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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925289/seroepidemiology-of-human-parechovirus-types-1-3-and-6-in-yamagata-japan-in-2014
#1
Shizuka Tanaka, Yoko Aoki, Yohei Matoba, Kazue Yahagi, Tsutomu Itagaki, Yoko Matsuzaki, Katsumi Mizuta
To clarify the seroepidemiology of human parechovirus type 1 (HPeV1), 3 and 6, neutralizing antibodies (NT Abs) were measured in 214 serum specimens collected in 2014 in Yamagata, Japan. The seroprevalence against HPeV1 was 100% for all age groups, while that against HPeV3 and HPeV6 among all residents was 79.4% and 66.8%, respectively. The genometric mean titers of NT Abs against HPeV1, 3 and 6 among all residents were 755.2, 255.0 and 55.8, respectively. Our study indicated that HPeV1 is the most prevalent HPeV circulating in Yamagata, followed by HPeV3 and HPeV6...
December 7, 2016: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918068/temporal-trends-and-outcomes-associated-with-atrial-fibrillation-observed-during-acute-coronary-syndrome-real-world-data-from-the-acute-coronary-syndrome-israeli-survey-acsis-2000-2013
#2
Aharon Erez, Ilan Goldenberg, Avi Sabbag, Eyal Nof, Doron Zahger, Shaul Atar, Arthur Pollak, Idit Dobrecky-Merye, Roy Beigel, Shlomi Matetzky, Michael Glikson, Roy Beinart
BACKGROUND: The past decade has brought major advances in therapy of patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). HYPOTHESIS: The outcomes of ACS patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) has improved over the years. METHODS: We evaluated time-dependent changes in clinical characteristics, management strategies, and outcomes associated with AF observed during ACS hospitalization in patients enrolled in the biannual ACS Israeli Surveys (ACSIS) between 2000 and 2013...
December 5, 2016: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909642/seasonal-variations-and-trends-in-hospitalization-for-peptic-ulcer-disease-in-the-united-states-a-12-year-analysis-of-the-nationwide-inpatient-sample
#3
Ritesh Kanotra, Moiz Ahmed, Nileshkumar Patel, Badal Thakkar, Shantanu Solanki, Sarah Tareen, Matthew J Fasullo, Mayurathan Kesavan, Nikhil Nalluri, Ahsan Khan, Dhaval Pau, Liliane Deeb, Jeffrey Abergel, Ananya Das
BACKGROUND: Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is a major public health burden significantly impacting the cost of hospitalization in the United States (US). We examined the trends, characteristics, complications, cost, and seasonality of PUD-related hospitalizations from 2000 to 2011. METHODS: With the use of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2000 through 2011, we identified PUD-related hospitalizations using the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9), 9th Revision, and the Clinical Modification code 531...
October 30, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906016/high-prevalence-of-being-overweight-and-obese-hiv-infected-persons-before-and-after-24%C3%A2-months-on-early-art-in-the-anrs-12136-temprano-trial
#4
Calixte Guehi, Anani Badjé, Delphine Gabillard, Eric Ouattara, Serge Olivier Koulé, Raoul Moh, Didier Ekouevi, Hugues Ahibo, Jean Baptiste N'Takpé, Gérard Kouamé Menan, Nina Deschamps, Jerôme Lecarrou, Serge Eholié, Xavier Anglaret, Christine Danel
BACKGROUND: HIV is usually associated with weight loss. World health Organization (WHO) recommends early antiretroviral (ART) initiation, but data on the progression of body mass index (BMI) in participants initiating early ART in Africa are scarce. METHODS: The Temprano randomized trial was conducted in Abidjan to assess the effectiveness of early ART and Isoniazid (INH) prophylaxis for tuberculosis in HIV-infected persons with high CD4 counts below 800 cells/mm(3) without any indication for starting ART...
February 25, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905280/diagnosis-and-species-discrimination-of-positive-malaria-samples-by-real-time-polymerase-chain-reaction
#5
Esra Atalay Şahar, Muhammet Karakavuk, Hüseyin Can, Şebnem Nergiz, Kadri Gül, Aysu Değirmenci Döşkaya, Yüksel Gürüz, Mert Döşkaya
OBJECTIVE: Malaria is an important tropical disease that is detected in 198 million people and causes 367-755 thousand deaths annually. Recently, the real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) technique has enabled quick determination of Plasmodium spp. and species identification in the same assay with a low contamination risk. In the present study, we aimed to use real-time PCR targeting the 18S rRNA gene to diagnose Plasmodium spp. and perform species identification. METHODS: DNA samples of 15 patients with malaria (14 caused by P...
September 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899758/estimating-the-risks-of-adverse-radiation-effects-after-gamma-knife-radiosurgery-for-arteriovenous-malformations
#6
Hideyuki Kano, John C Flickinger, Daniel Tonetti, Alan Hsu, Huai-Che Yang, Thomas J Flannery, Ajay Niranjan, L Dade Lunsford
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We evaluated risk factors associated with the development of adverse radiation effects (ARE) after stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). METHODS: We evaluated 755 patients with AVM who underwent a single Gamma Knife SRS procedure with at least a 2-year minimum follow-up. Eighty-seven patients (12%) underwent previous resection and 128 (17%) had previous embolization. The median target volume was 3...
November 29, 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896255/recent-trends-in-contraceptive-use-among-korean-adolescents-results-from-a-nationwide-survey-from-year-2013-to-2015
#7
Soo Hyun Lim, Hae In Jang, Dong-Yun Lee, Byung-Koo Yoon, Doo-Seok Choi
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to evaluate the recent trends in contraceptive use among Korean adolescents. METHODS: Data reviewed were from the 2013-2015 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, which is a stratified, multistage-sampling designed online-based research project performed annually by the Korean government to ensure a nationally representative sample of Korean adolescence. Eight questions related to the topic of contraception were reviewed for the outcome variables...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885721/physicochemical-and-electronic-properties-of-cationic-6-helicenes-from-chemical-and-electrochemical-stabilities-to-far-red-polarized-luminescence
#8
Johann Bosson, Geraldine M Labrador, Simon Pascal, François-Alexandre Miannay, Oleksandr Yushchenko, Haidong Li, Laurent Bouffier, Neso Sojic, Roberto C Tovar, Gilles Muller, Denis Jacquemin, Adèle D Laurent, Boris Le Guennic, Eric Vauthey, Jérôme Lacour
The physicochemical properties of cationic dioxa (1), azaoxa (2), and diaza (3) [6]helicenes demonstrate a much higher chemical stability of the diaza adduct 3 (pKR+ =20.4, Ered1/2 =-0.72 V) compared to its azaoxa 2 (pKR+ =15.2, Ered1/2 =-0.45 V) and dioxa 1 (pKR+ =8.8, Ered1/2 =-0.12 V) analogues. The fluorescence of these cationic chromophores is established, and ranges from the orange to the far-red regions. From 1 to 3, a bathochromic shift of the lowest energy transitions (up to 614 nm in acetonitrile) and an enhancement of the fluorescence quantum yields and lifetimes (up to 31 % and 9...
November 25, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874194/slow-gait-speed-and-risk-of-long-term-nursing-home-residence-in-older-women-adjusting-for-competing-risk-of-mortality-results-from-the-study-of-osteoporotic-fractures
#9
Jennifer G Lyons, Kristine E Ensrud, John T Schousboe, Charles E McCulloch, Brent C Taylor, Timothy C Heeren, Sherri O Stuver, Lisa Fredman
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether slow gait speed increases the risk of costly long-term nursing home residence when accounting for death as a competing risk remains unknown. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study using proportional hazards models to predict long-term nursing home residence and subdistribution models with death as a competing risk. SETTING: Community-based prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Older women (mean age 76...
November 22, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868243/simulation-of-laser-tattoo-pigment-interaction-in-a-tissue-mimicking-phantom-using-q-switched-and-long-pulsed-lasers
#10
K J Ahn, B J Kim, S B Cho
BACKGROUND: Laser therapy is the treatment of choice in tattoo removal. However, the precise mechanisms of laser-tattoo pigment interactions remain to be evaluated. METHODS: We evaluated the geometric patterns of laser-tattoo pigment particle interactions using a tattoo pigment-embedded tissue-mimicking (TM) phantom. RESULTS: A Q-switched (QS) neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser was used at settings of 532-, 660-, and 1064-nm wavelengths, single-pulse and quick pulse-to-pulse treatment modes, and spot sizes of 4 and 7 mm...
November 20, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866159/pairing-animal-cartoon-characters-with-produce-stimulates-selection-among-child-zoo-visitors
#11
Allison Karpyn, Michael Allen, Samantha Marks, Nicole Filion, Debora Humphrey, Ai Ye, Henry May, Meryl P Gardner
In order to address the pervasive trend of underconsumption of fruits and vegetables among children, we examined the hypothesis that children would be more likely to select fruits (apple slices, bananas, and oranges) and vegetables (baby carrots) when paired with animal cartoon image than when available without the character image. Tested in a randomized experiment using counterbalancing, products were arranged on two tables at two separate family fun nights held at a local zoo. Animal character produce parings were manipulated by placing one of two animals (tamarin or iguana) next to two of the four fruit or vegetable selections at each table, and by changing when available without the image...
November 18, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861473/-direct-cost-of-primary-care-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-adults-by-grd-in-third-level-of-care
#12
Rodolfo Barragán-Hervella, Álvaro Montiel-Jarquín, Iván Limón-Serrano, Víctor Escobedo-Sosa, Jorge Loría-Castellanos
OBJECTIVE: To describe the direct cost of primary health care for patients with mild traumatic head injury in a third level medical facility. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study in 219 patients with mild traumatic brain injury (GRD 090 S06.0 ICD-10 including uncomplicated concussion without complication and increased comorbidity). LOCATION: A medical unit of tertiary care in the State of Puebla, Mexico. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: Direct costs were taken from ACDO...
November 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860539/epitope-specific-antitumor-immunity-suppresses-tumor-spread-in-papillary-thyroid-cancer
#13
Margret Ehlers, Anne Kuebart, Hubertus Hautzel, Juergen Enczmann, Anna-Carinna Reis, Matthias Haase, Stephanie Allelein, Till Dringenberg, Christine Schmid, Matthias Schott
CONTEXT: Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is characterized by a lymphocytic infiltration. PTC patients with lymphocytic infiltration may have a better clinical outcome. OBJECTIVE: Characterization of tumor epitope-specific immunity and correlation analyses with the clinical outcome. PATIENTS: 150 PTC patients; 40 Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) patients; 21 healthy controls; 27.239 healthy Caucasians (for HLA typing). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: HLA class I restricted thyroperoxidase (TPO) and thyroglobulin (Tg) epitope-specific T cells (tetramer analyses), correlation analyses between HLA class II phenotypes, T cell immunity, and the clinical course...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859854/the-impact-of-cross-breeding-egyptian-and-italian-buffalo-on-reproductive-and-productive-performance-under-a-subtropical-environment
#14
Maf Nasr
The aim of this study was to investigate the reproductive and productive performance of pure Egyptian (PE) buffaloes and their crosses with Italian buffaloes. In this study, 2969 dairy buffaloes were used (1599 PE; 615 F1 crosses, 50% PE and 50% Italian buffaloes; and 755 backcross [BC], 75% PE and 25% Italian buffaloes). When compared to PE, the BC and F1 had a significantly lower incidence of calving difficulty (odds ratio [OR] = 0.18, p < .0001 and .34, p < .0001, respectively) in conjunction with a lesser incidence of stillbirth (OR = 0...
November 14, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858976/survival-rates-of-biological-therapies-for-psoriasis-treatment-in-real-world-clinical-practice-a-canadian-multicentre-retrospective-study
#15
Joseph Ec Marinas, Whan B Kim, Ali Shahbaz, Judy K Qiang, Simon Greaves, Jensen Yeung
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Data on biologic drug survival in real-world psoriasis treatment are limited. There is a need to evaluate long-term trends of biologic use outside the realm of clinical trials. METHODS: A multicentre chart review was conducted with patients' data from September 2005 to September 2014. Kaplan-Meier plot analysis was used to determine 5-year drug survival rates. A log-rank test was used to compare the rates of drug survival between the studied biologics...
November 12, 2016: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856806/comparative-effectiveness-of-fourth-line-anti-hypertensive-agents-in-resistant-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Sarah-Jo Sinnott, Laurie A Tomlinson, Adrian A Root, Rohini Mathur, Kathryn E Mansfield, Liam Smeeth, Ian J Douglas
AIM: We assessed the effectiveness of fourth-line mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists in comparison with other fourth-line anti-hypertensive agents in resistant hypertension. METHODS AND RESULTS: We systematically searched Medline, EMBASE and the Cochrane library from database inception until January 2016. We included randomised and non-randomised studies that compared mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists with other fourth-line anti-hypertensive agents in patients with resistant hypertension...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856633/effects-of-vitamin-d-receptor-activation-and-dietary-sodium-restriction-on-residual-albuminuria-in-ckd-the-virtue-ckd-trial
#17
Charlotte A Keyzer, G Fenna van Breda, Marc G Vervloet, Maarten A de Jong, Gozewijn D Laverman, Marc H Hemmelder, Wilbert M T Janssen, Hiddo J Lambers Heerspink, Arjan J Kwakernaak, Stephan J L Bakker, Gerjan Navis, Martin H de Borst
Reduction of residual albuminuria during single-agent renin-angiotensin-aldosterone blockade is accompanied by improved cardiorenal outcomes in CKD. We studied the individual and combined effects of the vitamin D receptor activator paricalcitol (PARI) and dietary sodium restriction on residual albuminuria in CKD. In a multicenter, randomized, placebo (PLAC)-controlled, crossover trial, 45 patients with nondiabetic CKD stages 1-3 and albuminuria >300 mg/24 h despite ramipril at 10 mg/d and BP<140/90 mmHg were treated for four 8-week periods with PARI (2 μg/d) or PLAC, each combined with a low-sodium (LS) or regular sodium (RS) diet...
November 17, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850393/755-blood-pressure-trends-in-pediatric-stroke-patients
#18
Keiko Tarquinio, Daniel Tarquinio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843825/drug-adherence-rate-and-loss-to-follow-up-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-attending-an-art-centre-in-a-tertiary-government-hospital-in-western-india
#19
Kedar G Mehta, Rajendra Baxi, Sangita Patel, Mahendra Parmar
INTRODUCTION: National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) has expanded the reach of anti retroviral therapy (ART) to combat the epidemic of HIV/AIDS in India which has one of the largest populations of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in the world. One of the major challenges related to ART is a lifelong commitment by patients to adhere diligently to daily medication dosing schedules and scheduled visits to the ART center. Hence, the current study is carried out to assess the drug adherence rate and loss to follow-up (LFU) among PLWHA attending ART centre of a tertiary care hospital in Western India...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842638/tonsillectomy-rates-in-the-south-african-private-healthcare-sector
#20
P Douglas-Jones, J J Fagan
BACKGROUND: Adeno-/tonsillectomy is a commonly performed procedure with internationally standardised and recognised indications. Despite this, there exists considerable international (190 - 850/100 000 people ≤19 years of age) and regional variation in rates. This cannot be accounted for by differences in clinical need or regional morbidity. OBJECTIVES: To describe the adeno-/tonsillectomy rate in the South African (SA) private healthcare sector and regional variations thereof...
November 2, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
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