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Childhood obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636070/development-of-a-population-based-microsimulation-model-of-body-mass-index
#1
Deirdre Hennessy, Rochelle Garner, William M Flanagan Ron Wall And Claude Nadeau M Flanagan, Ron Wall, Claude Nadeau
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity has necessitated the development of body mass index (BMI) projection models such as the POpulation HEalth Model (POHEM). This study describes the POHEM-BMI model, a microsimulation tool that can be used to support evidence-based health policy making for obesity reduction. DATA AND METHODS: The National Population Health Survey, the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), and the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) were used to develop and validate a predictive model of BMI for adults and childhood BMI history...
June 21, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636007/analysis-of-association-of-gene-variants-with-obesity-traits-in-new-zealand-european-children-at-6-years-of-age
#2
Mohanraj Krishnan, John M D Thompson, Edwin A Mitchell, Rinki Murphy, Lesley M E McCowan, Andrew N Shelling, G On Behalf Of The Children Of Scope Study Group
Childhood obesity is a public health problem, which is associated with a long-term increased risk of cardiovascular disease and premature mortality. Several gene variants have previously been identified that have provided novel insights into biological factors that contribute to the development of obesity. As obesity tracks through childhood into adulthood, identification of the genetic factors for obesity in early life is important. The objective of this study was to identify putative associations between genetic variants and obesity traits in children at 6 years of age...
June 21, 2017: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632874/screening-for-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#3
David C Grossman, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Susan J Curry, Michael J Barry, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Maureen G Phipps, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Based on year 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts, approximately 17% of children and adolescents aged 2 to 19 years in the United States have obesity, and almost 32% of children and adolescents are overweight or have obesity. Obesity in children and adolescents is associated with morbidity such as mental health and psychological issues, asthma, obstructive sleep apnea, orthopedic problems, and adverse cardiovascular and metabolic outcomes (eg, high blood pressure, abnormal lipid levels, and insulin resistance)...
June 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632849/putting-the-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-for-childhood-obesity-screening-in-context
#4
Rachel L J Thornton, Raquel G Hernandez, Tina L Cheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632843/the-promise-and-opportunities-for-screening-and-treating-childhood-obesity-uspstf-recommendation-statement
#5
Teresa Quattrin, Denise E Wilfley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632162/beyond-food-access-the-impact-of-parent-home-and-neighborhood-level-factors-on-children-s-diets
#6
Lauren Futrell Dunaway, Thomas Carton, Ping Ma, Adrienne R Mundorf, Kelsey Keel, Katherine P Theall
Despite the growth in empirical research on neighborhood environmental characteristics and their influence on children's diets, physical activity, and obesity, much remains to be learned, as few have examined the relationship between neighborhood food availability on dietary behavior in children, specifically. This analysis utilized data from a community-based, cross-sectional sample of children (n = 199) that was collected in New Orleans, Louisiana, in 2010. This dataset was linked to food environment data to assess the impact of neighborhood food access as well as household and parent factors on children's diets...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630698/physical-activity-in-the-classroom-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-a-pilot-study-in-santiago-chile
#7
Francisco Mardones, Pilar Arnaiz, Johana Soto-Sánchez, Juana Saavedra, Angélica Domínguez, Jaime Rozowski, Laura Iriarte, Jennifer Cantwell Wood
This paper describes a 4-month pilot study that tested the suitability of a physical activity intervention for first graders (children aged 6 and 7 years) in a public school in Santiago, Chile. Teachers were trained to deliver the programme in the classroom during the school day. Teachers were surveyed to determine if this intervention fit within their curriculum and classroom routines and they reported in a focus group that it was suitable for them. All children actively participated in the programme and positive changes in their attitudes towards physical activity were observed by their teachers...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629345/prevalence-and-incidence-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-vietnamese-preschool-children-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#8
Loan Minh Do, Toan Khanh Tran, Bo Eriksson, Max Petzold, Henry Ascher
BACKGROUND: A plateau in childhood overweight and obesity has been reported in some developed countries while in almost all developing countries this problem is on the rise. The aim of this paper is to describe the changes in prevalence of overweight and obesity within a cohort of preschool children followed for 3 years, and to estimate and compare the incidences in urban and rural children of Hanoi, Vietnam. METHODS: A longitudinal study of a cohort of 2677 children aged 3 to 6 years old at the beginning of the study was conducted in urban DodaLab and rural FilaBavi, Hanoi, Vietnam...
June 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629222/associations-of-parental-self-efficacy-with-diet-physical-activity-body-composition-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-swedish-preschoolers-results-from-the-ministop-trial
#9
Niyati Parekh, Pontus Henriksson, Christine Delisle Nyström, Kristin Silfvernagel, Jonatan R Ruiz, Francisco B Ortega, Jeremy Pomeroy, Marie Löf
BACKGROUND: High parental self-efficacy (PSE) has been associated with healthy diets and higher levels of physical activity (PA) in children; however, data on PSE in relation to body weight and body composition are scarce. The objective of this study was to investigate associations of PSE with measures of diet, PA, body composition, and physical fitness in early childhood. METHOD: We used baseline data from the MINISTOP trial in healthy Swedish children ( n = 301; 4...
June 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628581/a-collaborative-approach-to-childhood-obesity-surveillance-from-a-local-health-department
#10
Elizabeth Alleman, Elizabeth Murphy, Kristin Baskerville, Rashmi Chugh
DuPage County Health Department collected de-identified data from health forms submitted by participating schools for academic years 2011-2015 for kindergarten, sixth-, and ninth-grade students to determine the prevalence of obesity and elevated blood pressure among public school students. The prevalence of obesity in students for the 2014-2015 school year was 15.1%, and the prevalence of elevated blood pressure was 22.8%. Students in the "obese" body mass index percentile category had an elevated blood pressure prevalence of 44...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628362/weight-loss-surgery-in-adolescents
#11
Amy L Christison, Sandeep K Gupta
Childhood obesity continues to be a national health problem, with growing numbers of adolescents (8.7%) affected by severe obesity and its associated cardiometabolic risks. Since current nonsurgical methods for treating these adolescents have only modest effects, weight loss surgery (WLS) is an alternative treatment. An overview of the literature was conducted describing the selection, management, and outcomes of adolescents undergoing WLS. Adolescent guidelines require physical and emotional maturity as well as serious comorbidities associated with body mass index cutoffs higher than those used for adults...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627126/consumption-of-obesogenic-foods-in-non-hispanic-black-mother-infant-dyads
#12
Melissa C Kay, Heather Wasser, Linda S Adair, Amanda L Thompson, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Chirayath M Suchindran, Margaret E Bentley
Obesity continues to be a problem in the United States. Of particular concern is the epidemic of early childhood obesity. A significant predictor of child diet is maternal diet, but little is known about this relationship during infancy. This study examined the association between maternal and infant consumption of key food groups from 6 to 18 months using data from the Infant Care, Feeding, and Risk of Obesity Study, a prospective cohort of 217 non-Hispanic black, low-income, first-time mothers. Using data from 24-hr dietary recalls collected during in-home visits at 6, 9, 12, and 18 months, we assessed longitudinal associations between mother and child intake of both energy-dense, nutrient-poor (obesogenic) food groups and fibre-, nutrient-rich food groups using random intercept logistic regression...
June 18, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624884/age-at-menarche-and-lung-function-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#13
Dipender Gill, Nuala A Sheehan, Matthias Wielscher, Nick Shrine, Andre F S Amaral, John R Thompson, Raquel Granell, Bénédicte Leynaert, Francisco Gómez Real, Ian P Hall, Martin D Tobin, Juha Auvinen, Susan M Ring, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Louise V Wain, John Henderson, Deborah Jarvis, Cosetta Minelli
A trend towards earlier menarche in women has been associated with childhood factors (e.g. obesity) and hypothesised environmental exposures (e.g. endocrine disruptors present in household products). Observational evidence has shown detrimental effects of early menarche on various health outcomes including adult lung function, but these might represent spurious associations due to confounding. To address this we used Mendelian randomization where genetic variants are used as proxies for age at menarche, since genetic associations are not affected by classical confounding...
June 17, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622956/obesity-visceral-adipose-tissue-and-cognitive-function-in-childhood
#14
Lauren B Raine, Naiman A Khan, Eric S Drollette, Matthew B Pontifex, Arthur F Kramer, Charles H Hillman
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of a 9-month physical activity intervention on changes in adiposity and cognitive control based on pretrial weight status (ie, healthy weight vs obese) in children. STUDY DESIGN: Participants included obese (n = 77) and matched healthy-weight (n = 77) preadolescents (8-9 years) who participated in a 9-month physical activity randomized controlled trial. Cognitive function was assessed with an inhibitory control task (modified flanker task)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622415/is-bisphenol-a-an-environmental-obesogen
#15
REVIEW
Samuel Legeay, Sébastien Faure
Bisphenol a (BPA) is an endocrine disruptor with an estrogenic activity that is widely produced for the manufacture of polycarbonate plastic, epoxy resin and thermal paper. Its ubiquitous presence in the environment contributes to broad and continuous human exposure which has been associated with deleterious health effects. Despite numerous controversial discussions and a lack of consensus about BPA's safety, growing evidence indicates that BPA exposure positively correlates with an increased risk of developing obesity...
June 16, 2017: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622354/awareness-of-knowledge-and-practice-regarding-physical-activity-a-population-based-prospective-observational-study-among-students-in-nanjing-china
#16
Fei Xu, Xiaorong Wang, Dandan Xiang, Zhiyong Wang, Qing Ye, Robert S Ware
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) promotion has proven effectiveness in preventing childhood obesity. Increasing children's health knowledge is the most frequently used approach in PA intervention programs targeting childhood obesity prevention. However, little is known about the specific association between the change in a child's knowledge awareness and their PA practice. METHODS: A one-year follow-up study was conducted among primary and junior high school students in Nanjing, China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621818/healthy-futures-engaging-the-oral-health-community-in-childhood-obesity-prevention-conference-summary-and-recommendations
#17
Raul I Garcia, Dushanka Kleinman, Katrina Holt, Ann Battrell, Paul Casamassimo, Jane Grover, Norman Tinanoff
Childhood obesity is a major public health problem. An association between obesity and dental caries, the most prevalent disease of childhood, has been identified. One explanation for the association is that consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and frequent snacking on carbohydrate-rich foods are common risk factors for development of both obesity and caries. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) has been at the forefront of national efforts to promote healthy weight in children. As part of these efforts, RWJF sponsored the Healthy Futures: Engaging the Oral Health Community in Childhood Obesity Prevention National Conference, held on November 3-4, 2016, at Georgetown University in Washington, DC...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621808/primary-care-interventions-to-reduce-childhood-obesity-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-food-for-thought-for-oral-health-professionals
#18
Diane Dooley, Nicolette M Moultrie, Elsbeth Sites, Patricia B Crawford
OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity remains a significant threat to America's children. Health care leaders have increasingly called upon oral health professionals to integrate healthy weight promotion and enhanced sugar-sweetened beverage counseling into their professional practices. The aim of this scoping review is to examine recent evidence regarding the effectiveness of primary care childhood obesity interventions that have potential for adoption by oral health professionals. METHODS: Medine, and PubMed were searched from 2010 to 2016 for review articles and studies reporting patient outcomes or policy outcomes relevant to primary care childhood obesity interventions for children ages 2-11 years...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620503/general-practice-views-of-managing-childhood-obesity-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-analysis
#19
Jennifer E O'Donnell, Rachel Foskett-Tharby, Paramjit S Gill
OBJECTIVE: To explore general practice staff views of managing childhood obesity in primary care. DESIGN: A qualitative study to elicit the views of clinical and non-clinical general practice staff on managing childhood obesity. SETTING: Interviews were conducted at 30 general practices across England. These practices were interviewed as part of the Quality and Outcomes Framework Pilot Study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 52 staff from 30 practices took part in a semi-structured interview...
June 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620069/prediction-of-adulthood-obesity-using-genetic-and-childhood-clinical-risk-factors-in-the-cardiovascular-risk-in-young-finns-study
#20
Fatemeh Seyednasrollah, Johanna Mäkelä, Niina Pitkänen, Markus Juonala, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Terho Lehtimäki, Jorma Viikari, Tanika Kelly, Changwei Li, Lydia Bazzano, Laura L Elo, Olli T Raitakari
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a known risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Early prediction of obesity is essential for prevention. The aim of this study is to assess the use of childhood clinical factors and the genetic risk factors in predicting adulthood obesity using machine learning methods. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 2262 participants from the Cardiovascular Risk in YFS (Young Finns Study) were followed up from childhood (age 3-18 years) to adulthood for 31 years...
June 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
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