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K Tolidis, C Boutsiouki, P Gerasimou
AIM: Carbomer cement represents a novel glass-ionomer which gradually mineralises into fluoroapatite. Purpose of this study was to evaluate microleakage around restorations in deciduous teeth made with composite resin, conventional glass-ionomer cement, resin-modified glass-ionomer cement and carbomer/fluoroapatite-enhanced glass-ionomer cement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A group of 40 primary upper canines, primary upper and lower molars was divided into 4 groups (n=10)...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Bhaskar Dudem, Yeong Hwan Ko, Jung Woo Leem, Joo Ho Lim, Jae Su Yu
We report the hierarchical nano/micro architectured (HNMA)-polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film-based hybrid energy cells with multi-functionality to simultaneously harvest mechanical, solar, and wind energies. These films consist of nano/micro dual-scale architectures (i.e., nanonipples on inverted micro pyramidal arrays) on the PDMS surface. The HNMA-PDMS is replicable by a facile and cost-effective soft imprint lithography (SIL) using a nanoporous anodic alumina oxide (AAO) film formed on the micro-pyramidal (MP) structured silicon substrate...
October 19, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Maria Grazia Piccioni, Lucia Riganelli, Valentina Filippi, Eliana Fuggetta, Vanessa Colagiovanni, Ludovica Imperiale, Jlenia Caccetta, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici, Maria Grazia Porpora
PURPOSE: To compare sonohysterosalpingography (sono-HSG) with foam instillation (HyFoSy) versus saline solution (HyCoSy) in the evaluation of tubal patency. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 37 infertile women, scheduled for laparoscopy. The women were randomized into two groups: HyFoSy (group I) and HyCoSy (group II). The patients of both groups underwent laparoscopy with dye test. We assessed the diagnostic performance (sensitivity, specificity, and overall accuracy) of HyFoSy and HyCoSy, compared with laparoscopy and dye test, in the assessment of tubal patency...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Ying Chen, Chao He, Jing-Jun Cheng, Wen-Yao Huang, Sheng-Wen Shao, Ya-Ping Jiang, Ling-Feng Dai, Jia-Fa Liu, Yi Song
This study aimed to conduct measurement uncertainty assessment of a new method for determination of Sudan colorants (Sudan I, II, III and IV) in food by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Samples were extracted with organic solvents (hexane, 20% acetone) and first purified by magnesium trisilicate (2MgO·3SiO2). The Sudan colorants (Sudan I-IV) were also initially separated on C8 by gradient elution using acetonitrile and 0.1% (v/v) formic acid aqueous solution as the mobile phases and detected with diode-array detector (DAD)...
October 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
Guang-Lin Zhang, Sheng Wang, Jin-Le Hou, Chong-Jiao Mo, Chen-Jie Que, Qin-Yu Zhu, Jie Dai
Although a lot of titanium oxo-clusters (TOCs) have been synthesized and characterized, research studies on their application properties are still limited. The work described here is not only aimed at the synthesis and crystal structures of the TOCs, but also aimed at exploration of their potential applications in molecule based fluorescence labelling and photocatalysis. Three heterometallic TOC compounds with lanthanide (Ln) elements Sm(iii) (1), Eu(iii) (2) and Gd(iii) (3) are prepared and their cluster structures are characterized as LnTi11 cages...
October 18, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Teng-Fei Lu, Wei Li, Jie Chen, Fu-Quan Bai, Jian Wang, Ling-Jun He, Hong-Xing Zhang
In this work, we designed three dyes (Ru1, Ru2, and Ru3) by modifying the square-planar quadridentate ligand of the experimental Ru(ii) complex K1, [RuL(trans-NCS)2] with L = dimethyl-6,60-bis(methyl-2-pyridylamino)-2,20-bipyridine-4,40-dicarboxylate, from a theoretical viewpoint. As is known, K1 shows obvious advantages over the famous dye N749 in light absorption ability because of its highly conjugated ancillary ligands. Density functional theory and time-dependent density functional theory methods were used to determine the geometrical structures, electronic structures and absorption spectra of the dye complexes...
October 18, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Daniel Corrigan, Christiana Prucnal, Christopher Kabrhel
The diagnosis or exclusion of pulmonary embolism (PE) remains challenging for emergency physicians. Symptoms can be vague or non-existent, and the clinical presentation shares features with many other common diagnoses. Diagnostic testing is complicated, as biomarkers, like the D-dimer, are frequently false positive, and imaging, like computed tomography pulmonary angiography, carries risks of radiation and contrast dye exposure. It is therefore incumbent on emergency physicians to be both vigilant and thoughtful about this diagnosis...
September 2016: Clin Exp Emerg Med
Julien Pichette, Audrey Laurence, Leticia Angulo, Frederic Lesage, Alain Bouthillier, Dang Khoa Nguyen, Frederic Leblond
Using light, we are able to visualize the hemodynamic behavior of the brain to better understand neurovascular coupling and cerebral metabolism. In vivo optical imaging of tissue using endogenous chromophores necessitates spectroscopic detection to ensure molecular specificity as well as sufficiently high imaging speed and signal-to-noise ratio, to allow dynamic physiological changes to be captured, isolated, and used as surrogate of pathophysiological processes. An optical imaging system is introduced using a 16-bands on-chip hyperspectral camera...
October 2016: Neurophotonics
Kaname Uno, Katsunori Iijima, Yasuhiko Abe, Tomoyuki Koike, Yasushi Takahashi, Nobuyuki Ara, Tooru Shimosegawa
PURPOSE: Endoscopic diagnosis of gastric cancer (GC) that emerges after eradication of Helicobacter pylori may be affected by unique morphological changes. Using comprehensive endoscopic imaging, which can reveal biological alterations in gastric mucosa after eradication, previous studies demonstrated that Congo red chromoendoscopy (CRE) might clearly show an acid non-secretory area (ANA) with malignant potential, while autofluorescence imaging (AFI) without drug injection or dyeing may achieve early detection or prediction of GC...
September 2016: Journal of Gastric Cancer
Zi-Qiang Bao, Ting-Ting Liao, Wei-Rong Yang, Yi Wang, Hong-Yan Luo, Xian-Zhong Wang
This study aimed to determine whether heat stress (HS) could induce autophagy in immature boar Sertoli cells (SCs) and test whether HS-induced autophagy could regulate lactate secretion by SCs. Cultured immature boar SCs were incubated at 43 °C for 30 minutes. The ratio of LC3B-II to LC3B-I and the mRNA transcript levels of LC3B showed time-dependent changes 0 to 48 hours after HS treatment, which peaked at 24 hours and increased by 30.25% or 260%, respectively, compared with control SCs. The density of autolysosomes, which were labeled with a red dye, was higher at 24 hours than at any other time point...
September 15, 2016: Theriogenology
Sakine Işik, Sule Caglayan-Sözmen, Özden Anal, Özkan Karaman, Nevin Uzuner
Allergic contact reactions to hair dyes arise mostly due to sensitization to para-phenylenediamine (PPD). Para-phenylenediamine, a derivative of p-nitroanaline, is widely used as an oxydizable hair dye and is also found in black henna tattoo. Subsequent exposure to PPD may lead to delayed type IV hypersensitivity reaction manifesting as acute contact dermatitis. Here, a 15-year-old girl is presented, who developed a hypersensitivity reaction after first exposure to hair dye. She was found to have been sensitized to PPD before, through application of black henna tatto...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Ramesh Venkatesh, Prachi Gurav, Prachi A Dave
PURPOSE: To report a case of choroidal neovascular membrane after vitreoretinal surgery in a patient with macular hole-induced retinal detachment. METHODS: Retrospective observational case report. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 64-year-old lady presented with sudden drop in vision in the right eye since 20 days. Her best-corrected visual acuity was 6/36 in the right eye and 6/18 in the left eye. She was diagnosed with retinal detachment with a macular hole in the right eye...
October 3, 2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Won Ki Lee, Jiwon Baek, Kunal K Dansingani, Jae Hyung Lee, K Bailey Freund
PURPOSE: To subsegment the choroid in patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy and to determine whether the ratio of choriocapillaris/Sattler layer thickness to total choroidal thickness is decreased at sites of polypoidal pathology. METHODS: Retrospective, observational, cross-sectional study. A total of 320 eyes of 305 patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy were studied with optical coherence tomography and dye angiography. The ratio of choriocapillaris/Sattler layer thickness to total choroidal thickness was calculated at polypoidal lesion sites in eyes with subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) ≤200 μm...
October 3, 2016: Retina
Elisa Tardelli, Sara Mazzarri, Domenico Rubello, Marta Gennaro, Lorenzo Fantechi, Valerio Duce, Antonella Romanini, Sotirios Chondrogiannis, Duccio Volterrani, Patrick M Colletti, Gianpiero Manca
Melanoma is an important public health problem, and its incidence is increasing worldwide. The disease status of regional lymph nodes is the most important prognostic factor in early-stage melanoma patients. Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) was introduced in the early 1990s as a less invasive procedure than complete lymph node dissection to allow histopathologic evaluation of the "sentinel lymph node" (SLN), which is the first node along the lymphatic pathway from a primary tumor. Sentinel lymph node biopsy has minimal complication risks compared with standard complete lymph node dissection...
October 5, 2016: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
S P Flynn, S M Kelleher, J N Acorn, D Kurzbuch, S Daniels, C McDonagh, E Clancy, T J Smith, R Nooney
Herein we report the use of high brightness Cyanine5-doped silica nanoparticles (NPs) for the detection of antibodies or DNA in microarray bioassays. NP labels showed negligible non-specific binding, greater sensitivity and lower limits of detection when compared to free dye-labelled biomolecules. Moreover, the spotted microarrays used in this study required low NP and antibody concentrations to generate large data sets with improved statistical accuracy. These NPs have significant potential for use in biosensing for disease detection...
October 17, 2016: Nanotechnology
Yasemin Saygili, Magnus Söderberg, Norman Pellet, Fabrizio Giordano, Yiming Cao, Ana B Munoz-Garcia, Shaik Mohammed Zakeeruddin, Nick Vlachopoulos, Michele Pavone, Gerrit Boschloo, Ladislav Kavan, Jacques-E Moser, Michael Grätzel, Anders Hagfeldt, Marina Freitag
Redox mediators play a major role determining the photocurrent and the photovoltage in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). To maintain the photocurrent, the reduction of oxidized dye by the redox mediator should be significantly faster than the back electron transfer between TiO2 and the oxidized dye. The driving force for dye regeneration with the redox mediator should be sufficiently low to provide high photovoltages. With our introduction of new copper complexes as promising redox mediators in DSCs both criteria are satisfied to enhance power conversion efficiencies...
October 17, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Tomasz P Lehmann, Wojciech Juzwa, Krystyna Filipiak, Patrycja Sujka-Kordowska, Maciej Zabel, Jakub Głowacki, Maciej Głowacki, Paweł P Jagodziński
DiO and DiD are lipophilic cell labelling dyes used in the staining of cells in vivo and in vitro. The aim of the present study was to quantify the asymmetrical distribution of dyes in co‑cultured cells and to measure the intercellular transfer of DiO and DiD. DiO and DiD were applied separately to stain two identical populations of SW‑1353 human chondrosarcoma cells that were subsequently co‑cultured (homotypic co‑culture). The intercellular migration of dyes in the co‑cultured cells was measured by flow cytometry and recorded under a fluorescent microscope...
October 4, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Christopher Batchelor-McAuley, Christopher A Little, Stanislav V Sokolov, Enno Kätelhön, Giorgia Zampardi, Richard G Compton
The lipid soluble fluorophore Nile Red (9-diethylamino-5-benzo[α]phenoxazinone) is used to fluorescently and electrochemically label an organic-in-water emulsion, where the organic phase is an ionic liquid [P6,6,6,14][FAP]/toluene mixture. The optical detection of the individual droplets is enabled facilitating the in-situ tracking and sizing of the suspended particles (average diameter = 530 nm, interquartile range = 180 nm). Through the use of a combined thin-layer optical/electrochemical cell, the irreversible accumulation of the droplets at an optically opaque carbon fibre electrode (diameter ~ 7...
October 17, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Bas van Bochove, Gerjon Hannink, Pieter Buma, Dirk W Grijpma
Three-armed poly(trimethylene carbonate) macromers with a relatively high molecular weight of 28.9 kg mol(-1) are prepared by ring opening polymerization and subsequent functionalization with methacrylate end groups. A resin suitable for processing by stereolithography is developed using propylene carbonate as a diluent, a photoinitiator, and a dye to control the curing characteristics. The difficulties in building designed structures with digital light processing stereolithography and the ways of optimizing the resin compositions are described in detail...
October 17, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Jongha Lee, Byeongjun Yoo, Hakyong Lee, Gi Doo Cha, Hee-Su Lee, Youngho Cho, Sang Yeon Kim, Hyunseon Seo, Woongchan Lee, Donghee Son, Myungjoo Kang, Hyung Min Kim, Yong Il Park, Taeghwan Hyeon, Dae-Hyeong Kim
Multi-dye-sensitized upconverting nanoparticles (UCNPs), which harvest photons of wide wavelength range (450-975 nm) are designed and synthesized. The UCNPs embedded in photo-acid generating layer are integrated on destructible nonvolatile resistive memory device. Upon illumination of the light, the system permanently erases stored data, achieving enhanced information security.
October 17, 2016: Advanced Materials
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