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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131778/adventures-and-misadventures-in-plastic-surgery-and-soft-tissue-implants
#1
Dana J Lin, Tony T Wong, Gina A Ciavarra, Jonathan K Kazam
Soft-tissue augmentation and implants are increasingly seen by the radiologist as more techniques emerge for a variety of indications and locations. Some surgical and implant procedures are performed for purely cosmetic reasons in otherwise healthy patients seeking to improve their body image, and some are performed for reconstruction after cancer or other chronic illnesses. Abdominoplasty, liposuction, and autologous fat grafting can be performed for abdominal and gluteal contouring. Injection of liquid injectable silicone has historically been fraught with legal issues, although it continues to be used for augmentation in a variety of anatomic locations...
November 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126512/what-is-an-endocrine-disruptor
#2
Claude Monneret
Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and potential EDCs are mostly man-made found in various materials. By interfering with the body's endocrine system, endocrine disruptors produce adverse developmental, reproductive, neurological, and immune effects in humans, abnormal growth patterns and neurodevelopmental delays in children. Thus, diethylstilbestrol (DES) a non-steroidal estrogen, which is regarded as a proof of concept, induces clear cell carcinoma among young women. EDCS may be found in plastic bottles and metal food cans (BPA), medical devices (phthalates), detergents, flame retardants (polybrominated diphenyl ethers), food (BPA), toys (phthalates), cosmetics and drugs (parabens), and pesticides (alkyl phenols such as nonylphenol)...
September 2017: Comptes Rendus Biologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122535/limited-output-transcranial-electrical-stimulation-lotes-2017-engineering-principles-regulatory-statutes-and-industry-standards-for-wellness-over-the-counter-or-prescription-devices-with-low-risk
#3
Marom Bikson, Bhaskar Paneri, Andoni Mourdoukoutas, Zeinab Esmaeilpour, Bashar W Badran, Robin Azzam, Devin Adair, Abhishek Datta, Xiao Hui Fang, Brett Wingeier, Daniel Chao, Miguel Alonso-Alonso, Kiwon Lee, Helena Knotkova, Adam J Woods, David Hagedorn, Doug Jeffery, James Giordano, William J Tyler
We present device standards for low-power non-invasive electrical brain stimulation devices classified as limited output transcranial electrical stimulation (tES). Emerging applications of limited output tES to modulate brain function span techniques to stimulate brain or nerve structures, including transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS), and transcranial pulsed current stimulation (tPCS), have engendered discussion on how access to technology should be regulated...
October 17, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122454/ayurveda-formulations-a-roadmap-to-address-the-safety-concerns
#4
Kishor Patwardhan, Jigyasa Pathak, Rabinarayan Acharya
It is a matter of serious concern that the number of case reports pointing at a possible association between the clinical toxicity and the use of Ayurveda formulations is increasing significantly over the years in scientific medical literature. Though most of these cases are connected with the presence of heavy metals such as lead, mercury and arsenic in these formulations, there are also reports suggesting toxicity due to the presence of toxic chemicals of herbal origin. In the year 2008, the Government of India took an initiative of establishing the National Pharmacovigilance Programme for Ayurveda, Siddha and Unani drugs in a structured way...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118543/laser-induced-synlabia-cryptomenorrhea-and-urine-retention-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Thoraya Fadul-Elahi, Nusrat Batool Janjua
Cosmetic laser use has many pros and cons. The worldwide use of laser for body hair removal has led to many medical complications. Unsupervised use of the laser for hair removal in vulva may result in many problems and can merely damage the vulva, although rarely, affecting the body image. This rare and novel case report is a 21 year old virgin who presented with acute urinary retention and cryptomenorrhea due to complete synlabia secondary to unsupervised vulval laser hair removal. The urinary retention was relieved by suprapubic catheterization initially...
October 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118363/influence-of-hydrocarbon-oil-structure-on-adjuvanticity-and-autoimmunity
#6
Anthony C Y Yau, Erik Lönnblom, Jianghong Zhong, Rikard Holmdahl
Mineral oils are extensively used in our daily life, in food, cosmetics, biomedicine, vaccines and in different industrial applications. However, exposure to these mineral oils has been associated with immune adjuvant effects and the development of autoimmune diseases. Here we investigate the structural impacts of the hydrocarbon oil molecules on their adjuvanticity and autoimmunity. First, we showed that hydrocarbon oil molecules with small atomic differences could result in experimental arthritis in DA rats differing in disease severity, incidence, weight change and serum levels of acute phase proteins...
November 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117293/patient-satisfaction-with-an-early-smartphone-based-cosmetic-surgery-postoperative-follow-up
#7
Edoardo Dalla Pozza, Gehaan F D'Souza, Anthony DeLeonibus, Brianna Fabiani, Bahar Bassiri Gharb, James E Zins
Background: While prevalent in everyday life, smartphones are also finding increasing use as a medical care adjunct. The use of smartphone technology as a postoperative cosmetic surgery adjunct for care has received little attention in the literature. Objectives: The purpose of this effort was to assess the potential efficacy of a smartphone-based cosmetic surgery early postoperative follow-up program. Specifically, could smartphone photography provided by the patient to the plastic surgeon in the first few days after surgery allay patient's concerns, improve the postoperative experience and, possibly, detect early complications? Methods: From August 2015 to March 2016 a smartphone-based postoperative protocol was established for patients undergoing cosmetic procedures...
June 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114900/standing-thyroidectomy-in-10-horses
#8
Marco Marcatili, Sarah J Voss, Patrick J Pollock
OBJECTIVE: To describe a surgical technique for thyroidectomy in horses with thyroid neoplasia under standing sedation and local anesthesia. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: Client-owned horses (n = 10). METHODS: Medical records of horses with a history of thyroid enlargement were included in the study if thyroid gland enlargement was treated surgically via hemi- or bilateral thyroidectomy, with the horse standing and sedated...
November 8, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113649/endoscopic-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-and-endoscopic-axillary-lymphadenectomy-without-liposuction-in-patients-with-early-stage-breast-cancer
#9
Jing Fang, Li Ma, Yong-Hui Zhang, Zheng-Jun Yang, Yue Yu, Xu-Chen Cao
BACKGROUND: Our purpose was to present a new method of endoscopic sentinel lymph node biopsy (ESLNB) and endoscopic axillary lymphadenectomy (EALND) without liposuction for treating early-stage breast cancer, and compare results with traditional open dissection. METHODS: The medical records of patients with early-stage breast cancer who underwent EALND/ESLNB without liposuction or traditional open dissection between March 2015 and September 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
December 2017: Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108549/combination-therapy-for-male-cosmetic-patients
#10
REVIEW
Michael H Gold
This article reviews the most common male cosmetic procedures that are performed in combination with more than one procedure. Evidence-based medicine for many of these combination therapies is not rampant in the medical literature, but the author uses his current experience to share how combining therapies can be useful for our male population seeking cosmetic improvements in our offices.
January 2018: Dermatologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102368/-body-dysmorphic-disorder-future-prospects-of-medical-care
#11
E Siegfried, A Ayrolles, H Rahioui
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by excessive preoccupation with a slight or imagined defect in one's physical appearance, believing they look ugly, abnormal or deformed. While the most common preoccupations focus on the skin, hair and nose, any part of the body may be involved. Preoccupations are intrusive, time-consuming and hard to control. Repetitive behaviors are performed in response to the preoccupations. BDD is associated with marked impairment in socio-professional functioning, poor quality of life and high suicide rates...
November 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096852/therapeutic-plasma-exchange-in-a-rare-case-myasthenic-crisis-after-botox-injection
#12
Azita Chegini
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Botulinum toxin (Botox) injections are used as a cosmetic treatment to decrease wrinkles in face and chin. Being a neurotoxic agent it minimizes muscle activity, while side effects are usually rare. This article subsequently presents one case of these rare effects. CASE: A 30-year-old woman presenting with ptosis, diplopia, dysarthria, dysphagia and muscle weakness was admitted to our hospital. She had no history of disease. For cosmetic reasons, she had three Botox injections during the preceding months...
November 2017: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084148/neurophysiological-measures-of-efficacy-and-safety-for-botulinum-toxin-injection-in-facial-and-bulbar-muscles-special-considerations
#13
REVIEW
Mohammad Alimohammadi, Anna Rostedt Punga
Botulinum toxin (BoNT) injections into facial and bulbar muscles are widely and increasingly used as medical treatments for cervical and facial dystonia, facial hemispasm, correction of facial palsy, hyperhidrosis, as well as cosmetic treatment of glabellar lines associated with grief and anger. Although BoNT treatment is generally considered safe, the diffusion of the toxin to surrounding muscles may result in complications, including difficulties swallowing, in a dose-dependent manner. The sensitivity of clinical examination for detecting adverse events after BoNT treatment is limited...
October 30, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082850/subxiphoid-uniportal-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-synchronous-bilateral-lung-resection
#14
Xueying Yang, Linlin Wang
OBJECTIVES: With advancements in medical imaging and current emphasis on regular physical examinations, multiple pulmonary lesions increasingly are being detected, including bilateral pulmonary lesions. Video-assisted thoracic surgery is an important method for treating such lesions. Most of video-assisted thoracic surgeries for bilateral pulmonary lesions were two separate operations. Herein, we report a novel technique of synchronous subxiphoid uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery for bilateral pulmonary lesions...
October 30, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076466/-a-supraorbital-trans-eyebrow-approach-in-surgery-of-chiasmatic-sellar-and-anterior-cranial-fossa-tumors
#15
A G Alekseev, A A Pichugin, V I Danilov
OBJECTIVE: to analyze 31 resections of chiasmatic-sellar region (CSR) and anterior cranial fossa (ACF) tumors using the supraorbital trans-eyebrow approach (STA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed medical histories of 31 patients who underwent tumor resection using STA in the period between October 2013 and April 2017. We analyzed the age and gender of patients, size and location of the tumor, presence of a neurological deficit, vision and olfactory functions before and after surgery, surgery duration, amount of intraoperative blood loss, rate of frontal sinus trephination and nasal liquorrhea, hemorrhagic and ischemic complications after surgery, Simpson grade of tumor resection, patient's condition before and after surgery (Glasgow Outcome Scale and Karnofsky Scale), and degree of patient satisfaction with the cosmetic result of surgery...
2017: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067471/the-incidence-of-psychiatric-medication-use-and-its-effect-on-intraoperative-bleeding-in-facial-cosmetic-patients
#16
Donald Harvey, Ayesha Punjabi, Haruko Okada, Samantha Zwiebel, Hooman Riazi, Bahman Guyuron
PURPOSE: Psychiatric medications, particularly the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, have been associated with increased surgical bleeding. This study aims to compare intraoperative surgical bleeding between cosmetic surgery patients who are and are not taking psychiatric medications. METHODS: The charts of 392 consecutive patients who underwent cosmetic facial surgery at the senior author's practice were reviewed. Independent variables included self-reported psychiatric history, psychiatric diagnoses, and psychiatric medications as documented in the preoperative history and physical examination...
October 24, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064881/propylene-glycol-in-contact-dermatitis-a-systematic-review
#17
Maria A McGowan, Andrew Scheman, Sharon E Jacob
Propylene glycol (PG), an emollient and emulsifier found in cosmetics, medications, and food, has been granted the dubious honor of being named the American Contact Dermatitis Society's Allergen of the Year for 2018. Contact, systemic, and irritant cutaneous reactions have been documented for PG, which has become an increasingly common ingredient. Propylene glycol is as contentious as it is ubiquitous because it acts as both a weak sensitizer and an irritant, confounding the results of positive patch tests...
October 23, 2017: Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064431/release-behavior-and-antibacterial-activity-of-chitosan-alginate-blends-with-aloe-vera-and-silver-nanoparticles
#18
Luisa Fernanda Gómez Chabala, Claudia Elena Echeverri Cuartas, Martha Elena Londoño López
Aloe vera is a perennial plant employed for medical, pharmaceutical and cosmetic purposes that is rich in amino acids, enzymes, vitamins and polysaccharides, which are responsible for its therapeutic properties. Incorporating these properties into a biopolymer film obtained from alginate and chitosan allowed the development of a novel wound dressing with antibacterial capacity and healing effects to integrate the antibacterial capacity of silver nanoparticles with the healing and emollient properties of Aloe vera gel...
October 24, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062658/cosmetic-surgery-training-in-plastic-surgery-residency-programs
#19
Colton H L McNichols, Silviu Diaconu, Sara Alfadil, Jhade Woodall, Michael Grant, Scott Lifchez, Arthur Nam, Yvonne Rasko
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, plastic surgery programs have continued to evolve with the addition of 1 year of training, increase in the minimum number of required aesthetic cases, and the gradual replacement of independent positions with integrated ones. To evaluate the impact of these changes on aesthetic training, a survey was sent to residents and program directors. METHODS: A 37 question survey was sent to plastic surgery residents at all Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-approved plastic surgery training programs in the United States...
September 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060965/-clinical-retrospective-control-study-of-single-port-laparoendoscopic-and-multi-port-laparoscopic-ovarian-cystectomy
#20
X Liu, M K Wen, H Y Liu, D W Sun, J H Lang, Q B Fan, H H Shi
Objective: To investigate clinical outcomes of laparoendoscopic single-site ovarian cystectomy compared with traditional multi-port laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy. Methods: Data of 81 patients with ovarian cystectomy from January 2016 to May 2017, the single-site group (n=40) and the multi-port group (n=41) in Peking Union Medical College Hospital were retrospectively collected. The outcomes of single-site and multi-port groups were analyzed and compared, including: postoperative fever, operation time, blood loss, hemoglobin change, surgical complications, postoperative pain score, postoperative analgesic requirements, body image scale and cosmetic score, length of hospital stay, postoperative total cost...
October 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
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