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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806289/augmentation-of-the-nasal-dorsum-using-the-multi-stripped-autologous-cartilage-technique-mact
#1
Liqiang Liu, Zhaoyun Bu, Jincai Fan, Jia Tian, Cheng Gan, Zengjie Yang, Hu Jiao
Nasal augmentation is a popular modern technique requested by many Asian people.There are two kinds of autologous cartilage used to augment the nose at present: carved as a monobloc or diced into pieces. Each approach has its pros and cons.We performed our surgical technique on a group of 28 patients. Twenty of these patients had had several rhinoplasties performed before referral to our hospital; 8 of these patients had undergone a primary rhinoplasty. bilateral conchal, nasal septum, or rib cartilage were harvested, deep temporal fascia or abdominal muscle fascia to be prepared for packing stripped cartilage were also removed at this time...
August 3, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806135/changes-in-the-pseudogymnoascus-destructans-transcriptome-during-white-nose-syndrome-reveal-possible-mechanisms-for-both-virulence-and-host-resistance
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805721/conformal-prediction-based-on-k-nearest-neighbors-for-discrimination-of-ginsengs-by-a-home-made-electronic-nose
#3
Zhan Wang, Xiyang Sun, Jiacheng Miao, You Wang, Zhiyuan Luo, Guang Li
An estimate on the reliability of prediction in the applications of electronic nose is essential, which has not been paid enough attention. An algorithm framework called conformal prediction is introduced in this work for discriminating different kinds of ginsengs with a home-made electronic nose instrument. Nonconformity measure based on k-nearest neighbors (KNN) is implemented separately as underlying algorithm of conformal prediction. In offline mode, the conformal predictor achieves a classification rate of 84...
August 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805238/ultrasound-assessment-of-gastric-contents-in-children-undergoing-elective-ear-nose-and-throat-surgery-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
F-P Desgranges, A-C Gagey Riegel, C Aubergy, M de Queiroz Siqueira, D Chassard, L Bouvet
Ultrasound examination of the gastric antrum allows reliable assessment of gastric contents and volume. Postoperative assessment of gastric contents before recovery from anaesthesia could help the physician to choose the most appropriate extubation technique after surgery in children. In this prospective observational study, we assessed whether significant changes occurred in gastric contents during the intra-operative period in children undergoing elective ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgery. Children aged between six months and 16 years were recruited consecutively...
August 14, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802377/an-innovative-approach-to-improve-ear-nose-and-throat-surgical-access-for-remote-living-cape-york-indigenous-children
#5
Susan P Jacups, Denise Newman, Deborah Dean, Ann Richards, Kate M McConnon
INTRODUCTION: On a background of high rates of severe otitis media (OM) with associated hearing loss, children from the Torres Strait and Cape York region requiring ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgery, faced waiting times exceeding three years. After numerous clinical safety incidents were raised, indicating a failure of the current system to deliver appropriate care, the governing Hospital and Health service opted to deliver surgical care through an alternate process. ENT surgeries were performed on 16 consented children from two remote locations via the private health care system, funded by a health provider partnership...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800777/bortezomib-treatment-induces-a-higher-mortality-rate-in-lupus-model-mice-with-a-higher-disease-activity
#6
Tomoko Ikeda, Hiroshi Fujii, Masato Nose, Yukiko Kamogawa, Tsuyoshi Shirai, Yuko Shirota, Tomonori Ishii, Hideo Harigae
BACKGROUND: Bortezomib (Bz) is a proteasome inhibitor that directly targets antibody-producing plasma cells. We recently reported the first randomized control trial that evaluated the effects of Bz in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In that study, we demonstrated that Bz treatment is associated with many adverse reactions in patients with refractory disease. In the present study, we examine the therapeutic and toxic effects of Bz on MRL/MpJ-lpr/lpr (MRL/lpr) mice with severe disease activity...
August 11, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798909/analysis-of-urine-composition-in-type-ii-diabetic-mice-after-intervention-therapy-using-holothurian-polypeptides
#7
Yanyan Li, Jiajie Xu, Xiurong Su
Hydrolysates and peptide fractions (PF) obtained from sea cucumber with commercial enzyme were studied on the hyperglycemic and renal protective effects on db/db rats using urine metabolomics. Compared with the control group the polypeptides from the two species could significantly reduce the urine glucose and urea. We also tried to address the compositions of highly expressed urinary proteins using a proteomics approach. They were serum albumins, AMBP proteins, negative trypsin, elastase, and urinary protein, GAPDH, a receptor of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPAR), and Ig kappa chain C region...
2017: Frontiers in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797622/relationships-between-respiratory-parameters-exercise-capacity-and-psychosocial-factors-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#8
T O Awotidebe, O F Awopeju, L A Bisiriyu, R N Ativie, K I Oke, R A Adedoyin, O D Olusola, G E Erhabor
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) affects respiratory functioning and psychosocial factors. However, little is known about perceived ability of people with COPD to engage in a regular exercise program. This study assessed respiratory parameters, exercise capacity, psychosocial factors and their relations in people with COPD. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved patients with COPD recruited from a Nigerian university teaching hospital...
August 7, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797554/axial-pattern-flaps
#9
REVIEW
Kelley Thieman Mankin
Axial pattern flaps are based on a direct cutaneous artery and vein supplying a segment of skin. They provide a large, robust option for large wound closure. Many different axial pattern flaps have been described to provide options for closure of wounds located from the nose to the tail. All axial pattern flaps require good surgical technique and careful attention to detail while developing of the flap.
August 7, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796572/endoglin-and-alk1-as-therapeutic-targets-for-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia
#10
Lidia Ruiz-Llorente, Eunate Gallardo-Vara, Elisa Rossi, David M Smadja, Luisa M Botella, Carmelo Bernabeu
Hereditary Haemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT) is as an autosomal dominant trait characterized by frequent nose bleeds, mucocutaneous telangiectases, arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the lung, liver and brain, and gastrointestinal bleedings due to telangiectases. HHT is originated by mutations in genes whose encoded proteins are involved in the transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) family signalling of vascular endothelial cells. In spite of the great advances in the diagnosis as well as in the molecular, cellular and animal models of HHT, the current treatments remain just at the palliative level...
August 10, 2017: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796362/primary-cutaneous-acral-cd8-positive-t-cell-lymphoma-with-extra-cutaneous-involvement-a-long-standing-case-with-an-unexpected-progression
#11
Alberti-Violetti S, Fanoni D, Provasi M, Corti L, Venegoni L, Berti E
Primary cutaneous acral CD8+ T-cell lymphoma (acral CD8+ TCL) is a new provisional entity characterized by acral skin lesions and an indolent course. We describe an extraordinary case characterized by relapsed nodules with CD8+ cytotoxic infiltrates on the left ear. After 35 years, the skin lesions spread to other acral sites, and a mass with the same histological features as the other skin lesions appeared on the nose. Multiple courses of chemotherapy led to stable disease. Histological examinations carried out at different times showed the gradual transformation of the neoplastic cells with an increased proliferation index...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796097/comparison-of-two-different-grafts-in-nasal-framework-reconstruction-of-binder-syndrome-cartilage-and-silicone
#12
Le Tian, Jianjun You, Huan Wang, Bo Zhang, Yihao Xu, Xiaona Lu, Fei Fan
BACKGROUND: Binder syndrome is a rare congenital malformation with a flat facial profile especially a depressed nose. Rhinoplasty plays an important part in the multidisciplinary surgical protocol. Different materials have been proposed to reconstruct nasal framework. But fewer evidence concerns which graft can achieve more stable and appreciated nasal contour. In this article, the authors reported surgical details and experience of nasal framework reconstruction of Binder syndrome, compare the esthetic outcomes of 2 grafts: autologous costal cartilage and L-shaped silicone covered with auricular cartilage...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795953/diagnostic-accuracy-of-breath-tests-for-pneumoconiosis-using-an-electronic-nose
#13
Pau-Chung Chen, Hsin-Yi Peng, Che-Jui Chang, Hsiao-Yu Yang
Breath analyses have attracted substantial attention as screens for occupational environmental lung disease. The objective of this study was to develop breath tests for pneumoconiosis by analysing volatile organic compounds using an electronic nose. A case-control study was designed. We screened 102 subjects from a cohort of stone workers. After excluding three subjects with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus and one subject with asthma, 98 subjects were enrolled, including 34 subjects with pneumoconiosis and 64 healthy controls...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795232/a-new-modification-of-doyle-splint-hemi-split-doyle-in-rhinoplasty-with-alar-base-reduction
#14
İlker Koçak, E Şentürk
Patients perceive the pulling of a nasal splints as the most feared and stressful part of nasal surgery. Even the incisions made for alar base surgery can partly or entirely dehisce. So, we have been using modified Doyle silicone splints. We compared the modified Doyle silicone splints with conventional Doyle silicone splint. Included in the study were 64 patients undergoing alar base surgery together with open septorhinoplasty. Group 1 (n = 32) patients received a conventional Doyle intranasal silicone splint and group 2 (n = 32) received modified splint that we call a hemi-split Doyle splint...
August 9, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795066/otolaryngological-presentations-in-times-of-terror-profile-from-a-tertiary-health-center-in-north-central-nigeria
#15
Adeyi A Adoga, Daniel D Kokong, Kenneth N Ozoilo
OBJECTIVES: To report the incidence, socio-demographic characteristics, otorhinolaryngological presentations and outcomes of management of patients at the Jos University Teaching Hospital following terror attacks. METHODS: A prospective descriptive hospital based study of consecutive patients presenting with ear, nose and throat injuries as a result of bomb blasts and ethno-religious crises within a six-year period and managed at the Jos University Teaching Hospital were studied for age, gender, ear, nose and throat presentations, injury mechanism, interventions and outcome of interventions...
July 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794961/feline-cutaneous-histoplasmosis-the-first-case-report-from-thailand
#16
L Larsuprom, L Duangkaew, C Kasorndorkbua, C Chen, A Chindamporn, N Worasilchai
A 2-year-old, neutered female domestic shorthaired cat presented with a history of multiple papules and nodules on pinnae, nodules on the nose, and chronic wound at the lateral surface of left radial area for four months. Skin biopsy demonstrated moderate numbers of small, oval-to-round, single-walled yeasts inside the macrophages. In addition, PCR confirmed the sequence of Histoplasma capsulatum. This is the first case report of feline cutaneous histoplasmosis in Thailand.
December 2017: Medical Mycology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794913/wolf-hirschhorn-syndrome-clinical-and-genetic-data-from-a-first-case-diagnosed-in-central-africa
#17
Sébastien Mbuyi-Musanzayi, Aimé Lumaka, Toni Lubala Kasole, Erick Kasamba Ilunga, Bienvenu Yogolelo Asani, Prosper Lukusa Tshilobo, Prosper Kalenga Muenze, Hervé Reychler, François Tshilombo Katombe, Koenraad Devriendt
Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is a multiple congenital anomaly-intellectual disability syndrome caused by a deletion involving chromosome 4p16.3. We report clinical and genetic findings of the first WHS patient diagnosed in central Africa. This boy who presented with cleft palate, microcephaly, severe growth delay, and intellectual disability was 12 years old. Typical craniofacial features were present, though the characteristic "Greek helmet" appearance of the nose was less evident, probably reflecting a variable expression related to the genetic background...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791817/binder-syndrome-clinical-findings-and-surgical-treatment-of-18-patients-at-the-department-of-plastic-surgery-in-polanica-zdr%C3%A3-j
#18
Piotr H Drozdowski, Ireneusz Łątkowski, Mateusz G Zachara, Piotr Wójcicki
BACKGROUND: Binder syndrome (BS) is an uncommon congenital underdevelopment of the maxilla and nasal skeleton. Other clinical features include a hypoplastic or absent anterior nasal spine; a short, flat nose with short columella; an acute nasolabial angle; a convex upper lip and class III malocclusion. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to outline the major characteristics of BS and to present a variety of surgical treatment methods. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 18 patients treated in the authors' department from 1989 to 2013...
May 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791189/the-youngest-reported-and-successfully-treated-patient-with-a-dermoid-cyst-of-the-parotid-gland-a-rare-pediatric-case
#19
Marcel Fabian Glaas, Jörg Schipper, Nelofar Kajasi, Angelika Albrecht
Dermoid cysts (DCs) are rare benign, epithelial-lined lesions. Up to 7% of them are found in the head and neck region and 80% of those predominantly occur in the orbit, in the nose, and in the floor of the mouth. The average age of presentation is around the age of six. Dermoid cysts located in the parotid gland have only been published in 19 cases so far. Interestingly, the mean age of occurrence in the parotid gland was much higher (31 years). We report on a four-year-old girl being the youngest patient who had ever been diagnosed with this disease...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791062/success-rate-of-conventional-dacryocystorhinostomy-in-post-acute-dacryocystitis-compared-to-endonasal-dacryocystorhinostomy-in-acute-dacryocystitis
#20
Rajesh Subhash Joshi, Ajay Sharad Deshpande
PURPOSE: To determine the success rate of conventional dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) and endoscopic DCR performed in patients with acute dacryocystitis. METHODS: Records of patients with acute dacryocystitis and operated during 2007-2008 were reviewed. Patients who completed a follow-up of 60 months were included in our study. Demographic characteristics, surgery types, success rate, and follow-up periods were recorded. Success was defined as the elimination of epiphora, absence of dacryocystitis, and negative syringing test result (i...
July 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
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