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Student affairs

Kathryn Istas, Anthony M Paolo, Benito A Berardo, Giulia Bonaminio, Joseph D Fontes, Anne Walling, Nancy Davis, Anna T Cianciolo, Robert Englander, Jeanne L Koehler, Kimberly D Lomis
This Conversation Starters article presents a selected research abstract from the 2016 Association of American Medical Colleges Central Region Group on Educational Affairs annual spring meeting. The abstract is paired with the integrative commentary of three experts who shared their thoughts stimulated by the study. These thoughts highlight the value of exploring what drives student perceptions of active learning in order to reform medical education.
October 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Regina Schoenfeld-Tacher, Lori R Kogan
Given the unique nature of programs in professional veterinary medicine (PVM), the increasing numbers of students requesting accommodations for emotional support animals (ESAs) in higher education settings is of growing interest to student affairs and administrative staff in PVM settings. Since the legislation pertaining to this type of support animal differs from the laws governing disability service animals, colleges and universities now need to develop new policies and guidelines. Representatives from a sample of 28 PVM programs completed a survey about the prevalence of student requests for ESAs and service animals...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Davis Inyama, Allison Williams, Kay McCauley
The objective of this paper is to examine research conducted on the experiences of African health sciences students in predominantly white higher education institutions/environments. The main elements of cross-cultural adaptation models were adopted to discuss the amalgamated themes under the auspices of adjustment, integration, and conditioning. The overview revealed that African students encounter unique experiences, with isolation and "feeling different" being commonly mentioned. Recommendations for future research are presented, including programmatic implications for higher education and student affairs professionals...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
Jocelyn L Tan-Shalaby, Jennifer Carrick, Krystal Edinger, Dana Genovese, Andrew D Liman, Vida A Passero, Rashmikant B Shah
BACKGROUND: Dysfunctional mitochondrial processes limit malignant cells ability to use energy from fatty acids and ketones. Animal studies using ketogenic diets for cancer show encouraging results. We tested the diet's safety and feasibility in cancer patients across a broad variety of solid tumors. METHODS: We recruited 17 advanced cancer patients who were not on chemotherapy. They consumed 20 to 40 g of carbohydrates daily with evaluations performed weekly until week 4, then every 4 weeks until 16 weeks...
2016: Nutrition & Metabolism
Susan Kuntz, Syed Haris Ali, Emily Hahn
PURPOSE: An assessment of educational needs is essential for curricular reform in medical education. Using the conceptual framework of needs assessment, this study aimed to determine which content should be emphasized in teaching evidence-based medicine (EBM) skills to physician assistant (PA) students. METHODS: Key content areas were identified from the published literature and objectives for previous courses. A questionnaire-type needs assessment instrument was created and given to a graduating class of PA students (n = 21) at the University of North Dakota...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
Lama Z Khouri
Although American families of Arab origin come from 22 countries and from varied backgrounds and cultures, reports suggest that they suffer equally from acculturation stress, stereotyping, discrimination, and the reverberations of the aftermath of September 11 as well as global affairs. However, because children and adolescents from these families, particularly those who are newly arrived immigrants, tend to do well in school, they are rarely targeted by research or policy. This article uses the narratives of 5 middle school age male students from Arab descent who were in a support group that met for 3 years (2004-2007), beginning shortly after President George W...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Michael J Battistone, Andrea M Barker, Marissa P Grotzke, J Peter Beck, Jeffery T Berdan, Jorie M Butler, Caroline K Milne, Tim Huhtala, Grant W Cannon
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal (MSK) problems are common, and a recent US Bone and Joint Initiative calls for new models of education and professional collaboration. Evidence of feasibility and acceptability of innovative methods are needed. OBJECTIVE: We assessed if an experimental immersion interdisciplinary MSK curriculum would be acceptable to residents from different specialties, be feasible within existing rotations, and be effective in strengthening clinical skills...
July 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Zahra Zahed Zahedani, Rita Rezaee, Zahra Yazdani, Sina Bagheri, Parisa Nabeiei
INTRODUCTION: Several factors affect the academic performance of college students and parenting style is one significant factor. The current study has been done with the purpose of investigating the relationship between parenting styles, academic achievement and career path of students at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. METHODS: This is a correlation study carried out at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Among 1600 students, 310 students were selected randomly as the sample...
July 2016: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
Motohito Nishizawa
In the amendment of the Pharmaceutical Affairs Law in 2013, a new category, Pharmacist Intervention Required Medicines (PIRM), was introduced, and other OTC medicines, which were classified after the 2006 amendment, were allowed to be sold via the Internet. Regarding PIRM, Japan's Ministry for Health, Labour and Welfare designates medicines which require special intervention by a pharmacist who explains their proper use to a patient through a face-to-face consultation, wherein the pharmacist provides guidance based on pharmaceutical knowledge and experience...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Douglas M Whiteside, Leslie M Guidotti Breting, Alissa M Butts, Amanda E Hahn-Ketter, Katie Osborn, Stephanie J Towns, Mark Barisa, Octavio A Santos, Daniel Smith
OBJECTIVE: Surveys of practicing neuropsychologists have been conducted for years; however, there have been no comprehensive surveys of neuropsychology trainees, which may result in important issues being overlooked by the profession. This survey assessed trainees' experiences in areas such as student debt, professional development, and training satisfaction. METHOD: Survey items were written by a task force of the AACN Student Affairs Committee (SAC), and neuropsychology trainees were recruited via neuropsychology-focused listservs...
July 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Eric Kubat, Nicholas J Giori, Kimberly Hwa, Dan Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Obesity exacerbates pre-existing musculoskeletal disease and joint pain. This may limit physical activity in obese individuals. OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify the disease burden and impact of osteoarthritis of the lumbar back, hip, knee, and ankle in veterans undergoing bariatric surgery. SETTING: Veterans Affairs medical center. METHODS: Retrospective review of a prospective bariatric database of operations performed at a single Veterans Affairs medical center...
February 20, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Elizabeth Czekanski
Nurse leaders in the mental health field are challenged to ensure the mental health environment is safe and therapeutic. They must also continually evaluate whether nurses are effectively engaging therapeutically with patients in their care. Undergraduate nursing students and practicing nurses usually receive little or no training in facilitating nurse-led groups. Nurses who are trained and capable of facilitating groups may enhance therapeutic relationships and engage patients to improve treatment outcomes...
July 2016: Nursing Administration Quarterly
Chiaki Kawanishi
In Japan, healthcare professionals and healthcare workers typically practice a culture of self-assessment when it comes to managing their own health. Even where this background leads to instances of mental health disorders or other serious problems within a given organization, such cases are customarily addressed by the psychiatrists or psychiatric departments of the facilities affected. Organized occupational mental health initiatives for professionals and workers within the healthcare system are extremely rare across Japan, and there is little recognition of the need for such initiatives even among those most directly affected...
2016: Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi, Psychiatria et Neurologia Japonica
Alireza Ebrahimpour, Farnaz Rajabali, Fatemeh Yazdanfar, Reza Azarbad, Majid Rezaei Nodeh, Hasan Siamian, Mohammad Vahedi
BACKGROUND: in this present era, the technology development has established certain type of communication. Nowadays education as the fundamental principle in transferring cognition to the learners has found various methods. Recently the concept that social networks could be effective tool in easing the achievement to the educational goals has been under attention. Therefore, this investigation is trying to find out whether, the social networks could play role on the process of education among students? MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross sectional descriptive study was performed on 1000 students from 7 medical universities in 2015...
April 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
Megan Boysen Osborn, James Mattson, Justin Yanuck, Craig Anderson, Ara Tekian, John Christian Fox, Ilene B Harris
PURPOSE: To examine the variability among medical schools in ranking systems used in medical student performance evaluations (MSPEs). METHOD: The authors reviewed MSPEs from U.S. MD-granting medical schools received by the University of California, Irvine emergency medicine and internal medicine residency programs during 2012-2013 and 2014-2015. They recorded whether the school used a ranking system, the type of ranking system used, the size and description of student categories, the location of the ranking statement and category legend, and whether nonranking schools used language suggestive of rank...
April 12, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Eric R Pedersen, Grant N Marshall, Terry L Schell
BACKGROUND: Young adult veterans from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan represent a population at-risk for heavy and problematic alcohol use. Unfortunately, few seek treatment for alcohol concerns and those that do seek care may drop out from lengthy multicomponent treatments. Additionally, veterans who live in rural areas and those who are not engaged in the Veterans Affairs Healthcare System are often overlooked, difficult to engage in treatment, and may not be actively seeking treatment for heavy patterns of use that may develop into an alcohol use disorder...
2016: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
Gholam Reza Ghassemi Toudehskchuie, Mahsa Fereidoon
The thrust of this study was to examine some of the psycho-social risk factors for the recurrence of non-fatal suicide attempt in a sample of 1121 inmates admitted between April 2012 to June 2013 at the toxicology emergency ward, Noor Medical Centre, Isfahan, Iran. Out of the total participants, 240 of them reported history of suicide attempt and assumed the status of case group. The remaining 881 patients were admitted first their attempt and constituted the control group. Cases were compared to the controls with respect to select demographic features (i...
July 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
T Michael Kashner, Debbie L Hettler, Robert A Zeiss, David C Aron, David S Bernett, Judy L Brannen, John M Byrne, Grant W Cannon, Barbara K Chang, Mary B Dougherty, Stuart C Gilman, Gloria J Holland, Catherine P Kaminetzky, Annie B Wicker, Sheri A Keitz
OBJECTIVE: To assess how changes in curriculum, accreditation standards, and certification and licensure competencies impacted how medical students and physician residents value interprofessional team and patient-centered care. PRIMARY DATA SOURCE: The Department of Veterans Affairs Learners' Perceptions Survey (2003-2013). The nationally administered survey asked a representative sample of 56,569 U.S. medical students and physician residents, with a comparison group of 78,038 nonphysician trainees, to rate satisfaction with 28 elements, in two overall domains, describing their clinical learning experiences at VA medical centers...
March 18, 2016: Health Services Research
Lata A Krishnan, K Andrew R Richards, Jennifer M Simpson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate students' academic and civic learning, with particular interest in cultural competence, gained through participation in the Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences in Zambia study-abroad program. METHOD: Twelve female students participated in the program. Quantitative data collected included pre- and postprogram administration of the Public Affairs Scale (Levesque-Bristol & Cornelius-White, 2012) to measure changes in participants' civic learning...
March 2016: American Journal of Audiology
H M Naimi, H Rasekh, M Haem Rahimi, H Yousofi
BACKGROUND: Most medicines are imported for health service practices in Afghanistan. A major concern for patients and practitioners in Kabul is the wide brand assortment and price range choices for the same drug. Ceftriaxone sodium is a broadly used antibiotic for infections caused by certain types of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. It is available in Kabul in a range of brands and prices. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between cost/brand name and efficacy of this antibiotic...
2016: BMC Research Notes
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