keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

shivering

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159490/-prewarming-according-to-the-awmf-s3-guidelines-on-preventing-inadvertant-perioperative-hypothermia-2014-retrospective-analysis-of-7786-patients
#1
R Grote, A J Wetz, A Bräuer, M Menzel
BACKGROUND: Inadvertent perioperative hypothermia, which is defined as a core body temperature of less than 36.0 °C, can have serious consequences in surgery patients. These include cardiac complications, increased blood loss, wound infections and postoperative shivering; therefore, the scientific evidence that inadvertent perioperative hypothermia should be avoided is undisputed and several national guidelines have been published summarizing the scientific evidence and recommending specific procedures...
November 20, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158852/curative-metatarsal-bone-surgery-combined-with-intralesional-administration-of-recombinant-human-epidermal-growth-factor-in-diabetic-neuropathic-ulceration-of-the-forefoot-a-prospective-open-uncontrolled-nonrandomized-observational-study
#2
Aristides L Garcia Herrera, Ridel de Jesús Febles Sanabria, Liliana de Los Ángeles Acosta Cabadilla, Miriam Moliner Cartaya
Background: Curative surgery is performed for a foot with ulcers and loss of protective sensation to heal the wound and prevent amputation. Evidence supports that patients with diabetes have decreased concentrations of growth factors in their tissues, notably epidermal growth factor (EGF). Injecting EGF deep into the bottom of the wound and its contours encourages a more effective response in terms of granulation tissue growth and wound closure. Objective: To assess the effectiveness and safety of curative metatarsal bone surgery combined with intralesional administration of human recombitant EGF in neuropathic diabetic forefoot ulceration...
2017: Current Therapeutic Research, Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154926/site-specific-effects-of-apolipoprotein-e-expression-on-diet-induced-obesity-and-white-adipose-tissue-metabolic-activation
#3
Aikaterini Hatziri, Christina Kalogeropoulou, Eva Xepapadaki, Eleni Birli, Eleni A Karavia, Eugenia Papakosta, Serafoula Filou, Caterina Constantinou, Kyriakos E Kypreos
Apolipoprotein E (APOE) has been strongly implicated in the development of diet induced obesity. In the present study, we investigated the contribution of brain and peripherally expressed human apolipoprotein E3 (APOE3), the most common human isoform, to diet induced obesity. In our studies APOE3 knock-in (Apoe3(knock-in)), Apoe-deficient (apoe(-/-)) and brain-specific expressing APOE3 (Apoe3(brain)) mice were fed western-type diet for 12week and biochemical analyses were performed. Moreover, AAV-mediated gene transfer of APOE3 to apoe(-/-) mice was employed, as a means to achieve APOE3 expression selectively in periphery, since peripherally expressed APOE does not cross barrier (BBB) or blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCSFB)...
November 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143709/acute-and-chronic-cold-exposure-differentially-affects-the-browning-of-porcine-white-adipose-tissue
#4
Y Gao, N R Qimuge, J Qin, R Cai, X Li, G Y Chu, W J Pang, G S Yang
Piglets are characteristically cold intolerant and thus susceptible to high mortality. However, browning of white adipose tissue (WAT) can induce non-shivering thermogenesis as a potential strategy to facilitate the animal's response to cold. Whether cold exposure can induce browning of subcutaneous WAT (sWAT) in piglets in a similar manner as it can in humans remains largely unknown. In this study, piglets were exposed to acute cold (4°C, 10 h) or chronic cold exposure (8°C, 15 days), and the genes and proteins of uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1)-dependent and independent thermogenesis, mitochondrial biogenesis, lipogenic and lipolytic processes were analysed...
November 16, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138228/low-protein-diet-induced-hyperphagia-and-adiposity-are-modulated-through-interactions-involving-thermoregulation-motor-activity-and-protein-quality-in-mice
#5
Anne Blais, Catherine Chaumontet, Dalila Azzout-Marniche, Julien Piedcoq, Gilles Fromentin, Claire Gaudichon, Daniel Tomé, Patrick C Even
Low-protein (LP) containing diets can induce overeating in rodents and possibly in humans in an effort to meet protein requirement but the consequences on energy expenditure (EE) are unclear. The present study evaluated the changes induced by reducing dietary protein from 20% to 6%, using either soy protein or casein, on energy intake, body composition and EE in mice housed at 22°C or at 30°C (thermal-neutrality). LP feeding increased energy intake and adiposity, more in soy fed than in casein fed mice, but also increased EE thus limiting fat accumulation...
November 14, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127294/preventing-shivering-with-adjuvant-low-dose-intrathecal-meperidine-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-with-trial-sequential-analysis
#6
Yu-Cih Lin, Chien-Yu Chen, Yuan-Mei Liao, Alan Hsi-Wen Liao, Pi-Chu Lin, Chuen-Chau Chang
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate the pros and cons of adjuvant low dose intrathecal meperidine for spinal anaesthesia. We searched electronic databases for randomized controlled trials using trial sequential analysis (TSA) to evaluate the incidence of reduced rescue analgesics, shivering, pruritus, nausea and vomiting when applying adjuvant intrathecal meperidine. Twenty-eight trials with 2216 patients were included. Adjuvant intrathecal meperidine, 0.05-0.5 mg kg(-1), significantly reduced incidence of shivering (relative risk, RR, 0...
November 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125079/-relapse-of-chronic-inflammatory-demyelinating-polyneuropathy-following-treatment-with-zoledronic-acid
#7
M Loef, E C T Geijteman, K J Beelen, M Bornebroek, D H Schweitzer
BACKGROUND: Zoledronic acid is a nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate that is frequently used in the treatment of osteoporosis. Many patients experience a so-called acute-phase reaction during initial treatment; this is characterized by flu-like symptoms and fever. CASE DESCRIPTION: We describe a 61-year-old woman who suffered from chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP), and who was started on intravenous zoledronic acid treatment as adjuvant therapy for breast cancer...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113711/the-lives-and-times-of-brown-adipokines
#8
REVIEW
Francesc Villarroya, Aleix Gavaldà-Navarro, Marion Peyrou, Joan Villarroya, Marta Giralt
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is responsible for adaptive non-shivering thermogenesis. Moreover, brown fat secretes regulatory factors, so-called brown adipokines, that have autocrine, paracrine, and endocrine actions. Brown adipokines are either polypeptides or nonpeptidic molecules including lipid molecules and microRNAs. The secretory properties of brown fat are essential for tissue remodeling adaptations to thermogenic necessities. The endocrine properties of brown adipokines are thought to contribute to the association between BAT activity and a healthy metabolic profile in relation to glucose and lipid homeostasis...
November 4, 2017: Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism: TEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112724/severe-influenza-is-characterized-by-prolonged-immune-activation-results-from-the-shivers-cohort-study
#9
Sook-San Wong, Christine M Oshansky, Xi-Zhi J Guo, Jacqui Ralston, Timothy Wood, Gary Reynolds, Ruth Seeds, Claire Newbern, Ben Waite, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Q Sue Huang, Richard J Webby, Paul G Thomas
Background: The immunologic factors underlying severe influenza are poorly understood. To address this, we compared the immune responses of influenza-confirmed hospitalized individuals with severe acute respiratory illness (SARI) to those of non-hospitalized individuals with influenza-like illness (ILI). Methods: Peripheral blood lymphocytes were collected from ILI (N=27) and SARI-patients (N=27) at time of enrollment and then two weeks later. Innate and adaptive cellular immune responses were assessed by flow-cytometry and serum cytokines were assessed by bead-based assay...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100478/self-reported-stress-among-adolescent-siblings-of-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-down-syndrome
#10
Carolyn M Shivers, Casey McGregor, Ashlea Hough
Despite the prevalence of studies showing increased stress among mothers of individuals with autism spectrum disorders, few studies have examined general stress among typically developing siblings. This study used an online survey to compare the levels of self-reported stress between adolescent siblings of individuals with autism spectrum disorder and Down syndrome. Sibling of individuals with autism reported significantly more overall stress than did siblings of individuals with Down syndrome, as well as more stress specifically attributed to the brother/sister with autism...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042439/a-genome-wide-screen-in-escherichia-coli-reveals-that-ubiquinone-is-a-key-antioxidant-for-metabolism-of-long-chain-fatty-acids
#11
Shashank Agrawal, Kanchan Jaswal, Anthony L Shiver, Himanshi Balecha, Tapas Patra, Rachna Chaba
Long chain fatty acids (LCFAs) are used as a rich source of metabolic energy by several bacteria including important pathogens. Since LCFAs also induce oxidative stress, which may be detrimental to bacterial growth, it is imperative to understand the strategies employed by bacteria to counteract such stresses. Here, we performed a genetic screen in Escherichia coli on the LCFA, oleate, and compared our results with published genome-wide screens of multiple non-fermentable carbon sources. This large-scale analysis revealed that amongst components of the aerobic electron transport chain (ETC), only genes involved in the biosynthesis of ubiquinone, an electron carrier in the ETC, are highly required for growth in LCFAs when compared to other carbon sources...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038971/the-implementation-of-targeted-temperature-management-an-evidence-based-guideline-from-the-neurocritical-care-society
#12
Lori Kennedy Madden, Michelle Hill, Teresa L May, Theresa Human, Mary McKenna Guanci, Judith Jacobi, Melissa V Moreda, Neeraj Badjatia
BACKGROUND: Targeted temperature management (TTM) is often used in neurocritical care to minimize secondary neurologic injury and improve outcomes. TTM encompasses therapeutic hypothermia, controlled normothermia, and treatment of fever. TTM is best supported by evidence from neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, although it has also been explored in ischemic stroke, traumatic brain injury, and intracranial hemorrhage patients. Critical care clinicians using TTM must select appropriate cooling techniques, provide a reasonable rate of cooling, manage shivering, and ensure adequate patient monitoring among other challenges...
October 16, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026172/mitochondrial-glycerol-3-phosphate-facilitates-bumblebee-pre-flight-thermogenesis
#13
Stewart W C Masson, Christopher P Hedges, Jules B L Devaux, Crystal S James, Anthony J R Hickey
Bumblebees (Bombus terrestris) fly at low ambient temperatures where other insects cannot, and to do so they must pre-warm their flight muscles. While some have proposed mechanisms, none fully explain how pre-flight thermogenesis occurs. Here, we present a novel hypothesis based on the less studied mitochondrial glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase pathway (mGPDH). Using calorimetry, and high resolution respirometry coupled with fluorimetry, we report substrate oxidation by mGPDH in permeabilised flight muscles operates, in vitro, at a high flux, even in the absence of ADP...
October 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017742/preoperative-anterior-thigh-temperature-does-not-correlate-with-perioperative-temporal-hypothermia-during-cesarean-delivery-with-spinal-anesthesia-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-control-trial
#14
B Cobb, G Abir, B Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Core-to-peripheral redistribution of heat, secondary to sympathetic-mediated vasodilation, is the major mechanism leading to early perioperative hypothermia after neuraxial anesthesia. The study aim was to determine if preoperative anterior thigh (peripheral lower extremity) temperature predicted perioperative temporal (core) temperature decrease during cesarean delivery with spinal anesthesia. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data derived from a prospective, randomized study of 46 healthy women undergoing scheduled cesarean delivery with spinal anesthesia was performed...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988821/cold-induced-thermogenesis-depends-on-atgl-mediated-lipolysis-in-cardiac-muscle-but-not-brown-adipose-tissue
#15
Renate Schreiber, Clemens Diwoky, Gabriele Schoiswohl, Ursula Feiler, Nuttaporn Wongsiriroj, Mahmoud Abdellatif, Dagmar Kolb, Joris Hoeks, Erin E Kershaw, Simon Sedej, Patrick Schrauwen, Guenter Haemmerle, Rudolf Zechner
Fatty acids (FAs) activate and fuel UCP1-mediated non-shivering thermogenesis (NST) in brown adipose tissue (BAT). Release of FAs from intracellular fat stores by adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) is considered a key step in NST. Accordingly, the severe cold intolerance of global ATGL knockout (AKO) mice has been attributed to defective BAT lipolysis. Here we show that this conclusion is incorrect. We demonstrate that although the BAT-specific loss of ATGL impairs BAT lipolysis and alters BAT morphology, it does not compromise the β3-adrenergic thermogenic response or cold-induced NST...
November 7, 2017: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988209/forced-air-warming-during-sedation-in-the-cardiac-catheterisation-laboratory-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Aaron Conway, Suzanna Ersotelos, Joanna Sutherland, Jed Duff
OBJECTIVE: Forced air warming (FAW) during general anaesthesia is a safe and effective intervention used to reduce hypothermia. The objective of this study was to determine if FAW reduces hypothermia when used for procedures performed with sedation in the cardiac catheterisation laboratory. METHODS: A parallel-group randomised controlled trial was conducted. Adults receiving sedation in a cardiac catheterisation laboratory at two sites were randomised to receive FAW or usual care, which involved passive warming with heated cotton blankets...
October 7, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980140/combined-intraoperative-paracetamol-and-preoperative-dexamethasone-reduces-postoperative-sore-throat-a-prospective-randomized-study
#17
Jiwon Lee, Hee-Pyoung Park, Mu-Hui Jeong, Hyun-Chang Kim
PURPOSE: Postoperative sore throat (POST) after general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation is a common and undesirable complication. In this study, we evaluated the combined effects of paracetamol and dexamethasone on the prevention of POST in patients after general anesthesia. METHODS: A total of 226 patients scheduled for urologic surgery under general anesthesia were randomly assigned to one of two groups. In the DexaPara group (n = 113), dexamethasone (10 mg) and paracetamol (1000 mg) was infused...
December 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979209/evolution-of-ucp1-transcriptional-regulatory-elements-across-the-mammalian-phylogeny
#18
Michael J Gaudry, Kevin L Campbell
Uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) permits non-shivering thermogenesis (NST) when highly expressed in brown adipose tissue (BAT) mitochondria. Exclusive to placental mammals, BAT has commonly been regarded to be advantageous for thermoregulation in hibernators, small-bodied species, and the neonates of larger species. While numerous regulatory control motifs associated with UCP1 transcription have been proposed for murid rodents, it remains unclear whether these are conserved across the eutherian mammal phylogeny and hence essential for UCP1 expression...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969013/low-dose-of-dexmedetomidine-as-an-adjuvant-to-bupivacaine-in-cesarean-surgery-provides-better-intraoperative-somato-visceral-sensory-block-characteristics-and-postoperative-analgesia
#19
Yong-Hong Bi, Xiao-Guang Cui, Rui-Qin Zhang, Chun-Yu Song, Yan-Zhuo Zhang
OBJECT: In this study, we aimed to investigate the beneficial effects of dexmedetomidine on somato-visceral sensory block characteristcs, postoperative analgesia and stress response of intrathecal bupivacaine administration in women undergoing cesarean section, and to find out which dose is better. METHODS: Sixty parturients with the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I or II were anesthetized with intrathecal bupivacaine(10mg) alone or in combination with dexmedetomidine (3 μg and 5 μg) to undergo cesarean section...
September 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945846/cold-induced-brown-adipose-tissue-activity-alters-plasma-fatty-acids-and-improves-glucose-metabolism-in-men
#20
K Alexander Iwen, Jenny Backhaus, Melanie Cassens, Maren Waltl, Oana C Hedesan, Martin Merkel, Joerg Heeren, Christian Sina, Leonie Rademacher, Anne Windjäger, Alexander R Haug, Florian W Kiefer, Hendrik Lehnert, Sebastian M Schmid
Context: Mounting evidence suggests beneficial effects of brown adipose tissue (BAT) activation on glucose and lipid metabolism in humans. It is unclear whether cold-induced BAT activation affects not only insulin sensitivity but also insulin secretion. Likewise, the role in clearing circulating fatty acids (FAs) has not been fully explored. Objective: Exploring the effects of cold-induced BAT activation on insulin sensitivity and secretion, as well as on plasma FA profiles...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
keyword
keyword
33019
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"