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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920164/epistemic-injustice-in-healthcare-encounters-evidence-from-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#1
Charlotte Blease, Havi Carel, Keith Geraghty
Chronic fatigue syndrome or myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) remains a controversial illness category. This paper surveys the state of knowledge and attitudes about this illness and proposes that epistemic concerns about the testimonial credibility of patients can be articulated using Miranda Fricker's concept of epistemic injustice. While there is consensus within mainstream medical guidelines that there is no known cause of CFS/ME, there is continued debate about how best to conceive of CFS/ME, including disagreement about how to interpret clinical studies of treatments...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900751/-reflection-on-the-differences-and-similarities-of-mental-health-care-in-virginia-and-taiwan-geography-history-culture-and-nurse-practitioners
#2
Chueh-Fen Lu, Ching-Chuan Tung, Linda Ely
Sponsored by the pilot overseas internships project of the Ministry of Education, Taiwan, the authors and ten undergraduate students from Taiwan visited several mental health facilities in Virginia for one month. These facilities included the Catawba State Hospital, Salem Veteran Affairs Medical Center, Carilion Saint Albans Behavioral Health (New River Valley Medical Center), Warm Hearth Village, Adult & Child Family Counseling private outpatient clinic, the Free Clinic of the New River Valley, New Life Clubhouse, and Self-Government Program for Assertive Community Treatment...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869568/the-carrot-and-the-stick-strategies-to-improve-compliance-with-college-campus-tobacco-policies
#3
Amanda Fallin, Maria Roditis, Stanton Glantz
OBJECTIVE: Tobacco-free policies are being rapidly adopted nationwide, yet compliance with these policies remains a challenge. This study explored college campus key informants' experiences with tobacco policies, and their perceived benefits, drawbacks, and outcomes. PARTICIPANTS: The sample for this study was 68 key informants representing 16 different California universities with varying tobacco policies (no smoking indoors and within 20 feet of entrances, designated smoking areas, 100% smoke-free, and 100% tobacco-free)...
November 21, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821601/photoaging-smartphone-app-promoting-poster-campaign-to-reduce-smoking-prevalence-in-secondary-schools-the-smokerface-randomized-trial-design-and-baseline-characteristics
#4
Titus J Brinker, Julia Holzapfel, Tanja G Baudson, Katharina Sies, Lena Jakob, Hannah Maria Baumert, Marlene Heckl, Ana Cirac, Janina L Suhre, Verena Mathes, Fabian N Fries, Hannah Spielmann, Nancy Rigotti, Werner Seeger, Felix Herth, David A Groneberg, Tobias Raupach, Henning Gall, Claudia Bauer, Pat Marek, Anil Batra, Chase H Harrison, Lava Taha, Andreas Owczarek, Felix J Hofmann, Roger Thomas, Ute Mons, Michael Kreuter
INTRODUCTION: Smoking is the largest cause of preventable death globally. Most smokers smoke their first cigarette in early adolescence. We took advantage of the widespread availability of mobile phones and adolescents' interest in appearance to develop a free photoaging app which is promoted via a poster campaign in secondary schools. This study aims to evaluate its effectiveness regarding smoking prevalence and students' attitudes towards smoking. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A randomised controlled trial is conducted with 9851 students of both genders with an average age of 12 years in grades 6 and 7 of 126 secondary schools in Germany...
November 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791276/the-2016-accp-pharmacotherapy-didactic-curriculum-toolkit
#5
Terry L Schwinghammer, Andrew J Crannage, Eric G Boyce, Bridget Bradley, Alyssa Christensen, Henry M Dunnenberger, Michelle Fravel, Holly Gurgle, Drayton A Hammond, Jennifer Kwon, Douglas Slain, Kurt A Wargo
The 2016 American College of Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP) Educational Affairs Committee was charged with updating and contemporizing ACCP's 2009 Pharmacotherapy Didactic Curriculum Toolkit. The toolkit has been designed to guide schools and colleges of pharmacy in developing, maintaining, and modifying their curricula. The 2016 committee reviewed the recent medical literature and other documents to identify disease states that are responsive to drug therapy. Diseases and content topics were organized by organ system, when feasible, and grouped into tiers as defined by practice competency...
October 28, 2016: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789575/us-medical-schools-awareness-of-their-students-who-smoke-cessation-programs-available-and-the-potential-impact-on-residency-match
#6
Joseph E Chidiac, Ahmed Mohamed, Madhumitha Krishnamoorthy, Karim Mahmoud, Geethapriya Rajasekaranrathnakumar, Mohan Palla, Diane L Levine
INTRODUCTION: Hospital systems are adopting strict nicotine-free policies excluding hiring individuals who smoke, including residents for graduate medical training. This study was conducted to (1) determine medical schools' awareness of these policies, (2) awareness of their students' smoking behaviors, and (3) the smoking cessation programs that they provide. METHODS: A survey was developed to learn about the smoking policies of medical schools in the United States: how school leadership estimates smoking prevalence among their students, what those estimates are, and what programs are in place to help students quit smoking...
October 27, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776400/effects-of-an-integrated-geriatric-group-balance-class-within-an-entry-level-doctorate-of-physical-therapy-program-on-students-perceptions-of-geriatrics-and-geriatric-education-in-the-united-states
#7
Jennifer C Reneker, Kyra Weems, Vincent Scaia
This study was aimed at determining the effect of an integrated group balance class for community-dwelling older adults within entry-level physical therapist coursework on student perceptions of geriatric physical therapy and geriatric physical therapy education. Twenty-nine Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) students, 21-33 years old, in their second year of coursework in 2012, participated in an integrated clinical experience with exposure to geriatric patients at an outpatient facility at the Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Akron, Ohio, USA...
2016: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27700249/on-the-origins-of-perceptions-student-perceptions-of-active-learning-and-their-implications-for-educational-reform
#8
Kathryn Istas, Anthony M Paolo, Benito A Berardo, Giulia Bonaminio, Joseph D Fontes, Anne Walling, Nancy Davis, Anna T Cianciolo, Robert Englander, Jeanne L Koehler, Kimberly D Lomis
This Conversation Starters article presents a selected research abstract from the 2016 Association of American Medical Colleges Central Region Group on Educational Affairs annual spring meeting. The abstract is paired with the integrative commentary of three experts who shared their thoughts stimulated by the study. These thoughts highlight the value of exploring what drives student perceptions of active learning in order to reform medical education.
October 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689948/professional-veterinary-programs-perceptions-and-experiences-pertaining-to-emotional-support-animals-and-service-animals-and-recommendations-for-policy-development
#9
Regina Schoenfeld-Tacher, Lori R Kogan
Given the unique nature of programs in professional veterinary medicine (PVM), the increasing numbers of students requesting accommodations for emotional support animals (ESAs) in higher education settings is of growing interest to student affairs and administrative staff in PVM settings. Since the legislation pertaining to this type of support animal differs from the laws governing disability service animals, colleges and universities now need to develop new policies and guidelines. Representatives from a sample of 28 PVM programs completed a survey about the prevalence of student requests for ESAs and service animals...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525115/experiences-of-african-students-in-predominantly-white-institutions-a-literature-overview
#10
REVIEW
Davis Inyama, Allison Williams, Kay McCauley
The objective of this paper is to examine research conducted on the experiences of African health sciences students in predominantly white higher education institutions/environments. The main elements of cross-cultural adaptation models were adopted to discuss the amalgamated themes under the auspices of adjustment, integration, and conditioning. The overview revealed that African students encounter unique experiences, with isolation and "feeling different" being commonly mentioned. Recommendations for future research are presented, including programmatic implications for higher education and student affairs professionals...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525031/modified-atkins-diet-in-advanced-malignancies-final-results-of-a-safety-and-feasibility-trial-within-the-veterans-affairs-pittsburgh-healthcare-system
#11
Jocelyn L Tan-Shalaby, Jennifer Carrick, Krystal Edinger, Dana Genovese, Andrew D Liman, Vida A Passero, Rashmikant B Shah
BACKGROUND: Dysfunctional mitochondrial processes limit malignant cells ability to use energy from fatty acids and ketones. Animal studies using ketogenic diets for cancer show encouraging results. We tested the diet's safety and feasibility in cancer patients across a broad variety of solid tumors. METHODS: We recruited 17 advanced cancer patients who were not on chemotherapy. They consumed 20 to 40 g of carbohydrates daily with evaluations performed weekly until week 4, then every 4 weeks until 16 weeks...
2016: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490288/educational-needs-assessment-highlights-several-areas-of-emphasis-in-teaching-evidence-based-medicine-skills-to-physician-assistant-students
#12
Susan Kuntz, Syed Haris Ali, Emily Hahn
PURPOSE: An assessment of educational needs is essential for curricular reform in medical education. Using the conceptual framework of needs assessment, this study aimed to determine which content should be emphasized in teaching evidence-based medicine (EBM) skills to physician assistant (PA) students. METHODS: Key content areas were identified from the published literature and objectives for previous courses. A questionnaire-type needs assessment instrument was created and given to a graduating class of PA students (n = 21) at the University of North Dakota...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472891/on-belonging-the-american-adolescent-of-arab-descent
#13
Lama Z Khouri
Although American families of Arab origin come from 22 countries and from varied backgrounds and cultures, reports suggest that they suffer equally from acculturation stress, stereotyping, discrimination, and the reverberations of the aftermath of September 11 as well as global affairs. However, because children and adolescents from these families, particularly those who are newly arrived immigrants, tend to do well in school, they are rarely targeted by research or policy. This article uses the narratives of 5 middle school age male students from Arab descent who were in a support group that met for 3 years (2004-2007), beginning shortly after President George W...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413444/effectiveness-of-an-interprofessional-and-multidisciplinary-musculoskeletal-training-program
#14
Michael J Battistone, Andrea M Barker, Marissa P Grotzke, J Peter Beck, Jeffery T Berdan, Jorie M Butler, Caroline K Milne, Tim Huhtala, Grant W Cannon
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal (MSK) problems are common, and a recent US Bone and Joint Initiative calls for new models of education and professional collaboration. Evidence of feasibility and acceptability of innovative methods are needed. OBJECTIVE: We assessed if an experimental immersion interdisciplinary MSK curriculum would be acceptable to residents from different specialties, be feasible within existing rotations, and be effective in strengthening clinical skills...
July 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382580/the-influence-of-parenting-style-on-academic-achievement-and-career-path
#15
Zahra Zahed Zahedani, Rita Rezaee, Zahra Yazdani, Sina Bagheri, Parisa Nabeiei
INTRODUCTION: Several factors affect the academic performance of college students and parenting style is one significant factor. The current study has been done with the purpose of investigating the relationship between parenting styles, academic achievement and career path of students at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. METHODS: This is a correlation study carried out at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Among 1600 students, 310 students were selected randomly as the sample...
July 2016: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374957/issues-and-prospects-from-the-otc-industry-vis-a-vis-pharmaceutical-education-and-otc-medicines
#16
Motohito Nishizawa
In the amendment of the Pharmaceutical Affairs Law in 2013, a new category, Pharmacist Intervention Required Medicines (PIRM), was introduced, and other OTC medicines, which were classified after the 2006 amendment, were allowed to be sold via the Internet. Regarding PIRM, Japan's Ministry for Health, Labour and Welfare designates medicines which require special intervention by a pharmacist who explains their proper use to a patient through a face-to-face consultation, wherein the pharmacist provides guidance based on pharmaceutical knowledge and experience...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348787/2015-american-academy-of-clinical-neuropsychology-aacn-student-affairs-committee-survey-of-neuropsychology-trainees
#17
Douglas M Whiteside, Leslie M Guidotti Breting, Alissa M Butts, Amanda E Hahn-Ketter, Katie Osborn, Stephanie J Towns, Mark Barisa, Octavio A Santos, Daniel Smith
OBJECTIVE: Surveys of practicing neuropsychologists have been conducted for years; however, there have been no comprehensive surveys of neuropsychology trainees, which may result in important issues being overlooked by the profession. This survey assessed trainees' experiences in areas such as student debt, professional development, and training satisfaction. METHOD: Survey items were written by a task force of the AACN Student Affairs Committee (SAC), and neuropsychology trainees were recruited via neuropsychology-focused listservs...
July 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27260653/osteoarthritis-in-veterans-undergoing-bariatric-surgery-is-associated-with-decreased-excess-weight-loss-5-year-outcomes
#18
Eric Kubat, Nicholas J Giori, Kimberly Hwa, Dan Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Obesity exacerbates pre-existing musculoskeletal disease and joint pain. This may limit physical activity in obese individuals. OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify the disease burden and impact of osteoarthritis of the lumbar back, hip, knee, and ankle in veterans undergoing bariatric surgery. SETTING: Veterans Affairs medical center. METHODS: Retrospective review of a prospective bariatric database of operations performed at a single Veterans Affairs medical center...
February 20, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27259127/empowering-staff-nurses-with-essential-skills-training-strategies-for-success
#19
Elizabeth Czekanski
Nurse leaders in the mental health field are challenged to ensure the mental health environment is safe and therapeutic. They must also continually evaluate whether nurses are effectively engaging therapeutically with patients in their care. Undergraduate nursing students and practicing nurses usually receive little or no training in facilitating nurse-led groups. Nurses who are trained and capable of facilitating groups may enhance therapeutic relationships and engage patients to improve treatment outcomes...
July 2016: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27192789/-designing-and-operating-a-comprehensive-mental-health-management-system-to-support-faculty-at-a-university-that-contains-a-medical-school-and-university-hospital
#20
Chiaki Kawanishi
In Japan, healthcare professionals and healthcare workers typically practice a culture of self-assessment when it comes to managing their own health. Even where this background leads to instances of mental health disorders or other serious problems within a given organization, such cases are customarily addressed by the psychiatrists or psychiatric departments of the facilities affected. Organized occupational mental health initiatives for professionals and workers within the healthcare system are extremely rare across Japan, and there is little recognition of the need for such initiatives even among those most directly affected...
2016: Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi, Psychiatria et Neurologia Japonica
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