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Childhood obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034224/trends-in-motor-performance-of-first-graders-a-comparison-of-cohorts-from-2006-to-2015
#1
Sarah Spengler, Matthias Rabel, Arvid Marius Kuritz, Filip Mess
BACKGROUND: Motor performance is an important factor for health. Already in childhood, motor performance is associated with, e.g., obesity and risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. It is widely believed that the motor performance of children has declined over recent years. However, this belief is lacking clear evidence. The objective of this study was to examine trends in motor performance of first grade students during a period of 10 years (2006-2015). We examined trends in (a) aerobic fitness, (b) strength, (c) speed, and (d) balance for boys and girls separately and considered body mass index (BMI) as a potential confounder...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032805/influence-of-socio-economic-status-and-television-watching-on-childhood-obesity-in-kolkata
#2
S Bharati, M Pal, S Shome, P Roy, P Dhara, P Bharati
Obesity is fast becoming an epidemic among the urban children and it has its adverse effect on the status of health even during adulthood. In this paper an attempt is made to assess the percentage of obesity among 6-10 year children and assess the effect of different socio-economic variables and TV watching on childhood obesity. We restricted our study to primary school-going children who attended classes I-IV. The sample consisted of 5216 children from 20 different Bengali medium and English medium schools in Kolkata...
September 20, 2017: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032321/acne-in-late-adolescence-is-not-associated-with-a-raised-risk-of-subsequent-malignant-melanoma-among-men
#3
Teresa Mota Garcia, Ayako Hiyoshi, Ruzan Udumyan, Hugo Sjöqvist, Katja Fall, Scott Montgomery
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the association of acne in late adolescence with the risk for subsequent malignant melanoma (MM) in men. METHODS: Swedish register-based cohort study of 242,096 males born between 1952 and 1956, who took part in compulsory assessments for Swedish military conscription in late adolescence between 1969 and 1975, with subsequent diagnoses of MM (n=1,058) up to December 31, 2009. Covariates included measures of childhood circumstances and information from adolescence on presence of acne, physical fitness, cognitive function, body mass index (BMI), and a summary of diagnoses...
October 12, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030808/child-overweight-and-obesity-in-shanghai-china-contextualizing-chinese-socioeconomic-and-gender-differences
#4
Melissa L Martinson, Yu-Ling Chang, Wen-Jui Han, Jun Wen
PURPOSE: Childhood overweight and obesity is on the rise in China and in Chinese cities in particular. The aim of this study is to explore the extent of income differences in childhood overweight in Shanghai, China, and examine demographic, social, and behavioral explanations for these differences. METHODS: Using the 2014 Child Well-Being Study of Shanghai, China-a survey that included extensive contextual information on children and their families in China's most populous city, prevalence rates and adjusted odds ratios of child overweight and obesity at age 7 were calculated by income tercile controlling for a wide variety of sociodemographic variables...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029897/worldwide-trends-in-body-mass-index-underweight-overweight-and-obesity-from-1975-to-2016-a-pooled-analysis-of-2416-population-based-measurement-studies-in-128%C3%A2-9-million-children-adolescents-and-adults
#5
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Underweight, overweight, and obesity in childhood and adolescence are associated with adverse health consequences throughout the life-course. Our aim was to estimate worldwide trends in mean body-mass index (BMI) and a comprehensive set of BMI categories that cover underweight to obesity in children and adolescents, and to compare trends with those of adults. METHODS: We pooled 2416 population-based studies with measurements of height and weight on 128·9 million participants aged 5 years and older, including 31·5 million aged 5-19 years...
October 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028448/characterization-of-the-stool-microbiome-in-hispanic-preschool-children-by-weight-status-and-time
#6
Emily B Hollister, Byron A Foster, Mahmoud Dahdouli, Jesica Ramirez, Zhao Lai
BACKGROUND: Variations in gut microbiota composition and diversity have been associated with childhood adiposity, although most studies describing this have been cross-sectional in nature. Our objective was to evaluate associations between body weight and the gut microbiota over time in obese preschool-age children. METHODS: Obese, preschool-age, Hispanic children provided stool samples at baseline and following a 6-month behavioral intervention. Normal-weight (NW) children also provided stool samples...
October 13, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026735/the-association-between-socioeconomic-status-and-obesity-in-korean-children-an-analysis-of-the-fifth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-2012
#7
Hae Jeong Lee, Sung Hoon Kim, Seo Heui Choi, Ju Suk Lee
PURPOSE: Obesity is one of the most common health problems among children and its prevalence has increased in recent decades. Socioeconomic status (SES) is a well-known risk factor for childhood obesity although the associations were different across countries. Previous studies in other countries have reported a positive association between childhood obesity and SES in developing countries, and inverse correlation has been reported in developed countries. For this reason, we wanted to investigate the relationship between SES and obesity in Korean children...
September 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026489/delphi-survey-for-designing-a-intervention-research-study-on-childhood-obesity-prevention
#8
Min Jeong Kim, Eunju Sung, Eun Young Choi, Young-Su Ju, Eal-Whan Park, Yoo-Seock Cheong, Sunmi Yoo, Kyung Hee Park, Hyung Jin Choi, Seolhye Kim
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood obesity in South Korea has increased owing to economic improvement and the prevailing Westernized dietary pattern. As the incidence of chronic diseases caused by obesity is also expected to increase, effective interventions to prevent childhood obesity are needed. Therefore, we conducted a Delphi study to determine the priorities of a potential intervention research on childhood obesity prevention and its adequacy and feasibility. METHODS: The two-round Delphi technique was used with a panel of 10 childhood obesity experts...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026216/associations-of-maternal-and-cord-blood-adipokines-with-offspring-adiposity-in-project-viva-is-there-an-interaction-with-child-age
#9
L-J Li, S L Rifas-Shiman, I M Aris, J G Young, C Mantzoros, M-F Hivert, E Oken
OBJECTIVES: Higher leptin and lower adiponectin correlate with adult and childhood adiposity, but it is unclear how exposure to these adipokines during gestation relates to offspring growth. We aimed to investigate the relationships of maternal and cord adipokines with offspring adiposity across childhood to early adolescence, as well as interactions with child age. METHODS: In mother-child pairs in the Project Viva cohort, we measured adipokines in mothers at 2nd trimester (n=1106) and in cord blood at birth (n=657)...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025206/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-long-term-survivors-of-childhood-onset-craniopharyngioma
#10
So Yoon Jung, Yun Jeong Lee, Hye Jin Lee, Young Ah Lee, Jin Soo Moon, Jae Sung Ko, Sei Won Yang, Choong Ho Shin
PURPOSE: Hypothalamic obesity in childhood-onset (CO-) craniopharyngioma patients may predispose to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study reviewed the characteristics of NAFLD associated with CO-craniopharyngioma. METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed 75 patients who underwent surgery for craniopharyngioma while younger than 15 years of age between 2000 and 2016. RESULTS: Elevated aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) above 40 IU/L was observed in 51 of the 75 (68%) CO-craniopharyngioma patients...
September 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025133/offspring-risk-of-obesity-in-childhood-adolescence-and-adulthood-in-relation-to-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-sex-specific-association
#11
Shanshan Li, Yeyi Zhu, Edwina Yeung, Jorge E Chavarro, Changzheng Yuan, Alison E Field, Stacey A Missmer, James L Mills, Frank B Hu, Cuilin Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024955/offspring-risk-of-obesity-in-childhood-adolescence-and-adulthood-in-relation-to-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-sex-specific-association
#12
Shanshan Li, Yeyi Zhu, Edwina Yeung, Jorge E Chavarro, Changzheng Yuan, Alison E Field, Stacey A Missmer, James L Mills, Frank B Hu, Cuilin Zhang
Background: Animal data suggest sexually dimorphic programming of obesity in response to altered intrauterine environment, but the longitudinal impact of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) on sex-specific risk of offspring obesity in humans is unclear. Methods: We conducted a prospective analysis of 15 009 US individuals (7946 female and 7063 male) from the Growing-Up Today Study, who were followed from 1996 (ages 9-14 years) through 2010. Height and weight from validated questionnaires were used to derive body mass index (BMI) at different ages...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024677/eating-behavior-traits-associated-with-demographic-variables-and-implications-for-obesity-outcomes-in-early-childhood
#13
Nikki Boswell, Rebecca Byrne, Peter S W Davies
Despite ongoing investigation of children's eating behaviors to better understand the etiology of childhood obesity, few studies have aimed to determine differences in eating behavior based on psycho-social variables reflective of 'stressful' life circumstance. Cross-sectional data collected from parents of 977 Australian children (2.0-5.0 years) in an online survey was used to determine associations between parent-reported Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire [CEBQ] sub-scales, child BMI z-scores and psycho-social variables...
October 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024558/overweight-obesity-and-adiposity-in-survivors-of-childhood-brain-tumours-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
K-W Wang, A Fleming, D L Johnston, S M Zelcer, S R Rassekh, S Ladhani, A Socha, J Shinuda, S Jaber, S Burrow, S K Singh, L Banfield, R J de Souza, L Thabane, M C Samaan
Survivors of childhood brain tumours (SCBT) have increased cardiometabolic risks, but the determinants of these risks are unclear. This systematic review aims to compare the prevalence of overweight and obesity as well as adiposity measures between SCBT and non-cancer controls. The PubMed, EMBASE, MEDLINE, CINAHL and the Cochrane Library databases were searched. The primary outcomes were the prevalence of overweight and obesity based on body mass index. The secondary outcomes were adiposity measures including percent fat mass, waist-to-hip and waist-to-height ratios...
October 11, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023841/a-mixed-methods-comparison-of-classroom-context-during-food-health-choices-a-childhood-obesity-prevention-intervention
#15
Marissa Burgermaster, Jenna Koroly, Isobel Contento, Pamela Koch, Heewon L Gray
BACKGROUND: Schools are frequent settings for childhood obesity prevention; however, intervention results are mixed. Classroom context may hold important clues to improving these interventions. METHODS: We used mixed methods to examine classroom context during a curriculum intervention taught by trained instructors in fifth grade classrooms. We identified classrooms with high and low buy-in using cluster analysis and compared intervention delivery and reception, student energy balance-related behavior, and student perceptions about supports and barriers to energy balance...
November 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023158/healthy-families-a-family-based-community-intervention-to-address-childhood-obesity
#16
Danae Dinkel, Melissa Tibbits, Emily Hanigan, Kelly Nielsen, Leah Jorgensen, Kay Grant
The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of Healthy Families, a family-based community intervention, in improving the knowledge, self-efficacy, and health behaviors of overweight/obese children and their families as well as to explore the lessons learned. Results showed families who completed the program had significant improvements for children and parents in areas such as nutrition knowledge and self-efficacy in making healthy eating choices as well as participating in physical activity...
October 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022752/nutritional-characteristics-of-the-diets-of-child-and-adolescent-cancer-survivors
#17
Julia Ferrari Carneiro Teixeira, Priscila Dos Santos Maia-Lemos, Luciana Pellegrini Pisani
PURPOSE: Diseases associated with prior treatment, such as obesity, have been described in cancer survivors. Recent studies have shown that current estimates of overweight do not differ from that in the general population, suggesting the influence of environmental factors, such as dietary intake. In this context, there is increasing interest in the examination of health behaviors that may modify and reduce the risk of overweight and obesity. This study aimed to evaluate the characteristics of dietary intake among child cancer survivors living in a developing country...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020368/social-vulnerabilities-as-determinants-of-overweight-in-2-4-and-6-year-old-spanish-children
#18
Isabel Iguacel, Juan M Fernández-Alvira, Idoia Labayen, Luis A Moreno, María Pilar Samper, Gerardo Rodríguez
Background: Differences in obesity prevalence among vulnerable groups exist in childhood but it remains unclear whether these differences may be partly determined by socioeconomic status (SES), parental body mass index (BMI) and early life risk factors. We aimed to explore (i) longitudinal associations between belonging to a minority group and being overweight/obese at age 2, 4 and 6 and (ii) associations between accumulation of social vulnerabilities and being overweight/obese at age 6...
August 4, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019419/prenatal-exposure-to-endocrine-disruptors-and-reprogramming-of-adipogenesis-an-early-life-risk-factor-for-childhood-obesity
#19
Ayman El-Sayed Shafei, Enas Samir Nabih, Kirolos Atalla Shehata, Emad Sherif Mohamed Abd Elfatah, Abou Bakr Ahmed Sanad, Mohamed Yehia Marey, Abd Alla Mohamed Ahmed Hammouda, Mounir Mostafa Moussa Mohammed, Randa Mostafa, Mahmoud A Ali
Obesity is a global health problem. It is characterized by excess adipose tissue that results from either increase in the number of adipocytes or increase in adipocytes size. Adipocyte differentiation is a highly regulated process that involves the activation of several transcription factors culminating in the removal of adipocytes from the cell cycle and induction of highly specific proteins. Several other factors, including hormones, genes, and epigenetics, are among the most important triggers of the differentiation process...
October 11, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019418/texting-motivational-interviewing-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-motivational-interviewing-text-messages-designed-to-augment-childhood-obesity-treatment
#20
Sarah Armstrong, Alan Mendelsohn, Gary Bennett, Elsie Taveras, Amanda Kimberg, Alex R Kemper
BACKGROUND: Text messages improve health outcomes for adults engaged in weight management. Little is known about whether text messaging parents of children enrolled in obesity treatment will improve child health. METHODS: We conducted a 2-group randomized controlled study among 101 children aged 5-12 and their parent/guardian enrolling in tertiary-care obesity treatment. Participants were randomized to standard care or standard care plus daily motivational interviewing-based text messages...
October 11, 2017: Childhood Obesity
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