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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731855/seeking-sexual-health-information-professionals-novel-experiences-of-the-barriers-that-prevent-female-adolescents-seeking-sexual-health-information
#1
Kerry McKellar, Linda Little, Michael A Smith, Elizabeth Sillence
Objective Sexual health professionals are key stakeholders in implementing sexual health intervention programmes, yet their views are largely absent from the literature. Sexual health professionals provide a unique perspective on teen sexual health issues as they engage in confidential discussions with a wide range of teenagers. This study aimed to provide an in-depth exploration of professionals' perceptions of teenagers' sexual health information seeking practices and barriers. Furthermore, the research provided a unique re-examination of key predictors of risky sexual behaviours, which have been highlighted by previous research...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725870/human-factors-in-cybersecurity-examining-the-link-between-internet-addiction-impulsivity-attitudes-towards-cybersecurity-and-risky-cybersecurity-behaviours
#2
Lee Hadlington
The present study explored the relationship between risky cybersecurity behaviours, attitudes towards cybersecurity in a business environment, Internet addiction, and impulsivity. 538 participants in part-time or full-time employment in the UK completed an online questionnaire, with responses from 515 being used in the data analysis. The survey included an attitude towards cybercrime and cybersecurity in business scale, a measure of impulsivity, Internet addiction and a 'risky' cybersecurity behaviours scale...
July 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720106/caretaker-adolescent-communication-on-sexual-and-reproductive-health-a-cross-sectional-study-in-unguja-tanzania-zanzibar
#3
Saada A Seif, Thecla W Kohi, Candida S Moshiro
BACKGROUND: Caretakers/parents/caregivers/guardians play important roles in improving Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) of adolescents. Caretaker-adolescent sexual communication suggested to influence young people's sexual behaviours. Despite this significance, the communication is believed to be low in Unguja due to the increase of risky sexual behaviours among adolescents. This study assessed the pattern of such communication using IMB model as a framework. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study targeted caretakers of adolescents aged 15-19...
July 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708203/medical-treatment-of-erectile-dysfunction-too-many-medical-prescriptions
#4
Paolo Capogrosso, Eugenio Ventimiglia, Davide Oreggia, Andrea Salonia, Francesco Montorsi
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a worldwide commonly reported condition; epidemiological data showed a prevalence ranging from 2.3 to 53.4% within different population subsets. In this context, the advent of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5is) in the second mid of 1990s has deeply changed the treatment scenario of this bothersome condition. Being user-friendly compounds with an excellent overall safety profile, PDE5is emerged as the first-line treatment for ED, thus overcoming topical alprostadil and intracavernous injections (ICIs)...
July 5, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704407/variations-in-achievement-of-evidence-based-high-impact-quality-indicators-in-general-practice-an-observational-study
#5
Thomas A Willis, Robert West, Bruno Rushforth, Tim Stokes, Liz Glidewell, Paul Carder, Simon Faulkner, Robbie Foy
BACKGROUND: There are widely recognised variations in the delivery and outcomes of healthcare but an incomplete understanding of their causes. There is a growing interest in using routinely collected 'big data' in the evaluation of healthcare. We developed a set of evidence-based 'high impact' quality indicators (QIs) for primary care and examined variations in achievement of these indicators using routinely collected data in the United Kingdom (UK). METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of routinely collected, electronic primary care data from a sample of general practices in West Yorkshire, UK (n = 89)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688012/sex-differences-in-risk-based-decision-making-in-adolescents-with-conduct-disorder
#6
Justina Sidlauskaite, Karen González-Madruga, Areti Smaragdi, Roberta Riccelli, Ignazio Puzzo, Molly Batchelor, Harriet Cornwell, Luke Clark, Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke, Graeme Fairchild
Altered decision making processes and excessive risk-seeking behaviours are key features of conduct disorder (CD). Previous studies have provided compelling evidence of abnormally increased preference for risky options, higher sensitivity to rewards, as well as blunted responsiveness to aversive outcomes in adolescents with CD. However, most studies published to date have focused on males only; thus, it is not known whether females with CD show similar alterations in decision making. The current study investigated potential sex differences in decision making and risk-seeking behaviours in adolescents with CD...
July 7, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675092/introducing-experiment-in-pedestrian-behaviour-and-risk-perception-study-at-urban-level-crossing
#7
Danijela Barić, Hrvoje Pilko, Martin Starčević
Given the high risk of severe accidents at level crossings (LCs), this study examined legal and illegal crossings by pedestrians and cyclists at a high-traffic LC in Zagreb, Croatia. Survey data and field observations were collected to identify reasons for risky behaviour. Behaviour was observed under normal conditions and in the presence of various safety measures in order to identify measures that can reduce risky behaviour. Results show that the presence of police officer at the LC was most effective at reducing illegal crossings, while the presence of cameras contributes significantly as well, especially after safety educational campaign when illegal crossing decreases for 59...
July 4, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668342/animal-house-university-risk-environments-and-the-regulation-of-students-alcohol-use
#8
Blair Wilkinson, Andrew Ivsins
BACKGROUND: This article extends the risk environment framework to understand the factors that universities identify as influencing university students' risky drinking behaviours and universities attempts at managing risky alcohol use on their campuses. METHODS: This article examines data collected as part of qualitative fieldwork on university corporate security services, and others involved in university alcohol policy implementation (e.g., residence services), conducted at five Canadian universities...
June 29, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667942/effects-of-parental-alcohol-rules-on-risky-drinking-and-related-problems-in-adolescence-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Sonia Sharmin, Kypros Kypri, Masuma Khanam, Monika Wadolowski, Raimondo Bruno, John Attia, Elizabeth Holliday, Kerrin Palazzi, Richard P Mattick
BACKGROUND: It is unclear what effect parents' rules about their children's alcohol use have on drinking in adolescence. This review and meta-analysis investigated associations between prospectively measured parental alcohol rules and later adolescent risky drinking. METHODS: Using the PRISMA guidelines, we searched eight electronic databases for a variety of terms up to 10 September 2016. We imposed no restrictions on publication year. We assessed the risk of bias and conducted a meta-analysis...
June 20, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664570/swedish-population-based-study-of-pupils-showed-that-foster-children-faced-increased-risks-for-ill-health-negative-lifestyles-and-school-failure
#10
Lisbet Engh, Staffan Janson, Birgitta Svensson, Carl-Gustaf Bornehag, Ulla-Britt Eriksson
AIM: This population-based study explored if foster children faced a higher risk of health problems than children of the same age who were not in foster care. METHODS: Data for 13,739 pupils aged 10, 13 and 16 years were obtained from the Pupil Health Database in the county of Värmland, Sweden, for the school years 2012/2013 and 2013/2014. These included data on school performance, health, lifestyle and social relationships, based on children's interviews with school nurses...
June 30, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662319/effect-of-primary-preventive-examination-with-cardiorespiratory-fitness-test
#11
Šárka Kunzová, Jindřich Fiala, Pavel Řimák, Petr Kaňovský
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the potential of free comprehensive primary preventive examination (CPPE) combined with cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) test in terms of its attractiveness for general population and moreover to evaluate the induced behavioural changes. The main focus was on physical activity behaviour (PA). METHODS: In 2009-2013, 250 people (100 men, 150 women) aged 18-65 years were examined. CPPE included assessment of health status and lifestyle, CRF test and individualized counselling...
June 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647501/driving-simulators-in-the-clinical-assessment-of-fitness-to-drive-in-sleepy-individuals-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
David R Schreier, Christina Banks, Johannes Mathis
Road traffic injuries are projected to be the leading cause of death for those aged between 15 and 29 years by the year 2030, and sleepiness is estimated to be the underlying cause in up to 15-20% of all motor vehicle accidents. Sleepiness at the wheel is most often caused by socially induced sleep deprivation or poor sleep hygiene in otherwise healthy individuals, medical disorders, or the intake of drugs. Validated methods for objectifying sleepiness are urgently sought, particularly in the context of driving...
May 4, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643448/post-conditioning-with-metformin-attenuates-apoptotic-events-in-cardiomyoblasts-associated-with-ischemic-reperfusion-injury
#13
Rajesh Ramachandran, Mini S
Ischemic post-conditioning is considered as a potent method to combat ischemic reperfusion injury than pre-conditioning since the latter is non predictive and risky. Rapid initiation of reperfusion with potent anti oxidant compound can be one of the most effective treatments to reduce the infract size and behavioural deficits as a result of ischemic insult. Apoptosis/Necrotic events undisputedly hold significant role in determining the fate of cardiomyocytes post ischemic injury but current studies are speculative regrading the role of post-conditioning in maintaining cellular homeostasis...
June 23, 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643241/socio-demographic-characteristics-sexual-and-test-seeking-behaviours-amongst-men-who-have-sex-with-both-men-and-women-results-from-a-bio-behavioural-survey-in-13-european-cities
#14
Massimo Mirandola, Lorenzo Gios, Nigel Sherriff, John Pachankis, Igor Toskin, Laia Ferrer, Sónia Dias, Inga Velicko, Danica Staneková, Saulius Caplinskas, Emilia Naseva, Marta Niedźwiedzka-Stadnik
Within the MSM population, men who have sex with both men and women (MSMW) are identified as a high-risk group both worldwide and in Europe. In a multi-centred bio-behavioural cross-sectional study, we aimed to assess the relationship(s) between socio-demographic factors, stigma, sexual behavioural patterns, test seeking behaviour and sero-status amongst MSMW. A multi-level analysis was conducted to identify factors associated with being MSMW versus Men who have Sex with Men Only (MSMO). A total of 4901 MSM were enrolled across the 13 study sites...
June 22, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639512/the-relationship-between-nairobi-adolescents-media-use-and-their-sexual-beliefs-and-attitudes
#15
Ann Neville Miller, William Kinnally, Hellen Maleche, Nancy Achieng' Booker
Adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa are at risk for contracting HIV. Although media campaigns have educated the population as a whole, few studies are available about the time sub-Saharan African youth spend listening to and viewing sexual messages via the entertainment and informational media. The goals of this project were: 1) to investigate what programming Nairobi adolescents access; and 2) to investigate the association between frequency of access and level of focus on physical relationships with adolescents' perceptions of descriptive norms of peer sexual behaviour, and their attitudes regarding men as sex driven, women as sex objects, and dating as a sport...
June 22, 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639475/ecological-correlates-of-multiple-sexual-partnerships-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-urban-cape-town-a-cumulative-risk-factor-approach
#16
Evans Muchiri, Clifford Odimegwu, Pamela Banda, Lorreta Ntoimo, Sunday Adedini
Studies in South Africa have reported unsafe levels of risky sexual behvaiours among adolescents and young adults, with the country reporting the highest burden of HIV/AIDS globally, as well as a high rate of teenage pregnancy. While determinants of risky sexual behaviours have been investigated for factors occurring at the individual and household levels, not fully explored in the literature is the effect of community level factors. Furthermore, it is unclear whether risk factors occurring within the ecology of adolescents and young adults act cumulatively to influence their sexual practices...
June 22, 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632035/a-comprehensive-study-of-worldwide-selfie-related-accidental-mortality-a-growing-problem-of-the-modern-society
#17
Mohit J Jain, Kinjal J Mavani
Since Oxford dictionary has described 'Selfie', selfie deaths have received a fair amount of coverage but the extent of the problem and the data behind it have not been appropriately explored. The aim of our study is to obtain epidemiological characteristics of selfie-related mortality worldwide with the objective of providing an insight to 'Why selfie', 'Why risky', 'Psychological basis' and 'measures of control.' Despite thousands of web pages, very few scientific articles are available in medical journals...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618838/regression-tree-analysis-of-ecological-momentary-assessment-data
#18
Ben Richardson, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Renee O'Donnell, Mathew Ling, Petra K Staiger
An increasingly popular form of data collection in health psychology research is Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA); that is, using diaries or smartphones to collect intensive longitudinal data. This method is increasingly applied to the study of relationships between state-based aspects of individuals' functioning and health outcomes (e.g., binge eating, alcohol use). Analysis of such data is challenging and regression tree modelling (RTM) may be a useful alternative to multilevel modeling for investigating the association between a set of explanatory variables and a continuous outcome...
June 16, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615181/fifteen-minute-consultation-communicating-with-young-people-how-to-use-heeadsss-a-psychosocial-interview-for-adolescents
#19
Montserrat Doukrou, Terry Yvonne Segal
Adolescents undergo a period of biological, social and psychosocial development, and each of these domains impacts each other. Psychosocial areas of concern often emerge over the adolescent period (such as mental health conditions, drug use and risky sexual behaviour); those with chronic illness being at higher risk. The paper aims to guide health practitioners on when and how to approach the psychosocial interview with young people and assess areas of risk or concern. This will include putting them at ease, developing rapport, seeing them alone and explaining confidentiality before commencing the assessment...
June 14, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610653/prospective-cohort-study-of-childhood-behaviour-problems-and-adolescent-sexual-risk-taking-gender-matters
#20
S Rachel Skinner, Jennifer Marino, Susan L Rosenthal, Jeffrey Cannon, Dorota A Doherty, Martha Hickey
Background: Externalising (delinquent, aggressive) and internalising (anxious/depressed, withdrawn) behaviour problems are prevalent in childhood. Few studies have prospectively measured relationships between childhood behaviour problems and adolescent health risk behaviour, a major predictor of morbidity and mortality. This study sought to determine relationships, by gender, between childhood behaviour problems and adolescent risky sexual behaviours and substance use. Methods: In a population-based birth cohort [The Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study], total, externalising and internalising behaviour problems (domain-specific T≥60) were calculated from parent-reported Child Behavior Checklist at ages 2, 5, 8, 10 and 14 years...
June 14, 2017: Sexual Health
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