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Tomer Arbeli, Yakir Liptz, Ravell Bengiat, Michal Levin-Elad
Used Latex gloves found at crime scenes can provide strong evidence against a suspect as they almost certainly contain both the fingermarks and DNA of the perpetrator who had worn them. However, over the years, Latex gloves have proved to be a rather difficult substrate for fingermarks development, with most of the standard techniques producing poor results. In this study, the two main protocols for development on either porous or non-porous surfaces: Ninhydrin-HFE and superglue fuming followed by crystal violet (CV) dyeing, respectively, had been examined on 100 disposable Latex gloves from twenty five donors...
September 28, 2017: Forensic Science International
Golnoush Zamiri, Samira Bagheri
Zero-dimensional graphene quantum dots (GQDs) consist of single- or few-layer graphene with a size less than 20 nm and stand for a new type of QDs with unique properties combining the graphene nature and size-resulted quantum effects. GQDs possess unique optical and electronic properties, and in particular possess a band-gap less than 2.0 eV because of quantum confinement and edge effects. In this study, we investigated the performance of DSSCs using different thicknesses of ZnO nanoparticles as a photo-anode and GQDs as a green photosensitizer...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Ashwini N Kulkarni, Anuprita D Watharkar, Niraj R Rane, Byong-Hun Jeon, Sanjay P Govindwar
Navy Blue HE22 (NBHE22), dye mixture and real textile effluent were decolorized and degraded by lichen Dermatocarpon vellereceum. Up-flow bioreactor showed about 80%, 70%, 80% and 65% removal of American dye manufacturer index (ADMI), biological oxygen demand (BOD), total suspended solids (TSS) and total dissolved solids (TDS), respectively of dye mixture at flow rate of 25mlh(-1). The removal of ADMI, BOD, TSS and TDS of real textile effluent were 75%, 65%, 82% and 70%, respectively at flow rate of 30mlh(-1)...
October 10, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
He Zhang, Gang Xue, Hong Chen, Xiang Li
To solve sludge disposal and management problems during dyeing wastewater treatment, the produced excess biological sludge and ferric sludge were fabricated into a magnetic biochar composite (MBC) under the optimal hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) conditions. With ferric sludge mixing, the generated MBC contained paramagnetic Fe3O4, showed a smaller diameter of approximately 200 nm, a smaller pore size, a larger specific surface area and a higher carbonization degree than BC prepared using a single biological sludge process under the same HTC conditions...
October 4, 2017: Chemosphere
Juan-Carlos Jiménez-Castellanos, Wan Ahmad Kamil Wan Nur Ismah, Yuiko Takebayashi, Jacqueline Findlay, Thamarai Schneiders, Kate J Heesom, Matthew B Avison
Objectives: In Klebsiella pneumoniae, overproduction of RamA results in reduced envelope permeability and reduced antimicrobial susceptibility but clinically relevant resistance is rarely observed. Here we have tested whether RamA overproduction can enhance acquired β-lactam resistance mechanisms in K. pneumoniae and have defined the envelope protein abundance changes upon RamA overproduction during growth in low and high osmolarity media. Methods: Envelope permeability was estimated using a fluorescent dye accumulation assay...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Olugbenga T Okusanya, Nicholas R Hess, James D Luketich, Inderpal S Sarkaria
Thoracic surgery faces many unique challenges that require innovative solutions. The increase in utilization of minimally invasive practices, poor overall cancer survival and significant morbidity of key operations remain key obstacles to overcome. Intraoperative fluorescence imaging is a process by which fluorescent dyes and imaging systems are used as adjuncts for surgeons in the operating room. Other surgical subspecialists have shown that intraoperative fluorescence imaging can be applied as a practical adjunct to their practices...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Nasser Abdulatif Al-Shabib, Javed Masood Khan, Mohammad A Alsenaidy, Abdulrahman M Alsenaidy, Mohd Shahnawaz Khan, Fohad Mabood Husain, Mohammad Rashid Khan, Mohammad Naseem, Priyankar Sen, Parvez Alam, Rizwan Hasan Khan
Amyloid fibrils are playing key role in the pathogenesis of various neurodegenerative diseases. Generally anionic molecules are known to induce amyloid fibril in several proteins. In this work, we have studied the effect of anionic food additive dye i.e., tartrazine (TZ) on the amyloid fibril formation of human serum albumins (HSA) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) at pHs7.4 and 3.5. We have employed various biophysical methods like, turbidity measurements, Rayleigh Light Scattering (RLS), Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS), intrinsic fluorescence, Congo red assay, far-UV CD, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) to decipher the mechanism of TZ-induce amyloid fibril formation in both the serum albumins at pHs7...
September 22, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Yumiko Kanemoto-Kataoka, Keisuke Oyama, Tomohiro M Oyama, Hitoshi Ishibashi, Yasuo Oyama
Ziram, a dithiocarbamate fungicide, protects various vegetables and fruits against infections by fungus. Recently, there have been increasing anxieties about the risks in the use of dithiocarbamate fungicides. Our previous studies showed that Zn(2+) was a determinant of Ziram cytotoxicity. In addition, Zn(2+) is linked to H2O2 cytotoxicity. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to test the hypothesis that Ziram could augment the cytotoxicity of H2O2 by examining the changes induced by Ziram in some cellular parameters in rat thymic lymphocytes subjected to H2O2-induced oxidative stress using flow-cytometric methods with fluorescent dyes...
October 10, 2017: Environmental Research
UnJin Ryu, Jounghyun Yoo, Woosung Kwon, Kyung Min Choi
Challenges exist in taking advantage of dye molecules for reliable and reproducible molecular probes in biomedical applications. In this study, we show how to utilize the dye molecules for bioimaging within protective carriers of nanocrystalline metal-organic frameworks (nMOFs) particles. Specifically, Resorufin and Rhodamine-6G having different molecular sizes were encapsulated within close-fitting pores of nMOF-801 and nUiO-67 particles, respectively. The resulting nanocrystalline particles have high crystallinity, uniform size, and morphology and preserve enhanced photoluminescence properties with exceptional stabilities in biomedical environment...
October 13, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Kamalika Das, Bidhan Hazra, Manabendra Chandra
In this work, we probed the possibility of observing strong plasmon-exciton interactions in hollow gold nanoprism-J-aggregate nanocomposites. Several different hollow gold nanoprisms (HGNs) with different aspect ratios were synthesized. This allowed us to systematically tune the LSPR energies through the exciton energy of the PIC-J-aggregate, which in turn allowed us to have direct determination of the coupling strength of HGN-J-aggregate composites. Hybrid nanosystems were prepared by adsorbing and assembling 1,1'-diethyl-2,2'-cyanine (pseudoisocyanine or PIC) iodide onto the surface of hollow gold nanoprisms...
October 13, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Mitsunori Saito, Takuya Hashimoto, Jumpei Taniguchi
Disk resonators are difficult to create with droplets, since they self-form spheres due to the surface tension. In this study, disk (cylindrical) droplets were created by enclosing a dye (rhodamine 6G) solution in silicone rubber. Lasing actions of these droplets were examined by pulsed green laser excitation. In a large droplet (2 mm diameter), the whispering gallery mode emission was difficult to attain, since it competed with the radial or axial modes that made a round trip in the droplet. A disk droplet of 150 μm diameter exhibited a comb-like spectrum of the whispering gallery mode resonant emission...
October 15, 2017: Optics Letters
Petrina Kapewangolo, Justin J Omolo, Pascaline Fonteh, Martha Kandawa-Schulz, Debra Meyer
Latent HIV reservoirs in infected individuals prevent current treatment from eradicating infection. Treatment strategies against latency involve adjuvants for viral reactivation which exposes viral particles to antiretroviral drugs. In this study, the effect of novel triterpenoids isolated from Ocimum labiatum on HIV-1 expression was measured through HIV-1 p24 antigen capture in the U1 latency model of HIV-1 infection and in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of infected patients on combination antiretroviral therapy (cART)...
October 13, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Domenico Gadaleta, Nicola Porta, Eleni Vrontaki, Serena Manganelli, Alberto Manganaro, Guido Sello, Masamitsu Honma, Emilio Benfenati
Azo dyes have several industrial uses. However, these azo dyes and their degradation products showed mutagenicity, inducing damage in environmental and human systems. Computational methods are proposed as cheap and rapid alternatives to predict the toxicity of azo dyes. A benchmark dataset of Ames data for 354 azo dyes was employed to develop three classification strategies using knowledge-based methods and docking simulations. Results were compared and integrated with three models from the literature, developing a series of consensus strategies...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part C, Environmental Carcinogenesis & Ecotoxicology Reviews
Yu Sun, Tian-Yi Shi, Ling-Yun Zhou, Yu-Yan Zhou, Bai-Wang Sun, Xiao-Ping Liu
Platinum-based drugs are used to treat a variety of cancers but have many side effects such as nephrotoxicity and neurotoxicity. A folate-decorated nanoparticles system with a good drug payload can selectively deliver drugs into folate receptor (FR)-overexpressing cancer cells to prevent the shortcomings of platinum-based chemotherapy. Here, folate-decorated and near-infrared (NIR) laser-activated nanoparticles (abbreviated as Pt(IV)-FINPs) were prepared via ultrasonic self-assembling of platinum(IV) prodrug c,c,t-Pt(NH3)2Cl2(OOCCH2CH2COOH)2, folic acid (FA)-functionalized lipid DSPE-PEG-FA and NIR fluorescent dye indocyanine green (ICG)...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
Yang Fan, Hua-Min Li, Rui-Huan Duan, Hai-Ting Lu, Jun-Tao Cao, Guo-Dong Zou, Qiang-Shan Jing
The metal-to-core charge transfer (MCCT) transition in sensitized titanium-oxo clusters is an important process for photoinduced electron injection in photovoltaic conversion. This process resembles most closely the Type II photoinjection in dye-sensitized solar cells. Herein we report the synthesis and photophysical and photoelectrochemical (PEC) properties of the phosphonate-stabilized titanium-oxo clusters containing the ferrocenecarboxylate ligands. These ferrocene-containing clusters exhibit intense visible absorption extended up to 600 nm along with low optical band gaps of ∼2...
October 13, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Tatiana A Shumilova, Tobias Rüffer, Heinrich Lang, Evgeny A Kataev
A straightforward design of receptors for binding and sensing of sulfate in aqueous medium was developed. The design involves the connection of two naphthalimide-based pH-probes through a hydrogen-bonding motif. The structure of the receptor-sulfate complex, predicted by DFT calculations, was unambiguously confirmed by NMR measurements. There are three major interactions stabilizing the host-guest complex: electrostatic interactions, hydrogen bonding and stacking interactions of the dyes. Study of two control receptors containing either one dye or methyl amide groups instead of amides, revealed that electrostatic and hydrogen bonding interactions contribute the most to affinity and selectivity of receptors...
October 13, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Qun Wang, Jianying Huang, Hongtao Sun, Ke-Qin Zhang, Yuekun Lai
This work presents a novel approach for preparing photocatalysts based on TiO2 nanotube arrays (TiO2 NTAs) anchored with carbon dots (CDs) by a facile two-step method which includes an electrochemical anodization technique followed by electrochemical deposition. The synthesized high quality graphitic carbon dots can act as sensitizers to extend the spectral range of light absorption towards the full solar spectrum. It is confirmed that TiO2 NTAs anchored with CDs (CDs/TiO2 NTAs) display greatly improved photocatalytic activity and excellent photocatalytic stability...
October 13, 2017: Nanoscale
I S Gumenyuk, L M Chuprinenko, A S Sotnichenko, T V Gaivoronskaya, S E Gumenyuk, E A Gubareva, E V Kuevda, V A Krutova, S N Alekseenko
Automated image analysis methods are highly important for biotechnology research. The authors developed and tested a program for the morphometric analysis of photomicrographs of the sections processed using the standard immunohistochemical examination protocols. The color deconvolution method used in the algorithm was proven to be effective in mapping the distribution of DAB chromogen in the sample containing multiple dyes. The experiment demonstrated that the level of extracellular matrix proteins could be comparatively quantified in different groups of samples...
2017: Arkhiv Patologii
Zhongyu You, Yujie Wang, Shiqing Sun, Xiaoxia Liu
Prodigiosin is an important natural red pigment that is produced as a secondary metabolite by microorganisms, and has great potential applications in the field of pharmaceutical development, environmental management and dye preparation. This paper reviews recent research progress in the production of prodigiosin by microbial fermentation, including discovery and modification of the prodigiosin-producing microorganisms, regulation and optimization of prodigiosin fermentation and extraction process, and resolution of biosynthetic pathway of prodigiosin and related transcriptional regulation...
October 25, 2016: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
Alice C Ceacareanu, George K Nimako, Zachary A P Wintrob
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether metformin's cancer-related benefits reported in patients with solid tumors (ST) are also present in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. METHODS: Baseline demographic and clinical history for all diabetes mellitus patients newly diagnosed with AML or cancer of the breast, ovary, prostate, gastrointestinal tract, lung, or kidney at Roswell Park Cancer Institute in Buffalo, NY (January 2003-December 2010, n = 924) was collected. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were assessed by Kaplan-Meier (KM) analysis and Cox proportional hazards regression (hazard ratio [HR])...
July 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
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