keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

nose

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922245/a-novel-mutation-in-a-case-of-pseudohypoparathyroidism-type-ia
#1
Birgül Kırel, Meliha Demiral, Özkan Bozdağ, Kadri Karaer
Pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP) type Ia is characterized by multiple hormone resistance; primarily parathyroid hormone (PTH) resistance and Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO) which involves skeletal and developmental defects. The AHO phenotype alone without hormone resistance is defined as pseudoPHP. A boy was first diagnosed as having both rickets and primary hypothyroidism at 2.5 months of age. His calcium level remained within normal levels after vitamin D treatment, but, elevated PTH and ALP levels and normal-high phosphate levels persisted during his follow-up by age of 2...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921123/local-control-and-intermediate-term-cosmetic-outcome-following-imrt-for-nasal-tumors-an-update
#2
Yuki Mukai, Stefan Janssen, Christoph Glanzmann, David Holzmann, Gabriela Studer
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate local control and intermediate-term cosmetic outcome in patients with cancer of the nose treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). METHODS: From June 2008 to September 2015, 36 consecutive patients presenting with nasal cavity, ala of the nose, or nasal vestibule tumors were treated at the Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Zurich either postoperatively (n = 14; 3/14 with nasal ablation) or with definitive IMRT (n = 22)...
December 5, 2016: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920415/endoscopic-monopolar-cauterization-of-the-sphenopalatine-artery-a-single-surgeons-experience
#3
Haitham Odat, Mohannad Al-Qudah
BACKGROUND: Epistaxis is one of the most common otolaryngology emergency conditions, and is usually treated conservatively by different types of nasal packs. A limited number of patients continue to bleed even with tightly fitted anterior and posterior packs in the nose. Such intractable epistaxis is managed by surgery or embolization. OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the use and outcomes of endoscopic suction monopolar cauterization of the sphenopalatine artery. DESIGN: Retrospective study...
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920389/resistance-in-persisting-bat-populations-after-white-nose-syndrome-invasion
#4
Kate E Langwig, Joseph R Hoyt, Katy L Parise, Winifred F Frick, Jeffrey T Foster, A Marm Kilpatrick
Increases in anthropogenic movement have led to a rise in pathogen introductions and the emergence of infectious diseases in naive host communities worldwide. We combined empirical data and mathematical models to examine changes in disease dynamics in little brown bat (Myotis lucifugus) populations following the introduction of the emerging fungal pathogen Pseudogymnoascus destructans, which causes the disease white-nose syndrome. We found that infection intensity was much lower in persisting populations than in declining populations where the fungus has recently invaded...
January 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918749/correlation-of-nasal-mucosal-temperature-with-subjective-nasal-patency-in-healthy-individuals
#5
Ryan S Bailey, Kevin P Casey, Sachin S Pawar, Guilherme J M Garcia
Importance: Historically, otolaryngologists have focused on nasal resistance to airflow and minimum airspace cross-sectional area as objective measures of nasal obstruction using methods such as rhinomanometry and acoustic rhinometry. However, subjective sensation of nasal patency may be more associated with activation of cold receptors by inspired air than with respiratory effort. Objective: To investigate whether subjective nasal patency correlates with nasal mucosal temperature in healthy individuals...
December 1, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918327/implications-of-perioperative-team-setups-for-operating-room-management-decisions
#6
Dietrich Doll, Peter Kauf, Katharina Wieferich, Ralf Schiffer, Markus M Luedi
BACKGROUND: Team performance has been studied extensively in the perioperative setting, but the managerial impact of interprofessional team performance remains unclear. We hypothesized that the interplay between anesthesiologists and surgeons would affect operating room turnaround times, and teams that worked together over time would become more efficient. METHODS: We analyzed 13,632 surgical cases at our hospital that involved 64 surgeons and 48 anesthesiologists...
December 1, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918108/toward-tunable-photonic-nanosheet-sensors-strong-influence-of-the-interlayer-cation-on-the-sensing-characteristics
#7
Pirmin Ganter, Leslie M Schoop, Bettina V Lotsch
An approach toward intercalant tunable nanosheet-based Fabry-Pérot sensors is presented. The intercalant tetrabutylammonium significantly increases the sensitivity of the photonic nose sensor to volatile organic compounds with increasing polarity, enabling polarity-driven color-coded vapor differentiation. Paired with the improved millisecond response times for polar vapors, vapor imaging with spatio-temporal resolution is within reach.
December 5, 2016: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916968/ion-channel-activity-of-vpu-proteins-is-conserved-throughout-evolution-of-hiv-1-and-siv
#8
Timo Greiner, Sebastian Bolduan, Brigitte Hertel, Christine Groß, Kay Hamacher, Ulrich Schubert, Anna Moroni, Gerhard Thiel
The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) protein Vpu is encoded exclusively by HIV-1 and related simian immunodeficiency viruses (SIVs). The transmembrane domain of the protein has dual functions: it counteracts the human restriction factor tetherin and forms a cation channel. Since these two functions are causally unrelated it remains unclear whether the channel activity has any relevance for viral release and replication. Here we examine structure and function correlates of different Vpu homologs from HIV-1 and SIV to understand if ion channel activity is an evolutionary conserved property of Vpu proteins...
December 1, 2016: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915588/reversible-cerebral-vasoconstriction-syndrome
#9
Michael Perdices, Geoffrey Herkes
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is a relatively rare, non-progressive angiopathy frequently heralded by severe thunderclap headache. It is characterised by vasoconstriction of cerebral arteries which usually resolves within three months of onset. Transient focal neurological signs may occur, and persistent deficits associated with haemorrhagic comorbidities have been reported in a small percentage of individuals. In this paper we report the case of RH, a 36-year-old woman who presented at a university teaching hospital in Sydney with a clinical history and radiological evidence consistent with RCVS...
December 5, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914551/feature-proportion-accuracy-of-hand-drawn-facial-approximation
#10
Kristina B Altes
Several studies have investigated the predictive accuracy of facial approximation methods for individual facial features, but few have investigated the ability of these methods to accurately predict the relative dimensions of these features. Photographs of 10 skulls from the William M. Bass Donated Skeletal Collection were used to create hand-drawn facial approximations following the guidelines presented in Taylor (2001). Measurements of the eyes, nose, and mouth were made and converted to ratios for comparison to their corresponding antemortem photographs...
December 2016: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912951/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-homeopathic-syrup-in-the-treatment-of-cold-symptoms-in-young-children
#11
Jennifer Jacobs, James A Taylor
BACKGROUND: There is little evidence that the decongestant, antihistamine, or cough suppressant medications commonly used to treat cold symptoms in preschool children are effective. One option for treating cold symptoms in young children is with homeopathy. This study was conducted to determine if a homeopathic syrup was effective in treating cold symptoms in preschool children. METHODS: Children 2-5 years old diagnosed with an upper respiratory tract infection were randomized to receive a commercial homeopathic cold syrup or placebo...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912796/staphylococcal-species-heterogeneity-in-the-nasal-microbiome-following-antibiotic-prophylaxis-revealed-by-tuf-gene-deep-sequencing
#12
Claire L McMurray, Katherine J Hardy, Szymon T Calus, Nicholas J Loman, Peter M Hawkey
BACKGROUND: Staphylococci are a major constituent of the nasal microbiome and a frequent cause of hospital-acquired infection. Antibiotic surgical prophylaxis is administered prior to surgery to reduce a patient's risk of postoperative infection. The impact of surgical prophylaxis on the nasal staphylococcal microbiome is largely unknown. Here, we report the species present in the nasal staphylococcal microbiome and the impact of surgical prophylaxis revealed by a novel culture independent technique...
December 2, 2016: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912214/common-cold-an-umbrella-term-for-acute-infections-of-nose-throat-larynx-and-bronchi
#13
P Kardos, F A Malek
Acute respiratory tract infections, i. e. rhinitis, sinusitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, bronchitis, belong to the most common medical conditions with a high economic burden. Nonetheless, there is little agreement concerning their differential diagnosis.This paper will discuss to what extent different anatomical sites of acute respiratory tract infections can be uniquely identified or whether the overlap and consecutive development in signs and symptoms renders these distinctions meaningless.Acute respiratory tract infections are variable but definition of diagnostic categories based on the anatomical sites of the dominant complaints shows that signs and symptoms both overlap to a great extent and/or emerge successively...
December 2, 2016: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910822/prolonged-in-vitro-precultivation-alleviates-post-implantation-inflammation-and-promotes-stable-subcutaneous-cartilage-formation-in-a-goat-model
#14
Yi Liu, Dan Li, Zongqi Yin, Xusong Luo, Wei Liu, Wenjie Zhang, Zhiyong Zhang, Yilin Cao, Yu Liu, Guangdong Zhou
Synthetic biodegradable scaffolds such as polylactic acid coated polyglycolic acid (PLA-PGA) are especially suitable for engineering shaped cartilage such as auricle, but they induce a serious inflammatory reaction particularly in the immunologically aggressive subcutaneous site, leading to resorption of the engineered autologous cartilage. Our previous study in a rabbit model has demonstrated 2 weeks of in vitro precultivation could significantly alleviate the post-implantation inflammation induced by PLA-PGA engineered cartilaginous grafts, but reproduction of this result failed in a preclinical goat model...
December 2, 2016: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909866/the-influence-of-the-bullet-shape-on-the-width-of-abrasion-collars-and-the-size-of-gunshot-entrance-holes
#15
Rebecca Pircher, Demet Preiß, Stefan Pollak, Annette Thierauf-Emberger, Markus Große Perdekamp, Dorothee Geisenberger
To investigate if there is any correlation between the bullet design and the respective dimensions of the abrasion collar and the skin defect in gunshot entrance wounds, experimental studies were performed on dyed pig skin. For the test shots, .38 Special revolver cartridges with three different bullet designs (round nose, wadcutter, and truncated cone) were used. With the help of an image editing program in combination with an image analyzing system, the area size of the abrasion rings and the skin defects was calculated automatically...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909426/deconstructing-the-bat-skin-microbiome-influences-of-the-host-and-the-environment
#16
Christine V Avena, Laura Wegener Parfrey, Jonathan W Leff, Holly M Archer, Winifred F Frick, Kate E Langwig, A Marm Kilpatrick, Karen E Powers, Jeffrey T Foster, Valerie J McKenzie
Bats are geographically widespread and play an important role in many ecosystems, but relatively little is known about the ecology of their associated microbial communities and the role microbial taxa play in bat health, development, and evolution. Moreover, few vertebrate animal skin microbiomes have been comprehensively assessed, and thus characterizing the bat skin microbiome will yield valuable insight into the variability of vertebrate skin microbiomes as a whole. The recent emergence of the skin fungal disease white-nose syndrome highlights the potentially important role bat skin microbial communities could play in bat health...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908088/acoustically-diverse-vocalization-repertoire-in-the-himalayan-leaf-nosed-bat-a-widely-distributed-hipposideros-species
#17
Aiqing Lin, Tinglei Jiang, Jiang Feng, Jagmeet S Kanwal
Insectivorous bats vocalize to both communicate with conspecifics and to echolocate. The communicative vocalizations or "calls" of bats either consist of or are constructed from discrete acoustic units, termed "syllables." This study examined syllable diversity in the Himalayan leaf-nosed bat, Hipposideros armiger, a species that is widely distributed across Southeast Asia. This social species' vocalizations were hypothesized to consist of a wide variety of syllables facilitating its social interactions. To test this hypothesis, multiple acoustic parameters were measured from recorded vocalizations to map the acoustic boundaries of syllables...
November 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906156/biomimetic-sniffing-improves-the-detection-performance-of-a-3d-printed-nose-of-a-dog-and-a-commercial-trace-vapor-detector
#18
Matthew E Staymates, William A MacCrehan, Jessica L Staymates, Roderick R Kunz, Thomas Mendum, Ta-Hsuan Ong, Geoffrey Geurtsen, Greg J Gillen, Brent A Craven
Unlike current chemical trace detection technology, dogs actively sniff to acquire an odor sample. Flow visualization experiments with an anatomically-similar 3D printed dog's nose revealed the external aerodynamics during canine sniffing, where ventral-laterally expired air jets entrain odorant-laden air toward the nose, thereby extending the "aerodynamic reach" for inspiration of otherwise inaccessible odors. Chemical sampling and detection experiments quantified two modes of operation with the artificial nose-active sniffing and continuous inspiration-and demonstrated an increase in odorant detection by a factor of up to 18 for active sniffing...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906097/a-10-year-old-child-presenting-with-syndromic-paucity-of-bile-ducts-alagille-syndrome-a-case-report
#19
Girish Kumar Pati, Ayaskanta Singh, Preetam Nath, Jimmy Narayan, Pradeep Kumar Padhi, Prasanta Kumar Parida, Kaumudee Pattnaik, Chittaranjan Panda, Shivaram Prasad Singh
BACKGROUND: Alagille syndrome, a rare genetic disorder with autosomal dominant transmission, manifests with five major features: paucity of interlobular bile ducts, characteristic facies, posterior embryotoxon, vertebral defects, and peripheral pulmonary stenosis. Globally, only 500 cases have so far been reported, with only five cases reported in the Indian subcontinent. Rarely, Alagille syndrome also presents with skin manifestations and early-onset chronic liver disease, which was found in our case...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906082/secondary-correction-of-nasal-deformities-in-cleft-lip-and-palate-patients-surgical-technique-and-outcome-evaluation
#20
Gabor Vass, Gabor Mohos, Zsofia Bere, Laszlo Ivan, Janos Varga, Jozsef Piffko, Laszlo Rovo
BACKGROUND: Nasal deformity associated with cleft lip and palate is a highly challenging reconstructive problem in rhinoplasty. In the literature, several operative solutions and evaluation methods have been described, however these do not offer a standard procedure for the surgeon. Our aim was to standardize our surgical technique-as much as the uniqueness of each case allowed it-based on the most frequent deformities we had faced; and to evaluate our results via a postoperative patient satisfaction questionnaire...
December 1, 2016: Head & Face Medicine
keyword
keyword
3291
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"