keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Risky behaviour

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215265/intrinsic-and-extrinsic-predictors-of-video-gaming-behaviour-and-adolescent-bedtimes-the-relationship-between-flow-states-self-perceived-risk-taking-device-accessibility-parental-regulation-of-media-and-bedtime
#1
Lisa J Smith, Michael Gradisar, Daniel L King, Michelle Short
How computer games affect the time at which adolescents go to bed is of growing research interest; however, the intrinsic individual and extrinsic sociocultural factors mediating the relationship between gaming and sleep have received minimal attention. This paper investigates how gaming duration mediates the relationship between intrinsic factors (perception of risky events and flow) and extrinsic factors (parental regulation and media accessibility) and adolescent bedtime. Adolescents (N = 422; age = 16...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193714/contributors-to-pedestrian-distraction-and-risky-behaviours-during-road-crossings-in-romania
#2
Cara Hamann, Diana Dulf, Erika Baragan-Andrada, Morgan Price, Corinne Peek-Asa
OBJECTIVE: Pedestrian fatalities due to collisions with motor vehicles are a large public health problem in Romania, ranking them among the highest in Eastern Europe. The purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of crash factors by examining how roadway and environmental characteristics contribute to pedestrian distraction and risky behaviours at pedestrian MVC (PMVC) locations in Cluj County, Romania. METHODS: A sample of PMVC locations was selected from the 2010 Cluj County police reported crash database for on-site examination...
February 13, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182965/simultaneous-use-of-alcohol-with-methamphetamine-but-not-ecstasy-linked-with-aggression-among-young-adult-stimulant-users
#3
Ellen M Leslie, Andrew Smirnov, Adrian Cherney, Helene Wells, Margot Legosz, Robert Kemp, Jake M Najman
INTRODUCTION: Illicit stimulants are often combined with alcohol in nightlife entertainment districts, an environment where aggressive behaviour commonly occurs. While alcohol and methamphetamine use are each associated with aggressive behaviour, relatively little is known about the impact of the combined use of alcohol and amphetamine-type stimulants (i.e., ecstasy [MDMA] and methamphetamine) on aggression. METHOD: Analysis of longitudinal data from a population-based sample of Australian young adult amphetamine-type stimulant users (n=248) to examine: (a) prevalence and timing of simultaneous alcohol and amphetamine-type stimulant use and (b) predictors of ecstasy- and methamphetamine-related aggression and hostility...
February 2, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160684/major-depressive-disorder-and-suicidality-in-early-hiv-infection-and-its-association-with-risk-factors-and-negative-outcomes-as-seen-in-semi-urban-and-rural-uganda
#4
Eugene Kinyanda, Noeline Nakasujja, Jonathan Levin, Harriet Birabwa, Richard Mpango, Heiner Grosskurth, Soraya Seedat, Vikram Patel
INTRODUCTION: There is a paucity of research into the psychiatric problems associated with early stage HIV clinical disease in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: A cross sectional study was undertaken among 899 adult ART naïve persons in early stage HIV clinical disease (participants with CD4≥250 and who were at WHO clinical Stage I or II) attending a semi-urban and a rural clinic in Uganda. RESULTS: The prevalence of major depressive disorder in this study was 14...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155316/characteristics-of-street-children-in-cameroon-a-situational-analysis-of-demographic-socio-economic-and-behavioural-profiles-and-challenges
#5
Samuel N Cumber, Joyce M Tsoka-Gwegweni
INTRODUCTION: The issue of street children is one of the global social problems rising in low- and middle-income countries. These children are vulnerable, but because of a lack of sufficient information, it is very difficult for stakeholders to address their plight in Cameroon. AIM: To examine the situation and characteristics of street children in three Cameroonian cities. OBJECTIVES: To describe the demographic, socio-economic and behavioural profiles of street children...
November 18, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154003/ethics-of-a-relaxed-antidoping-rule-accompanied-by-harm-reduction-measures
#6
Bengt Kayser, Jan Tolleneer
Harm-reduction approaches are used to reduce the burden of risky human behaviour without necessarily aiming to stop the behaviour. We discuss what an introduction of harm reduction for doping in sports would mean in parallel with a relaxation of the antidoping rule. We analyse what is ethically at stake in the following five levels: (1) What would it mean for the athlete (the self)? (2) How would it impact other athletes (the other)? (3) How would it affect the phenomenon of sport as a game and its fair play basis (the play)? (4) What would be the consequences for the spectator and the role of sports in society (the display)? and (5) What would it mean for what some consider as essential to being human (humanity)? For each level, we present arguments for and against doping and then discuss what a harm-reduction approach, within a dynamic regime of a partially relaxed antidoping rule, could imply...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145220/the-clinical-effectiveness-of-individual-behaviour-change-interventions-to-reduce-risky-sexual-behaviour-after-a-negative-human-immunodeficiency-virus-test-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-systematic-and-realist-reviews-and-intervention-development
#7
Paul Flowers, Olivia Wu, Karen Lorimer, Bipasha Ahmed, Hannah Hesselgreaves, Jennifer MacDonald, Sandi Cayless, Sharon Hutchinson, Lawrie Elliott, Ann Sullivan, Dan Clutterbuck, Michael Rayment, Lisa McDaid
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) experience significant inequalities in health and well-being. They are the group in the UK at the highest risk of acquiring a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Guidance relating to both HIV infection prevention, in general, and individual-level behaviour change interventions, in particular, is very limited. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an evidence synthesis of the clinical effectiveness of behaviour change interventions to reduce risky sexual behaviour among MSM after a negative HIV infection test...
January 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143542/ethnicity-gender-and-risky-sexual-behaviour-among-nigeria-youth-an-alternative-explanation
#8
Clifford Odimegwu, Oluwaseyi Dolapo Somefun
BACKGROUND: While studies in demography and public health have acknowledged the role of ethnic differences, the influence of ethnicity on youth sexual behaviour in Nigeria has received little or no attention. It is important to know how cultural norms and gender roles, which vary by ethnicity, may promote or prevent risky behaviour. Such information could provide insights into previously undetected sexual behaviour in multi-ethnic situations. METHODS: The Nigeria Demographic and Health Surveys (NDHS) for 2003, 2008 and 2013 were pooled to examine the relationship between ethnicity and youth sexual reproductive health, proxied by age at sexual debut, multiple sexual partners (MSP) and condom use at last sexual activity, among the 6304 females and 1549 males who reported being sexually active in the four weeks preceding the survey...
January 31, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122536/risky-hiv-sexual-behavior-and-utilization-of-voluntary-counseling-and-hiv-testing-and-associated-factors-among-undergraduate-students-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#9
Desalegn Woldeyohannes, Yehenew Asmamaw, Solomon Sisay, Werissaw Hailesselassie, Kidist Birmeta, Zinaye Tekeste
BACKGROUND: HIV/AIDS is a major public health problem in Ethiopia. University students are often a young and sexually active group that is at risk of acquiring and transmitting HIV. We assessed risky HIV sexual behaviors and utilization of voluntary counseling and testing services among undergraduate students at Addis Ababa Science and Technology University, Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between May and June, 2013. Standardized semi-structured self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data...
January 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120644/risk-behaviours-and-prevalences-of-hiv-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-female-sex-workers-in-various-venues-in-changzhou-china
#10
Yanli Guo, Xiaoguo Xu, Gengfeng Fu, Xiping Huan, Ning Jiang, Yueping Yin, Xiangsheng Chen
Female sex workers (FSWs) play an important role in the heterosexual transmission of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in China. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 609 FSWs from various venues in Changzhou to investigate risk behaviours and prevalences of HIV and STIs among FSW subgroups. Structured questionnaires were used in face-to-face interviews to collect information. Blood and cervical specimens were collected to test for HIV, syphilis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infections...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118026/literature-review-on-risky-driving-videos-on-youtube-unknown-effects-and-areas-for-concern
#11
Evelyn Vingilis, Zümrüt Yıldırım-Yenier, Larissa Vingilis-Jaremko, Christine Wickens, Jane Seeley, Judy Fleiter, Daniel H Grushka
OBJECTIVE: Entry of terms reflective of extreme risky driving behaviours into the YouTube website yields millions of videos. The majority of the top 20 highly subscribed automotive YouTube websites are focused on high performance vehicles, high speed and often risky driving. Moreover, young men are the heaviest users of online video sharing sites, overall streaming more videos and watching them longer than any other group. The purpose of the paper is to review the literature on YouTube videos and risky driving...
January 24, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115419/parental-separation-in-childhood-and-adult-smoking-in-the-1958-british-birth-cohort
#12
Sarah E Martindale, Rebecca E Lacey
BACKGROUND: Parental separation or divorce is a known risk factor for poorer adult health. One mechanism may operate through the uptake of risky health behaviours, such as smoking. This study investigated the association between parental separation and adult smoking in a large British birth cohort and also examined potential socioeconomic, relational and psychosocial mediators. Differences by gender and timing of parental separation were also assessed. METHODS: Multiply imputed data on 11 375 participants of the National Child Development Study (the 1958 British birth cohort) were used...
January 23, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110108/boys-are-not-exempt-sexual-exploitation-of-adolescents-in-sub-saharan-africa
#13
Jones K Adjei, Elizabeth M Saewyc
Research on youth sexual exploitation in Africa has largely neglected the experiences of exploited boys. To date, much of the research in sub-Saharan Africa continues to consider boys mainly as exploiters but not as exploited. Using the only publicly available population-based surveys from the National Survey of Adolescents, conducted in four sub-Saharan African countries - Burkina Faso, Ghana, Malawi, and Uganda-we assessed factors associated with transactional sexual behaviour among never-married adolescent boys and girls...
January 18, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109270/clustering-of-risk-related-modifiable-behaviours-and-their-association-with-overweight-and-obesity-among-a-large-sample-of-youth-in-the-compass-study
#14
Rachel E Laxer, Ross C Brownson, Joel A Dubin, Martin Cooke, Ashok Chaurasia, Scott T Leatherdale
BACKGROUND: Canadian youth exhibit a number of risky behaviours, some of which are associated with overweight and obesity. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of 15 modifiable risk behaviours in a large sample of Canadian youth, to identify underlying subgroups based on patterns of health behaviours, and to examine the association between identified subgroups and overweight/obesity. METHODS: Data from 18,587 grades 9-12 students in Year 1 (2012-13) of the COMPASS study and latent class analysis were used to identify patterns and clustering among 15 health behaviours (e...
January 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107787/hiv-rapid-testing-in-the-framework-of-an-sti-prevention-project-on-a-cohort-of-vulnerable-italians-and-immigrants
#15
Ilaria Uccella, Alessio Petrelli, Maria Fenicia Vescio, Silvia De Carolis, Cecilia Fazioli, Patrizio Pezzotti, Gianni Rezza
INTRODUCTION: Uptake of HIV tests is a challenging issue in vulnerable populations including immigrants, normally using standard diagnostic tools. Objectives of this study were to evaluate the acceptability of HIV rapid test; estimate the percentage of newly HIV diagnoses and evaluate knowledge, attitudes and perception (KAP) about HIV/AIDS and other STIs in a specific set of immigrants and vulnerable population in Rome (Italy). METHODS: All immigrant and Italian people, aged 16-70 years, attending the infectious disease outpatient clinic of the National Institute for Health, Migration and Poverty (INMP) in Rome (Italy), during the period December 2012 to December 2013 were enrolled...
January 20, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105552/differentiating-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-risky-drinking-a-role-for-outcome-expectancies-and-self-efficacy-beliefs
#16
Penelope Hasking
Social cognitive theory articulates a role for two key thought processes in governing volitional behaviour: outcome expectancies and self-efficacy expectancies. These cognitions are behaviour-specific, and should thus differentiate people who engage in one behaviour over another. This paper presents the results of a study applying social cognitive theory to explore how outcome expectancies and self-efficacy expectancies differentially relate to non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and risky alcohol use amongst a sample of young adults...
January 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103937/the-influence-of-marketing-on-the-sports-betting-attitudes-and-consumption-behaviours-of-young-men-implications-for-harm-reduction-and-prevention-strategies
#17
Emily G Deans, Samantha L Thomas, Jeffrey Derevensky, Mike Daube
BACKGROUND: Gambling can cause significant health and social harms for individuals, their families, and communities. While many studies have explored the individual factors that may lead to and minimise harmful gambling, there is still limited knowledge about the broader range of factors that may contribute to gambling harm. There are significant regulations to prevent the marketing of some forms of gambling but comparatively limited regulations relating to the marketing of newer forms of online gambling such as sports betting...
January 19, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101953/associations-between-participation-in-family-activities-and-adolescent-school-problems
#18
S S Goldfarb, J L Locher, J Preskitt, D Becker, S L Davies, B Sen
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent risk outcomes related to school issues are widespread, with about 20% parents reporting poor school engagement amongst their youth. Previous literature suggests that adolescents who report strong bonds with their parents are often identified as being less likely to engage in risky behaviours, such as substance use. The current study sought to examine the association between the frequencies of selected family activities and school problems amongst adolescents after adjustments for family connectedness and other characteristics...
January 18, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095278/awareness-of-hiv-transmission-risks-and-determinants-of-sexual-behaviour-descriptive-and-multivariate-analyses-among-german-nursing-students
#19
Carolin Jacob, Katharina von Lindeman, Jörg Klewer, Joachim Kugler
AIM: Nursing students play a crucial role in sexual health education. Evidence suggests, however, that nursing students had several gaps in their knowledge of HIV transmission. This study investigates how nursing students in Germany assess the potential risks of spreading HIV in defined situations and which factors influence the self-expressed sexual behaviour patterns of these students. METHODS: A standardized anonymous questionnaire was administered to a sample (N=617) of nursing students in 2008 and 2013...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081519/interoception-and-psychopathology-a-developmental-neuroscience-perspective
#20
REVIEW
Jennifer Murphy, Rebecca Brewer, Caroline Catmur, Geoffrey Bird
Interoception refers to the perception of the physiological condition of the body, including hunger, temperature, and heart rate. There is a growing appreciation that interoception is integral to higher-order cognition. Indeed, existing research indicates an association between low interoceptive sensitivity and alexithymia (a difficulty identifying one's own emotion), underscoring the link between bodily and emotional awareness. Despite this appreciation, the developmental trajectory of interoception across the lifespan remains under-researched, with clear gaps in our understanding...
February 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
32973
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"