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Childhood obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244832/productivity-impact-and-collaboration-differences-between-transdisciplinary-and-traditionally-trained-doctoral-students-a-comparison-of-publication-patterns
#1
Anna-Sigrid Keck, Stephanie Sloane, Janet M Liechty, Barbara H Fiese, Sharon M Donovan
Transdisciplinary (TD) approaches are increasingly used to address complex public health problems such as childhood obesity. Compared to traditional grant-funded scientific projects among established scientists, those designed around a TD, team-based approach yielded greater publication output after three to five years. However, little is known about how a TD focus throughout graduate school training may affect students' publication-related productivity, impact, and collaboration. The objective of this study was to compare the publication patterns of students in traditional versus TD doctoral training programs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244802/elevations-of-inflammatory-proteins-in-neonatal-blood-are-associated-with-obesity-and-overweight-among-2-year-old-children-born-extremely-premature
#2
Eliana M Perrin, T Michael O'Shea, Asheley Cockrell Skinner, Carl Bose, Elizabeth N Allred, Raina N Fichorova, Jelske W van der Burg, Alan Leviton
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is associated with elevated blood concentrations of inflammation markers. It is not known to what extent inflammation precedes the development of obesity. METHODS: In a cohort of 882 infants born before 28 weeks of gestation, we examined relationships between concentrations of 25 inflammation-related proteins in blood obtained during the first two postnatal weeks and body mass index at 2 years of age. RESULTS: Among children delivered for spontaneous indications (n=734), obesity was associated with elevated concentrations of four proteins (IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-R1, and MCP-1) on the first postnatal day; one protein (IL-6) on postnatal day 7; and two proteins (ICAM-3 and VEGF-R1) on postnatal day 14...
December 15, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244763/bisphenol-a-causes-liver-damage-and-selectively-alters-the-neurochemical-coding-of-intrahepatic-parasympathetic-nerves-in-juvenile-porcine-models-under-physiological-conditions
#3
Michael Thoene, Liliana Rytel, Ewa Dzika, Andrzej Włodarczyk, Ewa Kruminis-Kaszkiel, Ptaszyński Konrad, Joanna Wojtkiewicz
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an extremely common polymer that is used in typical everyday products throughout the world, especially in food and beverage containers. Within the last ten years, it has been found that the BPA monomer tends to leach into foodstuffs, and nanogram concentrations of it may cause a variety of deleterious health effects. These health problems are very evident in developing children and in young adults. The aim of this study was to expose developing pigs to dietary BPA at both legally acceptable and ten-fold higher levels...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243375/parental-experiences-and-perceptions-of-infant-complementary-feeding-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#4
REVIEW
K Matvienko-Sikar, C Kelly, C Sinnott, J McSharry, C Houghton, C Heary, E Toomey, M Byrne, P M Kearney
BACKGROUND: Interventions to prevent childhood obesity increasingly focus on infant feeding, but demonstrate inconsistent effects. A comprehensive qualitative evidence synthesis is essential to better understand feeding behaviours and inform intervention development. The aim of this study is to synthesize evidence on perceptions and experiences of infant feeding and complementary feeding recommendations. METHODS: Databases CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Academic Search Complete, SocIndex and Maternity and Infant Care were searched from inception to May 2017...
December 15, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242557/the-metabolic-syndrome-associated-small-g-protein-arl15-plays-a-role-in-adipocyte-differentiation-and-adiponectin-secretion
#5
Nuno Rocha, Felicity Payne, Isabel Huang-Doran, Alison Sleigh, Katherine Fawcett, Claire Adams, Anna Stears, Vladimir Saudek, Stephen O'Rahilly, Inês Barroso, Robert K Semple
Common genetic variants at the ARL15 locus are associated with plasma adiponectin, insulin and HDL cholesterol concentrations, obesity, and coronary atherosclerosis. The ARL15 gene encodes a small GTP-binding protein whose function is currently unknown. In this study adipocyte-autonomous roles for ARL15 were investigated using conditional knockdown of Arl15 in murine 3T3-L1 (pre)adipocytes. Arl15 knockdown in differentiated adipocytes impaired adiponectin secretion but not adipsin secretion or insulin action, while in preadipocytes it impaired adipogenesis...
December 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241637/-health-and-determinants-of-health-in-second-generations-of-international-immigrants-social-inequalities-in-health-since-childhood
#6
Yolanda González-Rábago, Unai Martín
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the social inequalities in health between children and youth population of an immigrant origin from low-income countries and those of native origin in the Basque Country. METHOD: Cross-sectional descriptive study using data from the Basque Country Health Survey 2013. Variables of health, behaviours and life conditions were used as the outcome variables. Prevalence ratios were calculated using robust Poisson models. RESULTS: The children with immigrant parents had poorer self-rated health, a higher prevalence of obesity, spent more hours in sedentary activities and lived in households with greater economic difficulties...
December 11, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240959/evaluation-of-left-ventricular-function-in-overweight-children-and-teenagers-with-arterial-hypertension-and-white-coat-hypertension
#7
Tomasz Florianczyk, Malgorzata Golabek-Dylewska, Beata Kucinska, Bozena Werner
BACKGROUND: Obesity in childhood is strongly associated with elevated arterial blood pressure and risk of hypertension. The aim of the study was the evaluation of left ventricular function in hypertensive and white coat hypertensive overweight children and teenagers. METHODS: The study group consisted of 74 overweight patients aged 10.3 ± 3.1 years (range: 6-16 years) diagnosed as hypertensive in standard blood pressure measurement. The control group consisted of 31 normotensive and normoweight children...
December 14, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239783/early-adulthood-determinants-of-mid-life-leisure-time-physical-inactivity-stability-and-change-findings-from-a-prospective-birth-cohort
#8
Snehal M Pinto Pereira, Chris Power
OBJECTIVES: Physical inactivity is highly prevalent. Knowledge is needed of influences on inactive lifestyles. We aimed to establish whether early adult factors predict subsequent inactivity patterns in mid-adulthood. DESIGN: Leisure-time inactivity (activity frequency<1/week) was assessed at 33y and 50y in the 1958 British Birth cohort (N=12,271). METHODS: We assessed associations of early adult (23-33y) physical status, mental function, social, family and neighbourhood circumstances with four 33-50y patterns (never inactive, persistently inactive, deteriorating or improving) using multinomial logistic regression with and without adjustment for childhood factors (e...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239467/the-impact-of-anemia-and-body-mass-index-bmi-on-neuromotor-development-of-preschool-children
#9
Selen Ozakar Akca, Mehmet Ömer Bostanci
OBJECTIVE: According to data from the World Health Organization (WHO), anemia is a prevalent health problem that leads to increased morbidity and mortality, especially in preschool children. Anemia is recognized as a major health problem due to its negative effects on the mental and physical development during childhood. The aim of our study was to determine the levels of anemia of children in a kindergarten affiliated to the Directorate of National Education using a non-invasive method, and to investigate the effects of anemia on the physical, mental and neuromotor development of children...
September 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238123/epidemiology-triggers-and-severity-of-childhood-asthma-in-ilesa-nigeria-implications-for-management-and-control
#10
Bankole Peter Kuti, Kehinde Oluyori Omole
Background: Knowledge about childhood asthma in a locality will assist clinicians to adequately manage the condition. This study set out to report the epidemiology, triggers of exacerbation, comorbid conditions, and severity of childhood asthma at a tertiary health facility in Nigeria and the implication of these, in management and symptoms control. Methods: Over a 15-month study period, children (aged <15 years) with physician-diagnosed asthma were consecutively recruited at the pediatric chest clinic of the hospital...
January 2017: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237800/an-integrated-clinic-community-partnership-for-child-obesity-treatment-a-randomized-pilot-trial
#11
Jessica Hoffman, Leah Frerichs, Mary Story, Jason Jones, Kiah Gaskin, Annie Apple, Asheley Skinner, Sarah Armstrong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Effective treatment of childhood obesity remains elusive. Integration of clinical and community systems may achieve effective and sustainable treatment. However, the feasibility and effectiveness of this integrated model are unknown. METHODS: We conducted a randomized clinical trial among children aged 5 to 11 presenting for obesity treatment. We randomized participants to clinical care or clinical care plus community-based programming at a local parks and recreation facility...
December 13, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234414/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effect-of-lifestyle-modification-on-metabolic-control-in-overweight-children
#12
REVIEW
Angela Shin-Yu Lien, Jia-Ling Tsai, Jian-Tao Lee, Mei-Yao Wu, Yi-Der Jiang, Hung-Rong Yen
Childhood obesity is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus. We aimed to determine the effects of lifestyle modification programs on fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels in overweight children. We queried six relevant electronic databases and manually searched for studies published before December 2016. Overweight/obese children who underwent a lifestyle modification for more than 6 months were included. A total of 3923 children from eight randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included. Compared with the control group, the lifestyle modification group had significantly lower FPG levels by 1...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233202/thinness-in-young-schoolchildren-in-serbia-another-case-of-the-double-burden-of-malnutrition
#13
Visnja Djordjic, Jagoda Jorga, Snezana Radisavljevic, Ivana Milanovic, Predrag Bozic, Sergej M Ostojic
OBJECTIVE: Thinness is rarely highlighted or regularly monitored among children in developed countries although it may be rather frequent and pose a significant risk to children's health. We aimed to describe the prevalence of mild, moderate and severe thinness among young Serbian schoolchildren. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of schoolchildren aged 6-9 years. Children were assessed for weight, height and BMI as part of the WHO European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative in Serbia...
December 13, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232526/prevention-of-childhood-obesity-in-child-health-services-follow-up-of-the-primrose-trial
#14
Johanna Enö Persson, Benjamin Bohman, Per Tynelius, Finn Rasmussen, Ata Ghaderi
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is an urgent public health concern, and there's a need for long-term, high-quality, primary prevention trials targeting parents of young children. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the long-term effect of a parental support program based on motivational interviewing (MI). METHODS: A cluster randomized controlled trial was carried out in eight Swedish counties. Participating families (N = 1355) were enrolled when the child was 9 months old, and participated in nine sessions during ∼39 months...
December 12, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231963/body-composition-in-long-term-survivors-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-diagnosed-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-focus-on-sarcopenic-obesity
#15
Christopher J C Marriott, Lesley F Beaumont, Troy H Farncombe, Amy N Cranston, Uma H Athale, Valerie N Yakemchuk, Colin E Webber, Ronald D Barr
BACKGROUND: The late effects of treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) include disordered body composition, especially obesity. Less attention has been focused on the loss of skeletal muscle mass (SMM) and the combined morbidity of sarcopenic obesity. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of body composition was undertaken via dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry in 75 long-term survivors of ALL (more than 10 years after the diagnosis). Measures were obtained of the fat mass (FM), fat-free mass (equivalent to the lean body mass [LBM]), and whole-body bone mineral content...
December 12, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230906/longitudinal-observation-of-arterial-stiffness-in-junior-high-school-students
#16
Hiroshi Fujiwara, Hisakazu Nakajima, Fumio Inoue, Kitaro Kosaka, Hiroaki Asano, Kengo Yoshii
BACKGROUND: Early atherosclerotic change is found even in childhood, and there is an urgent need to clarify the factors causing childhood atherosclerosis and take preventive measures. Early detection of the contributing risk factors is crucial for preventive measures to be undertaken. Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is a widely used technique method for the assessment of atherosclerosis in children. METHODS: Lifestyle questionnaire, and baPWV values and anthropometric data were obtained from junior high school students in an urban area of Japan over a period of 3 years between 2006 and 2008...
December 12, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229232/dyslipidemia-in-children-with-arterial-ischemic-stroke-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#17
Sally Sultan, Michael Dowling, Adam Kirton, Gabrielle DeVeber, Alexandra Linds, Mitchell S V Elkind
BACKGROUND: Risk factors for pediatric stroke are poorly understood and require study to improve prevention. Total cholesterol and triglyceride values peak to near-adult levels before puberty, a period of increased stroke incidence. The role of lipids in childhood arterial ischemic stroke has been minimally investigated. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of lipid and Lp(a) concentrations in children with arterial ischemic stroke in the International Pediatric Stroke Study to compare the prevalence of dyslipidemia and high- or low-ranking lipid values in our dataset with reported population values...
October 10, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227756/erratum
#18
(no author information available yet)
Vall EA, Kibbe DL, Greene C, Smith KS, O'Connor JC. Leading the way in preventing childhood obesity in Georgia. Public Health Rep. 2017;132(suppl 2):3S-6S (Original DOI: 10.1177/0033354917722993) In the above referenced article, the author names were originally listed in the incorrect order. The correct order is given above. The order has also been corrected online and in print.
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225542/the-plausibility-of-an-association-between-maternal-obesity-and-onset-of-childhood-epilepsy-a-well-rounded-robust-argument-or-a-thin-epidemiologic-association
#19
COMMENT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225195/strengthening-integration-of-clinical-and-public-health-systems-to-prevent-maternal-child-obesity-in-the-first-1-000days-a-collective-impact-approach
#20
Tiffany Blake-Lamb, Alexy Arauz Boudreau, Sarah Matathia, Etna Tiburcio, Meghan E Perkins, Brianna Roche, Milton Kotelchuck, Derri Shtasel, Sarah N Price, Elsie M Taveras
INTRODUCTION: Obesity interventions may be most effective if they begin in the earliest stages of life, support changes across family, clinical, and public health systems, and address socio-contextual factors. METHODS: The First 1000Days is a systematic program starting in early pregnancy lasting through the first 24months of infancy to prevent obesity among low-income mother-infant pairs in three community health centers in Massachusetts. The program uses a Collective Impact approach to create the infrastructure for sustained, system-wide changes for obesity prevention across early life clinical and public health services, including Obstetrics, Pediatrics, Adult Medicine, Behavioral Health, Nutrition, Community Health, the Women, Infants and Children (WIC) program, and the Maternal, Infant and Childhood Home Visiting program...
December 7, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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