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Prognostic Nutritional Index

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528087/prognostic-value-of-inflammatory-and-nutritional-scores-in-renal-cell-carcinoma-after-nephrectomy
#1
Ding Peng, Zhi-Song He, Xue-Song Li, Qi Tang, Lei Zhang, Kai-Wei Yang, Xiao-Teng Yu, Cui-Jian Zhang, Li-Qun Zhou
INTRODUCTION: We compared the prognostic significance of inflammatory and nutritional scores, including the prognostic nutritional index (PNI), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) undergoing nephrectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data from 1360 patients with RCC undergoing nephrectomy from 2001 to 2010. The PNI was calculated as the serum albumin level (g/L) + 5 × lymphocyte count (10(9)/L)...
April 27, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524706/cachexia-stage-patient-generated-subjective-global-assessment-phase-angle-and-handgrip-strength-in-patients-with-gastrointestinal-cancer
#2
Gislaine Aparecida Ozorio, Katia Barão, Nora Manoukian Forones
The aim of this study was to correlate patients with gastrointestinal cancer, classified according to different stages of cancer cachexia (SCC) as proposed by Fearon, with nutritional assessment tools such as PG-SGA, phase angle (PA), and handgrip strength. One hundred one patients with a mean age of 61.8 ± 12.8 yr, with 58.4% being men were included. 32.6% were malnourished according to the body mass index (BMI). A severe or moderate malnutrition had been diagnosed in 63.3% when assessed using the PG-SGA, 60...
May 19, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523484/postoperative-prognostic-nutritional-index-predicts-survival-of-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-within-milan-criteria-and-hypersplenism
#3
Xiaoyun Zhang, Chuan Li, Tianfu Wen, Wei Peng, Lunan Yan, Jiayin Yang
BACKGROUND: To investigate the predictable value of postprognostic nutritional index (PNI) for patients who are suffering hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) within Milan criteria and hypersplenism with well-preserved liver function after curative resection. METHODS: Patients were divided into two groups: group A (postoperative PNI < 53.05, n = 280) and group B (postoperative PNI ≥ 53.05, n = 109), according to cutoff value of receiver-operating characteristic curve...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479010/prognostic-value-of-combined-preoperative-prognostic-nutritional-index-and-body-mass-index-in-hcc-after-hepatectomy
#4
Fei Ji, Yao Liang, Shunjun Fu, Dubo Chen, XiuQin Cai, Shaoqiang Li, Baogang Peng, Lijian Liang, Yunpeng Hua
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition and immunological status are associated with survival in many cancers. Prognostic nutritional index (PNI) and body mass index (BMI) are recognized immune-nutritional indices and associated with postoperative outcome in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. However, this association is still controversial. Our aim was to determine whether the combination of PNI and BMI is better than either alone in HCC patients' prognosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Preoperative PNI and BMI, patient demographics, clinical and pathological data from 322 HCC patients were collected and analyzed...
May 3, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476186/importance-of-nutrition-in-the-treatment-of-leukemia-in-children-and-adolescents
#5
REVIEW
Ronald D Barr, David Gomez-Almaguer, Jose Carlos Jaime-Perez, Guillermo J Ruiz-Argüelles
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Malnutrition has been identified as a prognostic factor in children and adolescents with leukemia. METHODS: A review of the data available on this topic has been carried out. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: In children and adolescents (0-19 years of age), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the commonest form of cancer worldwide and malnutrition is prevalent in this age group, especially in low- and middle-income countries where most of these young people live...
November 2016: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447961/does-the-preoperative-prognostic-nutritional-index-predict-postoperative-complications-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-who-underwent-curative-resection
#6
Cem Emir Guldogan, Erdinç Çetinkaya, Ozgur Akgul, Mesut Tez
AIM: Malnutrition is a common and very important issue in colorectal cancer patients.The immunological and nutritional status of these patients have been reported to be correlated with the postoperative complications.The prognostic nutritional index (PNI) is an effective and simple parameter, initially created to evaluate preoperative surgical risks. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of PNI in patients with colorectal cancer who underwent surgery. METHODS: One hundred eighty patients who underwent curative colorectal resections for colorectal cancer were included in this retrospective study...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445257/do-inflammatory-markers-predict-prognosis-in-patients-with-synchronous-colorectal-cancer
#7
Wanbin He, Mingtian Wei, Xuyang Yang, Bingchen Chen, Qingbin Wu, Erliang Zheng, XiangBing Deng, Ziqiang Wang
Systematic inflammatory response markers are considered as the most informative prognostic factors in many types of cancer. However, in synchronous colorectal cancer (synCRC), the prognostic value of inflammatory markers, including prognostic nutritional index (PNI), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), derived neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (d-NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), had rarely been evaluated. Thus, this present study reviewed our consecutive patients with synCRC to investigate the prognostic value of those factors...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442919/gastric-cancer-nutritional-status-and-outcome
#8
Xuechao Liu, Haibo Qiu, Pengfei Kong, Zhiwei Zhou, Xiaowei Sun
BACKGROUND: We aim to investigate the prognostic value of several nutrition-based indices, including the prognostic nutritional index (PNI), performance status, body mass index, serum albumin, and preoperative body weight loss in patients with gastric cancer (GC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the records of 1,330 consecutive patients with GC undergoing curative surgery between October 2000 and September 2012. The relationship between nutrition-based indices and overall survival (OS) was examined using Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression model...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442246/prognostic-impact-of-nutritional-risk-assessment-in-patients-with-chronic-schizophrenia
#9
Ming-Tsun Tsai, Tien-Hao Chang, Bo-Jian Wu
Protein-energy wasting is associated with poor outcome in various clinical settings. However, the prevalence of malnutrition and the prognostic impact of nutritional status are poorly understood in institutionalized patients with chronic schizophrenia. This study aimed to assess the predictive ability of the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index and Onodera's Prognostic Nutritional Index for long-term outcomes in patients with chronic schizophrenia. All measurements, including nutritional scores, were performed at baseline after the enrollment of 542 (64...
April 22, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441658/risk-factors-for-anastomotic-leakage-of-esophagojejunostomy-after-laparoscopy-assisted-total-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#10
Masanori Oshi, Chikara Kunisaki, Hiroshi Miyamoto, Takashi Kosaka, Hirotoshi Akiyama, Itaru Endo
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The study aimed to clarify the risk factors for anastomotic leakage after laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) for gastric cancer. METHODS: In this study, we enrolled 131 patients with preoperatively diagnosed early gastric cancer who underwent LATG by a single surgeon between June 2006 and February 2014 at the Department of Surgery, Gastroenterological Center, Yokohama City University. Risk factors for anastomotic leakage (esophagojejunostomy) after LATG were retrospectively evaluated by univariate and multivariate analyses...
April 26, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438373/geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-as-a-nutritional-and-survival-risk-assessment-tool-in-stable-outpatients-with-systolic-heart-failure
#11
L Sargento, A Vicente Simões, J Rodrigues, S Longo, N Lousada, R Palma Dos Reis
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Malnutrition is frequent in heart failure (HF). However, the best tool for evaluating malnutrition in geriatric patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the incremental prognostic value of the geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) in stable geriatric outpatients with HFrEF compared with a clinical/laboratory prognostic model. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 143 outpatients with HFrEF, aged >65 years, a LVEF <40%, and who were stable and on optimal therapy were studied...
May 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433217/clinical-significance-of-prognostic-nutritional-index-after-surgical-treatment-in-lung-cancer
#12
Satoru Okada, Junichi Shimada, Daishiro Kato, Hiroaki Tsunezuka, Satoshi Teramukai, Masayoshi Inoue
BACKGROUND: The prognostic nutritional index (PNI), calculated as 10 × serum albumin (g/dL) + 0.005 × total lymphocyte count (cells/mm(3)), can reportedly predict postoperative complications and prognosis for various types of malignancy. However, the clinical significance and prognostic value of the PNI for both short- and long-term outcomes remains uncertain in patients with lung cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 248 patients with completely resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)...
April 19, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431566/the-prognostic-value-of-the-preoperative-c-reactive-protein-albumin-ratio-in-ovarian-cancer
#13
Yubo Liu, Shengfu Chen, Chengyu Zheng, Miao Ding, Lan Zhang, Liangan Wang, Meiqing Xie, Jianhua Zhou
BACKGROUND: Inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of ovarian cancer. This study sought to investigate the association between the preoperative c-reactive protein/albumin ratio (CRP/Alb) and oncological outcomes in ovarian cancer patients. METHODS: Two hundred patients with histologically verified ovarian cancer between June 2006 and July 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Overall survival was evaluated by the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test...
April 21, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421348/the-basal-nutritional-state-of-pdac-patients-is-the-dominant-factor-for-completing-adjuvant-chemotherapy
#14
Daisaku Yamada, Hidetoshi Eguchi, Tadafumi Asaoka, Hideo Tomihara, Takehiro Noda, Hiroshi Wada, Koichi Kawamoto, Kunihito Gotoh, Yutaka Takeda, Masahiro Tanemura, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki
PURPOSE: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is highly lethal, and several clinical trials have shown that adjuvant chemotherapy after curative resection can improve the prognosis of these patients. However, the adjuvant chemotherapy completion rate is less than satisfactory. If this rate could be increased then the overall prognosis of PDAC might be improved; however, reports addressing this problem are insufficient. To elucidate the factors, we retrospectively investigated PDAC patients...
April 18, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408051/beyond-body-mass-index-is-the-body-cell-mass-index-bcmi-a-useful-prognostic-factor-to-describe-nutritional-inflammation-and-muscle-mass-status-in-hospitalized-elderly-body-cell-mass-index-links-in-elderly
#15
Mariangela Rondanelli, Jacopo Talluri, Gabriella Peroni, Chiara Donelli, Fabio Guerriero, Krizia Ferrini, Emilia Riggi, Elisabetta Sauta, Simone Perna, Davide Guido
BACKGROUND & AIM: The aim of this study was to establish the effectiveness of Body Cell Mass Index (BCMI) as a prognostic index of (mal)nutrition, inflammation and muscle mass status in the elderly. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study has been conducted on 114 elderly patients (80 women and 34 men), with mean age equal to 81.07 ± 6.18 years. We performed a multivariate regression model by Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) framework. We detected the effects over a Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) stratification, by performing a multi-group multivariate regression model (via SEM) in two MNA nutritional strata, less and bigger (or equal) than 17...
March 24, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401800/a-novel-independent-survival-predictor-in-pulmonary-embolism-prognostic-nutritional-index
#16
Mert İlker Hayıroğlu, Muhammed Keskin, Taha Keskin, Ahmet Okan Uzun, Servet Altay, Adnan Kaya, Ahmet Öz, Göksel Çinier, Tolga Sinan Güvenç, Ömer Kozan
The prognostic impact of nutritional status in patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) is poorly understood. A well-accepted nutritional status parameter, prognostic nutritional index (PNI), which was first demonstrated to be valuable in patients with cancer and gastrointestinal surgery, was introduced to patients with PE. Our aim was to evaluate the predictive value of PNI in outcomes of patients with PE. We evaluated the in-hospital and long-term (53.8 ± 5.4 months) prognostic impact of PNI on 251 patients with PE...
January 1, 2017: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392077/a-novel-and-useful-predictive-indicator-of-prognosis-in-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-the-prognostic-nutritional-index
#17
M Keskin, M I Hayıroğlu, T Keskin, A Kaya, M A Tatlısu, S Altay, A O Uzun, E B Börklü, T S Güvenç, I I Avcı, Ö Kozan
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The prognostic impact of poor nutritional status and cardiac cachexia in myocardial infarction is not clearly understood. Recent studies have implied a prognostic value of the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) in colorectal surgeries and postoperative septic complications. The present study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of PNI in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated the in-hospital and long-term (3 years) prognostic impact of PNI on 1823 patients with STEMI undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention...
January 18, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390845/prevalence-of-malnutrition-in-adult-patients-previously-treated-with%C3%A2-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#18
Thibault Brotelle, Richard Lemal, Aurélie Cabrespine, Cécile Combal, Eric Hermet, Aurélie Ravinet, Jacques-Olivier Bay, Corinne Bouteloup
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is common after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), and is a well-known prognostic factor for survival. The nutritional status of patients in a long term after allo-HSCT is less well documented. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of malnutrition in adult patients who underwent allo-HSCT more than one year ago. Secondary objectives were to assess body composition, muscle strength, and factors associated with malnutrition...
March 28, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388993/prognostic-impact-of-the-geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-on-long-term-outcomes-in-patients-who-underwent-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#19
Hideki Wada, Tomotaka Dohi, Katsumi Miyauchi, Shinichiro Doi, Ryo Naito, Hirokazu Konishi, Shuta Tsuboi, Manabu Ogita, Takatoshi Kasai, Ahmed Hassan, Shinya Okazaki, Kikuo Isoda, Satoru Suwa, Hiroyuki Daida
Malnutrition has been identified as an important predictor of poor clinical outcomes in patients with heart failure. The aim of this study is to examine the prognostic impact of nutritional status in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The impact of nutrition, assessed using the geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) calculated by serum albumin and body mass index, was evaluated in 2,853 patients with CAD who underwent their first PCI between 2000 and 2011...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369809/prospective-trial-to-evaluate-the-prognostic-value-of-different-nutritional-assessment-scores-in-pancreatic-surgery-nurimas-pancreas
#20
P Probst, S Haller, T Bruckner, A Ulrich, O Strobel, T Hackert, M K Diener, M W Büchler, P Knebel
BACKGROUND: Preoperative nutritional status has an impact on patients' clinical outcome. For pancreatic surgery, however, it is unclear which nutritional assessment scores adequately assess malnutrition associated with postoperative outcome. METHODS: Patients scheduled for elective pancreatic surgery at the University of Heidelberg were screened for eligibility. Twelve nutritional assessment scores were calculated before operation, and patients were categorized as either at risk or not at risk for malnutrition by each score...
March 30, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
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