Read by QxMD icon Read

Saos-2 AND osteoclast

Susanne Drynda, Andreas Drynda, Bernd Feuerstein, Jörn Kekow, Christoph H Lohmann, Jessica Bertrand
Bone homeostasis, the balance of bone formation and resorption is affected by numerous influences, such as, hormones, inflammation, mechanical load, and external stimuli. The Transforming Growth Factor-beta (TGF-β), which exists in three isoforms in humans, is a major factor in the maintenance of this balance by regulating osteoblast and osteoclast maturation, development, and function. In artificial joint replacements, release of particles or ions from arthroplasties may exert local effects on the periprosthetic tissue and modulate the expression of bone specific genes and functions...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Ashraf B Abdel-Naim, Abdullah A Alghamdi, Mardi M Algandaby, Fahad A Al-Abbasi, Ahmed M Al-Abd, Hossam M Abdallah, Ali M El-Halawany, Masao Hattori
Osteoporosis is a serious health problem characterized by decreased bone mineral density and deterioration of bone microarchitecture. Current antiosteoporotic agents exhibit a wide range of adverse effects; meanwhile, phytochemicals are effective and safer alternatives. In the current work, nine compounds belonging to hydroxyphenylalkane and diarylheptanoid groups were isolated from Aframomum meleguea seeds and identified as 6-gingerol (1), 6-paradol (2), 8-dehydrogingerdione (3), 8-gingerol (4), dihydro-6-paradol (5), dihydrogingerenone A (6), dihydrogingerenone C (7), 1,7-bis(3,4-dihydroxy-5-methoxyphenyl)heptane-3,5-diyl diacetate (8), and 1-(3,4-dihydroxy-5-methoxyphenyl)-7-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)heptane-3,5-diyl diacetate (9)...
September 4, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Yasuaki Yamakawa, Hiroshi Tazawa, Joe Hasei, Shuhei Osaki, Toshinori Omori, Kazuhisa Sugiu, Tadashi Komatsubara, Kouji Uotani, Tomohiro Fujiwara, Aki Yoshida, Toshiyuki Kunisada, Yasuo Urata, Shunsuke Kagawa, Toshifumi Ozaki, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara
Osteosarcoma is an aggressive malignant bone tumor that causes bone destruction. Although tumor-specific replicating oncolytic adenovirus OBP-301 induces an antitumor effect in an osteosarcoma tumor, it cannot prevent bone destruction. Zoledronic acid (ZOL) is a clinically available agent that inhibits bone destruction. In this study, we investigated the potential of combination therapy with OBP-301 and ZOL against osteosarcomas with bone destruction. The antitumor activity of OBP-301 and ZOL in monotherapy or combination therapy was assessed using three human osteosarcoma cell lines (143B, MNNG/HOS, SaOS-2)...
September 2017: Cancer Science
F Mussano, T Genova, M Corsalini, G Schierano, F Pettini, D Di Venere, S Carossa
Bone is the second most manipulated tissue after blood. Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) may become a convenient source of MSC for bone regenerative protocols. Surprisingly, little is known about the most significant biomolecules these cells produce and release after being osteoinduced. Therefore, the present study aimed at dosing 13 candidates chosen among the most representative cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors within the conditioned media of osteodifferentiated and undifferentiated ASCs. Two acknowledged osteoblastic cell models, that is, MG-63 and SaOs-2 cells, were compared...
2017: Stem Cells International
B Arbez, H Libouban
Beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) is a synthetic ceramic used for filling bone defects. It is a good alternative to autologous grafts since it is biocompatible, resorbable and osteoconductive. Previous in vivo studies have shown that macrophages are one of the first cells coming in contact with the biomaterial followed by osteoclasts and osteoblasts that will elaborate new bone packets. Studies have focused on osteoclast morphology and very few of them have investigated the role of macrophages. The aims of this study were to characterize (i) the biomaterial surface; (ii) the in vitro behavior of macrophages (J774...
May 12, 2017: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
Yongming Xi, Yan Chen
Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary bone cancer, which occurs primarily in children and adolescents. Functional loss of the tumor suppressor PTEN has been demonstrated in bone malignancies including OS. We have recently reported that Pten expression inversely correlates with OS aggressiveness in mouse models. However, the mechanism whereby PTEN exerts its anti-tumor effect remains unknown. In this study, we first examined the expression of PTEN in human OS cell lines including U2OS, MG63 and Saos-2, and found that PTEN expression is reduced as compared to normal human osteoblasts...
September 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
S Rudnick-Glick, E Corem-Salkmon, I Grinberg, S Margel
BACKGROUND: Most primary and metastatic bone tumors demonstrate increased osteoclast activity and bone resorption. Current treatment is based on a combination of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Severe side effects are associated with chemotherapy due to use of high dosage and nonspecific uptake. Bisphosphonates have a strong affinity to Ca(2+) ions and are widely used in the treatment of bone disorders. RESULTS: We have engineered a unique biodegradable bisphosphonate nanoparticle (NPs) bearing two functional surface groups: (1) primary amine groups for covalent attachment of a dye/drug (e...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
Mi Hye Kim, Hye Ji Lee, Jung-Chul Park, Jongki Hong, Woong Mo Yang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Zanthoxylum piperitum (ZP) has been used to prevent toothache in East Asia. AIM OF STUDY: In this study, we investigated the effects of ZP on periodontitis along with alveolar bone loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned into 4 groups; non-ligated (NOR), ligated and treated vehicle (CTR), ligated and treated 1mg/mL ZP (ZP1), and ligated and treated 100mg/mL ZP (ZP100)...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Laura Casarrubios, María Concepción Matesanz, Sandra Sánchez-Salcedo, Daniel Arcos, María Vallet-Regí, María Teresa Portolés
HYPOTHESIS: Silicon substituted hydroxyapatites (SiHA) are highly crystalline bioceramics treated at high temperatures (about 1200°C) which have been approved for clinical use with spinal, orthopedic, periodontal, oral and craniomaxillofacial applications. The preparation of SiHA with lower temperature methods (about 700°C) provides nanocrystalline SiHA (nano-SiHA) with enhanced bioreactivity due to higher surface area and smaller crystal size. The aim of this study has been to know the nanocrystallinity effects on the response of both osteoblasts and osteoclasts (the two main cell types involved in bone remodelling) to silicon substituted hydroxyapatite...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Lucas Novaes Teixeira, Larissa Moreira Spinola de Castro Raucci, Gabriela Caroline Alonso, Ricardo Della Coletta, Adalberto Luiz Rosa, Paulo Tambasco de Oliveira
This study evaluated the temporal expression of osteopontin (OPN) in co-cultures of human osteoblastic cells (SAOS-2) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC)-derived cells (SCC9) and examined the effects of osteoblast-derived OPN on the neoplastic cell phenotype. Additionally, the effects of these co-cultures on subsequent osteoclastic activity were explored. SCC9 cells were plated on Transwell® membranes that were either coated or not coated with Matrigel and were then co-cultured with SAOS-2 cells during the peak of OPN expression...
September 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
In-Ho Kim, Min-Yu Chung, Ji Young Shin, Daeseok Han
The protective effect of Phellinus linteus (ethanol extract) against osteoporosis was investigated using the Saos-2 human osteoblast-like cell line and osteoclasts. A nontoxic concentration of Ph. linteus (10-2 to 10-8 mg mL-1) increased alkaline phosphatase (ALP) (EC activity to a larger extent than soy did. Ph. linteus also attenuated the number and the activity of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive multinucleated osteoclasts. These results indicate that Ph. linteus likely regulated both osteoblasts and osteoclasts, contributing to the protection against osteoporosis...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Pierre Avril, Louis-Romée Le Nail, Meadhbh Á Brennan, Philippe Rosset, Gonzague De Pinieux, Pierre Layrolle, Dominique Heymann, Pierre Perrot, Valérie Trichet
Conventional therapy of primary bone tumors includes surgical excision with wide resection, which leads to physical and aesthetic defects. For reconstruction of bone and joints, allografts can be supplemented with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Similarly, adipose tissue transfer (ATT) is supplemented with adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) to improve the efficient grafting in the correction of soft tissue defects. MSC-like cells may also be used in tumor-targeted cell therapy. However, MSC may have adverse effects on sarcoma development...
March 2016: Journal of Bone Oncology
Marcelo A Villagran, Francisco A Gutierrez-Castro, Diego F Pantoja, Jose C Alarcon, Macarena A Fariña, Romina F Amigo, Natalia A Muñoz-Godoy, Mabel G Pinilla, Eduardo A Peña, Ivan Gonzalez-Chavarria, Jorge R Toledo, Coralia I Rivas, Juan C Vera, Eileen M McNerney, Sergio A Onate
Prostate cancer (CaP) bone metastasis is an early event that remains inactive until later-stage progression. Reduced levels of circulating androgens, due to andropause or androgen deprivation therapies, alter androgen receptor (AR) coactivator expression. Coactivators shift the balance towards enhanced AR-mediated gene transcription that promotes progression to androgen-resistance. Disruptions in coregulators may represent a molecular switch that reactivates latent bone metastasis. Changes in AR-mediated transcription in androgen-sensitive LNCaP and androgen-resistant C4-2 cells were analyzed for AR coregulator recruitment in co-culture with Saos-2 and THP-1...
November 27, 2015: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Caroline A Martins, Gabriele Leyhausen, Joachim Volk, Werner Geurtsen
INTRODUCTION: The dietary pigment curcumin is a natural polyphenol extracted from the Curcuma longa rhizomes native to South Asia. The antioxidative, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory activities besides its unknown side effects suggest that curcumin could be a promising antiresorptive agent to prevent replacement resorption in replanted teeth after traumatic avulsion. Piperine, an alkaloid present in black pepper, seems to enhance the bioavailability and activity of curcumin. Therefore, this study evaluated the biocompatibility of curcumin and piperine in cultures of periodontal ligament cells as well as their effects in an in vitro osteoclastogenesis model of RAW 264...
October 2015: Journal of Endodontics
J L Berlier, I Kharroubi, J Zhang, A Dalla Valle, S Rigutto, M Mathieu, V Gangji, J Rasschaert
Human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSC) are able to differentiate into cells of connective tissue lineages, including bone and cartilage. They are therefore considered as a promising tool for the treatment of bone degenerative diseases. One of the major issues in regenerative cell therapy is the biosafety of fetal bovine serum used for cell culture. Therefore, the development of a culture medium devoid of serum but preserving hBMSC viability will be of clinical value. The glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) has an anti-apoptotic action in insulin-producing cells...
December 2015: Stem Cell Reviews
Zhong-Yuan Ren, Irma Machuca-Gayet, Chantal Domenget, Rene Buchet, Yuqing Wu, Pierre Jurdic, Saida Mebarek
AIM: The cysteine protease cathepsin K (CatK), abundantly expressed in osteoclasts, is responsible for the degradation of bone matrix proteins, including collagen type 1. Thus, CatK is an attractive target for new anti-resorptive osteoporosis therapies, but the wider effects of CatK inhibitors on bone cells also need to be evaluated to assess their effects on bone. Therefore, we selected, among a series of synthetized isothiosemicarbazides, two molecules which are highly selective CatK inhibitors (CKIs) to test their effects on osteoblasts and osteoclasts...
2015: PloS One
Miran Kang, Jung-Hee Song, Sung-Hee Park, Jong-Hee Lee, Hae Woong Park, Tae-Woon Kim
Phytic acid (myo-inositol hexakisphosphate) or phytate is considered an anti-nutrient due to the formation of precipitated complexes that strongly reduces the absorption of essential dietary minerals. In this study, brown rice with reduced phytate was made by inoculation with Lactobacillus sakei Wikim001 having high phytase activity. The effects of brown rice extract treated with L. sakei Wikim001 (BR-WK) on osteoblast differentiation and osteoclast formation were investigated. The proliferation of SaOS-2 cells was measured by the MTT assay...
December 2014: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
Werner E G Müller, Emad Tolba, Heinz C Schröder, Bärbel Diehl-Seifert, Thorben Link, Xiaohong Wang
Bioprinting/3D cell printing procedures for the preparation of scaffolds/implants have the potential to revolutionize regenerative medicine. Besides biocompatibility and biodegradability, the hardness of the scaffold material is of critical importance to allow sufficient mechanical protection and, to the same extent, allow migration, cell-cell, and cell-substrate contact formation of the matrix-embedded cells. In the present study, we present a strategy to encase a bioprinted, cell-containing, and soft scaffold with an electrospun mat...
October 2014: Biotechnology Journal
Benjamin H Mullin, Cyril Mamotte, Richard L Prince, Scott G Wilson
Osteoporosis is a common bone disease that has a strong genetic component. Genome-wide linkage studies have identified the chromosomal region 3p14-p22 as a quantitative trait locus for bone mineral density (BMD). We have previously identified associations between variation in two related genes located in 3p14-p22, ARHGEF3 and RHOA, and BMD in women. In this study we performed knockdown of these genes using small interfering RNA (siRNA) in human osteoblast-like and osteoclast-like cells in culture, with subsequent microarray analysis to identify genes differentially regulated from a list of 264 candidate genes...
2014: PloS One
Carmen Campanile, Matthias J E Arlt, Stefanie D Krämer, Michael Honer, Ana Gvozdenovic, Patrick Brennecke, Cindy R Fischer, Adam A Sabile, Adrienne Müller, Simon M Ametamey, Walter Born, Roger Schibli, Bruno Fuchs
UNLABELLED: The aim of this study was to characterize the different phenotypes of osteosarcoma by PET, comparing the uptake of 3 tracers ((18)F-FDG, (18)F-fluoromisonidazole [(18)F-FMISO], and (18)F-fluoride) in preclinical mouse models that reflect the heterogeneity of the human disease. METHODS: Mouse LM8 osteosarcoma, human 143B, and Caprin-1 stably overexpressing SaOS-2 cells were injected intratibially in C3H and severe-combined immunodeficient mice. PET imaging with (18)F-FDG, (18)F-FMISO, and (18)F-fluoride was performed in these mouse models, and a ratio between the standardized uptake value of the primary tumor and a control area of bone was calculated and compared among the models...
August 2013: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"