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Gastro oesophageal reflux disease

T H Taft, J R Triggs, D A Carlson, L Guadagnoli, K N Tomasino, L Keefer, J E Pandolfino
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal hypervigilance and anxiety can drive symptom experience in chronic oesophageal conditions, including gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, achalasia and functional oesophageal disorders. To date, no validated self-report measure exists to evaluate oesophageal hypervigilance and anxiety. AIMS: This study aims to develop a brief and reliable questionnaire assessing these constructs, the oesophageal hypervigilance and anxiety scale (EHAS). METHODS: Questions for the EHAS were drawn from 4 existing validated measures that assessed hypervigilance and anxiety adapted for the oesophagus...
March 12, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Mototsugu Kato, Noriko Ito, Mamiko Demura, Kimitoshi Kubo, Katsuhiro Mabe, Naohiko Harada
Introduction: The first drug selected for treatment of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and prevention of the recurrence is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI), but recently, a potassium-competitive acid blocker (P-CAB) was put on the market in Japan. Its onset of effect is faster than PPI, and it takes more than 2 days to recover acid secretion after the withdrawal period. Therefore, unlike PPI, the usefulness of every other day administration or discontinuous administration is expected...
2018: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
Friso M Rijnberg, Colin R Butler, Christian Bieli, Sonia Kumar, Reza Nouraei, Joshua Asto, Eimear McKavanagh, Paolo de Coppi, Nagarajan Muthialu, Martin J Elliott, Richard J Hewitt
OBJECTIVES: Our study describes and analyses the results from aortopexy for the treatment of airway malacia in children. METHODS: Demographic data, characteristics and preoperative, operative and outcome details, including the need for reintervention, were collected for children undergoing aortopexy between 2006 and 2016. RESULTS: One hundred patients [median age 8.2 months, interquartile range (IQR) 3.3-26.0 months] underwent aortopexy...
March 5, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Hamid Nisar Khan, Amir Suleman, Raza Ullah, Azmat Abdullah, Shahida Naz
BACKGROUND: There is an association of Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This study was designed to determine the frequency of GERD in COPD patients. METHODS: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in the Pulmonology Unit Ayub Teaching Hospital Abbottabad. Patients more than 40 years of age of both genders presenting with features of COPD such as cough and breathlessness for more than 6 months and confirmed by spirometry were included in the study...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Joachim Labenz, Herbert Koop
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
N Schlueter, B Luka
Erosion is a common phenomenon in the general population of developed countries. However, due to variations in indices, sample sizes and general study designs, it is difficult to compare the various studies and to estimate actual global prevalence. Therefore, the aim of this present paper is to give a narrative overview on the data available on the global prevalence of erosion. Information on prevalence is not available from each country; in particular, data from Asia, Africa, South America, North America and large parts of South-Eastern Europe are unavailable...
March 2, 2018: British Dental Journal
R Moazzez, R Austin
There are many reasons why it is vital that dental professionals identify signs and symptoms that suggest that an individual's erosive tooth wear (ETW) may be linked to a broader medical problem than just poor diet. Primarily, spotting an underlying medical cause for ETW increases the likelihood that further deterioration in the individual's oral health will be prevented. However, perhaps more importantly, many of the medical conditions which are commonly related to ETW can have serious and even possibly fatal consequences if left untreated or not diagnosed...
March 2, 2018: British Dental Journal
Nele Brusselaers, Lars Engstrand, Jesper Lagergren
BACKGROUND: The association of long-term use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) with oesophageal adenocarcinoma has been poorly defined. Our aim was to assess the risk of oesophageal cancer assessing confounding by indication. METHODS: This population-based cohort study included all 796,492 adults exposed to maintenance therapy with PPIs in Sweden in 2005-2012. Standardised incidence ratios (SIRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to assess the risk of oesophageal adenocarcinoma (and squamous cell carcinoma as a comparison) among long-term PPI users relative to the corresponding background population...
February 21, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
Jane C Bell, Francisco J Schneuer, Christopher Harrison, Lyndal Trevena, Harriet Hiscock, Adam G Elshaug, Natasha Nassar
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnosis and management of reflux and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) in infants aged <1 year presenting to general practitioners (GPs). DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A nationally representative, prospective, cross-sectional survey of GP activity in Australia, 2006-2016 (Bettering the Evaluation And Care of Health Study). Annually, a random sample of around 1000 GPs recorded details for 100 consecutive visits with consenting, unidentified patients...
February 22, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
E B Hunt, A Sullivan, J Galvin, J MacSharry, D M Murphy
Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux (GOR) has been associated with chronic airway diseases while the passage of foreign matter into airways and lungs through aspiration has the potential to initiate a wide spectrum of pulmonary disorders. The clinical syndrome resulting from such aspiration will depend both on the quantity and nature of the aspirate as well as the individual host response. Aspiration of gastric fluids may cause damage to airway epithelium, not only because acidity is toxic to bronchial epithelial cells but also due to the effect of digestive enzymes such as pepsin and bile salts...
2018: Open Respiratory Medicine Journal
Hannah Grace Dahlen, Jann P Foster, Kim Psaila, Kaye Spence, Nadia Badawi, Cathrine Fowler, Virginia Schmied, Charlene Thornton
BACKGROUND: Gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) is common in infants. When the condition causes pathological symptoms and/or complications it is considered gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD). It appears to be increasingly diagnosed and causes great distress in the first year of infancy. In New South Wales (NSW), residential parenting services support families with early parenting difficulties. These services report a large number of babies admitted with a label of GOR/GORD. The aim of this study was to explore the maternal and infant characteristics, obstetric interventions, and reasons for clinical reporting of GOR/GORD in NSW in the first 12 months following birth (2000-2011)...
February 12, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Geltrude Mingrone, Stefan Bornstein, Carel W Le Roux
Bariatric surgery has many benefits beyond weight loss, including improved control of glycaemia, blood pressure, and dyslipidaemia; hence, such surgery has been rebranded as metabolic surgery. The operations are, unfortunately, also associated with major surgical and medical complications. The medical complications include gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, malnutrition, and metabolic complications deriving from vitamin and mineral malabsorption. The benefits of surgery can be optimised by implementing specific protocols before and after surgery...
January 29, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
Y Choksi, J C Slaughter, R Sharda, T Higginbotham, P Lal, M F Vaezi
BACKGROUND: Symptom association probability (SAP) is thought to distinguish reflux hypersensitivity from functional disorders. A diagnosis of hypersensitive oesophagus (SAP-positive) indicates that gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the cause of continued symptoms. AIM: To conduct an analysis of pH and symptom criteria that lead to a diagnosis of SAP-positivity METHODS: We calculated SAP for 205 patients with GERD symptoms refractory to proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy who underwent endoscopy with wireless pH monitoring from 2007 to 2014...
January 26, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Thomas R Palser, Adam Ceney, Alex Navarro, Simon Swift, David J Bowrey, Ian J Beckingham
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery (LARS) remains central to the management of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease but the scale and variation in provision in England is unknown. The aims of this study were firstly to examine the processes and outcomes of anti-reflux surgery in England and compare them to national guidelines and secondly to explore potential variations in practice nationally and establish peer benchmarks. METHODS: All adult patients who underwent LARSin England during the Financial years FY 2011/2012-FY 2016/2017 were identified in the Surgeon's Workload Outcomes and Research Database (SWORD), which is based on the Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) data warehouse...
January 24, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
D Prakash, B Campbell, S Wajed
Introduction Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is a common, chronic debilitating condition. Surgical management traditionally involves fundoplication. Magnetic sphincter augmentation (MSA) is a new definitive treatment. We describe our experience of introducing this innovative therapy into NHS practice and report the early clinical outcomes. Methods MSA was introduced into NHS practice following successful acceptance of a cost-effective business plan and close observation of National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommendations for new procedures, including a carefully planned prospective data collection over a two-year follow-up period...
January 24, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Kristen Capel, Richard Dee Shih
A previously healthy 55-year-old woman presented with worsening dyspnoea on exertion. The patient lived at altitude, did not smoke and had no exposure to occupational or environmental toxins. Her physical examination, including pulmonary, was unremarkable. Pulmonary function tests showed forced expiratory volume in 1 s/forced vital capacity ratio 74% predicted, diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) 92% predicted and residual volume 213% predicted. Rheumatological workup was negative. Chest radiograph showed hyperinflation without consolidation, and high-resolution chest CT showed mosaic attenuation with air trapping on expiratory imaging...
December 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Eivind Ness-Jensen, Jesper Lagergren
Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) develops when reflux of gastric content causes troublesome symptoms or complications. The main symptoms are heartburn and acid regurgitation and complications include oesophagitis, strictures, Barrett's oesophagus and oesophageal adenocarcinoma. In addition to hereditary influence, GORD is associated with lifestyle factors, mainly obesity. Tobacco smoking is regarded as an aetiological factor of GORD, while alcohol consumption is considered a triggering factor of reflux episodes and not a causal factor...
October 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
C Broers, J Tack, A Pauwels
BACKGROUND: When gastro-oesophageal reflux is causing symptoms or lesions in the oesophagus, this is referred to as gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD). GERD can manifest itself through typical symptoms (heartburn, regurgitation) or may lead to extra-oesophageal symptoms. Extra-oesophageal manifestations of GERD gained increasing attention over the last decade, especially respiratory disorders, because of the prevalent co-occurrence with GERD. The role of GERD in the pathogenesis of respiratory disorders has become a topic of intense discussion...
January 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Mpho Kgomo, Taole R Mokoena, James A Ker
Introduction: Squamous cell carcinoma of the oesophagus is a common cancer among South Africans. Due to the absence of effective screening and surveillance programme for early detection and late presentation, squamous cell carcinoma of the oesophagus is usually diagnosed at an advanced stage or when metastasis has already occurred. The 5-year survival is often quoted at 5%-10%, which is poor. Objectives: To determine the association between oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and non-acid gastro-oesophageal reflux disease...
2017: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
K Zelenik, I M Kajzrlikova, P Vitek, O Urban, M Hanousek, P Kominek
The objective of the present study was to determine if there is correlation between signs of reflux laryngitis (RL) and reflux oesophagitis (RE) in patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) symptoms. Laryngeal photography obtained from patients during oesophagogastroduodenoscopy were examined by two otolaryngologists experienced in the field of extra-oesophageal reflux regarding the presence and severity of RL. The presence of RE was evaluated by gastroenterologist. Smokers, heavy drinkers and patients with bronchial asthma were excluded from the statistical analysis...
October 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
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