keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"HIV testing"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031156/hiv-misdiagnosis-a-root-cause-analysis-leading-to-improvements-in-hiv-diagnosis-and-patient-care
#1
Raynell Lang, Carmen Charlton, Brenda Beckthold, Kiana Kadivar, Stephanie Lavoie, Doug Caswell, Paul Levett, Greg Horsman, John Kim, M John Gill
BACKGROUND: Standard diagnostic testing for HIV infection has traditionally relied on a high sensitivity HIV antibody screening test using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) followed by a high specificity antibody confirmatory test such as a Western Blot. Recently several of the screening assays have been enhanced with an ability to identify p24 antigen thereby narrowing the diagnostic window. OBJECTIVES: To explore the implications of enhanced HIV screening methods that may be leading to HIV misdiagnoses...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029086/hiv-prevention-costs-and-their-predictors-evidence-from-the-orphea-project-in-kenya
#2
Omar Galárraga, Richard G Wamai, Sandra G Sosa-Rubí, Mercy G Mugo, David Contreras-Loya, Sergio Bautista-Arredondo, Helen Nyakundi, Joseph K Wang'ombe
We estimate costs and their predictors for three HIV prevention interventions in Kenya: HIV testing and counselling (HTC), prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) and voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC). As part of the 'Optimizing the Response of Prevention: HIV Efficiency in Africa' (ORPHEA) project, we collected retrospective data from government and non-governmental health facilities for 2011-12. We used multi-stage sampling to determine a sample of health facilities by type, ownership, size and interventions offered totalling 144 sites in 78 health facilities in 33 districts across Kenya...
September 26, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028964/the-cost-effectiveness-of-hiv-testing-and-treatment-engagement-initiatives-in-british-columbia-canada-2011-2013
#3
B Nosyk, J E Min, E Krebs, X Zang, M Compton, R Gustafson, R Barrios, J S G Montaner
Background: Recognition of the secondary preventive benefits of antiretroviral therapy (ART) has mobilized global efforts to 'seek, test, treat and retain' people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) in HIV care. We aimed to determine the cost-effectiveness of a set of HIV testing and treatment engagement interventions initiated in British Columbia (BC), Canada in 2011-2013. Methods: Using a previously-validated dynamic, compartmental HIV transmission model, linked individual-level health administrative data for PLHIV and aggregate-level HIV testing data, we estimated the cost-effectiveness of primary care testing (hospital, emergency department, outpatient), ART initiation and ART retention initiatives, versus a counterfactual scenario approximating the status quo...
September 26, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028455/health-indicators-for-older-sexual-minorities-national-health-interview-survey-2013-2014
#4
Christina N Dragon, Alison M Laffan, Erkan Erdem, Sean Cahill, Daniel Kenefick, Jiahui Ye, Samuel C Haffer
PURPOSE: Advances in lesbian, gay, and bisexual (sexual minority [SM]) acceptance and equality have been made in the past decade. However, certain SM subgroups continue to be disadvantaged due to lack of data and, thus, lack of knowledge about these populations. Data for older sexual minorities are especially lacking and will be increasingly important as more sexual minorities enter older age. This research explores results from a nationally representative health survey to elucidate some health indicators for older sexual minorities...
October 13, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026634/hiv-positive-patient-with-gbs-like-syndrome
#5
Samantha J Shepherd, Heather Black, Emma C Thomson, Rory N Gunson
Introduction. Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) is an acute demyelinating polyneuropathy which can occur post-infection. Criteria of diagnosis of GBS include areflexia with progressive bilateral weakness in arms and legs. GBS can lead to severe respiratory and cardiac complications. The fatality rate can be up to 5 % in patients, depending on the severity of the symptoms. HIV can cause a range of neurological disorders including, on rare occasions, GBS. GBS can occur at any stage of HIV infection, highlighting the complexity of diagnosis of GBS within HIV patients...
August 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025448/national-south-african-hiv-prevalence-estimates-robust-despite-substantial-test-non-participation
#6
Guy Harling, Sizulu Moyo, Mark E McGovern, Musawenkosi Mabaso, Giampiero Marra, Till Bärnighausen, Thomas Rehle
BACKGROUND: South African (SA) national HIV seroprevalence estimates are of crucial policy relevance in the country, and for the worldwide HIV response. However, the most recent nationally representative HIV test survey in 2012 had 22% test non-participation, leaving the potential for substantial bias in current seroprevalence estimates, even after controlling for selection on observed factors. OBJECTIVE: To re-estimate national HIV prevalence in SA, controlling for bias due to selection on both observed and unobserved factors in the 2012 SA National HIV Prevalence, Incidence and Behaviour Survey...
June 30, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024499/male-partner-involvement-on-initiation-and-sustainment-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-among-hiv-infected-post-partum-women-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Dorothy Ihekuna, Neal Rosenburg, William Nii Ayitey Menson, Semiu Olatunde Gbadamosi, John Olajide Olawepo, Adaeze Chike-Okoli, Chad Cross, Chima Onoka, Echezona E Ezeanolue
Exclusive Breastfeeding (EBF) among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected mothers is known to be associated with a sustained and significant reduction in HIV transmission and has the potential to reduce infant and under-five mortality. Research shows that EBF is not common in many HIV-endemic, resource-limited settings despite recommendations by the World Health Organization. Although evidence abounds that male partner involvement increases HIV testing and uptake and retention of prevention of mother-to-child transmission interventions, few studies have evaluated the impact of male partners' involvement and decision-making on initiation, maintenance, and sustainment of EBF...
October 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023510/reaching-the-first-90-gaps-in-coverage-of-hiv-testing-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-16-african-countries
#8
Sarah Staveteig, Trevor N Croft, Kathryn T Kampa, Sara K Head
BACKGROUND: UNAIDS has recently proposed a set of three ambitious targets that, if achieved, are predicted to end the AIDS epidemic by 2030. The targets, known as 90-90-90, call for 90% of people living with HIV (PLHIV) to know their status, 90% of PLHIV to receive antiretroviral therapy, and 90% of those on antiretroviral therapy to achieve viral suppression by the year 2020. We examine the first of these targets, focusing on sub-Saharan Africa, the region of the world most affected by HIV, to measure the proportion of PLHIV estimated to know their HIV status, and to identify background and behavioral characteristics significantly associated with gaps in ever testing among PLHIV...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023431/hiv-care-outcomes-among-hispanics-or-latinos-with-diagnosed-hiv-infection-united-states-2015
#9
Zanetta Gant, Andre Dailey, Xiaohong Hu, Anna Satcher Johnson
Data from CDC's National HIV Surveillance System (NHSS)* are used to monitor progress toward achieving national goals set forth in the Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention's Strategic Plan (1) and other federal directives(†) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing, care, and treatment outcomes and HIV-related disparities in the United States. Recent data indicate that Hispanics or Latinos(§) are disproportionately affected by HIV infection. Hispanics or Latinos living with diagnosed HIV infection have lower levels of care and viral suppression than do non-Hispanic whites but higher levels than those reported among blacks or African Americans (2)...
October 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023141/sexual-identity-disclosure-and-awareness-of-hiv-prevention-methods-among-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#10
Ryan J Watson, Jessica N Fish, Aerielle Allen, Lisa Eaton
Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) are disproportionately affected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic, yet we know little about how HIV-negative BMSM of different sexual orientations access HIV prevention strategies. Identity development, minority stress, and disclosure theories suggest that for people of different sexual orientations, disclosure of sexual identity may be related to health behaviors. We performed a latent class analysis on a sample of 650 BMSM (Mage = 33.78, SD = 11...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022530/male-involvement-in-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-in-the-context-of-partner-testing-in-goba-town-ethiopia-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-study
#11
M T Alemayehu, J Haidar
BACKGROUND: Antenatal care (ANC) is an entry point for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT), particularly when a man accompanies his spouse for voluntary counselling and testing (VCT), even though this seldom happens in Ethiopia. OBJECTIVE: To study the role of male partners in improving PMTCT/ANC, which is essential to prevent HIV/AIDS transmission in this country. Our study focused on identifying barriers for the low involvement in PMTCT/ANC among male partners whose spouses received ANC...
September 22, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021132/willingness-to-use-mobile-phone-apps-for-hiv-prevention-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-london-web-based-survey
#12
William C Goedel, Jason W Mitchell, Paul Krebs, Dustin T Duncan
BACKGROUND: Many men who have sex with men (MSM) use apps to connect with and meet other MSM. Given that these apps are often used to arrange sexual encounters, it is possible that apps may be suitable venues for messages and initiatives related to HIV prevention such as those to increase HIV testing rates among this population. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess willingness to use a new app for reminders of when to be tested for HIV infection among a sample of MSM in London who use apps to arrange sexual encounters...
October 11, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020216/outpatient-management-of-children-with-world-health-organization-chest-indrawing-pneumonia-implementation-risks-and-proposed-solutions
#13
Eric D McCollum, Amy Sarah Ginsburg
This Viewpoints article details our recommendation for the World Health Organization Integrated Management of Childhood Illness guidelines to consider additional referral or daily monitoring criteria for children with chest indrawing pneumonia in low-resource settings. We review chest indrawing physiology in children and relate this to the risk of adverse pneumonia outcomes. We believe there is sufficient evidence to support referring or daily monitoring of children with chest indrawing pneumonia and signs of severe respiratory distress, oxygen saturation <93% (when not at high altitude), moderate malnutrition, or an unknown human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status in an HIV-endemic setting...
June 9, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017561/trial-and-error-evaluating-and-refining-a-community-model-of-hiv-testing-in-australia
#14
Kathleen E Ryan, Alisa Pedrana, David Leitinger, Anna L Wilkinson, Peter Locke, Margaret E Hellard, Mark Stoové
BACKGROUND: The 2012 regulatory approval of HIV rapid point of care (RPOC) tests in Australia and a national strategic focus on HIV testing provided a catalyst for implementation of non-clinical HIV testing service models. PRONTO! opened in 2013 as a two-year trial delivering peer-led community-based HIV RPOC tests targeting gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBM), with the aim of increasing HIV testing frequency. Initial data suggested this aim was not achieved and, as part of a broader service evaluation, we sought to explore client acceptability and barriers to testing at PRONTO! to refine the service model...
October 10, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016634/conventional-early-infant-diagnosis-in-lesotho-from-specimen-collection-to-results-usage-to-manage-patients-where-are-the-bottlenecks
#15
Appolinaire Tiam, Michelle M Gill, Heather J Hoffman, Anthony Isavwa, Mafusi Mokone, Matokelo Foso, Jeffrey T Safrit, Lynne M Mofenson, Thorkild Tylleskär, Laura Guay
INTRODUCTION: Early infant diagnosis is an important step in identifying children infected with HIV during the perinatal period or in utero. Multiple factors contribute to delayed antiretroviral treatment initiation for HIV-infected children, including delays in the early infant HIV diagnosis cascade. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate early infant diagnosis turnaround times in Lesotho. Trained staff reviewed records of HIV-exposed infants (aged-6-8 weeks) who received an HIV test during 2011...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993068/indicator-condition-based-hiv-testing-missed-opportunities-for-earlier-diagnosis-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#16
Marco Espinel, María José Belza, Cristina Cabeza-de-Vaca, Beatriz Arranz, Juan Miguel Guerras, Jennifer Garcia-Soltero, Juan Hoyos
INTRODUCTION: Contact with the healthcare system by a sample of seropositive men who have sex with men (MSM) prior to their HIV diagnosis are analysed, and missed opportunities (MO) for an earlier HIV diagnosis are identified. METHODOLOGY: Between 2012-2013, an online survey was conducted among HIV-positive MSM, mainly recruited from gay websites. Those who were diagnosed with HIV between 2010-2013 were analysed. MO were defined as episodes prior to the HIV diagnosis in which the healthcare system was contacted due to an indicator condition of HIV infection and the test was not suggested...
October 7, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991881/scaling-up-pediatric-hiv-testing-by-incorporating-provider-initiated-hiv-testing-into-all-child-health-services-in-hurungwe-district-zimbabwe
#17
Reuben Musarandega, Blessing Mutede, Agnes Mahomva, Wenceslas Nyamayaro, Angela Mushavi, Christina Lindan, Rhoderick Machekano
BACKGROUND: Practical ways are needed to scale-up pediatric HIV testing in sub-Saharan Africa, where testing is usually limited to HIV-exposed children in maternal and child health clinics. METHODS: We implemented an enhanced pediatric HIV testing program in 33 health facilities in Zimbabwe by integrating HIV testing into all pediatric health services. We collected individual data on children tested by having healthcare workers complete a program-specific child health booklet...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988194/observational-study-of-the-populations-accessing-rapid-point-of-care-hiv-testing-in-winnipeg-manitoba-canada-through-a-retrospective-chart-review-of-site-records
#18
James Blain Johnston, Joss N Reimer, John L Wylie, Jared Bullard
OBJECTIVES: HIV point-of-care testing (POCT) has been available in Manitoba since 2008. This study evaluated the effectiveness of POCT at identifying individuals with previously unknown HIV status, its effects on clinical outcomes and the characteristics of the populations reached. METHODS: A retrospective database review was conducted for individuals who received HIV POCT from 2011 to 2014. Time to linkage to care and viral load suppression were compared between individuals who tested positive for HIV using POCT and controls identified as positive through standard screening...
October 7, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988180/are-there-any-differences-between-different-testing-sites-a-cross-sectional-study-of-a-norwegian-low-threshold-hiv-testing-service-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#19
Bera Ulstein Moseng, Vegar Bjørnshagen
OBJECTIVE: To describe a Norwegian low-threshold HIV testing service targeting men who have sex with men (MSM). DESIGN AND SETTING: After the HIV testing consultation, all users of the HIV testing service were invited to answer the study questionnaire. The study setting included the sites where testing was performed, that is, the testing service's office in Oslo, cruising areas, bars/clubs and in hotels in other Norwegian cities. PARTICIPANTS: MSM users of the testing service...
October 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986656/sustainability-of-statewide-rapid-hiv-testing-in-labor-and-delivery
#20
Lynn M Yee, Emily S Miller, Anne Statton, Laurie D Ayala, Sarah Deardorff Carter, Ann Borders, Amy E Wong, Yolanda Olszewski, Mardge H Cohen, Patricia M Garcia
The objective was to assess sustainability of a statewide program of HIV rapid testing (RT) for pregnant women presenting for delivery with unknown HIV status. This is a population-based retrospective cohort study of women delivered in Illinois hospitals (2012-15). Deidentified data on RT metrics from state-mandated surveillance reports were compared using descriptive statistics and non-parametric tests of trend. Over 95% of the 608,408 women delivered had documented HIV status at presentation. The rate of undocumented HIV status rose from 4...
October 6, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
keyword
keyword
32846
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"