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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752034/validity-of-a-computerized-population-registry-of-dementia-based-on-clinical-databases
#1
J Mar, A Arrospide, M Soto-Gordoa, M Machón, Á Iruin, P Martinez-Lage, A Gabilondo, F Moreno-Izco, A Gabilondo, L Arriola
INTRODUCTION: The handling of information through digital media allows innovative approaches for identifying cases of dementia through computerized searches within the clinical databases that include systems for coding diagnoses. The aim of this study was to analyze the validity of a dementia registry in Gipuzkoa based on the administrative and clinical databases existing in the Basque Health Service. METHODS: This is a descriptive study based on the evaluation of available data sources...
May 8, 2018: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736590/anatomical-predictors-of-cognitive-decline-after-subthalamic-stimulation-in-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Vincent Planche, Fanny Munsch, Bruno Pereira, Emmanuel de Schlichting, Tiphaine Vidal, Jerome Coste, Dominique Morand, Ingrid de Chazeron, Philippe Derost, Bérangère Debilly, Pierre-Michel Llorca, Jean-Jacques Lemaire, Ana Marques, Franck Durif
We investigated whether pre-operative MRI measures of focal brain atrophy could predict cognitive decline occurring after deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). For that purpose, we prospectively collected data of 42 consecutive patients with PD who underwent bilateral STN-DBS. Normalized brain structure volumes and cortical thicknesses were measured on pre-operative T1-weighted MRI. Patients were tested for their cognitive performances before surgery and 1 year after...
May 7, 2018: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735277/age-related-hearing-loss-innovations-in-hearing-augmentation
#3
REVIEW
Yona Vaisbuch, Peter Luke Santa Maria
Age-related hearing loss is a multifactorial condition that affects more than one-third of the aging population. Left untreated it can increase the risk of cognitive decline, dementia, social isolation, depression, and falls. Hearing augmentation devices exhibit improved digital sound processing and Smartphone connectivity. Stigma remains one of the prominent barriers and todays devices offer in the canal models, miniature sizes, and camouflage with the hair or skin color. Although rigorous scientific efforts are made in the research field of inner ear regeneration and some clinical early phase studies do exist, to date, the clinical availability is still some time away...
May 4, 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708406/public-perspectives-toward-long-term-care-staff-intervention-in-demented-resident-s-sexual-relationships
#4
Erin Yelland, M Hunter Stanfield
Background and objectives Sexual expression is an essential component of older adults' quality of life, including those with lower cognitive functioning. Issues have been raised with long-term care facility policies related to aspects of staff intervention, permissibility of degree of intimacy, and how involved partners of residents with cognitive decline may be in decision-making processes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This study used a multiple segment factorial vignette to explore the attitudes of the public toward a dementia-caused non-spousal sexual relationship in a long-term care facility...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705888/a-physical-exercise-program-using-music-supported-video-based-training-in-older-adults-in-nursing-homes-suffering-from-dementia-a-feasibility-study
#5
Joke Spildooren, Ite Speetjens, Johan Abrahams, Peter Feys, Annick Timmermans
BACKGROUND: Motivation towards an exercise program is higher in a small group setting in comparison to individual therapy. Due to attentional problems, group exercises are difficult for people with Alzheimer disease (AD). This study evaluates the feasibility of a music-supported video-based group exercise program in older adults suffering from AD. METHODS: Five participants with moderate AD were recruited from a nursing home. A progressive physical exercise program using a video-based training with musical accompaniment was performed and digitally recorded to investigate the adherence and performed accuracy of the exercises...
April 28, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689720/early-detection-of-alzheimer-s-disease-based-on-the-patient-s-creative-drawing-process-first-results-with-a-novel-neuropsychological-testing-method
#6
Petra Heymann, Regine Gienger, Andreas Hett, Stephan Müller, Christoph Laske, Sibylle Robens, Thomas Ostermann, Ulrich Elbing
Based on the knowledge of art therapy, we developed a new neuropsychological drawing test in order to identify individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) as well as dementia patients and healthy controls (HC). By observing a variety of drawing characteristics of 92 participants with a mean age of 67.7, art therapy and dementia experts discriminate HC from MCI, early dementia of the Alzheimer-type (eDAT), and moderate dementia of the Alzheimer-type (mDAT) by the process analysis of tree drawings on a digitizing tablet...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678927/digital-technologies-for-the-assessment-of-cognition-a-clinical-review
#7
REVIEW
Amy Chinner, Jasmine Blane, Claire Lancaster, Chris Hinds, Ivan Koychev
Dementia is the most widespread form of neurodegenerative disorder and is associated with an immense societal and personal cost. Prevalence of this disorder is projected to triple worldwide by 2050 leading to an urgent need to make advances in the efficiency of both its care and therapy research. Digital technologies are a rapidly advancing field that provide a previously unavailable opportunity to alleviate challenges faced by clinicians and researchers working in this area. This clinical review aimed to summarise currently available evidence on digital technologies that can be used to monitor cognition...
April 20, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669557/discovery-biology-of-neuropsychiatric-syndromes-dbns-a-center-for-integrating-clinical-medicine-and-basic-science
#8
Biju Viswanath, Naren P Rao, Janardhanan C Narayanaswamy, Palanimuthu T Sivakumar, Arun Kandasamy, Muralidharan Kesavan, Urvakhsh Meherwan Mehta, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian, John P John, Odity Mukherjee, Meera Purushottam, Ramakrishnan Kannan, Bhupesh Mehta, Thennarasu Kandavel, B Binukumar, Jitender Saini, Deepak Jayarajan, A Shyamsundar, Sydney Moirangthem, K G Vijay Kumar, Jagadisha Thirthalli, Prabha S Chandra, Bangalore N Gangadhar, Pratima Murthy, Mitradas M Panicker, Upinder S Bhalla, Sumantra Chattarji, Vivek Benegal, Mathew Varghese, Janardhan Y C Reddy, Padinjat Raghu, Mahendra Rao, Sanjeev Jain
BACKGROUND: There is emerging evidence that there are shared genetic, environmental and developmental risk factors in psychiatry, that cut across traditional diagnostic boundaries. With this background, the Discovery biology of neuropsychiatric syndromes (DBNS) proposes to recruit patients from five different syndromes (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, Alzheimer's dementia and substance use disorders), identify those with multiple affected relatives, and invite these families to participate in this study...
April 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617947/relationship-of-lipids-and-lipid-lowering-medications-with-cognitive-function-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#9
Kwok Leung Ong, Margaret J Morris, Robyn L McClelland, Timothy M Hughes, Jayanthi Maniam, Annette L Fitzpatrick, Seth S Martin, José A Luchsinger, Stephen R Rapp, Kathleen M Hayden, Veit Sandfort, Matthew A Allison, Kerry-Anne Rye
Studies on the relationship of cholesterol concentrations and lipid-lowering medications with dementia risk have yielded inconsistent findings. Therefore, we investigated the association of lipid concentrations and lipid-lowering medications with cognitive function in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis across 3 different cognitive domains assessed by means of the Cognitive Abilities Screening Instrument (CASI; version 2), the Digit Symbol Coding (DSC) Test, and the Digit Span (DS) Test in 2010-2012. After adjustment for sociodemographic and confounding factors, including concentrations of other lipids and use of lipid-lowering medication, higher total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and non-high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations were modestly associated with higher DS Test scores...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607245/future-of-health-findings-from-a-survey-of-stakeholders-on-the-future-of-health-and-healthcare-in-england
#10
Jennie Corbett, Camilla d'Angelo, Lorenzo Gangitano, Jon Freeman
This article presents findings from a survey conducted by RAND Europe at the request of the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) to gather and synthesise stakeholder views on the future of health and healthcare in England in 20 to 30 years' time. The aim of the research was to generate an evidenced-based picture of the future health and healthcare needs, and how it might differ from today, in order to inform strategic discussions about the future priorities of the NIHR and the health and social care research communities more broadly...
April 2018: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600920/-death-after-a-fall-in-patients-with-advanced-dementia-cause-of-death-natural-or-unnatural
#11
E C M van Dingenen, M van Eijk, V G M Chel, D P Engberts, W P Achterberg
OBJECTIVE: This article describes and discusses the viewpoints of elderly care physicians and municipal coroners regarding the qualification of natural or unnatural deaths of nursing home residents with advanced dementia who fall. DESIGN: A digital questionnaire was sent to all elderly care physicians-in-training and their trainers in the Netherlands, and to all 23 municipal coroners in the Mid-Holland region. METHOD: As well as questions on knowledge of the Dutch law and prognostic figures concerning dementia-related death, the questionnaire described two cases with minimal differences...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582896/cognitive-dysfunction-in-urban-community-dwelling-prefrail-older-subjects
#12
H Umegaki, T Makino, H Shimada, T Hayashi, X Wu Cheng, M Kuzuya
OBJECTIVES: A number of studies have reported that frailty is cross-sectionally associated with cognitive decline and is also a risk for future cognitive decline or dementia; however, there have been only a few studies that focus on the association between prefrailty and cognitive dysfunction. In the current study, we investigated the association between prefrailty and cognition. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of the data obtained at registration in a randomized control trial...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568553/hiv-associated-cognitive-performance-and-psychomotor-impairment-in-a-thai-cohort-on-long-term-cart
#13
EDITORIAL
Tanya C Do, Stephen J Kerr, Anchalee Avihingsanon, Saowaluk Suksawek, Supalak Klungkang, Taweesak Channgam, Christoph C Odermatt, Wirach Maek-A-Nantawat, Kiat Ruxtungtham, Jintanat Ananworanich, Victor Valcour, Peter Reiss, Ferdinand W Wit
Objectives: To assess cognitive performance and psychomotor impairment in an HIV-positive cohort, well-suppressed on combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), in an Asian resource-limited setting. Methods: Cross-sectional sociodemographic and cognitive data were collected in 329 HIV-positive and 510 HIV-negative participants. Cognitive performance was assessed using the International HIV Dementia Scale (IHDS), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), WAIS-III Digit Symbol, Trail Making A, and Grooved Pegboard (both hands)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559861/letter-to-the-editor-digital-dementia-is-smart-technology-making-us-dumb
#14
Sanaa Moledina, Adeel Khoja
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559782/repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-cognitive-impairment-in-frontotemporal-dementia-an-open-label-pilot-study
#15
Jakub Antczak, Katarzyna Kowalska, Aleksandra Klimkowicz-Mrowiec, Barbara Wach, Katarzyna Kasprzyk, Marta Banach, Karolina Rzeźnicka-Brzegowy, Jadwiga Kubica, Agnieszka Słowik
Background: Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is one of the most frequent dementia types in patients under 65 years of age. Currently, no therapy can effectively improve the cognitive deficits associated with FTD. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a noninvasive method of inducing brain plasticity with therapeutic potential in neurodegenerative diseases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of rTMS on cognitive, behavioral, and emotional function in FTD...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550779/protocol-for-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial-of-body-brain-life-general-practice-and-a-lifestyle-modification-programme-to-decrease-dementia-risk-exposure-in-a-primary-care-setting
#16
Sarang Kim, Mitchell McMaster, Susan Torres, Kay L Cox, Nicola Lautenschlager, George W Rebok, Dimity Pond, Catherine D'Este, Ian McRae, Nicolas Cherbuin, Kaarin J Anstey
INTRODUCTION: It has been estimated that a 10%-25% reduction in seven key risk factors could potentially prevent 1.1-3.0 million Alzheimer's disease cases globally. In addition, as dementia is preceded by more subtle cognitive deficits which have substantial social and economic impact, effective preventative interventions would likely have more extensive benefits. The current study evaluates in primary care a multidomain risk-reduction intervention targeting adults with high risk of developing dementia...
March 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535584/effects-of-a-single-session-cognitive-enhancement-fitness-program-on-serum-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-levels-and-cognitive-function-in-middle-aged-women
#17
Hyun Jun Kim, Sang Yeoup Lee, Hwa Gyeong Lee, Yang Hee Cho, Eun Mi Ko
Few studies have been undertaken to develop cognitive functional improvement-focused exercise programs and determine their effect. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of a cognitive enhancement fitness program (CEFP) on short-term memory and serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels according to the cognitive state in middle-aged women. A total of 30 healthy volunteers aged 40-59 years were divided into two groups, that is, a mild cognitive impairment (MCI) group and a non-MCI group based on results from the Korean Dementia Screening Questionnaire...
March 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517270/psychometric-validation-of-fuld-object-memory-evaluation-in-older-adults-with-cognitive-impairments
#18
Rainbow T H Ho, Ted C T Fong, Tiffany Hon, Wai Chi Chan, Joseph S K Kwan, Patrick K C Chiu, Linda C W Lam
OBJECTIVES: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) refers to an early but abnormal state of cognitive impairment with minimal functional impairment. The present study aimed to evaluate the validity of Fuld Object Memory Evaluation (FOME) as a measure of episodic memory function. METHOD: The study sample included 204 Chinese older adults with cognitive impairments. The participants completed five recall trials and a delayed trial in FOME, neurocognitive measures on digit spans and trail making, and daily functioning...
March 8, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507262/systems-to-harness-digital-footprint-to-elucidate-and-facilitate-ageing-in-place
#19
Alissa Knight, John Fouyaxis, Geoff Jarrad, Kinga Beski, Gerald Cho, Niranjan Bidargaddi
The rapid ageing of the population is a worldwide inexorable demographic transformation. At a time of immense social, political and economic change, the growing elderly population is at the forefront of global burden, placing an increasing strain on the federal, state, and local budgets. Many public policy responses to the impending ageing epidemic have begun, particularly with regards to dementia prevention and quality of life for older adults. However, to date, the fruition of such efforts remains to be discovered...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507261/supporting-diverse-challenges-of-ageing-with-digital-enhanced-living-solutions
#20
John Grundy, Kon Mouzakis, Rajesh Vasa, Andrew Cain, Maheswaree Curumsing, Mohamed Abdelrazek, Niroshine Fernando
By the 2050, it is estimated that the proportion of people over the age of 80 will have risen from 3.9% to 9.1% of population of Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development countries. A large proportion of these people will need significant help to manage various chronic illnesses, including dementia, heart disease, diabetes, limited physical movement and many others. Current approaches typically focus on acute episodes of illness and are not well designed to provide adequately for daily living care support...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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