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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734168/effect-of-neurodynamic-mobilization-on-fluid-dispersion-in-median-nerve-at-the-level-of-the-carpal-tunnel-a-cadaveric-study
#1
M Boudier-Revéret, K K Gilbert, D R Allégue, M Moussadyk, J M Brismée, P S Sizer, V Feipel, P M Dugailly, S Sobczak
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of neurodynamics mobilization (NDM) on an artificially induced edema in the median nerve at the level of the carpal tunnel in unembalmed cadavers and to assess whether NDM tensioning techniques (TT) and NDM sliding techniques (SLT) induce similar effects on intraneural fluid dispersion. DESIGN: Fourteen upper extremities of seven unembalmed cadavers were used in this study. A biomimetic solution was injected directly under the epineurium of the median nerve at the level of the proximal transverse carpal ligament...
July 17, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732229/a-novel-approach-to-fabricate-dye-encapsulated-polymeric-micro-and-nanoparticles-by-thin-film-dewetting-technique
#2
Manosree Chatterjee, Abhiram Hens, Kuldeep Mahato, Namita Jaiswal, Nivedita Mahato, Nagahanumaiah, Nripen Chanda
A new method is reported for fabrication of polymeric micro- and nanoparticles from an intermediate patterned surface originated by dewetting of a polymeric thin film. Poly (d, l-lactide-co-glycolide) or PLGA, a biocompatible polymer is used to develop a thin film over a clean glass substrate which dewets spontaneously in the micro-/nano-patterned surface of size range 50nm to 3.5µm. Since another water-soluble polymer, poly vinyl alcohol (PVA) is coated on the same glass substrate before PLGA thin film formation, developed micro-/nano-patterns are easily extracted in water in the form of micro- and nanoparticle mixture of size range 50nm to 3...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731927/injectate-spread-following-anterior-sub-costal-and-posterior-approaches-to-the-quadratus-lumborum-block-a-comparative-cadaveric-study
#3
Hesham Elsharkawy, Kariem El-Boghdadly, Sree Kolli, Wael A S Esa, Sean DeGrande, Loran M Soliman, Richard L Drake
BACKGROUND: The dermatomal level of analgesia achieved with quadratus lumborum blocks varies according to the location of injection. The most commonly used approaches are either at the postero-lateral aspect or anterior to the quadratus lumborum muscle. The aim of the study was to determine whether the site of injection of contrast dye around the quadratus lumborum muscle of cadavers affects the extent and mechanism of dye spread. METHODS: Six fresh human cadavers received either a posterior quadratus lumborum block or an anterior sub-costal quadratus lumborum block on each side...
July 20, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731679/binding-of-bacteria-to-poly-n-isopropylacrylamide-modified-with-vancomycin-comparison-of-behavior-of-linear-and-highly-branched-polymers
#4
Pavintorn Teratanatorn, Richard Hoskins, Thomas Swift, C W Ian Douglas, Joanna Shepherd, Stephen Rimmer
The behavior of a linear copolymer of N-isopropyl acrylamide with pendant vancomycin functionality was compared to an analogous highly branched copolymer with vancomycin functionality at the chain ends. Highly branched poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) modified with vancomycin (HB-PNIPAM-van) was synthesized by functionalization of the HB-PNIPAM, prepared using reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization. Linear PNIPAM with pendant vancomycin functionality (L-PNIPAM-van) was synthesized by functionalization of poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide-co-vinyl benzoic acid)...
July 21, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731676/enabling-efficient-creation-of-long-lived-charge-separation-on-dye-sensitized-nio-photocathodes
#5
Robert J Dillon, Leila Alibabaei, Thomas J Meyer, John M Papanikolas
The hole-injection and recombination photophysics for NiO sensitized with RuP ([Ru(II)(bpy)2(4,4'-(PO3H2)2-bpy)](2+)) are explored. Ultrafast transient absorption (TA) measurements performed with an external electrochemical bias reveal the efficiency for productive hole-injection, i.e. quenching of the dye excited state that results in a detectable charge-separated electron-hole pair, is linearly dependent on the electronic occupation of intragap states in the NiO film. Population of these states via a negative applied potential increases the efficiency from 0% to 100%...
July 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731615/the-prevalence-of-ccr5-%C3%AE-32-mutation-in-a-cohort-of-saudi-stem-cell-donors
#6
M Alarifi, F Al-Amro, A Alalwan, A Al-Turki, H Fakhoury, N Atallah, M Al Muallimi, M Al-Balwi, M ALzahrani, A Alaskar, A Hajeer, D Jawdat
CCR5 is a chemokine receptor that also was found to be used by HIV as a co-receptor for entering target cells. A 32 bp deletion was described in certain people that rendered CCR5 non-functional. The mutant allele CCR5-Δ32 has been shown to prevent HIV infection. In addition, stem cell transplantation with the CCR5-Δ32 homozygous genotype can lead to clearance of HIV infection. In this study, our aim was to investigate the frequency of CCR5-Δ32 mutation in a cohort of stem cell donors from cord blood bank and stem cell donor registry...
July 21, 2017: HLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731356/preparation-of-colloidal-organosilica-spheres-through-spontaneous-emulsification
#7
Casper van der Wel, Rohit K Bhan, Ruben W Verweij, Hans C Frijters, Zhe Gong, Andrew D Hollingsworth, Stefano Sacanna, Daniela J Kraft
Colloidal particles of controlled size are promising building blocks for self-assembly of functional materials. Here, we systematically study a method to synthesize monodisperse, micron-sized spheres from 3-(trimethoxysilyl)propylmethacrylate (TPM) in a bench-top experiment. Their ease of preparation, smoothness, and physical properties provide distinct advantages over other widely employed materials such as silica, polystyrene, and poly(methyl methacrylate). We describe that the spontaneous emulsification of TPM droplets in water is caused by base-catalyzed hydrolysis, self-condensation, and deprotonation of TPM...
July 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731314/desensitization-to-chemical-and-food-sensitivities-by-low-dose-immunotherapy-ascertained-by-provocation-neutralization-is-associated-with-reduced-influx-of-calcium-ions-into-lymphocytes
#8
Basant K Puri, John McLaren Howard, Jean A Monro
Background Food and chemical sensitivities have detrimental effects on health and the quality of life. The natural course of such sensitivities can potentially be altered through various types of allergen-specific immunotherapy, including low-dose immunotherapy. The molecular mechanism by which low-dose immunotherapy causes desensitization has not thus far been elucidated. While resting lymphocytes maintain a low cytosolic calcium ion concentration, antigen receptor signaling results in calcium ion influx, predominantly via store-operated calcium channels...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731118/correction-photoinduced-electron-transfer-across-an-organic-molecular-wall-octa-acid-encapsulated-esipt-dyes-as-electron-donors
#9
Fabiano S Santos, Elamparuthi Ramasamy, V Ramamurthy, Fabiano S Rodembusch
Correction for 'Photoinduced electron transfer across an organic molecular wall: octa acid encapsulated ESIPT dyes as electron donors' by Fabiano S. Santos et al., Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2017, 16, 840-844.
July 21, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731110/a-redox-controlled-electrolyte-for-plasmonic-enhanced-dye-sensitized-solar-cells
#10
Yuqiao Fu, Siu-Pang Ng, Guangyu Qiu, Tak-Fu Hung, Chi-Man Lawrence Wu, Chun-Sing Lee
Plasmonic enhanced dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) with metallic nanostructures suffer from corrosion problems, especially with the presence of the iodine/triiodide redox couple in the electrolyte. Herein, we introduce an alternative approach by compensating the corrosion with a modified liquid electrolyte. In contrast to the existing method of surface preservation for plasmonic nanostructures, the redox-controlled electrolyte (RCE) contains iodoaurate intermediates, i.e. gold(i) diiodide (AuI2(-)) and gold(iii) tetraiodide (AuI4(-)) with optimal concentrations, such that these intermediates are readily reduced to gold nanoparticles during the operation of DSSCs...
July 21, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731107/a-fluorescent-turn-on-nanoprobe-for-simultaneous-visualization-of-dual-targets-involved-in-cell-apoptosis-and-drug-screening-in-living-cells
#11
Xiaolong Zhang, Naishun Liao, Geng Chen, Aixian Zheng, Yongyi Zeng, Xiaolong Liu, Jingfeng Liu
Herein, a novel dual-responsive two-color fluorescent nanoprobe has been designed for the fluorescence activation imaging of cell apoptosis in living cells. The nanoprobe consists of a gold nanoparticle core functionalized with a dense layer of DNA aptamers and peptides, which shows high affinity and specific response to cytochrome c (Cyt c) and caspase-3, respectively. The formation of the aptamer-Cyt c complex and the cleavage of the specific peptide by caspase-3 can liberate the dye labelled aptamers and peptides from the surface of gold nanoparticles, and then recover their fluorescence...
July 21, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731080/a-tumor-targeted-polymer-theranostics-platform-for-positron-emission-tomography-and-fluorescence-imaging
#12
Eva Koziolová, Shreya Goel, Petr Chytil, Olga Janoušková, Todd E Barnhart, Weibo Cai, Tomáš Etrych
Here, we describe a novel polymer platform suitable for efficient diagnostics and potential theranostics based on (89)Zr-labeled N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA)-based copolymer conjugates. A set of polymers differing in molecular weight with either low dispersity or high dispersity were designed and synthesized and their biodistribution in vivo was successfully and precisely observed over 72 h. Moreover, the feasibility of two imaging techniques, fluorescence imaging (FI) and positron emission tomography (PET), was compared using labeled polymer conjugates...
July 21, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731077/high-performance-adsorption-and-separation-of-anionic-dyes-in-water-using-a-chemically-stable-graphene-like-metal-organic-framework
#13
Jun-Jiao Li, Chong-Chen Wang, Hui-Fen Fu, Jing-Rui Cui, Peng Xu, Jie Guo, Jian-Rong Li
A highly stable graphene-like metal-organic framework (BUC-17) was prepared and used as an adsorbent to carry out the adsorption of anionic dyes from simulated wastewater, which exhibited excellent adsorption performance, particularly towards Congo red (CR) up to 4923.7 mg g(-1) at room temperature. It was used to fix a SPE column to conduct rapid separation of anionic dyes from an organic dye matrix. A related mechanism was also proposed.
July 21, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731075/a-simple-supramolecular-assay-for-drug-detection-in-urine
#14
Silvia Sonzini, Jade A McCune, Peter Ravn, Oren A Scherman, Christopher F van der Walle
A supramolecular colorimetric assay utilising the macrocyclic host cucurbit[7]uril (CB[7]) with a commercial dye molecule, neutral red (NR), was evaluated as a novel method for drug detection in urine of a model therapeutic peptide drug Octreotide.
July 21, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730821/efficient-carrier-to-exciton-conversion-in-field-emission-tunnel-diodes-based-on-mis-type-van-der-waals-heterostack
#15
Shunfeng Wang, Junyong Wang, Weijie Zhao, Francesco Giustiniano, Leiqiang Chu, Ivan Verzhbitskiy, Justin Zhou Yong, Goki Eda
We report on efficient carrier-to-exciton conversion and planer electroluminescence from tunnel diodes based on a metal-insulator-semiconductor van der Waals heterostack consisting of few-layer graphene (FLG), hexagonal boron nitride (hBN), and monolayer tungsten disulfide (WS2). These devices exhibit excitonic electroluminescence with extremely low threshold current density of a few pA∙μm-2, which is several orders of magnitude lower compared to the previously reported values for the best planar EL devices...
July 21, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730703/synthesis-structure-and-properties-of-near-infrared-b-phenanthrene-fused-bf2-aza-dipyrromethenes
#16
Jiuen Cui, Wanle Sheng, Qinghua Wu, Changjiang Yu, Erhong Hao, Petia Bobadova-Parvanova, Marie Storer, Abdullah M Asiri, Hadi M Marwani, Lijuan Jiao
A new class of phenanthrene-fused BF2 aza-dipyrromethene (aza-BODIPY) dyes has been synthesized through tandem Suzuki reaction and oxidative ring-fusion reaction or the Palladium catalyzed intramolecular C-H activation reaction. These phenanthrene-fused aza-BODIPY dyes are highly photostable and display markedly red shifted absorption (up to 771 nm) and emission bands (around 800 nm) in the Near-Infrared (NIR) region. Density functional theory (DFT) calculation and cyclic voltammetry studies indicate that upon annulations, the more-pronounced stabilization of the LUMO is the origin of bathochromic shift of the absorption and high photostability...
July 20, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730477/utilizing-the-luminex-magnetic-bead-based-suspension-array-for-rapid-multiplexed-phosphoprotein-quantification
#17
Adam Stewart, Udai Banerji
The study of protein phosphorylation is critical for the advancement of our understanding of cellular responses to external and internal stimuli. Phosphorylation, the addition of phosphate groups, most often occurs on serine, threonine, or tyrosine residues due to the action of protein kinases. This structural change causes the protein to become activated (or deactivated) and enables it in turn to initiate the phosphorylation of other proteins in a cascade, eventually causing cell-wide changes such as apoptosis, cell differentiation, and growth (among others)...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730475/characterization-of-ligand-binding-to-pseudokinases-using-a-thermal-shift-assay
#18
Isabelle S Lucet, James M Murphy
The protocol herein describes a robust and proven method for the measurement of pseudokinase-ligand interaction using a fluorescence-based thermal shift assay (TSA). Pseudokinases are kinase-like proteins that have recently emerged as crucial regulatory modules of signal transduction pathways and may well represent a novel class of drug targets. However, unlike kinases, the regulatory activity of pseudokinases is mainly conferred through protein-protein interactions. Understanding the mechanisms that underlie pseudokinase conformational changes through ligand binding and how such conformational changes can tune signaling pathways is a necessary step to unravel their biological functions...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730399/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-findings-in-susac-s-syndrome-a-case-report
#19
Rodolfo Mastropasqua, Lisa Toto, Alfonso Senatore, Alessandro D'Uffizi, Piergiorgio Neri, Cesare Mariotti, Marica Tina Maccarone, Luca Di Antonio
PURPOSE: To report clinical features of Susac's syndrome (SS) using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 25-year-old Caucasian female with a history of non-pulsatile migraine, tinnitus, and verbal apraxia complaining of peripheral scotoma in left eye due to branch retinal arteriole occlusion (BRAO) was diagnosed as having SS after audiometric test, brain magnetic resonance imaging, and multimodal retinal imaging...
July 20, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730204/electronic-and-charge-transfer-properties-of-bio-inspired-flavylium-ions-for-applications-in-tio2-based-dye-sensitized-solar-cells
#20
Giuseppe Calogero, Ilaria Citro, Gaetano Di Marco, Stefano Caramori, Laura Casarin, Carlo Alberto Bignozzi, João Avó, A Jorge Parola, Fernando Pina
We present here a complete study on four synthetic environmentally friendly flavylium salts employed as sensitizers for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The effect of several donor groups on the molecular structure of flavylium ions was investigated by combining electrochemical, spectroscopic and computational means. The computational investigation indicated that these molecules can interact strongly with the TiO2 surface by a single OH group of the dihydroxybenzene moiety, and can efficiently inject electrons into the TiO2 following the excitation of their lowest singlet states exhibiting charge transfer (CT) character...
July 21, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
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