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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548954/a-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-of-aire-gene-located-in-the-21q22-3-increases-the-risk-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#1
Yuan-Sheng Xu, Xi-Jia Jiang, Jian-Min Chen
Several studies addressed the association of autoimmune regulator (AIRE) gene polymorphism with the risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA); however, their conclusions were inconsistent. For better investigating the effects of this polymorphism on the risk of RA, we conducted this study to evaluate the role of AIRE rs2075786 polymorphism in the risk of RA. Four eligible studies involving 6,755 cases and 7,970 controls were identified by searching the databases of PubMed, CNKI and EMBASE up to February 2017. Our study revealed that AIRE rs2075786 polymorphism was associated with an increased risk of RA under all genetic models...
May 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541963/correlation-of-structural-and-functional-outcome-measures-in-a-phase-one-trial-of-ciliary-neurotrophic-factor-in-type-2-idiopathic-macular-telangiectasia
#2
Ferenc B Sallo, Irene Leung, Traci E Clemons, Tunde Peto, Emily Y Chew, Daniel Pauleikhoff, Alan C Bird
PURPOSE: Macular telangiectasia Type 2 is a bilateral, progressive, potentially blinding retinal disease characterized by both vascular and neurodegenerative signs. Both the area of the break in the ellipsoid zone seen in "en face" optical coherence tomographic (OCT) images and microperimetric focal retinal sensitivity loss have been proposed as potential measures of progression in macular telangiectasia. The authors aimed to assess the characteristics and interrelationship of these structural and functional disease markers from the data collected in a phase one clinical trial of ciliary neurotrophic factor in macular telangiectasia...
May 23, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529420/long-pulsed-nd-yag-laser-and-intense-pulse-light-755-nm-for-idiopathic-facial-hirsutism-a-comparative-study
#3
Arpit Shrimal, Souvik Sardar, Soumyajit Roychoudhury, Somenath Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Hirsutism means excessive terminal hair growth in a female in male pattern distribution. Perception of hirsutism is subjective. Permanent laser hair reduction is a slow process taking many sessions and tracking of improvement parameters is tedious. Hence, a lot of confusion still exists regarding the type of laser most beneficial for treatment. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness and safety profile of long-pulsed Nd: YAG laser (1064 nm) and intense pulse light (IPL)-755 nm in management of idiopathic facial hirsutism...
January 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524030/-preventive-effect-of-vitamin-b-supplementation-on-recurrent-stroke-a-meta-analysis
#4
Guining Dai, Hongzhen Du, Hongmin Wang, Yujia Wei, Ying Xie, Zengning Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether Vitamin B supplementation could prevent ischemic stroke recurrence. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) observing Vitamin B supplementation in patients with stroke was performed in databases including ScienceDirect, PubMed/Medline, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Data-Base, Wanfang Database, and VIP Chinese Science and Technology Journal Database to find related studies in English or Chinese published before August 2016...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523363/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-laparoscopic-mesh-versus-suture-repair-of-hiatus-hernia-objective-and-subjective-outcomes
#5
Chao Zhang, Diangang Liu, Fei Li, David I Watson, Xiang Gao, Jan H Koetje, Tao Luo, Chao Yan, Xing Du, Zhonggao Wang
BACKGROUND: Hiatus hernia (HH) contributes to the pathophysiology of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Mesh-augmentation of surgical repair might be associated with a reduced risk of recurrence and GERD. However, recurrence rates, mesh-associated complications and quality of life (QOL) after mesh versus suture repair are debated. The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine HH recurrence following mesh-augmentation versus suture repair. Secondary aims were to compare complications, mortality, QOL and GERD symptoms following different repair techniques...
May 18, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515213/rapid-identification-of-five-classes-of-carbapenem-resistance-genes-directly-from-rectal-swabs-using-the-xpert%C3%A2-carba-r-assay
#6
Nicholas M Moore, Rafael Cantón, Edoardo Carretto, Lance R Peterson, Robert L Sautter, Maria M Traczewski
Carbapenemase-producing organisms (CPO) have been identified by global health leaders as an urgent threat. Detection of patients with gastrointestinal carriage of CPO is necessary to interrupt their spread within healthcare facilities. In this multi-site study, we assessed the performance of the Xpert® Carba-R test, a rapid real-time PCR (qPCR) assay that detects five families of carbapenemase genes (blaIMP, blaKPC, blaNDM, blaOXA-48, and blaVIM) directly from rectal swab specimens. Using dual swabs, specimens from 755 patients were collected and tested prospectively...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512662/a-hospital-wide-transition-from-paper-to-digital-problem-oriented-clinical-notes-a-descriptive-history-and-cross-sectional-survey-of-use-usability-and-satisfaction
#7
Felix H J M Cillessen, Pieter F de Vries Robbé, Marion C J Biermans
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use, usability, and physician satisfaction of a locally developed problem-oriented clinical notes application that replaced paper-based records in a large Dutch university medical center. METHODS: Using a clinical notes database and an application event log file and a cross-sectional survey of usability, authors retrospectively analyzed system usage for medical specialties, users, and patients over 4 years. A standardized questionnaire measured usability...
May 17, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508538/prognostic-value-of-predialysis-indices-for-technique-failure-and-mortality-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#8
Masaru Matsui, Yasuhiro Akai, Ken-Ichi Samejima, Hideo Tsushima, Kaori Tanabe, Katsuhiko Morimoto, Miho Tagawa, Yoshihiko Saito
Technique failure remains a frequent cause of peritoneal dialysis (PD) withdrawal. Many post-commencement predictors of PD technique failure have been identified, while predialysis predictors have remained unclear. The aim of this study was to identify predialysis indices for technique failure in PD patients. We recruited 206 consecutive PD patients who were treated at Nara Medical University Hospital between 1 April 1997 and 31 December 2012. Forty-eight patients were excluded because of transition from hemodialysis (HD) or withdrawal from PD within 3 months, leaving 158 patients for analysis...
May 15, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506784/healthcare-personnelintestinal-colonization-with-multidrug-resistant-organisms
#9
Brooke K Decker, Anna F Lau, John P Dekker, Christine D Spalding, Ninet Sinaii, Sean Conlan, David K Henderson, Julia A Segre, Karen M Frank, Tara N Palmore
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the association between patient contact and intestinal carriageof multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) by sampling healthcare personnel (HCP) and staff without patient contact. METHODS: For this observational study, we recruited400HCPwho worked in our 200-bed research hospitaland 400 subjectswithout patient contact between November 2013 and February 2015.Participants submitted two self-collected perirectal swabsand a questionnaire...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501704/genetic-variation-in-slc7a2-interacts-with-calcium-and-magnesium-intakes-in-modulating-the-risk-of-colorectal-polyps
#10
Pin Sun, Xiangzhu Zhu, Martha J Shrubsole, Reid M Ness, Elizabeth A Hibler, Qiuyin Cai, Jirong Long, Zhi Chen, Guoliang Li, Lifang Hou, Walter E Smalley, Todd L Edwards, Edward Giovannucci, Wei Zheng, Qi Dai
Solute carrier family 7, member 2 (SLC7A2) gene encodes a protein called cationic amino acid transporter 2, which mediates the transport of arginine, lysine and ornithine. l-Arginine is necessary for cancer development and progression, including an important role in colorectal cancer pathogenesis. Furthermore, previous studies found that both calcium and magnesium inhibit the transport of arginine. Thus, calcium, magnesium or calcium:magnesium intake ratio may interact with polymorphisms in the SLC7A2 gene in association with colorectal cancer...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500216/metformin-lifestyle-intervention-and-cognition-in-the-diabetes-prevention-program-outcomes-study
#11
José A Luchsinger, Yong Ma, Costas A Christophi, Hermes Florez, Sherita H Golden, Helen Hazuda, Jill Crandall, Elizabeth Venditti, Karol Watson, Susan Jeffries, Jennifer J Manly, F Xavier Pi-Sunyer
OBJECTIVE: We examined the association of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) intervention arms (lifestyle intervention, metformin, and placebo) with cognition in the DPP Outcomes Study (DPPOS). We also examined metformin use, incident type 2 diabetes, and glycemia as exposures. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The DPP lasted 2.8 years, followed by a 13-month bridge to DPPOS. Cognition was assessed in DPPOS years 8 and 10 (12 and 14 years after randomization) with the Spanish English Verbal Learning Test (SEVLT), letter fluency and animal fluency tests, Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST), and a composite cognitive score...
May 12, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499617/community-based-outcomes-of-open-versus-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#12
Annika Herlemann, Janet E Cowan, Peter R Carroll, Matthew R Cooperberg
BACKGROUND: Identifying the optimal surgical approach for patients with localized prostate cancer (PCa) managed in the community setting remains controversial due to the lack of robust, prospective data. OBJECTIVE: To assess surgical outcomes and changes in urinary and sexual quality of life (QOL) over time in patients undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Our study included patients enrolled in Cancer of the Prostate Strategic Urologic Research Endeavor (CaPSURE), a large, prospective, mostly community-based, nationwide PCa registry, who underwent RP between 2004 and 2016...
May 9, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498810/the-prognostic-value-of-glut1-in-cancers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Min Yu, Han Yongzhi, Shengying Chen, Xiaodan Luo, Ye Lin, Yu Zhou, Haosheng Jin, Baohua Hou, Yanying Deng, Lei Tu, Zhixiang Jian
Increased glycolysis is one of the hallmarks of cancer. The abnormal expression of glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) was reported to be associated with resistance to current therapy and poor prognosis. Numerous studies have investigated the correlation between GLUT1 expression and prognosis in cancers, but the conclusions are still controversial. Here, we conducted a meta-analysis to explore the association between GLUT1 and survival in human cancers. PubMed, Springer, Medline, and Cochrane Library were searched carefully to identify eligible studies evaluating prognostic value of GLUT1 in cancers...
April 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497435/genetic-dimension-of-intervertebral-disc-degeneration-polymorphism-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-1-and-3-in-the-north-iranian-population
#14
Alia Saberi, Zivar Salehi, Bahram Naderinabi, Sahar Hojaat Ansari, Sohail Mashayekhi
AIM: Exploring the relationship between two polymorphisms (MMP-1-755 T/G [rs498186] and MMP-3 A/C [rs632478]) and disc degeneration. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a case-control study on 130 cases with intervertebral disc degeneration confirmed by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and 210 healthy individuals. Schneiderman criterion was used to determine the severity of the disc degeneration. Blood samples were collected from the participants. The genotyping was performed by polymerase chain reaction - restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method...
April 4, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496020/predictors-of-long-term-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-heart-failure
#15
Mengchao Jin, Siqi Wei, Rongrong Gao, Kai Wang, Xuejuan Xu, Wenming Yao, Haifeng Zhang, Yanli Zhou, Dongjie Xu, Fang Zhou, Xinli Li
To investigate parameters which were related with long-term mortality in patients hospitalized for acute heart failure (AHF).A total of 287 patients with AHF presenting to the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were enrolled into the registry from April 2012 to January 2015. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality within 1 year; the association between variables and prognosis was assessed after 1 year.Among the 287 patients, 17 did not continue follow-up and 47 (17.4%) passed away...
May 12, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495242/the-association-between-the-hospital-consumer-assessment-of-healthcare-providers-and-systems-hcahps-survey-and-real-world-clinical-outcomes-in-lumbar-spine-surgery
#16
Jay M Levin, Robert D Winkelman, Gabriel A Smith, Joseph Tanenbaum, Edward C Benzel, Thomas E Mroz, Michael P Steinmetz
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The patient experience of care as measured by the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey is currently used to determine hospital reimbursement. The current literature inconsistently demonstrates an association between patient satisfaction and surgical outcomes. PURPOSE: To determine whether patient satisfaction with hospital experience is associated with better clinical outcomes in lumbar spine surgery...
May 8, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494128/alcohol-consumption-cigarette-smoking-and-incidence-of-aortic-valve-stenosis
#17
S C Larsson, A Wolk, M Bäck
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking are modifiable lifestyle factors with important impact on public health. It is unclear whether these factors influence the risk of aortic valve stenosis (AVS). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations of alcohol consumption and smoking, including smoking intensity and time since cessation, with AVS incidence in two prospective cohorts. METHODS: This analysis was based on data from the Swedish Mammography Cohort and the Cohort of Swedish Men, comprising 69 365 adults without cardiovascular disease at baseline...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494073/associations-of-luminal-and-basal-subtyping-of-prostate-cancer-with-prognosis-and-response-to-androgen-deprivation-therapy
#18
Shuang G Zhao, S Laura Chang, Nicholas Erho, Menggang Yu, Jonathan Lehrer, Mohammed Alshalalfa, Corey Speers, Matthew R Cooperberg, Won Kim, Charles J Ryan, Robert B Den, Stephen J Freedland, Edwin Posadas, Howard Sandler, Eric A Klein, Peter Black, Roland Seiler, Scott A Tomlins, Arul M Chinnaiyan, Robert B Jenkins, Elai Davicioni, Ashley E Ross, Edward M Schaeffer, Paul L Nguyen, Peter R Carroll, R Jeffrey Karnes, Daniel E Spratt, Felix Y Feng
Importance: There is a clear need for a molecular subtyping approach in prostate cancer to identify clinically distinct subgroups that benefit from specific therapies. Objectives: To identify prostate cancer subtypes based on luminal and basal lineage and to determine associations with clinical outcomes and response to treatment. Design, Setting, and Participants: The PAM50 classifier was used to subtype 1567 retrospectively collected (median follow-up, 10 years) and 2215 prospectively collected prostate cancer samples into luminal- and basal-like subtypes...
May 11, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492861/vena-cava-filter-use-in-trauma-and-rates-of-pulmonary-embolism-2003-2015
#19
Alan D Cook, Brian W Gross, Turner M Osler, Katelyn J Rittenhouse, Eric H Bradburn, Steven R Shackford, Frederick B Rogers
Importance: Vena cava filter (VCF) placement for pulmonary embolism (PE) prophylaxis in trauma is controversial. Limited research exists detailing trends in VCF use and occurrence of PE over time. Objective: To analyze state and nationwide temporal trends in VCF placement and PE occurrence from 2003 to 2015 using available data sets. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective trauma cohort study was conducted using data from the Pennsylvania Trauma Outcome Study (PTOS) (461 974 patients from 2003 to 2015), the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) (5 755 095 patients from 2003 to 2014), and the National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample (NIS) (24 449 476 patients from 2003 to 2013) databases...
May 10, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491448/multimodal-non-surgical-treatment-of-a-feline-tracheal-adenocarcinoma
#20
Carolina Azevedo, William Brawner, Stephanie Schleis Lindley, Annette Smith
CASE SUMMARY: A 10-year-old, castrated male domestic shorthair cat presented with a 2-3 month history of weight loss, lethargy and coughing. Thoracic radiographs revealed a soft tissue opacity overlying the dorsal trachea from the first rib to second rib and the ventral aspect of the trachea extending from the second rib to approximately the fourth rib. CT confirmed a mass involving the dorsal, right lateral and ventral aspects of the trachea narrowing the lumen and extending from vertebra C7 through T4...
January 2017: JFMS Open Rep
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