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Yimin Jia, Hongmei Qin, Na Wang, Zhong-Xing Jiang, Zhigang Yang
A simple, convenient method for intermolecular chlorotrifluoromethylthiolation of alkenes by using a low-cost and more abundant iron catalyst has been developed. This protocol provides a straightforward way to synthesize a variety of useful SCF 3 -containing chlorides from a wide range of alkenes, including electron-deficient, aromatic, and unactivated alkenes. Mechanistic studies indicate that this is a free radical transformation, and the stronger electrophilic trifluoromethylthiolating reagent CF 3 SCl was generated in situ under the employed conditions...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Christian Arquint, Fabien Cubizolles, Agathe Morand, Alexander Schmidt, Erich A Nigg
Deregulation of centriole duplication has been implicated in cancer and primary microcephaly. Accordingly, it is important to understand how key centriole duplication factors are regulated. E3 ubiquitin ligases have been implicated in controlling the levels of several duplication factors, including PLK4, STIL and SAS-6, but the precise mechanisms ensuring centriole homeostasis remain to be fully understood. Here, we have combined proteomics approaches with the use of MLN4924, a generic inhibitor of SCF E3 ubiquitin ligases, to monitor changes in the cellular abundance of centriole duplication factors...
February 2018: Open Biology
Ruikang Liu, Bernard Moss
Type I interferons (IFNs) induce expression of more than 300 cellular genes that provide protection against viruses and other pathogens. For survival, viruses evolved defenses to prevent the IFN response or counteract the IFN-induced antiviral state. However, because viruses and cells co-evolved, the dynamic relationship between virus and host is difficult to discern. In the present study, we demonstrated that vaccinia virus with a large deletion near the left end of the genome had a diminished ability to replicate in cells that had been pre-treated with IFNβ, suggesting that one or more of the missing 17 open reading frames (ORFs) encodes an antagonist of the IFN-induced antiviral state...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Virology
Fang Chen, Ling Wang, Min Wang, Yixin Xie, Xiaomeng Xia, Xianping Li, Yanhua Liu, Wei Cao, Tingting Zhang, Pengling Li, Min Yang
The present study aimed to develop a rational therapy based on the genetic epidemiology, molecular mechanism evaluation and in vitro antibiotic combinations activity in multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDRAB). MDRAB was screened by the Kirby-Bauer method. The random amplified polymorphic DNA technique was used to establish genetic fingerprinting, and a series of resistance genes were detected by polymerase chain reaction. Antimicrobial agents including amikacin (AK), cefoperazone/sulbactam (SCF I/II), meropenem (MEM), minocycline (MINO) and ciprofloxacin (CIP) were used to determine the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and interactions between antibiotics by the broth microdilution method and chequerboard assays...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
Lin Lv, Ximei Huo, Luhua Wen, Zhihong Gao, Muhammad Khalil-Ur-Rehman
Bud dormancy release is regulated by gibberellins (GAs). DELLA proteins are highly conserved and act as negative regulators in GA signaling pathway. The present study established a relationship between PmRGL2 in Japanese apricot and GA4 levels during dormancy release of floral buds. Overexpression of PmRGL2 in poplar delayed the onset of bud dormancy and resulted in dwarf plants, relative to wild-type trees. PmRGL2 exhibited higher expression during ecodormancy and relatively lower expression during endodormancy...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Jing Lin, Aihui Ji, Guanzhong Qiu, Huaizhi Feng, Jian Li, Shuo Li, Yongxiang Zou, Yong Cui, Chaoli Song, Hua He, Yicheng Lu
F-box and WD repeat domain-containing 7(FBW7) is a SCF-type E3 ubiquitin ligase targeting a multitude of oncoproteins for degradation. Acting as one of the most important tumor suppressor it is frequently inactivated in various tumors. In this study we aimed to evaluate the relationship of FBW7 with glioma pathology and prognosis, and examine its effect in glioma malignancies and temozolomide(TMZ)-based therapy. Clinical tissues and TCGA database analysis revealed FBW7 expression was correlated inversely with glioma histology and positively with patient survival time...
February 10, 2018: Cancer Science
Bei Zhong, Yu Li, Xiaodong Liu, Dongsheng Wang
The present study aimed to determine the expression of mast cells, C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 (CCL-2) and C-C motif chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) in gastric cancer tumor tissue; and the association of mast cells with the proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis of gastric cancer cells. In addition, whether the stem cell factor (SCF)/c-Kit pathway was associated with the secretion of CCL-2 by gastric cancer cells was explored. Flow cytometry analysis and immunohistochemistry were used to observe the relative number of mast cells, and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis were utilized to determine the expression of CCL-2 and CCR2 mRNA and protein...
January 2018: Oncology Letters
Pragya Verma, Zoltán Varga, Donald G Truhlar
Spin-state energetics are important for understanding properties that involve more than one spin state, for example, catalysis occurring on two or more potential energy surfaces corresponding to different electronic spins. Very often, multiple-spin processes involve transition-metal compounds, and therefore, it is important to understand the electronic structure and energetics of such compounds in different spin states. In this work, we benchmark relative spin-state energies of FeF2 with respect to the quintet ground spin state using both single-configurational and multi-configurational methods, and we examine how they are affected by the binding of ethane and ethylene to the iron center...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Benfang Wang, Jianjiang Yu, Ting Wang, Ying Shen, Dandan Lin, Xin Xu, Yiqiang Wang
AIMS: To define the possible effect of diabetic conditions on megakaryocytes, the long-know precursors of platelets and lately characterized modulator of hematopoietic stem quiescence-activation transition. METHODS: Megakaryoblastic MEG-01 cell culture and TPO/SCF/IL-3-induced differentiation of human umbilical blood mononuclear cells toward megakaryocytes were used to test effects of glycated bovine serum albumin (BSA-AGEs). The ob/ob mice and streptozotocin-treated mice were used as models of hyperglycemia...
February 8, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
Masashi Mikamo, Kyoko Kitagawa, Satoshi Sakai, Chiharu Uchida, Tatsuya Ohhata, Koji Nishimoto, Hiroyuki Niida, Sayuri Suzuki, Keiichi I Nakayama, Naoki Inui, Takafumi Suda, Masatoshi Kitagawa
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive disease with poor prognosis and no curative therapies. SCF-Skp2 E3 ligase is a target for cancer therapy, but there have been no reports about Skp2 as a target for IPF. Here we demonstrate that Skp2 is a promising therapeutic target for IPF. We examined whether disrupting Skp2 suppressed pulmonary fibrosis in a bleomycin (BLM)-induced mouse model and found that pulmonary fibrosis was significantly suppressed in Skp2-deficient mice compared with controls. The pulmonary accumulation of fibrotic markers such as collagen type 1 and fibronectin in BLM-infused mice was decreased in Skp2-deficient mice...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Xiao-Wei Ye, You-Hua Su, Pei-Sen Xi
In this paper, a fiber Bragg grating (FBG)-based stress monitoring system instrumented on an orthotropic steel deck arch bridge is demonstrated. The FBG sensors are installed at two types of critical fatigue-prone welded joints to measure the strain and temperature signals. A total of 64 FBG sensors are deployed around the rib-to-deck and rib-to-diagram areas at the mid-span and quarter-span of the investigated orthotropic steel bridge. The local stress behaviors caused by the highway loading and temperature effect during the construction and operation periods are presented with the aid of a wavelet multi-resolution analysis approach...
February 7, 2018: Sensors
Yu Li, Kaishun Hu, Xing Xiao, Wenjing Wu, Haiyan Yan, Hengxing Chen, Zhen Chen, Yin Dong
FBW7 is an E3 ubiquitin ligase and frequently mutated in various types of cancer. As a component of SCF ubiquitin ligase complex, FBW7 usually targets the substrates via K11 or K48-linked ubiquitylation and subsequent degradation. Nevertheless, the role of FBW7 in mediating non-degradable ubiquitin signaling remains unknown in human cancers. In this study, we identified γ-catenin as a new binding protein of FBW7 by TAP-MS (tandem affinity purification-mass spectrum). Knockdown of FBW7 did not affect the stability of γ-catenin, but significantly reduced the K63-linked ubiquitin of γ-catenin, resulting in decreased expression of γ-catenin downstream gene 14-3-3σ...
February 2, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Eva Steidle-Kloc, Torben Dannhauer, Wolfgang Wirth, Felix Eckstein
Obesity is a potent risk factor for knee osteoarthritis (OA) that is driven by mechanical and potentially endocrine mechanisms, and it affects women more frequently than men. The infrapatellar fat pat (IPFP) represents a potential link between obesity, intra-articular inflammation and structural pathology. Here we investigate whether the IPFP is responsive to body weight loss/gain in women and how its responsiveness to weight change compares to that of subcutaneous fat (SCF) of the thigh. All female participants of the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI) with ≥10% weight loss/gain between baseline and a 2-year follow-up were included...
February 1, 2018: Cells, Tissues, Organs
Minggang Guo, Zhanli Cao, Zhifan Wang, Fan Wang
We report bond lengths, force constants, and dissociation energies for a series of closed-shell superheavy element monohydrides and halides at the singles and doubles level with perturbative triples (CCSD(T)) using recently developed relativistic effective core potentials in this work. CCSD(T) results with spin-orbit coupling (SOC) included in self-consistent field (SCF) calculations provide highly accurate estimates for properties of these molecules. Trends as well as SOC effects on properties of these molecules are presented...
January 28, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Tsuneo Ikenoue, Yumi Terakado, Chi Zhu, Xun Liu, Tomoyuki Ohsugi, Daisuke Matsubara, Tomoki Fujii, Shigeru Kakuta, Sachiko Kubo, Takuma Shibata, Kiyoshi Yamaguchi, Yoichiro Iwakura, Yoichi Furukawa
F-box and WD40 domain protein 7 (FBXW7) is a component of the SKP1-CUL1-F-box protein (SCF) complex that mediates the ubiquitination of diverse oncogenic target proteins. The exploration of FBXW7 mutations in human primary cancer has revealed three mutation hotspots at conserved arginine residues (Arg465, Arg479, and Arg505) in the WD40 domain, which are critical for substrate recognition. To study the function of human FBXW7 R465C , the most frequent mutation in human malignancies, we generated a novel conditional knockin mouse line of murine Fbxw7 R468C corresponding to human FBXW7 R465C ...
January 31, 2018: Scientific Reports
Qingqing Liu, Yike Zhou, Ruiqi Tang, Xuehong Wang, Qiwen Hu, Ying Wang, Qun He
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biology
Gentian Toshkezi, Michele Kyle, Sharon L Longo, Lawrence S Chin, Li-Ru Zhao
OBJECTIVE Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of long-term disability and death in young adults. The lack of pharmaceutical therapy for post-acute TBI recovery remains a crucial medical challenge. Stem cell factor (SCF) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), which are 2 key hematopoietic growth factors, have shown neuroprotective and neurorestorative effects in experimental stroke. The objective of this study was to determine the therapeutic efficacy of combined treatment (SCF + G-CSF) in subacute TBI...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Takao Niwano, Shuko Terazawa, Hiroaki Nakajima, Genji Imokawa
We recently found that treatment of normal human melanocytes (NHMs) with the antioxidant astaxanthin (AX) suppresses the stem cell factor (SCF)-stimulated protein expression levels of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) at 1.5 h and of tyrosinase and endothelin B receptor at 96 h post-treatment. Analysis of the signaling cascade(s) involved revealed that although the major SCF-activated signaling cascade that leads to CREB activation (the c-KIT/Shc/Raf-1/ERK/RSK/CREB axis) is not interrupted, the increased phosphorylation of CREB is significantly abrogated by AX...
January 23, 2018: Archives of Dermatological Research
Cui Qiu, Yuan-Yuan Yi, Rafael Lucena, Meng-Juan Wu, Jia-Hao Sun, Xi Wang, Quan-Wen Jin, Yamei Wang
The key kinase Cdk1 (Cdc2) promotes irreversible mitotic entry mainly by activating the phosphatase Cdc25 while suppressing the tyrosine kinase Wee1. Wee1 needs to be down-regulated at the onset of mitosis to ensure rapid activation of Cdk1. In human somatic cells, one mechanism of suppressing Wee1 activity is mediated by ubiquitylation-dependent proteolysis through the Skp1/Cul1/F-box protein (SCF) ubiquitin E3 ligase complex. This mechanism is believed to be conserved from yeasts to humans. So far, the best characterized human F-box proteins involved in recognition of Wee1 are β-TrCP and Tome-1...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
Teobald Kupka, Aneta Buczek, Małgorzata Broda, Łukasz Gajda, Monika Ignasiak
Self consistent field Hartree-Fock (SCF-HF), density functional theory (DFT: B3LYP, KT1, KT2 and KT3) and coupled-cluster (CC) calculations of the nuclear magnetic shielding constants of BH and BH3 molecules have been conducted to characterize the convergence of individual results obtained with correlation- and polarization-consistent basis sets. The individual 11 B and 1 H NMR parameters were estimated in the complete basis set limit (CBS) and compared with benchmark literature results. The SCF-HF and DFT-B3LYP predicted boron shieldings and shielding anisotropies of BH significantly differed from the results obtained by coupled-cluster with single, double and perturbative treatment of triple excitations, CCSD(T) approach...
January 23, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry: MRC
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