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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345510/a-cephalometric-study-to-establish-the-relationship-of-the-occlusal-plane-to-the-three-different-ala-tragal-lines-and-the-frankfort-horizontal-plane-in-different-head-forms
#1
S Subhas, P L Rupesh, M Chadda, D R V Kumar, R Prasad, N Kumari
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to compare the relationship of the occlusal plane to 3 different ala-tragal lines, namely the superior, middle and inferior lines, in individuals having different head forms and its relation to the Frankfort horizontal plane. METHODOLOGY: A total of 75 lateral cephalometric radiographs of subjects with natural dentition, having full complement of teeth, between the age group of 18-25 were screened and selected. Lateral cephalogram were made for each subjects in an open mouth position...
March 17, 2017: J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344819/olfaction-as-a-soldier-a-review-of-the-physiology-and-its-present-and-future-use-in-the-military
#2
REVIEW
Palaniappan Ganesh Nagappan, Somasundram Subramaniam, De-Yun Wang
Olfaction is one of our 5 main qualitative sensory abilities. In this review, we have examined the physiology of olfaction from the olfactory receptor to the brain. Through analyzing the physiology of olfaction, we have found that the biochemistry of olfactory nerve stimulation is unique from that of other similar pathways. Upon receiving large amounts of input from the olfactory nerve, the olfactory bulb, followed by several layers of centrifugal and centripetal processing in the brain, has to sort the information from the input as well as integrate it with other inputs from the brain to develop a coherent understanding of the input...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344763/utility-of-human-amniotic-membrane-allograft-in-re-epithelialization-of-the-nasal-tip
#3
D'Antonio C Dennis, Adam R Turnock, Collin Sutton, Bradley Chastant, Wesley B Vanderlan
Variations in skin thickness and contours pose significant challenges to reconstruction of the lower third of the nose. Human amniotic membrane allograft offers a potential alternative to tissue transfer in reconstruction of the lower third of the nose. We reviewed the procedure and photographs of a healthy 56-year-old male with a 22 × 18 mm lower third nasal defect involving full thickness skin and subcutaneous tissue. Following preparation for grafting, dehydrated human amniotic membrane was fashioned to the dimensions of the defect and applied...
October 2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344599/does-ultrasound-measurement-improve-the-accuracy-of-electronic-brachytherapy-in-the-treatment-of-superficial-non-melanomatous-skin-cancer
#4
Uma Goyal, Junhan Pan, Haiyan Cui, Baldassarre Stea
PURPOSE: Electronic brachytherapy (eBT) is a form of contact radiation therapy used for thin superficial non-melanomatous skin cancers (NMSCs). An accurate measurement of diameter and depth is important for eBT treatment planning. Therefore, we compared clinical measurements by an experienced physician to measurements obtained using ultrasound (US), an objective imaging modality, in order to determine if clinical measurements were accurate enough for adequate NMSC treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen patients with 20 biopsy-proven NMSCs first had a clinical examination and then an US evaluation prior to starting eBT...
February 2017: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344409/outbreak-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-and-peste-des-petits-ruminants-in-sheep-flock-imported-for-immediate-slaughter-in-riyadh
#5
M A Mahmoud, S A Galbat
AIM: To detect and identify the causative agent or agents of the following clinical symptoms which were fever, lack of appetite, salivation, vesiculation, erosions of the buccal mucosa, nose, and feet. The signs vary from mild to severe. The mortality rate of the disease is high. The morbidity rate reaches up to 100%. Sheep also show bloody diarrhea and rapid respiration. Sheep flock resident in El-Kharje Governorate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 serum samples and 50 buffy coat samples were collected from Marino sheep flock suffered from high mortalities, fever, lameness, diarrhea, stomatitis, and respiratory distress...
February 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344017/intranasal-delivery-of-n-terminal-modified-leptin-pluronic-conjugate-for-treatment-of-obesity
#6
Dongfen Yuan, Xiang Yi, Yuling Zhao, Chi-Duen Poon, Kristin M Bullock, Kim M Hansen, Therese S Salameh, Susan A Farr, William A Banks, Alexander V Kabanov
Leptin is an adipocyte-secreted hormone that is delivered via a specific transport system across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) to the brain where it acts on the hypothalamus receptors to control appetite and thermogenesis. Peripheral resistance to leptin due to its impaired brain delivery prevents therapeutic use of leptin in overweight and moderately obese patients. To address this problem, we modified the N-terminal amine of leptin with Pluronic P85 (LepNP85) and administered this conjugate intranasally using the nose-to-brain (INB) route to bypass the BBB...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343805/the-reported-incidence-and-nature-of-voice-disorders-in-the-private-healthcare-context-of-gauteng
#7
Kayla Fourie, Maeve Richardson, Jeannie van der Linde, Shabnam Abdoola, Renata Mosca
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to determine the incidence and nature of voice disorders, as reported by ear, nose, and throat specialists (ENTs), in the Gauteng private healthcare context. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional survey design. METHODS: The respondents had to be certified ENTs working in the private healthcare context in Gauteng. The survey was sent out electronically to all 94 ENTs, registered with the ENT Society, working in the private healthcare context; thus, no additional requirements had to be met...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343401/effect-of-probiotic-on-innate-inflammatory-response-and-viral-shedding-in-experimental-rhinovirus-infection-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
R B Turner, J A Woodfolk, L Borish, J W Steinke, J T Patrie, L M Muehling, S Lahtinen, M J Lehtinen
Ingestion of probiotics appears to have modest effects on the incidence of viral respiratory infection. The mechanism of these effects is not clear; however, there is evidence from animal models that the probiotic may have an effect on innate immune responses to pathogens. The purpose of this randomised, placebo-controlled study was to determine the effect of administration of Bifidobacterium animalis subspecies lactis Bl-04 on innate and adaptive host responses to experimental rhinovirus challenge. The effect on the response of chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 8 (CXCL8) to rhinovirus infection was defined as the primary endpoint for the study...
March 27, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342937/molecular-epidemiology-of-staphylococcus-aureus-nasal-colonization-among-patients-and-their-parents-guardian-in-an-iranian-referral-hospital
#9
Babak Pourakbari, Mahmoud Khodabandeh, Shima Mahmoudi, Farah Sabouni, Alireza Aziz-Ahari, Abbas Bahador, Sepideh Keshavarz Valian, Reihaneh Hosseinpour Sadeghi, Setareh Mamishi
INTRODUCTION: Carriage of Staphylococcus aureus in the nose appears to play a key role in the epidemiology and pathogenesis of infection. It is important to investigate the genetic relatedness of S. aureus and MRSA clones in different geographic regions. The aim of this study was to assess the nasal carriage rate of S. aureus, including MRSA strains in both hospitalized children and general adult population (parents/guardian). In addition, antibiotic susceptibility pattern and molecular diversity of S...
March 22, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341955/osteoplasty-in-crooked-nose-deformity-a-novel-approach
#10
Ilker Koçak, Erol Senturk
BACKGROUND: Crooked nose deformity is one of the most difficult issues to correct by rhinoplasty, as it can result in undesired late sequelae. Revision rates are often high, and numerous operational techniques have been tested. This study describes a crooked nose rhinoplasty technique that reduces the need for a double osteotomy in the long nasal bone. METHODS: This study included 26 patients with an I-shaped crooked nose deformity. In the surgical correction of the crooked nose deformity, previously defined techniques were applied to the cartilage identically...
March 24, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341953/giant-rhinophyma-a-rare-case-of-total-nasal-obstruction-and-restitutio-ad-integrum
#11
Andreas Wolter, Till Scholz, Jutta Liebau
Rhinophyma is considered the end stage in the development of rosacea, accompanied by hypertrophy of the sebaceous glands, which causes an enlargement of the nose. It is an uncommon condition that often results in both functional and cosmetic impairment. A large variety of surgical and nonsurgical treatments have been published to treat it. Closure is usually obtained by wound granulating in by secondary intention, skin grafting or local flaps. Rarely these lesions can attain a giant size and pose a challenge in surgical treatment...
March 24, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341952/septal-deviation-treatment-using-bone-or-cartilage-grafts-fixed-with-cyanoacrylate-tissue-adhesive
#12
İrfan Özyazgan
BACKGROUND: This paper presents a method in which bone or cartilage grafts are fixed to the septal cartilage with cyanoacrylate-based tissue adhesive for the treatment of septal deviation. A prospective study was designed to show the effectiveness of the technique. METHODS: Cyanoacrylate-based tissue adhesive was used to fix the cartilage or bone grafts onto the septal cartilage to straighten deviated septal cartilage in 77 patients. Regarding the patients' preoperative and postoperative nasal respiration, the following were assessed: (1) Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scales, (2) patient satisfaction with postoperative nasal respiration using visual analog scoring, and (3) computerized tomographic images...
March 24, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341145/facial-correlates-of-emotional-behaviour-in-the-domestic-cat-felis-catus
#13
Valerie Bennett, Nadine Gourkow, Daniel S Mills
Leyhausen's (1979) work on cat behaviour and facial expressions associated with offensive and defensive behaviour is widely embraced as the standard for interpretation of agonistic behaviour in this species. However, it is a largely anecdotal description that can be easily misunderstood. Recently a facial action coding system has been developed for cats (CatFACS), similar to that used for objectively coding human facial expressions. This study reports on the use of this system to describe the relationship between behaviour and facial expressions of cats in confinement contexts without and with human interaction, in order to generate hypotheses about the relationship between these expressions and underlying emotional state...
March 21, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340657/crafting-a-functional-nose
#14
EDITORIAL
Benjamin C Marcus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340656/advances-in-technology-for-functional-rhinoplasty-the-next-frontier
#15
REVIEW
Sachin S Pawar, Guilherme J M Garcia, John S Rhee
Advances in computer modeling and simulation technologies have the potential to provide facial plastic surgeons with information and tools that can aid in patient-specific surgical planning for rhinoplasty. Finite element modeling and computational fluid dynamics are modeling technologies that have been applied to the nose to study structural biomechanics and nasal airflow. Combining these technologies with patient-specific imaging data and symptom measures has the potential to alter the future landscape of nasal surgery...
May 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340654/the-saddle-deformity-camouflage-and-reconstruction
#16
REVIEW
Jon Robitschek, Peter Hilger
This article presents a comprehensive review of past and present modalities in the surgical management of saddle nose deformities. Various surgical techniques, including allograft materials, are systematically reviewed. The senior author's surgical experience and current management approach are highlighted.
May 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340653/cleft-septorhinoplasty-form-and-function
#17
REVIEW
Tsung-Yen Hsieh, Raj Dedhia, Drew Del Toro, Travis T Tollefson
Nasal deformity associated with typical cleft lip can cause aesthetic and functional issues that are difficult to address. The degree of secondary nasal deformity is based on the extent of the original cleft deformity, growth over time, and any prior surgical correction to the nose or lip. Repair and reconstruction of these deformities require comprehensive understanding of embryologic growth, the cleft anatomy, as well as meticulous surgical technique and using a spectrum of structural grafting. This article reviews cleft lip nasal deformity, presurgical care, primary cleft rhinoplasty, and definitive cleft septorhinoplasty with a focus on aesthetics and function...
May 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340652/management-of-pediatric%C3%A2-nasal-surgery-rhinoplasty
#18
REVIEW
Matthew D Johnson
Nasal surgery in children, most often performed after trauma, can be performed safely in selected patients with articulate, deliberate, and conscientious operative plan. All nasal surgery in children seeks to avoid disruption of the growth centers, preserving and optimizing nasal growth while improving the form and function of the nose. A solid appreciation of long-term outcomes and effects on growth remain elusive.
May 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340646/essential-anatomy-and-evaluation-for-functional-rhinoplasty
#19
REVIEW
Justin C Sowder, Andrew J Thomas, Preston Daniel Ward
The nose, a prominent facial feature in defining facial beauty, is responsible for the fundamental physiologic functions of heating, humidifying, and filtering inspired air. When the normal balance of laminar and turbulent airflow become disturbed due to anatomic abnormalities, nasal obstruction may result. To successfully restore these basic physiologic functions, the surgeon must have a detailed understanding of the nasal anatomy and be able to successfully identify the specific cause of the nasal obstruction...
May 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339364/clinical-and-prognostic-features-of-korean-patients-with-mpo-anca-pr3-anca-and-anca-negative-vasculitis
#20
Juyoung Yoo, Ho Jae Kim, Sung Soo Ahn, Seung Min Jung, Jason Jungsik Song, Yong-Beom Park, Sang-Won Lee
OBJECTIVES: We reclassified Korean patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) into 3 categories of AAV including MPO-ANCA, PR3-ANCA and ANCA negative vasculitis, and investigated clinical and prognostic features. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 133 patients with microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) and eosinophilic GPA (EGPA), who had having either myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA, proteinase 3 (PR3)-ANCA or no ANCA, and who had ever achieved the first remission...
March 23, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
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