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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719335/incidence-of-metastasis-and-prostate-specific-antigen-levels-at-diagnosis-in-gleason-3-4-versus-4-3-prostate-cancer
#1
Mohamed H Kamel, Mahmoud I Khalil, Wilson M Alobuia, Joseph Su, Rodney Davis
Aims: The aim is to assess for a difference in the incidence of metastasis (IM) and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels at diagnosis in patients with Gleason score (GS) 3+4 versus 4+3 prostate cancer using a large veterans affairs database. Subjects and Methods: A retrospective review of 1402 medical records from 5 VA hospitals was conducted. The study period was from 2009 to 2014. Primary endpoints were IM and PSA levels at diagnosis. A secondary endpoint was overall survival...
April 2018: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717896/the-importance-of-food-nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-cancer-prevention-an-interview-with-dr-kate-allen
#2
Kate Allen
Kate Allen speaks to Roshaine Wijayatunga, Managing Commissioning Editor. Dr Kate Allen works as an Executive Director in Science and Public Affairs at World Cancer Research Fund International ( http://wcrf.org ), an NGO and leading authority in the field of cancer prevention through diet, weight and physical activity. Kate is responsible for the organization's scientific, policy and conference programs in the areas of food, nutrition, physical activity and weight management. An important aspect of her role is helping to create collaborative relationships and activities across the WCRF national charities (in Europe, America and Asia) in these areas, as well as maintaining and creating external partnerships...
May 2, 2018: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667694/a-grounded-theory-investigation-into-sophomore-students-recall-of-depression-during-their-freshman-year-in-college-a-pilot-study
#3
Julie M Brandy, Theresa A Kessler, Christina H Grabarek
Using a grounded theory approach, the current descriptive qualitative design was conducted with sophomore students to understand the meaning participants gave their freshman experiences with depression. Twelve participants were recruited using scripted class announcements across campus. After informed consent, interviews began with the question: What was the experience of your freshman year in college? All interviews were completed with the primary investigator and transcribed verbatim. Interviews were analyzed using constant comparative methodology...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436292/is-it-a-match-a-novel-method-of-evaluating-medical-school-success
#4
Leslie L Chang, Alisa Nagler, Mariah Rudd, Colleen O'Connor Grochowski, Edward G Buckley, Saumil M Chudgar, Deborah L Engle
BACKGROUND: Medical education program evaluation allows for curricular improvements to both Undergraduate (UME) and Graduate Medical Education (GME). UME programs are left with little more than match rates and self-report to evaluate success of graduates in The Match. OBJECTIVE: This manuscript shares a novel method of program evaluation through a systematic assessment of Match outcomes. DESIGN: Surveys were developed and distributed to Program Training Directors (PTDs) at our institution to classify residency programs into which our UME graduates matched using an ordinal response scale and open-ended responses...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364549/dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors-and-heart-failure-exacerbation-in-the-veteran-population-an-observational-study
#5
Michael R Cobretti, Benjamin Bowman, Ted Grabarczyk, Emily Potter
OBJECTIVES: The dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4 inhibitors) are effective modulators of fasting and postprandial hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In 2013 the Saxagliptin Assessment of Vascular Outcomes Recorded in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 53 (SAVOR-TIMI 53) clinical trial found an increased risk of heart failure exacerbation, as a secondary outcome, among patients treated with saxagliptin. This study examines the safety of DPP-4 inhibitors as a class in T2DM in relation to risk of heart failure exacerbations...
March 2018: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302095/the-report-of-the-2016-2017-professional-affairs-standing-committee-formally-embracing-and-engaging-preceptors-in-the-academy-the-time-has-come
#6
Karen Whalen Chair, Daniel S Aistrope, Jason Ausili, Kathleen H Besinque, Elizabeth A Cardello, Philip M Hritcko, George E MacKinnon, Eric Maroyka, Elizabeth Sutton Burke, I Shane Trent, Lynette R Bradley-Baker
The 2016-2017 AACP Professional Affairs Committee (PAC) was charged to examine strategies to include adjunct/affiliate preceptors as AACP members and to determine the value proposition of AACP membership for this group of educators. The PAC defined adjunct/affiliate preceptors as preceptors who are neither full-time employees nor have a primary employment commitment (≥50% of the preceptor's work salary) at a school/college of pharmacy. Specific charges to the PAC included: recommend an approach to increase the number of adjunct/affiliate preceptors as AACP members, examine AACP membership from an adjunct/affiliate preceptor value perspective, and prepare a concise summary of available literature describing value-added contributions of student pharmacists and pharmacy preceptors to pharmacy practice models, interprofessional education (IPE) and interprofessional practice (IPP)...
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297150/resampling-based-inference-methods-for-comparing-two-coefficients-alpha
#7
Markus Pauly, Maria Umlauft, Ali Ünlü
The two-sample problem for Cronbach's coefficient [Formula: see text], as an estimate of test or composite score reliability, has attracted little attention compared to the extensive treatment of the one-sample case. It is necessary to compare the reliability of a test for different subgroups, for different tests or the short and long forms of a test. In this paper, we study statistical procedures of comparing two coefficients [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text]. The null hypothesis of interest is [Formula: see text], which we test against one-or two-sided alternatives...
March 2018: Psychometrika
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283662/apa-apags-award-for-distinguished-graduate-student-in-professional-psychology-octavio-andres-santos
#8
(no author information available yet)
The APA/APAGS Award for Distinguished Graduate Student in Professional Psychology is awarded annually by the APA Board of Professional Affairs (BPA) and the American Psychological Association of Graduate Students (APAGS) to a graduate student who has demonstrated outstanding practice and application of psychology. The 2017 award winner is Octavio Andres Santos, who has demonstrated through several initiatives "effective engagement with advocacy, professional organizations, and research in the area of health disparities and multicultural/multilingual assessment...
December 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283661/apa-apags-award-for-distinguished-graduate-student-in-professional-psychology
#9
(no author information available yet)
The APA/APAGS Award for Distinguished Graduate Student in Professional Psychology is awarded on an annual basis by the APA Board of Professional Affairs (BPA) and the American Psychological Association of Graduate Students (APAGS) to a graduate student who has demonstrated outstanding practice and application of psychology. A qualified candidate must demonstrate exemplary performance in working with an underserved population in an applied setting or have developed an innovative method for delivering health services to an underserved population...
December 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279029/beyond-leisure-the-role-of-alcohol-in-the-lives-of-nigerian-university-students
#10
Emeka W Dumbili, Blessing N Onyima
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption among young people in Nigeria has traditionally been constrained due to the socio-cultural belief that alcohol is for adults. In contemporary Nigeria, media reports indicate that young people drink alcohol regularly in large quantities, but empirical research on what motivates their alcohol use is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To explore the motives for consuming alcohol among male and female students at a Nigerian university. METHODS: Drawing on motivational theories of alcohol use, 31 semi-structured interviews were conducted with students (aged 19-23 years)...
December 26, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200460/report-of-the-2016-2017-student-affairs-standing-committee
#11
Renae J Chesnut, Iqbal I Atcha, Duc P Do, Kristopher Harrell, Amy Holland, Monica L Miller, Kelly M Shields, Kyle Sousa, Rachel A Van Den Broek, Jacqueline M Zeeman, Rahul Nohria, Jennifer L Adams
The 2016-2017 AACP Student Affairs Standing Committee addressed charges related to recruitment to the profession of pharmacy and a national awareness campaign for pharmacy careers, as well as promotion of student wellness and stress management. The Committee report provides six recommendations to the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) and one proposed policy statement for the AACP House of Delegates related to recruitment to the pharmacy profession. The Committee report also provides three recommendations to AACP and one proposed policy statement for the AACP House of Delegates related to student wellness and stress management...
October 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120211/mental-health-treatment-related-stigma-and-professional-help-seeking-among-student-veterans
#12
Joseph M Currier, Ryon C McDermott, Wesley H McCormick
Record numbers of military veterans are enrolling at colleges/universities across the United States. Although a substantive subset might suffer from mental health problems, the majority of these students might not be amenable to utilizing services. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of treatment-related stigma in intentions to seek professional help among undergraduate student veterans at a university on the U.S. Gulf Coast. Focusing on 251 veterans and a gender-matched comparison group of 251 nonveterans, student veterans endorsed higher probabilities of seeking care from physicians (d = ...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120208/university-students-perceived-need-for-mental-health-services-a-study-of-variables-related-to-not-seeking-help
#13
Sara Nash, Meggen Sixbey, Sunghee An, Ana Puig
This study analyzed data from the 2012 Student Experience in the Research University (SERU) survey, collected from undergraduate students at 9 universities. Researchers explored how demographic and behavioral variables related to avoidance of psychological help when needed. A total of 7,992 SERU participants responded to target items included in the present study. We examined whether student characteristics and behaviors differed between 3 self-report groups: (1) students who indicated they did not need counseling services; (2) students who reported needing counseling services, but not using them; and (3) students who reported using counseling services at least once during the 2012 academic year...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029666/exercising-with-veterans-how-social-interaction-with-a-pharmacy-student-improves-patient-care
#14
Genna Holder, Brent Salvig
With the baby boomer population anticipated to explode between 2010 and 2030, it is essential that student pharmacists learn how to properly care for older patients. One way for pharmacy students to prepare for providing health care to the elderly is to partake in an Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) elective course in geriatrics. Pharmacy students, and health care professionals in general, have an immense amount of information available to them that is not found in a patient's chart or textbook, but can be uncovered through increased social interaction with patients, promoting the best possible care...
August 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020524/teachers-as-learners-developing-professionalism-feedback-skills-via-observed-structured-teaching-encounters
#15
Constance Tucker, Beth Choby, Andrew Moore, Robert Scott Parker, Benjamin R Zambetti, Sarah Naids, Jillian Scott, Jennifer Loome, Sierra Gaffney, Anna T Cianciolo, Leslie A Hoffman, Jaden R Kohn, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Robert L Trowbridge
This Conversations Starter article presents a selected research abstract from the 2017 Association of American Medical Colleges Southern Region Group on Educational Affairs annual spring meeting. The abstract is paired with the integrative commentary of 4 experts who shared their thoughts stimulated by the study. These thoughts explore the value of the Observed Structured Teaching Encounter in providing structured opportunities for medical students to engage with the complexities of providing peer feedback on professionalism...
October 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979003/correction-to-report-of-the-2016-17-academic-affairs-standing-committee-entrustable-professional-activities-implementation-roadmapcorrection-to-student-self-assessment-and-faculty-assessment-of-performance-in-an-interprofessional-error-disclosure-simulation
#16
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.5688/ajpe815S4.][This corrects the article DOI: 10.5688/ajpe81354.].
August 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970019/reflections-on-the-contributions-of-self-advocates-to-an-interdisciplinary-leadership-development-program-for-graduate-students-in-health-affairs
#17
Angela Rosenberg, Deborah Zuver, McCafferty Kermon, Claudia Fernandez, Lewis H Margolis
BACKGROUND: To advance equity and to enhance leadership skills, self-advocates with intellectual/developmental disabilities are now part of the cohort of trainees in the University of North Carolina LEND, which means that they fully participate in the Interdisciplinary Leadership Development Program, a collaboration among programs in public health, social work, and LEND, which meets monthly. OBJECTIVE: Given this important new participation by self-advocates, this study analyzes the reflections of graduate students on the contributions of self-advocates to their leadership training...
September 14, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956551/a-return-to-humane-medicine-osler-s-legacy
#18
Lucia Craxì, Simona Giardina, Antonio Gioacchino Spagnolo
Sir William Osler is celebrated today not only for his contributions to the advancement of medical education, but also for the humanism he brought to the practice of medicine. He was a doctor whose bedside skills and manners were emulated, and can legitimately be called an infectious diseases specialist. Nonetheless, he was also a humanist in the broader sense of the term, a student of human affairs and human nature, who emphasised compassion for the individual. To what extent, if any, are today's challenges influenced by departures from the paradigms created by Osler? In this paper we sought to ascertain whether such a tradition is still relevant to current practice and may foster a new perspective...
September 1, 2017: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954473/dioxins-validation-of-food-frequency-questionnaire-and-intake-in-a-group-of-adolescents
#19
Joanna Zając, Agata Skop-Lewandowska, Jadwiga Helbin, Artur Potocki
INTRODUCTION: A lot of has been heard about dioxins and dioxins-like compounds. These molecules are typically connected in public awareness with affairs. The main source of dioxins for humans is food (90% of typical exposition); thus, assessment of dioxins intake and monitoring of levels of dioxins in food remain an important issue. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the presented work was checking the reproducibility of the authors' semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire, focusing on products that may contain dioxins and related compounds among adolescents...
September 21, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944731/the-fda-unapproved-drugs-initiative-an-observational-study-of-the-consequences-for-drug-prices-and-shortages-in-the-united-states
#20
Ravi Gupta, Sanket S Dhruva, Erin R Fox, Joseph S Ross
BACKGROUND: Hundreds of drug products are currently marketed in the United States without approval from the FDA. The 2006 Unapproved Drugs Initiative (UDI) requires manufacturers to remove these drug products from the market or obtain FDA approval by demonstrating evidence of safety and efficacy. Once the FDA acts against an unapproved drug, fewer manufacturers remain in the market, potentially enabling drug price increases and greater susceptibility to drug shortages. There is a need for systematic study of the UDI's effect on prices and shortages of all targeted drugs...
October 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
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