keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

755

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733868/impact-of-age-on-the-risk-of-advanced-colorectal-neoplasia-in-a-young-population-an-analysis-using-the-predicted-probability-model
#1
Yoon Suk Jung, Chan Hyuk Park, Nam Hee Kim, Mi Yeon Lee, Dong Il Park
BACKGROUND: The incidence of colorectal cancer is decreasing in adults aged ≥50 years and increasing in those aged <50 years. AIMS: We aimed to establish risk stratification model for advanced colorectal neoplasia (ACRN) in persons aged <50 years. METHODS: We reviewed the records of participants who had undergone a colonoscopy as part of a health examination at two large medical examination centers in Korea. By using logistic regression analysis, we developed predicted probability models for ACRN in a population aged 30-49 years...
July 21, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733376/detection-of-osteomyelitis-in-the-diabetic-foot-by-imaging-techniques-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-comparing-mri-white-blood-cell-scintigraphy-and-fdg-pet
#2
REVIEW
Chiara Lauri, Menno Tamminga, Andor W J M Glaudemans, Luis Eduardo Juárez Orozco, Paola A Erba, Paul C Jutte, Benjamin A Lipsky, Maarten J IJzerman, Alberto Signore, Riemer H J A Slart
OBJECTIVE: Diagnosing bone infection in the diabetic foot is challenging and often requires several diagnostic procedures, including advanced imaging. We compared the diagnostic performances of MRI, radiolabeled white blood cell (WBC) scintigraphy (either with (99m)Tc-hexamethylpropyleneamineoxime [HMPAO] or (111)In-oxine), and [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography ((18)F-FDG-PET)/computed tomography. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We searched Medline and Embase as of August 2016 for studies of diagnostic tests on patients known or suspected to have diabetes and a foot infection...
August 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733072/early-myocardial-edema-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-is-stable-and-not-bimodal-in-humans-evidence-from-a-large-cmr-multicenter-study
#3
Thomas Stiermaier, Holger Thiele, Ingo Eitel
BACKGROUND: Experimental data reported a temporal pattern of myocardial edema following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the time course of myocardial edema in a large population of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: Myocardium at risk (MAR), infarct size (IS) and myocardial salvage index (MSI) were compared according to the time between infarction and cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging in a large multicenter STEMI cohort (n=795)...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731397/anaplastic-meningioma-an-analysis-of-the-national-cancer-database-from-2004-to-2012
#4
Andrew Orton, Jonathan Frandsen, Randy Jensen, Dennis C Shrieve, Gita Suneja
OBJECTIVE Anaplastic meningiomas represent 1%-2% of meningioma diagnoses and portend a poor prognosis. Limited information is available on practice patterns and optimal management. The purpose of this study was to define treatment patterns and outcomes by treatment modality using a large national cancer registry. METHODS The National Cancer Database was used to identify patients diagnosed with anaplastic meningioma from 2004 to 2012. Log-rank statistics were used to compare survival outcomes by extent of resection, use of adjuvant radiotherapy (RT), and use of adjuvant chemotherapy...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723745/evaluation-of-the-predictive-value-of-red-blood-cell-distribution-width-for-onset-of-cerebral-infarction-in-the-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#5
Chang-Xing Shen, Min Tan, Xiao-Lian Song, Shuan-Shuan Xie, Guo-Liang Zhang, Chang-Hui Wang
Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is a risk factor for the complications caused by obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). This study was aimed to evaluate the predictive value of RDW for the occurrence of cerebral infarction in patients with OSAHS.We conducted a prospective study of 129 consecutive patients who were admitted to the Sleep Laboratory of in the Tenth People's Hospital of Shanghai (China) with complaints of snoring, apnea, or daytime sleepiness. All patients underwent polysomnography between June 2011 and May 2012...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723266/age-of-initiation-psychopathology-and-other-substance-use-are-associated-with-time-to-use-disorder-diagnosis-in-persons-using-opioids-nonmedically
#6
Ty S Schepis, Jahn K Hakes
BACKGROUND: Nonmedical use of prescription opioids (NMUPO) is an ongoing public health challenge, as NMUPO is associated with psychopathology, other drug use and fatal overdose. These concomitant risks are greatest in those with opioid use disorder (OUD), but the development of NMUPO-related use disorder is poorly understood. The primary aim of this study was to establish factors associated with the development of and time to OUD among persons engaged in NMUPO. METHODS: Data were from Wave 1 of the National Epidemiologic Study on Alcohol and Related Conditions, with 1,755 participants endorsing lifetime NMUPO...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720614/effect-of-occupational-safety-and-health-education-received-during-schooling-on-the-incidence-of-workplace-injuries-in-the-first-2-years-of-occupational-life-a-prospective-study
#7
Stephanie Boini, Regis Colin, Michel Grzebyk
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the effect of occupational safety and health (OSH) education during formal schooling on the incidence of workplace injuries (WIs) in young people starting their careers. We hypothesised that young people who had received OSH education during their schooling would have fewer WIs than those who received no OSH education. Secondary objectives focused on the effect of 'first aid at work' training during schooling and the conditions encountered on arrival in the company (occupational hazard information, safety training and job task training) on WI occurrence...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720070/for-r2-submission-to-environmental-technology-as-a-original-research-paper-anammox-biomass-carrying-efficiency-of-polyethylene-non-woven-sheets-as-a-carrier-material
#8
Sunja Cho, Min Ki Jung, Dong Jin Ju, Young-Hee Lee, Kuk Cho, Satoshi Okabe
To access the effects of the surface modification and fabric structure of polyethylene (PE) non-woven fabric sheets on retaining the attachment efficiency of anammox biomass, three different kinds of non-woven sheets were prepared and inserted in an anammox reactor. The hydrophobic surface modification with 10% KMnO4 and gelatin did not improve the attachment efficiency of the anammox biomass on the surface of the PE non-woven fibers. Densely-packed PE-755 having the highest specific surface area to volume ratio (SA/V) (755) retained 221...
July 18, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718658/the-effect-of-nurse-to-patient-ratios-on-nurse-sensitive-patient-outcomes-in-acute-specialist-units-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Andrea Driscoll, Maria J Grant, Diane Carroll, Sally Dalton, Christi Deaton, Ian Jones, Daniela Lehwaldt, Gabrielle McKee, Theresa Munyombwe, Felicity Astin
BACKGROUND: Nurses are pivotal in the provision of high quality care in acute hospitals. However, the optimal dosing of the number of nurses caring for patients remains elusive. In light of this, an updated review of the evidence on the effect of nurse staffing levels on patient outcomes is required. AIM: To undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis examining the association between nurse staffing levels and nurse-sensitive patient outcomes in acute specialist units...
July 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718232/effect-of-preoperative-intravenous-steroids-on-seroma-formation-after-modified-radical-mastectomy
#10
Maryam Alam Khan
BACKGROUND: With the steep increase in breast cancer incidence globally and regionally, there has been a trend toward reducing patient morbidity by meticulous surgical techniques to obviate complications like seroma formation; use to pre-operative steroids seems to be convenient, cost effective and shows promising results in trials. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted at Surgical Department of Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar, from January 2012 to April 2014 on 65 patients randomly allocated to Group A and Group B using lottery method...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718081/blastocyst-utilization-rates-after-continuous-culture-in-two-commercial-single-step-media-a-prospective-randomized-study-with-sibling-oocytes
#11
Ioannis A Sfontouris, Efstratios M Kolibianakis, George T Lainas, Christos A Venetis, George K Petsas, Basil C Tarlatzis, Tryfon G Lainas
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to determine whether blastocyst utilization rates are different after continuous culture in two different commercial single-step media. METHODS: This is a paired randomized controlled trial with sibling oocytes conducted in infertility patients, aged ≤40 years with ≥10 oocytes retrieved assigned to blastocyst culture and transfer. Retrieved oocytes were randomly allocated to continuous culture in either Sage one-step medium (Origio) or Continuous Single Culture (CSC) medium (Irvine Scientific) without medium renewal up to day 5 post oocyte retrieval...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717233/effect-of-ldl-cholesterol-statins-and-presence-of-mutations-on-the-prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-in-heterozygous-familial-hypercholesterolemia
#12
Elisenda Climent, Sofía Pérez-Calahorra, Victoria Marco-Benedí, Nuria Plana, Rosa Sánchez, Emilio Ros, Juan F Ascaso, Jose Puzo, Fátima Almagro, Carlos Lahoz, Fernando Civeira, Juan Pedro-Botet
Patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HeFH) have been reported to be less vulnerable to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), although the mechanism is unknown. The aims of the present study were to assess the effects of low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentration and the presence of FH-causing mutations on T2DM prevalence in HeFH. Data were collected from the Dyslipidemia Registry of the Spanish Arteriosclerosis Society. Inclusion criteria were definite or probable HeFH in patients aged ≥18 years...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715812/free-fatty-acid-is-associated-with-thrombogenicity-in-cardioembolic-stroke
#13
Woo-Keun Seo, Jin-Man Jung, Ji Hyun Kim, Seong-Beom Koh, Oh Young Bang, Kyungmi Oh
BACKGROUND: Recently, the role of free fatty acids (FFAs) in thromboembolism has re-emerged in the context of cardioembolic stroke. Therefore, we attempted to determine the role of FFAs in embolic risk in various potential sources of cardioembolism (PSCE). We hypothesized that if elevated FFA levels in stroke patients are associated with thrombogenesis, then patients with a well-known high risk of embolic sources would have high FFA levels. METHODS: Data collected from 2 hospital-based stroke registries were analyzed to investigate the association between FFA and PSCE...
July 18, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713611/vascular-foramina-of-navicular-bone-a-morphometric-study
#14
Vani Prathapamchandra, Praveena Ravichandran, Jayanthi Shanmugasundaram, Anbalagan Jayaraman, Rajasekar Sivaprakasam Salem
The navicular bone is supplied by more than one artery. The knowledge about the vascular foramina is important to understand the pathogenesis and management of navicular fractures. The objective of the present study is to analyze the morphology and morphometry of vascular foramina of dried human navicular bone in Indian population. The study was carried out by using 100 navicular bones (50 right and 50 left) collected from our institute and other medical institutes in and around Puducherry. The bones were macroscopically studied for vascular foramina with respect to its location, number, size, and shape...
June 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712703/role-of-semi-quantitative-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mr-imaging-in-characterization-and-grading-of-prostate-cancer
#15
See Hyung Kim, Mi Sun Choi, Mi Jung Kim, Young Hwan Kim, Seung Hyun Cho
OBJECTIVE: The study retrospectively assessed the diagnostic value of semi-quantitative dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in characterization and grading of prostate cancer, with correlation to histopathological analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 161 consecutive patients with prostate cancer underwent DCE MRI. 430 lesions, including 200 cancers with Gleason grade (GG) of 6 (n=25), 7 (n=112) and 8 or higher (n=63); 80 benign hyperplasia; and 150 healthy tissues were assessed using a histology-MRI correlation...
July 6, 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708728/differentiating-primary-central-nervous-system-lymphomas-from-glioblastomas-and-inflammatory-demyelinating-pseudotumor-using-relative-minimum-apparent-diffusion-coefficients
#16
Jian-Bo Wen, Wei-Yuan Huang, Wei-Xing-Zi Xu, Gang Wu, Dao-Ying Geng, Bo Yin
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of diffusion-weighted imaging, the relative minimum apparent diffusion coefficient (rADCmin) in differentiating primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSLs) from glioblastomas (GBMs) and inflammatory demyelinating pseudotumors (IDPs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Magnetic resonance images were reviewed retrospectively in 82 patients including 39 PCNSLs, 35 GBMs, and 8 IDPs. Regions of interest were drawn around the tumor on contrast-enhanced axial images; these images were transferred onto coregistered ADC maps to obtain the ADCmin, and the normalized ADCmin ratios (rADCmin) were calculated using the formula rADCmin = ADCmin of the lesion / ADCmin of the normal white matter...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705514/bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-bcg-vaccination-patterns-in-the-province-of-qu%C3%A3-bec-canada-1956-1974
#17
Marie-Claude Rousseau, Florence Conus, Khady Kâ, Mariam El-Zein, Marie-Élise Parent, Dick Menzies
BACKGROUND: In the province of Québec, Canada, the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine was offered to newborns and school-age children from the 1950s to mid-1970s in an organized tuberculosis prevention program. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe the annual rates of skin test administration, proportion of skin tests that were positive, and rates of BCG vaccination from 1956 to 1974 according to age, sex, and administrative region. METHODS: For rates, numerators were extracted from the Québec BCG Vaccination Registry whereas population denominators were obtained from the Canadian Census and governmental publications...
July 10, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699245/effects-of-intranasally-dosed-posaconazole-on-fungal-load-and-biomarkers-in-aspergillus-fumigatus-infected-immunocompromised-mice
#18
Genki Kimura, Takahiro Nakaoki, Yuki Nishimoto, Yuto Suzuki, Garth Rapeport, Pete Strong, Kazuhiro Ito, Yasuo Kizawa
Although anti-fungal triazoles are dosed orally or systemically for Aspergillus fumigatus infection, systemic adverse events and limited exposure of the lung cavity would make a topical treatment for the lung an attractive option. In this study, we examined the effects of intranasally dosed posaconazole on survival rates and biomarkers in A. fumigatus (itraconazole susceptible: ATCC13073 [Af]; or resistant: NCPF7100 [AfR]) infected, temporarily neutropenic A/J mice. Once daily treatment produced a dose-dependent improvement of survival of Af-infected mice (ED50 : 0...
July 11, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698008/prognostic-significance-of-tumor-associated-macrophages-in-ovarian-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Xia Yuan, Jing Zhang, Dan Li, Ye Mao, Fei Mo, Wei Du, Xuelei Ma
OBJECTIVE: The role of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) in tumor microenvironment remains controversial due to the two different polarized subsets of TAMs. Here, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the correlation between subpopulations of TAMs and clinical outcomes in patients with ovarian cancer. METHODS: A comprehensive search in PUBMED/Medline and EMBASE databases was performed. The association between TAMs and patient prognosis of ovarian cancer was estimated with hazard ratios (HRs) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) using a random-effect model...
July 8, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697830/-value-of-serum-mir-17-92-cluster-in-diagnosis-of-retinoblastoma
#20
Yan-Zhao Chen, Zhi-Ping Liu, Ke-Ying Zhou, Bo Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of serum miR-17-92 cluster in the diagnosis of retinoblastoma (RB). METHODS: Serum samples were collected from 20 children with RB and 20 healthy controls. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the expression of miR-17-92 cluster. The expression of miR-17-92 cluster was compared between children with different stages of RB and the changes in the expression of miR-17-92 cluster after multimodality therapy were analyzed...
July 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
33015
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"