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Onodera’s Prognostic Nutritional Index

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846467/inflammatory-and-nutritional-statuses-of-patients-submitted-to-resection-of-gastrointestinal-tumors
#1
Ana Valéria Gonçalves Fruchtenicht, Aline Kirjner Poziomyck, Audrey Machado Dos Reis, Carlos Roberto Galia, Georgia Brum Kabke, Luis Fernando Moreira
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the association between the nutritional and the inflammatory statuses of patients with cancer of the gastrointestinal tract undergoing surgical resection and to identify predictors of mortality in these patients. METHODS: we conducted a prospective study of 41 patients with gastrointestinal tract cancer submitted to surgery between October 2012 and December 2014. We evaluated the nutritional status by subjective and objective methods. We assessed the inflammatory response and prognosis using the modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS), Neutrophil/Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR), Onodera Prognostic Nutritional Index (mPNI), Inflammatory-Nutritional Index (INI) and C-Reactive Protein/Albumin ratio (mPINI)...
2018: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691779/nomogram-and-validity-of-a-model-for-predicting-malnutrition-in-patients-on-liver-transplant-lists
#2
María Teresa García-Rodríguez, Sonia Pértega-Díaz, Beatriz López-Calviño, María Del Carmen Piñón-Villar, Alejandra Otero-Ferreiro, Francisco Suárez-López, Manuel Gómez-Gutiérrez, María Teresa Seoane-Pillado, Salvador Pita-Fernández
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is associated with increased morbimortality in liver transplant patients, and it is important to identify factors related to nutritional status in these patients. AIMS: Determine variables associated with malnutrition and create a nomogram in liver transplant candidates. METHODS: Cross-sectional study (n = 110). VARIABLES: demographic variables, imbalances due to the disease, transplant aetiology and analytical parameters...
April 25, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552757/malnutrition-is-associated-with-adverse-postoperative-outcome-in-patients-undergoing-elective-colorectal-cancer-resections
#3
Charalampos Seretis, Panagiota Kaisari, Kasun Wanigasooriya, Umar Shariff, Haney Youssef
PURPOSE: Malnutrition results in a significant increase in postoperative morbidity and mortality after abdominal surgery. Apart from the anthropometric assessments, malnutrition can be also assessed using laboratory scores, with the most widely used being Onodera's Prognostic Nutritional Index (PNI). The purpose of our study was to assess if the presence of malnutrition as calculated by the Onodera's PNI was associated with higher postoperative morbidity after elective colorectal cancer resection...
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521534/the-prognostic-nutrition-index-predicts-the-development-of-hematological-toxicities-in-and-the-prognosis-of-esophageal-cancer-patients-treated-with-cisplatin-plus-5-fluorouracil-chemotherapy
#4
Yoshifumi Matsumoto, Qiliang Zhou, Kensuke Kamimura, Masato Moriyama, Yasuo Saijo
The prognostic nutrition index (PNI), calculated based on serum albumin and lymphocyte counts, predicts the prognosis of several cancers, including operated esophageal cancers. In this study, we determined whether PNI could predict the occurrence of severe adverse events by chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy, and overall survival in esophageal cancer. We collected data from 191 patients with esophageal cancer treated with at least one course of cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil from 2005 to 2016. We compared the incidences of severe adverse events and overall survival between a high- and a low-PNI group...
April 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460814/smoking-cessation-contributes-to-weight-gain-in-patients-with-hepatobiliopancreatic-malignancy
#5
Taiichi Wakiya, Keinosuke Ishido, Daisuke Kudo, Norihisa Kimura, Shingo Sakuraba, Shinji Tsutsumi, Takuji Kagiya, Chiaki Uchida, Kenichi Hakamada
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The relationship between smoking cessation and weight gain is well recognized. However, there is no data currently available on the effect of smoking cessation on weight gain in patients with malignancy. The aim of this study was to clarify the body weight (BW) change after smoking cessation in patients with malignancy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 159 subjects who underwent hepatobiliopancreatic surgery. The smoking status was determined using questionnaires administered at the initial presentation, and the candidates were divided into two groups: recent quitters and nonsmokers...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384314/relevance-of-the-mini-nutritional-assessment-in-cirrhotic-liver-disease-patients
#6
Kenichiro Yasutake, Shigemi Koga, Yuka Hokko, Michiko Ikemoto, Yuri Yaguchi, Hironori Sakai, Yusuke Murata, Kenji Ohe, Motoyuki Kohjima, Makoto Nakamuta, Munechika Enjoji
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition is an important prognostic factor for patients with liver disease and a novel nutritional assessment tool is required for these patients. The aim of this study was to validate the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) as a nutritional screening tool for patients with liver disease, by comparing MNA scores with other nutrition-related parameters. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Patients who were hospitalized at the gastroenterology division of Kyushu and Beppu Medical Center were enrolled...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353284/usefulness-of-totally-implantable-central-venous-access-devices-in-elderly-patients-a-retrospective-study
#7
Yuki Imaoka, Fumito Kuranishi, Yoshiteru Ogawa
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The need for totally implantable central venous access devices (TICVADs) has increased with increased opportunities in the use of chemotherapy and parenteral nutrition. This study aimed to determine the outcomes of TICVAD implantation and use in patients aged ≥85 years. METHODS: Between January 2010 and August 2016, 117 patients underwent TICVAD implantation and their records were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Participants were divided into 2 groups (plus-85 and sub-85 groups)...
2018: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241167/nutritional-screening-and-clinical-outcome-in-hospitalized-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#8
Azusa Takaoka, Masaya Sasaki, Naoko Nakanishi, Mika Kurihara, Akiko Ohi, Shigeki Bamba, Akira Andoh
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hospitalized patients with Crohn's disease (CD) can develop severe nutritional deficits. However, the nutritional screening tools with the most utility for such patients are still unknown. METHODS: Nutritional status of 40 CD patients was assessed on admission using several screening tools and laboratory tests. Their validity was evaluated in relation to length of hospital stay (LOS) and intestinal resection. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to predict prolonged LOS (≥28 days)...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157273/effect-of-daikenchuto-tj-100-on-gastrointestinal-symptoms-following-laparoscopic-colectomy-in-patients-with-colon-cancer-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Nobuaki Hoshino, Kenji Kawada, Koya Hida, Toshiaki Wada, Ryo Takahashi, Mami Yoshitomi, Yoshiharu Sakai
BACKGROUND: Postoperative paralytic ileus can be a difficult complication for both surgeons and patients. Causes and treatments have been discussed for more than two centuries, but have not yet been fully resolved. Daikenchuto (TJ-100, DKT) is a traditional Japanese herbal medicine. Recently, some beneficial mechanisms of DKT to relieve paralytic ileus have been reported. DKT can suppress inflammation, increase intestinal blood flow, and accelerate bowel movements. Therefore, we have designed a randomized controlled trial to investigate the effects of DKT on postoperative gastrointestinal symptoms following laparoscopic colectomy in patients with left-sided colon cancer at a single institution...
November 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021438/factors-for-predicting-outcomes-among-non-hiv-patients-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#10
Toshinori Tsukahara, Nobuyuki Horita, Ken Tashiro, Kenjiro Nagai, Masaharu Shinkai, Masaki Yamamoto, Takashi Sato, Yu Hara, Hideyuki Nagakura, Yuji Shibata, Hiroki Watanabe, Kentaro Nakashima, Ryota Ushio, Akimichi Nagashima, Misako Ikeda, Atsuya Narita, Katsuhito Sasaki, Nobuaki Kobayashi, Makoto Kudo, Takeshi Kaneko
Objective Onodera's Prognostic Nutritional Index (PNI), determined as "10× albumin (g/dL) + 0.005× lymphocyte count (/μL)," was originally designed to determine the risk of complications following gastrointestinal surgery. This single-center, retrospective observational study was designed to investigate whether or not the PNI can predict the treatment outcome. Methods We consecutively reviewed HIV-negative pulmonary tuberculosis adults in an isolation ward. Most patients were being treated with standard three- or four-drug regimens...
December 15, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814767/application-of-the-onodera-prognostic-nutrition-index-and-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-risk-evaluation-of-postoperative-complications-in-crohn-s-disease
#11
Wei-Ming Kang, Chang-Zhen Zhu, Xiao-Xu Yang, Jian-Chun Yu, Zhi-Qiang Ma, Xin Ye, Kang Li, Dong Liu
This study aimed to investigate application of Onodera prognostic nutrition index (OPNI) and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in evaluating risk of postoperative complications in Crohn's disease (CD). Clinical data of 108 postoperative CD patients in 9 years were respectively reviewed. OPNI and NLR were within 1 week preoperatively. Average OPNI was 38.8 ± 8.2 and significantly lower in patients with: CD type B3; lymphopenia; decreased haemoglobin, prealbumin, and albumin; and daily enteral nutrition <500 kcal/d...
August 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726497/prognosis-prediction-for-postoperative-esophageal-cancer-patients-using-onodera-s-prognostic-nutritional-index
#12
Hideo Matsumoto, Yuko Okamoto, Akimasa Kawai, Daisuke Ueno, Hisako Kubota, Haruaki Murakami, Masaharu Higashida, Toshihiro Hirai
PURPOSE: Preoperative nutritional status may impact surgical outcome and prognosis. We evaluated the predictive value of Onodera's prognostic nutritional index (O's-PNI) of surgical outcome following esophagectomy in esophageal cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, 144 patients undergoing esophagectomy for esophageal cancer from April 2010 to May 2015 were evaluated, retrospectively. Eighty-four patients were enrolled in this study. O's-PNIs were calculated before surgery, discharge, and 1, 2, and 6 mo after discharge...
August 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644887/sarcopenia-is-a-predictive-factor-for-intestinal-resection-in-admitted-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#13
Shigeki Bamba, Masaya Sasaki, Azusa Takaoka, Kenichiro Takahashi, Hirotsugu Imaeda, Atsushi Nishida, Osamu Inatomi, Mitsushige Sugimoto, Akira Andoh
The relationship between skeletal muscle volume and the prognosis of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains undetermined. We conducted a retrospective study of 72 IBD patients who were admitted to the hospital due to disease exacerbation. We enrolled IBD patients who had undergone abdominal computed tomography and assessed the nutritional indices, such as the Onodera's prognostic nutritional index (O-PNI) and the controlling nutritional status (CONUT) index. The L3 skeletal muscle index (SMI), which is the ratio of the cross-sectional area of skeletal muscles at the level of the third lumbar (L3) vertebra to the height squared, was used to identify sarcopenia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534554/-relation-between-preoperative-prognostic-onodera-s-index-and-postsurgery-complications-in-the-r0-gastric-carcinoma-resection
#14
F Borda, C Miranda, A Borda, E Echeverría, A Guerra, J J Iñigo, J M Zozaya
BACKGROUND: It has been postulated in the Asian literature that a low prognostic nutritional index (OI) could be associated with a higher rate of complications following radical gastric cancer surgery, but there is a lack of data concerning western countries. The aim is to analyze the relationship between a low preoperative OI and the frequency and severity of surgical complications in R0 gastric cancer resection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the present article, 124 cases of gastric cancer with R0 resection were reviewed...
April 30, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442246/prognostic-impact-of-nutritional-risk-assessment-in-patients-with-chronic-schizophrenia
#15
Ming-Tsun Tsai, Tien-Hao Chang, Bo-Jian Wu
Protein-energy wasting is associated with poor outcome in various clinical settings. However, the prevalence of malnutrition and the prognostic impact of nutritional status are poorly understood in institutionalized patients with chronic schizophrenia. This study aimed to assess the predictive ability of the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index and Onodera's Prognostic Nutritional Index for long-term outcomes in patients with chronic schizophrenia. All measurements, including nutritional scores, were performed at baseline after the enrollment of 542 (64...
February 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301959/utility-of-clinico-biological-data-for-long-term-prognosis-of-head-and-neck-terminal-cancer
#16
Taiji Kawasaki, Koichiro Wasano, Sayuri Yamamoto, Shuta Tomisato, Kaoru Ogawa
OBJECTIVE: The prognosis of terminal head and neck cancer is traditionally determined using indices such as the palliative prognosis index. We aimed to develop an alternative prognosis index using clinico-biological data. METHODS: This retrospective case-series study included 33 head and neck cancer patients whose cancer recurred despite receiving radiation therapy between April 2010 and April 2014. Clinico-biological data were collected the day patients were diagnosed as terminal...
August 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000452/phase-angle-and-onodera-s-prognostic-nutritional-index-in-critically-ill-patients
#17
Karina Marques Vermeulen, Leilane Lilian Araújo Leal, Mariana Câmara Martins Bezerra Furtado, Sancha Helena de Lima Vale, Lúcia Leite Lais
INTRODUCTION: Assessing severity and nutritional prognosis in critical patients has become increasingly important in recent years, since these parameters are related to morbidity/mortality and used to guide therapeutic options. OBJECTIVE: Determine nutritional prognosis through the Phase Angle (PA) and Onodera's Prognostic Nutritional Index (OPNI) and its relationship with severity, hospitalization time and mortality of critically ill patients. METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional study, involving adult patients hospitalized in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU)...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896506/inflammation-based-prognostic-scores-utility-in-prognostication-and-patient-selection-for-cytoreduction-and-perioperative-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-peritoneal-metastasis-of-colonic-origin
#18
Chukwuemeka Ihemelandu
BACKGROUND: Tumor-associated systemic inflammatory response has been correlated with prognosis. Our aim was to analyze the utility of inflammation-based prognostic scores for prognostication and patient selection for cytoreduction and perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy (POIC) in patients diagnosed with peritoneal metastasis of colonic origin. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database for all patients treated for peritoneal metastasis of colonic origin from February 2001 to April 2015...
April 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847115/pre-therapeutic-nutritional-assessment-for-predicting-severe-adverse-events-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-treated-by-radiotherapy
#19
Takeyuki Kono, Koji Sakamoto, Seiichi Shinden, Kaoru Ogawa
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition is common in patients with head and neck cancer (HNSCC). It may be related to severe adverse toxicity as a result of radiotherapy. The aim was to investigate nutritional screening factors for severe adverse events. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 101 patients who underwent radiotherapy from 2009 to 2013 was performed. The relationships among severe adverse events and pretreatment nutritional parameters, including static variables (serum albumin, total protein, total lymphocyte counts, body mass index), dynamic variables (retinol-binding protein, transferrin, pre-albumin), and nutritional screening tools (Onodera's Prognostic Nutrition Index [O-PNI]; Nutrition Risk Index; Controlling Nutritional Status [CONUT] score; Nutritional Risk Screening 2002) were evaluated in addition to patient and treatment factors...
December 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729804/prognostic-nutritional-index-predicts-prognosis-in-patients-with-metastatic-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#20
Gan-Bao Wei, Yao-Yong Lu, Rong-Wei Liao, Qing-Sheng Chen, Kun-Qiang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of Onodera's prognostic nutritional index (PNI) in patients with metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS: A total of 187 patients with metastatic NPC treated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy were retrospectively reviewed. The PNI was calculated using the following formula: serum albumin level (gram per liter) +0.005× peripheral lymphocyte count (per cubic millimeter). A receiver operating characteristics curve for overall survival (OS) with the highest Youden index was determined to calculate the best cutoff value of PNI...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
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