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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944007/the-other-white-nose-syndrome-transcriptome-tolerant-and-susceptible-hosts-respond-differently-to-the-pathogen-pseudogymnoascus-destructans
#1
Christina M Davy, Michael E Donaldson, Craig K R Willis, Barry J Saville, Liam P McGuire, Heather Mayberry, Alana Wilcox, Gudrun Wibbelt, Vikram Misra, Trent Bollinger, Christopher J Kyle
Mitigation of emerging infectious diseases that threaten global biodiversity requires an understanding of critical host and pathogen responses to infection. For multihost pathogens where pathogen virulence or host susceptibility is variable, host-pathogen interactions in tolerant species may identify potential avenues for adaptive evolution in recently exposed, susceptible hosts. For example, the fungus Pseudogymnoascus destructans causes white-nose syndrome (WNS) in hibernating bats and is responsible for catastrophic declines in some species in North America, where it was recently introduced...
September 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943537/transient-prosopometamorphopsia-restricted-to-the-left-eye-caused-by-ischemia-at-the-right-splenium-of-the-corpus-callosum
#2
Naoko Funatsu, Mikito Hayakawa, Naoki Tokuda, Kazunori Toyoda
We herein report a patient who developed transient prosopometamorphopsia restricted to the left eye caused by ischemia of the right splenium of the corpus callosum. A 66-year-old right-handed woman suddenly noticed that the left eyes of people she encountered appeared markedly adducted to their noses. On emergent admission, neurological and ophthalmological examinations revealed no abnormalities. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging showed a small, hyperintense lesion at the right splenium of the corpus callosum...
September 25, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943211/rhinophyma-our-experience-based-on-a-series-of-12-cases
#3
P Clarós, M-C Sarr, F-B Nyada, A Clarós
INTRODUCTION: Rhinophyma is a rare, benign and unsightly disease of the skin of the nose that was first described a very long time ago, as illustrated by portrait of an old man with a bulbous nose holding his grandson, by Ghirlandaio in 1490. It was described for the first time by Ferdinando Hebra Von (1816-1880), as the third stage of rosacea. The objective of this study is to report the author's experience and propose a new treatment option in the management of rhinophyma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We describe our experience of rhinophyma based on a retrospective case study...
September 21, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942003/inhalation-exposure-to-three-dimensional-printer-emissions-stimulates-acute-hypertension-and-microvascular-dysfunction
#4
A B Stefaniak, R F LeBouf, M G Duling, J Yi, A B Abukabda, C R McBride, T R Nurkiewicz
Fused deposition modeling (FDM™), or three-dimensional (3D) printing has become routine in industrial, occupational and domestic environments. We have recently reported that 3D printing emissions (3DPE) are complex mixtures, with a large ultrafine particulate matter component. We and others have reported that inhalation of xenobiotic particles in this size range is associated with an array of cardiovascular dysfunctions. Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to 3DPE aerosols via nose-only exposure for ~3h. Twenty-four hours later, intravital microscopy was performed to assess microvascular function in the spinotrapezius muscle...
September 20, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940865/effective-factors-on-not-using-the-n95-respirators-among-health-care-workers-application-of-fuzzy-delphi-and-fuzzy-analytic-hierarchy-process-fahp
#5
Marzieh Honarbakhsh, Mehdi Jahangiri, Payam Farhadi
Using respiratory protective equipment (RPE) including N95 respirators is one of the most important ways to protect health care workers (HCWs) against respiratory hazards. The aim of this study was to identify and prioritize the problems and obstacles in using N95 respirators among HCWs in Iran. In this cross-sectional study, problems and obstacles in using N95 respirators were identified and ranked by experts, using Fuzzy Delphi and Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP). Additionally, HCWs were asked to give their opinions about obstacles in using N95 respirators in order to form an opinion...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Healthcare Risk Management: the Journal of the American Society for Healthcare Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940458/eaaci-guidelines-on-allergen-immunotherapy-allergic-rhinoconjunctivitis
#6
G Roberts, O Pfaar, C A Akdis, I J Ansotegui, S R Durham, R Gerth van Wijk, S Halken, D Larenas-Linnemann, R Pawankar, C Pitsios, A Sheikh, M Worm, S Arasi, M A Calderon, C Cingi, S Dhami, J L Fauquert, E Hamelmann, P Hellings, L Jacobsen, E F Knol, S Y Lin, P Maggina, R Mösges, H Oude Elberin, G B Pajno, E A Pastorello, M Penagos, G Rotiroti, C B Schmidt-Weber, F Timmermans, O Tsilochristou, E M Varga, J N Wilkinson, A Williams, L Zhang, I Agache, E Angier, M Fernandez-Rivas, M Jutel, S Lau, R van Ree, D Ryan, G Sturm, A Muraro
Allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (AR) is an allergic disorder of the nose and eyes affecting about a fifth of the general population. Symptoms of AR can be controlled with allergen avoidance measures and pharmacotherapy. However, many patients continue to have ongoing symptoms and an impaired quality of life; pharmacotherapy may also induce some side-effects. Allergen immunotherapy (AIT) represents the only currently available treatment that targets the underlying pathophysiology and it may have a disease modifying effect...
September 23, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940415/mesenchymal-stromal-cells-ameliorate-acute-allergic-rhinitis-in-rats
#7
Chunlei Li, Yanxia Fu, Yinyin Wang, Yanhua Kong, Mengdi Li, Danhui Ma, Wanli Zhai, Hao Wang, Yuting Lin, Sihan Liu, Fangli Ren, Jun Li, Yi Wang
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have been extensively investigated as a potential antiinflammatory treatment in many inflammatory-related diseases; however, it remains unclear whether MSCs could be used to treat acute allergic rhinitis. A rat model of allergic rhinitis was treated with MSCs. The effect of MSCs on the inflammation of allergic rhinitis was evaluated by sneezing, nose rubbing, the pathology of the nasal mucosa, and the expression of interleukin 4, tumour necrosis factor alpha, and immunoglobulin E in the serum of rats...
September 20, 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939917/use-of-a-fibrinogen-thrombin-sponge-in-rhinoplasty
#8
A Berghaus, M San Nicoló, C Jacobi
BACKGROUND: Although several methods have been described to address nasal dorsum augmentation and smoothing of irregularities in rhinoplasty, establishing the ideal method has proven controversial. OBJECTIVE: Here, we introduce a novel technique of cartilage grafting for nasal dorsum augmentation by wrapping cartilage in a fibrinogen- and thrombin-coated collagen patch called TachoSil®. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a pilot study comprising ten cases, the use of the collagen patch was examined in various indications in rhinoplasty...
September 22, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938786/prediction-of-egg-freshness-during-storage-using-electronic-nose
#9
Samuel M Yimenu, J Y Kim, B S Kim
The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential of a fast gas chromatography (GC) e-nose for freshness discrimination and for prediction of storage time as well as sensory and internal quality changes during storage of hen eggs. All samples were obtained from the same egg production farm and stored at 20 °C for 20 d. Egg sampling was conducted every 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 16, and 20 d. During each sampling time, 4 egg cartons (each containing 10 eggs) were randomly selected: one carton for Haugh units, one carton for sensory evaluation and 2 cartons for the e-nose experiment...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938361/columellar-reconstruction-following-nasal-cpap-injury
#10
Catherine S Chang, Jordan W Swanson, Anthony Wilson, David W Low, Scott P Bartlett
Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) is utilized increasingly to treat pulmonary immaturity in premature neonates. Nasal injury is common with nCPAP use, with full thickness tissue loss at the columella among the most devastating complications.Columellar necrosis often imparts a full thickness injury to the overlying columellar skin, the medial crura of the lower lateral nasal cartilages, as well as the anteromedial inner nasal mucosal lining, and potentially the anterior septal cartilage. Consequently, the columella can become scarred and shortened...
September 15, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938333/pediatric-glial-heterotopia-in-the-medial-canthus
#11
Soung Min Kim, Emmanuel Kofi Amponsah, Mi Young Eo, Yun Ju Cho, Suk Keun Lee
Glial heterotopias are rare, benign, congenital, midline, and nonteratomatous extracranial glial tissue. They may be confused as encephalocele or dermoid cysts and are mostly present in the nose.An 8-month-old African female child presented with a slow growing paranasal mass. The mass had been present at the left upper medial canthus since birth and had slowly and progressively enlarged. There was no communication between the mass and the cranial cavity during the operational procedure. The mass was immunohistochemically positive for S-100 protein as well as for glial fibrillary acidic protein, but negative for proliferating cell nuclear antigen...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938325/the-effect-of-dexpanthenol-vitamin-a-nazalnem-on-silastic-splints-after-nasal-septal-surgery
#12
Güven Yildirim, Tolgar Lütfi Kumral, Cem Altindağ, Erdi Özdemir, Yavuz Uyar
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of dexpanthenol-vitamin A (Nazalnem) ointment applied to the surface of silastic splints with an airway immediately after nasal septal surgery on postoperative complaints and nasal mucosa function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study enrolled 60 patients undergoing nasal septoplasty surgery. Group 1 (n = 30) received silastic splints with ointment containing dexpanthenol-vitamin A (Nazalnem), and Group 2 (n = 30), the control group, received silastic splints with vaseline...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936477/clinical-characteristics-of-non-melanoma-skin-cancers-recurring-within-5-years-after-mohs-micrographic-surgery-single-institution-retrospective-chart-review
#13
Tina Vajdi, Robert Eilers, Shang I Brian Jiang
BACKGROUND: Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) is used to treat certain high-risk non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSC) due to its high cure rate. However, clinical recurrences do occur in a small number of cases. OBJECTIVE: We examined specific clinical characteristics associated with NMSC recurrences following MMS. METHODS: We employed a retrospective chart review of the 1467 cases of NMSC that underwent MMS at UC San Diego from January 1, 2008 through December 31, 2009...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935476/-botulinum-toxin-an-important-complement-for-facial-rejuvenation-surgery
#14
C Le Louarn
The improved understanding of the functional anatomy of the face and of the action of the botulinum toxin A leads us to determine a new injection procedure which consequently decreases the risk of eyebrow and eyelid ptosis and increases the toxin's injection possibilities and efficiencies. With less units of toxin, the technique herein described proposes to be more efficient on more muscles: variable toxin injections concentration adapted to each injected muscle are used. Thanks to a new procedure in the upper face, toxin A injection can be quite close to an endoscopic surgical action...
September 18, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935394/case-report-an-hiv-patient-presenting-with-pancytopenia-hepatic-failure-and-coagulopathy-a-rare-small-cell-liver-carcinoma-with-diffuse-splenic-and-bone-marrow-metastasis-diagnosed-at-autopsy
#15
Joshua T Byers, Alejandro Mendoza, Daniel Wu, Jason S Kahlon, Xin Qing, Samuel W French
A 34-year old male with a giant condyloma acuminatum of the anus secondary to HIV infection presented to the emergency department with a persistent nose bleed lasting 2-3days, acute anemia, thrombocytopenia, and coagulopathy. The patient also had significant hepatosplenomegaly and elevated liver enzymes which were a new finding since the patient's last hospitalization 1-2month prior to the current admission. A bone marrow biopsy showed diffuse infiltration by carcinoma with neuroendocrine features. The patient quickly developed multi-organ injury, decompensated, and died...
September 18, 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934187/respiratory-and-ocular-symptoms-among-employees-of-an-indoor-waterpark-resort-ohio-2016
#16
Sophia K Chiu, Nancy C Burton, Kevin H Dunn, Marie A de Perio
In July 2015, a municipal health department in Ohio received complaints of respiratory and ocular symptoms from patrons of an indoor waterpark resort. In response, the health department conducted an online survey in August 2015 through which 19 (68%) patron and employee respondents reported eye burning, nose irritation, difficulty breathing, and vomiting. On August 11, 2015, the health department requested a health hazard evaluation by CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health to characterize the prevalence of symptoms among employees and determine the etiology of work-related symptoms...
September 22, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934097/respiratory-dermal-and-eye-irritation-symptoms-associated-with-corexit%C3%A2-ec9527a-ec9500a-following-the-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill-findings-from-the-gulf-study
#17
Craig J McGowan, Richard K Kwok, Lawrence S Engel, Mark R Stenzel, Patricia A Stewart, Dale P Sandler
BACKGROUND: The large quantities of chemical oil dispersants used in the oil spill response and cleanup (OSRC) work following the Deepwater Horizon disaster provide an opportunity to study associations between dispersant exposure (Corexit™ EC9500A or EC9527A) and human health. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to examine associations between potential exposure to the dispersants and adverse respiratory, dermal, and eye irritation symptoms. METHODS: Using data from detailed Gulf Long-term Follow-up ( GuLF) Study enrollment interviews, we determined potential exposure to either dispersant from participant-reported tasks during the OSRC work...
September 15, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933115/-rancidness-of-armeniacae-semen-amarum-involving-bianzhuang-lunzhi
#18
Jian-Ting Gong, Li-Ying Zhao, Bauer Rudolf, Wen-Juan Mi, Yang Li, Jia-Hui Li, Zhi-Yu Ren, Dong Xu, Ting Zhao, Yong-Hong Yan
This article aims to compare the qualities of Armeniacae Semen Amarum before and after rancidness, in order to study the rancidness of Armeniacae Semen Amarum. In the experiment, content of fatty oil, acid value and peroxide value were determined before and after rancidness,respectively. Meanwhile, HPLC, GC-MS were utilized to analyze laetrile and fatty acid components. Besides, colorimeter and e-nose were introduced to quantify and compare "color and odor". A correlation analysis was conducted on the above results...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932812/comparison-of-the-microbiota-of-older-adults-living-in-nursing-homes-and-the-community
#19
Mary-Claire Roghmann, Alison D Lydecker, Lauren Hittle, Robert T DeBoy, Rebecca G Nowak, J Kristie Johnson, Emmanuel F Mongodin
Our objective for this study was to characterize the microbial communities of the anterior nares (nose), posterior pharynx (throat), and skin of the femoral and subclavian areas in older adults from nursing homes and the community. Older adults (≥65 years) without antibiotic use for the past 3 months were recruited from nursing homes (NH; n = 16) and from the community (CB; n = 51). Specimens were taken from nose, throat, and skin sites for culture and bacterial profiling using 16S rRNA gene sequencing...
September 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932060/synophrys-epidemiological-study
#20
Pramod Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Fusion of eyebrows above the bridge of nose is known as synophrys and is a normal variation. This variation is also recognized as a clinical feature of several genetic disorders, Cornelia De Lange syndrome being the commonest. Several studies, on aesthetics of face and eyebrows have been conducted, also on the role of eyebrows in emotional expression and nonverbal communication. A recent study has pointed a gene associated with synophrys. Surprisingly, however synophrys and its prevalence in the normal population is not known thus we conducted a study of its prevalence in Oman...
July 2017: International Journal of Trichology
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