keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

nose

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544812/acute-impact-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-on-nasal-patency
#1
Leonardo Balsalobre, Rogério Pezato, Hiran Gasparini, Fernanda Haddad, Luis Carlos Gregório, Reginaldo R Fujita
BACKGROUND: Continuous airflow in the upper airway can cause discomfort, leading to nasopharyngeal complaints. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the acute effects of continuous positive upper-airway pressure on nasal patency in awake normal subjects. METHODS: Twenty-seven adults (17 men; 10 women; age range, 18 to 43 years) were exposed to continuous airway pressure (20 cmH2 O) in the nasal cavity, delivered by a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) device through a nasal mask for 2 hours...
May 23, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544585/effects-of-ophthalmologic-solutions-on-sinonasal-ciliated-epithelium
#2
Alan D Workman, Ryan M Carey, Michael A Kohanski, Nithin D Adappa, James N Palmer, Noam A Cohen
BACKGROUND: Off-label use of topical ophthalmologic formulations for treatment of rhinologic disease is cited in recent literature and is anecdotally prevalent among practicing otolaryngologists. Steroids, antibiotics, and other drugs designed for ocular use have subjective clinical efficacy in the nose and sinuses, but their specific effects on the ciliated epithelium are less well defined. This study examines 9 commercially available ophthalmologic drug formulations for effects on ciliary motility in sinonasal cultures, in an effort to characterize their utility as topical therapies for sinonasal diseases...
May 23, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544080/the-skin-microbiome-of-cow-nose-rays-rhinoptera-bonasus-in-an-aquarium-touch-tank-exhibit
#3
Patrick J Kearns, Jennifer L Bowen, Michael F Tlusty
Public aquaria offer numerous educational opportunities for visitors while touch-tank exhibits offer guests the ability to directly interact with marine life via physical contact. Despite the popularity of touch-tanks, there is a paucity of research about animal health in these exhibits and, in particular, there is little research on the microbial communities in these highly interactive exhibits. Microbial community structure can have implications for both host health and habitat function. To better understand the microbiome of a touch-tank we used high-throughput sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene to analyze the microbial community on the dorsal and ventral surfaces of cow-nose rays (Rhinoptera bonasus) as well as their environment in a frequently visited touch-tank exhibit at the New England Aquarium...
May 23, 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543408/validation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-nasal-obstruction-symptom-evaluation-scale
#4
Mohamed A Amer, Ibrahim A Kabbash, Ahmed A Yonis, Saad Elzayat, Mohamed O Tomoum
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Validation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scale into the Arabic language with studying of its psychometric properties. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective instrument-validation study. METHODS: Guidelines for the cross-cultural adaptation process from the original English language scale into the Arabic language version were followed. We assessed the psychometric properties of the Arabic version of the NOSE scale (A-NOSE) (feasibility, reproducibility, internal consistency, reliability, discriminatory validity, responsiveness to change) in 101 consecutive patients who underwent septal surgery (preoperatively and 3 months postoperatively) and 102 asymptomatic controls...
May 23, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541917/an-unobtrusive-computerized-assessment-framework-for-unilateral-peripheral-facial-paralysis
#5
Zhe-Xiao Guo, Guo Dan, Jianghuai Xiang, Jun Wang, Wanzhang Yang, Huijun Ding, Oliver Deussen, Yongjin Zhou
Unilateral peripheral facial paralysis (UPFP) is a form of facial nerve paralysis and clinically classified according to conditions of facial symmetry. Prompt and precise assessment is crucial to neural rehabilitation of UPFP. The prevalent House-Brackmann (HB) grading system relies on subjective judgments with significant inter-observation variation. Therefore to explore an objective method for UPFP assessment, clinical image sequences are captured using a web camera setup while 5 healthy and 27 UPFP subjects performing a group of pre-defined actions, including keeping expressionless, raising brows, closing eyes, bulging cheek and showing teeth in turn...
May 24, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541554/activation-of-group-2-innate-lymphoid-cells-exacerbates-and-confers-corticosteroid-resistance-to-mouse-nasal-type-2-inflammation
#6
Taiyo Morikawa, Ayumi Fukuoka, Kazufumi Matsushita, Koubun Yasuda, Naruhito Iwasaki, Shoko Akasaki, Shigeharu Fujieda, Tomohiro Yoshimoto
Both Th2 cells and group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) contribute to allergic diseases. However, their exact role and relationship in nasal allergic disorders is unclear. In this study, we investigated the cooperation of Th2 cells and ILC2s in a mouse model of nasal allergic disorder. To differentially activate Th2 cells and/or ILC2s in nasal mucosa, mice were intranasally administered ovalbumin (OVA) antigen, papain, an ILC2-activator, or both for 2 weeks. Epithelial thickness and number of eosinophils in the nasal mucosa were evaluated at 24 hours after the final challenge...
May 25, 2017: International Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541489/respiratory-effects-and-systemic-stress-response-following-acute-acrolein-inhalation-in-rats
#7
Samantha J Snow, Marie A McGee, Andres Henriquez, Judy E Richards, Mette C Schladweiler, Allen D Ledbetter, Urmila P Kodavanti
Previous studies have demonstrated that exposure to the pulmonary irritant ozone causes myriad systemic metabolic and pulmonary effects attributed to sympathetic and hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activation, which are exacerbated in metabolically-impaired models. We examined respiratory and systemic effects following exposure to a sensory irritant acrolein to elucidate the systemic and pulmonary consequences in healthy and diabetic rat models. Male Wistar and Goto Kakizaki (GK) rats, a non-obese type II diabetic Wistar-derived model, were exposed by inhalation to 0, 2, or 4 ppm acrolein, 4h/day for 1 or 2 days...
May 24, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540604/systems-factorial-technology-provides-new-insights-on-the-other-race-effect
#8
Cheng-Ta Yang, Mario Fifić, Ting-Yun Chang, Daniel R Little
The other-race effect refers to the difficulty of discriminating between faces from ethnic and racial groups other than one's own. This effect may be caused by a slow, feature-by-feature, analytic process, whereas the discrimination of own-race faces occurs faster and more holistically. However, this distinction has received inconsistent support. To provide a critical test, we employed Systems Factorial Technology (Townsend & Nozawa in Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 39, 321-359, 1995), which is a powerful tool for analyzing the organization of mental networks underlying perceptual processes...
May 24, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540427/variation-in-gaze-following-between-two-asian-colobine-monkeys
#9
Tao Chen, Jie Gao, Jingzhi Tan, Ruoting Tao, Yanjie Su
Gaze-following is a basic cognitive ability found in numerous primate and nonprimate species. However, little is known about this ability and its variation in colobine monkeys. We compared gaze-following of two Asian colobines-François' langurs (Trachypithecus francoisi) and golden snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana). Although both species live in small polygynous family units, units of the latter form multilevel societies with up to hundreds of individuals. François' langurs (N = 15) were less sensitive to the gaze of a human experimenter than were golden snub-nosed monkeys (N = 12)...
May 24, 2017: Primates; Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539983/-clown-nose-as-first-manifestation-of-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-lung
#10
Joaquim Marcoval, Laura Martínez-Molina, Montserrat Bonfill-Ortí, Francesc Valentí-Medina
BACKGROUND: Skin metastases occur in 0.7% to 9% of all patients with cancer and are usually considered a late event in the evolution of most visceral carcinomas. The development of a nodular metastatic lesion on the nasal tip is known as clown nose sign. MAIN OBSERVATION: We report a 64-year-old man that developed a nodular lesion on his nasal tip as first manifestation of squamous lung carcinoma. CONCLUSION: The biopsy of the cutaneous metastasis may be helpful to histopathologically confirm the suspected primary tumour avoiding invasive diagnostic procedures...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539534/influence-of-sulfur-dioxide-on-the-respiratory-system-of-miyakejima-adult-residents-6-years-after-returning-to-the-island
#11
Takeshi Kochi, Satoko Iwasawa, Makiko Nakano, Tazuru Tsuboi, Shigeru Tanaka, Hiroko Kitamura, Donald John Wilson, Toru Takebayashi, Kazuyuki Omae
BACKGROUND: Mount Oyama, on the Japanese island of Miyakejima, began erupting in June 2000, necessitating the evacuation of 3,000 island residents. Volcanic gas emissions, primarily consisting of sulfur dioxide (SO2), gradually decreased and residents returned to the island after the evacuation order was lifted in February 2005. OBJECTIVES: To assess the exposure-effect and exposure-response relationships between SO2 exposure and effects on respiratory system in adult Miyakejima residents...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538884/evaluation-of-surgical-margins-according-to-the-histological-type-of-basal-cell-carcinoma
#12
Charles Antonio Pires de Godoy, Alice Lima de Oliveira Neta, Sofia Silveira de Souza Leão, Raul Lima Dantas, Valeska Oliveira Fonseca Carvalho, Samuel Freire da Silva
Basal cell carcinoma is the most common skin cancer in the world. The aim of this study was to evaluate the surgical margin of basal cell carcinoma and correlate this with its histologic subtype. A retrospective analysis of pathology laboratory records from 1990 to 2000 was performed and the following data was collected: age, sex, race, anatomical location, histological type, and state of the excision margins in 1,428 histopathological reports of basal cell carcinoma. Ages ranged from 6 to 99 years, with an average of 57...
March 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538653/development-of-diamond-and-silicon-mems-sensor-arrays-with-integrated-readout-for-vapor-detection
#13
Maira Possas-Abreu, Farbod Ghassemi, Lionel Rousseau, Emmanuel Scorsone, Emilie Descours, Gaelle Lissorgues
This paper reports on the development of an autonomous instrument based on an array of eight resonant microcantilevers for vapor detection. The fabricated sensors are label-free devices, allowing chemical and biological functionalization. In this work, sensors based on an array of silicon and synthetic diamond microcantilevers are sensitized with polymeric films for the detection of analytes. The main advantage of the proposed system is that sensors can be easily changed for another application or for cleaning since the developed gas cell presents removable electrical connections...
May 24, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538073/deforming-mucocutaneous-leishmaniasis-of-the-nose
#14
Gian Luca Gatti, Nicola Freda, Marco Stabile, Alessandro Giacomina, Bruno Balmelli, Roland Boileau, Luca Rosato, Andrea Sisti
The authors present a clinical report of deforming mucocutaneous leishmaniasis of the nose in a native American woman, left untreated for 25 years. The nose was reconstructed using the local tissue displaced as flaps, and using cartilage grafts taken from the nasal septum and the ear shell. To the best of the authors' knowledge, the literature offers just 1 report on a similar patient.
May 19, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538066/radial-forearm-osteocutaneous-free-flap-for-reconstruction-of-hard-palate-with-alveolar-defect
#15
Euicheol C Jeong, Sehoon Yoon, Young Ho Jung
The radial forearm free flap is beneficial for reconstruction of large palatal defect with oronasal fistula.A 51-year-old male patient who had anterior palate defect including alveolus after the radiation therapy of malignant cancer on the nasopharyngeal area undertook the radial forearm osteocutaneous free flap to close the oronasal fisula and restore the alveolar arch. The small radial bone segment was fixed in the alveolar defect and vascular anastomoses were performed with facial vessels in neck. The donor site was closed with split thickness skin graft...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535618/granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-in-tunisia
#16
I Ben Ghorbel, N Belfeki, N Baouendi, T Ben Salem, M H Houman
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is more frequent in Northern rather than Southern countries. Very few studies have been conducted in Africa. We have performed a retrospective descriptive study including clinical and laboratory profiles of 30 Tunisian GPA patients seen at the department of Internal Medicine of the University Hospital of la Rabta from 2000 to 2014. Mean age at initial GPA diagnosis was 46±12 years, and the average number of months between the onset of symptoms and diagnosis was 25. Seventeen (56%) were male, and 13 (44%) were female...
May 22, 2017: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534875/dose-dependent-social-cognitive-effects-of-intranasal-oxytocin-delivered-with-novel-breath-powered-device-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-crossover-trial
#17
D S Quintana, L T Westlye, S Hope, T Nærland, T Elvsåshagen, E Dørum, Ø Rustan, M Valstad, L Rezvaya, H Lishaugen, E Stensønes, S Yaqub, K T Smerud, R A Mahmoud, P G Djupesland, O A Andreassen
The neuropeptide oxytocin has shown promise as a treatment for symptoms of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, clinical research progress has been hampered by a poor understanding of oxytocin's dose-response and sub-optimal intranasal delivery methods. We examined two doses of oxytocin delivered using a novel Breath Powered intranasal delivery device designed to improve direct nose-to-brain activity in a double-blind, crossover, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. In a randomized sequence of single-dose sessions, 17 male adults with ASD received 8 international units (IU) oxytocin, 24IU oxytocin or placebo followed by four social-cognitive tasks...
May 23, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530264/cyclamen-europaeum-improves-the-effect-of-oral-antibiotics-on-exacerbations-and-recurrences-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis-a-real-life-observational-study-chronos
#18
A S Lopatin, O A Ivanchenko, S S Soshnikov, J Mullol
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is an inflammatory disease of the nose and paranasal sinuses affecting 11% of the European population. Cyclamen europaeum plant extract (CE) has demonstrated efficacy in treating acute rhinosinusitis, but its role in CRS exacerbations remains unknown. In this real-life, prospective, epidemiological, observational study, a total of 317 patients with exacerbations of CRS without nasal polyps (CRSsNP) of moderate severity were treated using three different options: oral antibiotics, CE extract nasal spray, or the combination of oral antibiotic with CE extract...
May 22, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530259/approach-to-the-correction-of-drooping-tip-common-problems-and-solutions
#19
P G Giacomini, S Rubino, S Mocella, M Pascali, S Di Girolamo
The drooping tip deformity is both a bothersome aesthetic feature and functional impairment of the nose. Both static and dynamic factors may affect tip appearance and it seems logical to take into account these factors when planning correction of drooping tip. Many studies have examined this topic, but its treatment remains controversial. In order to make nasal tip surgery successful, it is useful to identify the keystone anatomical characteristics of the tip itself. Naso-labial angle, nostril axis, tip rotation angle according to Frankfort plane and columellar-facial angle may be measured to assess nasal tip position...
May 22, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529425/reconstruction-with-dorsal-nasal-flap-after-excision-of-basal-cell-carcinoma-of-the-nose
#20
Amitabh Jena, Revanth Gangasani, Naru Ramana Reddy, Rashmi Patnayak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
keyword
keyword
3291
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"