Twenty-three participants (age = 48 (8), BMI = 25 (1), mean (SE)) were recruited from a 14-week sprint triathlon (800-m swim, 20-km bike, 5-km run) team training program for women breast cancer survivors (4 (3) years post-surgery, chemo-, or radiation-therapy)...
December 24, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995048/proposal-for-optimal-placement-platform-of-bikes-using-queueing-networks
#11
Shinya Mizuno, Shogo Iwamoto, Mutsumi Seki, Naokazu Yamaki
In recent social experiments, rental motorbikes and rental bicycles have been arranged at nodes, and environments where users can ride these bikes have been improved. When people borrow bikes, they return them to nearby nodes. Some experiments have been conducted using the models of Hamachari of Yokohama, the Niigata Rental Cycle, and Bicing. However, from these experiments, the effectiveness of distributing bikes was unclear, and many models were discontinued midway. Thus, we need to consider whether these models are effectively designed to represent the distribution system...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988251/upper-extremity-deep-vein-thrombosis-in-a-triathlete-again-intense-endurance-exercise-as-a-thrombogenic-risk
#12
Ignacio Sancho-González, María Vicenta Bonilla-Hernández, David Ibañez-Muñoz, Davinia Vicente-Campos, José López Chicharro
Triathlon followers increase each year and long-distance events have seen major growth worldwide. In the cycling phase, athletes must maintain an aerodynamic posture on the bike for long periods of time. We report a case of a 38-year-old triathlete with symptoms of an axillary vein thrombosis 48h after a long triathlon competition. After 3days of hospitalization with a treatment consisted on enoxaparin anticoagulant and acenocumarol, the patient was discharged with instructions to continue treatment under home hospitalization with acetaminophen...
December 13, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986862/demographic-factors-workplace-factors-and-active-transportation-use-in-the-usa-a-secondary-analysis-of-2009-nhts-data
#13
Tyler D Quinn, John M Jakicic, Carl I Fertman, Bethany Barone Gibbs
BACKGROUND: While active transportation has health, economic and environmental benefits, participation within the USA is low. The purpose of this study is to examine relationships of demographic and workplace factors with health-enhancing active transportation and commuting. METHODS: Participants in the 2009 National Household Travel Survey reported demographics, workplace factors (time/distance to work, flextime availability, option to work from home and work start time) and active transportation (for any purpose) or commuting (to and from work, workers only) as walking or biking (≥10 min bouts only)...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982249/factors-associated-with-speech-language-disorders-in-motorcycle-accident-victims
#14
Maria Gabriella Pacheco da Silva, Vanessa de Lima Silva, Mirella Rodrigues Bezerra Vilela, Adriana de Oliveira Camargo Gomes, Ilka Veras Falcão, Ana Karina Pessoa da Silva Cabral, Maria Luiza Lopes Timóteo de Lima
Purpose: To investigate factors associated with speech-language disorders in victims of motorcycle accidents. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Victims of motorcycle accidents studied were treated at Hospital da Restauração between June and July 2014. The data were collected by consulting the records and direct interviews with these, at admission and after discharge. For analysis were raised single frequencies, average and chi-square test or Fisher's exact test...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940760/risk-factors-for-bicycling-injuries-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Tania E Embree, Nicole T R Romanow, Maya S Djerboua, Natalie J Morgunov, Jacqueline J Bourdeaux, Brent E Hagel
CONTEXT: Child and adolescent bicycling is beneficial, but injuries occur and can be severe and costly. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the individual and environmental factors associated with bicycling injury risk in children and adolescents. DATA SOURCES: Fourteen electronic databases were searched. STUDY SELECTION: Two authors independently assessed potentially relevant articles for eligibility. The inclusion criteria were as follows: bicyclists younger than 20 years old; examined individual and environmental characteristics of bicycling crashes; compared injured and uninjured bicyclists or bicyclists with different types or severity of injury; study designs with a predetermined comparison group; and published in English from January 1990 to May 2015...
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939970/quantifying-bicycle-network-connectivity
#16
Michael Lowry, Tracy Hadden Loh
The intent of this study was to compare bicycle network connectivity for different types of bicyclists and different neighborhoods. Connectivity was defined as the ability to reach important destinations, such as grocery stores, banks, and elementary schools, via pathways or roads with low vehicle volumes and low speed limits. The analysis was conducted for 28 neighborhoods in Seattle, Washington under existing conditions and for a proposed bicycle master plan, which when complete will provide over 700 new bicycle facilities, including protected bike lanes, neighborhood greenways, and multi-use trails...
December 7, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930488/bike-desks-in-the-office-physical-health-cognitive-function-work-engagement-and-work-performance
#17
Tine Torbeyns, Bas de Geus, Stephen Bailey, Kevin De Pauw, Lieselot Decroix, Jeroen Van Cutsem, Romain Meeusen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the longitudinal effect of implementing bike desks in an office setting on physical health, cognition, and work parameters. METHODS: Physical health, cognitive function, work engagement, and work performance measured before (T0) and after (T2) the intervention period were compared between office workers who used the bike desk (IG, n = 22) and those who did not (CG, n = 16). RESULTS: The IG cycled approximately 98 minutes/week...
December 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925109/analysis-of-factors-associated-with-traffic-accidents-of-cyclists-attended-in-brazilian-state-capitals
#18
Carlos Augusto Moreira de Sousa, Camila Alves Bahia, Patrícia Constantino
Introduction: Brazil has the sixth largest bicycles fleet in the world and bicycle is the most used individual transport vehicle in the country. Few studies address the issue of cyclists' accidents and factors that contribute to or prevent this event. Methodology: VIVA is a cross-sectional survey and is part of the Violence and Accidents Surveillance System, Brazilian Ministry of Health. We used complex sampling and subsequent data review through multivariate logistic regression and calculation of the respective odds ratios...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904756/ct-negative-mri-gre-positive-primary-motor-cortex-contusion-causing-isolated-foot-drop
#19
Alexander M Tucker, Tianyi Niu, Daniel T Nagasawa, Richard Everson, Shaina Sedighim, Manuel M Buitrago Blanco
BACKGROUND: Isolated acute foot drop due to traumatic brain injury is exceedingly rare and is often misdiagnosed during initial evaluation. Here, we present the case of a patient who presented with left foot drop after falling off a bicycle. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient is a 55-year-old male who was mountain biking when he fell, hit his head, and lost consciousness. Neurologic examination of the left leg revealed foot drop, no sensory deficits, and 3+ reflexes at the knee and ankle with clonus...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900147/complex-shoulder-girdle-injuries-following-mountain-bike-accidents-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#20
Matthew Alexander Lea, Navnit Makaram, Makaram S Srinivasan
BACKGROUND: Mountain and road bike accidents are particularly common with the increased popularity of the sport. We reviewed the attendances in our emergency department over a 4-year period looking at cycling injuries to detect the level and grade of these injuries and their outcomes. METHOD: Royal Blackburn Hospital caters for a population of 550 000. A search through the Hospital information system revealed 104 patients with fractures following mountain bike injuries...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
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