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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781031/spectroscopic-evidence-for-hydration-and-dehydration-of-lipid-bilayers-upon-interaction-with-metal-ions-a-new-physical-insight
#1
Soumya Kanti De, Nishu Kanwa, Mirajuddin Ahamed, Anjan Chakraborty
In this manuscript, we investigate the interactions of different metal ions with zwitterionic phospholipid bilayers of different chain lengths using the well-known membrane probe PRODAN and steady state and time resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. We used three zwitterionic lipids that are widely different in their phase transition temperature, namely, dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC), 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC), and 2-oleoyl-1-palmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC) and salts of zinc (Zn), calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg)...
May 21, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780316/resonance-analysis-as-a-tool-for-characterizing-functional-division-of-layer-5-pyramidal-neurons
#2
Melvin A Felton, Alfred B Yu, David L Boothe, Kelvin S Oie, Piotr J Franaszczuk
Evidence suggests that layer 5 pyramidal neurons can be divided into functional zones with unique afferent connectivity and membrane characteristics that allow for post-synaptic integration of feedforward and feedback inputs. To assess the existence of these zones and their interaction, we characterized the resonance properties of a biophysically-realistic compartmental model of a neocortical layer 5 pyramidal neuron. Consistent with recently published theoretical and empirical findings, our model was configured to have a "hot zone" in distal apical dendrite and apical tuft where both high- and low-threshold Ca2+ ionic conductances had densities 1-2 orders of magnitude higher than anywhere else in the apical dendrite...
2018: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777777/mir-128-3p-directly-targets-vegfc-vegfr3-to-modulate-the-proliferation-of-lymphatic-endothelial-cells-through-ca-2-signaling
#3
Jie Zhou, Zhiyou He, Le Guo, Jizhang Zeng, Pengfei Liang, Licheng Ren, Minghua Zhang, Pihong Zhang, Xiaoyuan Huang
Lymphangiogenesis has been regarded as a physiological response to pathologic stimuli. The abnormal proliferation of lymphatic endothelial cell (LECs) and lymphangiogenesis is involved in the development of lymphatic disorders. Reportedly, VEGFC/VEGFR3 plays a key role in lymphangiogenesis; moreover, VEGFC/VEGFR3 exerts their cellular effects through activation of Ca2+ signaling in several cell types. Herein, we demonstrated that VEGFC significantly up-regulated LEC proliferation through VEGFR3; moreover, VEGFC/VEGFR3 induced Ca2+ signaling activation...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775644/redox-signal-mediated-trpm2-promotes-ang-ii-induced-adipocyte-insulin-resistance-via-ca-2-dependent-camkii-jnk-cascade
#4
Min Gao, Yu Du, Jing-Wen Xie, Jing Xue, Yi-Ting Wang, Li Qin, Ming-Ming Ma, Yong-Bo Tang, Xiao-Yan Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Redox-sensitive transient receptor potential melastatin 2 (TRPM2) is a Ca2+ -permeable, nonselective cation channel which plays a crucial role in various physiological processes. However, little is known whether TRPM2 is involved in adipocyte dysfunction during hypertension. In the present study, we determined the role of TRPM2 in angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced insulin resistance in adipocytes and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Ang II-induced adipocyte insulin resistant model was conducted...
May 15, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773804/smooth-muscle-like-ca-2-regulation-of-actin-myosin-interaction-in-adult-jellyfish-striated-muscle
#5
Hiroyuki Tanaka, Shiori Ishimaru, Yasuhiro Nagatsuka, Keisuke Ohashi
Cnidaria is an animal phylum, whose members probably have the most ancestral musculature. We prepared and characterized, for the first time to our knowledge, native actomyosin from the striated myoepithelium of the adult moon jelly Aurelia sp. The actomyosin contained myosin, paramyosin-like protein, Ser/Thr-kinase, actin, and two isoforms of tropomyosin, but not troponin, which is known to activate contraction dependent on intracellular Ca2+ signaling in almost all striated muscles of bilaterians. Notably, the myosin comprised striated muscle-type heavy chain and smooth muscle-type regulatory light chains...
May 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772536/investigation-of-the-structure-and-dynamic-of-calmodulin-nitric-oxide-synthase-complexes-using-nmr-spectroscopy
#6
Michael Piazza, Thorsten Dieckmann, Joseph Guy Guillemette
NMR spectroscopy allows for the determination of high resolution structures, as well as being an efficient method for studying the dynamics of protein-protein and protein-peptide complexes. 15 N relaxation and H/D exchange experiments allow for the analysis of these structural dynamics at a residue specific level. Calmodulin (CaM) is a small cytosolic Ca2+ binding protein that serves as a control element for many enzymes. An important target of CaM are the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) enzymes that play a major role in a number of key physiological and pathological processes...
June 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772530/deciphering-mechanism-of-conformationally-controlled-electron-transfer-in-nitric-oxide-synthases
#7
Jinghui Li, Huayu Zheng, Changjian Feng
Electron transfer is a fundamental process in life that is very often coupled to catalysis within redox enzymes through a stringent control of protein conformational movements. Mammalian nitric oxide synthase (NOS) proteins are redox flavo-hemoproteins consisting of multiple modular domains. The NOS enzyme is exquisitely regulated in vivo by its partner, the Ca2+ sensing protein calmodulin (CaM), to control production of nitric oxide (NO). The importance of functional domain motion in NOS regulation has been increasingly recognized...
June 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771502/atmospheric-co2-enrichment-and-reactive-nitrogen-inputs-interactively-stimulate-soil-cation-losses-and-acidification
#8
Li Zhang, Yunpeng Qiu, Lei Cheng, Yi Wang, Lingli Liu, Cong Tu, Dan C Bowman, Kent O Burkey, Xinmin Bian, Weijian Zhang, Shuijin Hu
Reactive N inputs (Nr) may alleviate N-limitation of plant growth and are assumed to help sustain plant responses to the rising atmospheric CO2 (eCO2). However, Nr and eCO2 may elicit a cascade reaction that alters soil chemistry and nutrient availability, shifting the limiting factors of plant growth, particularly in acidic tropical and subtropical croplands with low organic matter and low nutrient cations. Yet, few have so far examined the interactive effects of Nr and eCO2 on the dynamics of soil cation nutrients and soil acidity...
May 17, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770830/negative-net-charge-of-ef-hand-loop-i-can-affect-both-calcium-sensitivity-and-substrate-binding-pattern-in-mnemiopsin-2
#9
Masoomeh Vafa, Khosrow Khalifeh, Vahab Jafarian
Mnemiopsin 2 from Mnemiopsis leidy has three Ca2+-binding motifs and has luminescence properties in the presence of calcium and coelenterazine. It has been reported that the pattern of calcium binding among EF-hand loops of various photoproteins is different. Here, we designed and constructed two variants of mnemiopsin 2 (E50G/D47N and E50G/E53T mutants) with modified EF-hand I in which the negative charge in the first loop was reduced. According to the activity measurements, the initial intensity of mutants decreases; while the decay rate increases in E50G/D47N...
May 17, 2018: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769309/etoposide-induced-protein-2-4-functions-as-a-regulator-of-the-calcium-atpase-and-protects-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cell-survival
#10
Lin Yuan, Huiyu Wang, Qi Liu, Zhe Wang, Mingshu Zhang, Yan Zhao, Kuo Liang, Liangyi Chen, Tao Xu, Pingyong Xu
Calcium homeostasis is essential for maintaining the viability and function of pancreatic β cells and plays a key role in preventing the development of diabetes. Decreased levels of ATPase sarco-plasmic/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ -transporting 2 (ATP2a2), the main calcium pump in β cells, are often found in individuals with diabetes and in diabetic animal models. However, the regulators of ATP2a2 and the molecular mechanisms responsible for controlling ATP2a2 activity remain unclear. Etoposide-induced protein 2...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767755/protein-phosphatase-2c-ap2c1-interacts-with-and-negatively-regulates-the-function-of-cipk9-under-potassium-deficient-conditions-in-arabidopsis
#11
Amarjeet Singh, Akhilesh K Yadav, Kanwaljeet Kaur, Sibaji K Sanyal, Saroj K Jha, Joel L Fernandes, Pankhuri Sharma, Indu Tokas, Amita Pandey, Sheng Luan, Girdhar K Pandey
Potassium (K+) is a major macronutrient required for plant growth. In response to low- K+ condition, an adaptive mechanism entails activation of the Ca2+ signaling network consisting of calcineurin B-like proteins (CBLs) and their interacting kinases (CIPKs) in plants. The CBL-interacting protein kinase 9 (CIPK9) is previously implicated in low-K+ responses in Arabidopsis thaliana. Here, we report a protein phosphatase 2C (PP2C), AP2C1, as an interactor of CIPK9. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET), bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) and co-localization analyses revealed that CIPK9 and AP2C1 interact in the cytoplasm...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760952/downregulation-of-the-psychiatric-susceptibility-gene-cacna1c-promotes-mitochondrial-resilience-to-oxidative-stress-in-neuronal-cells
#12
Susanne Michels, Goutham K Ganjam, Helena Martins, Gerhard M Schratt, Markus Wöhr, Rainer K W Schwarting, Carsten Culmsee
Affective disorders such as major depression and bipolar disorder are among the most prevalent forms of mental illness and their etiologies involve complex interactions between genetic and environmental risk factors. Over the past ten years, several genome wide association studies (GWAS) have identified CACNA1C as one of the strongest genetic risk factors for the development of affective disorders. However, its role in disease pathogenesis is still largely unknown. Vulnerability to affective disorders also involves diverse environmental risk factors such as perinatal insults, childhood maltreatment, and other adverse pathophysiological or psychosocial life events...
2018: Cell Death Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760086/mapping-the-functional-anatomy-of-orai1-transmembrane-domains-for-crac-channel-gating
#13
Priscilla S-W Yeung, Megumi Yamashita, Christopher E Ing, Régis Pomès, Douglas M Freymann, Murali Prakriya
Store-operated Orai1 channels are activated through a unique inside-out mechanism involving binding of the endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ sensor STIM1 to cytoplasmic sites on Orai1. Although atomic-level details of Orai structure, including the pore and putative ligand binding domains, are resolved, how the gating signal is communicated to the pore and opens the gate is unknown. To address this issue, we used scanning mutagenesis to identify 15 residues in transmembrane domains (TMs) 1-4 whose perturbation activates Orai1 channels independently of STIM1...
May 14, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758467/ligation-events-influence-alg-2-dimerization
#14
Michael T Henzl
ALG-2 dimerization was studied using Förster resonance-energy-transfer. D162C variants of ALG-2des23 were covalently modified with Alexa Fluor 488 and Alexa Fluor 647. When samples of the two labeled protein-preparations are combined, the sensitized emission from AF647 serves as a sensitive probe of dimer formation. At 25 °C, in the absence of divalent ions, the wild-type homodimer, ΔGF122 homodimer, and heterodimer display dissociation constants of 7.1, 26, and 4.5 nM, respectively. At 35 °C, subunit interaction is weaker, indicating that dimer formation is exothermic...
May 5, 2018: Biophysical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758429/microbial-ecology-of-two-hot-springs-of-sikkim-predominate-population-and-geochemistry
#15
Ishfaq Nabi Najar, Mingma Thundu Sherpa, Sayak Das, Saurav Das, Nagendra Thakur
Northeastern regions of India are known for their floral and faunal biodiversity. Especially the state of Sikkim lies in the eastern Himalayan ecological hotspot region. The state harbors many sulfur rich hot springs which have therapeutic and spiritual values. However, these hot springs are yet to be explored for their microbial ecology. The development of neo generation techniques such as metagenomics has provided an opportunity for inclusive study of microbial community of different environment. The present study describes the microbial diversity in two hot springs of Sikkim that is Polok and Borong with the assist of culture dependent and culture independent approaches...
May 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757220/annexins-coordinators-of-cholesterol-homeostasis-in-endocytic-pathways
#16
REVIEW
Carles Rentero, Patricia Blanco-Muñoz, Elsa Meneses-Salas, Thomas Grewal, Carlos Enrich
The spatiotemporal regulation of calcium (Ca2+ ) storage in late endosomes (LE) and lysosomes (Lys) is increasingly recognized to influence a variety of membrane trafficking events, including endocytosis, exocytosis, and autophagy. Alterations in Ca2+ homeostasis within the LE/Lys compartment are implicated in human diseases, ranging from lysosomal storage diseases (LSDs) to neurodegeneration and cancer, and they correlate with changes in the membrane binding behaviour of Ca2+ -binding proteins. This also includes Annexins (AnxA), which is a family of Ca2+ -binding proteins participating in membrane traffic and tethering, microdomain organization, cytoskeleton interactions, Ca2+ signalling, and LE/Lys positioning...
May 12, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756482/physical-contact-between-human-vascular-endothelial-and-smooth-muscle-cells-modulates-cytosolic-and-nuclear-calcium-homeostasis
#17
Ghada S Hassan, Danielle Jacques, Pedro D'Orleans-Juste, Sheldon Magder, Ghassan Bkaily
The interaction between vascular endothelial cells (VECs) and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) plays an important role in the modulation of vascular tone. There is however no information on whether direct physical communication regulates the intracellular calcium levels of human VECs (hVECs) and/or hVSMCs . Thus, the objective of the study is to verify whether co-culture of hVECs and hVSMCs modulates cytosolic ([Ca2+]c) and nuclear calcium ([Ca2+]n) levels via physical contact and/or factors released by both cell types...
May 14, 2018: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753867/topiramate-mitigates-3-nitropropionic-acid-induced-striatal-neurotoxicity-via-modulation-of-ampa-receptors
#18
Heba N Shalaby, Dalia M El-Tanbouly, Hala F Zaki
Prevalence of glutamate receptor subunit 2 (GluR2)-lacking alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) receptors is a hallmark of excitotoxicity-related neurodegenerative diseases. Topiramate (TPM) is a structurally novel anticonvulsant with a well-known modulatory effects on AMPA/kainate subtypes of glutamate receptors. The present study aimed at investigating the neuroprotective potential of TPM on 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP)-induced striatal neurodegeneration and Huntington's disease-like symptoms...
May 10, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753257/salt-induced-effects-on-natural-and-inverse-dppc-lipid-membranes-molecular-dynamics-simulation
#19
Seyed Mojtaba Rezaei Sani, Mojdeh Akhavan, Seifollah Jalili
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of a dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) bilayer and its neutral inverse-phosphocholine equivalent (DPCPe) were performed to find salt-induced effects on their surface structure and the nature of ion-lipid interactions. We found that the area per lipid is not considerably affected by the inversion, but the deuterium order parameter of carbon atoms in the region of carbonyl carbons changes dramatically. MD simulations indicate that Ca2+ ions can bind to the surface of both DPPC and DPCPe membranes, but K+ ions do not bind to them...
May 3, 2018: Biophysical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752964/identification-and-characterization-of-a-calmodulin-binding-domain-in-the-plasma-membrane-ca-2-atpase-from-trypanosoma-equiperdum
#20
José Rubén Ramírez-Iglesias, María Carolina Pérez-Gordones, Jesús Rafael Del Castillo, Alfredo Mijares, Gustavo Benaim, Marta Mendoza
The plasma membrane Ca2+ -ATPase (PMCA) from trypanosomatids lacks a classical calmodulin (CaM) binding domain, although CaM stimulated activities have been detected by biochemical assays. Recently we proposed that the Trypanosoma equiperdum CaM-sensitive PMCA (TePMCA) contains a potential 1-18 CaM-binding motif at the C-terminal region of the pump. In the present study, we evaluated the potential CaM-binding motifs using CaM from Trypanosoma cruzi and either the recombinant full length TePMCA C-terminal sequence (P14) or synthetic peptides comprising different regions of the C-terminal domain...
May 9, 2018: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
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