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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220461/new-generation-coronary-stents-current-data-and-future-directions
#1
REVIEW
Ankur Kalra, Hasan Rehman, Sahil Khera, Braghadheeswar Thyagarajan, Deepak L Bhatt, Neal S Kleiman, Robert W Yeh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Drug-eluting stents are the mainstay in the treatment of coronary artery disease using percutaneous coronary intervention. Innovations developed to overcome the limitations of prior generations of stents include biodegradable polymer stents, drug-eluting stents without a polymer, and bioabsorbable scaffolds. Our review briefly discusses the clinical profiles of first- and second-generation coronary stents, and provides an up-to-date overview of design, technology, and clinical safety and efficacy profiles of newer generation coronary stents discussing the relevant clinical trials in this rapidly evolving area of interventional cardiology...
March 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216559/aloe-vera-for-tissue-engineering-applications
#2
REVIEW
Shekh Rahman, Princeton Carter, Narayan Bhattarai
Aloe vera, also referred as Aloe barbadensis Miller, is a succulent plant widely used for biomedical, pharmaceutical and cosmetic applications. Aloe vera has been used for thousands of years. However, recent significant advances have been made in the development of aloe vera for tissue engineering applications. Aloe vera has received considerable attention in tissue engineering due to its biodegradability, biocompatibility, and low toxicity properties. Aloe vera has been reported to have many biologically active components...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216299/hipsc-derived-retinal-ganglion-cells-grow-dendritic-arbors-and-functional-axons-on-a-tissue-engineered-scaffold
#3
Kangjun Li, Xiufeng Zhong, Sijing Yang, Ziming Luo, Kang Li, Ying Liu, Song Cai, Huaiyu Gu, Shoutao Lu, Haijun Zhang, Yantao Wei, Jing Zhuang, Yehong Zhuo, Zhigang Fan, Jian Ge
: Numerous therapeutic procedures in modern medical research rely on the use of tissue engineering for the treatment of retinal diseases. However, the cell source and the transplantation method are still a limitation. Previously, we reported on the induction of a self-organizing three-dimensional neural retina from human-induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs). In this study, we disclose the generation of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) from the neural retina and their seeding on a biodegradable poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) scaffold to create an engineered RGC-scaffold biomaterial...
February 16, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208801/atomic-force-microscopy-a-powerful-tool-to-address-scaffold-design-in-tissue-engineering
#4
Marica Marrese, Vincenzo Guarino, Luigi Ambrosio
Functional polymers currently represent a basic component of a large range of biological and biomedical applications including molecular release, tissue engineering, bio-sensing and medical imaging. Advancements in these fields are driven by the use of a wide set of biodegradable polymers with controlled physical and bio-interactive properties. In this context, microscopy techniques such as Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) are emerging as fundamental tools to deeply investigate morphology and structural properties at micro and sub-micrometric scale, in order to evaluate the in time relationship between physicochemical properties of biomaterials and biological response...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192660/in-vivo-imaging-of-the-stability-and-sustained-cargo-release-of-an-injectable-amphipathic-peptide-based-hydrogel
#5
Edith Oyen, Charlotte Martin, Vicky Caveliers, Annemieke Madder, Bruno Van Mele, Richard Hoogenboom, Sophie Hernot, Steven Ballet
Hydrogels are promising materials for biomedical applications such as tissue engineering and controlled drug release. In the past two decades, the peptide hydrogel subclass has attracted an increasing level of interest from the scientific community because of its numerous advantages, such as biocompatibility, biodegradability, and, most importantly, injectability. Here, we report on a hydrogel consisting of the amphipathic hexapeptide H-FEFQFK-NH2, which has previously shown promising in vivo properties in terms of releasing morphine...
February 20, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187519/development-of-a-novel-alginate-polyvinyl-alcohol-hydroxyapatite-hydrogel-for-3d-bioprinting-bone-tissue-engineered-scaffolds
#6
Stephanie T Bendtsen, Sean P Quinnell, Mei Wei
3D printed biomaterials used as personalized tissue substitutes have the ability to promote and enhance regeneration in areas of defected tissue. The challenge with 3D printing for bone tissue engineering remains the selection of a material with optimal rheological properties for printing in addition to biocompatibility and capacity for uniform cell incorporation. Hydrogel biomaterials may provide sufficient printability to allow cell encapsulation and bioprinting of scaffolds with uniform cell distribution...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185962/design-and-evaluation-of-antibiotic-releasing-self-assembled-scaffolds-at-room-temperature-using-biodegradable-polymer-particles
#7
Prasad Admane, Jatin Gupta, Ancy I J, Robin Kumar, Amulya K Panda
Biodegradable polymer-based drug-eluting implants offer many advantages such as predictable drug release kinetics, safety, and acceptable drug loading under ambient conditions. Herein, we describe fabrication and evaluation of antibiotic loaded scaffolds for localized delivery and tissue engineering applications. PDLLA particles entrapping gentamycin were formulated using solvent evaporation method and used for scaffold fabrication. Optimization of formulation parameters such as pH of the internal aqueous phase and combination of excipients like glycerol, polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) resulted in high entrapment efficiencies up to 96% of gentamicin in particles with drug load of 16-18μg/mg of polymer particles...
February 6, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182119/biodegradable-mesoporous-delivery-system-for-biomineralization-precursors
#8
Hong-Ye Yang, Li-Na Niu, Jin-Long Sun, Xue-Qing Huang, Dan-Dan Pei, Cui Huang, Franklin R Tay
Scaffold supplements such as nanoparticles, components of the extracellular matrix, or growth factors have been incorporated in conventional scaffold materials to produce smart scaffolds for tissue engineering of damaged hard tissues. Due to increasing concerns on the clinical side effects of using large doses of recombinant bone-morphogenetic protein-2 in bone surgery, it is desirable to develop an alternative nanoscale scaffold supplement that is not only osteoinductive, but is also multifunctional in that it can perform other significant bone regenerative roles apart from stimulation of osteogenic differentiation...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171824/hyaluronate-and-its-derivatives-for-customized-biomedical-applications
#9
REVIEW
Hyemin Kim, Hyeonseon Jeong, Seulgi Han, Songeun Beack, Byung Woo Hwang, Myeonghwan Shin, Seung Soo Oh, Sei Kwang Hahn
Since hyaluronate (HA) was firstly isolated from the vitreous of bovine eyes in 1934, HA has been widely investigated for various biomedical applications. As a naturally-occurring polysaccharide, HA has been used for joint lubrication and ocular treatment in its intact form due to the excellent biocompatibility, viscoelasticity, biodegradability, and hygroscopic properties. HA can be easily functionalized via the chemical modification of its carboxyl and hydroxyl groups. Recently, a variety of biological functions of HA have been explored and a number of customized applications have been investigated taking advantages of the interaction between HA and biological tissues...
January 30, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167393/biodegradable-scaffolds-promote-tissue-remodeling-and-functional-improvement-in-non-human-primates-with-acute-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Jonathan R Slotkin, Christopher D Pritchard, Brian Luque, Janice Ye, Richard T Layer, Mathew S Lawrence, Timothy M O'Shea, Roland R Roy, Hui Zhong, Isabel Vollenweider, V Reggie Edgerton, Grégoire Courtine, Eric J Woodard, Robert Langer
Tissue loss significantly reduces the potential for functional recovery after spinal cord injury. We previously showed that implantation of porous scaffolds composed of a biodegradable and biocompatible block copolymer of Poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid and Poly-l-lysine improves functional recovery and reduces spinal cord tissue injury after spinal cord hemisection injury in rats. Here, we evaluated the safety and efficacy of porous scaffolds in non-human Old-World primates (Chlorocebus sabaeus) after a partial and complete lateral hemisection of the thoracic spinal cord...
January 25, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165708/preparation-characterization-and-mechanism-for-biodegradable-and-biocompatible-polyurethane-shape-memory-elastomers
#11
Yu-Chun Chien, Wei-Tsung Chuang, U-Ser Jeng, Shan-Hui Hsu
Thermally induced shape memory is an attractive feature of certain functional materials. Among the shape memory polymers, shape memory elastomers (SMEs) especially those with biodegradability have great potential in the biomedical field. In this study, we prepared waterborne biodegradable polyurethane SME based on poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) oligodiol and poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) oligodiol as the mixed soft segments. The ratio of the soft segments in polyurethanes was optimized for shape memory behavior. The thermally induced shape memory mechanism of the series of polyurethanes was clarified using differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS)...
February 6, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165584/triblock-copolymers-based-on-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-and-trimethylene-carbonate-for-the-3d-printing-of-tissue-engineering-scaffolds
#12
Aysun Güney, Jos Malda, Wouter J A Dhert, Dirk W Grijpma
BACKGROUND: Biodegradable PCL-b-PTMC-b-PCL triblock copolymers based on trimethylene carbonate (TMC) and ε-caprolactone (CL) were prepared and used in the 3D printing of tissue engineering scaffolds. Triblock copolymers of various molecular weights containing equal amounts of TMC and CL were prepared. These block copolymers combine the low glass transition temperature of amorphous PTMC (approximately -20°C) and the semi-crystallinity of PCL (glass transition approximately -60°C and melting temperature approximately 60°C)...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160103/stents-biomechanics-biomaterials-and-insights-from-computational-modeling
#13
REVIEW
Georgia S Karanasiou, Michail I Papafaklis, Claire Conway, Lampros K Michalis, Rami Tzafriri, Elazer R Edelman, Dimitrios I Fotiadis
Coronary stents have revolutionized the treatment of coronary artery disease. Improvement in clinical outcomes requires detailed evaluation of the performance of stent biomechanics and the effectiveness as well as safety of biomaterials aiming at optimization of endovascular devices. Stents need to harmonize the hemodynamic environment and promote beneficial vessel healing processes with decreased thrombogenicity. Stent design variables and expansion properties are critical for vessel scaffolding. Drug-elution from stents, can help inhibit in-stent restenosis, but adds further complexity as drug release kinetics and coating formulations can dominate tissue responses...
February 3, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150731/levofloxacin-loaded-mesoporous-silica-microspheres-nano-hydroxyapatite-polyurethane-composite-scaffold-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-osteomyelitis-with-bone-defects
#14
Qi Wang, Cheng Chen, Wen Liu, Xiaoqiang He, Nian Zhou, Dongli Zhang, Hongchen Gu, Jidong Li, Jiaxing Jiang, Wei Huang
Chronic osteomyelitis is a prolonged persistent disease accompanied by bone destruction and sequestrum formation, it is very difficult to treat. Antibiotic loaded polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) has been used in clinical. However, when PMMA was implanted in the body, the deficiencies is that it is non-biodegradable and a second operation is needed. Here, we synthesize a novel levofloxacin loaded mesoporous silica microspheres/nano-hydroxyapatite/polyurethane composite scaffolds, and evaluated the therapeutic effect in treating chronic osteomyelitis with bone defects in rabbit model compared with bulk PMMA...
February 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135640/characterization-of-the-mechanical-behaviors-and-bioactivity-of-tetrapod-zno-whiskers-reinforced-bioactive-glass-gelatin-composite-scaffolds
#15
Weihuang Guo, Fujian Zhao, Yudong Wang, Jieyin Tang, Xiaofeng Chen
The purpose of this study is to construct bone tissue engineering scaffold with high porosity, good mechanical properties, and biological activities. Bioactive glass/gelatin composite scaffolds with different amounts of tetrapod zinc oxide whiskers were produced. The morphology, mechanical properties and in vitro bioactivity of the composite scaffolds were investigated. Results showed that, the composite scaffolds had open pores with a high degree of interconnectivity, and the porosity was higher than 80%. With the amount of ZnO whiskers increased, the mechanical properties of scaffolds increased...
January 23, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131109/fabrication-of-chitosan-silk-based-tracheal-scaffold-using-freeze-casting-method
#16
Zeinab Nematollahi, Mohammad Tafazzoli-Shadpour, Ali Zamanian, Amir Seyedsalehi, Shadmehr Mohammad-Behgam, Fariba Ghorbani, Fereshte Mirahmadi
Background: Since the treatments of long tracheal leisions are associated with some limitations, tissue enginered trachea is considered as an alternative option. This study aimed at preparing a composite scaffold, based on natural and synthetic materials for tracheal tissue engineering. Methods: Nine chitosan silk-based scaffolds were fabricated using three freezing rates (0.5, 1, and 2°C/min) and glutaraldehyde (GA) concentrations (0, 0.4, and 0.8 wt%). Samples were characterized, and scaffolds having mechanical properties compatible with those of human trachea and proper biodegradability were selected for chondrocyte cell seeding and subsequent biological assessments...
29, 2017: Iranian Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128919/carbon-nanofiber-polycaprolactone-mineralized-hydroxyapatite-nanofibrous-scaffolds-for-potential-orthopedic-applications
#17
Shinyjoy Elangomannan, Kavitha Louis, Bhagya Mathi Dharmaraj, Venkata Saravanan Kandasamy, Kannan Soundarapandian, Dhanaraj Gopi
Hydroxyapatite (Ca10 (PO4)6(OH)2, HAP), a multimineral substituted calcium phosphate is one of the most substantial bone mineral component that has been widely used as bone replacement materials because of its bioactive and biocompatible properties. However, the use of HAP as bone implants is restricted due to its brittle nature and poor mechanical properties. To overcome this defect and to generate suitable bone implant material, HAP is combined with biodegradable polymer (polycaprolactone, PCL). To enhance the mechanical property of the composite, carbon nanofibers (CNF) is incorporated to the composite, which has long been considered for hard and soft tissue implant due to its exceptional mechanical and structural properties...
February 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127889/cell-free-artificial-implants-of-electrospun-fibres-in-a-three-dimensional-gelatin-matrix-support-sciatic-nerve-regeneration-in-vivo
#18
Andreas Kriebel, Dorothee Hodde, Thomas Kuenzel, Jessica Engels, Gary Brook, Jörg Mey
Surgical repair of larger peripheral nerve lesions requires the use of autologous nerve grafts. At present, clinical alternatives to avoid nerve transplantation consist of empty tubes, which are only suitable for the repair over short distances and have limited success. We developed a cell-free, three-dimensional scaffold for axonal guidance in long-distance nerve repair. Sub-micron scale fibres of biodegradable poly-ε-caprolactone (PCL) and collagen/PCL (c/PCL) blends were incorporated in a gelatin matrix and inserted in collagen tubes...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127737/new-insights-into-the-pros-and-cons-of-cross-linking-decellularized-bioartificial-organs
#19
Kamal H Hussein, Kyung-Mee Park, Yun-Suk Lee, Jae-Seok Woo, Byung-Jae Kang, Ki-Young Choi, Kyung-Sun Kang, Heung-Myong Woo
ABSTRACTDecellularization is an attractive method for scaffold designing in regenerative medicine. The resulting extracellular matrix (ECM) consists of structural proteins such as collagen and elastin, growth factors, and glycosaminoglycans, which can direct site-appropriate remodeling after in vivo implantation. Mainly, collagen and elastin of ECM are exposed to the enzymatic biodegradation in the host. To control the biodegradation process, treatment of decellularized tissue by a cross-linking agent is required...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125208/shape-recovery-with-concomitant-mechanical-strengthening-of-amphiphilic-shape-memory-polymers-in-warm-water
#20
Ben Zhang, Janae E DeBartolo, Jie Song
Maintaining adequate or enhancing mechanical properties of shape memory polymers (SMPs) after shape recovery in an aqueous environment are greatly desired for biomedical applications of SMPs as self-fitting tissue scaffolds or minimally invasive surgical implants. Here we report stable temporary shape fixing and facile shape recovery of biodegradable triblock amphiphilic SMPs containing a poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) center block and flanking poly(lactic acid) or poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) blocks in warm water, accompanied by concomitant enhanced mechanical strengths...
January 26, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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