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Academic affairs

J Huber, B Pötsch, M Gantschacher, M Templ
Introduction: Diagnosis and treatment of vaginal and cervical cytological cell changes are described in European and national guidelines. The aim of this data collection was to evaluate the remission rates of PAP III and PAP III D cytological findings in patients over a period of 3-4 months. Method: The current state of affairs in managing suspicious and cytological findings (PAP III, and III D) in gynecological practice was assessed in the context of a data collection survey. An evaluation over a period of 24 months was conducted on preventative measures, the occurrence and changes to normal/suspect/pathological findings and therapy management (for suspicious or pathological findings)...
October 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
Y Liu, P F Zhang
In modern China, most of the mass organizations of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) were civilian and established by the individuals with self support financially.The TCM Improvement Research Association of Shanxi Province was the first official TCM organization in modern China. For the purpose of ruling and recognition of TCM, Yan Xishan, the chief executive of Shanxi province, gave a full support to its creation, development, and operation of the Association with the military and political officials in the government served as part-time staff members of a few of important position in the Association...
July 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
Nirav Patel, Justine Pierson, Timothy Lee, Bruce Mast, Bernard T Lee, Irene Estores, Dhruv Singhal
BACKGROUND: Integrative medicine (IM) is currently used by 40% of Americans. Our objective is to examine the prevalence and perception of IM utilization in patients being evaluated for elective plastic surgery. METHODS: In July 2014, 402 consecutive patients presenting to plastic surgery clinics at the University of Florida, Veterans Affairs (VA), and Private Practices in Gainesville, Florida were requested to complete a survey regarding utilization of and attitudes towards IM...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Regina Schoenfeld-Tacher, Lori R Kogan
Given the unique nature of programs in professional veterinary medicine (PVM), the increasing numbers of students requesting accommodations for emotional support animals (ESAs) in higher education settings is of growing interest to student affairs and administrative staff in PVM settings. Since the legislation pertaining to this type of support animal differs from the laws governing disability service animals, colleges and universities now need to develop new policies and guidelines. Representatives from a sample of 28 PVM programs completed a survey about the prevalence of student requests for ESAs and service animals...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Jason R Dutton, Nicholas A Kusenzov, Joseph T Lanzi, E'Stephan J Garcia, Mark P Pallis
PURPOSE: To examine the outcomes of arthroscopic treatment of the hip in a young, active military population. Specifically, the ability to return to duty was the prime indicator of success. In addition, an objective evaluation of various demographic and surgery-related variables was performed to identify predictors for success or failure of treatment in this military population. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was undertaken to ascertain the results of hip arthroscopy at a single academic military medical center...
August 23, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Shilpa Iyer, Sylvia M Botros
INTRODUCTION: Transvaginal mesh usage has been at the forefront of popular media and academic debate for the past 10 years. Several US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) communications, society statements, and research articles have been written in an attempt to define and articulate the classification system, safety data, and efficacy of this approach to transvaginal surgery. In this review, we explore the history of transvaginal mesh surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP), review FDA and society statements, and research current practice in the United States...
August 22, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Nathaniel H Fleming, Barbara M Egbert, Jinah Kim, Susan M Swetter
Importance: Controversy persists regarding the appropriate management of incompletely excised, biopsy-proven, mild and moderate dysplastic nevi (DN). Objective: To determine long-term risk of associated melanoma in biopsied mild or moderate DN with positive histologic margins that were clinically observed vs reexcised with negative margins. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective cohort study of mixed referral and community patients from an academic pigmented lesion clinic and dermatology clinics of the affiliated Veteran Affairs medical center with biopsy-confirmed DN with positive histologic margins diagnosed from May 15, 1991, to July 8, 2015, and followed up through May 30, 2016...
August 17, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
Anna Butjosa, Juana Gómez-Benito, Elena Huerta-Ramos, Núria Del Cacho, Ana Barajas, Iris Baños, Judith Usall, Montserrat Dolz, Bernardo Sánchez, Janina Carlson, Josep Maria Haro, Susana Ochoa
This study presents a quantitative analysis of the incidence of stressful life events (SLEs) and the variables gender, age at onset, family history and psychotic symptoms in patients with first-episode psychosis (FEP). A descriptive, cross-sectional methodology was used to interview 68 patients with FEP between 13 and 47 years of age. The Psychiatric Epidemiology Research Interview Life Events Scale collected one-year period prior to onset of FEP - used to analyse the subcategories academic, work, love and marriage, children, residence, legal affairs, finances and social activities-, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, and Clinical Global Impression-Schizophrenia scale were used to assess the relevance of certain SLEs during adolescence...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Mark D Cannatelli, Arthur J Ragauskas
Given the current state of environmental affairs and that our future on this planet as we know it is in jeopardy, research and development into greener and more sustainable technologies within the chemical and forest products industries is at its peak. Given the global scale of these industries, the need for environmentally benign practices is propelling new green processes. These challenges are also impacting academic research and our reagents of interest are laccases. These enzymes are employed in a variety of biotechnological applications due to their native function as catalytic oxidants...
August 5, 2016: Chemical Record: An Official Publication of the Chemical Society of Japan ... [et Al.]
Kim Peterson, Nicole Floyd, Lauren Ferguson, Vivian Christensen, Mark Helfand
BACKGROUND: To provide evidence synthesis for faster-paced healthcare decision-making, rapid reviews have emerged as a streamlined alternative to standard systematic reviews. In 2012, the Veterans Affairs Evidence-based Synthesis Program (VA ESP) added rapid reviews to support Veterans Health Administration (VHA) operational partners' more urgent decision-making needs. VHA operational partners play a substantial role in dissemination of ESP rapid reviews through a variety of routes, including posting on the VA ESP's public website ( http://www...
2016: Systematic Reviews
U Teichert, C Kaufhold, J Rissland, P Tinnemann, M Wildner
The discussion on the development of public health affairs was invigorated anew by the report on public health in Germany of Leopoldina/Acatech/Union of the German Academies of Sciences and Humanities of the year 2015. The report urges strengthening of public health and global health in Germany and addresses explicitly the Public Health Service (PHS). This indispensable inclusion of the PHS in further strategic planning offers for the first time an opportunity for a comprehensive and sustainable practice/policy transfer on the federal, state and community level, and also a chance for a sustainable network with modern academic public health institutions together with representation of medical specialization in public health at universities, that has been absent so far...
July 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
David E Winchester, David Wolinsky, Rebecca J Beyth, Leslee J Shaw
IMPORTANCE: Appropriate use criteria (AUC) assist health care professionals in making decisions about procedures and diagnostic testing. In some cases, multiple AUC exist for a single procedure or test. To date, the extent of agreement between multiple AUC has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To measure discordance between the American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) AUC and the American College of Radiology (ACR) Appropriateness Criteria for gauging the appropriateness of nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging...
May 1, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
Michael J Battistone, Andrea M Barker, Marissa P Grotzke, J Peter Beck, Jeffery T Berdan, Jorie M Butler, Caroline K Milne, Tim Huhtala, Grant W Cannon
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal (MSK) problems are common, and a recent US Bone and Joint Initiative calls for new models of education and professional collaboration. Evidence of feasibility and acceptability of innovative methods are needed. OBJECTIVE: We assessed if an experimental immersion interdisciplinary MSK curriculum would be acceptable to residents from different specialties, be feasible within existing rotations, and be effective in strengthening clinical skills...
July 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Patrice Bret
Eighteenth-century scientific translation was not just a linguistic or intellectual affair. It included numerous material aspects requiring a social organization to marshal the indispensable human and non-human actors. Paratexts and actors' correspondences provide a good observatory to get information about aspects such as shipments and routes, processes of translation and language acquisition (dictionaries, grammars and other helpful materials, such as translated works in both languages), texts acquisition and dissemination (including author's additions and corrections, oral presentations in academic meetings and announcements of forthcoming translations)...
April 2016: Annals of Science
Zahra Zahed Zahedani, Rita Rezaee, Zahra Yazdani, Sina Bagheri, Parisa Nabeiei
INTRODUCTION: Several factors affect the academic performance of college students and parenting style is one significant factor. The current study has been done with the purpose of investigating the relationship between parenting styles, academic achievement and career path of students at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. METHODS: This is a correlation study carried out at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Among 1600 students, 310 students were selected randomly as the sample...
July 2016: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
Paul A Heidenreich, Anju Sahay, Nancy Oliva, Parisa Gholami, Shoutzu Lin, Brian S Mittman, John S Rumsfeld
BACKGROUND: Hospital to Home (H2H) is a national quality improvement initiative sponsored by the Institute for Healthcare Improvement and the American College of Cardiology, with the goal of reducing readmission for patients hospitalized with heart disease. We sought to determine the impact of H2H within the Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system. METHODS: Using a controlled interrupted time series, we determined the association of VA hospital enrollment in H2H with the primary outcome of 30-day all-cause readmission following a heart failure hospitalization...
July 2016: Quality Management in Health Care
Héctor Bueno, Pieter de Graeff, Isabelle Richard-Lordereau, Joseph Emmerich, Keith Aa Fox, Carola P Friedman, Christophe Gaudin, Amany El-Gazayerly, Samantha Goldman, Melanie Hemmrich, Robert A Henderson, Anders Himmelmann, Alar Irs, Neville Jackson, Stefan K James, Hugo A Katus, Andrea Laslop, Ian Laws, Roxana Mehran, Seleen Ong, Krishna Prasad, Marco Roffi, Giuseppe Mc Rosano, Martin Rose, Peter R Sinnaeve, Wendy Gattis Stough, Kristian Thygesen, Frans Van de Werf, Claire Varin, Freek Wa Verheugt, Maria de Los Angeles Alonso García
Regulatory authorities interpret the results of randomized controlled trials according to published principles. The European Medicines Agency (EMA) is planning a revision of the 2000 and 2003 guidance documents on clinical investigation of new medicinal products for the treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) to achieve consistency with current knowledge in the field. This manuscript summarizes the key output from a collaborative workshop, organized by the Cardiovascular Round Table and the European Affairs Committee of the European Society of Cardiology, involving clinicians, academic researchers, trialists, European and US regulators, and pharmaceutical industry researchers...
June 29, 2016: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
Jeffrey H Barsuk, Elaine R Cohen, Duyhuu Nguyen, Debi Mitra, Kelly O'Hara, Yasuharu Okuda, Joe Feinglass, Kenzie A Cameron, William C McGaghie, Diane B Wayne
OBJECTIVES: Central venous catheter insertions may lead to preventable adverse events. Attending physicians' central venous catheter insertion skills are not assessed routinely. We aimed to compare attending physicians' simulated central venous catheterinsertion performance to published competency standards. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of attending physicians' simulated internal jugular and subclavian central venous catheter insertion skills versus a historical comparison group of residents who participated in simulation training...
October 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Katja Rost, Lea Stahel, Bruno S Frey
Actors of public interest today have to fear the adverse impact that stems from social media platforms. Any controversial behavior may promptly trigger temporal, but potentially devastating storms of emotional and aggressive outrage, so called online firestorms. Popular targets of online firestorms are companies, politicians, celebrities, media, academics and many more. This article introduces social norm theory to understand online aggression in a social-political online setting, challenging the popular assumption that online anonymity is one of the principle factors that promotes aggression...
2016: PloS One
Neville R Dossabhoy, Bhupinder Sangha, Mihály B Tapolyai, Tibor Fülöp
BACKGROUND: Removal of tunneled dialysis catheters (TDC) usually occurs in dedicated procedure suites and is performed relatively rarely at the bedside. Scarce evidence exists in the literature to assess the safety and success of this procedure when performed during supervised academic training. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of all TDC removals performed on an outpatient basis by nephrology fellows under faculty supervision during a 5-year period at an academic Veterans Affairs Medical Center...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
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