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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240813/fabrication-and-characterization-of-conductive-conjugated-polymer-coated-antheraea-mylitta-silk-fibroin-fibers-for-biomedical-applications
#1
Darshan Gh, Dexu Kong, Julien Gautrot, Shyam Kumar Vootla
Conductive polymers are interesting materials for a number of biological and medical applications requiring electrical stimulation of cells or tissues. Highly conductive polymers (polypyrrole and polyaniline)/Antheraea mylitta silk fibroin coated fibers are fabricated successfully by in situ polymerization without any modification of the native silk fibroin. Coated fibers characterized by scanning electron microscopy confirm the silk fiber surface is covered by conductive polymers. Thermogravimetric analysis reveals preserved thermal stability of silk fiber after coating process...
February 27, 2017: Macromolecular Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240749/regression-in-primary-cutaneous-melanoma-etiopathogenesis-and-clinical-significance
#2
Phyu P Aung, Priyadharsini Nagarajan, Victor G Prieto
Though not required currently for staging, regression is a histopathologic parameter typically reported upon diagnosis of an invasive primary cutaneous melanoma. The studies examining the prognostic significance of regression in patient outcome have yielded controversial findings; likely because the definition and assessment of regression have not been consistent, in addition to subjectivity of pathologists' interpretation. Regression is histologically characterized by variable decrease in the number of melanoma cells accompanied by the presence of a host response consisting of dermal fibrosis, inflammatory infiltrate, melanophages, ectatic blood vessels, epidermal attenuation, and/or apoptosis of keratinocytes or melanocytes; the relative extent of these features depends on the stage of the regression...
February 27, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239073/effects-of-topical-application-of-betamethasone-on-imiquimod-induced-psoriasis-like-skin-inflammation-in-mice
#3
Hiroki Mori, Kojo Arita, Takayuki Yamaguchi, Midori Hirai, Yoichi Kurebayashi
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease mediated by dysregulated auto-reactive immune system. In this study, in order to confirm and further extend the pharmacological basis of topical steroids in psoriasis therapy, we investigated the effect of betamethasone ointment on imiquimod (IMQ)-induced skin inflammation in mice. In BALB/c mice, topical IMQ at the dose of 250 µg each on both sides of the ear induced marked psoriasis-like skin inflammation within 5 days. The same dose of IMQ produced only slight to moderate skin inflammation even on Day 7 in CB-17 scid mice...
September 9, 2016: Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238749/persistent-kallikrein5-activation-induces-atopic-dermatitis-like-skin-architecture-independent-of-par2-activity
#4
Yanan Zhu, Joanne Underwood, Derek Macmillan, Leila Shariff, Ryan O'Shaughnessy, John I Harper, Chris Pickard, Peter S Friedmann, Eugene Healy, Wei-Li Di
BACKGROUND: Up-regulation of kallikreins (KLK) including KLK5 has been reported in atopic dermatitis (AD). KLK5 has biological functions which include degrading desmosomal proteins and inducing pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion through protease activated receptor 2 (PAR2). However, due to the complex interactions between various cells in AD inflamed skin, it is difficult to dissect the precise and multiple roles of up-regulated KLK5 in AD skin. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of up-regulated KLK5 on the expression of epidermal related proteins and cytokines in keratinocytes and on skin architecture...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238074/atorvastatin-induced-dermatomyositis
#5
Mert Oztas, Serdal Ugurlu, Ovgu Aydin
A 49-year-old man with no previous history of musculoskeletal or cutaneous problems who had a myocardial infarction (MI) was treated with atorvastatin, prasugrel, enoxaparine, and diltiazem following percutaneous coronary intervention. He was referred to our rheumatology outpatient clinic for rash and papules on the knuckles, face, and neck, as well as proximal muscle weakness. In the physical examination, a reddish rash on the face and Gottron's papules on the knuckles were detected. The skin biopsy performed indicated interface dermatitis with hydropic degeneration of basal keratinocytes, supporting the clinical impression of dermatomyositis...
February 25, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237700/prostaglandin-e1-reduces-the-keratinocyte-toxicity-of-sorafenib-by-maintaining-signal-transducer-and-activator-of-transcription-3-stat3-activity-and-enhancing-the-camp-response-element-binding-protein-creb-activity
#6
Hiroaki Shichiri, Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Maya Tokura, Takahiro Ishida, Atsushi Uda, Toshinori Bito, Chikako Nishigori, Tsutomu Nakagawa, Takeshi Hirano, Ikuko Yano, Midori Hirai
Hand-foot skin reaction (HFSR) is a common side effect of multiple tyrosine kinase inhibitors (mTKIs). HFSR can necessitate dose reductions or interruption of therapy owing to its negative effect on the quality of life. Therefore, effective use of mTKIs requires measures to prevent HFSR. We evaluated the effect of prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) on HFSR, because PGE1 is already used to treat bed sores and skin ulcers and has established angiogenic and antiproliferative effects in keratinocytes. We found that the pathogenesis of sorafenib-induced HFSR is characterized by a decrease in levels of a phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3)...
February 22, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237621/inorganic-arsenic-inhibits-the-nucleotide-excision-repair-pathway-and-reduces-the-expression-of-xpc
#7
Nathaniel Holcomb, Mamta Goswami, Sung Gu Han, Tim Scott, John D'Orazio, David K Orren, C Gary Gairola, Isabel Mellon
Chronic exposure to arsenic, most often through contaminated drinking water, has been linked to several types of cancer in humans, including skin and lung cancer. However, the mechanisms underlying its role in causing cancer are not well understood. There is evidence that exposure to arsenic can enhance the carcinogenicity of UV light in inducing skin cancers and may enhance the carcinogenicity of tobacco smoke in inducing lung cancers. The nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway removes different types of DNA damage including those produced by UV light and components of tobacco smoke...
February 16, 2017: DNA Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231625/experimental-study-on-1-25-oh-2-d3-amelioration-of-oral-lichen-planus-through-regulating-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#8
Jie Du, Ran Li, Feiyan Yu, Fang Yang, Jinhua Wang, Qingyong Chen, Xiangyu Wang, Bin Zhao, Fang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the protective function of vitamin D (VD)/vitamin D receptor (VDR) on the development of oral lichen planus (OLP) and elaborate the underling mechanism of it. METHODS: H&E staining, myeloid Peroxidase (MPO) assays, quantitative PCR (qPCR), western blotting and Elisa were used to test the human biopsies and serum. QPCR, western blotting, Elisa and siRNA transfection were also performed in LPS-induced keratinocytes to observe the functions of vitamin D and VDR...
February 23, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230860/carma2sh-and-ulk2-control-pathogen-associated-molecular-patterns-recognition-in-human-keratinocytes-psoriasis-linked-carma2sh-mutants-escape-ulk2-censorship
#9
Ivan Scudiero, Pellegrino Mazzone, Luca E D'Andrea, Angela Ferravante, Tiziana Zotti, Gianluca Telesio, Gabriele De Rubis, Carla Reale, Maddalena Pizzulo, Shanmugakonar Muralitharan, Pasquale Vito, Romania Stilo
The molecular complexes formed by specific members of the family of CARMA proteins, the CARD domain-containing adapter molecule BCL10 and MALT1 (CBM complex) represent a central hub in regulating activation of the pleiotropic transcription factor NF-κB. Recently, missense mutations in CARMA2sh have been shown to cause psoriasis in a dominant manner and with high penetrancy. Here, we demonstrate that in human keratinocytes CARMA2sh plays an essential role in the signal transduction pathway that connects pathogen-associated molecular patterns recognition to NF-κB activation...
February 23, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230777/cryptomphalus-aspersa-mollusc-egg-extract-promotes-regenerative-effects-in-human-dermal-papilla-stem-cells
#10
María Teresa Alameda, Esther Morel, Concepción Parrado, Salvador González, Ángeles Juarranz
The aim of this study was to test, by an in vitro approach, whether a natural extract derived from eggs of the mollusc Cryptomphalus aspersa (e-CAF) that seems to present regenerative properties, can enhance the mobilization of human hair dermal papilla cells (HHDPCs) and play a role on tissue repair and regeneration. We have tested HHDPCs proliferation by the 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium-bromide (MTT) assay; cell migration by using a wound healing assay, as well as the modulation of the expression of cytoskeletal (F-actin and vimentin) and cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix (ECM) (vinculin and P-FAK) proteins...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229992/increased-5-hydroxymethylcytosine-and-ten-eleven-translocation-protein-expression-in-ultraviolet-b-irradiated-hacat-cells
#11
Dan Wang, Jin-Hua Huang, Qing-Hai Zeng, Can Gu, Shu Ding, Jian-Yun Lu, Jing Chen, Sheng-Bo Yang
BACKGROUND: DNA hydroxymethylation refers to a chemical modification process in which 5-methylcytosine (5mC) is catalyzed to 5- hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) by ten-eleven translocation (TET) family proteins. Recent studies have revealed that aberrant TETs expression or 5hmC level may play important roles in the occurrence and development of various pathological and physiological processes including cancer and aging. This study aimed to explore the relation between aberrant DNA hydroxymethylation with skin photoaging and to investigate the levels of TETs, 5mC, and 5hmC expression 24 h after 40 mJ/cm2 and 80 mJ/cm2 doses of ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation to HaCaT cells...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229920/in-vitro-wound-healing-and-cytotoxic-activity-of-the-gel-and-whole-leaf-materials-from-selected-aloe-species
#12
Lizelle T Fox, Anisha Mazumder, Anupma Dwivedi, Minja Gerber, Jeanetta du Plessis, Josias H Hamman
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Aloe vera is one of the most important medicinal plants in the world with applications in the cosmetic industry and also in the tonic or health drink product market. Different parts of Aloe ferox and Aloe marlothii are used as traditional medicines for different applications. Although wound healing has been shown for certain aloe gel materials (e.g. A. vera) previously, there are conflicting reports on this medicinal application of aloe leaf gel materials...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229451/honokiol-protects-skin-cells-against-inflammation-collagenolysis-apoptosis-and-senescence-caused-by-cigarette-smoke-damage
#13
Adilson Costa, Gustavo Facchini, Ana Lúcia T A Pinheiro, Michelle S da Silva, Michael Y Bonner, Jack Arbiser, Samara Eberlin
BACKGROUND: Pollution, especially cigarette smoke, is a major cause of skin damage. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of the small molecule polyphenol, honokiol, on reversing cigarette smoke-induced damage in vitro to relevant skin cells. METHODS: Keratinocytes (HaCat) cultures were exposed to cigarette smoke and, after 48 hours, IL-1α and IL-8 were measured in cell supernatants. Moreover, TIMP-2 production, apoptosis rate, and senescence β-galactosidase expression were evaluated in primary human foreskin fibroblasts (HFF-1) cultures...
February 22, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229408/isolation-and-in-vitro-characterization-of-epidermal-stem-cells
#14
Kasper S Moestrup, Marianne S Andersen, Kim B Jensen
Colony-forming assays represent prospective methods, where cells isolated from enzymatically dissociated tissues or from tissue cultures are assessed for their proliferative capacity in vitro. Complex tissues such as the epithelial component of the skin (the epidermis) are characterized by a substantial cellular heterogeneity. Analysis of bulk populations of cells by colony-forming assays can consequently be convoluted by a number of factors that are not controlled for in population wide studies. It is therefore advantageous to refine in vitro growth assays by sub-fractionation of cells using flow cytometry...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229230/mycobacterium-ulcerans-mycolactone-interferes-with-adhesion-migration-and-proliferation-of-primary-human-keratinocytes-and-hacat-cell-line
#15
Francesca Graziola, Elena Colombo, Rossana Tiberio, Giorgio Leigheb, Chiarella Bozzo
The pathogenicity of Mycobacterium ulcerans (Buruli ulcer) is closely associated with the secretion of exotoxin mycolactone. The cytotoxicity of mycolactone has been linked to its apoptogenic activity. We explored if low mycolactone concentrations, which are not able to induce apoptosis, can influence other essential activities on two primary human keratinocyte populations, keratinocyte stem cells (KSC) and transit amplifying cells (TAC), and on a human keratinocyte line, HaCaT. We demonstrated that 0.01 and 0...
February 22, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228560/expression-of-il-22-in-the-skin-causes-th2-biased-immunity-epidermal-barrier-dysfunction-and-pruritus-via-stimulating-epithelial-th2-cytokines-and-the-grp-pathway
#16
Hongfei Lou, Jingning Lu, Eun Byul Choi, Min Hee Oh, Mingeum Jeong, Sara Barmettler, Zhou Zhu, Tao Zheng
Increased expression of Th22 cytokine IL-22 is a characteristic finding in atopic dermatitis (AD). However, the specific role of IL-22 in the pathogenesis of AD in vivo has yet to be elucidated. Consistent with observations in human AD, IL-22 was significantly increased in the AD skin of mice after epicutaneous sensitization to house dust mite allergen. Utilizing a skin-specific inducible transgenic system, we show in the present study that expression of IL-22 in the skin of mice caused an AD-like phenotype characterized by chronic pruritic dermatitis associated with Th2-biased local and systemic immune responses, downregulation of epidermal differentiation complex genes, and enhanced dermatitis upon epicutaneous allergen exposure...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225955/the-role-of-intradermal-proliferation-of-t-cells-in-the-pathogenesis-of-psoriasis
#17
Vladislav R Khairutdinov, Anastasiya F Mikhailichenko, Irena E Belousova, Ekatherina Sh Kuligina, Alexey V Samtsov, Evgeny N Imyanitov
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a common immune-mediated chronic inflammatory disease of the skin and joints, affecting 1-3% of the population. It is generally accepted that the pathogenesis of psoriasis involves accumulation of effector T-cells within lymph nodes and their subsequent migration into the skin through the blood system. Here we provide evidence that psoriatic plaque itself may serve as a source of inflammatory T-cells. OBJECTIVE: We examined the intradermal proliferation of T-cells and the number of effector/memory (CD45RO+) T-cells in the skin of psoriatic patients at different periods of the disease...
January 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225180/microrna-216b-inhibits-cell-proliferation-and-migration-in-human-melanoma-by-targeting-foxm1-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#18
Mengyao Sun, Xiaopeng Wang, Chen Tu, Shuang Wang, Jianqiang Qu, Shengxiang Xiao
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an increasingly important role in cancer growth by coordinately suppressing genes that controlcell migration, proliferationand invasion. The above results can be achieved through the regulation of gene expression by miRNAs bysuppressing translation or the directsequence-specific degradation of the targetedmRNA. In the present study, we indicate that the expression of miR-216b could be effectively repressed both in human melanoma tissues through a comparison with primary melanoma and in human melanoma cell lines through a comparison with a normal human keratinocyte line...
February 22, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224167/keratinocyte-proliferation-and-differentiation-on-il-9-stimulation-an-explorative-in-vitro-study
#19
Hanna Niehues, Jos P H Smits, Diana Rodijk-Olthuis, Joost Schalkwijk, Ellen H van den Bogaard
is missing (Short communication).
February 22, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223803/protein-nanocoatings-on-synthetic-polymeric-nanofibrous-membranes-designed-as-carriers-for-skin-cells
#20
Marketa Bacakova, Julia Pajorova, Denisa Stranska, Daniel Hadraba, Frantisek Lopot, Tomas Riedel, Eduard Brynda, Margit Zaloudkova, Lucie Bacakova
Protein-coated resorbable synthetic polymeric nanofibrous membranes are promising for the fabrication of advanced skin substitutes. We fabricated electrospun polylactic acid and poly(lactide-co-glycolic acid) nanofibrous membranes and coated them with fibrin or collagen I. Fibronectin was attached to a fibrin or collagen nanocoating, in order further to enhance the cell adhesion and spreading. Fibrin regularly formed a coating around individual nanofibers in the membranes, and also formed a thin noncontinuous nanofibrous mesh on top of the membranes...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
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