Read by QxMD icon Read


Amanda Golembesky, Maureen Cooney, Rossen Boev, Anne-Françoise Schlit, Jürgen W G Bentz
Managing symptoms of allergic rhinitis (AR) and urticaria in pregnant women is important to reduce complications and negative outcomes. The objective of this study was to provide information on the pregnancy outcomes of women exposed to the antihistamine cetirizine (CTZ). The UCB Pharma Patient Safety Database was searched for pregnancies up to 28 February 2015. Maternal CTZ exposure reports were extracted, and pregnancy outcomes were examined, including exposure, comorbidities and infant events. 228 of 522 pregnancies with maternal CTZ exposure had available outcomes; 49 were prospective...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Shijie Ren, Iñigo Bermejo, Emma Simpson, Ruth Wong, David L Scott, Adam Young, Matt Stevenson
As part of its single technology appraisal process, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence invited the manufacturer (Eli Lilly) of baricitinib (BARI; Olumiant® ; a Janus kinase inhibitor that is taken orally) to submit evidence of its clinical and cost effectiveness for the treatment of moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA) after the failure of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). The School of Health and Related Research Technology Appraisal Group at the University of Sheffield was commissioned to act as the independent Evidence Review Group (ERG)...
March 3, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
Ângela Almeida, Vânia Calisto, Valdemar I Esteves, Rudolf J Schneider, Amadeu M V M Soares, Etelvina Figueira, Rosa Freitas
In the aquatic environment, organisms are exposed to complex mixtures of contaminants which may alter the toxicity profile of each compound, compared to its toxicity alone. Pharmaceutical drugs (e.g. carbamazepine (CBZ) and cetirizine (CTZ)) and metals (e.g. cadmium (Cd)) are among those contaminants that co-occur in the environment. However, most studies concerning their toxicity towards aquatic species are based on single exposure experiments. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate single and combined effects of Cd and CBZ or CTZ (single conditions: Cd, CTZ, CBZ; combined conditions: CTZ + Cd, CBZ + Cd) on biomarkers related to oxidative stress and energy metabolism in the edible clam Ruditapes philippinarum, by exposing the organisms for 28 days to environmentally relevant concentrations of these contaminants...
February 19, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
Ângela Almeida, Rosa Freitas, Vânia Calisto, Valdemar I Esteves, Rudolf J Schneider, Amadeu M V M Soares, Etelvina Figueira, Bruno Campos, Carlos Barata
Several works evaluated the toxicity of pharmaceutical drugs and climate related changes in invertebrates but few explored the combined effects of both stressors, namely considering their mode of action (MoA). Carbamazepine (CBZ) and cetirizine (CTZ) are pharmaceutical drugs detected in the environment and the toxicity derived from the combined effects of these drugs with ocean acidification (OA) is poorly explored. Thus, the present study investigated the biochemical parameters related to an oxidative stress response and the transcription of genes related to the MoA of CBZ (1...
January 17, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Daniel P Radin, Yong-Xin Li, Gary Rogers, Richard Purcell, Arnold Lippa
It was previously reported that Stargazin (STG) enhances the surface expression of AMPA receptors, controls receptor gating and slows channel desensitization as an auxiliary subunit of the receptors. Ampakines are a class of AMPA receptor positive allosteric modulators that modify rates of transmitter binding, channel activity and desensitization parameters. As such, they have shown efficacy in animal models of neurodegenerative diseases, where excitatory synaptic transmission is compromised. Given the functional similarities between STG and ampakines, the current study sought to probe interactions between STG and ampakine gating properties...
January 9, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
Wei Zhang, Clarissa Eibl, Autumn M Weeks, Irene Riva, Yan-Jun Li, Andrew J R Plested, James R Howe
Wild-type AMPA receptors display a characteristic rapidly desensitizing phenotype. Many studies point to the dimer interface between pairs of extracellular ligand binding domains as the key region controlling the rate at which the receptors desensitize. However, mutations at the extracellular end of the pore-forming regions (near the putative ion channel gate) have also been shown to alter desensitization. Here we report the behavior of single GluA4 receptors carrying one of two mutations that greatly reduce desensitization at the level of ensemble currents: the dimer interface mutation L484Y and the Lurcher mutation (A623T, GluA4-Lc) in the extracellular end of M3 (the second true transmembrane helix)...
November 21, 2017: Biophysical Journal
Jarika Kaewbanjong, Paul Wan Sia Heng, Prapaporn Boonme
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy of clotrimazole microemulsion (CTZ-ME) and its gel form, clotrimazole microemulsion-based gel (CTZ-MBG), for the treatment of oral candidiasis. METHODS: CTZ-ME and CTZ-MBG were characterized for droplet size and texture, respectively. The ex-vivo permeation study and irritancy assessment of CTZ-ME and CTZ-MBG were performed using chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) as the model. Antifungal activity against Candida albicans ATCC 10 231 of CTZ-ME and CTZ-MBG was determined by agar diffusion method compared to the blank counterparts...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Juan D Goutman
Inner hair cells (IHCs) in the cochlea are the mammalian phono-receptors, transducing sound energy into graded changes in membrane potentials, the so called "receptor potentials." Ribbon synapses between IHCs and auditory nerve neurons are responsible for converting receptor potentials into spike rates. The characteristics of auditory nerve responses to sound have been described extensively. For instance, persistent acoustic stimulation produces sensory adaptation, which is revealed as a reduction in neuronal spike rate with time constants in the range of milliseconds to seconds...
September 5, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
T Pimchan, D Maensiri, G Eumkeb
To address the resistance of Acinetobacter baumannii to β-lactam antibiotics, combination therapy between different antibiotic classes is increasingly used. The antibacterial activity of α-mangostin (AMT) alone or in combination with ceftazidime (CTZ) was investigated against ceftazidime-resistant A. baumannii DMST 45378 (CRAB). Initial screening showed that A. baumannii strains possessed AmpC β-lactamase (AmpC), extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) and metallo-β-lactamases (MBL). Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of all test agents were >800 μg ml(-1) against CRAB...
October 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
Poonam B Jaiswal, Jack K Tung, Robert E Gross, Arthur W English
Inhibitory luminopsins (iLMO2) integrate opto- and chemo-genetic approaches and allow for cell-type specific inhibition of neuronal activity. When exposed to a Renilla luciferase substrate, Coelenterazine (CTZ), iLMO2 generates bioluminescence-mediated activation of its amino-terminal halorhodopsin, resulting in neuronal inhibition. Moderate daily exercise in the form of interval treadmill-training (IT) applied following a peripheral nerve injury results in enhanced motor axon regeneration and muscle fiber reinnervation in female mice...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
Xiaoping Yu, Yuzhi Mu, Mengxue Xu, Guixue Xia, Juan Wang, Ya Liu, Xiguang Chen
To develop a functional nanosized mucosal drug delivery system, a series of amphiphilic cetirizine-chitosan polymer (CTZ-CSs) were constructed. CTZ-CSs could self-assemble into nanoparticles (NPs) which gradually evolved from irregular aggregates to spherical particles with an increasing substitution degree (DS) in CTZ group. The average particle size of CTZ-CSs-NPs with nano ZS90 Zetasizer varied from 153.92nm to 184.48nm and their zeta potential varied between +19.14mV and +22.93mV. Biocompatibility assay exhibited CTZ-CS-NPs had few adverse effects within a certain concentration range...
October 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Marília Nardelli Siebert, Jacó Joaquim Mattos, Guilherme Toledo-Silva, Guilherme Razzera, Afonso Celso Dias Bainy
Vertebrate cytochrome P450 1 (CYP1) enzymes metabolize endogenous and xenobiotic compounds and usually demonstrate a substrate-inducible response. Ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase activity (EROD) is a common method to quantify CYP1 enzymes activity in these organisms. Despite the absence of this gene family in protostomes, CYP1-like genes were identified in several species, even though no evolutionary relationship has been established with the vertebrate CYP1 family. In the present study, EROD activity was evaluated in microsomal fraction of gills, digestive gland and mantle of Crassostrea gigas...
August 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
Marc Bourgin, Ewa Borowska, Jakob Helbing, Juliane Hollender, Hans-Peter Kaiser, Cornelia Kienle, Christa S McArdell, Eszter Simon, Urs von Gunten
The efficiency of ozone-based processes under various conditions was studied for the treatment of a surface water (Lake Zürich water, Switzerland) spiked with 19 micropollutants (pharmaceuticals, pesticides, industrial chemical, X-ray contrast medium, sweetener) each at 1 μg L-1 . Two pilot-scale ozonation reactors (4-5 m3  h-1 ), a 4-chamber reactor and a tubular reactor, were investigated by either conventional ozonation and/or the advanced oxidation process (AOP) O3 /H2 O2 . The effects of selected operational parameters, such as ozone dose (0...
October 1, 2017: Water Research
F Proft, H Schulze-Koops, M Grunke, E Schrezenmeier, F Halleck, J Henes, L Unger, E Schmidt, C Fiehn, A Jacobi, C Iking-Konert, C Kneitz, R E Schmidt, B Bannert, R E Voll, R Fischer-Betz, I Kötter, H P Tony, J Holle, M Aringer, A Erler, F Behrens, G R Burmester, T Dörner
BACKGROUND: The German Registry of Autoimmune Diseases 2 (GRAID2) is a retrospective, non-interventional, multicenter registry study collecting data from patients with inflammatory, mainly rheumatic diseases refractory to standard of care therapy and treated with an off-label biologic therapy. The retrospective documentation comprised case history, diagnosis, course of disease (including safety and global efficacy). The objective was to evaluate the global clinical outcome and safety of off-label biologic therapy in clinical practice...
June 6, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
Ângela Almeida, Vânia Calisto, Valdemar I Esteves, Rudolf J Schneider, Amadeu M V M Soares, Etelvina Figueira, Rosa Freitas
Cetirizine (CTZ) is an antihistaminic drug present in the aquatic environment, with limited information on its toxicity to organisms inhabiting this system. This study intended to evaluate the effects of CTZ on oxidative stress and energy metabolism biomarkers in the edible clam Ruditapes philippinarum after a 28days exposure to environmentally relevant CTZ concentrations (0.0, 0.3, 3.0, 6.0 and 12.0μg/L). The results obtained showed that CTZ was accumulated by clams reaching maximum concentrations (up to ~22ng/g FW) at the highest CTZ exposure concentrations (6...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Ryo Nishihara, Masahiro Abe, Shigeru Nishiyama, Daniel Citterio, Koji Suzuki, Sung Bae Kim
Spectral overlaps among the multiple optical readouts commonly cause optical contamination in fluorescence and bioluminescence. To tackle this issue, we created five-different lineages of coelenterazine (CTZ) analogues designed to selectively illuminate a specific luciferase with unique luciferase selectivity. In the attempt, we found that CTZ analogues with ethynyl or styryl groups display dramatically biased bioluminescence to specific luciferases and pHs by modifying the functional groups at the C-2 and C-6 positions of the imidazopyradinone backbone of CTZ...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
Anke Lange, Jenna Corcoran, Shinichi Miyagawa, Taisen Iguchi, Matthew J Winter, Charles R Tyler
In mammals, the pregnane X receptor (PXR) is a transcription factor with a key role in regulating expression of several genes involved in drug biotransformation. PXR is present in fish and some genes known to be under its control can be up-regulated by mammalian PXR ligands. Despite this, direct involvement of PXR in drug biotransformation in fish has yet to be established. Here, the full length PXR sequence was cloned from carp (Cyprinus carpio) and used in a luciferase reporter assay to elucidate its role in xenobiotic metabolism in fish...
June 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
Christopher J Michaud, Kendall C Mintus
BACKGROUND: In cases of loop diuretic resistance in the intensive care unit (ICU), recommendations for a specific second-line thiazide agent are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of intravenous chlorothiazide (CTZ) and enteral metolazone (MET) on urine output (UOP) when added to furosemide monotherapy therapy in critically ill adults. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted in the medical, surgical, and cardiothoracic ICUs of a quaternary medical center...
April 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
Nopphasul Sirijant, Rasana W Sermswan, Surasakdi Wongratanacheewin
Burkholderia pseudomallei, the causative agent of melioidosis, has been found to increase its resistance to antibiotics when growing as a biofilm. The resistance is related to several mechanisms. One of the possible mechanisms is the efflux pump. Using bioinformatics analysis, it was found that BPSL1661, BPSL1664 and BPSL1665 were orthologous genes of the efflux transporter encoding genes for biofilm-related antibiotic resistance, PA1874-PA1877 genes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain PAO1. Expression of selected encoding genes for the efflux transporter system during biofilm formation were investigated...
November 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
Babita Kumari, Karthikeyan Kesavan
Clotrimazole (CTZ) is a broad spectrum antimycotic agent known to be very effective locally for the treatment of fungal skin infections. The aim of this study was to study the effect of chitosan-coated microemulsion (CME) for topical delivery of CTZ and also evaluate its in vitro antifungal efficacy, ex vivo permeation and retention ability on the skin surface. The pseudo-ternary phase diagrams were developed using clove oil as oil phase, Tween 80 and propylene glycol as surfactant and co-surfactant, respectively, and distilled water as aqueous phase...
June 2017: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"