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medical cosmetic

Jason Talmadge, Robin High, William Wesley Heckman
IMPORTANCE: Spreader grafts are commonly used for nasal valve stenosis. There is debate among practitioners regarding the optimal approach for spreader graft placement. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether an endonasal spreader graft placement leads to equivalent postoperative outcomes using a standardized nasal obstruction symptom score and whether there is a significant difference in operative time between the 2 approaches. DESIGN: A retrospective review of functional rhinoplasties by a single facial plastic surgeon over a 2-year period was conducted...
March 13, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Joseph J Knapik, Sheryl A Bedno
Surveys indicated that 24% of military personnel are current cigarette smokers. Smoking is well known to increase the risk of cancers, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, reproductive problems, and other medical maladies, but one of the little known effects of smoking is that on injuries. There is considerable evidence from a variety of sources that (1) smoking increases overall injury risk, (2) the greater the amount of smoking, the higher is the injury risk, and (3) smoking is an independent injury risk factor...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
E de Vries, Y Misirli, T Nijsten, L M Hollestein
The incidence of Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) rises by 5% per decade in the Netherlands (1), representing an important burden on the health care system and dermatologists' workload (2,3). There is no evidence that intensive follow-up results in better outcomes (burden of disease, cosmetic results) in patients with low risk BCCs (4-6). According to the Dutch BCC guideline, follow-up after treatment is not indicated for patients with a low risk BCC (7), but patients may come for follow-up more frequently for various reasons (4,7,8)...
March 10, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Kathryn A Martin, R Rox Anderson, R Jeffrey Chang, David A Ehrmann, Rogerio A Lobo, M Hassan Murad, Michel M Pugeat, Robert L Rosenfield
Objective: To update the "Evaluation and Treatment of Hirsutism in Premenopausal Women: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline," published by the Endocrine Society in 2008. Participants: The participants include an Endocrine Society-appointed task force of seven medical experts and a methodologist. Evidence: This evidence-based guideline was developed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system to describe the strength of recommendations and the quality of evidence...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Fatuma Felix Felician, Chunlei Xia, Weiyan Qi, Hanmei Xu
Collagen is the most studied protein with a wide range of applications including pharmaceutical, biomedical, cosmetics, leather and film industries due to its special characteristics that are high biocompatibility, good bioactivity, and weak antigenicity. Although collagen sources are abundant, the outbreak of varied diseases among land animals posed threat to its utilization in our daily life. Thus, a probe for an alternative source began, which in turn revealed the immense untapped marine sources, such as fish, jellyfish, and some marine Mammals...
March 9, 2018: Chemistry & Biodiversity
Caitlin G Robinson, Kory R Lee, Valencia D Thomas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Elephantiasis nostras verrucosa (ENV) is a disfiguring skin condition that is difficult to treat. Existing treatment modalities serve to improve cosmesis or treat symptoms. Herein, we report a case of ENV with lymphocutaneous fistula successfully treated with ablative carbon dioxide laser. STUDY DESIGN/PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 57-year-old woman with biopsy-proven ENV with lymphocutaneous fistula was treated with ablative carbon dioxide laser to the symptomatic area of her right thigh in 3 treatment sessions over 6 months...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Claire Adams, Anna Stears, David Savage, Christi Deaton
AIMS: To evaluate the impact of lipodystrophy on body image and how this affects patients' daily lives. BACKGROUND: Lipodystrophy refers to a group of rare conditions characterised by generalised or partial lack of body fat and is associated with severe metabolic problems e.g. severe insulin resistance, diabetes and pancreatitis. In addition to its metabolic effect, lack of adipose tissue may have a major impact on appearance and cause distressing physical changes...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
A d'Alessandro, N Kari, A Alameh, N Pasquier, A Tarhini, B Vinson Bonnet, R Noun, E Chouillard
BACKGROUND: The umbilicus, an embryological natural orifice, is increasingly used as the only access route during single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) for colorectal disease. As a part of some of these procedures, a temporary, diverting ostomy could be exteriorized through the umbilicus itself. Theoretical advantages include better preservation of the abdominal wall and potentially superior cosmetic results. The aim of the present study was to evaluate our preliminary experience in SILS colorectal resection with umbilical stoma (u-stoma)...
March 6, 2018: Techniques in Coloproctology
Reza M Robati, Fatemeh Moeineddin, Mina Almasi-Nasrabadi
Background: As the number of patients using dermal filler for face augmentation increases, the number of adverse events associated with injection may increase. Unpredictable repositioning of blood vessels and a more tenuous blood supply in the operated nose may increase the risk of ischemia, necrosis and vascular embolism following the filler injection. Objectives: To highlight the importance of the patient's history of previous cosmetic procedures including rhinoplasty in the emergence of vascular complications...
January 11, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Roman Holic, Yang Xu, Kristian Mark P Caldo, Stacy D Singer, Catherine J Field, Randall J Weselake, Guanqun Chen
Punicic acid (PuA; 18: 3Δ9cis,11trans,13cis ) is an unusual 18-carbon fatty acid bearing three conjugated double bonds. It has been shown to exhibit a myriad of beneficial bioactivities including anti-cancer, anti-diabetes, anti-obesity, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties. Pomegranate (Punica granatum) seed oil contains approximately 80% PuA and is currently the major natural source of this remarkable fatty acid. While both PuA and pomegranate seed oil have been used as functional ingredients in foods and cosmetics for some time, their value in pharmaceutical/medical and industrial applications are presently under further exploration...
March 3, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Blake Murdoch, Amy Zarzeczny, Timothy Caulfield
OBJECTIVE: To identify the frequency and qualitative characteristics of stem cell-related marketing claims made on websites of clinics featuring common types of complementary and alternative medicine practitioners. The involvement of complementary and alternative medicine practitioners in the marketing of stem cell therapies and stem cell-related interventions is understudied. This research explores the extent to which they are involved and collaborate with medical professionals. This knowledge will help with identifying and evaluating potential policy responses to this growing market...
February 28, 2018: BMJ Open
Harald Dobnig, Karin Amrein
Background Monopolar radiofrequency ablation is currently deemed an exotic treatment option for benign thyroid nodules in many central European countries. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate safety and efficacy of this method in a large patient cohort following its introduction in Austria. Patients and methods Peri- and post-interventional complications were analyzed for 277 patients. Efficacy was determined for 300 and 154 nodules at, respectively, 3 and 12 months post-treatment. All treatments were performed with an internally-cooled 18G radiofrequency electrode using a free-hand, so-called "moving-shot" technique following subcutaneous and local perithyroidal anesthesia...
February 28, 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Sascha Siebenhaller, Julian Gentes, Alba Infantes, Claudia Muhle-Goll, Frank Kirschhöfer, Gerald Brenner-Weiß, Katrin Ochsenreither, Christoph Syldatk
Honey and agave syrup are high quality natural products and consist of more than 80% sugars. They are used as sweeteners, and are ingredients of cosmetics or medical ointments. Furthermore, both have low water content, are often liquid at room temperature and resemble some known sugar-based deep eutectic solvents (DES). Since it has been shown that it is possible to synthesize sugar esters in these DESs, in the current work honey or, as vegan alternative, agave syrup are used simultaneously as solvent and substrate for the enzymatic sugar ester production...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
Mei-Fang Wang, Li Wang, Lin-Feng Li
Hyperkeratosis of the nipple and areola is an uncommon dermatosis without well-defined etiology, which occurs mostly in young women and may only be a cosmetic problem. In 1938, Levy-Frankel classified this disease into three variants; type I involves hyperkeratosis with an epidermal nevus, and has rarely been reported. We report a case of a 23-year-old woman with long-term bilateral pigmentation and thickening of the nipples and areolae, accompanied with dark brown, flat lesions with a linear distribution on her left forearm...
February 28, 2018: Postgraduate Medicine
Abdulrahman M Nasiri, Nora Rayes, Khaled A Bakarman
INTRODUCTION: Aneurysm is a localized dilatation of an artery of at least 1.5 times the normal diameter that occurs when part of an artery wall weakens or is injured, allowing it to widen abnormally. In practice, an arterial aneurysm is more common in comparison to a venous aneurysm. Because of the rare incidence of venous aneurysms, treatment guidelines are not clearly established and thus treatment strategies vary. This is a case of a 57-year-old Saudi woman, with no significant medical history, who presented to Prince Sultan Military Hospital complaining of swelling in the right side of the neck that started 3 years ago...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
E Forbat, F R Ali, F Al-Niaimi
Whilst the use of isotretinoin has revolutionized the treatment of acne vulgaris, isotretinoin is increasingly recognized as a useful therapeutic option for many other cutaneous conditions. We review the evidence underlying the use of isotretinoin for a variety of dermatological indications including hidradenitis suppurativa, sebaceous gland pathology, rosacea, scarring alopecia, cosmetic dermatology and non-melanoma skin cancer prophylaxis amongst other uses, and thus consider alternative uses within dermatology practice...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
Chao Shang, Yongkui Zhang, Xue You, Nihong Guo, Yang Wang, Yang Fan, Wenbin Liu
Tyrosinase is a ubiquitous enzyme that plays an essential role in the production of melanin. Effective inhibitors of tyrosinase have extensive applications in the medical, cosmetic and food industries. In this study, a combination of enzyme kinetics, ultraviolet (UV)-visible absorption, fluorescence spectroscopic techniques and a computational simulation method was used to characterize the inhibitory mechanism of 7,8,4´-trihydroxyflavone on tyrosinase. 7,8,4´-Trihydroxyflavone was found to strongly inhibit the oxidation of l-DOPA by tyrosinase with an IC50 value of 10...
February 26, 2018: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
Ryan B Thorpe, Rajiv I Nijhawan, Divya Srivastava
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The V-to-Y advancement flap, also known as the island pedicle flap, is a single-stage repair option that can be used for defects on the distal nose. We report our experience using this flap for nasal defects following Mohs micrographic surgery, as well as describe optimal patient selection and flap design. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of all patient charts and operative photographs of nasal V-to-Y advancement flaps performed over 6 years at the Universtiy of Texas Southwestern Medical Center...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Ming-Yeh Yang, Kai-Chih Chang, Liang-Yu Chen, Po-Ching Wang, Chih-Chiang Chou, Zhong-Bin Wu, Anren Hu
Photodynamic inactivation (PDI) is a non-invasive and safe therapeutic method for microbial infections. Bacterial antibiotic resistance is caused by antibiotics abuse. Drug-resistant Acinetobacter spp. is a serious problem in hospitals around the world. These pathogens from nosocomial infections have high mortality rates in frailer people, and Acinetobacter spp. is commonly found in immunocompromised patients. Visible light is safer than ultraviolet light (UV) for PDI of nosocomial pathogens with mammalian cells...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Talayesa Buntinx-Krieg, Joseph Caravaglio, Renee Domozych, Robert P Dellavalle
Platforms of social media, including the website Reddit, have become increasingly popular sites for users to communicate medical information. A study investigating dermatology content on Reddit has not been performed in the current literature. The purpose of this study is to enumerate the dermatology subreddits, quantify subscribers, and characterize posts to estimate the presence of dermatology-related content on Reddit. A Reddit search of the fourteen most common skin diseases globally was performed. Additionally, the terms "dermatology", and "skin" were searched in order to identify more subreddits relevant to the field...
July 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
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