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Ischemia stroke

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908420/ticagrelor-versus-clopidogrel-after-fibrinolytic-therapy-in-patients-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-rationale-and-design-of-the-ticagrelor-in-patients-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-treated-with-thrombolysis-treat-trial
#1
Otavio Berwanger, Jose C Nicolau, Antonio C Carvalho, Lixin Jiang, Shaun Goodman, Stephen J Nicholls, Alexander Parkhomenko, Oleg Averkov, Carlos Tajer, Germán Malaga, Jose F Kerr Saraiva, Francisco Fonseca, Helio P Guimaraes, Pedro G M de Barros E Silva, Lucas P Damiani, Denise M Paisani, Camila M R Lasagno, Carolina T Candido, Nanci Valeis, Diogo D F Moia, Leopoldo S Piegas, Christopher B Granger, Harvey White, Renato D Lopes
BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of ticagrelor in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with fibrinolytic therapy remain uncertain. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of the TicagRElor in pAtients with ST elevation myocardial infarction treated with Thrombolysis (TREAT) trial is to evaluate the short-term safety of ticagrelor when compared with clopidogrel in STEMI patients treated with fibrinolytic therapy. Key secondary objectives are to assess the safety and efficacy of ticagrelor compared with clopidogrel at 12-months...
March 3, 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906552/interleukin-33-protects-ischemic-brain-injury-by-regulating-specific-microglial-activities
#2
Qianping Luo, Yong Fan, Lili Lin, Jingjing Wei, Zuanfang Li, Yongkun Li, Susumu Nakae, Wei Lin, Qi Chen
Interleukin-33 (IL-33), a novel member of the IL-1 family, expressed in many tissue and cell types, and is involved in inflammation and immune functions. Previous studies suggest that IL-33 may play a role in ischemic stroke. We tried to investigate the role of IL-33 in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion-induced injury and its underlying mechanism. Our data indicated that IL-33 deficiency exacerbated the neurological dysfunction caused by cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in mice and led to the formation of larger cerebral infarct volume as shown by 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining and magnetic resonance imaging...
June 12, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906509/photothrombotically-induced-unilateral-selective-hippocampal-ischemia-in-rat
#3
Sayed Masoud Hosseini, Hamid Gholami Pourbadie, Nima Naderi, Mohammad Sayyah, Mohammad Ismail Zibaii
INTRODUCTION: The vulnerability of hippocampal formation to ischemic insult has been documented in both humans and animal models. Ischemic injury induction through photothrombosis is an invasive and reproducible model of ischemic stroke which provides the ability to induce ischemia selectively in any desired area. In this study, we describe a method to induce selective unilateral hippocampal ischemia in rat through modified photothrombotic model. METHODS: Male wistar rats (n = 66) were subjected to stereotaxic surgery to insert a guide cannula just above the ascending part of hippocampal fissure...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904091/naloxone-attenuates-ischemic-brain-injury-in-rats-through-suppressing-the-nik-ikk%C3%AE-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-neuronal-apoptotic-pathways
#4
Xuan Wang, Zu-Jun Sun, Jun-Lu Wu, Wen-Qiang Quan, Wei-Dong Xiao, Helen Chew, Cui-Min Jiang, Dong Li
Although naloxone has been documented to exert neuroprotection in animal model of cerebral ischemia, the mechanism is not well understood. In this present study we investigated whether naloxone affected the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway in ischemic brain injury of rats. SD rats were subjected to a permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion surgery, and received naloxone (0.5, 1, 2 mg/kg, i.v.) immediately after ischemia. Neurological deficits were evaluated 24 h after ischemia using the McGraw Stroke Index, and then the rats were killed, and the brains were collected for further analyses...
June 14, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903733/t-cells-prevent-hemorrhagic-transformation-in-ischemic-stroke-by-p-selectin-binding
#5
Angélica Salas-Perdomo, Francesc Miró-Mur, Xabier Urra, Carles Justicia, Mattia Gallizioli, Yashu Zhao, Vanessa H Brait, Carlos Laredo, Raúl Tudela, Andrés Hidalgo, Ángel Chamorro, Anna M Planas
OBJECTIVE: Hemorrhagic transformation is a serious complication of ischemic stroke after recanalization therapies. This study aims to identify mechanisms underlying hemorrhagic transformation after cerebral ischemia/reperfusion. APPROACH AND RESULTS: We used wild-type mice and Selplg-/- and Fut7-/- mice defective in P-selectin binding and lymphopenic Rag2-/- mice. We induced 30-minute or 45-minute ischemia by intraluminal occlusion of the middle cerebral artery and assessed hemorrhagic transformation at 48 hours with a hemorrhage grading score, histological means, brain hemoglobin content, or magnetic resonance imaging...
June 14, 2018: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902079/hydrogen-gas-improves-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-in-dahl-rat-of-salt-sensitive-hypertension
#6
Hiroki Matsuoka, Seiko Miyata, Nozomi Okumura, Takuya Watanabe, Katsunori Hashimoto, Miki Nagahara, Kazuko Kato, Sayaka Sobue, Kozue Takeda, Masatoshi Ichihara, Takashi Iwamoto, Akiko Noda
PURPOSE: Hypertension is an important risk factor for death resulting from stroke, myocardial infarction, and end-stage renal failure. Hydrogen (H2 ) gas protects against many diseases, including ischemia-reperfusion injury and stroke. The effects of H2 on hypertension and its related left ventricular (LV) function have not been fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of H2 gas on hypertension and LV hypertrophy using echocardiography. METHODS: Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats were randomly divided into three groups: those fed an 8% NaCl diet until 12 weeks of age (8% NaCl group), those additionally treated with H2 gas (8% NaCl + H2 group), and control rats maintained on a diet containing 0...
June 14, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898648/toll-like-receptors-signaling-pathways-as-a-potential-therapeutic-target-in-cardiovascular-disease
#7
Seyed Mostafa Parizadeh, Maryam Ghandehari, Motahareh Heydari-Majd, Sima Seifi, Ramin Mardani, Seyed Mohamahdreza Parizadeh, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Gordon A Ferns, Seyed Mahdi Hassanian, Amir Avan
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality, and associated with an important economic burden globally. Over the last decade, the prevalence of CVD has been rising globally, and is now associated with millions of death annually in both developed and developing countries. There is good evidence that the immune system is involved in the pathophysiology of CVD. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and their down-stream signaling pathways play an important role in the immune system...
June 13, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896428/mild-therapeutic-hypothermia-protects-the-brain-from-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-through-upregulation-of-iaspp
#8
Xiangrong Liu, Shaohong Wen, Shunying Zhao, Feng Yan, Shangfeng Zhao, Di Wu, Xunming Ji
Mild therapeutic hypothermia, a robust neuroprotectant, reduces neuronal apoptosis, but the precise mechanism is not well understood. Our previous study showed that a novel inhibitor of an apoptosis-stimulating protein of p53 (iASPP) might be involved in neuronal death after stroke. The aim of this study was to confirm the role of iASPP after stroke treated with mild therapeutic hypothermia. To address this, we mimicked ischemia/reperfusion injury in vitro by using oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R) in primary rat neurons...
June 2018: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896414/temporal-gene-expression-profiles-after-focal-cerebral-ischemia-in-mice
#9
Chengjie Zhang, Yanbing Zhu, Song Wang, Zheng Zachory Wei, Michael Qize Jiang, Yongbo Zhang, Yuhualei Pan, Shaoxin Tao, Jimei Li, Ling Wei
A cascade of pathological processes is triggered in the lesion area after ischemic stroke. Unfortunately, our understanding of these complicated molecular events is incomplete. In this investigation, we sought to better understand the detailed molecular and inflammatory events occurring after ischemic stroke. RNA-seq technology was used to identify whole gene expression profiles at days (D1, D3, D7, D14, D21) after focal cerebral ischemia in mice. Enrichment analyses based on Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) terms for the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were then analyzed...
April 2018: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895586/extracellular-vesicle-injection-improves-myocardial-function-and-increases-angiogenesis-in-a-swine-model-of-chronic-ischemia
#10
Brittany A Potz, Laura A Scrimgeour, Vasile I Pavlov, Neel R Sodha, M Ruhul Abid, Frank W Sellke
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) are believed to be cardioprotective in myocardial infarct. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of human mesenchymal cell-derived EV injection on cardiac function, myocardial blood flow, and vessel density in the setting of chronic myocardial ischemia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-three Yorkshire swine underwent placement of an ameroid constrictor on their left circumflex artery...
June 12, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895489/shengui-sansheng-san-extraction-is-an-angiogenic-switch-via-regulations-of-akt-mtor-erk1-2-and-notch1-signal-pathways-after-ischemic-stroke
#11
Bowen Liu, Cheng Luo, Zhaoguang Zheng, Zhenyan Xia, Qian Zhang, Chienchih Ke, Renshyan Liu, Yonghua Zhao
BACKGROUND: As a traditional Chinese herbal formula, Shengui Sansheng San (SSS) has been employed for stroke treatment more than 300 years. PURPOSE: We hypothesize that SSS extraction is an angiogenic switch in penumbra post-stroke, and corresponding mechanisms are investigated. METHODS: In present study, rats were subjected to permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion model (MCAo) and were treated with low, middle and high doses of SSS extraction...
May 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895321/neural-stem-cell-therapy-for-subacute-and-chronic-ischemic-stroke
#12
REVIEW
Austin C Boese, Quan-Son Eric Le, Dylan Pham, Milton H Hamblin, Jean-Pyo Lee
Neural stem cells (NSCs) play vital roles in brain homeostasis and exhibit a broad repertoire of potentially therapeutic actions following neurovascular injury. One such injury is stroke, a worldwide leading cause of death and disability. Clinically, extensive injury from ischemic stroke results from ischemia-reperfusion (IR), which is accompanied by inflammation, blood-brain barrier (BBB) damage, neural cell death, and extensive tissue loss. Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is still the only US Food and Drug Administration-approved clot-lysing agent...
June 13, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895187/factor-viii-in-acute-cerebral-ischemia-pilot-study-biomarker-in-patients-with-large-vessel-occlusion
#13
Digvijaya Navalkele, Amelia Boehme, Karen Albright, Cindy Leissinger, Laurie Schluter, Melissa Freeman, Stacy Drury, Ramy El Khoury, T Mark Beasley, Sheryl Martin-Schild
We conducted a prospective serial laboratory cohort study to assess the correlation of factor VIII (FVIII) levels in response to thrombolysis in patients with large vessel occlusion (LVO) and acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Patients with AIS with anterior circulation LVO were eligible for enrollment if treated within 4.5 hours from last seen normal with intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). Patients (n = 29) had a mean age of 71 years and median National Institute of Health Stroke Scale of 14. Baseline pre-tPA FVIII was not significantly correlated with clot burden score (-0...
January 1, 2018: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894304/is-troponin-really-a-reliable-marker-in-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke
#14
Zeynep Yildiz, Abdulkadir Koçer, Şahin Avşar, Göksel Cinier
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is a reliable marker to diagnose acute myocardial infarction, but the pathophysiological explanation for the increase in cTnI levels in patients with acute ischemic stroke (IS) remains unknown. To overcome this question, we aimed to compare serum cTnI levels in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) concomitant with and without stroke. By doing like this, we thought that we could demonstrate the effect of stroke on TrpI level. METHODS: Serum cTnI levels of 41 patients having ACS with acute IS during hospitalization were compared with 97 control patients having only ACS...
June 1, 2018: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893134/biochemical-characterization-of-the-brain-hippocampal-areas-after-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-using-raman-spectroscopy
#15
Gyeong Bok Jung, Sung Wook Kang, Gi-Ja Lee, Dohyun Kim
Cerebral ischemic stroke is one of the most common neurodegenerative conditions characterized by cerebral infarction, death of the brain tissue, and loss of brain function. Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury is the tissue damage caused when blood supply begins to the tissue after a period of ischemia or poor oxygen supply. In this study, we preliminarily investigated the biochemical changes in the brain hippocampal area, CA1, resulting from ischemia reperfusion and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) inhibitor treatment in rats using Raman spectroscopy...
January 1, 2018: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891729/nos3-inhibition-confers-post-ischemic-protection-to-young-and-aging-white-matter-integrity-by-conserving-mitochondrial-dynamics-and-miro-2-levels
#16
Chinthasagar Bastian, Jane Zaleski, Katharine Stahon, Brandon Parr, Andrew McCray, Jerica Day, Sylvain Brunet, Selva Baltan
White matter (WM) damage following a stroke underlies a majority of the neurological disability that is subsequently observed. Although ischemic injury mechanisms are age-dependent, conserving axonal mitochondria provides consistent post-ischemic protection to young and aging WM. Nitric Oxide Synthase (NOS) activation is a major cause of oxidative and mitochondrial injury in gray matter during ischemia; therefore, we used a pure WM tract, isolated male mouse optic nerve, to investigate whether NOS inhibition provides post-ischemic functional recovery by preserving mitochondria...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891613/binding-mode-of-aif-370-394-peptide-to-cypa-insights-from-nmr-label-free-and-molecular-docking-studies
#17
Biancamaria Farina, Mattia Sturlese, Fabiola Mascanzoni, Andrea Caporale, Alessandra Monti, Gianluigi Di Sorbo, Roberto Fattorusso, Menotti Ruvo, Nunzianna Doti
The complex formation between the proteins Apoptosis Inducing Factor (AIF) and Cyclophilin A (CypA) following oxidative stress in neuronal cells has been suggested as a main target for reverting ischemia-stroke damage. Recently, a peptide encompassing AIF residues 370-394 has been developed to target the AIF-binding site on CypA, to prevent the association between the two proteins and suppress glutamate-induced cell death in neuronal cells. Using a combined approach based on NMR spectroscopy, synthesis and in vitro testing of all Ala-scan mutants of the peptide and molecular docking/molecular dynamics, we have generated a detailed model of the AIF(370-394)/CypA complex...
June 11, 2018: Biochemical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890880/urokinase-type-plasminogen-activator-upa-protects-the-tripartite-synapse-in-the-ischemic-brain-via-ezrin-mediated-formation-of-peripheral-astrocytic-processes
#18
Ariel Diaz, Paola Merino, Luis G Manrique, Lihong Cheng, Manuel Yepes
Cerebral ischemia has a harmful effect on the synapse associated with neurological impairment. The "tripartite synapse" is assembled by the pre- and postsynaptic terminals, embraced by astrocytic elongations known as peripheral astrocytic processes (PAPs). Ischemic stroke induces the detachment of PAPs from the synapse, leading to synaptic dysfunction and neuronal death. Ezrin is a membrane-associated protein, required for the formation of PAPs, that links the cell surface to the actin cytoskeleton...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890157/ginkgolide-k-promotes-angiogenesis-in-a-middle-cerebral-artery-occlusion-mouse-model-via-activating-jak2-stat3-pathway
#19
Meng Chen, Wenyan Zou, Miaomiao Chen, Liang Cao, Jianhua Ding, Wei Xiao, Gang Hu
Ginkgolide K (GK) is a new compound extracted from the leaves of Ginkgo biloba, which has been recognized to exert anti-oxidative stress and neuroprotective effect on ischemic stroke. While whether it plays an enhanced effect on angiogenesis during ischemic stroke remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ginkgolide K on promoting angiogenesis as well as the protective mechanism after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion. Using the transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) mouse model, we found that GK (3...
June 8, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887594/the-role-of-von-willebrand-factor-adamts13-and-cerebral-artery-thrombus-composition-in-patient-outcome-following-mechanical-thrombectomy-for-acute-ischemic-stroke
#20
Vaclav Prochazka, Tomas Jonszta, Daniel Czerny, Jan Krajca, Martin Roubec, Jirka Macak, Petr Kovar, Petra Kovarova, Martin Pulcer, Renata Zoubkova, Ivo Lochman, Veronika Svachova, Lubomir Pavliska, Adela Vrtkova, David Kasprak, Jaromir Gumulec, John W Weisel
BACKGROUND The aim of the study was to investigate the role of von Willebrand factor (vWF), the vWF-cleaving protease, ADAMTS13, the composition of thrombus, and patient outcome following mechanical cerebral artery thrombectomy in patients with acute ischemic stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS A prospective cohort study included 131 patients with ischemic stroke (<6 hours) with or without intravenous thrombolysis. Interventional procedure parameters, hemocoagulation markers, vWF, ADAMTS13, and histological examination of the extracted thrombi were performed...
June 11, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
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