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Gastro oesophageal reflux disease

C Mantegazza, F Angiero, G V Zuccotti
Alterations of the oral cavity are common in children: 22% of children aged less than 4 years and 44% of those aged more than 12 develop dental erosion, 9-95% of children in Europe and in North America develop gingivitis, with adolescents showing a prevalence of more than 60% [Italian Ministry of Health, Guidelines 2013]. Alterations within the oral cavity can be the first sign of systemic diseases and may thus allow for an early diagnosis and treatment. In particular, being the oral cavity a part of the gastrointestinal system, oral alterations can be an expression of a gastrointestinal disease...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Naghmeh Radhakrishna, Tunn Ren Tay, Fiona Hore-Lacy, Robert Stirling, R Hoy, Eli Dabscheck, Mark Hew
Objective Multiple extra-pulmonary comorbidities contribute to difficult asthma, but their diagnosis can be challenging and time consuming. Previous data on comorbidity detection have focused on clinical assessment, which may miss certain conditions. We aimed to locate relevant validated screening questionnaires to identify extra-pulmonary comorbidities that contribute to difficult asthma, and evaluate their performance during a difficult asthma evaluation. Methods MEDLINE was searched to identify key extra-pulmonary comorbidities that contribute to difficult asthma...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Alex De Leon
At present, elderly individuals represent approximately 18,5% of the European population and account for about 23% of surgical procedures performed. This patient population is at a higher riskì for perioperative complications and adverse postoperative outcome. This narrative review highlights our current knowledge about physiological changes in the aging gut and the implications for anaesthesiologists. The reduced response to stimuli in the pharynx, and reduction of the cough reflex that occurs in many older individuals, probably explains the increased incidence of aspiration pneumonia that occurs in the elderly...
September 15, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
Luis Furuya-Kanamori, Archie C A Clements, Niki F Foster, Charlotte A Huber, Stacey Hong, Tiffany Harris-Brown, Laith Yakob, David L Paterson, Thomas V Riley
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors for asymptomatic toxigenic (TCD) and non-toxigenic C. difficile (NTCD)-colonisation in a broad cross-section of the general hospital population over a 3-year period. METHODS: Patients without diarrhoea admitted to two Australian tertiary hospitals were randomly selected through six repeated cross-sectional surveys conducted between 2012 and 2014. Stool specimens were cultured under anaerobic conditions and C...
September 8, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Rob Lee, Amin Aminian, Paul Brunton
There is a potential for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) to be under diagnosed by physicians. A quick, focused examination, requiring no special equipment, of a patients' dentition can assist in making a more accurate diagnosis where GORD is suspected. Guidance is provided for physicians as to what intra-oral signs are suggestive of intrinsic dental erosion, which is a clinical feature of GORD and its associated conditions. Use of this information will it is suggested improve outcomes for patients where GORD is suspected...
September 8, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
Christopher S King, Steven D Nathan
Despite the development of pharmacological therapies that are effective in slowing the progression of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), it remains a debilitating and lethal condition. In addition to the adverse effects caused by pulmonary fibrosis, most patients with IPF have associated comorbid conditions, which might negatively affect functional status, quality of life, and survival. Comorbid conditions can be pulmonary or extrapulmonary. Pulmonary comorbidities include pulmonary hypertension, emphysema, and lung cancer, while non-pulmonary conditions include venous thromboembolism, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, sleep-disordered breathing, gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, and anxiety or depression...
September 2, 2016: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
Birgitte-Elise G Emken, Lars R Lundell, Lene Wallin, Helge E Myrvold, Cecilia Engström, Madeleine Montgomery, Anders R Malm, Tore Lind, Jan G Hatlebakk
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of anti-reflux surgery (ARS) versus proton pump inhibitor therapy on lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS) function and oesophageal acid exposure in patients with chronic gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) over a decade of follow-up. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this randomised, prospective, multicentre study we compared LOS pressure profiles, as well as oesophageal exposure to acid, at baseline and at 1 and 10 years after randomisation to either open ARS (n = 137) or long-term treatment with omeprazole (OME) 20-60 mg daily (n = 108)...
September 3, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Shane P Duggan, Fiona M Behan, Murat Kirca, Abdul Zaheer, Sarah A McGarrigle, John V Reynolds, Gisela M F Vaz, Mathias O Senge, Dermot Kelleher
Barrett's oesophagus (BO), an intestinal-type metaplasia (IM), typically arising in conjunction with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, is a prominent risk factor for the development of oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC). The molecular similarities between IM and normal intestinal tissues are ill-defined. Consequently, the contribution of intestine-enriched factors expressed within BO to oncogenesis is unclear. Herein, using transcriptomics we define the intestine-enriched genes expressed in meta-profiles of BO and OAC...
2016: Scientific Reports
S D Pointer, J Rickstrew, J C Slaughter, M F Vaezi, H J Silver
BACKGROUND: Although obesity rates are higher in African-American than European-American women, gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and its comorbidities are more prevalent in European-American women. A common denominator for increased adiposity, and consequent insulin resistance, is excess dietary macronutrient intake - which may promote greater prevalence and severity of GERD in women. AIM: To investigate whether GERD is more robustly associated with dietary carbohydrate intake, particularly dietary simple carbohydrate intake, and insulin resistance in European-American women...
November 2016: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Christine Royston, Christine Caygill, Andre Charlett, Karna Dev Bardhan
INTRODUCTION: We present the long-term outcome of Barrett's oesophagus (BO) at a District General Hospital set against the increasing numbers of patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD). METHODS: Data were collected prospectively over 37 years. Comparison of GORD without Barrett's (NoBO) versus BO was performed from 1/1/1977 to 31/12/2001 when the NoBO database closed and outcomes of all cases of BO diagnosed until 31/12/2011 and followed up until 31/12/2013 have been reported...
August 26, 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
A Patel, D Wang, N Sainani, G S Sayuk, C P Gyawali
BACKGROUND: Mean nocturnal baseline impedance (MNBI), a novel pH-impedance metric, may be a surrogate marker of reflux burden. AIM: To assess the predictive value of MNBI on symptomatic outcomes after anti-reflux therapy. METHODS: In this prospective observational cohort study, pH-impedance studies performed over a 5-year period were reviewed. Baseline impedance was extracted from six channels at three stable nocturnal 10-min time periods, and averaged to yield MNBI...
October 2016: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Zhang Peng, Tian Jing, Jing Li, Wang Quan, Tian Jinhui, Lun Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Available evidence showed inconsistent results between laparoscopic Nissen's fundoplication (LNF) and open Nissen's fundoplication (ONF) for children with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD), so this study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety between LNF and ONF. METHODS: Systematic, comprehensive literature searches were conducted to include randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared LNF and ONF for GERD. Two reviewers independently selected studies, abstracted data and assessed the methodological quality and evidence level...
August 20, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Steven McVea, Thomas Bourke
One third of all preschool children will have an episode of wheeze and many of these present to primary care. Most will fall within a spectrum of diagnosis ranging from episodic viral wheeze to multiple trigger wheeze or early onset asthma. A small proportion will have other rare, but important, diagnoses such as foreign body aspiration, anaphylaxis, gastro-oesophageal reflux, congenital anatomical abnormalities or other chronic lung diseases. Clinical assessment should try to classify children into either episodic viral wheeze or multiple trigger wheeze phenotypes...
June 2016: Practitioner
Ganesh Raghu, Ellen Morrow, Bridget F Collins, Lawrence A T Ho, Marcelo W Hinojosa, Jennifer M Hayes, Carolyn A Spada, Brant Oelschlager, Chenxiang Li, Eric Yow, Kevin J Anstrom, Dylan Mart, Keliang Xiao, Carlos A Pellegrini
We sought to assess whether laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery (LARS) is associated with decreased rates of disease progression in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF).The study was a retrospective single-centre study of IPF patients with worsening symptoms and pulmonary function despite antacid treatment for abnormal acid gastro-oesophageal reflux. The period of exposure to LARS was September 1998 to December 2012. The primary end-point was a longitudinal change in forced vital capacity (FVC) % predicted in the pre- versus post-surgery periods...
September 2016: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Paul R Burton, Geraldine J Ooi, Cheryl Laurie, Kalai Shaw, Paul E O'Brien, Andrew Smith, Peter D Nottle, Wendy A Brown
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal cancer following bariatric surgery adds significant complexity to an already challenging disease. There is limited data on the diagnosis, presentation and management in these complex cases. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study on prospectively collected data over 10 years was conducted. The oesophago-gastric cancer database was searched for patients with prior bariatric surgery. Data were retrieved on bariatric and cancer management. RESULTS: We identified nine patients with oesophageal or gastro-oesophageal junction adenocarcinoma after bariatric surgery...
October 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Nadeem O Kaakoush, Margaret J Morris
The influence of diets rich in saturated fats and simple sugars on the intestinal microbiota plays a central role in obesity. Being overweight or obese predisposes individuals to several diseases including oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC), which develops through a cascade of events starting with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, progressing to Barrett's oesophagus (BO), and then OAC. A range of mechanisms for the increased risk of OAC in obese individuals have been proposed; however, a role for the oesophageal microbiota has been largely ignored...
October 2016: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Anne-Laure Mallet, Alain Ropert, Guillaume Bouguen, Laurent Siproudhis, Dominique Boutroux, Jean-François Bretagne, Charlène Brochard
BACKGROUND: An association between acid gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and Jackhammer oesophagus has been suggested. AIM: To assess the prevalence and characteristics of acid-GERD in Jackhammer oesophagus and the efficacy of proton pump inhibitors. METHODS: Data and outcomes of patients with Jackhammer oesophagus were assessed. Two groups were compared: (i) GERD, defined by endoscopic oesophagitis or by an increase in acid exposure time or by an acid-hypersensitive oesophagus and (ii) non-GERD defined by normal oesophageal acid exposure without acid-hypersensitive oesophagus...
October 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
Mimi Chiu, Alexander Dillon, Stephanie Watson
AIM: We aim (i) to characterise the clinical features of vitamin A deficiency (VAD) in a small cohort of Australian children; (ii) to determine the effects of VAD; and (iii) to quantify the prevalence of ophthalmic review in this group. METHODS: Data collected from the charts incorporated patient demographics, laboratory results, past medical history, ophthalmic symptoms and dietary history. Outcome measures were (i) occurrence of VAD in our study population; (ii) presence of associated systemic effects and ocular manifestations in those diagnosed with VAD; and (iii) determination of whether children with VAD had an ophthalmology review...
July 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Valentina Gehlot, Shweta Mahant, Asish Kumar Mukhopadhyay, Kunal Das, Ronita De, Premashis Kar, Rajashree Das
Helicobacter pylori-related gastroduodenal diseases are very common in India. Antibiotic resistance to commonly used antibiotics against H. pylori is increasing very rapidly. The aim of this study was to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of H. pylori strains from India against commonly used antibiotics in H. pylori treatment. Helicobacter pylori were cultured from 68 patients suffering from various gastroduodenal diseases in North India. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) to different antibiotics were determined by agar dilution...
June 2016: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
D L Amarasiri, A Pathmeswaran, A S Dassanayake, A P de Silva, M D Adikari, P A Sanjeewa, A Jayaratne, H J de Silva
INTRODUCTION: Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is the pathological reflux of gastric contents into the oesophagus. The oesophagus and the upper respiratory tract have a common origin from the foregut. There is increasing evidence for multiple associations of GORD with the upper respiratory tract. OBJECTIVES: To study the presence of and association of upper respiratory symptoms (URS) with GORD. METHODS: Seventy adults scoring ≥12...
June 2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
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