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Childhood obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679223/association-between-lepr-fto-mc4r-and-pparg-2-polymorphisms-with-obesity-traits-and-metabolic-phenotypes-in-school-aged-children
#1
Sílvia M Almeida, José M Furtado, Paulo Mascarenhas, Maria E Ferraz, José C Ferreira, Mariana P Monteiro, Manuel Vilanova, Fernando P Ferraz
PURPOSE: Evaluate the relationship of leptin receptor (LEPR) rs1137101, fat mass obesity-associated (FTO) receptors 9939609, melanocortin-4 receptors (MC4R) rs2229616 and rs17782313, and proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARG) rs1801282 with clinical and metabolic phenotypes in prepubertal children. RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the effect of polymorphisms on clinical and metabolic phenotypes in prepubertal children? METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed to evaluate anthropometric features, percentage body fat (%BF), biochemical parameters, and genotype in 773 prepubertal children...
April 20, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678100/the-presence-of-ehealth-support-for-childhood-obesity-guidance
#2
Shalmali Deshpande, Michael J Rigby, Mitch Blair
A rising global obesity epidemic in children has implications for an increase in other chronic diseases and a negative social impact, which should not be ignored. A useful resource in this context could be eHealth due to its popularity amongst children. Additionally, telephone guidance is also considered a powerful health promotion tool. The aim of this study was to investigate the availability of mobile applications (apps), websites, helplines, and advice lines for child obesity guidance, in European countries...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675881/bmi-trajectories-from-birth-to-young-adulthood
#3
Shannon M McGinty, Stavroula K Osganian, Henry A Feldman, Carly E Milliren, Alison E Field, Tracy K Richmond
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare BMI trajectories from childhood to early adulthood in those with overweight and/or obesity versus severe obesity. METHODS: Longitudinal BMI values (2,542 measurements) were calculated from measured heights and weights for 103 children, adolescents, or young adults with overweight, obesity, or severe obesity. Segmented regression with splines was used to model BMI trajectories. RESULTS: Sixty-nine participants were classified as ever having severe obesity versus 34 who never had severe obesity...
April 19, 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675043/cardiovascular-risk-factors-after-childhood-cancer-treatment-are-independent-of-the-fto-gene-polymorphism
#4
Małgorzata Sawicka-Żukowska, Maryna Krawczuk-Rybak, Paweł Bernatowicz, Katarzyna Muszyńska-Rosłan, Jerzy Konstantynowicz, Włodzimierz Łuczyński
The study objective was to assess the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in patients treated for childhood cancer ( N = 101) and to determine the involvement of clinical (cancer type and therapy) and/or genetic ( FTO gene rs9939609 polymorphism) factors. Anthropometric features, laboratory findings, and standardized osteodensitometric indices (fat and lean mass) were considered. Overweight/obesity was found in 17.82% of the patients; however, central adiposity was found in as many as 42.5%. At least one abnormality in lipid metabolism was observed in 35...
2018: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672178/obese-and-allergic-related-asthma-phenotypes-among-children-across-the-united-states
#5
Mindy K Ross, Tahmineh Romero, Myung S Sim, Peter G Szilagyi
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric asthma is heterogeneous with phenotypes that reflect differing underlying inflammation and pathophysiology. Little is known about the national prevalence of certain obesity and allergy related asthma phenotypes or associated characteristics. We therefore assessed the national prevalence, risk factors, and parent-reported severity of four asthma phenotypes: not-allergic-not-obese, allergic-not-obese, obese-not-allergic, and allergic-and-obese. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2007-2008 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) of 10-17 year-olds with parent-reported asthma...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671815/factors-influencing-parental-engagement-in-an-early-childhood-obesity-prevention-program-implemented-at-scale-the-infant-program
#6
Penelope Love, Rachel Laws, Eloise Litterbach, Karen J Campbell
The ‘early years’ is a crucial period for the prevention of childhood obesity. Health services are well placed to deliver preventive programs to families, however, they usually rely on voluntary attendance, which is challenging given low parental engagement. This study explored factors influencing engagement in the Infant Program : a group-based obesity prevention program facilitated by maternal and child health nurses within first-time parent groups. Six 1.5 h sessions were delivered at three-month intervals when the infants were 3⁻18 months...
April 19, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669534/long-term-effects-of-comprehensive-school-health-on-health-related-knowledge-attitudes-self-efficacy-health-behaviours-and-weight-status-of-adolescents
#7
Nicole Naadu Ofosu, John Paul Ekwaru, Kerry Ann Bastian, Sarah A Loehr, Kate Storey, John C Spence, Paul J Veugelers
BACKGROUND: APPLE Schools is a Comprehensive School Health (CSH) project, started in schools in socioeconomically disadvantaged areas where dietary habits are poor, physical activity (PA) levels are low, and obesity rates are high. Earlier research showed program effects whereby energy intake, PA and weight status of students in APPLE Schools had reached similar levels as that of students in other schools. However, it is unknown whether the effects of CSH are sustained when children grow into adolescents...
April 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668472/obesity-in-childhood-and-adolescence-genetic-factors
#8
Marko Kostovski, Velibor Tasic, Nevena Laban, Momir Polenakovic, Dragan Danilovski, Zoran Gucev
Obesity and excess weight are a pandemic phenomenon in the modern world. Childhood and adolescent obesity often ends up in obesity in adults. The costs of obesity and its consequences are staggering for any society, crippling for countries in development. Childhood obesity is also widespread in Macedonia. Metabolic syndrome, dyslipidemia and carbohydrate intolerance are found in significant numbers. Parents and grandparents are often obese. Some of the children are either dysmorphic, or slightly retarded. We have already described patients with Prader-Willi syndrome, Bardet-Biedl syndrome or WAGR syndrome...
December 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668465/childhood-obesity-how-long-should-we-wait-to-predict-weight
#9
REVIEW
Éadaoin M Butler, José G B Derraik, Rachael W Taylor, Wayne S Cutfield
Obesity is highly prevalent in children under the age of 5 years, although its identification in infants under 2 years remains difficult. Several clinical prediction models have been developed for obesity risk in early childhood, using a number of different predictors. The predictive capacity (sensitivity and specificity) of these models varies greatly, and there is no agreed risk threshold for the prediction of early childhood obesity. Of the existing models, only two have been practically utilized, but neither have been particularly successful...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666929/development-of-physical-fitness-in-austrian-primary-school-children-a-longitudinal-study-among-overweight-and-non-overweight-children-over-2-5-years
#10
Gerhard Ruedl, Dominik Franz, Anika Frühauf, Martin Kopp, Martin Niedermeier, Clemens Drenowatz, Klaus Greier
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and physical fitness play an important role in the prevention of overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence and reduce the risk of becoming overweight or obese in adulthood. AIM: To evaluate the development of physical fitness in overweight and non-overweight primary school children from the first to third grades. METHODS: Using a longitudinal study design, body height and weight as well as physical fitness of primary school children from Tyrol, Austria were measured five times during a period of 2...
April 17, 2018: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666169/impact-of-transitional-care-on-endocrine-and-anthropometric-parameters-in-prader-willi-syndrome
#11
Anne-Cécile Paepegaey, Muriel Coupaye, Asma Jaziri, Florence Menesguen, Béatrice Dubern, Michel Polak, Jean-Michel Oppert, Maithe Tauber, Graziella Pinto, Christine Poitou
CONTEXT: The transition of patients with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) to adult life for medical care is challenging because of multiple comorbidities, including hormone deficiencies, obesity, and cognitive and behavioral disabilities. OBJECTIVE: To assess endocrine management, and metabolic and anthropometric parameters of PWS adults who received (n=31) or not (n=64) transitional care, defined as specialized pediatric care followed by a structured care pathway to a multidisciplinary adult team...
April 17, 2018: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665180/does-the-earned-income-tax-credit-increase-children-s-weight-the-impact-of-policy-driven-income-on-childhood-obesity
#12
Young Jo
I exploit substantial increases in the earned income tax credit to study how a policy-driven change in family income affects childhood obesity. Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, my difference-in-differences estimates indicate that the probability of being obese increased by 3 percentage points among children whose families experienced a greater income shock. A further investigation suggests that a reduction in maternal time with children played a greater role in children's weight gain than income...
April 17, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664674/associations-between-neighborhood-walkability-and-incident-and-ongoing-asthma-in-children
#13
Elinor Simons, Sharon D Dell, Rahim Moineddin, Teresa To
RATIONALE: Childhood asthma has shown variable associations with children's physical activity. Neighborhood walkability captures community features that promote walking and is protective against some chronic conditions, such as obesity and diabetes. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated associations between home neighborhood walkability and incident and ongoing childhood asthma. METHODS: This population-based cohort study used prospectively-collected administrative healthcare data for the province of Ontario housed at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences...
April 17, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663085/prevalence-of-overweight-obesity-among-7-year-old-children-who-childhood-obesity-surveillance-initiative-in-slovakia-trends-and-differences-between-selected-european-countries
#14
Ľubica Tichá, Valéria Regecová, Katarína Šebeková, Darina Sedláková, Jana Hamade, Ľudmila Podracká
The objectives of this study were (1) to assess the prevalence and time trends of overweight/obesity in Slovak children by applying WHO, IOTF, and the national criteria; (2) to compare the prevalence between selected European countries; and (3) to evaluate the central obesity by the waist-to-height ratio. The survey was performed within the WHO European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative. The weight, height, waist, and hip were measured in 2795 children at the age of 7-7.99 years (50.1% boys; 55.5% in rural areas)...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656912/the-voices-for-healthy-kids-and-state-legislation-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-an-update
#15
Sara N Bleich, Jesse C Jones-Smith, Hannah J Walters, Lainie Rutkow
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to examine general time trends in childhood obesity legislative activity in all 50 states (overall and by health equity focus) and whether the Voices for Healthy Kids Campaign (Voices) was associated with increased legislative activity. METHODS: LexisNexis State Capital was used to identify bills related to childhood obesity from 2012 to 2016. Linear and linear probability models were used to assess general time trends and regression-based difference-in-difference models to assess whether time trends differed for states that received a Voices grant...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656595/pathways-of-association-from-stress-to-obesity-in-early-childhood
#16
REVIEW
Alison L Miller, Julie C Lumeng
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to critically review the literature on early life stress in relation to obesity in humans, including the multiple biological and behavioral mechanisms through which early life stress exposure (birth to the age of 5 years) may associate with obesity risk during childhood. METHODS: A review of the literature was conducted to identify studies on associations between early childhood stress and risk for obesity and the mechanisms of association...
April 14, 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652901/early-postnatal-soluble-fgfr3-therapy-prevents-the-atypical-development-of-obesity-in-achondroplasia
#17
Celine Saint-Laurent, Stephanie Garcia, Vincent Sarrazy, Karine Dumas, Florence Authier, Sophie Sore, Albert Tran, Philippe Gual, Isabelle Gennero, Jean-Pierre Salles, Elvire Gouze
BACKGROUND: Achondroplasia is a rare genetic disease is characterized by abnormal bone development and early obesity. While the bone aspect of the disease has been thoroughly studied, early obesity affecting approximately 50% of them during childhood has been somewhat neglected. It nevertheless represents a major health problem in these patients, and is associated to life-threatening complications including increasing risk of cardiovascular pathologies. We have thus decided to study obesity in patients and to use the mouse model to evaluate if soluble FGFR3 therapy, an innovative treatment approach for achondroplasia, could also impact the development of this significant complication...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652831/active-opt-in-consent-underestimates-mean-bmi-z-and-the-prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-compared-to-passive-opt-out-consent-evidence-from-the-healthy-together-victoria-and-childhood-obesity-study
#18
Claudia Strugnell, Liliana Orellana, Joshua Hayward, Lynne Millar, Boyd Swinburn, Steven Allender
Background: Tracking population trends in childhood obesity and identifying target areas for prevention requires accurate prevalence data. This study quantified the magnitude of non-participation bias for mean Body Mass Index-z scores and overweight/obesity prevalence associated with low (opt-in) compared to high (opt-out) participation consent methodologies. Methods: Data arose from all Local Government Areas (LGAs) participating in the Healthy Together Victoria Childhood Obesity Study, Australia. Primary schools were randomly selected in 2013 and 2014 and all Grades 4 and 6 students (aged approx...
April 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652731/obesity-and-cardiovascular-risk-a-call-for-action-from-the-european-society-of-hypertension-working-group-of-obesity-diabetes-and-the-high-risk-patient-and-european-association-for-the-study-of-obesity-part-b-obesity-induced-cardiovascular-disease-early-prevention
#19
Vasilios Kotsis, Konstantinos Tsioufis, Christina Antza, Gino Seravalle, Antonio Coca, Cristina Sierra, Empar Lurbe, Stella Stabouli, Bojan Jelakovic, Josep Redon, Pau Redon, Peter M Nilsson, Jens Jordan, Dragan Micic, Nicholas Finer, Deborah R Leitner, Hermann Toplak, Lale Tokgozoglu, Vasilios Athyros, Moses Elisaf, Theodosios D Filippatos, Guido Grassi
: Obesity predisposes for atrial fibrillation, heart failure, sudden cardiac death, renal disease and ischemic stroke, which are the main causes of cardiovascular hospitalization and mortality. As obesity and the cardiovascular effects on the vessels and the heart start early in life, even from childhood, it is important for health policies to prevent obesity very early before the disease manifestation emerge. Key roles in the prevention are strategies to increase physical exercise, reduce body weight and to prevent or treat hypertension, lipids disorders and diabetes earlier and efficiently to prevent cardiovascular complications...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651318/the-prevalence-of-elevated-blood-pressure-in-a-sample-of-slovene-children-and-adolescents-a-pilot-study
#20
Tjaša Hertiš, Tadej Petek, Nataša Marčun Varda
Introduction: The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of prehypertensive and elevated blood pressure in the hypertensive range (elevated BP) and obtain some anthropometric measures in Slovene children and adolescents. Methods: In the cross-sectional study lasting one year, we measured BP using mercury sphygmomanometers, as well as height, weight, waist, and hip circumferences in schools. Data from regular check-ups (oscillometric measurements) were also added to increase the sample size...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
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