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Prognostic Nutritional Index

Masano Sagawa, Hirokazu Yagawa, Souichi Konno, Atsuko Usuda, Hiroyuki Maeda, Kanu Kim, Toshifumi Watanabe, Emiko Yamaya, Takebumi Usui, Hajime Yokomizo, Kazuhiko Yoshimatsu, Takeshi Shimakawa, Takao Katsube, Yoshihiko Naritaka
BACKGROUND: We examined the significance of neutrophil lymphocyte ratio(NLR)in gastric cancer and colon cancer in the perioperative period. METHOD: There were 46 patients(21 with gastric cancer and 25 with colon cancer). We examined the association between preoperative NLR and other indicators of nutritional status, as well as the relationship between preoperative NLR and the incidence of postoperative complications(all complications/infectious complications). RESULT: NLR was higher in those with zinc<65 mg, prognostic nutritional index(PNI)≤40, and modified Glasgow prognostic score(mGPS)of 2 (p<0...
October 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Gonçalo Nunes, Carla Adriana Santos, Miguel Grunho, Jorge Fonseca
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is common in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and may result in malnutrition. Endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is recommended when oral feeding is unsafe. This work aims to assess the effectiveness and safety of PEG feeding on improving nutritional and prognostic parameters in ALS patients. METHODS: Observational and retrospective study using records from ALS patients referred for gastrostomy. Age, gender and mortality data were collected. NRS 2002, body mass index (BMI), serum albumin, transferrin and total cholesterol were recorded at the time of PEG (T0) and repeated after 3 months (T3)...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Masau Sekiguchi, Ichiro Oda, Haruhisa Suzuki, Seiichiro Abe, Satoru Nonaka, Shigetaka Yoshinaga, Hirokazu Taniguchi, Shigeki Sekine, Yutaka Saito
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although the number of gastric cancer patients aged ≥85 years indicated for endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has increased, little is known about their outcomes and prognostic factors. This study aimed to investigate the clinical outcomes and factors prognostic of overall survival (OS) of patients aged ≥85 years who underwent ESD for gastric cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 108 patients aged ≥85 years with 149 gastric cancers treated by ESD between 1999 and 2014 at our institution...
October 14, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Gan-Bao Wei, Yao-Yong Lu, Rong-Wei Liao, Qing-Sheng Chen, Kun-Qiang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of Onodera's prognostic nutritional index (PNI) in patients with metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS: A total of 187 patients with metastatic NPC treated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy were retrospectively reviewed. The PNI was calculated using the following formula: serum albumin level (gram per liter) +0.005× peripheral lymphocyte count (per cubic millimeter). A receiver operating characteristics curve for overall survival (OS) with the highest Youden index was determined to calculate the best cutoff value of PNI...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Ryuma Tokunaga, Yasuo Sakamoto, Shigeki Nakagawa, Mayuko Ohuchi, Daisuke Izumi, Keisuke Kosumi, Katsunobu Taki, Takaaki Higashi, Yuji Miyamoto, Naoya Yoshida, Eiji Oki, Masayuki Watanabe, Hideo Baba
BACKGROUND: Controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score, calculated from serum albumin and total cholesterol concentrations and total lymphocyte count, is reportedly valuable for nutritional assessment. This study investigated whether CONUT score was predictive of outcomes in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients undergoing surgical resection. METHODS: Preoperative CONUT scores were retrospectively evaluated in 417 CRC patients who underwent potentially curative resection at Kumamoto University Hospital from March 2005 to August 2014...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Yan Deng, Qing Pang, Jian-Bin Bi, Xing Zhang, Ling-Qiang Zhang, Yan-Yan Zhou, Run-Chen Miao, Wei Chen, Kai Qu, Chang Liu
The pretreatment nutritional and immunological status play indispensable roles in predicting the outcome of patients with various types of malignancies. The aim of the study was to investigate whether preoperative prognostic nutritional index (PNI), which simply accounts for nutritional and immunological status, was associated with overall survival (OS) in patients with gallbladder carcinoma (GBC). The retrospective study included a total of 315 GBC patients after surgery between 2002 and 2012. PNI was calculated according to the following formula: 10× serum albumin (g/dl) +0...
October 8, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Jia Qing Gong, Yong Kuan Cao, Guo Hu Zhang, Pei Hong Wang, Guo De Luo
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is no optimal digestive tract reconstruction technique well recognized by scholars after total gastrectomy. In this study, a new reconstruction method, which is modified from the classic Roux-en-Y procedure, an uncut jejunal esophageal anastomosis with double jejunal pouch (UJEA-DJP) was established, and its advantages for improving the quality of life of patients who undergo total gastrectomy were analyzed. METHODS: Altogether 160 patients with gastric cancer enrolled in our center from September 2009 to March 2012 received radical D2 total gastrectomy...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Koji Mikami, Kimikazu Hirano, Kitarou Futami, Takafumi Maekawa
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Elderly patients with gastric cancer can receive standard gastrectomy or gastrectomy with reduced nodal dissection, i.e., limited surgery, in order to prevent postoperative complications. This study evaluated the feasibility of gastrectomy with limited surgery for elderly patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: A total of 267 elderly patients (≥70 years old) were divided into two groups according to the level of nodal dissection: patients who received nodal dissection according to guidelines were included in the standard surgery group (standard group), and those who received reduced nodal dissection were included in the limited surgery group (limited group)...
September 29, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
J Miao, W Xiao, L Wang, F Han, H Wu, X Deng, X Guo, C Zhao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Adam J Kuchnia, Levi M Teigen, Abigail J Cole, Urvashi Mulasi, M Cristina Gonzalez, Steven B Heymsfield, David M Vock, Carrie P Earthman
BACKGROUND: Raw bioimpedance parameters (eg, 50-kHz phase angle [PA] and 200-kHz/5-kHz impedance ratio [IR]) have been investigated as predictors of nutrition status and/or clinical outcomes. However, their validity as prognostic measures depends on the availability of appropriate reference data. Using a large and ethnically diverse data set, we aimed to determine if ethnicity influences these measures and provide expanded bioimpedance reference data for the U.S. POPULATION: HASH(0x3e6cd00) METHODS: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) is an ongoing compilation of studies conducted by the U...
September 26, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Yeonjoo Choi, Jin Won Kim, Kyung Han Nam, Song-Hee Han, Ji-Won Kim, Sang-Hoon Ahn, Do Joong Park, Keun-Wook Lee, Hye Seung Lee, Hyung-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) are markers of systemic inflammation known to be useful prognostic indicators of malignancy. However, little evidence has defined the influence of inflammation on the tumor microenvironment. METHODS: Two hundred eighty-eight patients who underwent curative surgery for gastric cancer were included. Preoperative peripheral blood samples were used to analyze the NLR and PNI...
September 24, 2016: Gastric Cancer
Annic Baumgartner, Noemi Zueger, Annika Bargetzi, Michael Medinger, Jakob R Passweg, Zeno Stanga, Beat Mueller, Mario Bargetzi, Philipp Schuetz
INTRODUCTION: In acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients undergoing allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), there is uncertainty about the extent of influence nutritional parameters have on clinical outcomes. In this study, we investigated the association between initial body mass index (BMI) and weight loss during HSCT on clinical outcomes in a well-characterised cohort of AML patients. METHODS: We analysed data of the Basel stem-cell transplantation registry ('KMT Kohorte') including all patients with AML undergoing first allogeneic HSCT from January 2003 to January 2014...
September 17, 2016: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Vlatka Periša, Lada Zibar, Ana Knezović, Igor Periša, Jasminka Sinčić-Petričević, Igor Aurer
BACKGROUND: The prognostic nutritional index (PNI), an indicator of nutritional status and systemic inflammation, is associated with short-term and long-term outcomes of various malignancies. The prognostic value of PNI in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to determine the prognostic value of baseline PNI in DLBCL patients. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from 103 DLBCL patients treated with R‑CHOP or R‑CHOP-like regimens...
September 8, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Junzhong Lin, Jianhong Peng, Aiham Qdaisat, Liren Li, Gong Chen, Zhenhai Lu, Xiaojun Wu, Yuanhong Gao, Zhifan Zeng, Peirong Ding, Zhizhong Pan
PURPOSE: In addition to tumor factors, poor nutritional status before and during anti-tumor treatment might compromise prognosis in several types of cancer. This study was done to determine the impact of weight loss during preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) on the survival outcome of patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). METHODS: The retrospective study examined consecutive patients with LARC who underwent preoperative CRT followed by radical resection in a single institute, between 2003 and 2013...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Whi-An Kwon, Sohee Kim, Sung Han Kim, Jae Young Joung, Ho Kyung Seo, Kang Hyun Lee, Jinsoo Chung
BACKGROUND: In the present study we examined the effect of the Prognostic Nutritional Index (PNI) on the overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) treated with targeted therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 125 patients with metastatic RCC. Pretreatment PNI was calculated as 10 × serum albumin (g/dL) + 0.005 × total lymphocyte count (per mm(3)). Univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess the correlation between pretreatment PNI and OS and PFS...
August 8, 2016: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
A Borda, F Borda, J Vila, I Fernández Urién, J M Zozaya, A Guerra
BACKGROUND: The Prognostic Nutritional Index (PNI) combines the values of circulating lymphocytes and serum albumin and, in the Asian literature; it has been related with the prognosis following R0 resection of gastric cancer. No results are available in Western countries. We study the possible independent prognostic value, at the moment of the tumour's diagnosis, of PNI on survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We review 234 consecutive gastric carcinomas, calculating global survival and tumour-specific survival...
2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
Steven D Barger, Matthew R Cribbet, Matthew F Muldoon
BACKGROUND: Participant-reported health status is a key indicator of cardiovascular health, but its predictive value relative to traditional and nontraditional risk factors is unknown. We evaluated whether participant-reported health status, as indexed by self-rated health, predicted cardiovascular disease, and all-cause mortality risk excess of 10-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk scores and 5 nontraditional risk biomarkers. METHODS AND RESULTS: Analyses used prospective observational data from the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys among those aged 40 to 79 years (N=4677)...
2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Sung Hee Yoo, Hyun Yi Kook, Young Joon Hong, Ju Han Kim, Youngkeun Ahn, Myung Ho Jeong
BACKGROUND: Although the effect of overweight or obesity on clinical outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) has been reported, the effect of undernutrition is not as well understood. Therefore, we investigated whether acute MI patients frequently present with undernutrition, and whether this influences poor clinical outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry database, we screened initial data on acute MI patients admitted within 48h of symptom onset to a tertiary university hospital between November 1, 2011 and May 31, 2015...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Cardiology
Wei Zhou, Qian Cao, Weilin Qi, Yunyun Xu, Wei Liu, Jianjian Xiang, Bangbo Xia
BACKGROUND: Bowel resection is required in the majority of patients with Crohn's disease (CD) during their lifetime. The Prognostic Nutritional Index (PNI) is a useful tool for predicting postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing cancer surgery. We examined the ability of the PNI to predict short-term outcomes in patients with CD-related bowel resection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-three patients who underwent bowel resection for CD were retrospectively enrolled in the study...
August 26, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Sheng Chen, Xun Yang, Ji-Feng Feng
BACKGROUND: Inflammation plays a critical role in cancer prognosis. In the current study, we proposed a novel inflammation-based prognostic score, named c-reactive protein/prognostic nutritional index ratio (CRP/PNI ratio), for predicting the prognosis for patients with resectable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). RESULTS: The optimal cut-off value was 0.10 for CRP/PNI ratio according to the ROC curve. Patients with CRP/PNI ratio ≤0.10 had a significantly better 5-year CSS compared to CRP/PNI ratio >0...
August 19, 2016: Oncotarget
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