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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641206/efficacy-of-surgical-laser-therapy-in-the-management-of-oral-pigmented-lesions-a-systematic-review
#1
Tariq Abduljabbar, Fahim Vohra, Zohaib Akram, Siti Mariam Ab Ghani, Nawwaf Al-Hamoudi, Fawad Javed
BACKGROUND: Oral pigmentation, especially in the gingiva poses esthetic problems. Laser therapy has been widely used for cosmetic therapy in dentistry. The aim of the present study was to systematically review the efficacy of surgical laser therapy (SLT) in the management of oral pigmented lesions (OPL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The addressed focused question was "Is SLT effective in the management of OPL?" Databases (MEDLINE via PubMed; EMBASE; Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register databases) were searched from 1970 up to and including February 2017...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622082/comparing-the-effectiveness-of-fractional-co2-laser-and-the-combination-therapy-with-micro-needling-and-topical-10-trichloroacetic-acid-to-remove-infra-orbital-dark-circles-in-tehran-women
#2
Abbas Zamanian, Mahba Azizi, Mohamadreza Ghasemi, Elham Behrangi, Sedigheh Naeji
BACKGROUND: Infra-orbital dark circles in now identified as a cosmetic problem which should be considered in treatment issue. The present study aimed to assess and compare the clinical efficiency of the combination of micro-needling and 10% trichloroacetic acid (TCA) cream as well as carbon dioxide laser in the management of infra-orbital dark circles. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was performed on women ranged 28 to 62 years that complained of infra-orbital dark circles...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621453/the-pinhole-method-using-an-erbium-yag-laser-for-the-treatment-of-papular-acne-scars
#3
Sang Ju Lee, Jae Min Kim, Young Koo Kim, Seong Jun Seo, Kui Young Park
Papular acne scars are skin-colored or hypopigmented, soft and elevated lesions of the chin and trunk. Papular scars are one of the most difficult acne scars to treat. Herein, we reported two patients with papular acne scars on the chin that were successfully treated by the pinhole method using an Erbium (ER):YAG laser. Good cosmetic results were achieved in both patients. The side effects included mild, intra-, and post-procedural pain and erythema that resolved spontaneously within 2 weeks. The pinhole method with an Er:YAG laser could potentially be used as a safe and effective treatment for papular acne scars...
June 16, 2017: Dermatologic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607886/managing-rhinophyma-by-trimodal-therapy-novel-approach
#4
K V Vishwas, Belliappa Pemmanda Raju, Umashankar Nagaraju
Rhinophyma is characterized by nodular thickening of the Nasal skin, sebaceous gland hyperplasia, dilated pores, and in its late stage, fibrosis. In severe cases, it results in loss of normal facial contours, significant disfigurement, and social isolation. Treatment options for severe rhinophyma include cryosurgery, partial-thickness decortications with subsequent secondary reepithelialisation, laser ablation, full thickness resection with graft or flap reconstruction, excision by electrocautery or radio frequency...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602022/recurrence-of-melanocytic-lesions-after-laser-treatment-benign-versus-malignant-upon-dermoscopy
#5
S Guida, P L Bencini, A M Manganoni, R Gianotti, L Lospalluti, P Greco, G Pellacani, F Farnetani
The treatment of pigmented lesions includes several approaches depending on the nature of the cutaneous lesion to be treated. When considering melanocytic lesions, a balance between therapeutic aspects and cosmetic concerns for aesthetic sites have to be taken into account, with particular attention for the differential diagnosis between benign and malignant.(1-3) In particular, the increasing awareness for good cosmetic results lead to the development of less invasive techniques, although they hamper the histological assessment, which is the gold standard for the diagnosis of melanocytic lesions...
June 11, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566911/intense-pulsed-light-and-q-switched-1-064-nm-neodymium-doped-yttrium-aluminum-garnet-laser-treatment-for-the-scarring-lesion-of-discoid-lupus-erythematosus
#6
Yun Sun Byun, Jee Hee Son, Yong Se Cho, Bo Young Chung, Hee Jin Cho, Chun Wook Park, Hye One Kim
Discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) is a chronic form of cutaneous lupus that can cause permanent scarring. Treatment of DLE includes protection from sunlight and artificial sources of ultraviolet light, as well as systemic and topical medications. The first-line standard therapies are antimalarials and topical steroids. Other systemic therapies include systemic steroid, azathioprine, dapsone, and immunosuppressive agents. Topical tacrolimus and pimecrolimus have also been evaluated. Recent studies reported that several treatments, including pulsed dye laser, CO2 laser, intense pulsed light (IPL), and 1,064-nm long-pulse neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum (Nd:YAG) have been used for the cosmetic treatment of DLE...
June 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555933/lentigo-maligna-melanoma-with-a-history-of-cosmetic-treatment-prevalence-surgical-outcomes-and-considerations
#7
Brian P Hibler, Karen L Connolly, Erica H Lee, Anthony M Rossi, Kishwer S Nehal
INTRODUCTION: Lentigo maligna (LM) is melanoma in situ on sun-damaged skin and presents diagnostic challenges due to overlapping features with benign pigmented lesions. Cosmetic treatments may be inadvertently performed on LM. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of LM with prior cosmetic treatment, and evaluate surgical outcomes. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Retrospective review of biopsy-proven LM presenting over a 10-year-period (2006-2015). Prior cosmetic treatment and biopsies were recorded...
May 29, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543587/optical-mapping-of-nonmelanoma-skin-cancers-a-pilot-clinical-study
#8
Anna N Yaroslavsky, Xin Feng, Victor A Neel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most common human cancer. Because these tumors often affect the face, there is a strong need for both accurate removal of these neoplasms to prevent recurrence and maximal tissue preservation to prevent cosmetic or functional deformity. Polarization-enhanced reflectance and fluorescence imaging (PERFI) is a new bedside method that uses fluorescent chromophores to image NMSC. While the feasibility of the technique has been successfully demonstrated in ex vivo studies, this is the first pilot study to extend the use of PERFI to in vivo intraoperative imaging of NMSC...
May 23, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530052/-treatment-of-scars-in-the-21st-century
#9
REVIEW
Ofir Artzi
Abnormal scars are a common complication of the wound healing process, associated with aesthetic, functional and psychological morbidities. The constant development of our understanding of the pathophysiology of scars has led to the development of different treatment modalities and protocols. Treatment during the early stages of wound healing is considered scar prevention and is associated with better cosmetic results than older mature scars. Several studies have demonstrated optimal results with therapeutic protocols combining different treatment modalities, the most important of them being laser technology...
October 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527625/cosmetic-micromanipulation-of-vitrified-warmed-cleavage-stage-embryos-does-not-improve-art-outcomes-an-ultrastructural-study-of-fragments
#10
Somayyeh Safari, Mohammad Ali Khalili, Zeinab Barekati, Iman Halvaei, Morteza Anvari, Stefania A Nottola
The aim was to study the ultrastructure of cytoplasmic fragments along with the effect of cosmetic micromanipulation (CM) on the morphology and development of vitrified-warmed embryos as well as assisted reproductive technology (ART) outcomes. A total of 96 frozen embryo transfer (FET) cycles were included in this prospective randomized study. They were divided into three groups of CM (n=32), sham (n=32) and control (n=32). In the CM group, the vitrified- warmed embryos were subjected to fragments and coarse granules removal (cosmetic micromanipulation) after laser assisted zona hatching (LAH); sham group subjected only to LAH and no intervention was taken for the control group...
May 17, 2017: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521677/molluscum-contagiosum-an-update
#11
Alexander Kc Leung, Benjamin Barankin, Kam Lun Hon
BACKGROUND: Molluscum contagiosum is a viral cutaneous infection in childhood that occurs worldwide. Physicians should familiarize themselves with this common condition. OBJECTIVE: To review in depth the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, complications and, in particular, treatment of molluscum contagiosum. METHODS: A PubMed search was completed in Clinical Queries using the key term "molluscum contagiosum". Patents were searched using the key term "molluscum contagiosum" from www...
May 17, 2017: Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498204/asds-guidelines-task-force-consensus-recommendations-regarding-the-safety-of-lasers-dermabrasion-chemical-peels-energy-devices-and-skin-surgery-during-and-after-isotretinoin-use
#12
Abigail Waldman, Diana Bolotin, Kenneth A Arndt, Jeffrey S Dover, Roy G Geronemus, Anne Chapas, Sanjana Iyengar, Suzanne L Kilmer, Andrew C Krakowski, Naomi Lawrence, Heidi B Prather, Thomas E Rohrer, Bethanee J Schlosser, John Y S Kim, Peter R Shumaker, Leah K Spring, Murad Alam
BACKGROUND: Currently, the isotretinoin (13-cis-retinoic acid) package insert contains language advising the discontinuation of isotretinoin for 6 months before performing cosmetic procedures, including waxing, dermabrasion, chemical peels, laser procedures, or incisional and excisional cold-steel surgery. It is common practice to follow this standard because of concerns regarding reports of sporadic adverse events and increased risk of scarring. OBJECTIVE: To develop expert consensus regarding the safety of skin procedures, including resurfacing, energy device treatments, and incisional and excisional procedures, in the setting of concurrent or recent isotretinoin use...
May 10, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494055/modern-management-of-nasal-hemangiomas
#13
Robert G Keller, Shawn Stevens, Marcelo Hochman
Importance: Current treatment approaches for infantile hemangiomas of the nose include observation, pharmacologic agents, surgery, and/or laser therapy. Because of the known functional, social, and cosmetic effect of nasal deformities, obtaining the best possible result is critical. Optimal timing, type, duration, and extent of therapy remain unclear. Observations: Results of a review of 86 patients (64 females and 22 males; mean age, 4.8 months [range, 2 days-23 years]) with infantile hemangiomas of the nose treated from January 1, 1999, to December 31, 2015, and a review of the literature are presented to gain insight into the preferred approach to the treatment of these lesions...
May 11, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492048/a-review-of-the-safety-of-cosmetic-procedures-during-pregnancy-and-lactation
#14
REVIEW
M K Trivedi, G Kroumpouzos, J E Murase
The safety of cosmetic procedures in patients who are pregnant and/or lactating is a complex clinical question surrounded by uncertainty. Our objective is to consolidate data on the safety of commonly requested cosmetic procedures during pregnancy and lactation after a systematic review of the current literature to guide evidence-based care in the future. A systematic search of the PubMed database was conducted for articles on cosmetic procedures during pregnancy and lactation. Due to a lack of controlled trials, case reports and series were considered...
March 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468167/successful-treatment-of-infantile-hemangiomas-with-propranolol-in-low-birth-weight-infants
#15
Makiko Kado, Azusa Shimizu, Takashi Matsumura, Mariko Mochizuki, Hiroshi Mizuno, Ayato Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Infantile hemangioma (IH) is a benign neoplasm that causes scarring and cosmetic problems after spontaneous regression. Therefore, aggressive treatments such as laser irradiation and corticosteroid have been used; however, recently, the effect of propranolol has been widely noticed. In this study, the authors applied propranolol to low-birth-weight infants with IHs and evaluated its effect. METHODS: Four low-birth-weight infants having IH were selected, with birth weights ranging from 582 to 814 g (average 703 g)...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466193/efficacy-of-nd-yag-laser-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-verrucae-a-literature-review
#16
Vincent M Hsu, Adam S Aldahan, John P Tsatalis, Marina Perper, Keyvan Nouri
Verrucae are benign epithelial proliferations, characteristically 1-20 mm in diameter, caused by human papilloma virus (HPV) infection occurring on the skin and mucosa (Photomed Laser Surg 33(6):338-42, 2015; Lasers Med Sci 29(3):1111-6, 2014). Prevalence of verrucae is 5-20% in children and young adults with peak incidence reported during teenage years (Lasers Med Sci 29(3):1111-6, 2014; J Am Acad Dermatol 22(4):547-66, 1990; J Korean Med Sci 24(5):889-93, 2009). Patients often express significant displeasure with quality of life due to this cosmetic insecurity, as well as functional problems and physical discomfort when they occur on palms of hands and soles of feet...
May 2, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465773/treatment-patterns-and-outcomes-in-patients-with-varicose-veins
#17
Rajiv Mallick, Aditya Raju, Chelsey Campbell, Rashad Carlton, David Wright, Kimberly Boswell, Michael Eaddy
BACKGROUND: Approximately 24% of adults in the United States have visible varicose veins, and an estimated 6% have evidence of advanced chronic venous disease. The majority of individuals with varicose veins seek treatment because of symptoms, such as aching, throbbing, fatigue, pruritus, ankle swelling, and tenderness, rather than cosmetic reasons. Furthermore, varicose veins are a manifestation of chronic venous insufficiency, which can progress to leg pain, leg edema, chronic skin changes, and nonhealing ulcers...
November 2016: American Health & Drug Benefits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425593/medium-sized-nevus-spilus-of-the-neck-treated-with-pulsed-dye-laser
#18
Vito Abrusci, Valentina Benzecry
Patients with large benign melanocytic lesions located on the neck represent a therapeutic challenge since the neck is a high-risk area for hypertrophic scarring and/or retraction. When treating a benign, extensive and visible melanocytic lesion, the choice of therapy mainly depends on the likelihood of improved cosmesis. We report a case of a 33-year-old woman with a medium-sized Nevus Spilus located on the neck, successfully treated with four sessions of pulsed dye laser. We achieved an excellent clinical and cosmetic result in such a challenging area...
April 20, 2017: Dermatologic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409574/-watching-dance-of-the-molecules-cars-microscopy
#19
Jaroslaw Korczyński, Katarzyna Kubiak, Edyta Węgłowska
CARS (Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering) microscopy is an imaging method for living cells visualization as well as for food or cosmetics material analysis without the need for staining. The near infrared laser source generates the CARS signal - the characteristic intrinsic vibrational contrast of the molecules in a sample which is no longer caused by staining, but by the molecules themselves. It provides the benefit of a non-toxic, non-destructive and almost noninvasive method for sample imaging. CARS can easily be combined with fluorescence confocal microscopy so it is an excellent complementary imaging method...
2017: Postepy Biochemii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397660/-dermatologic-laser-surgery
#20
Lene Hedelund, Berit C Carlsen, Hans Bredsted Lomholt, Susanne Vissing, Merete Hædersdal
In this article we give an overview of which skin conditions that are currently treated with laser and explains the basic principles of treatment. In addition, we summarize recommendations of the Danish Dermatological Society for demarcation of medical treatments which can be provided free of charge from cosmetic self-payment treatments.
February 20, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
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