Read by QxMD icon Read

medical cosmetic

Ana Karen Medina Lira, Argenis Jose Mayorga Soto, Pamela Frigerio
BACKGROUND: Choledochal cyst is a congenital dilatation of the biliary tree. It may affect only the extrahepatic bile duct (type I, II and III), intrahepatic (type V) or both (type IVa). Vater first described choledochal cyst in 1723. Open excision was the standard procedure made a great impact in the treatment but since 1995 Farello et al. first reported laparoscopic choledochal cyst excision and this has been used worldwide. CASE REPORT: Female, 17 years old, past medical history two years ago a laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gallbladders...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Monique Vanaman Wilson, Sabrina Guillen Fabi, Ryan Greene
Importance: The pivotal approval trial for a smooth, highly cohesive, viscous, 20-mg/mL hyaluronic acid filler demonstrated sustained aesthetic improvement, with a mean injection volume of 6.65 mL. In daily practice, however, it is not often practical or necessary to use large injection volumes to achieve the desired cosmetic outcome. Objective: To assess the efficacy, longevity, and patient satisfaction associated with correction of age-related midface volume loss using the low volumes of hyaluronic acid filler more commonly used in day-to-day practice...
October 20, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
Taoran Jiang, Yun Xie, Ming Zhu, Peijuan Zhao, Zhuxin Chen, Chen Cheng, Rulin Huang, Kai Liu, Qingfeng Li
BACKGROUND: Patients with congenital or acquired deformities always need fat graft at least twice to remodel facial contour. The purpose of this study was to objectively evaluate the outcomes of the first and second fat grafts for Romberg syndrome by using three-dimensional (3D) volumetric analysis. METHOD: A retrospective study was conducted using the medical records of 13 patients with Romberg disease who were treated with fat graft twice for facial filling. Patient and surgeon satisfactions were evaluated by comparing the preoperative and postoperative two-dimensional (2D) photographs...
July 2, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
E McGillicuddy, I Murray, S Kavanagh, L Morrison, A Fogarty, M Cormican, P Dockery, M Prendergast, N Rowan, D Morris
The environmental impact of silver nanoparticles (AgNP) has become a topic of interest recently, this is due to the fact that AgNPs have been included in numerous consumer products including textiles, medical products, domestic appliances, food containers, cosmetics, paints and nano-functionalised plastics. The production, use and disposal of these AgNP containing products are potential routes for environmental exposure. These concerns have led to a number of studies investigating the release of particles from nano-functionalised products, the detection of the particles in the aquatic environment and the potential environmental toxicology of these AgNPs to aquatic organisms...
October 12, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
David Romero-Pérez, Isabel Betlloch-Mas, Belén Encabo-Durán
BACKGROUND: Onychocryptosis or ingrown toenail is a common condition for which there are several treatment options. Surgical matricectomy (SM) is the classical procedure, whereas chemical matricectomy with phenol (CMP) is the most widely used nowadays. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the success rate, postoperative comfort, postoperative complications, and patient satisfaction provided by each of these procedures. METHODS: A retrospective study of all patients who underwent surgery for ingrown toenail over a 5-year period was performed...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Dermatology
(no author information available yet)
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or Agency) is amending its regulations on the definition of a custom device so as to include new enumerated statutory requirements for custom devices under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act) as amended by the Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act (FDASIA). This new provision, under FDASIA, amends the existing custom device exemption and introduces new concepts and procedures applicable to custom devices. This action is being taken to align the regulations with the FD&C Act...
October 12, 2016: Federal Register
Niki Baccile, Anne-Sophie Cuvier, Sylvain Prévost, Christian V Stevens, Elisabeth Delbeke, Jan Berton, Wim Soetaert, Inge N A Van Bogaert, Sophie Roelants
A set of four structurally related glycolipids are described: two of them have one glucose unit connected to either stearic or oleic acid, and two other ones have a diglucose headgroup (sophorose) similarly connected to either stearic or oleic acid. The self-assembly properties of these compounds, poorly known, are important to know due to their use in various fields of application from cleaning to cosmetics to medical. At basic pH, they all form mainly small micellar aggregates. At acidic pH, the oleic and stearic derivatives of the monoglucose form, respectively, vesicles and bilayer, while the same derivatives of the sophorose headgroup form micelles and twisted ribbons...
October 12, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Yair Shachar, Allan Billig, Katya Chapchay, Jhonatan Elia, Neta Adler, Alexander Margulis
BACKGROUND: Large congenital melanocytic nevi entail significant medical and cosmetic ramifications for patients and families. Reconstruction is a challenging endeavor, especially when the lesion is present on the limbs. The literature describes various methods by which a plastic surgeon can address reconstruction; yet, to date, there has been no series describing a method that provides consistent results with low complication rates. In this study, we describe our surgical technique for reconstruction of the upper extremity after excision of large circumferential CNM with a pre-expanded bi-pedicled flap, namely the "sleeve" flap...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Maryam Akaberi, Zahra Sobhani, Behjat Javadi, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Seyed Ahmad Emami
Traditional medicine is a useful guide in medical sciences. In the Islamic Iranian traditional medicine, the medicinal properties of many plants have been mentioned that could be exploited in drug discovery. We aimed to explore the nature and properties of Aloe spp. As described in some major Islamic traditional texts including Ferdows al-Hekmah fi'l-Tibbe (The Paradise of Wisdom in Medicine), Al-Hawi fi'l-Tibb (Comprehensive Book of Medicine), Kamel al-Sanaat al-Tibbyyah (Complete Book of the Medical Art), Al-Qanun fi'l-Tibb (Canon of Medicine), Zakhireh Kharazmshahi (Treasure of Kharazmshah), and Makhzan al-Adwiah (Drug Treasure), and assess the conformity of traditional medicine instructions with the findings of modern pharmacological studies...
October 4, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Sandi Berwick, Áine Humble
Seven women (43 to 64 years old) who had negative or mixed emotions about having Botox and/or facial filler injections to the face to reduce signs of aging were interviewed about the impact of the procedures. Impacts ranged from disappointment to all-encompassing, lingering physical and psychological effects, and some women felt abandoned by the medical industrial complex when they turned to it for help with their symptoms. A feminist phenomenological analysis focused on corporeal, temporal, and relational existential modes of being...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Women & Aging
Gregory Tsoucalas, Markos Sgantzos
Paul of Aegina lived in a era when the preservation of the ancient Greek tradition was for him almost a necessity. Eager to follow the dogma of "oρθoπo(ε)δώ" (orthopodo: pace with no malformation), he introduced a series of surgical operations of reconstructive-cosmetic-plastic-orthopaedic nature to confront any disfiguration of the human body. The aim of our study is to present the atmosphere of the era concerning the congenital malformations, describe briefly Paul's contribution on classic orthopaedics and present his views on the preternatural fingers...
October 7, 2016: International Orthopaedics
Ye Zhu, Jianhua Sun, Chenglin Yi, Wei Wei, Xiaoya Liu
In this study, a one-step generation of stable multiple Pickering emulsions using pH-responsive polymeric nanoparticles as the only emulsifier was reported. The polymeric nanoparticles were self-assembled from an amphiphilic random copolymer poly(dodecyl acrylate-co-acrylic acid) (PDAA), and the effect of the copolymer content on the size and morphology of PDAA nanoparticles was determined by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The emulsification study of PDAA nanoparticles revealed that multiple Pickering emulsions could be generated through a one-step phase inversion process by using PDAA nanoparticles as the stabilizer...
September 13, 2016: Soft Matter
Helena Knopf-Marques, Martin Pravda, Lucie Wolfova, Vladimir Velebny, Pierre Schaaf, Nihal Engin Vrana, Philippe Lavalle
As an Extracellular Matrix (ECM) component, Hyaluronic acid (HA) plays a multi-faceted role in cell migration, proliferation and differentiation at micro level and system level events such as tissue water homeostasis. Among its biological functions, it is known to interact with cytokines and contribute to their retention in ECM microenvironment. In addition to its biological functions, it has advantageous physical properties which result in the industrial endeavors in the synthesis and extraction of HA for variety of applications ranging from medical to cosmetic...
October 6, 2016: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Renata Rivera-Madrid, Margarita Aguilar-Espinosa, Yair Cárdenas-Conejo, Luz E Garza-Caligaris
Bixa orellana (family Bixaceae) is a neotropical fast growing perennial tree of great agro-industrial value because its seeds have a high carotenoid content, mainly bixin. It has been used since pre-colonial times as a culinary colorant and spice, and for healing purposes. It is currently used as a natural pigment in the food, in pharmaceutical, and cosmetic industries, and it is commercially known as annatto. Recently, several studies have addressed the biological and medical properties of this natural pigment, both as potential source of new drugs or because its ingestion as a condiment or diet supplement may protect against several diseases...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
H Yang, Q Y Wu, C S Lao, M Y Li, Y Gao, Y Zheng, B Shi
Silica (SiO2) nanoparticles are being progressively applied in various applications, including cosmetics, food technology, and medical diagnostics. Although crystalline SiO2 is a known carcinogen, the carcinogenicity of SiO2 nanoparticles remains unclear. Here, we assessed the cytotoxic effects and DNA injury induced by exposure to various dosages of SiO2 nanoparticles at 0-2400 mg/mL (0-3200 mg/mL microscale SiO2 as positive control) for 24 h using RAW264.7 cells, followed by methyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay...
August 30, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Fabrizio De Biasio, Nicola Zingaretti, Andrea Marchesi, Luca Vaienti, Daria Almesberger, Pier Camillo Parodi
BACKGROUND: Quadrantectomy is an oncologically safe procedure for the treatment of early-stage breast cancer, but it often results in poor aesthetic outcomes such as breast shape deformity, which is more visible if the tumour is located in the lower pole. We recommend the use of the transverse incision, which retains the oncological advantages of the quadrantectomy while leading to better aesthetical results. METHOD: We evaluated the clinical results of 24 patients with breast cancer who underwent quadrantectomy of the lower breast pole and volume replacement with remodelling through three posterior scorings from January 2012 to January 2014, with cosmetic evaluations performed according to the criteria set by the Japanese Breast Cancer Society...
October 4, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Dan Li, Shi-Bin Lin, Biao Cheng
BACKGROUND: For 20 years, intense pulsed light (IPL) technology has been used to treat various medical problems. IPL has since developed rapidly, becoming popular among patients worldwide. Recently, IPL has been used mainly for cosmetic purposes. Researchers are constantly seeking new applications of IPL to meet the increasing needs of patients. OBJECTIVE: This review summarizes the development of IPL devices, discusses the current literature on the clinical application of IPL to increase our understanding of IPL, and provides guidance for broadening its clinical applications...
October 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Aditya K Gupta, Kelly A Foley, Deanne Daigle
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that lasers are presently indicated for the cosmetic outcome "temporary increase in clear nail", these devices are increasingly used to treat onychomycosis and particularly in patients who are unwilling or unable to take oral antifungal medication. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently issued draft guidance for medical device trials for onychomycosis. OBJECTIVE: This review evaluates the quality of laser trials for onychomycosis and compares the design guidelines for medical devices and antifungal drugs...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
Jeffrey M Goshe, Sean Platt, Gabrielle Yeaney, Arun D Singh
PURPOSE: To report a case of nonresolving lymphangiectasia haemorrhagica conjunctivae (LHC) successfully treated with surgical drainage. METHODS: Retrospective case report. RESULTS: A 17-year-old white girl presented with a history of a large red lesion affecting her right eye. Approximately 1 year earlier, she had noticed a small painless "red spot" affecting the inferior aspect of the conjunctiva of her right eye. Three months before presentation, she noticed a sudden increase in the size of the lesion...
September 28, 2016: Cornea
Ceren Alkim, Debora Trichez, Yvan Cam, Lucie Spina, Jean Marie François, Thomas Walther
BACKGROUND: Glycolic acid (GA) is a two-carbon hydroxyacid with applications in the cosmetic, textile, and medical industry. Microbial GA production from all sugars can be achieved by engineering the natural glyoxylate shunt. The synthetic (d)-xylulose-1 phosphate (X1P) pathway provides a complementary route to produce GA from (d)-xylose. The simultaneous operation of the X1P and glyoxylate pathways increases the theoretical GA yield from xylose by 20 %, which may strongly improve GA production from hemicellulosic hydrolysates...
2016: Biotechnology for Biofuels
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"