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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549435/molecular-characterization-of-hemotropic-mycoplasmas-mycoplasma-ovis-and-candidatus-mycoplasma-haemovis-in-sheep-and-goats-in-china
#1
Xiaoxing Wang, Yanyan Cui, Yan Zhang, Ke Shi, Yaqun Yan, Fuchun Jian, Longxian Zhang, Rongjun Wang, Changshen Ning
BACKGROUND: Hemotropic mycoplasmas (hemoplasmas) are emerging zoonotic pathogens with a worldwide distribution that can cause mild to severe hemolytic anemia, icterus, ill-thrift, infertility, and poor weight gain. However, understanding of the molecular epidemiology of hemoplasmas (Mycoplasma ovis and 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemovis') is limited in sheep and goats, and the hemoplasma strain/species/variant 'Candidatus M. haemovis' was poorly studied throughout the world and had never been detected in China until now...
May 26, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545546/emulsifying-dietary-fat-modulates-postprandial-endotoxemia-associated-with-chylomicronemia-in-obese-men-a-pilot-randomized-crossover-study
#2
Cécile Vors, Jocelyne Drai, Gaëlle Pineau, Martine Laville, Hubert Vidal, Fabienne Laugerette, Marie-Caroline Michalski
BACKGROUND: Postprandial hyperlipemia is recognized as a major cardio-metabolic risk factor, recently linked to the co-absorption of pro-inflammatory lipopolysaccharides with dietary lipids. This causes endotoxemia that is involved in the pathophysiology of obesity and insulin resistance, but to date the impact of food formulation is unknown. We tested a novel concept that endotoxin absorption can be modulated by fat emulsified structure in the meal, and potentially differently in obese vs...
May 25, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543952/structural-signature-of-classical-versus-late-onset-friedreich-s-ataxia-by-multimodality-brain-mri
#3
Thiago Junqueira R Rezende, Alberto Rolim M Martinez, Ingrid Faber, Karen Girotto, José Luiz Pedroso, Orlando G Barsottini, Iscia Lopes-Cendes, Fernando Cendes, Andreia V Faria, Marcondes C França
INTRODUCTION: Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) is the most common autosomal-recessive ataxia worldwide. It is characterized by early onset, sensory abnormalities, and slowly progressive ataxia. However, some individuals manifest the disease after the age of 25 years and are classified as late-onset FRDA (LOFA). Therefore, we propose a transversal multimodal MRI-based study to investigate which anatomical substrates are involved in classical (cFRDA) and LOFA. METHODS: We enrolled 36 patients (13 with LOFA) and 29 healthy controls...
May 23, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542485/a-link-between-thrifty-phenotype-and-maternal-care-across-two-generations-of-intercrossed-mice
#4
Bruno Sauce, Carolina P Goes, Isabela Forti, Bruno Gabriel O do Monte, Isabela M Watanabe, Joao Cunha, Andrea C Peripato
Maternal effects are causal influences from mother to offspring beyond genetic information, and have lifelong consequences for multiple traits. Previously, we reported that mice whose mothers did not nurse properly had low birth weight followed by rapid fat accumulation and disturbed development of some organs. That pattern resembles metabolic syndromes known collectively as the thrifty phenotype, which is believed to be an adaptation to a stressful environment which prepares offspring for reduced nutrient supply...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542366/illicit-drug-use-and-its-association-with-key-sexual-risk-behaviours-and-outcomes-findings-from-britain-s-third-national-survey-of-sexual-attitudes-and-lifestyles-natsal-3
#5
Rachelle Paquette, Clare Tanton, Fiona Burns, Philip Prah, Maryam Shahmanesh, Nigel Field, Wendy Macdowall, Kirsten Gravningen, Pam Sonnenberg, Catherine H Mercer
OBJECTIVES: We explore the hypothesis that using illicit drugs other than, or in addition to, cannabis is associated with sexual risk behaviour and sexual health outcomes in the British population. METHODS: We analysed data, separately by gender, reported by sexually-active participants (those reporting > = 1 partners/past year) aged 16-44 years (3,395 men, 4,980 women) in Britain's third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3), a probability survey undertaken 2010-12 involving computer-assisted personal-interview and computer-assisted self-interview...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541187/enhancement-of-group-perception-via-a-collaborative-brain-computer-interface
#6
Davide Valeriani, Riccardo Poli, Caterina Cinel
OBJECTIVE: We aimed at improving group performance in a challenging visual search task via a hybrid collaborative brain-computer interface (cBCI). METHODS: Ten participants individually undertook a visual search task where a display was presented for 250 ms, and they had to decide whether a target was present or not. Local temporal correlation common spatial pattern (LTCCSP) was used to extract neural features from response- and stimulus-locked EEG epochs. The resulting feature vectors were extended by including response times and features extracted from eye movements...
June 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540735/yup-ik-identity-and-socioeconomic-status-are-associated-with-child-consumption-of-traditional-food-and-weight-in-rural-yup-ik-communities
#7
Anne-Claire Maurice, Jacques Philip, Andrea Bersamin
OBJECTIVE: In remote, Alaska Native communities, traditional foods remain a significant source of essential nutrients and appear to protect against the development of chronic diseases. Relatively low intake of traditional foods among Alaska Native children is therefore of concern. The aim of this study was to identify household and parental predictors of child traditional food (TF) consumption and weight in remote Yup'ik communities of Alaska. DESIGN: Children (10-18 years old) and parents in two communities (populations <500) were invited to participate in this cross-sectional study...
May 25, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540571/peer-victimization-and-unhealthy-weight-control-behaviors-the-role-of-intersecting-identities-among-new-york-city-youth
#8
Kriti Thapa, Elizabeth A Kelvin
We investigated the intersection of sexual minority, gender, and Hispanic identities, and their interaction with peer victimization in predicting unhealthy weight control behaviors (UWCB) among New York City (NYC) youths. Using logistic regression with data from the 2011 NYC Youth Risk Behavior Survey, we examined the association of sexual identity, gender, ethnicity, and peer victimization (dating violence, bullying at school, electronic bullying) in predicting UWCB. Sexual minority youths, dating violence victims, and youths bullied at school had 1...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533970/a-comparison-of-freezing-damage-during-isochoric-and-isobaric-freezing-of-the-potato
#9
Chenang Lyu, Gabriel Nastase, Gideon Ukpai, Alexandru Serban, Boris Rubinsky
BACKGROUND: Freezing is commonly used for food preservation. It is usually done under constant atmospheric pressure (isobaric). While extending the life of the produce, isobaric freezing has detrimental effects. It causes loss of food weight and changes in food quality. Using thermodynamic analysis, we have developed a theoretical model of the process of freezing in a constant volume system (isochoric). The mathematical model suggests that the detrimental effects associated with isobaric freezing may be reduced in an isochoric freezing system...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533422/paternal-hyperglycemia-in-rats-exacerbates-the-development-of-obesity-in-offspring
#10
Xiaoqin Shi, Xinyu Li, Yi Hou, Xuemei Cao, Yuyao Zhang, Heng Wang, Hongying Wang, Chuan Peng, Jibin Li, Qifu Li, Chaodong Wu, Xiaoqiu Xiao
Parental history with obesity or diabetes will increase the risk for developing metabolic diseases in offspring. However, literatures as to transgenerational inheritance of metabolic dysfunctions through male lineage are relatively scarce. In current study, we aimed to evaluate influences of paternal hyperglycemia on metabolic phenotypes in offspring. Male SD rats were ip injected with streptozotocin (STZ) or citrate buffer (CB, as control). STZ-injected rats with glucose levels higher than 16 mM were selected to breed with normal female rats...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529756/a-socioecological-framework-for-research-on-work-and-obesity-in-diverse-urban-transit-operators-based-on-gender-race-and-ethnicity
#11
REVIEW
BongKyoo Choi, Peter Schnall, Marnie Dobson, Haiou Yang, Dean Baker, YoungJu Seo
Urban transit (bus and rail) operators, totaling nearly 700,000 persons, are one of the heaviest occupational groups in the United States (US). Little is known about occupational risk factors for weight gain and obesity and their interrelationship with health-related behaviors, particularly among female minority (African Americans and Hispanics) transit operators who are at greater risk for obesity. As a step towards developing successful obesity interventions among urban transit operators, this paper aims to present a new socioecological framework for studying working conditions, chronic strain, health-related behaviors, weight gain/obesity, and obesity disparity in diverse urban transit operators based on gender, race, and ethnicity...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528194/analysis-of-peg-oligomers-in-black-gel-inks-discrimination-and-ink-dating
#12
Qiran Sun, Yiwen Luo, Ping Xiang, Xu Yang, Min Shen
Carbon-based black gel inks are common samples in forensic practice of questioned document examination in China, but there are few analytical methods for this type of ink. In this study, a liquid chromatography-.high resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS) method was established for the analysis of PEG oligomers in carbon-based black gel ink entries. The coupled instruments achieve both the identification and quantification of PEG oligomers in ink entries with reproducible results. Twenty carbon-based black gel inks, whose Raman spectra appeared identical, were analyzed using the LC-HRMS method...
May 4, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522411/halloysite-and-chitosan-oligosaccharide-nanocomposite-for-wound-healing
#13
Giuseppina Sandri, Carola Aguzzi, Silvia Rossi, Maria Cristina Bonferoni, Giovanna Bruni, Cinzia Boselli, Antonia Icaro Cornaglia, Federica Riva, Cesar Viseras, Carla Caramella, Franca Ferrari
Halloysite is a natural nanotubular clay mineral (HNTs, Halloysite Nano Tubes) chemically identical to kaolinite and, due to its good biocompatibility, is an attractive nanomaterial for a vast range of biological applications. Chitosan oligosaccharides are homo- or heterooligomers of N-acetylglucosamine and D-glucosamine, that accelerate wound healing by enhancing the functions of inflammatory and repairing cells. The aim of the work was the development of a nanocomposite based on HNTs and chitosan oligosaccharides, to be used as pour powder to enhance healing in the treatment of chronic wounds...
May 15, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521758/genome-wide-association-study-for-feed-efficiency-and-growth-traits-in-u-s-beef-cattle
#14
Christopher M Seabury, David L Oldeschulte, Mahdi Saatchi, Jonathan E Beever, Jared E Decker, Yvette A Halley, Eric K Bhattarai, Maral Molaei, Harvey C Freetly, Stephanie L Hansen, Helen Yampara-Iquise, Kristen A Johnson, Monty S Kerley, JaeWoo Kim, Daniel D Loy, Elisa Marques, Holly L Neibergs, Robert D Schnabel, Daniel W Shike, Matthew L Spangler, Robert L Weaber, Dorian J Garrick, Jeremy F Taylor
BACKGROUND: Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays for domestic cattle have catalyzed the identification of genetic markers associated with complex traits for inclusion in modern breeding and selection programs. Using actual and imputed Illumina 778K genotypes for 3887 U.S. beef cattle from 3 populations (Angus, Hereford, SimAngus), we performed genome-wide association analyses for feed efficiency and growth traits including average daily gain (ADG), dry matter intake (DMI), mid-test metabolic weight (MMWT), and residual feed intake (RFI), with marker-based heritability estimates produced for all traits and populations...
May 18, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520812/the-effect-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-osseous-healing-in-dogs-undergoing-high-tibial-osteotomy
#15
Samuel P Franklin, Emily E Burke, Shannon P Holmes
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether platelet-rich plasma (PRP) enhances osseous healing in conjunction with a high tibial osteotomy in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Sixty-four client-owned pet dogs with naturally occurring rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament and that were to be treated with a high tibial osteotomy (tibial plateau leveling osteotomy) were randomized into the treatment or control group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512779/structure-of-protein-emulsion-in-food-impacts-intestinal-microbiota-caecal-luminal-content-composition-and-distal-intestine-characteristics-in-rats
#16
Martin Beaumont, Daphné Jaoui, Véronique Douard, Damien Mat, Fanny Koeth, Bénédicte Goustard, Camille Mayeur, Stanislas Mondot, Anais Hovaghimian, Steven Le Feunteun, Catherine Chaumontet, Anne-Marie Davila, Daniel Tomé, Isabelle Souchon, Camille Michon, Gilles Fromentin, François Blachier, Marion Leclerc
SCOPE: Few studies have evaluated in vivo the impact of food structure on digestion, absorption of nutrients and on microbiota composition and metabolism. In this study we evaluated in rat the impact of two structures of protein emulsion in food on gut microbiota, luminal content composition, and intestinal characteristics. METHODS AND RESULTS: Rats received for 3 weeks two diets of identical composition but based on lipid-protein matrices of liquid fine (LFE) or gelled coarse (GCE) emulsion...
May 17, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501993/antibody-validation-by-western-blotting
#17
Michele Signore, Valeria Manganelli, Alex Hodge
Validation of antibodies is an integral part of translational research, particularly for biomarker discovery. Assaying the specificity of the reagent (antibody) and confirming the identity of the protein biomarker is of critical importance prior to implementing any biomarker in clinical studies, and the lack of such quality control tests may result in unexpected and/or misleading results.Antibody validation is the procedure in which a single antibody is thoroughly assayed for sensitivity and specificity. Although a plethora of commercial antibodies exist, antibody specificity must be extensively demonstrated using diverse complex biological samples, rather than purified recombinant proteins, prior to use in clinical translational research...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496399/the-effect-of-wealth-shocks-on-loss-aversion-behavior-and-neural-correlates
#18
V S Chandrasekhar Pammi, Sergio Ruiz, Sangkyun Lee, Charles N Noussair, Ranganatha Sitaram
Kahneman and Tversky (1979) first demonstrated that when individuals decide whether or not to accept a gamble, potential losses receive more weight than possible gains in the decision. This phenomenon is referred to as loss aversion. We investigated how loss aversion in risky financial decisions is influenced by sudden changes to wealth, employing both behavioral and neurobiological measures. We implemented an fMRI experimental paradigm, based on that employed by Tom et al. (2007). There are two treatments, called RANDOM and CONTINGENT...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495312/considerations-of-critical-quality-attributes-in-the-analytical-comparability-assessment-of-biosimilar-products
#19
Ohseok Kwon, Jeewon Joung, Younjoo Park, Chan Wha Kim, Seung Hwa Hong
Based on experience in clinical trial approvals and marketing authorizations for biosimilar products in Korea, we suggest principles for the analytical comparability assessment of biosimilar products with respect to regulatory considerations. The composition and manufacturing processes of biosimilar products can differ from those of the reference product depending on the information available for the reference product and the time of product development; however, the analytical characteristics of biosimilar products should be highly similar to those of the reference product...
May 8, 2017: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494125/harassment-and-mental-distress-among-adolescent-female-students-by-sexual-identity-and-bmi-or-perceived-weight-status
#20
Michelle Marie Johns, Richard Lowry, Zewditu Demissie, Leah Robin
OBJECTIVE: Sexual minority girls (lesbian/bisexual) and girls with overweight/obesity experience high rates of discrimination and mental distress. This study explored whether BMI or perceived weight status might compound sexual minority girls' risk for harassment and mental distress. METHODS: Data on female students from the national 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (n = 7,006) were analyzed. Logistic regression was used to examine differences in bullying, harassment, and mental distress across sexual identity/BMI groups: heterosexual/normal-weight, heterosexual/overweight, sexual minority/normal-weight, and sexual minority/overweight...
May 11, 2017: Obesity
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