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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917766/psychosocial-risk-and-protective-factors-associated-with-perpetration-of-gender-based-violence-in-a-community-sample-of-men-in-rural-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#1
N Mngoma, S Fergus, A Jeeves, R Jolly
BACKGROUND: Rates of gender-based violence (GBV) in South Africa (SA) are among the highest in the world. In societies where social ideals of masculinity encourage male dominance and control over women, gender power imbalances contribute to male perpetration and women's vulnerability. The drivers that cause men to perpetrate GBV and those that lead to HIV overlap and interact in multiple and complex ways. Multiple risk and protective factors for GBV perpetration by males operate interdependently at a number of levels; at the individual level, these include chronic anxiety and depression, which have been shown to lead to risky sexual behaviours...
December 1, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910258/the-role-of-individual-and-personality-factors-in-controlling-risky-behaviours-related-to-aids-proposing-a-causal-model
#2
Mansour Rezaei, Ali Zakiei, Soheyla Reshadat, Seyed Ramin Ghasemi
BACKGROUND: Investigating previous studies show that personality traits have an important role in controlling risky behaviours related to AIDS; therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between AIDS health literacy, personality traits and mental health and controlling risky behaviours related to AIDS through self-efficacy. METHODS: The statistical population includes all the young people in western provinces of Iran, 2015. Data analysis was carried out for a sample of 756 participants (59% female)...
December 2, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908449/gender-differences-in-the-association-between-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-risky-sexual-behaviours-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, Joemer Calderon Maravilla, Gail Williams, Jake Moses Najman
This meta-analytic review examines the association between childhood sexual abuse and risky sexual behaviours with sub-group analyses by gender. Systematic searches of electronic databases including MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, and PsycINFO were performed using key terms. We used a priori criteria to include high quality studies and control for heterogeneities across eligible studies. The review was registered with PROSPERO and used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
November 28, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906020/targeting-vulnerable-populations-a-synthetic-review-on-alcohol-use-and-risky-sexual-behaviour-among-migrant-populations
#4
REVIEW
Emilia Maria Vaz Martins-Fonteyn, Nina Sommerland, Herman Meulemans, Olivier Degomme, Ines Raimundo, Edwin Wouters
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated a link between alcohol use and risky sexual behaviour among different types of migrant populations. Therefore, research investigating risk factors associated with alcohol consumption among them is a public health priority. This review aimed to explore the intersection between migration, alcohol consumption and risky sexual behaviour. METHODS: This article is a synthetic review of empirical studies on the association of alcohol and high-risk sexual behaviour among different types of the migrant populations, focusing on measurable outcomes generated from quantitative data...
September 22, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899098/health-risk-behaviours-amongst-school-adolescents-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Youness El Achhab, Abdelghaffar El Ammari, Hicham El Kazdouh, Adil Najdi, Mohamed Berraho, Nabil Tachfouti, Driss Lamri, Samira El Fakir, Chakib Nejjari
BACKGROUND: Determining risky behaviours of adolescents provides valuable information for designing appropriate intervention programmes for advancing adolescent's health. However, these behaviours are not fully addressed by researchers in a comprehensive approach. We report the protocol of a mixed methods study designed to investigate the health risk behaviours of Moroccan adolescents with the goal of identifying suitable strategies to address their health concerns. METHODS: We used a sequential two-phase explanatory mixed method study design...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895829/correlates-of-cannabis-use-among-high-school-students-in-shamva-district-zimbabwe-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#6
Charmaine T Chivandire, James January
BACKGROUND: We set out to determine the predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors that influence cannabis use in young people aged 13 to 19 years in Shamva District, Zimbabwe. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study focusing on the correlates of cannabis use was conducted among 311 school-going adolescents who were selected using multistage sampling. RESULTS: Eight percent of the students in our sample reported current use of cannabis...
June 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892820/addressing-adolescents-risk-and-protective-factors-related-to-risky-behaviours-findings-from-a-school-based-peer-education-evaluation-in-the-western-cape
#7
Furzana Timol, Mohammed Yacoob Vawda, Arvin Bhana, Benita Moolman, Mokhantso Makoae, Sharlene Swartz
BACKGROUND: Peer-education programmes aim to bring about attitudinal and behavioural changes in their target audience. In the South African educational context, peer education is a favoured approach in dealing with issues such as HIV and AIDS, sexual decision-making and substance misuse. Given the reliance on peer-education programmes in the educational system, it is important to establish how well they are working. This study aims to assess the effect of an extensive, structured, time-limited, curriculum-based, peer-led educational programme on first-year high school learners in public schools in the Western Cape Province of South Africa...
December 2016: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865548/household-and-caregiver-characteristics-and-behaviours-as-predictors-of-unsafe-exposure-of-children-to-paraffin-appliances
#8
A Van Niekerk, R Govender, N Hornsby, L Swart
This study examines adult safety knowledge and practices regarding the use of paraffin cooking appliances. The use of these is common in South Africa with injury risks that are poorly understood. This cross-sectional study was in an informal settlement in Johannesburg, South Africa, where children were reportedly at high risk for burns. This study sought to clarify relationships between key risks and developed individual and composite variables from theoretical constructs and operational definitions of risks for burns...
November 16, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865215/-study-of-the-sociodemographic-factors-and-risky-behaviours-associated-with-the-acquisition-of-sexual-transmitted-infections-by-foreign-exchange-students-in-portugal
#9
Andreia Gravata, Rita Castro, João Borges-Costa
BACKGROUND: Sexual transmitted infections are a main cause of morbidity, being a public health problem due to its reproductive complications, mostly observed in teenagers and young adults. The purpose of this study was to evaluate sociodemographic factors and risky behaviours associated with sexual transmitted infections acquisition and to assess personal awareness of risky behaviour and the knowledge about Chlamydia trachomatis infection between foreign exchange students in Portugal...
June 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865138/young-driver-risky-behaviour-and-predictors-of-crash-risk-in-australia-new-zealand-and-colombia-same-but-different
#10
Bridie Scott-Parker, Oscar Oviedo-Trespalacios
Young drivers remain overrepresented in road crashes around the world, with road injury the leading cause of death among adolescents. In addition, the majority of road traffic crashes, fatalities and injuries occur in low- and middle-income countries. All young drivers are at risk due to a breadth of age- and inexperience-related factors; however it is well recognised that young drivers may also intentionally engage in risky driving behaviours which increase their crash risk. The aim of this paper is to examine the self-reported risky driving behaviour of young drivers in Australia, New Zealand (high-income countries), and Colombia (middle-income country), and to explore the utility of a crash risk assessment model in these three countries...
November 16, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862615/the-reciprocal-relationship-between-bipolar-disorder-and-social-interaction-a-qualitative-investigation
#11
Rebecca Owen, Patricia Gooding, Robert Dempsey, Steven Jones
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that social support can influence relapse rates, functioning and various clinical outcomes in people with bipolar disorder. Yet 'social support' is a poorly defined construct, and the mechanisms by which it affects illness course in bipolar disorder remain largely unknown. Key aims of this study were to ascertain which facets of social interaction affect mood management in bipolar disorder, and how symptoms of bipolar disorder can influence the level of support received...
November 13, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857171/strong-interactions-between-learned-helplessness-and-risky-decision-making-in-a-rat-gambling-model
#12
José N Nobrega, Parisa S Hedayatmofidi, Daniela S Lobo
Risky decision-making is characteristic of depression and of addictive disorders, including pathological gambling. However it is not clear whether a propensity to risky choices predisposes to depressive symptoms or whether the converse is the case. Here we tested the hypothesis that rats showing risky decision-making in a rat gambling task (rGT) would be more prone to depressive-like behaviour in the learned helplessness (LH) model. Results showed that baseline rGT choice behaviour did not predict escape deficits in the LH protocol...
November 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846258/the-prevalence-of-high-risk-hpv-types-and-factors-determining-infection-in-female-colombian-adolescents
#13
Luisa Del Río-Ospina, Sara Cecilia Soto-De León, Milena Camargo, Ricardo Sánchez, Cindy Lizeth Mancilla, Manuel Elkin Patarroyo, Manuel Alfonso Patarroyo
This study reports six HR-HPV types' infection prevalence discriminated by species and multiple infection in unvaccinated Colombian female adolescents, as well as some factors modulating the risk of infection. HPV DNA for six high-risk viral types was identified in cervical samples taken from 2,134 12-19 year-old females using conventional generic and type-specific PCR. Binomial logistical regression analysis was used for modelling HR-HPV infection and multiple infection risk. The interaction between variables in a stepwise model was also included in such analysis...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831906/parental-absence-in-early-childhood-and-onset-of-smoking-and-alcohol-consumption-before-adolescence
#14
Rebecca E Lacey, Afshin Zilanawala, Elizabeth Webb, Jessica Abell, Steven Bell
BACKGROUND: Parental absence, due to death or separation from a parent, has been associated with smoking and alcohol consumption in adolescence and adulthood. The aim of this study was to investigate whether parental absence in early childhood was associated with smoking and alcohol uptake before adolescence. METHODS: Data on 10 940 children from the UK's Millennium Cohort Study were used. Logistic regression was used to test associations between parental absence (0-7 years) and reports of smoking and alcohol consumption at age 11...
October 10, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828997/the-impacts-of-using-smartphone-dating-applications-on-sexual-risk-behaviours-in-college-students-in-hong-kong
#15
Edmond Pui-Hang Choi, Janet Yuen-Ha Wong, Herman Hay-Ming Lo, Wendy Wong, Jasmine Hin-Man Chio, Daniel Yee-Tak Fong
Dating applications (apps) on smartphones have become increasingly popular. The aim of this study was to explore the association between the use of dating apps and risky sexual behaviours. Data were collected in four university campuses in Hong Kong. Subjects completed a structured questionnaire asking about the use of dating apps, sexual behaviours, and sociodemographics. Multiple linear and logistics regressions were used to explore factors associated with sexual risk behaviours. Six hundred sixty-six subjects were included in the data analysis...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827567/accident-history-risk-perception-and-traffic-safe-behaviour
#16
Robert Ngueutsa, Dongo Rémi Kouabenan
This study clarifies the associations between accident history, perception of the riskiness of road travel and traffic safety behaviours by taking into account the number and severity of accidents experienced. A sample of 525 road users in Cameroon answered a questionnaire comprising items on perception of risk, safe behaviour and personal accident history. Participants who reported involvement in more than three accidents or involvement in a severe accident perceived road travel as less risky and also reported behaving less safely compared with those involved in fewer, or less severe accidents...
November 21, 2016: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799406/alcohol-consumption-in-the-australian-coal-mining-industry
#17
Ross J Tynan, Robyn Considine, John Wiggers, Terry J Lewin, Carole James, Kerry Inder, Frances Kay-Lambkin, Amanda L Baker, Jaelea Skehan, David Perkins, Brian J Kelly
OBJECTIVES: To investigate patterns of alcohol use within the coal mining industry, and associations with the personal, social, workplace and employment characteristics. DESIGN: 8 mine sites across 3 eastern Australian states were surveyed, selected to encompass key geographic characteristics (accessibility and remoteness) and mine type (open cut and underground). Problematic alcohol use was measured using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) to determine: (1) overall risky or hazardous drinking behaviour; and (2) frequency of single-occasion drinking (6 or more drinks on 1 occasion)...
October 31, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768995/non-medical-use-of-prescription-drugs-among-illicit-drug-users-a-case-study-on-an-online-drug-forum
#18
Sanna Rönkä, Anu Katainen
BACKGROUND: The non-medical use of prescription drugs is a growing phenomenon associated with increasing health-related harms. However, little is known about the drivers of this process among illicit drug users. Our aim is to show how the qualities of pharmaceutical drugs, pharmaceutical related knowledge, online communities sharing this knowledge and medical professionals mediate and transform the consumption behaviour related to pharmaceutical drugs. METHODS: The data consist of discussion threads from an online drug use forum...
October 18, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765772/heritable-temperament-pathways-to-early-callous-unemotional-behaviour
#19
Rebecca Waller, Christopher J Trentacosta, Daniel S Shaw, Jenae M Neiderhiser, Jody M Ganiban, David Reiss, Leslie D Leve, Luke W Hyde
BACKGROUND: Early callous-unemotional behaviours identify children at risk for antisocial behaviour. Recent work suggests that the high heritability of callous-unemotional behaviours is qualified by interactions with positive parenting. AIMS: To examine whether heritable temperament dimensions of fearlessness and low affiliative behaviour are associated with early callous-unemotional behaviours and whether parenting moderates these associations. METHOD: Using an adoption sample (n = 561), we examined pathways from biological mother self-reported fearlessness and affiliative behaviour to child callous-unemotional behaviours via observed child fearlessness and affiliative behaviour, and whether adoptive parent observed positive parenting moderated pathways...
December 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730439/perceptions-of-south-african-emerging-adult-fet-college-students-on-sexual-practices-in-relation-to-religion
#20
Colleen Gail Moodley
HIV and AIDS are rapidly spreading amongst the world's 15- to 24-year age group, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Despite vigorous government interventions and campaigns, 10 % of South African youth in the age cohort 15-24 are infected with HIV and AIDS. Furthermore, for the first time in history the world has its largest number of individuals under the age of 30 years. Researchers are desperately seeking a solution and have found religion to play an important role in moderating risky sexual behaviour amongst youth...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
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