keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

infectious disease drugs

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453950/towards-elimination-of-schistosomiasis-after-5000-years-of-endemicity-in-egypt
#1
REVIEW
Iman F Abou-El-Naga
Schistosomiasis is a snail-transmitted infectious disease caused by a long lasting infection with a blood fluke of the genus Schistosoma. S. haematobium and S. mansoni are the species endemic in Egypt. The country has been plagued and seriously suffered from schistosomiasis over the past 5000 years. Great strides had been done in controlling the disease since 1922. The history, epidemiology and the different control approaches were reviewed. Currently, Egypt is preparing towards schistosomiasis elimination by 2020...
February 14, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453908/effective-anti-adhesives-of-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli
#2
Rosana Ribić, Tomislav Meštrović, Marijana Neuberg, Goran Kozina
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) are among the most common infectious diseases in humans. Due to their frequent occurrence in the community and nosocomial settings, as well as the development of resistance to the commonly prescribed antimicrobial agents, an enormous financial burden is placed on healthcare systems around the world. Therefore, novel approaches to the prevention and treatment of UTIs are needed. Although UPEC may harbour a plethora of virulence factors, type I fimbriae and P pili are two of the most studied adhesive organelles, since the attachment to host cells in the urinary tract is a crucial step towards infection...
March 1, 2018: Acta Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453370/a-multitarget-approach-to-drug-discovery-inhibiting-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-pyrg-and-pank
#3
Laurent R Chiarelli, Giorgia Mori, Beatrice Silvia Orena, Marta Esposito, Thomas Lane, Ana Luisa de Jesus Lopes Ribeiro, Giulia Degiacomi, Júlia Zemanová, Sára Szádocka, Stanislav Huszár, Zuzana Palčeková, Marcello Manfredi, Fabio Gosetti, Joël Lelièvre, Lluis Ballell, Elena Kazakova, Vadim Makarov, Emilio Marengo, Katarina Mikusova, Stewart T Cole, Giovanna Riccardi, Sean Ekins, Maria Rosalia Pasca
Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the etiological agent of the infectious disease tuberculosis, kills approximately 1.5 million people annually, while the spread of multidrug-resistant strains is of great global concern. Thus, continuous efforts to identify new antitubercular drugs as well as novel targets are crucial. Recently, two prodrugs activated by the monooxygenase EthA, 7947882 and 7904688, which target the CTP synthetase PyrG, were identified and characterized. In this work, microbiological, biochemical, and in silico methodologies were used to demonstrate that both prodrugs possess a second target, the pantothenate kinase PanK...
February 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453043/understanding-of-human-atp-binding-cassette-superfamily-and-novel-multidrug-resistance-modulators-to-overcome-mdr
#4
REVIEW
Imran Shair Mohammad, Wei He, Lifang Yin
Indeed, multi-drug resistance (MDR) is a significant obstacle to effective chemotherapy. The overexpression of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) membrane transporters is a principal cause of enhanced cytotoxic drug efflux and treatment failure in various types of cancers. At cellular level, the pumps of ABC family regulate the transportation of numerous substances including drugs in and out of the cells. In past, the overexpression of ABC pumps suggested a well-known mechanism of drug resistance in cancers as well as infectious diseases...
February 13, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452500/preparation-of-an-optimized-ciprofloxacin-loaded-chitosan-nanomicelle-with-enhanced-antibacterial-activity
#5
Mahdieh Farhangi, Farzad Kobarfard, Arash Mahboubi, Alireza Vatanara, Seyed Alireza Mortazavi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of present study was to evaluate the effect of lipid structure on physicochemical properties of chitosan-fatty acid nanomicelles and prepare an optimum ciprofloxacin loaded formulation from these conjugates which could enhance the antibacterial effects of drug against some important pathogens like P. aeroginosa. SIGNIFICANCE: Nowadays, resistance in infectious diseases is a growing worldwide concern. Nanocarriers can increase the therapeutic index and consequently reduce the antibiotic resistance...
February 16, 2018: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452047/lessons-learned-from-ebola-vaccine-r-d-during-a-public-health-emergency
#6
Marie-Paule Kieny
In spite of a complete lack of Research and Development (R&D) preparedness, the 2013-2016 West-Africa Ebola experience demonstrated that it is possible to compress R&D timelines to less than a single year, from a more usual decade or longer. This is mostly to be credited to an unprecedented collaborative effort building on the availability of a small number of candidate diagnostic tests, drugs and vaccines that could be moved rapidly into the clinical phase evaluation. The World Health Organization (WHO) led international consultations and activities - including the organization of a successful Ebola vaccine efficacy trial in Guinea - as a contribution to the unprecedented global efforts to control the Ebola epidemic...
February 16, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451870/long-term-efficacy-and-safety-of-rilpivirine-plus-abacavir-and-lamivudine-in-hiv-1-infected-patients-with-undetectable-viral-load
#7
Nadia Galizzi, Laura Galli, Andrea Poli, Nicola Gianotti, Elisabetta Carini, Alba Bigoloni, Giuseppe Tambussi, Silvia Nozza, Adriano Lazzarin, Antonella Castagna, Daniela Mancusi, Roberta Termini
INTRODUCTION: A regimen with rilpivirine (RPV), abacavir (ABC) and lamivudine (3TC) is simple and may allow the sparing of tenofovir and protease inhibitors. However, data on use of this combination as a strategy of switch are limited. Aims of the study were to assess the long-term efficacy and safety of this regimen. METHODS: Retrospective study on HIV-1 infected patients followed at the Infectious Disease Department of the San Raffaele Scientific Institute, HBsAg-negative, HLA B5701-negative, with no documented resistance to RPV, ABC and 3TC, with HIV-RNA<50 copies/mL who started RPV plus ABC/3TC from March 2013 to September 2015...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451848/mr-imaging-of-atraumatic-muscle-disorders
#8
Edward Smitaman, Dyan V Flores, Catalina Mejía Gómez, Mini N Pathria
Atraumatic disorders of skeletal muscles include congenital variants; inherited myopathies; acquired inflammatory, infectious, or ischemic disorders; neoplastic diseases; and conditions leading to muscle atrophy. These have overlapping appearances at magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and are challenging for the radiologist to differentiate. The authors organize muscle disorders into four MR imaging patterns: (a) abnormal anatomy with normal signal intensity, (b) edema/inflammation, (c) mass, and (d) atrophy, highlighting each of their key clinical and imaging findings...
February 16, 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451361/development-of-a-focused-library-of-triazole-linked-privileged-structure-based-conjugates-leading-to-the-discovery-of-novel-phenotypic-hits-against-protozoan-parasitic-infections
#9
Elisa Uliassi, Lorna Piazzi, Federica Belluti, Andrea Mazzanti, Marcel Kaiser, Reto Brun, Carolina B Moraes, Lucio H Freitas-Junior, Sheraz Gul, Maria Kuzikov, Bernhard Ellinger, Chiara Borsari, Maria Paola Costi, Maria Laura Bolognesi
Protozoan infections caused by Plasmodium, Leishmania, and Trypanosoma spp. contribute significantly to the burden of infectious diseases worldwide, causing severe morbidity and mortality. The inadequacy of available treatments calls for cost- and time-effective drug discovery endeavors. To this end, we envisaged the triazole linkage of privileged structures as an effective drug design strategy to generate a focused library of high-quality compounds. The versatility of this approach was combined with the feasibility of a phenotypic assay, integrated with early ADME-tox profiling...
February 16, 2018: ChemMedChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450244/characteristics-of-adherence-to-methadone-maintenance-treatment-over-a-15-year-period-among-homeless-adults-experiencing-mental-illness
#10
Milad Parpouchi, Akm Moniruzzaman, Stefanie N Rezansoff, Angela Russolillo, Julian M Somers
Background: Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has important protective effects related to reduced illicit opioid use, infectious disease transmission, and overdose mortality. Adherence to MMT has not been examined among homeless people. We measured MMT adherence and reported relevant characteristics among homeless adults experiencing mental illness in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Material and methods: Homeless adults living with mental illness who had received MMT prior to the baseline interview of the Vancouver At Home study ( n = 78) were included in analyses...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449049/extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-national-study-of-antimicrobial-treatment-for-pediatric-urinary-tract-infection
#11
M Lagree, S Bontemps, R Dessein, F Angoulvant, F Madhi, A Martinot, R Cohen, F Dubos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical practices for ESBL-producing urinary tract infection (UTI) in France. METHODS: We performed an observational, retrospective, cross-sectional, hospital-based study in 22 pediatric departments of university or secondary care hospitals. We collected data of the last five patients presenting with ESBL-producing UTI in 2012 and the physicians' therapeutic approach to two case vignettes of acute non-septic ESBL-producing pyelonephritis (7-month-old girl) and cystitis (30-month-old girl)...
February 12, 2018: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448846/are-infectious-diseases-and-microbiology-new-fields-for-thermal-therapy-research
#12
Deniz Gazel, Mehmet Yılmaz
Antimicrobial chemotherapy and surgery are classical methods for treating infectious diseases. However, there is a need for alternative methods to cure infections caused by antibiotic-resistant pathogens, recurrent or chronic infections, and unreachable local infections in which the use of drugs or surgery is anatomically and physically restricted. Several microorganisms are known to be sensitive to mild hyperthermia, and this sensitivity is one of the potential benefits proposed for the host during an episode of fever...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446732/biomedical-potentialities-of-taraxacum-officinale-based-nanoparticles-biosynthesized-using-methanolic-leaf-extract
#13
Tahir Rasheed, Muhammad Bilal, Chuanlong Li, Hafiz M N Iqbal
BACKGROUND: In the present study, the potential of methanolic leaf extract of Taraxacum officinale plant as a function of bio-inspired green synthesis for the fabrication of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) has been explored. METHODS: The bio-reduction of aqueous silver nitrate (AgNO3) solution was confirmed by visually detecting the color change from pale yellow to blackish-brown. Maximum absorbance was observed at 420 nm due to the presence of characteristic surface Plasmon resonance of nano silver by UV-visible spectroscopy...
February 14, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446074/a-hitchhiker-s-guide-to-humanized-mice-new-pathways-to-studying-viral-infections
#14
REVIEW
J K Skelton, A M Ortega-Prieto, M Dorner
Humanized mice are increasingly appreciated as an incredibly powerful platform for infectious disease research. The often very narrow species tropism of many viral infections, coupled with the sometimes-misleading results from preclinical studies in animal models (e.g. fatal immune reactions in the PEARL study 1 ) further emphasize the need for more predictive model systems based on human cells rather than surrogates. Humanized mice represent such a model and have been greatly enhanced in regards to their immune system reconstitution as well as immune functionality in the past years, resulting in their recommendation as pre-clinical model by the US Food and Drug Administration...
February 15, 2018: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441052/harnessing-the-mtor-pathway-for-tuberculosis-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Pooja Singh, Selvakumar Subbian
Tuberculosis (TB) remains as one of the leading killer infectious diseases of humans. At present, the standard therapeutic regimen to treat TB comprised of multiple antibiotics administered for a minimum of six months. Although these drugs are useful in controlling TB burden globally, they have not eliminated the disease. In addition, the lengthy duration of treatment with multiple drugs contributes to patient non-compliance that can result in the development of drug resistant strains (MDR and XDR) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), the causative agent of TB...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438494/artificial-intelligence-in-drug-combination-therapy
#16
Igor F Tsigelny
Currently, the development of medicines for complex diseases requires the development of combination drug therapies. It is necessary because in many cases, one drug cannot target all necessary points of intervention. For example, in cancer therapy, a physician often meets a patient having a genomic profile including more than five molecular aberrations. Drug combination therapy has been an area of interest for a while, for example the classical work of Loewe devoted to the synergism of drugs was published in 1928-and it is still used in calculations for optimal drug combinations...
February 9, 2018: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436997/pyrazole-schiff-base-hybrid-as-an-anti-malarial-agent-synthesis-in-vitro-screening-and-molecular-docking-study
#17
Shilpy Aggarwal, Deepika Paliwal, Dhirender Kaushik, Girish Kumar Gupta, Ajay Kumar
BACKGROUND: Malaria, one of the most vital infectious diseases caused by protozoan parasites of the Plasmodium genus. As P. falciparum, the cause of most of the severe cases of malaria, is increasingly resistant to available drugs such as amodioquine, chloroquine, artemisinin, and antifolates, there is an urgent need of identify new targets for chemotherapy Objective: This study screened novel pyrazole derivatives carrying iminium & benzothiazole group for antimalarial potential against P...
February 12, 2018: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436993/the-modification-and-design-of-antimicrobial-peptide
#18
Yidan Gao, Hengtong Fang, Lu Fang, Dawei Liu, Jinsong Liu, Menghan Su, Zhi Fang, Wenzhi Ren, Huping Jiao
The antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are a group of unique naturally occurring anti-microbial compounds with around 50 amino acids. It represents promising therapeutic agents to the infectious disease without concerning about drug resistance. However, commercial development of these peptides for even the simplest application has been hindered by the limitations of sources, instability, toxicity and bioavailability. To improve the properties of the artificial synthesized AMPs, the modification and design are the hotspots of the AMPs research...
February 13, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433958/an-ontology-driven-clinical-decision-support-system-iddap-for-infectious-disease-diagnosis-and-antibiotic-prescription
#19
Ying Shen, Kaiqi Yuan, Daoyuan Chen, Joël Colloc, Min Yang, Yaliang Li, Kai Lei
BACKGROUND: The available antibiotic decision-making systems were developed from a physician's perspective. However, because infectious diseases are common, many patients desire access to knowledge via a search engine. Although the use of antibiotics should, in principle, be subject to a doctor's advice, many patients take them without authorization, and some people cannot easily or rapidly consult a doctor. In such cases, a reliable antibiotic prescription support system is needed. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study describes the construction and optimization of the sensitivity and specificity of a decision support system named IDDAP, which is based on ontologies for infectious disease diagnosis and antibiotic therapy...
February 9, 2018: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433346/mannosylated-solid-lipid-nanoparticles-for-the-selective-delivery-of-rifampicin-to-macrophages
#20
Alexandre C C Vieira, Luíse L Chaves, Marina Pinheiro, Sofia A Costa Lima, Domingos Ferreira, Bruno Sarmento, Salette Reis
Tuberculosis (TB) is still a devastating disease and more people have died of TB than any other infectious diseases throughout the history. The current therapy consists of a multidrug combination in a long-term treatment, being associated with the appearance of several adverse effects. Thus, solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) were developed using mannose as a lectin receptor ligand conjugate for macrophage targeting and to increase the therapeutic index of rifampicin (RIF). The developed SLNs were studied in terms of diameter, polydispersity index, zeta potential, encapsulation efficiency (EE) and loading capacity (LC)...
February 12, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
keyword
keyword
32974
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"