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Prognostic Nutritional Index

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774934/-comparison-of-clinicopathological-features-and-prognosis-analysis-between-carcinoma-in-the-remnant-stomach-and-gastric-cancer
#1
Fengke Li, Yimin Wang, Chunfeng Li, Yan Ma, Yongle Zhang, Zhiguo Li, Yingwei Xue
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinicopathological features and prognosis between patients with carcinoma in the remnant stomach (CRS) and with gastric cancer, and to investigate the prognostic factors in CRS patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on clinicopathological data of 96 CRS patients (CRS group) and selected 440 patients with gastric cancer (GC group) treated at Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital from January 1977 to December 2017...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761518/the-value-of-inflammation-based-prognostic-scores-in-patients-undergoing-surgical-resection-for-oesophageal-and-gastric-carcinoma
#2
Jiaxin Wen, Matthew Bedford, Ruksana Begum, Harriet Mitchell, James Hodson, John Whiting, Ewen Griffiths
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Surgical interventions for oesophagogastric cancer carry a significant burden of morbidity and mortality. A range of inflammation based prognostic scores have been proposed in an attempt to predict outcome. This study evaluated five such prognostic scores in oesophageal and gastric carcinoma patients. METHODS: The modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS), Neutrophil Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR), Platelet Lymphocyte Ratio (PLR), Prognostic Index (PI), and Prognostic Nutrition Index (PNI) were calculated for 723 consecutive patients undergoing oesophagectomy or gastrectomy at a single center...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753673/prevalence-and-prognostic-significance-of-malnutrition-using-3-scoring-systems-among-outpatients-with-heart-failure-a-comparison-with-body-mass-index
#3
Shirley Sze, Pierpaolo Pellicori, Syed Kazmi, Alan Rigby, John G F Cleland, Kenneth Wong, Andrew Lawrence Clark
OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to report the prevalence, clinical associations, and prognostic consequences of malnutrition in outpatients with heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND: Malnutrition may be common in HF and associated with adverse outcomes, but few data exist. METHODS: We applied the geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI), controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score, and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) to consecutive patients referred with suspected HF to a clinic serving a local population (n = 550,000)...
May 2, 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737800/prognostic-value-of-preoperative-prognostic-nutritional-index-in-stage-iii-gastric-cancer-after-curative-resection-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Hua-Xi Wang, Cun-Chuan Wang, Wah Yang, Li-Lian Gao, Shu-Qing Yu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Nutrition and inflammation play a crucial role in the development of cancer. The prognostic value of the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) has been confirmed in some types of human cancers. This study analyzed the prognostic significance of the preoperative PNI in patients with stage III gastric cancer after curative surgery. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective study, we enrolled 274 patients who underwent curative operation for stage III gastric cancer...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713147/effects-of-oral-amino-acid-supplementation-on-multidimensional-prognostic-index-in-hospitalized-older-patients-a-multicenter-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-pilot-study
#5
Stefano Volpato, Romina Custureri, Matteo Puntoni, Lara Bianchi, Julia Daragjati, Sara Garaboldi, Matteo Simonato, Antonio Greco, Emanuele Rizzo, Pierluigi Dal Santo, Antonio Mangiacotti, Ekaterini Zigoura, Giacomo Siri, Alberto Pilotto
Background: It is not known whether amino acid supplementations may influence health status in hospitalized older acutely ill patients. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine whether nutritional supplementation with amino acids (Aminoglutam® ) is associated with multidimensional improvement assessed with the Multidimensional Prognostic Index (MPI). Methods: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot clinical trial, 126 patients aged ≥65 years were enrolled from 6 Italian geriatric wards...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706396/a-novel-and-simply-calculated-nutritional-index-serves-as-a-useful-prognostic-indicator-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#6
Shinichiro Doi, Hiroshi Iwata, Hideki Wada, Takehiro Funamizu, Jun Shitara, Hirohisa Endo, Ryo Naito, Hirokazu Konishi, Shuta Tsuboi, Manabu Ogita, Tomotaka Dohi, Takatoshi Kasai, Shinya Okazaki, Kikuo Isoda, Katsumi Miyauchi, Hiroyuki Daida
OBJECTIVE: No nutritional index has been firmly established yet in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). In this study, we propose a simple to calculate nutritional indicator in patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) by using parameters routinely measured in CAD and evaluated its prognostic implication. METHODS: This study is a retrospective observational analysis of a prospective database. The subjects were consecutive 3567 patients underwent their first PCI between 2000 and 2013 at Juntendo University Hospital in Tokyo...
July 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694945/serum-obestatin-a-biomarker-of-cardiovascular-and-all-cause-mortality-in-hemodialysis-patients
#7
Ilia Beberashvili, Anna Katkov, Inna Sinuani, Ada Azar, Gregory Shapiro, Leonid Feldman, Oleg Gorelik, Kobi Stav, Shai Efrati
BACKGROUND: Recent experimental studies have suggested that obestatin, a proposed anorexigenic gut hormone and a physiological opponent of acyl-ghrelin, has protective cardiovascular effects. We tested the hypothesis that obestatin is independent of inflammatory mediators and/or acyl-ghrelin in predicting outcomes of the maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) population. METHODS: It was a 6-year cohort study on 261 MHD patients. Obestatin, acyl-ghrelin, adipokines (leptin and adiponectin), markers of inflammation and nutrition, prospective all-cause and cardiovascular mortality were studied...
April 25, 2018: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691779/nomogram-and-validity-of-a-model-for-predicting-malnutrition-in-patients-on-liver-transplant-lists
#8
María Teresa García-Rodríguez, Sonia Pértega-Díaz, Beatriz López-Calviño, María Del Carmen Piñón-Villar, Alejandra Otero-Ferreiro, Francisco Suárez-López, Manuel Gómez-Gutiérrez, María Teresa Seoane-Pillado, Salvador Pita-Fernández
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is associated with increased morbimortality in liver transplant patients, and it is important to identify factors related to nutritional status in these patients. AIMS: Determine variables associated with malnutrition and create a nomogram in liver transplant candidates. METHODS: Cross-sectional study (n = 110). VARIABLES: demographic variables, imbalances due to the disease, transplant aetiology and analytical parameters...
April 25, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691738/a-novel-physiobiological-parameter-based-grading-system-for-resectable-pancreatic-cancer
#9
Takehiro Okabayashi, Yasuo Shima, Tatsuaki Sumiyoshi, Kenta Sui, Jun Iwata, Sojiro Morita, Yasuhiro Shimada, Tatsuo Iiyama
BACKGROUND: Preoperative methods to estimate disease-specific survival (DSS) for resectable pancreatic cancer are limited. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and validate a pretreatment physiobiological prognostic model in patients with radiologically resectable pancreatic cancer. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained institutional database was undertaken to identify patients who underwent potentially curative resection for radiologically resectable pancreatic cancer...
April 24, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691162/bioimpedance-spectroscopy-as-a-practical-tool-for-the-early-detection-and-prevention-of-protein-energy-wasting-in-hemodialysis-patients
#10
Marta Arias-Guillén, Eduardo Perez, Patricia Herrera, Bárbara Romano, Raquel Ojeda, Manel Vera, José Ríos, Néstor Fontseré, Francisco Maduell
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether body composition monitor (BCM) could be a practical instrument for nephrologists to assess nutritional status in patients on hemodialysis (HD) and whether it is more effective in identifying patients at highest risk of developing protein-energy wasting (PEW) alone or in combination with other tools currently used for that purpose. DESIGN: Observational cross-sectional study in 91 HD patients (60 ± 14 years, 70.3% male, 24 ± 4...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683968/functional-correlation-between-the-pancreas-and-the-small-intestine-in-humans-the-first-evaluation-using-a-newly-developed-enteroscopy
#11
Daijuro Hayashi, Yoshiki Hirooka, Hiroki Kawashima, Eizaburo Ohno, Takuya Ishikawa, Takamichi Kuwahara, Manabu Kawai, Takeshi Yamamura, Kazuhiro Furukawa, Kohei Funasaka, Masanao Nakamura, Ryoji Miyahara, Osamu Watanabe, Masatoshi Ishigami, Senju Hashimoto, Hidemi Goto
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate a functional correlation between the pancreas and the small intestine and the association of this relationship with nutritional status, using magnifying enteroscopy. METHODS: The subjects were adults aged 20 years or older who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. An endoscope was inserted into the jejunum, and 10% glucose was sprayed under magnifying observation to evaluate changes in blood flow in the villous capillary network...
April 19, 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672297/preoperative-controlling-nutritional-status-score-predicts-mortality-after-hepatectomy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#12
Kosei Takagi, Yuzo Umeda, Ryuichi Yoshida, Daisuke Nobuoka, Takashi Kuise, Takuro Fushimi, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara, Takahito Yagi
BACKGROUND: Preoperative nutritional status is reportedly associated with postoperative outcomes in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. This study aimed to investigate the significance of the controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score and the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) as predictors of postoperative outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data from 331 patients who underwent hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma between January 2007 and December 2015...
April 19, 2018: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650296/prognostic-usefulness-of-arm-circumference-and-nutritional-screening-tools-in-older-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#13
T Nakamura, K Kamiya, A Matsunaga, N Hamazaki, R Matsuzawa, K Nozaki, S Tanaka, M Yamashita, E Maekawa, C Noda, M Yamaoka-Tojo, T Masuda, J Ako
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Arm circumference (AC) and nutritional screening tools have been shown to have prognostic capability in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study aimed to compare the prognostic predictive capabilities of AC and nutritional screening tools in older patients with CVD. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study population consisted of 949 admitted patients ≥60 years old with CVD. Patients underwent AC measurement and nutritional screening before hospital discharge...
March 2, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620449/low-lean-tissue-mass-can-be-a-predictor-of-one-year-survival-in-hemodialysis-patients
#14
Aleksandra Rymarz, Julia Gibińska, Maria Zajbt, Wiesław Piechota, Stanisław Niemczyk
PURPOSE: Nutritional status has a significant impact on the outcomes in the dialysis population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between body composition and a one-year survival of hemodialysis patients. METHODS: Forty-eight patients with chronic kidney disease stage V treated with hemodialysis for more than three months were included. Body composition was assessed by bioimpedance spectroscopy (Body Composition Monitor, Fresenius Medical Care)...
November 2018: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608256/aging-related-prognosis-analysis-of-definitive-radiotherapy-for-very-elderly-esophageal-cancer
#15
Yong-Chun Zhou, Li-Li Chen, Hong-Bo Xu, Qian Sun, Qi Zhang, Han-Fei Cai, Hao Jiang
Because of the exclusion for the patients more than 75 years (very elderly patients) in many clinical trials of esophageal cancer (EC), there is no consensus on prognosis and treatment for this population. We aim to evaluate the outcomes and aging-related prognostic factors of definitive radiotherapy (RT) for very elderly EC patients. We retrospectively analyzed 149 very elderly EC patients consecutively treated between January 2015 and June 2016 by definitive intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with or without chemotherapy...
April 2, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602015/geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-as-a-prognostic-factor-in-patients-with-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Ippei Yamana, Shinsuke Takeno, Hideki Shimaoka, Kanefumi Yamashita, Teppei Yamada, Hironari Shiwaku, Tatsuya Hashimoto, Yuichi Yamashita, Suguru Hasegawa
PURPOSE: The Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) is a new index recently introduced to predict the risk of nutrition-related complications and mortality. Our aim is to examine the association between the GNRI and long-term prognosis in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) who underwent esophagectomy. METHODS: The present study enrolled consecutive 216 patients with ESCC who underwent esophagectomy. The GNRI at admission to the hospital was calculated as follows: (1...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599053/the-omega-6-omega-3-ratio-a-critical-appraisal-and-possible-successor
#17
REVIEW
William S Harris
The well-known health effects of the long-chain, marine omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids (FAs) has led to a growing interest in the prognostic value that blood levels of these FAs might have vis-à-vis cardiovascular and neurocognitive diseases. The measurement and expression of n-3 FA levels is not straight-forward, however, and a wide variety of means of expression of n-3 FA status have been used in research and clinical medicine. This has led to considerable confusion as to what "optimal" n-3 FA status is...
March 20, 2018: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590085/factors-affecting-mortality-in-elderly-patients-who-underwent-surgery-for-gastric-cancer
#18
Selami Ilgaz Kayılıoglu, Ufuk Utku Göktug, Tolga Dinc, Isa Sozen, Zeynep Yavuz, Faruk Coskun
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine factors affecting overall mortality in patients over 60 years of age who underwent surgery for gastric cancer in our clinic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data on histopathological diagnosis (tumor size, lymph node status, and number), pathological stage, serum albumin level, tumor markers, complete blood count, and demographic information of 109 patients over 60 years of age who had surgery for gastric cancer between January 2011 and July 2016 were obtained retrospectively from the patient files...
March 5, 2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581564/prognostic-impact-of-early-nutritional-support-in-patients-affected-by-locally-advanced-and-metastatic-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-undergoing-chemotherapy
#19
Ilaria Trestini, Luisa Carbognin, Isabella Sperduti, Clelia Bonaiuto, Alessandra Auriemma, Davide Melisi, Lisa Salvatore, Emilio Bria, Giampaolo Tortora
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The aim of this analysis was to determine the risk of malnutrition and the prognostic value of nutritional intervention in patients affected by pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) undergoing chemotherapy. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Clinical-pathological and nutritional data were correlated with overall survival (OS) using a Cox model. Nutritional status was determined by Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), body mass index, weight loss in the past 6 months, presence of nutrition-related symptoms, and current energy intake...
March 26, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554268/prognostic-impact-of-main-frailty-domain-trajectories-on-5-year-mortality-in-very-old-adults-results-from-the-partage-cohort-study
#20
Nelly Agrinier, Marie-Line Erpelding, Carlos Labat, Sylvie Gautier, Francis Guillemin, Athanase Benetos
The objectives were to identify trajectories of nutrition, cognitive function and autonomy over time in very old adults and to assess their impact on mortality. A cohort, including subjects aged≥80 years in 2007-2008, who were followed for 5 years, in 72 Italian and French nursing homes, was used for post-hoc analyses. Body mass index (BMI), Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), and index of activities of daily living (ADL) were assessed at 4 time points. Vital status was collected during the follow-up. Latent trajectory and Cox models were used...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
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