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Prognostic Nutritional Index

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644887/sarcopenia-is-a-predictive-factor-for-intestinal-resection-in-admitted-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#1
Shigeki Bamba, Masaya Sasaki, Azusa Takaoka, Kenichiro Takahashi, Hirotsugu Imaeda, Atsushi Nishida, Osamu Inatomi, Mitsushige Sugimoto, Akira Andoh
The relationship between skeletal muscle volume and the prognosis of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains undetermined. We conducted a retrospective study of 72 IBD patients who were admitted to the hospital due to disease exacerbation. We enrolled IBD patients who had undergone abdominal computed tomography and assessed the nutritional indices, such as the Onodera's prognostic nutritional index (O-PNI) and the controlling nutritional status (CONUT) index. The L3 skeletal muscle index (SMI), which is the ratio of the cross-sectional area of skeletal muscles at the level of the third lumbar (L3) vertebra to the height squared, was used to identify sarcopenia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637046/the-preoperative-composite-physiologic-index-may-predict-mortality-in-lung-cancer-patients-with-combined-pulmonary-fibrosis-and-emphysema
#2
Fumika Ueno, Yoshiaki Kitaguchi, Takayuki Shiina, Shiho Asaka, Kentaro Miura, Masanori Yasuo, Yosuke Wada, Akihiko Yoshizawa, Masayuki Hanaoka
BACKGROUND: It remains unclear whether the preoperative pulmonary function parameters and prognostic indices that are indicative of nutritional and immunological status are associated with prognosis in lung cancer patients with combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema (CPFE) who have undergone surgery. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to identify prognostic determinants in these patients. METHODS: The medical records of all patients with lung cancer associated with CPFE who had undergone surgery at Shinshu University Hospital were retrospectively reviewed to obtain clinical data, including the results of preoperative pulmonary function tests and laboratory examinations, chest high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT), and survival...
June 22, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634674/prognostic-impact-of-nutritional-status-assessed-by-the-controlling-nutritional-status-score-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#3
Hideki Wada, Tomotaka Dohi, Katsumi Miyauchi, Shinichiro Doi, Hirokazu Konishi, Ryo Naito, Shuta Tsuboi, Manabu Ogita, Takatoshi Kasai, Shinya Okazaki, Kikuo Isoda, Satoru Suwa, Hiroyuki Daida
BACKGROUND: Recently, malnutrition has been shown to be related to worse clinical outcomes in patients with heart failure. However, the association between nutritional status and clinical outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) remains unclear. We investigated the prognostic value of malnutrition assessed by the Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT; range 0-12, higher = worse, consisting of serum albumin, cholesterol and lymphocytes) score in patients with CAD. METHODS: The CONUT score was measured on admission in a total of 1987 patients with stable CAD who underwent elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) between 2000 and 2011...
June 20, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615514/prognostic-value-of-the-c-reactive-protein-prognostic-nutritional-index-ratio-after-hip-fracture-surgery-in-the-elderly-population
#4
Hanru Ren, Lianghao Wu, Wankun Hu, Xiuzhang Ye, Baoqing Yu
BACKGROUND: More and more older patients receive the surgery after hip fracture. However, the mortality rate is high. Prognostic nutritional index (PNI) is associated with prognosis in hip fracture patients. In the current study, we proposed a novel prognostic score, named c-reactive protein/PNI ratio (CRP/PNI ratio), for predicting the prognosis for geriatric orthopedic population. METHODS: This is a prospective study. Eighty cases of hip fracture surgery in the elderly population were studied to reveal the relationship between the CRP/PNI ratio and the clinicopathological characteristics of the elderly patients...
May 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607442/prognostic-nutritional-index-predicts-clinical-outcome-in-patients-with-acute-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-undergoing-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#5
Qing-Jie Chen, Hui-Juan Qu, Dong-Ze Li, Xiao-Mei Li, Jia-Jun Zhu, Yang Xiang, Lei Li, Yi-Tong Ma, Yi-Ning Yang
We aimed to investigate whether the prognostic nutritional index (PNI), a combined nutritional-inflammatory score based on serum albumin levels and lymphocyte count, was associated with mortality in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). From September 2011 to November 2014, 309 consecutive patients with STEMI undergoing pPCI were prospectively enrolled. Patients with a combined score of albumin (g/L) + 5 × total lymphocyte count × 10(9)/L ≥ 45 or <45 were assigned a PNI score of 0 or 1, respectively...
June 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596503/significance-of-nlda-the-commixed-index-of-inflammation-immune-responses-hemostasis-and-nutrition-for-predicting-metastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-prognosis-and-metastases
#6
Wen-Wen Sun, Jia-An Hu, Wen-Quan Niu, Bei-Li Gao, Zhi-Hong Xu
PURPOSE: This study aimed to take a comprehensive review of the hematological indexes and discover a novel, comprehensive, and economical index for prognostic prediction. RESULTS: The predictive prognostic model revealed that an elevated value of NLDA (NLDA = neutrophil count/lymphocyte count × D-dimer count/albumin) was an independent risk factor for one-year adverse prognosis (hazard ratio = 3.038; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.959-4.712; P < 0.001). The C-indexes of internal and external validation in nomogram were 0...
May 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578683/preoperative-prognostic-nutritional-index-is-a-significant-predictor-of-survival-with-bladder-cancer-after-radical-cystectomy-a-retrospective-study
#7
Ding Peng, Yan-Qing Gong, Han Hao, Zhi-Song He, Xue-Song Li, Cui-Jian Zhang, Li-Qun Zhou
BACKGROUND: To explore the prognostic significance of preoperative prognostic nutritional index (PNI) in bladder cancer after radical cystectomy and compare the prognostic ability of inflammation-based indices. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data for 516 patients with bladder cancer who underwent radical cystectomy in our institution between 2006 to 2012. Clinicopathologic characteristics and inflammation-based indices (PNI, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio [NLR], platelet/lymphocyte ratio [PLR], lymphocyte/monocyte ratio [LMR]) were evaluated by pre-treatment measurements...
June 2, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575242/prognostic-significance-of-the-prognostic-nutritional-index-in-esophageal-cancer-patients-undergoing-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#8
M Nakatani, K Migita, S Matsumoto, K Wakatsuki, M Ito, H Nakade, T Kunishige, M Kitano, H Kanehiro
Nutritional status is one of the most important issues faced by cancer patients. Several studies have shown that a low preoperative nutritional status is associated with a worse prognosis in patients with various types of cancer, including esophageal cancer (EC). Recently, neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and/or radiotherapy have been accepted as the standard treatment for resectable advanced EC. However, NAC has the potential to deteriorate the nutritional status of a patient. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic significance of the nutritional status for EC patients who underwent NAC...
August 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569598/associations-between-nutritional-parameters-and-clinicopathologic-factors-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer-a-comprehensive-study
#9
Adam Brewczyński, Beata Jabłońska, Krzysztof Pawlicki
The aim of this study was to assess and analyze the nutritional status of gastric cancer (GC) patients. The analysis included 207 patients with GC treated in a large center of oncology. Patients were divided into two groups according to the cutoff value of the mean prognostic nutritional index (PNI): those with a PNI < 52.78 and those with a PNI ≥ 52.78. The higher PNI was associated with lower age and higher total protein and hemoglobin levels (P < 0.01). The total lymphocyte count (P = 0.02), albumin, total protein and PNI (P < 0...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559774/geriatric-nutrition-risk-index-is-an-important-predictor-of-cancer-specific-survival-but-not-recurrence-free-survival-in-patients-undergoing-surgical-resection-for-non-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma
#10
Hideaki Miyake, Hiromoto Tei, Masato Fujisawa
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess the prognostic value of the Geriatric Nutrition Risk Index (GNRI), a simplified, objective screening parameter of nutrition-related risk for various pathological conditions, on patients with non-metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) who underwent surgical resection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 432 consecutive patients with non-metastatic RCC who received complete surgical resection. The prognostic outcomes of these patients were evaluated focusing on the significance of GNRI, calculated from serum albumin and the body mass index...
April 2017: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556902/comparison-of-the-prognostic-values-of-selected-inflammation-based-scores-in-patients-with-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma-a-pilot-study
#11
Ke Jiang, Jianyong Lei, Canjun Li, Kunpeng Shu, Wenbin Li, Yuwei Zhang, Zhihui Li, Rixiang Gong, Jingqiang Zhu
BACKGROUND: The significance of inflammation based scores including the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), derived neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (dNLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and plasma fibrinogen remains unclear in medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). We aimed to compare the prognostic value of these scores. METHODS: Seventy-eight patients newly diagnosed as MTC with operation in our institution from May 2009 to September 2016 were retrospectively evaluated...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549896/concordance-among-methods-of-nutritional-assessment-in-patients-included-on-the-waiting-list-for-liver-transplantation
#12
María Teresa García-Rodríguez, Beatriz López-Calviño, María Del Carmen Piñón-Villar, Alejandra Otero-Ferreiro, Francisco Suárez-López, Manuel Gómez-Gutiérrez, Sonia Pértega-Díaz, María Teresa Seoane-Pillado, Salvador Pita-Fernández
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to determine the extent of malnutrition in patients waiting for a liver transplant. The agreement among the methods of nutritional assessment and their diagnostic validity were evaluated. METHODS: Patients on the waiting list for liver transplantation (n = 110) were studied. The variables were: body mass index, analytical parameters, liver disease etiology, and complications. Liver dysfunction was evaluated using the Child-Pugh Scale...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534554/-relation-between-preoperative-prognostic-onodera-s-index-and-postsurgery-complications-in-the-r0-gastric-carcinoma-resection
#13
F Borda, C Miranda, A Borda, E Echeverría, A Guerra, J J Iñigo, J M Zozaya
BACKGROUND: It has been postulated in the Asian literature that a low prognostic nutritional index (OI) could be associated with a higher rate of complications following radical gastric cancer surgery, but there is a lack of data concerning western countries. The aim is to analyze the relationship between a low preoperative OI and the frequency and severity of surgical complications in R0 gastric cancer resection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the present article, 124 cases of gastric cancer with R0 resection were reviewed...
April 30, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533984/predictive-ability-of-the-mini-nutritional-assessment-short-form-mna-sf-in-a-free-living-elderly-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Raimunda Montejano Lozoya, Nieves Martínez-Alzamora, Gonzalo Clemente Marín, Silamani J A Guirao-Goris, Rosa María Ferrer-Diego
BACKGROUND: Various scales have been used to perform a quick and first level nutritional assessment, and the MNA is one of the most used and recommended by experts in the elderly in all areas. This scale has a short form, the MNA-SF, revised and validated in 2009, which has two versions: the BMI-MNA-SF contains the first six items of the full scale including Body Mass Index while the CC-MNA-SF includes Calf Circumference instead of BMI. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive ability for nutritional status of the two versions of the MNA-SF against the MNA in free-living elderly in the province of Valencia...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528087/prognostic-value-of-inflammatory-and-nutritional-scores-in-renal-cell-carcinoma-after-nephrectomy
#15
Ding Peng, Zhi-Song He, Xue-Song Li, Qi Tang, Lei Zhang, Kai-Wei Yang, Xiao-Teng Yu, Cui-Jian Zhang, Li-Qun Zhou
INTRODUCTION: We compared the prognostic significance of inflammatory and nutritional scores, including the prognostic nutritional index (PNI), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) undergoing nephrectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data from 1360 patients with RCC undergoing nephrectomy from 2001 to 2010. The PNI was calculated as the serum albumin level (g/L) + 5 × lymphocyte count (10(9)/L)...
April 27, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524706/cachexia-stage-patient-generated-subjective-global-assessment-phase-angle-and-handgrip-strength-in-patients-with-gastrointestinal-cancer
#16
Gislaine Aparecida Ozorio, Katia Barão, Nora Manoukian Forones
The aim of this study was to correlate patients with gastrointestinal cancer, classified according to different stages of cancer cachexia (SCC) as proposed by Fearon, with nutritional assessment tools such as PG-SGA, phase angle (PA), and handgrip strength. One hundred one patients with a mean age of 61.8 ± 12.8 yr, with 58.4% being men were included. 32.6% were malnourished according to the body mass index (BMI). A severe or moderate malnutrition had been diagnosed in 63.3% when assessed using the PG-SGA, 60...
May 19, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523484/postoperative-prognostic-nutritional-index-predicts-survival-of-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-within-milan-criteria-and-hypersplenism
#17
Xiaoyun Zhang, Chuan Li, Tianfu Wen, Wei Peng, Lunan Yan, Jiayin Yang
BACKGROUND: To investigate the predictable value of postprognostic nutritional index (PNI) for patients who are suffering hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) within Milan criteria and hypersplenism with well-preserved liver function after curative resection. METHODS: Patients were divided into two groups: group A (postoperative PNI < 53.05, n = 280) and group B (postoperative PNI ≥ 53.05, n = 109), according to cutoff value of receiver-operating characteristic curve...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479010/prognostic-value-of-combined-preoperative-prognostic-nutritional-index-and-body-mass-index-in-hcc-after-hepatectomy
#18
Fei Ji, Yao Liang, Shunjun Fu, Dubo Chen, XiuQin Cai, Shaoqiang Li, Baogang Peng, Lijian Liang, Yunpeng Hua
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition and immunological status are associated with survival in many cancers. Prognostic nutritional index (PNI) and body mass index (BMI) are recognized immune-nutritional indices and associated with postoperative outcome in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. However, this association is still controversial. Our aim was to determine whether the combination of PNI and BMI is better than either alone in HCC patients' prognosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Preoperative PNI and BMI, patient demographics, clinical and pathological data from 322 HCC patients were collected and analyzed...
May 3, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476186/importance-of-nutrition-in-the-treatment-of-leukemia-in-children-and-adolescents
#19
REVIEW
Ronald D Barr, David Gomez-Almaguer, Jose Carlos Jaime-Perez, Guillermo J Ruiz-Argüelles
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Malnutrition has been identified as a prognostic factor in children and adolescents with leukemia. METHODS: A review of the data available on this topic has been carried out. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: In children and adolescents (0-19 years of age), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the commonest form of cancer worldwide and malnutrition is prevalent in this age group, especially in low- and middle-income countries where most of these young people live...
November 2016: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447961/does-the-preoperative-prognostic-nutritional-index-predict-postoperative-complications-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-who-underwent-curative-resection
#20
Cem Emir Guldogan, Erdinç Çetinkaya, Ozgur Akgul, Mesut Tez
AIM: Malnutrition is a common and very important issue in colorectal cancer patients.The immunological and nutritional status of these patients have been reported to be correlated with the postoperative complications.The prognostic nutritional index (PNI) is an effective and simple parameter, initially created to evaluate preoperative surgical risks. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of PNI in patients with colorectal cancer who underwent surgery. METHODS: One hundred eighty patients who underwent curative colorectal resections for colorectal cancer were included in this retrospective study...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
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