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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427434/adenovirus-mediated-cd40l-gene-transfer-increases-teffector-tregulatory-cell-ratio-and-upregulates-death-receptors-in-metastatic-melanoma-patients
#1
A Schiza, J Wenthe, S Mangsbo, E Eriksson, Anders Nilsson, T H Tötterman, A Loskog, G Ullenhag
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Malignant melanoma is an aggressive tumor sensitive for immunotherapy such as checkpoint blockade antibodies. Still, most patients with late stage disease do not respond, and the side effects can be severe. Stimulation of the CD40 pathway to initiate anti-tumor immunity is a promising alternative. Herein, we demonstrate immune profiling data from melanoma patients treated with an adenovirus-based CD40 ligand gene therapy (AdCD40L). METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells and plasma were collected from malignant melanoma patients (n = 15) enrolled in a phase I/IIa study investigating intratumoral delivery of AdCD40L with or without low dose cyclophosphamide...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425078/involvement-of-interstitial-cells-of-cajal-in-bladder-dysfunction-in-mice-with-experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis
#2
Zhibo Jin, Yinghui Ding, Rui Xue, Zhankui Jia, Zhenlin Huang, Yafei Ding, Chaohui Gu, Jinjian Yang
BACKGROUND: Bladder dysfunction is an important symptom of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Our previous study showed that EAE-induced upregulation of the E-prostanoid receptor 3 (EP3) and E-prostanoid receptor 4 (EP4) in the bladder was accompanied by bladder dysfunction. Although many other studies have evaluated the lower urinary tract symptoms in multiple sclerosis, the mechanism remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) on bladder dysfunction in a novel neurogenic bladder model induced by experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis...
April 19, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422719/fbxw7-haploinsufficiency-loses-its-protection-against-dna-damage-and-accelerates-mnu-induced-gastric-carcinogenesis
#3
Yannan Jiang, Xinming Qi, Xinyu Liu, Jun Zhang, Jun Ji, Zhenggang Zhu, Jin Ren, Yingyan Yu
Fbxw7, a subunit of the SCF E3 ubiquitin ligase, recognizes oncoprotein substrates and leads to their proteasomal degradation. Fbxw7 acts as a tumor suppressor via inducing apoptosis and growth arrest in various kinds of tumors. To clarify the initiating role in gastric carcinogenesis as well as the histologic characterization of tumor in Fbxw7 allele haploinsufficient mice, we generated Fbxw7 heterozygous knockout mice (Fbxw7+/-) and treated them with chemical carcinogen N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) at 5-6 weeks of age...
April 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413506/active-efflux-pump-adeb-is-involved-in-multidrug-resistance-of-acinetobacter-baumannii-induced-by-antibacterial-agents
#4
Tingting Zhang, Min Wang, Yixin Xie, Xianping Li, Zhihui Dong, Yanhua Liu, Ling Wang, Min Yang, Huan Song, Hong Cao, Wei Cao
The aim of the present study was to investigate the resistance of Acinetobacter baumannii, which was induced by cefepime (FEP), cefoperazone-sulbactam (SCF), tazobactam (TZP), levofloxacin (LEV), amikacin (AK), imipenem (IPM), and ciprofloxacin (CIP), in vitro. Multi-step drug resistance selection of 16 A. baumannii strains was performed using seven antibacterial agents (FEP, TZP, CIP, AK, IPM, SCF, and LEV). The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined using the agar dilution method. Random amplified polymorphic DNA polymerase chain reaction was performed to analyze the genotypes and the carrying rates of aac(3)-I, aac(6')-I, ant(3)-I, aph(3)-Via, OXA-23, OXA-24, AmpC, TEM-1, metallo-β-lactamase gene (IMP), armA, rmtA, rmtB, parC, gyrA and adeB...
April 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413456/role-of-stem-cell-growth-factor-c-kit-in-the-pathogenesis-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#5
Yuna Chai, Yusheng Huang, Hongmei Tang, Xing Tu, Jianbo He, Ting Wang, Qingye Zhang, Fen Xiong, Detang Li, Zhenwen Qiu
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional bowel disease with a complicated etiopathogenesis, often characterized by gastrointestinal motility disorder and high visceral sensitivity. IBS is a comprehensive multi-systemic disorder, with the interaction of multiple factors, such as mental stress, intestinal function and flora, heredity, resulting in the disease. The existence of a common mechanism underlying the aforementioned factors is currently unknown. The lack of therapies that comprehensively address the disease symptoms, including abdominal pain and diarrhea, is a limitation of current IBS management...
April 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406060/auxin-signaling-through-scf-tir1-afbs-mediates-feedback-regulation-of-iaa-biosynthesis
#6
Shin Takato, Yusuke Kakei, Marie Mitsui, Yosuke Ishida, Masashi Suzuki, Chiaki Yamazaki, Ken-Ichiro Hayashi, Takahiro Ishii, Ayako Nakamura, Kazuo Soeno, Yukihisa Shimada
We previously reported that exogenous application of auxin to Arabidopsis seedlings resulted in downregulation of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) biosynthesis genes in a feedback manner. In this study, we investigated the involvement of the SCF(TIR1/AFB)-mediated signaling pathway in feedback regulation of the indole-3-pyruvic acid-mediated auxin biosynthesis pathway in Arabidopsis. Application of PEO-IAA, an inhibitor of the IAA signal transduction pathway, to wild-type seedlings resulted in increased endogenous IAA levels in roots...
April 13, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402667/exploring-cation-%C3%AF-interaction-in-the-complexes-with-b%C3%A2-b-triple-bond-a-dft-study
#7
Pradip K Bhattacharyya
Density functional theory calculations on metal ion-π interactions in cation-π complexes of diboryne and sandwiches of diboryne and benzene formed via metal ions were performed to understand the strength of interaction in these complexes. Results suggest that apart from the smaller metal ions (Li(+), Be(2+)), larger ions (Na(+), Mg(2+), Ca(2+), and Al(3+)) can also form cation-π complexes with B≡B triple bond and interaction energies of the complexes with larger metal ions (possessing same charges) are less than those obtained with smaller ions...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402143/a-ph-independent-instantaneous-release-of-flurbiprofen-a-study-of-the-preparation-of-complexes-their-characterization-and-in-vitro-vivo-evaluation
#8
Han-Bing Wang, Fei-Fei Yang, Gai Xiu-Mei, Bing-Chao Cheng, Jin-Yu Li, Hao Pan, Xing-Gang Yang, Wei-San Pan
In this study, furbiprofen/hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) inclusion complexes were prepared to improve the drug dissolution and facilitate its application in hydrophilic gels. Inclusion complexes were prepared using a supercritical fluid (SCF) processing and a conventional optimized co-lypholization (OCL) method was employed as a reference. The entrapment efficacy (EE) and drug loading (DL) of both methods were investigated. Evaluation of drug dissolution enhancement was conducted in deionized water as well as buffer solutions of different pH...
April 12, 2017: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401096/regulation-of-the-embryonic-erythropoietic-niche-a-future-perspective
#9
REVIEW
Ayako Yumine, Stuart T Fraser, Daisuke Sugiyama
The production of red blood cells, termed erythropoiesis, occurs in two waves in the developing mouse embryo: first primitive erythropoiesis followed by definitive erythropoiesis. In the mouse embryo, both primitive and definitive erythropoiesis originates in the extra-embryonic yolk sac. The definitive wave then migrates to the fetal liver, fetal spleen and fetal bone marrow as these organs form. The fetal liver serves as the major organ for hematopoietic cell expansion and erythroid maturation after mid-gestation...
March 2017: Blood Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393136/development-of-%C3%AE-hairpin-peptides-for-the-measurement-of-scf-family-e3-ligase-activity-in-vitro-via-ornithine-ubiquitination
#10
Kaiulani M Houston, Adam T Melvin, Gregery S Woss, Effrat L Fayer, Marcey L Waters, Nancy L Allbritton
Regulation of the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) to treat select types of cancer has become a popular area of drug discovery research. The FDA approval of proteasome inhibitors Bortezomib and Carfilzomib in the treatment of multiple myeloma has led to an increased need for chemical reporters capable of detecting and quantifying protein ubiquitination and the activity of members of the UPS including E3 ubiquitin ligases and the proteasome in the tumor cells of the patients. One limitation of peptide-based reporters is their rapid degradation in the cellular environment by cytosolic peptidases...
March 31, 2017: ACS Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392427/immune-dysregulation-in-offspring-of-a-bipolar-parent-altered-serum-levels-of-immune-growth-factors-at-adolescent-age
#11
G Snijders, E Mesman, H de Wit, A Wijkhuijs, W A Nolen, H A Drexhage, M H J Hillegers
Immune dysregulation plays a role in the vulnerability for mood disorders. Immune growth factors, such as Stem Cell Factor (SCF), Insulin-like Growth Factor-Binding Protein-2 (IGF-BP2), Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF), IL-7 and sCD25 have repeatedly been reported altered in patients with mood disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate levels of these factors in serum of adolescent bipolar offspring, who have a heightened risk for mood disorder development and to also analyze the data combined with previously published data...
April 6, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392107/strigolactone-and-karrikin-independent-smxl-proteins-are-central-regulators-of-phloem-formation
#12
Eva-Sophie Wallner, Vadir López-Salmerón, Ilya Belevich, Gernot Poschet, Ilona Jung, Karin Grünwald, Iris Sevilem, Eija Jokitalo, Rüdiger Hell, Yrjö Helariutta, Javier Agustí, Ivan Lebovka, Thomas Greb
Plant stem cell niches, the meristems, require long-distance transport of energy metabolites and signaling molecules along the phloem tissue. However, currently it is unclear how specification of phloem cells is controlled. Here we show that the genes SUPPRESSOR OF MAX2 1-LIKE3 (SMXL3), SMXL4, and SMXL5 act as cell-autonomous key regulators of phloem formation in Arabidopsis thaliana. The three genes form an uncharacterized subclade of the SMXL gene family that mediates hormonal strigolactone and karrikin signaling...
March 28, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392020/adm-guidance-ceramics-fracture-toughness-testing-and-method-selection
#13
REVIEW
Paulo Francisco Cesar, Alvaro Della Bona, Susanne S Scherrer, Michael Tholey, Richard van Noort, Alessandro Vichi, Robert Kelly, Ulrich Lohbauer
OBJECTIVES: The objective is within the scope of the Academy of Dental Materials Guidance Project, which is to provide dental materials researchers with a critical analysis of fracture toughness (FT) tests such that the assessment of the FT of dental ceramics is conducted in a reliable, repeatable and reproducible way. METHODS: Fracture mechanics theory and FT methodologies were critically reviewed to introduce basic fracture principles and determine the main advantages and disadvantages of existing FT methods from the standpoint of the dental researcher...
April 6, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388044/disclosing-the-interaction-of-carbonic-anhydrase-ix-with-cullin-associated-nedd8-dissociated-protein-1-by-molecular-modeling-and-integrated-binding-measurements
#14
Martina Buonanno, Emma Langella, Nicola Zambrano, Mariangela Succoio, Emanuele Sasso, Vincenzo Alterio, Anna Di Fiore, Annamaria Sandomenico, Claudiu T Supuran, Andrea Scaloni, Simona Maria Monti, Giuseppina De Simone
Human Carbonic Anhydrase (hCA) IX is a membrane-associated member of the CA enzyme family, involved in solid tumor acidification. This enzyme is a marker of tumor hypoxia and a prognostic factor for several human cancers. In a recent paper, we showed that CA IX interacts with cullin-associated NEDD8-dissociated protein 1 (CAND1), a nuclear protein involved in gene transcription and assembly of SCF ubiquitin ligase complexes. A functional role for this interaction was also identified, since lower CA IX levels were observed in cells with decreased CAND1 expression via shRNA-mediated interference...
April 19, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387750/bmp6-regulates-proliferation-and-apoptosis-of-human-sertoli-cells-via-smad2-3-and-cyclin-d1-pathway-and-dach1-and-tfap2a-activation
#15
Hong Wang, Qingqing Yuan, Min Sun, Minghui Niu, Liping Wen, Hongyong Fu, Fan Zhou, Zheng Chen, Chencheng Yao, Jingmei Hou, Ruinan Shen, Qisheng Lin, Wenjie Liu, Ruobing Jia, Zheng Li, Zuping He
Sertoli cells are essential for regulating normal spermatogenesis. However, the mechanisms underlying human Sertoli cell development remain largely elusive. Here we examined the function and signaling pathways of BMP6 in regulating human Sertoli cells. RT-PCR, immunocytochemistry and Western blots revealed that BMP6 and its multiple receptors were expressed in human Sertoli cells. CCK-8 and EDU assays showed that BMP6 promoted the proliferation of Sertoli cells. Conversely, BMP6 siRNAs inhibited the division of these cells...
April 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386107/constitutively-active-abl-family-kinases-tel-abl-and-tel-arg-harbor-distinct-leukemogenic-activities-in-vivo
#16
A Yokota, H Hirai, T Shoji, T Maekawa, K Okuda
ABL (ABL1) and ARG (ABL2) are highly homologous to each other in overall domain structure and amino acid sequence, with the exception of their C-termini. As with ABL, translocations that fuse ARG to ETV6/TEL have been identified in patients with leukemia. To assess the in vivo leukemogenic activity of constitutively active ABL and ARG, we generated a bone marrow (BM) transplantation model using the chimeric forms TEL/ABL and TEL/ARG, which have comparable kinase activities. TEL/ABL rapidly induced fatal myeloid leukemia in recipient mice, whereas recipients of TEL/ARG-transduced cells did not develop myeloid leukemia; instead, they succumbed to a long-latency infiltrative mastocytosis that could be adoptively transferred to secondary recipients...
April 7, 2017: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383479/scf-c-kit-jnk-ap-1-signaling-pathway-promotes-claudin-3-expression-in-colonic-epithelium-and-colorectal-carcinoma
#17
Yaxi Wang, Tingyi Sun, Haimei Sun, Shu Yang, Dandan Li, Deshan Zhou
Claudin-3 is a major protein of tight junctions (TJs) in the intestinal epithelium and is critical for maintaining cell-cell adhesion, barrier function, and epithelium polarity. Recent studies have shown high claudin-3 levels in several solid tumors, but the regulation mechanism of claudin-3 expression remains poorly understood. In the present study, colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues, HT-29 and DLD-1 CRC cell lines, CRC murine model (C57BL/6 mice) and c-kit loss-of-function mutant mice were used. We demonstrated that elevated claudin-3 levels were positively correlated with highly expressed c-kit in CRC tissues based upon analysis of protein expression...
April 6, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382873/modulation-of-murine-intestinal-immunity-by-moringa-oleifera-extract-in-experimental-hymenolepiasis-nana
#18
M Abdel-Latif, G El-Shahawi, S M Aboelhadid, H Abdel-Tawab
The potential therapeutic value of Moringa oleifera extract (MOE), due to its anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects, has been reported previously. In this study, Hymenolepis nana antigen (HNA) in combination with MOE was used in immunization against H. nana infection. Adult worm and egg counts were taken, while histological changes in the intestine were observed. Mucosal mast (MMCs) and goblet cells (GCs) were stained with specific stains, while serum and intestinal IgA were assayed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381424/gsk-3-mediated-phosphorylation-couples-er-golgi-transport-and-nuclear-stabilisation-of-the-creb-h-transcription-factor-to-mediate-apolipoprotein-secretion
#19
Sónia Barbosa, Suzanne Carreira, Peter O'Hare
CREB-H, an ER-anchored transcription factor plays a key role in regulating secretion in metabolic pathways, particularly triglyceride homeostasis. It controls the production both of secretory pathway components and cargoes including apolipoproteins ApoA-IV and ApoC-II, contributing to VLDL/HDL distribution and lipolysis. The key mechanism controlling CREB-H activity involves its ER retention and forward transport to the Golgi, where it is cleaved by Golgi-resident proteases releasing the N-terminal product which traffics to the nucleus to effect transcriptional responses...
April 5, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377757/mycobacterial-cultures-contain-cell-size-and-density-specific-sub-populations-of-cells-with-significant-differential-susceptibility-to-antibiotics-oxidative-and-nitrite-stress
#20
Srinivasan Vijay, Rashmi Ravindran Nair, Deepti Sharan, Kishor Jakkala, Nagaraja Mukkayyan, Sharmada Swaminath, Atul Pradhan, Niranjan V Joshi, Parthasarathi Ajitkumar
The present study shows the existence of two specific sub-populations of Mycobacterium smegmatis and Mycobacterium tuberculosis cells differing in size and density, in the mid-log phase (MLP) cultures, with significant differential susceptibility to antibiotic, oxidative, and nitrite stress. One of these sub-populations (~10% of the total population), contained short-sized cells (SCs) generated through highly-deviated asymmetric cell division (ACD) of normal/long-sized mother cells and symmetric cell divisions (SCD) of short-sized mother cells...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
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