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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087086/headache-in-young-patients-clinical-characteristics-of-a-series-of-651-cases
#1
M I Pedraza Hueso, M Ruíz Piñero, E Martínez Velasco, A Juanatey García, A L Guerrero Peral
INTRODUCTION: Headache has a negative impact on health-related quality of life in young patients. We aim to analyse the characteristics of a series of young patients visiting a headache clinic and estimate the burden of different types of headaches listed by the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD). METHODS: We prospectively recruited patients aged 14 to 25 years who were treated at our clinic during a period of 6.5 years. We recorded each patient's sex, complementary test results, and previous treatment...
January 10, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086838/clinical-characteristics-of-genital-chlamydia-infection-in-pelvic-inflammatory-disease
#2
Sung Taek Park, Suk Woo Lee, Min Jeong Kim, Young Mo Kang, Hye Min Moon, Chae Chun Rhim
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia infection in acute pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is associated with serious complications including ectopic pregnancy, tubal infertility, Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome and tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA). This study compared clinical and laboratory data between PID with and without chlamydia infection. METHODS: The medical records of 497 women who were admitted with PID between 2002 and 2011 were reviewed. The patients were divided into two groups (PID with and without chlamydia infection), which were compared in terms of the patients' characteristics, clinical presentation, and laboratory findings, including inflammatory markers...
January 13, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076308/measurements-of-serum-non-ceruloplasmin-copper-by-a-direct-fluorescent-method-specific-to-cu-ii
#3
Rosanna Squitti, Mariacristina Siotto, Emanuele Cassetta, Imane Ghafir El Idrissi, Nicola A Colabufo
BACKGROUND: Meta-analyses indicated the breakdown of copper homeostasis in the sporadic form of Alzheimer's disease (AD), comprising copper decreases within the brain and copper increases in the blood and the pool not bound to ceruloplasmin (non-Cp Cu, also known in the literature as "free" copper). The calculated non-Cp Cu (Walshe's) index has many limitations. METHODS: A direct fluorescent method for non-Cp Cu detection has been developed and data are presented herein...
January 11, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073820/predicting-6-month-mortality-risk-of-patients-commencing-dialysis-treatment-for-end-stage-kidney-disease
#4
Sara E Ivory, Kevan R Polkinghorne, Yeasmin Khandakar, Jessica Kasza, Sophia Zoungas, Retha Steenkamp, Paul Roderick, Rory Wolfe
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that end-stage kidney disease patients who are older or with more comorbidity may have a poor trade-off between benefits of dialysis and potential harms. We aimed to develop a tool for predicting patient mortality in the early stages of receiving dialysis. METHODS: In 23 658 patients aged 15+ years commencing dialysis between 2000 and 2009 in Australia and New Zealand a point score tool was developed to predict 6-month mortality based on a logistic regression analysis of factors available at dialysis initiation...
January 10, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073275/highly-efficient-retention-of-polysulfides-in-sea-urchin-like-carbon-nanotube-nanopolyhedra-superstructures-as-cathode-material-for-ultralong-life-lithium-sulfur-batteries
#5
Tao Chen, Baorui Cheng, Guoyin Zhu, Renpeng Chen, Yi Hu, Lianbo Ma, Hongling Lv, Yanrong Wang, Jia Liang, Zuoxiu Tie, Zhong Jin, Jie Liu
Despite high theoretical energy density, the practical deployment of lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries is still not implemented because of the severe capacity decay caused by polysulfide shuttling and the poor rate capability induced by low electrical conductivity of sulfur. Herein, we report a novel sulfur host material based on "sea urchin"-like cobalt nanoparticle embedded and nitrogen-doped carbon nanotube/nanopolyhedra (Co-NCNT/NP) superstructures for Li-S batteries. The hierarchical micromesopores in Co-NCNT/NP can allow efficient impregnation of sulfur and block diffusion of soluble polysulfides by physical confinement, and the incorporation of embedded Co nanoparticles and nitrogen doping (∼4...
January 11, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069020/work-outcome-in-persons-with-musculoskeletal-diseases-comparison-with-other-chronic-diseases-the-role-of-musculoskeletal-diseases-in-multimorbidity
#6
Antje van der Zee-Neuen, Polina Putrik, Sofia Ramiro, Andras Keszei, Rob de Bie, Astrid Chorus, Annelies Boonen
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases and multimorbidity are increasingly common among persons in working age. This study explores the impact of type, number and combinations of chronic diseases with focus on the role of MSKD on (1) adverse work status (i.e. work disability (WD), economic unemployment (UE) or receiving a living allowance (LA)) and on (2) the occurrence of sick leave. METHODS: Subjects participating in a Dutch household survey, who were ≤65 years and could have paid work, provided data on socio-demographics and nine physician diagnosed chronic diseases...
January 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060903/a-comparison-of-a-machine-learning-model-with-euroscore-ii-in-predicting-mortality-after-elective-cardiac-surgery-a-decision-curve-analysis
#7
Jérôme Allyn, Nicolas Allou, Pascal Augustin, Ivan Philip, Olivier Martinet, Myriem Belghiti, Sophie Provenchere, Philippe Montravers, Cyril Ferdynus
BACKGROUND: The benefits of cardiac surgery are sometimes difficult to predict and the decision to operate on a given individual is complex. Machine Learning and Decision Curve Analysis (DCA) are recent methods developed to create and evaluate prediction models. METHODS AND FINDING: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using a prospective collected database from December 2005 to December 2012, from a cardiac surgical center at University Hospital. The different models of prediction of mortality in-hospital after elective cardiac surgery, including EuroSCORE II, a logistic regression model and a machine learning model, were compared by ROC and DCA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056516/assessment-of-renal-function-and-risk-factors-for-chronic-kidney-disease-in-patients-with-peripheral-arterial-disease
#8
Xi-Bei Jia, Xi-Hua Hou, Qiu-Bo Ma, Xiao-Wen Cai, Yi-Ran Li, Su-Hong Mu, Shi-Ping Na, Ru-Juan Xie, Yu-Shi Bao
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) share common risk factors. We assessed renal function and the prevalence of CKD in patients with PAD and investigated the characteristics of the risk factors for CKD in this population. Renal function of 421 patients with PAD was evaluated. Among the participants, 194 (46.1%) patients had decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). The prevalence of CKD was much higher among patients with PAD. Hypertension (odds ratios [ORs] 2.156, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054327/obesity-epidemic-is-its-impact-on-total-joint-arthroplasty-underestimated-an-analysis-of-national-trends
#9
Jaiben George, Alison K Klika, Suparna M Navale, Jared M Newman, Wael K Barsoum, Carlos A Higuera
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a well-established risk factor for total joint arthroplasty (TJA) and a number of complications including prosthetic joint infection. The annual changes in the prevalence of obesity among primary, revision, and infected TJA has not been studied at a national level. Given the higher costs of complications of TJA, it is important to understand the association of obesity with the annual trends of revision and infected TJA. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Is the prevalence of obesity increasing among patients undergoing THA/TKA? (2) Is the prevalence of obesity increasing among patients undergoing revision THA/TKA? (3) Is the prevalence of obesity increasing among patients with infected THA/TKA? METHODS: Annual volumes of primary, revision, and infected THA and TKA from 1998 to 2011 were obtained from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample...
January 4, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041844/is-pelvic-floor-dysfunction-an-independent-threat-to-sexual-function-a-cross-sectional-study-in-women-with-pelvic-floor-dysfunction
#10
Ryan J Li-Yun-Fong, Maryse Larouche, Momoe Hyakutake, Nicole Koenig, Catherine Lovatt, Roxana Geoffrion, Lori A Brotto, Terry Lee, Geoffrey W Cundiff
INTRODUCTION: Prior studies have reported an association of sexual dysfunction with pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD), but without defining causation. AIM: To investigate predictors of sexual function in women with PFD, including pelvic organ prolapse, stress urinary incontinence, overactive bladder, obstructed defecation, and fecal incontinence. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study included 755 women (mean age = 56 years, 68% postmenopausal) referred for PFD (2008-2013)...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038902/long-acting-reversible-contraception-in-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Justin T Diedrich, David A Klein, Jeffrey F Peipert
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review of the medical literature to assess the continuation of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) among adolescents. DATA SOURCES: Ovid-MEDLINE, Cochrane databases, and Embase databases were searched using keywords relevant to the provision of long-acting contraception to adolescents. Articles published between January 2002 and August 2016, were selected for inclusion based on specific keyword searches and detailed review of bibliographies...
December 27, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027725/effect-of-chronic-kidney-disease-on-mortality-in-patients-who-underwent-lower-extremity-peripheral-vascular-intervention
#12
Joe X Xie, Thomas J Glorioso, Philip B Dattilo, Vikas Aggarwal, P Michael Ho, Anna E Barón, Darcy Donaldson, Ehrin J Armstrong, Andrew Klein, Jay Giri, Thomas T Tsai
It is known that chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with increased postoperative morbidity and mortality in patients with peripheral artery disease who underwent lower extremity surgical revascularization; however, outcomes after peripheral vascular intervention (PVI) are less well established. This study sought to determine the impact of CKD on adverse outcomes in patients with peripheral artery disease who underwent PVI. Using data from the Veteran Affairs Clinical Assessment, Reporting, and Tracking System Program, we identified a cohort of 755 patients who underwent lower extremity PVI from June 2005 to August 2010 at 33 sites...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027625/early-conversion-from-calcineurin-inhibitor-to-everolimus-based-therapy-following-kidney-transplantation-results-of-the-randomized-elevate-trial
#13
Johan W de Fijter, Hallvard Holdaas, Ole Øyen, Jan-Stephan Sanders, Sankaran Sundar, Frederike J Bemelman, Claudia Sommerer, Julio Pascual, Yingyos Avihingsanon, Cholatip Pongskul, Frederic Oppenheimer, Lorenzo Toselli, Graeme Russ, Zailong Wang, Patricia Lopez, Jossy Kochuparampil, Josep M Cruzado, Markus van der Giet
In a 24-month, multicenter, open-label, randomized trial, 715 de novo kidney transplant recipients were randomized at 10-14 weeks to convert to everolimus (n=359) or remain on standard calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) therapy (n=356; 231 tacrolimus; 125 cyclosporine), all with mycophenolic acid and steroids. The primary endpoint, change in estimated GFR from randomization to month 12, was similar for everolimus versus CNI: mean (SE) 0.3(1.5)mL/min/1.73(2) versus -1.5(1.5)mL/min/1.73(2) (p=0.116). At month 24, mean (SD) estimated GFR was 62...
December 27, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025199/computational-prediction-of-species-specific-malonylation-sites-via-enhanced-characteristic-strategy
#14
Li-Na Wang, Shao-Ping Shi, Hao-Dong Xu, Ping-Ping Wen, Jian-Ding Qiu
MOTIVATION: Protein malonylation is a novel post-translational modification (PTM) which orchestrates a variety of biological processes. Annotation of malonylation in proteomics is the first-crucial step to decipher its physiological roles which are implicated in the pathological processes. Comparing with the expensive and laborious experimental research, computational prediction can provide an accurate and effective approach to the identification of many types of PTMs sites. However, there is still no online predictor for lysine malonylation...
December 23, 2016: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024453/family-structure-child-living-arrangement-and-mothers-self-rated-health-in-sweden-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Sara C Fritzell, H Michael Gähler
Alternate living, i.e. children living 50-50 with their parents following separation is emerging as a new family form. This study is the first to differentiate separated mothers with sole/main custody from mothers with alternately living children, analysing health outcomes and using a sample representative of the population. The association between the self-rated health (SRH) of mothers and different family structures are examined. Parental cooperation is included in the analyses as a potential mediator. Data on 755 mothers from the 2010 Swedish Level of Living Survey were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression...
January 1, 2016: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018817/transcatheter-valve-unable-to-cure-patient-prosthesis-mismatch-of-mosaic-bioprosthesis
#16
Daniela Serio, Andreas Zierer, Mirko Doss, Anton Moritz
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has been recently established as a less invasive alternative to conventional aortic valve replacement (CAVR) in patients presenting with expected high procedural risk. The rapid technologic advances and the recent improvement of clinical outcomes with TAVI have made it possible to treat degenerated bioprosthesis using the valve-in-valve implantation concept (Walther T, Simon P, Dewey T, et al. Transapical minimally invasive aortic valve implantation: multicenter experience...
December 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017227/comparison-of-stent-versus-medical-therapy-for-symptomatic-patients-with-intracranial-atherosclerotic-stenosis-a-meta-analysis
#17
Qian Zhang, Kai Dong, Haiqing Song
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of intracranial stent implantation and medical therapy for treatment of severe intracranial stenosis. METHODS: Articles were identified from Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE, and Google Scholar published up to August 25, 2016. Eligible studies reported stroke occurrence, transient ischemic attack (TIA), and event-free survival rates in patients who suffered recent TIA or stroke caused by stenosis of a major intracranial artery and treated with either medical therapy or stenting...
January 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011022/effects-of-ambient-temperature-on-stroke-hospital-admissions-results-from-a-time-series-analysis-of-104-432-strokes-in-guangzhou-china
#18
Pi Guo, Murui Zheng, Wenru Feng, Jiagang Wu, Changyu Deng, Ganfeng Luo, Li Wang, Bingying Pan, Huazhang Liu
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a main cause of death and public health burden in China. The evidence on the burden of different strokes attack attribute to ambient temperature in China is limited. This study aimed to show the characteristics of stroke attack and the attributable risk due to temperature based on hospital admission data in Guangzhou, one of the most developed cities in China. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2015, 104,432 stroke hospitalizations in Guangzhou residents from 67 hospitals for stroke sentinel surveillance were registered...
December 20, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005685/is-response-to-anti-hcv-treatment-predictive-of-mortality-in-hcv-hiv-positive-patients
#19
Lars Peters, Alessandro Cozzi-Lepri
BACKGROUND: Long-term clinical outcomes after HCV treatment of HIV/HCV patients are not well described. We aimed to compare the risk of all-cause and liver-related death according to HCV treatment response in HIV/HCV patients in the multi-cohort study COHERE. METHODS: All patients who had started PEG-interferon + ribavirin (baseline) and followed for ≥72 weeks after baseline were included. Patients were categorized into three response groups depending on treatment duration and HCV-RNA measured in the window 24-72 weeks after baseline...
December 21, 2016: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002102/755-nm-q-switched-alexandrite-laser-as-a-treatment-for-melanonychia-caused-by-onychomycosis
#20
Sang Ju Lee, Joon Seok, Kui Young Park, Seong Jun Seo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
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