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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736341/tfos-dews-ii-iatrogenic-report
#1
REVIEW
José Alvaro P Gomes, Dimitri T Azar, Christophe Baudouin, Nathan Efron, Masatoshi Hirayama, Jutta Horwath-Winter, Terry Kim, Jodhbir S Mehta, Elisabeth M Messmer, Jay S Pepose, Virender S Sangwan, Alan L Weiner, Steven E Wilson, James S Wolffsohn
Dry eye can be caused by a variety of iatrogenic interventions. The increasing number of patients looking for eye care or cosmetic procedures involving the eyes, together with a better understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms of dry eye disease (DED), have led to the need of a specific report about iatrogenic dry eye within the TFOS DEWS II. Topical medications can cause DED due to their allergic, toxic and immuno-inflammatory effects on the ocular surface. Preservatives, such as benzalkonium chloride, may further aggravate DED...
May 5, 2017: Ocular Surface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732912/structural-and-mechanical-characterization-of-bacterial-cellulose-polyethylene-glycol-diacrylate-composite-gels
#2
Yukari Numata, Hiroyuki Kono, Minato Tsuji, Kenji Tajima
This study explores the structural and mechanical properties of bacterial cellulose-polyethylene glycol diacrylate (BC-PEGDA) composite gels. The molecular dynamics results obtained by solid-state (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance analyses suggested that BC and PEGDA molecules were incompatible as composite gels, though BC fibers and PEGDA interact with each other. The mechanical strength of the gels depended on the amount of PEGDA, becoming softer and more stretchable when a tensile force was applied, but for a large amount of PEGDA, they became brittle...
October 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729228/tangled-history-of-the-european-uses-of-sphagnum-moss-and-sphagnol
#3
REVIEW
Jacek Drobnik, Adam Stebel
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Sphagnum mosses and peat could have been utilized as wound dressings for centuries, however reliable data on this subject are ambiguous; sometimes even no distinction between peat moss (Sphagnum spp.) and peat is made or these terms become confused. The first scientific account on surgical use of peat comes from 1882: a peat digger who successfully, by himself and in the way unknown to the then medicine, cured an open fracture of his forearm with peat. The peat, and very soon the peat moss itself (which is the major constituent of peat) drew attention of the 19(th)-century surgeons...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724193/saline-irrigation-for-the-management-of-skin-extravasation-injury-in-neonates
#4
REVIEW
P N Gopalakrishnan, Nitin Goel, Sujoy Banerjee
BACKGROUND: Extravasation injury, a complication commonly seen in the neonatal intensive care unit, can result in scarring with cosmetic and functional sequelae. A wide variety of treatments are available, including subcutaneous irrigation with saline (with or without hyaluronidase), liposuction, use of specific antidotes, topical applications, and normal wound care with dry or wet dressings. All such treatments aim to prevent or reduce the severity of complications. OBJECTIVES: Primary objective To compare the efficacy and safety of saline irrigation or saline irrigation with prior hyaluronidase infiltration versus no intervention or normal wound care for tissue healing in neonates with extravasation injury...
July 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722459/-mesotherapy-in-trichology
#5
Stephanie Alexandra Ihrisky
Mesotherapy (from Greek meso = in between, therapeia = treat) is a non-surgical, mostly cosmetic therapy, where active substances are injected intradermally into a depth of about 4 mm. It is an effective and easy-to-use method in the treatment of alopecia. It is effective both in the therapy of androgenetic alopecia and telogen effluvium. In recent years, it has been massively expanded also among non-medical fields, which has caused its contradictory perception by professional medical circles outside dermatologists...
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715157/use-of-the-shangring-circumcision-device-in-boys-below-18-years-old-in-kenya-results-from-a-pilot-study
#6
Quentin D Awori, Richard K Lee, Phillip S Li, Jared N Moguche, Dan Ouma, Betsy Sambai, Marc Goldstein, Mark A Barone
INTRODUCTION: Male circumcision is a proven prevention strategy against the spread of HIV. The World Health Organization's new 2016-2021 strategic framework on voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) targets 90% of males aged 10-29 years to receive circumcision by 2021 in 14 priority sub-Saharan countries while anticipating an increase in the demand for infant circumcision. It also states that the use of circumcision devices is a safe and efficient innovation to accelerate attainment of these goals...
July 12, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713697/safe-implementation-of-retroauricular-robotic-and-endoscopic-neck-surgery-in-south-america
#7
REVIEW
Renan Bezerra Lira, Thiago Celestino Chulam, Luiz Paulo Kowalski
In the last three decades, otolaryngology and head and neck oncological surgery have shown remarkable progress with the development of several modalities of endoscopic-assisted minimally invasive surgeries. More recently, the Da Vinci robotic surgery system has promoted the development of several surgical approaches with less morbidity and better cosmetic results, including the transaxillary and retroauricular approaches for thyroid surgery and neck dissections. In South America, there are several shortcomings regarding financial resources as well as the lack of support for innovation leading to a significant delay in adoption of numerous technological advances in medical practice...
June 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712737/pharmacists-can-help-prevent-lipoid-pneumonia
#8
Ann E Cabri, Afoma King, Lee Morrow, Mark A Malesker
OBJECTIVES: To report 2 cases of lipoid pneumonia. SUMMARY: Lipoid pneumonia is an inflammatory process in the lower airways due to the presence of lipid molecules in the alveoli. Exogenous lipoid pneumonia is due to the inhalation or aspiration of fat-containing substances. Historically, mineral oil is the most common medication cause but there have also been several reports of lipoid pneumonia associated with petroleum jelly, medicated vapor rub, and lip glosses...
July 14, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707638/mimicking-rashes-use-of-moulage-technique-in-undergraduate-assessment-at-the-aga-khan-university-karachi
#9
Saniya Raghib Sabzwari, Azam Afzal, Kashmira Nanji
BACKGROUND: The use of simulated patients in student assessment is supported by the Best Evidence Medical Education and U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, and it provides a safe and effective alternative to real patients in many situations. To assess the validity and feasibility of moulage technique-where a cosmetically constructed rash is used on simulated patients-two dermatologic rashes were developed using moulage simulation on standardized patients at Aga Khan University Hospital for 3rd year medical summative Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE)...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704073/transformative-possibilities-politics-and-cosmetic-surgery-in-the-bolivarian-revolution
#10
Lauren E Gulbas
I examine the intersection of politics and aesthetics in a public hospital in Caracas, Venezuela in the first years of the twenty-first century. Given Venezuela's longstanding embrace of physical enhancement and the contradictions of the medical values of cosmetic surgery with those of Bolivarian socialism, the changing surgical practices at a well-established public site offer a significant case for considering how different actors negotiate the dialectics of care. In the face of increasing resource shortages, negotiations of aesthetic care contributed to tensions in the clinical encounter as patients creatively pushed Bolivarian policies to support their pursuits of aesthetic self-improvement...
July 13, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699214/understanding-the-effects-of-topography-on-skin-moisturization-measurement-via-2-dimensional-capacitance-imaging
#11
J M Crowther
OBJECTIVE: Methods which assess skin moisturization based on changes in its electrical properties are widely used in both cosmetic and medical research industries. However the devices themselves often give results which are significantly different to each other. Recently 2 dimensional imaging moisturization systems have become commercially available, which have the capability to provide a more detailed assessment of what is contributing to measured skin moisturization. Presented here is a new in vitro method for preparing textured model test substrates for use with these devices, and results of their use to provide a clearer insight into the devices operation...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690515/a-case-of-facial-partial-unilateral-lentiginosis-treated-with-low-fluence-1-064-nm-q-switched-neodymium-doped-yttrium-aluminum-garnet-laser
#12
En Hyung Kim
Partial unilateral lentiginosis (PUL) is an unusual pigmentary disorder characterized by numerous lentigines grouped within an area of normal skin. Although treatment is not necessary, many patients with facial PUL seek medical help for cosmetic reasons. There is no established standard treatment for PUL. Conventional lasers may cause postinflammatory hyperpigmentation because keratinocytes are injured during the process. Also, scarring, long downtime, and pain are important issues. A 19-year-old patient with facial PUL was successfully treated with low-fluence 1,064-nm Q-switched neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (QS Nd:YAG) laser...
May 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682021/causes-and-surgical-outcomes-of-lower-eyelid-retraction
#13
Kun Hae Kim, Ji Sun Baek, Saem Lee, Jung Hye Lee, Hye Sun Choi, Sung Joo Kim, Jae Woo Jang
PURPOSE: To investigate the causes of lower eyelid retraction and evaluate the outcomes of various surgical procedures. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective medical record review of patients who underwent lower eyelid retraction surgery performed by a single surgeon at Kim's Eye Hospital between 2006 and 2013. We investigated the causes of lower eyelid retraction, clinical history, characteristics, treatment, and surgical outcomes. Preoperative and postoperative margin reflex distance 2 and inferior scleral show were measured for each eyelid...
July 4, 2017: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677199/acne
#14
Klaus Degitz, Falk Ochsendorf
Acne is a chronic disease with a high prevalence among adolescents. Key pathogenetic factors (and their clinical correlates) are increased sebum production (seborrhea), follicular hyperkeratosis (comedones), and perifollicular inflammation (papules and pustules). The disease is modulated by a variety of endogenous (androgens, IGF-1, neuroendocrine factors) and exogenous (Propionibacterium acnes, diet, friction, ingredients of medical or cosmetic topical products) triggers. Acne is associated with high morbidity, and even mild manifestations may potentially cause considerable impairment in quality of life...
July 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673419/preservatives-in-personal-hygiene-and-cosmetic-products-topical-medications-and-household-cleaners-in-spain
#15
María Antonia Pastor-Nieto, Francisco Alcántara-Nicolás, Virginia Melgar-Molero, Raquel Pérez-Mesonero, Aránzazu Vergara-Sánchez, Adriana Martín-Fuentes, Patricia González-Muñoz, Ester de Eusebio-Murillo
INTRODUCTION: Preservatives are added to cosmetic, household cleaning, and other industrial products to prevent the growth of microorganisms. Unfortunately, exposure to these substances can cause sensitization. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between January and June 2015, we analyzed the ingredients of 2300 products commercially available in Spain to identify the frequency of a wide variety of preservatives in different product categories. We analyzed 1093 skin care and cosmetic products sold exclusively in pharmacies (dermocosmetics), 458 household cleaning and personal hygiene and cosmetic products sold in supermarkets, 636 topical medications, and 113 cosmetic products sold in a herbal shop...
June 30, 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670358/aesthetic-treatment-of-bruxism
#16
REVIEW
Shino Bay Aguilera, Liza Brown, Viviana Andrea Perico
Bruxism is a diurnal or nocturnal parafunctional activity that includes unconscious clenching, grinding, or bracing of the teeth. An extensive medical history should be taken in these patients so proper diagnosis can be made. Habits such as biting the tongue, cheeks or lips, chewing gum or eating seeds for many hours per day, biting nails, and/or biting hard objects, will cause and/or exacerbate pre-existing bruxism. The etiology of bruxism is uncertain, but it is hypothesized to be associated with genetic, structural, and psychosocial factors...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666611/treatment-of-xanthelasma-palpebrarum-with-a-1064-nm-q-switched-nd-yag-laser
#17
Jun Khee Heng, Sze Hon Chua, Chee Leok Goh, Suzanne Cheng, Virlynn Tan, Wee Ping Tan
BACKGROUND: Xanthelasma palpebrarum is the most common cutaneous xanthoma characterized by soft, yellow papules or plaques that arise on the periorbital skin. As these lesions can be cosmetically disfiguring, many patients seek medical help to remove these lesions. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness and minimum number of treatment sessions with a 1064-nm, Q-switched neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser for the treatment of xanthelasma. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with xanthelasma consecutively treated with Q-switched Nd:YAG laser was conducted...
June 27, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664348/paravertebral-blocks-for-same-day-breast-surgery
#18
REVIEW
Mark R Jones, Graham R Hadley, Alan D Kaye, Philipp Lirk, Richard D Urman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Breast surgery, performed for medical or cosmetic reasons, remains one of the most frequently performed procedures, with over 500,000 cases performed annually in the USA alone. Historically, general anesthesia (GA) has been widely accepted as the gold-standard technique, while epidural anesthesia was largely considered too invasive and thus unnecessary for breast surgery. Over the past years, paravertebral block (PVB) has emerged as an alternative analgesic or even anesthetic technique...
August 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662301/multiple-miliary-osteoma-cutis-an-overlooked-dermatosis
#19
B Duarte, R R Pinheiro, J Cabete
A 63-year-old, skin type V woman presented with a 3-year history of multiple asymptomatic papules on the face, which were slowly increasing in number and causing cosmetic concerns. These lesions had been interpreted as adult acne, and for the past two years she had been treated with topical and systemic retinoids and submitted to a salicylic acid peel without benefit. She had no prior history of acne and her medical past was unremarkable. Regular medication or other facial treatments were denied. This article is protected by copyright...
June 29, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660210/kinetics-of-tyrosinase-inhibitory-activity-using-vitis-vinifera-leaf-extracts
#20
Yung-Sheng Lin, Hui-Ju Chen, Jung-Ping Huang, Pei-Chi Lee, Ching-Ru Tsai, Tzu-Fang Hsu, Wen-Ying Huang
Natural medical plant is considered as a good source of tyrosinase inhibitors. Red vine leaf extract (RVLE) can be applied to a wide variety of medical disciplines, such as treatments for chronic venous insufficiency over many decades. This study investigated the tyrosinase inhibitory activity of RVLE containing gallic acid, chlorogenic acid, epicatechin, rutin, and resveratrol which are effective for skin hyperpigmentation. The five components contents are 1.03, 0.2, 18.55, 6.45, and 0.48 mg/g for gallic acid, chlorogenic acid, epicatechin, rutin, and resveratrol...
2017: BioMed Research International
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