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Cancer drug delivery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231948/a-tailored-nanosheet-decorated-with-a-metallized-dendrimer-for-angiography-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-guided-combined-chemotherapy
#1
Guilong Zhang, Ruohong Du, Junchao Qian, Xiaojia Zheng, Xiaohe Tian, Dongqing Cai, Jiacai He, Yiqun Wu, Wei Huang, Yuanyin Wang, Xin Zhang, Kai Zhong, Duohong Zou, Zhengyan Wu
Considering the chemical exchange between gadolinium centers and water protons, nanosystems comprising gadolinium conjugated with high specific area nanocarriers might serve as more robust clinical tools for diagnosis and imaging-guided therapy. Herein, a pH-responsive nanosystem containing graphene oxide conjugated with a folic acid- and gadolinium-labeled dendrimer (FA-GCGLD) to boost its T1 contrast ability was developed, and doxorubicin (DOX) and colchicine (COLC) were efficiently loaded onto this nanosystem (FA-GCGLD-DOX/COLC)...
December 12, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230567/cancer-nanomedicine-a-review-of-recent-success-in-drug-delivery
#2
REVIEW
Stephanie Tran, Peter-Joseph DeGiovanni, Brandon Piel, Prakash Rai
Cancer continues to be one of the most difficult global healthcare problems. Although there is a large library of drugs that can be used in cancer treatment, the problem is selectively killing all the cancer cells while reducing collateral toxicity to healthy cells. There are several biological barriers to effective drug delivery in cancer such as renal, hepatic, or immune clearance. Nanoparticles loaded with drugs can be designed to overcome these biological barriers to improve efficacy while reducing morbidity...
December 11, 2017: Clinical and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224916/cancer-radiosensitizers
#3
REVIEW
Hao Wang, Xiaoyu Mu, Hua He, Xiao-Dong Zhang
Radiotherapy (RT) is a mainstay treatment for many types of cancer, although it is still a large challenge to enhance radiation damage to tumor tissue and reduce side effects to healthy tissue. Radiosensitizers are promising agents that enhance injury to tumor tissue by accelerating DNA damage and producing free radicals. Several strategies have been exploited to develop highly effective and low-toxicity radiosensitizers. In this review, we highlight recent progress on radiosensitizers, including small molecules, macromolecules, and nanomaterials...
December 7, 2017: Trends in Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224886/-spheroids-a-reference-model-for-in-vitro-culture-of-solid-tumors
#4
REVIEW
Christian-Jacques Larsen
The recognition that solid tumors are complex entities composed of the tumor cell mass itself and a stromal micro-environnement providing a variety of cells from the host (fibroblasts, endothelial cells, immune cells) led to recognize that this heterogeneity could not be recapitulated in vitro by conventional bidimensional (2-D) cultures. This justified numerous attempts to develop tridimensional (3-D) cultures that provided better tools for approaching tumor complexity and more convincing drug testing systems...
December 7, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223647/tat-conjugated-chitosan-cationic-micelle-for-nuclear-targeted-drug-and-gene-co-delivery
#5
Guan-Hai Wang, Yin-Yu Cai, Ji-Kun Du, Li Li, Qin Li, Hui-Kang Yang, Jian-Tao Lin
We developed a high-efficiency nucleus-targeted co-delivery vector that delivers genes and drugs directly into the nucleus of cancer cells. The system is based on grafted poly-(N-3-carbobenzyloxy-lysine) (CPCL) with transactivator of transcription (TAT)- chitosan on the surface. It is designed to perform highly efficient nucleus- targeted gene and drug co-delivery. Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) revealed that more TAT-CPCL entered the nucleus than does CPCL alone. The TAT-modified vector serves as a gene and drug co-delivery mechanism to achieve high gene transfection efficiency, high apoptosis and low viability in HeLa cells...
December 5, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222162/dual-inhibition-of-pik3c3-and-fgfr-as-a-new-therapeutic-approach-to-treat-bladder-cancer
#6
Chun-Han Chen, C Changou, Tsung-Han Hsieh, Yu-Ching Lee, Cheng-Ying Chu, Kai-Cheng Hsu, Hao-Ching Wang, Yu-Chen Lin, Yan-Ni Lo, Yun-Ru Liu, Jing-Ping Liou, Yun Yen
PURPOSE: MPT0L145 has been developed as a FGFR inhibitor exhibiting significant anti-bladder cancer activity in vitro and in vivo via promoting autophagy-dependent cell death. Here, we aim to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Autophagy flux, morphology and intracellular organelles were evaluated by western blotting, transmission electron microscope and fluorescence microscope. Molecular docking, surface plasmon resonance assay were performed to identify drug-protein interaction...
December 8, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220162/albumin-assisted-synthesis-of-ultra-small-fes2-nanodots-for-imaging-guided-photothermal-enhanced-photodynamic-therapy
#7
Qiutong Jin, Jingjing Liu, Wenjun Zhu, Ziliang Dong, Zhuang Liu, Liang Cheng
Current mainstream cancer treatment methods have their limitations. New approaches are thus desired to assist our battle against cancer. Herein, multifunctional ultra-small FeS2 nanodots with the size of 7 nm are synthesized by biomineralization and used for imaging-guided combined tumor therapy. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) which acts as the reaction template to induce the mineralization of FeS2 nanomaterials under alkaline condition, could also be used as a drug delivery system for coupling photosensitive molecule such as chlorin e6 (Ce6)...
December 8, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220150/functionalized-eu-iii-based-nanoscale-metal-organic-framework-to-achieve-near-ir-triggered-and-targeted-two-photon-absorption-photodynamic-therapy
#8
Jianguo Jia, Yang Zhang, Min Zheng, Changfu Shan, Huicheng Yan, Wenyu Wu, Xuan Gao, Bo Cheng, Weisheng Liu, Yu Tang
The postsynthetic-modified nanoscale metal-organic framework (NMOF) probes selected as potential drug delivery platforms and photodynamic therapy agents to fulfill the effective and safe treatment of neoplastic diseases have attracted increasing attention recently. Herein, a Eu(III)-based NMOF probe elaborately postsynthetically modified with a β-diketonate two-photon-absorbing (TPA) ligand is rationally designed and further functionalized by assembling the photosensitizer molecule (methylene blue, MB) in the pores and a cyclic peptide targeting motif on the surface of the NMOF, which could achieve highly efficient near-infrared (NIR)-triggered and -targeted photodynamic therapy (PDT)...
December 8, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218795/revisiting-bevacizumab%C3%A2-%C3%A2-cytotoxics-scheduling-using-mathematical-modeling-proof-of-concept-study-in-experimental-non-small-cell-lung-carcinoma
#9
Diane-Charlotte Imbs, Raouf El Cheikh, Arnaud Boyer, Joseph Ciccolini, Céline Mascaux, Bruno Lacarelle, Fabrice Barlesi, Dominique Barbolosi, Sébastien Benzekry
Concomitant administration of bevacizumab and pemetrexed-cisplatin is a common treatment for advanced nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Vascular normalization following bevacizumab administration may transiently enhance drug delivery, suggesting improved efficacy with sequential administration. To investigate optimal scheduling, we conducted a study in NSCLC-bearing mice. First, experiments demonstrated improved efficacy when using sequential vs. concomitant scheduling of bevacizumab and chemotherapy...
December 7, 2017: CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218236/psmb5-plays-a-dual-role-in-cancer-development-and-immunosuppression
#10
Chih-Yang Wang, Chung-Yen Li, Hui-Ping Hsu, Chien-Yu Cho, Meng-Chi Yen, Tzu-Yang Weng, Wei-Ching Chen, Yu-Hsuan Hung, Kuo-Ting Lee, Jui-Hsiang Hung, Yi-Ling Chen, Ming-Derg Lai
Tumor progression and metastasis are dependent on the intrinsic properties of tumor cells and the influence of microenvironment including the immune system. It would be important to identify target drug that can inhibit cancer cell and activate immune cells. Proteasome β subunits (PSMB) family, one component of the ubiquitin-proteasome system, has been demonstrated to play an important role in tumor cells and immune cells. Therefore, we used a bioinformatics approach to examine the potential role of PSMB family...
2017: American Journal of Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217761/aptamer-conjugated-extracellular-nanovesicles-for-targeted-drug-delivery
#11
Yuan Wan, Lixue Wang, Chuandong Zhu, Qin Zheng, Guoxiang Wang, Jinlong Tong, Yuan Fang, Yiqiu Xia, Gong Cheng, Xia He, Si-Yang Zheng
Extracellular nanovesicles (ENV) released by many cells contain lipids, proteins and nucleic acids that contribute to intercellular communication. ENV have emerged as biomarkers and therapeutic targets but they have also been explored as drug delivery vehicles. However, for the latter application clinical translation has been limited by low yield and inadequate targeting effects. ENV vectors with desired targeting properties can be produced from parental cells engineered to express membrane-bound targeting ligands, or they can be generated by fusion with targeting liposomes, however, neither approach has met clinical requirements...
December 7, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216759/pharmaceutical-potential-of-quantum-dots
#12
Swati Jha, Prateek Mathur, Suman Ramteke, Narendra Kumar Jain
Quantum dots (QDs) or fluorescent nanocrystals are designed nanoparticles that are promising for several biological and bio-medical applications as well as drug delivery and simultaneous cellular imaging. QD's have exhibited promising potential primarily in receptor based targeting as a result of their distinctive physicochemical properties. Functionalized QDs (f-QDs) have been developed as effective, safe, nano-sized smart systems to deliver a wide range of bio-actives. Surface modified fluorescent carbon QDs with surface modification have attracted attention as targeting ligand to accomplish cellular targeting with enhanced specificity...
December 7, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216714/fabrication-of-hyperbranched-block-statistical-copolymer-based-prodrug-with-dual-sensitivities-for-controlled-release
#13
Luping Zheng, Yunfei Wang, Xianshuo Zhang, Liwei Ma, Baoyan Wang, Xiangling Ji, Hua Wei
Dendrimer with hyperbranched structure and multivalent surface is regarded as one of the most promising candidates close to the ideal drug delivery systems, but the clinical translation and scale-up production of dendrimer has been hampered significantly by the synthetic difficulties. Therefore there is considerable scope for the development of novel hyperbranched polymer that can not only address the drawbacks of dendrimer but maintain its advantages. The reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer self-condensing vinyl polymerization (RAFT-SCVP) technique has enabled facile preparation of segmented hyperbranched polymer (SHP) by using chain transfer monomer (CTM)-based double-head agent during the past decade...
December 7, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216713/poly-2-oxazoline-pterostilbene-block-copolymer-nanoparticles-for-dual-anticancer-drug-delivery
#14
Matteo Romio, Giulia Morgese, Lucca Trachsel, Samuel Babity, Cristina Paradisi, Davide Brambilla, Edmondo Maria Benetti
Functional block-copolymers based on poly(2-oxazoline)s are versatile building blocks for the fabrication of dual-drug delivery nanoparticles (NPs) that show promising properties for the development of a anticancer chemotherapy. Core-shell NPs are fabricated from diblock-copolymers featuring a long and hydrophilic poly(2-methyl-2-oxazoline) (PMOXA) block, coupled to a relatively short and functionalizable poly(2-methylsuccinate-2-oxazoline) (PMestOXA) segment. The PMOXA block stabilizes the NP dispersions, whereas the PMestOXA segment is used to conjugate pterostilbene (PTS), a natural bioactive phenolic compound that is used as lipophilic model-drug and constitutes the hydrophobic core of the designed NPs...
December 7, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216514/modulation-of-in-vitro-phagocytic-uptake-and-immunogenicity-potential-of-modified-herceptin%C3%A2-conjugated-plga-peg-nanoparticles-for-drug-delivery
#15
Apurva Badkas, Evan Frank, Zilan Zhou, Mina Jafari, Harish Chandra, Vishnu Sriram, Joo-Youp Lee, Jagjit S Yadav
There is an increasing interest in engineered nanoparticle (NP) conjugates for targeted and controlled drug delivery. However, the practical applications of these NP delivery vehicles remain constrained because of their reactivity with the body's immune system defenses resulting in undesirable off-target effects. In this study, poly(D,L lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)-b-polyethylene glycol (PEG) NPs conjugated to different quantities of the commercial antibody Herceptin® meant to target HER2-positive breast cancer cells were studied for their immune cell uptake and immunogenic properties (using murine macrophages and human dendritic cells)...
December 4, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215573/the-use-of-liposomes-and-nanoparticles-as-drug-delivery-systems-to-improve-cancer-treatment-in-dogs-and-cats
#16
REVIEW
Katarzyna Zabielska-Koczywąs, Roman Lechowski
BACKGROUND: Cancer remains a leading cause of death in companion animals. In human medicine, liposomes and nanoparticles have been extensively investigated as drug delivery systems (DDS) for anticancer agents due to their ability to target cancerous cells and reduce the negative side effects of free cytostatic drugs. In this review, the authors discuss the results of clinical trials using liposomes and polymer-based nanoparticles as DDS to improve cancer treatment in dogs and cats, indicating which ones seem worth further evaluation...
December 7, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214808/investigation-of-cytotoxic-activity-of-mitoxantrone-at-the-individual-cell-level-by-using-ionic-liquid-tag-enhanced-mass-spectrometry
#17
Fedor A Kucherov, Ksenia S Egorova, Alexandra V Posvyatenko, Dmitry B Eremin, Valentine P Ananikov
A novel mitoxantrone conjugate was synthesized by coupling mitoxantrone with ionic liquid tags, and cytotoxic behavior of the designed conjugate was studied in normal and cancer cell lines. The synthesized mitoxantrone conjugate was oil at physiological temperatures and demonstrated high aqueous solubility. Sensitivity of electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) to the mitoxantrone conjugate was improved by an order of magnitude, in comparison with original mitoxantrone dihydrochloride. The observed ESI-MS signals were shifted to a "clearer" lower-mass region of the spectrum, which allowed investigation of the drug at the level of individual cells...
December 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213270/nanobodies-and-nanobody-based-human-heavy-chain-antibodies-as-antitumor-therapeutics
#18
REVIEW
Peter Bannas, Julia Hambach, Friedrich Koch-Nolte
Monoclonal antibodies have revolutionized cancer therapy. However, delivery to tumor cells in vivo is hampered by the large size (150 kDa) of conventional antibodies. The minimal target recognition module of a conventional antibody is composed of two non-covalently associated variable domains (VH and VL). The proper orientation of these domains is mediated by their hydrophobic interface and is stabilized by their linkage to disulfide-linked constant domains (CH1 and CL). VH and VL domains can be fused via a genetic linker into a single-chain variable fragment (scFv)...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212412/enhanced-anticancer-potency-by-thermo-ph-responsive-pcl-based-magnetic-nanoparticles
#19
Samad Hosseini Sadr, Soodabeh Davaran, Effat Alizadeh, Roya Salehi, Ali Ramazani
Great efforts have been made to develop drug carriers with the aim of providing predictable therapeutic response. Moreover, combination therapies have become promising strategies for clinical cancer treatment with synergistic effects. The present study purposed to develop a new stimuli-responsive paramagnetic nanocarrier for the intracellular co-delivery of doxorubicin (DOX) and methotrexate (MTX) to the MCF7 cell line. A novel thermo/pH-sensitive amphiphilic paramagnetic nanocomposite comprised of hydrophobic and biodegradable PCL segments and a hydrophilic biocompatible P(NIPAAm-co-HEMA-co-MAA-co-TMSPMA) block was designed and synthesized by combining the ring opening and free radical polymerization methods...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211023/charomers-interleukin-6-receptor-specific-aptamers-for-cellular-internalization-and-targeted-drug-delivery
#20
REVIEW
Ulrich Hahn
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a key player in inflammation and the main factor for the induction of acute phase protein biosynthesis. Further to its central role in many aspects of the immune system, IL-6 regulates a variety of homeostatic processes. To interfere with IL-6 dependent diseases, such as various autoimmune diseases or certain cancers like multiple myeloma or hepatocellular carcinoma associated with chronic inflammation, it might be a sensible strategy to target human IL-6 receptor (hIL-6R) presenting cells with aptamers...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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