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Biodegradable scaffold

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912139/repair-of-calvarial-bone-defects-in-mice-using-electrospun-polystyrene-scaffolds-combined-with-%C3%AE-tcp-or-gold-nanoparticles
#1
Lisa Terranova, Diana Maria Dragusin, Romain Mallet, Eugeniu Vasile, Izabela-Cristina Stancu, Catherine Behets, Daniel Chappard
Non-biodegradable porous polystyrene (PS) scaffolds, composed of microfibers, have been prepared by electrospinning for the reconstruction of large bone defects. PS microfibers were prepared by incorporating β-TCP grains inside the polymer or grafting gold nanoparticles surface functionalized with mercaptosuccinic acid. Cytocompatibility of the three types of scaffolds (PS, β-TCP-PS and Au-PS) was studied by seeding human mesenchymal stem cells. Biocompatibility was evaluated by implanting β-TCP-PS and Au-PS scaffolds into a critical size (4mm) calvarial defect in mice...
November 8, 2016: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910822/prolonged-in-vitro-precultivation-alleviates-post-implantation-inflammation-and-promotes-stable-subcutaneous-cartilage-formation-in-a-goat-model
#2
Yi Liu, Dan Li, Zongqi Yin, Xusong Luo, Wei Liu, Wenjie Zhang, Zhiyong Zhang, Yilin Cao, Yu Liu, Guangdong Zhou
Synthetic biodegradable scaffolds such as polylactic acid coated polyglycolic acid (PLA-PGA) are especially suitable for engineering shaped cartilage such as auricle, but they induce a serious inflammatory reaction particularly in the immunologically aggressive subcutaneous site, leading to resorption of the engineered autologous cartilage. Our previous study in a rabbit model has demonstrated 2 weeks of in vitro precultivation could significantly alleviate the post-implantation inflammation induced by PLA-PGA engineered cartilaginous grafts, but reproduction of this result failed in a preclinical goat model...
December 2, 2016: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909870/erratum-to-evaluation-of-the-effect-of-nt-3-and-biodegradable-poly-l-lactic-acid-nanofiber-scaffolds-on-differentiation-of-rat-hair-follicle-stem-cells-into-neural-cells-in-vitro
#3
Fatemeh Moghani Ghoroghi, Leila Beygom Hejazian, Banafshe Esmaeilzade, Masumeh Dodel, Masoud Roudbari, Maliheh Nobakht
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901555/osteoblast-seeded-bioglass-gelatin-nanocomposite-a-promising-bone-substitute-in-critical-size-calvarial-defect-repair-in-rat
#4
Behrooz Johari, Mehdi Kadivar, Shirin Lak, Mazaher Gholipourmalekabadi, Aleksandra M Urbanska, Masoud Mozafari, Maryam Ahmadzadehzarajabad, Asaad Azarnezhad, Samane Afshari, Jamil Zargan, Saeid Kargozar
INTRODUCTION: Amid the plethora of methods to repair critical bone defects, there is no one perfect approach. In this study, we sought to evaluate a potent 3-dimensional (3D) bioactive SiO2-CaO-P2O5 glasses (bioglass)/gelatin (gel) scaffold for its biocompatibility by seeding cells as well as for its regenerative properties by animal implantation. METHODS: Osteoblast cells were seeded onto nanocomposite scaffolds to investigate the process of critical-size calvarial defect via new bone formation...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896495/accuracy-of-coronary-computed-tomography-angiography-for-bioresorbable-scaffold-luminal-investigation-a-comparison-with-optical-coherence-tomography
#5
Carlos Collet, Yohei Sotomi, Rafael Cavalcante, Taku Asano, Yosuke Miyazaki, Erhan Tenekecioglu, Pieter Kistlaar, Yaping Zeng, Pannipa Suwanasson, Robbert J de Winter, Koen Nieman, Patrick W Serruys, Yoshinobu Onuma
To establish the accuracy of coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) for in-scaffold quantitative evaluation with optical coherence tomography (OCT) as a reference. The translucent backbone of the bioresorbable scaffold allow us to evaluate non-invasively the coronary lumen with coronary CTA. In the ABSORB first-in-man studies, coronary CTA was shown to be feasible for quantitative luminal assessment. Nevertheless, a comparison with an intravascular modality with higher resolution has never been performed...
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892655/3d-printed-polycaprolactone-carbon-nanotube-composite-scaffolds-for-cardiac-tissue-engineering
#6
Chee Meng Benjamin Ho, Abhinay Mishra, Pearlyn Teo Pei Lin, Sum Huan Ng, Wai Yee Yeong, Young-Jin Kim, Yong-Jin Yoon
Fabrication of tissue engineering scaffolds with the use of novel 3D printing has gained lot of attention, however systematic investigation of biomaterials for 3D printing have not been widely explored. In this report, well-defined structures of polycaprolactone (PCL) and PCL- carbon nanotube (PCL-CNT) composite scaffolds have been designed and fabricated using a 3D printer. Conditions for 3D printing has been optimized while the effects of varying CNT percentages with PCL matrix on the thermal, mechanical and biological properties of the printed scaffolds are studied...
November 28, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877865/three-dimensional-printed-macroporous-polylactic-acid-hydroxyapatite-composite-scaffolds-for-promoting-bone-formation-in-a-critical-size-rat-calvarial-defect-model
#7
Haifeng Zhang, Xiyuan Mao, Zijing Du, Wenbo Jiang, Xiuguo Han, Danyang Zhao, Dong Han, Qingfeng Li
We have explored the applicability of printed scaffold by comparing osteogenic ability and biodegradation property of three resorbable biomaterials. A polylactic acid/hydroxyapatite (PLA/HA) composite with a pore size of 500 μm and 60% porosity was fabricated by three-dimensional printing. Three-dimensional printed PLA/HA, β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) and partially demineralized bone matrix (DBM) seeded with bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) were evaluated by cell adhesion, proliferation, alkaline phosphatase activity and osteogenic gene expression of osteopontin (OPN) and collagen type I (COL-1)...
2016: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872844/fabrication-of-poly-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-scaffolds-reinforced-with-cellulose-nanofibers-with-and-without-the-addition-of-hydroxyapatite-nanoparticles
#8
Pedro Morouço, Sara Biscaia, Tânia Viana, Margarida Franco, Cândida Malça, Artur Mateus, Carla Moura, Frederico C Ferreira, Geoffrey Mitchell, Nuno M Alves
Biomaterial properties and controlled architecture of scaffolds are essential features to provide an adequate biological and mechanical support for tissue regeneration, mimicking the ingrowth tissues. In this study, a bioextrusion system was used to produce 3D biodegradable scaffolds with controlled architecture, comprising three types of constructs: (i) poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) matrix as reference; (ii) PCL-based matrix reinforced with cellulose nanofibers (CNF); and (iii) PCL-based matrix reinforced with CNF and hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (HANP)...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865962/pharmacologically-active-microcarriers-delivering-bdnf-within-a-hydrogel-novel-strategy-for-human-bone-marrow-derived-stem-cells-neural-neuronal-differentiation-guidance-and-therapeutic-secretome-enhancement
#9
Saikrishna Kandalam, Laurence Sindji, Gaëtan J-R Delcroix, Fabien Violet, Xavier Garric, Emilie M André, Paul C Schiller, Marie-Claire Venier-Julienne, Anne des Rieux, Jérôme Guicheux, Claudia N Montero-Menei
: Stem cells combined with biodegradable injectable scaffolds releasing growth factors hold great promises in regenerative medicine, particularly in the treatment of neurological disorders. We here integrated human marrow-isolated adult multilineage-inducible (MIAMI) stem cells and pharmacologically active microcarriers (PAMs) into an injectable non-toxic silanized-hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (Si-HPMC) hydrogel. The goal is to obtain an injectable non-toxic cell and growth factor delivery device...
November 16, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865438/evaluation-of-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-for-full-thickness-wound-healing-in-comparison-to-tissue-engineered-chitosan-scaffold-in-rabbit
#10
Mohammad Hossein Rajabian, Gholam Hossein Ghorabi, Bita Geramizadeh, Safoura Sameni, Maryam Ayatollahi
BACKGROUND: Chronic wounds present a major challenge in modern medicine. Even under optimal conditions, the healing process may lead to scarring and fibrosis. The ability of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to differentiate into other cell types makes these cells an attractive therapeutic tool for cell transplantation. Both tissue-engineered construct and MSC therapy are among the current wound healing procedures and potential care. Chitosan has been widely applied in tissue engineering because of its biocompatibility and biodegradability...
November 9, 2016: Tissue & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865067/laminin-modified-and-aligned-phbv-peo-nanofibrous-nerve-conduits-promote-peripheral-nerve-regeneration
#11
Xiao-Feng Zhang, Hai-Xia Liu, Lazarus Santiago Ortiz, Zhong-Dang Xiao, Ning-Ping Huang
Poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) has received much attention for its biodegradability and biocompatibility, characteristics which are required in tissue engineering. In this study, polyethylene oxide (PEO)-incorporated PHBV nanofibers with random or aligned orientation were obtained by electrospinning. For further use in vivo, the nanofiber films were made into nerve conduits after treated with NH3 plasma, which could improve the hydrophilicity of inner surfaces of nerve conduits and then facilitate laminin adsorption via electrostatic interaction for promoting cell adhesion and proliferation...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863642/tissue-engineered-trachea-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Jia Xian Law, Ling Ling Liau, Bin Saim Aminuddin, Bt Hj Idrus Ruszymah
Tracheal replacement is performed after resection of a portion of the trachea that was impossible to reconnect via direct anastomosis. A tissue-engineered trachea is one of the available options that offer many advantages compared to other types of graft. Fabrication of a functional tissue-engineered trachea for grafting is very challenging, as it is a complex organ with important components, including cartilage, epithelium and vasculature. A number of studies have been reported on the preparation of a graftable trachea...
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863289/a-new-novolimus-eluting-bioresorbable-coronary-scaffold-present-status-and-future-clinical-perspectives
#13
REVIEW
Holger M Nef, Jens Wiebe, Nicolas Foin, Florian Blachutzik, Oliver Dörr, Sara Toyloy, Christian W Hamm
The DESolve® scaffold (Elixir Medical Corporation, Sunnyvale, California, USA) is manufactured from a poly-l-lactide based polymer and elutes an anti-proliferative, anti-inflammatory drug, Novolimus from a poly-l-lactide based topcoat mixture. The strut thickness is 150μm and the scaffold has platinum-iridium radiopaque markers at both ends. Radial support is available during the early time period to prevent recoil. The scaffold biodegrades within 1year (>90% reduction in molecular weight) and then completely bioresorbs within 2years...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857762/scaffolds-in-regenerative-endodontics-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Kinjal M Gathani, Srinidhi Surya Raghavendra
Root canal therapy has enabled us to save numerous teeth over the years. The most desired outcome of endodontic treatment would be when diseased or nonvital pulp is replaced with healthy pulp tissue that would revitalize the teeth through regenerative endodontics. 'A search was conducted using the Pubmed and MEDLINE databases for articles with the criteria 'Platelet rich plasma', 'Platelet rich fibrin', 'Stem cells', 'Natural and artificial scaffolds' from 1982-2015'. Tissues are organized as three-dimensional structures, and appropriate scaffolding is necessary to provide a spatially correct position of cell location and regulate differentiation, proliferation, or metabolism of the stem cells...
September 2016: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849855/213-neointimal-coverage-patterns-in-biodegradable-vascular-scaffold-and-drug-eluting-stents
#15
Pradyumna Agasthi, Sivakanth Aloor, Aneese Chaudhry, Kwan Lee, Gautam Kumar, Rajesh Sachdeva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848099/dental-pulp-tissue-engineering-of-pulpotomized-rat-molars-with-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#16
Takafumi Ito, Tomoatsu Kaneko, Yukiko Sueyama, Reika Kaneko, Takashi Okiji
The major goal of dental pulp tissue engineering is to enable the healing of inflamed tissue or to replace necrotic pulp tissue with newly formed dental pulp tissue. Here, we report a protocol for pulp tissue engineering in vivo in pulpotomized rat teeth using constructs of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, preformed biodegradable scaffolds, and hydrogel. The constructs were implanted into pulpotomized pulp chambers for 3, 7, or 14 days. At 3 days, cells were located mainly along the preformed scaffolds...
November 15, 2016: Odontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835763/local-pulsatile-pth-delivery-regenerates-bone-defects-via-enhanced-bone-remodeling-in-a-cell-free-scaffold
#17
Ming Dang, Amy J Koh, Xiaobing Jin, Laurie K McCauley, Peter X Ma
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is currently the only FDA-approved anabolic drug to treat osteoporosis, and is systemically administered through daily injections. A new local pulsatile PTH delivery device was developed from biodegradable polymers to expand the application of PTH from systemic treatment to spatially controlled local bone defect regeneration in this work. This is the first time that local pulsatile PTH delivery has been demonstrated to promote bone regeneration via enhanced bone remodeling. The biodegradable delivery device was designed to locally deliver PTH in a preprogrammed pulsatile manner...
January 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829193/modifying-the-strength-and-strain-concentration-profile-within-collagen-scaffolds-using-customizable-arrays-of-poly-lactic-acid-fibers
#18
Laura C Mozdzen, Alan Vucetic, Brendan A C Harley
The tendon-to-bone junction is a highly specialized tissue which dissipates stress concentrations between mechanically dissimilar tendon and bone. Upon injury, the local heterogeneities across this insertion are not regenerated, leading to poor functional outcomes such as formation of scar tissue at the insertion and re-failure rates exceeding 90%. Although current tissue engineering methods are moving towards the development of spatially-graded biomaterials to begin to address these injuries, significant opportunities remain to engineer the often complex local mechanical behavior of such biomaterials to enhance their bioactivity...
October 27, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826004/cell-infiltrative-hydrogel-fibrous-scaffolds-for-accelerated-wound-healing
#19
Xin Zhao, Xiaoming Sun, Lara Yildirimer, Qi Lang, Zhi Yuan William Lin, Reila Zheng, Yuguang Zhang, Wenguo Cui, Nasim Annabi, Ali Khademhosseini
: Development of natural protein-based fibrous scaffolds with tunable physical properties and biocompatibility is highly desirable to construct a three-dimensional (3D), fully cellularized scaffold for wound healing. Herein, we demonstrated a simple and effective technique to construct electrospun 3D fibrous scaffolds for accelerated wound healing using a photocrosslinkable hydrogel based on methacryloylated gelatin (GelMA). We found that the physical properties of the photocrosslinkable hydrogel including water retention, stiffness, strength, elasticity and degradation can be tailored by changing the light exposure time...
November 4, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826001/fibers-for-hearts-a-critical-review-on-electrospinning-for-cardiac-tissue-engineering
#20
REVIEW
Maria Kitsara, Onnik Agbulut, Dimitrios Kontziampasis, Yong Chen, Philippe Menasché
Cardiac cell therapy holds a real promise for improving heart function and especially of the chronically failing myocardium. Embedding cells into 3D biodegradable scaffolds may better preserve cell survival and enhance cell engraftment after transplantation, consequently improving cardiac cell therapy compared with direct intramyocardial injection of isolated cells. The primary objective of a scaffold used in tissue engineering is the recreation of the natural 3D environment most suitable for an adequate tissue growth...
November 5, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
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