keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neural stress

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036532/behavioral-pattern-separation-and-its-link-to-the-neural-mechanisms-of-fear-generalization
#1
Iris Lange, Liesbet Goossens, Stijn Michielse, Jindra Bakker, Shmuel Lissek, Silvia Papalini, Simone Verhagen, Nicole Leibold, Machteld Marcelis, Marieke Wichers, Ritsaert Lieverse, Jim van Os, Therese van Amelsvoort, Koen Schruers
Fear generalization is a prominent feature of anxiety disorders and post-traumatic stress disorder. It is defined as enhanced fear responding to a stimulus that bears similarities, but is not identical to a threatening stimulus. Pattern separation, a hippocampal-dependent process, is critical for stimulus discrimination; it transforms similar experiences or events into non-overlapping representations. The current study is the first in humans to investigate the extent to which fear generalization relies on behavioral pattern separation abilities...
September 26, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035423/dementia-risk-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-the-relevance-of-sleep-related-abnormalities-in-brain-structure-amyloid-and-inflammation
#2
REVIEW
Brian S Mohlenhoff, Aoife O'Donovan, Michael W Weiner, Thomas C Neylan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with increased risk for dementia, yet mechanisms are poorly understood. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent literature suggests several potential mechanisms by which sleep impairments might contribute to the increased risk of dementia observed in PTSD. First, molecular, animal, and imaging studies indicate that sleep problems lead to cellular damage in brain structures crucial to learning and memory. Second, recent studies have shown that lack of sleep might precipitate the accumulation of harmful amyloid proteins...
October 16, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034461/the-migraine-attack-as-a-homeostatic-neuroprotective-response-to-brain-oxidative-stress-preliminary-evidence-for-a-theory
#3
Jonathan M Borkum
BACKGROUND: Previous research has suggested that migraineurs show higher levels of oxidative stress (lipid peroxides) between migraine attacks and that migraine triggers may further increase brain oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is transduced into a neural signal by the TRPA1 ion channel on meningeal pain receptors, eliciting neurogenic inflammation, a key event in migraine. Thus, migraines may be a response to brain oxidative stress. RESULTS: In this article, a number of migraine components are considered: cortical spreading depression, platelet activation, plasma protein extravasation, endothelial nitric oxide synthesis, and the release of serotonin, substance P, calcitonin gene-related peptide, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor...
October 16, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033825/acute-stress-affects-the-expression-of-hippocampal-mu-oscillations-in-an-age-dependent-manner
#4
Samir Takillah, Jérémie Naudé, Steve Didienne, Claude Sebban, Brigitte Decros, Esther Schenker, Michael Spedding, Alexandre Mourot, Jean Mariani, Philippe Faure
Anxiolytic drugs are widely used in the elderly, a population particularly sensitive to stress. Stress, aging and anxiolytics all affect low-frequency oscillations in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex (PFC) independently, but the interactions between these factors remain unclear. Here, we compared the effects of stress (elevated platform, EP) and anxiolytics (diazepam, DZP) on extracellular field potentials (EFP) in the PFC, parietal cortex and hippocampus (dorsal and ventral parts) of adult (8 months) and aged (18 months) Wistar rats...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032323/neural-activity-during-traumatic-film-viewing-is-linked-to-endogenous-estradiol-and-hormonal-contraception
#5
Stephan F Miedl, Melanie Wegerer, Hubert Kerschbaum, Jens Blechert, Frank H Wilhelm
Women are at higher risk for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and recent research has highlighted a modulating role of female sex hormones for cognitive and emotional processes potentially underlying PTSD symptoms. However, studies combining fMRI recordings of brain activity during trauma film viewing with assessment of female sex hormones are missing. The trauma film paradigm - a widely used experimental analogue for trauma exposure - confronts healthy participants with traumatic film clips and thus allows studying peritraumatic processing under laboratory conditions...
October 5, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031555/beneficial-effects-of-dietary-restriction-in-aging-brain
#6
REVIEW
Ibanylla Kynjai Hynniewta Hadem, Teikur Majaw, Babiangshisha Kharbuli, Ramesh Sharma
Aging is a multifactorial complex process that leads to the deterioration of biological functions wherein its underlying mechanism is not fully elucidated. It affects the organism at the molecular and cellular level that contributes to the deterioration of structural integrity of the organs. The central nervous system is the most vulnerable organ affected by aging and its effect is highly heterogeneous. Aging causes alteration in the structure, metabolism and physiology of the brain leading to impaired cognitive and motor-neural functions...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031458/quiet-eye-training-improves-accuracy-in-basketball-field-goal-shooting
#7
Joan N Vickers, Ben Vandervies, Christie Kohut, Brendan Ryley
University students (N = 240) were randomly assigned to a quiet eye training (QET) or technical training (TT) group, and their shooting accuracy (%) determined during a pre-, post-, and transfer test in basketball field shooting. Both groups first received lectures on visuomotor processing and the quiet eye (QE), followed by a laboratory in which participants in the QET group were taught how to adopt the QE characteristics of elite free-throw shooters, which stresses optimal gaze control and focus relative to a single target location, while the TT participants were taught elite biomechanics which stresses optimal control of the shooting stance, arms, and hands...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026723/circadian-rhythm-disruption-and-subsequent-neurological-disorders-in-night-shift-workers
#8
REVIEW
Yunho Jin, Tai-Young Hur, Yonggeun Hong
A large number of people in highly industrialized society are employed in night-shift work. Night-shift work interrupts the 24-hour daily cycle known as the circadian rhythm, as well as melatonin synthesis. These disruptions can make the body susceptible to oxidative stress and neural damage. In this regard, it is recommended that employees avoid long-term exposure to night-shift work.
July 2017: Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025687/serine-racemase-and-d-serine-in-the-amygdala-are-dynamically-involved-in-fear-learning
#9
Darrick T Balu, Kendall Taylor Presti, Cathy C Y Huang, Kevin Muszynski, Inna Radzishevsky, Herman Wolosker, Guia Guffanti, Kerry J Ressler, Joseph T Coyle
BACKGROUND: The amygdala is a central component of the neural circuitry that underlies fear learning. N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor-dependent plasticity in the amygdala is required for pavlovian fear conditioning and extinction. N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor activation requires the binding of a coagonist, D-serine, which is synthesized from L-serine by the neuronal enzyme serine racemase (SR). However, little is known about SR and D-serine function in the amygdala. METHODS: We used immunohistochemical methods to characterize the cellular localization of SR and D-serine in the mouse and human amygdala...
August 26, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024676/perinatal-fluoxetine-prevents-the-effect-of-pre-gestational-maternal-stress-on-5-ht-in-the-pfc-but-maternal-stress-has-enduring-effects-on-mpfc-synaptic-structure-in-offspring
#10
Mary Gemmel, Nikolaos Kokras, Christina Dalla, Jodi L Pawluski
Maternal affective disorders are frequently treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor medications (SSRIs); with up to 10% of women being prescribed these medications during pregnancy. Infant development depends on the early serotonergic environment, which is altered by perinatal SSRIs, raising concern about how these medications affect neural outcomes. While clinical and preclinical research suggests an impact of SSRIs on the developing brain, more research is needed to determine the effects on neuroplasticity, the serotonergic system, and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in neural regions mediating behavior...
October 9, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023796/hemodynamic-parameters-and-baroreflex-sensitivity-during-head-up-tilt-test-in-patients-with-neurally-mediated-syncope
#11
Sung Ho Lee, Ji Hyun Yang, Hye Ran Yim, Jungwae Park, Seung-Jung Park, Kyoung-Min Park, Young Keun On, June Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate differences in hemodynamic parameters and the role of baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) in patients with a history of neurally mediated syncope (NMS) compared with a control group. METHODS: Hemodynamic parameters and BRS were continuously measured non-invasively using a Finometer at rest and during passive head-up tilt test (HUT) in patients with a history of NMS (n = 55) and a control group (n = 77). The tilting period was divided into pretest (resting supine position), initial (first 3 minutes of tilting), last (last 3 minutes of tilting), and recovery (3 minutes after tilting was complete) periods...
October 10, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022482/oct4b2-a-novel-alternative-spliced-variant-of-oct4-is-significantly-upregulated-under-heat-stress-condition-and-downregulated-in-differentiated-cells
#12
Ensieh M Poursani, Majid Mehravar, Bahram Mohammad Soltani, Seyed Javad Mowla
OCT4 is a crucial transcription factor that maintains self-renewal and pluripotency of embryonic stem and embryonic carcinoma cells. The human OCT4 gene can generate at least three variants (OCT4A, OCT4B, and OCTB1) via alternative splicing and alternative promoters. It has been previously reported that OCT4A is the main isoform, retaining stemness state in embryonic stem and embryonic carcinoma cells. There are several reports on the expression of OCT4A, OCT4B, and OCT4B1 in some cancers and tumor cells. The expression of OCT4 in cancer tissues and cell lines appeared to be highly controversial since it was believed that OCT4 is exclusively expressed in embryonic stem/embryonic carcinoma cells...
October 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020649/neuroendocrine-stress-reactivity-of-male-c57bl-6n-mice-following-chronic-oral-corticosterone-exposure-during-adulthood-or-adolescence
#13
Ziasmin Shahanoor, Razia Sultana, Madelyn R Baker, Russell D Romeo
Adolescence is associated with the maturation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, the major neuroendocrine axis mediating the hormonal stress response. Adolescence is also a period in development marked by a variety of stress-related vulnerabilities, including psychological and physiological dysfunctions. Many of these vulnerabilities are accompanied by a disrupted HPA axis. In adult mice, a model of disrupted HPA function has been developed using oral chronic corticosterone administration via the drinking water, which results in various physiological and neurobehavioral abnormalities, including changes in stress reactivity and anxiety-like behaviors...
October 4, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020091/a-novel-network-analysis-approach-reveals-dna-damage-oxidative-stress-and-calcium-camp-homeostasis-associated-biomarkers-in-frontotemporal-dementia
#14
Fernando Palluzzi, Raffaele Ferrari, Francesca Graziano, Valeria Novelli, Giacomina Rossi, Daniela Galimberti, Innocenzo Rainero, Luisa Benussi, Benedetta Nacmias, Amalia C Bruni, Daniele Cusi, Erika Salvi, Barbara Borroni, Mario Grassi
Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD) is the form of neurodegenerative dementia with the highest prevalence after Alzheimer's disease, equally distributed in men and women. It includes several variants, generally characterized by behavioural instability and language impairments. Although few mendelian genes (MAPT, GRN, and C9orf72) have been associated to the FTD phenotype, in most cases there is only evidence of multiple risk loci with relatively small effect size. To date, there are no comprehensive studies describing FTD at molecular level, highlighting possible genetic interactions and signalling pathways at the origin FTD-associated neurodegeneration...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019360/mitigating-the-effects-of-high-fat-diet-on-the-brain-and-behavior-with-berry-supplementation
#15
REVIEW
Amanda N Carey, Rachel L Galli
Research on the potential of berries to modulate the effects of high fat diets on the brain and behavior is a relatively small and growing field. This review provides an overview of current findings from animal studies assessing the impact of high fat diets supplemented with blueberries, blackberries, grapes and jaboticaba berries on cognitive performance and neuroprotection. High fat diets are demonstrated to increase brain markers of oxidative stress and inflammation and result in other neural alterations that can contribute to impairments in learning and memory...
October 11, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016169/the-microbiome-as-a-novel-paradigm-in-studying-stress-and-mental-health
#16
Richard T Liu
At the intersection between neuroscience, microbiology, and psychiatry, the enteric microbiome has potential to become a novel paradigm for studying the psychobiological underpinnings of mental illness. Several studies provide support for the view that the enteric microbiome influences behavior through the microbiota-gut-brain axis. Moreover, recent findings are suggestive of the possibility that dysregulation of the enteric microbiota (i.e., dysbiosis) and associated bacterial translocation across the intestinal epithelium may be involved in the pathophysiology of stress-related psychiatric disorders, particularly depression...
October 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993014/-r-%C3%AE-lipoyl-gly-l-pro-l-glu-dimethyl-ester-as-dual-acting-agent-for-the-treatment-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Lisa Marinelli, Erika Fornasari, Antonio Di Stefano, Hasan Turkez, Mehmet Enes Arslan, Piera Eusepi, Michele Ciulla, Ivana Cacciatore
In this study, effects of LA-GPE (R-α-Lipoyl-Gly-l-Pro-l-Glu dimethyl ester) and GPE (Gly-L-Pro-L-Glu) on the cytotoxic action of Aβ1-42 were tested with differentiated human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells as cellular Alzheimer model via measurements of mitochondrial viability (MTT assay) and lactate dehydrogenase release (LDH assay). Effects of LA-GPE and GPE on acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and total oxidative status (TOS) levels, and neural cell apoptosis and necrosis were also determined...
October 2, 2017: Neuropeptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992272/neural-predictors-of-emotional-inertia-in-daily-life
#18
Christian E Waugh, Elaine Z Shing, Bradley M Avery, Youngkyoo Jung, Christopher T Whitlow, Joseph A Maldjian
Assessing emotional dynamics in the brain offers insight into the fundamental neural and psychological mechanisms underlying emotion. One such dynamic is emotional inertia-the influence of one's emotional state at one time point on one's emotional state at a subsequent time point. Emotion inertia reflects emotional rigidity and poor emotion regulation as evidenced by its relationship to depression and neuroticism. In this study, we assessed changes in cerebral blood flow (CBF) from before to after an emotional task and used these changes to predict stress, positive and negative emotional inertia in daily life events...
September 1, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992195/neural-versus-gonadal-gnih-are-they-independent-systems-a-mini-review
#19
George E Bentley, Kathryn Wilsterman, Darcy K Ernst, Sharon E Lynn, Molly J Dickens, Rebecca M Calisi, Lance J Kriegsfeld, Daniela Kaufer, Anna C Geraghty, Dax viviD, Nicolette L McGuire, Patricia C Lopes, Kazuyoshi Tsutsui
Based on research in protochordates and basal vertebrates, we know that communication across the first endocrine axes likely relied on diffusion. Because diffusion is relatively slow, rapid responses to some cues, including stress-related cues, may have required further local control of axis outputs (e.g., steroid hormone production by the gonads). Despite the evolution of much more efficient circulatory systems and complex nervous systems in vertebrates, production of many "neuro"transmitters has been identified outside of the hypothalamus across the vertebrate phylogeny and these neurotransmitters are known to locally regulate endocrine function...
September 2, 2017: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989083/resveratrol-activation-of-ampk-dependent-pathways-is-neuroprotective-in-human-neural-stem-cells-against-amyloid-beta-induced-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress
#20
Ming-Chang Chiang, Christopher J Nicol, Yi-Chuan Cheng
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder with progressive memory loss resulting in dementia. Amyloid-beta (Aβ) peptides play a critical role in the pathogenesis of this disease, and are thought to promote inflammation and oxidative stress leading to neurodegeneration in the neocortex and hippocampus of the AD brains. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a master regulator of cellular energy homeostasis, and cell survival in response to inflammation and oxidative stress. However, the neuroprotective mechanisms by which AMPK achieves these beneficial effects in human neural stem cells (hNSCs) exposed to Aβ is still not well understood...
October 5, 2017: Neurochemistry International
keyword
keyword
32899
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"