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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732088/patient-and-doctor-perspectives-on-hiv-screening-in-the-emergency-department-a-prospective-cross-sectional-study
#1
Noemy De Rossi, Nicolas Dattner, Matthias Cavassini, Solange Peters, Olivier Hugli, Katharine E A Darling
BACKGROUND: The emergency department (ED) is mentioned specifically in the Swiss HIV testing recommendations as a site at which patients can benefit from expanded HIV testing to optimise early HIV diagnosis. At our centre, where local HIV seroprevalence is 0.2-0.4%, 1% of all patients presenting to the ED are tested for HIV. Barriers to HIV testing, from the patient and doctor perspective, and patient acceptability of rapid HIV testing were examined in this study. METHODS: Between October 2014 and May 2015, 100 discrete patient-doctor encounter pairs undertook a survey in the ED of Lausanne University Hospital, Switzerland...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729100/an-evaluation-of-introduction-of-rapid-hiv-testing-in-a-perinatal-program
#2
Sarah Saunders, Karen Tulloch, Evelyn J Maan, Julianne van Schalkwyk, Deborah M Money
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate the roll-out of rapid HIV testing as part of an emergency Prevention of Perinatal HIV Transmission Program. Specifically, HIV prevalence in this population, the reason(s) for performing the rapid HIV test, and compliance with recommendations for antiretroviral prophylaxis were assessed. METHODS: Since November 2011, all women presenting to a tertiary labour and delivery unit with unknown HIV status or with ongoing risk of HIV infection since their last HIV test were offered rapid HIV testing...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727950/sociodemographic-characteristics-and-health-outcomes-among-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-u-s-adults-using-healthy-people-2020-leading-health-indicators
#3
Mitchell R Lunn, Wanjun Cui, Matthew M Zack, William W Thompson, Michael B Blank, Baligh R Yehia
PURPOSE: This study aimed to characterize the sociodemographic characteristics of sexual minority (i.e., gay, lesbian, bisexual) adults and compare sexual minority and heterosexual populations on nine Healthy People 2020 leading health indicators (LHIs). METHODS: Using a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey (National Health Interview Survey 2013-2015) of the civilian, noninstitutionalized population (228,893,944 adults), nine Healthy People 2020 LHIs addressing health behaviors and access to care, stratified using a composite variable of sex (female, male) and sexual orientation (gay or lesbian, bisexual, heterosexual), were analyzed individually and in aggregate...
July 20, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727786/is-there-a-relationship-between-geographic-distance-and-uptake-of-hiv-testing-services-a-representative-population-based-study-of-chinese-adults-in-guangzhou-china
#4
Wen Chen, Fangjing Zhou, Brian J Hall, Joseph D Tucker, Carl Latkin, Andre M N Renzaho, Li Ling
Achieving high coverage of HIV testing services is critical in many health systems, especially where HIV testing services remain centralized and inconvenient for many. As a result, planning the optimal spatial distribution of HIV testing sites is increasingly important. We aimed to assess the relationship between geographic distance and uptake of HIV testing services among the general population in Guangzhou, China. Utilizing spatial epidemiological methods and stratified household random sampling, we studied 666 adults aged 18-59...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724510/social-media-engagement-and-hiv-testing-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Bolin Cao, Chuncheng Liu, Maya Durvasula, Weiming Tang, Stephen Pan, Adam J Saffer, Chongyi Wei, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Many interventions find that social media engagement with health promotion materials can translate into behavioral changes. However, only a few studies have examined the ways in which specific actions on various social media platforms are correlated with health behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the association between social media use and HIV testing behaviors among Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM). METHODS: In July 2016, a Web-based survey was conducted to recruit MSM in 8 Chinese cities through Blued (Blue City Holdings Ltd...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723970/barriers-and-facilitators-of-hiv-vaccine-and-prevention-study-participation-among-young-black-msm-and-transwomen-in-new-york-city
#6
Sharise Richardson, Pich Seekaew, Beryl Koblin, Tasha Vazquez, Vijay Nandi, Hong-Van Tieu
BACKGROUND: Black men who have sex with men (MSM), and Transwomen (TW) shoulder disproportionate burden of HIV. However, they are unrepresented in HIV vaccine trials. We investigated the perceptions of that factors associated with HIV vaccine trials participation among Black MSM and TW in New York. METHODS: Self-administered online questionnaires were administered to 18-29 years of NYC residents who identified as Black MSM and TW, assessing demographics, awareness and willingness to participate in HIV vaccine trials, barriers and facilitators associated with willingness, and sexual behaviors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718496/-introduction-of-rapid-syphilis-and-hiv-testing-in-prenatal-care-in-colombia-qualitative-analysis
#7
María Teresa Ochoa-Manjarrés, Hernando Guillermo Gaitán-Duarte, Sidia Caicedo, Berta Gómez, Freddy Pérez
Objective: Interpret perceptions of Colombian health professionals concerning factors that obstruct and facilitate the introduction of rapid syphilis and HIV testing in prenatal care services. Methods: A qualitative study based on semi-structured interviews was carried out. A convenience sample was selected with 37 participants, who included health professionals involved in prenatal care services, programs for pregnant women, clinical laboratories, and directors of health care units or centers, as well as representatives from regional departments and the Ministry of Health...
December 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718490/barriers-to-hiv-testing-linkage-to-care-and-treatment-adherence-a-cross-sectional-study-from-a-large-urban-center-of-brazil
#8
Sarah MacCarthy, Michael Hoffmann, Amy Nunn, Luís Augusto Vasconcelos da Silva, Ines Dourado
Objective: Early, continued engagement with the HIV treatment continuum can help achieve viral suppression, though few studies have explored how risk factors for delays differ across the continuum. The objective of this study was to identify predictors of delayed diagnosis, delayed linkage to care, and nonadherence to treatment in the city of Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Methods: Data were collected during 2010 in a cross-sectional study with a sample (n = 1 970) of HIV-infected individuals enrolled in care...
December 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711643/contraceptive-use-and-unplanned-pregnancy-among-female-sex-workers-in-zambia
#9
Michael M Chanda, Katrina F Ortblad, Magdalene Mwale, Steven Chongo, Catherine Kanchele, Nyambe Kamungoma, Leah G Barresi, Guy Harling, Till Bärnighausen, Catherine E Oldenburg
OBJECTIVES: Access to reproductive healthcare, including contraceptive services, is an essential component of comprehensive healthcare for female sex workers (FSW). Here, we evaluated the prevalence of and factors associated with contraceptive use, unplanned pregnancy, and pregnancy termination among FSW in three transit towns in Zambia. STUDY DESIGN: Data arose from the baseline quantitative survey from a randomized controlled trial of HIV self-testing among FSW...
July 12, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710710/interventions-for-increasing-hiv-testing-uptake-in-migrants-a-systematic-review-of-evidence
#10
REVIEW
Eithandee Aung, Sarah J Blondell, Jo Durham
Migrants have been identified as being at greater risk for late HIV testing and diagnosis. Late diagnosis is of concern because timely diagnosis and initiation of treatment can both optimise health outcomes and reduce transmission. We reviewed and evaluated interventions that aimed to increase HIV testing uptake in migrant populations. Of 6511 papers retrieved, 10 met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review. Three types of interventions were identified (exposure to HIV prevention messages, HIV education programs, and direct offer of testing)...
July 14, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708696/prevalence-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-cisgender-and-transgender-women-sex-workers-in-greater-kuala-lumpur-malaysia-results-from-a-respondent-driven-sampling-study
#11
Jeffrey A Wickersham, Britton A Gibson, Alexander R Bazazi, Veena Pillai, Courtney J Pedersen, Jaimie P Meyer, Nabila El-Bassel, Kenneth H Mayer, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: Sex workers face a disproportionate burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infections (STI) worldwide. For cisgender women sex workers (CWSW), global HIV prevalence is over 10%, whereas transgender women sex workers (TWSW) face an HIV burden of 19% to 27%. METHODS: We used respondent-driven sampling to recruit 492 sex workers, including CWSW (n = 299) and TWSW (n = 193) in Greater Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Participants completed an in-depth survey and were screened for HIV, syphilis, Chlamydia trachomatis, and Neisseria gonorrhoeae...
June 20, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706083/wealth-related-inequality-in-early-uptake-of-hiv-testing-among-pregnant-women-an-analysis-of-data-from-a-national-cross-sectional-survey-south-africa
#12
Nobubelo Kwanele Ngandu, Carine Van Malderen, Ameena Goga, Niko Speybroeck
OBJECTIVES: Wealth-related inequality across the South African antenatal HIV care cascade has not been considered in detail as a potential hindrance to eliminating mother-to-child HIV transmission (EMTCT). We aimed to measure wealth-related inequality in early (before enrolling into antenatal care) uptake of HIV testing and identify the contributing determinants. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTINGS: South African primary public health facilities in 2012...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704472/prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-option-b-cascade-in-rural-tanzania-the-one-stop-clinic-model
#13
Anna Gamell, Lameck Bonaventure Luwanda, Aneth Vedastus Kalinjuma, Leila Samson, Alex John Ntamatungiro, Maja Weisser, Winfrid Gingo, Marcel Tanner, Christoph Hatz, Emilio Letang, Manuel Battegay
BACKGROUND: Strategies to improve the uptake of Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) are needed. We integrated HIV and maternal, newborn and child health services in a One Stop Clinic to improve the PMTCT cascade in a rural Tanzanian setting. METHODS: The One Stop Clinic of Ifakara offers integral care to HIV-infected pregnant women and their families at one single place and time. All pregnant women and HIV-exposed infants attended during the first year of Option B+ implementation (04/2014-03/2015) were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702454/corrigendum-relationship-between-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-knowledge-hiv-related-stigma-and-hiv-testing-among-young-black-adults-in-a-southeastern-city
#14
Eunice Okumu, David H Jolly, Le'Marus Alston, Natalie T Eley, Michelle Laws, Kathleen M MacQueen
[This corrects the article on p. 47 in vol. 5, PMID: 28349049.].
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700474/the-accuracy-of-hiv-rapid-testing-in-integrated-bio-behavioral-surveys-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-across-5-provinces-in-south-africa
#15
Tendesayi Kufa, Tim Lane, Albert Manyuchi, Beverley Singh, Zachary Isdahl, Thomas Osmand, Mike Grasso, Helen Struthers, James McIntyre, Zawadi Chipeta, Adrian Puren
We describe the accuracy of serial rapid HIV testing among men who have sex with men (MSM) in South Africa and discuss the implications for HIV testing and prevention.This was a cross-sectional survey conducted at five stand-alone facilities from five provinces.Demographic, behavioral, and clinical data were collected. Dried blood spots were obtained for HIV-related testing. Participants were offered rapid HIV testing using 2 rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) in series. In the laboratory, reference HIV testing was conducted using a third-generation enzyme immunoassay (EIA) and a fourth-generation EIA as confirmatory...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699382/an-adaptive-approach-to-locating-mobile-hiv-testing-services
#16
Gregg S Gonsalves, Forrest W Crawford, Paul D Cleary, Edward H Kaplan, A David Paltiel
BACKGROUND: Public health agencies suggest targeting "hotspots" to identify individuals with undetected HIV infection. However, definitions of hotspots vary. Little is known about how best to target mobile HIV testing resources. METHODS: We conducted a computer-based tournament to compare the yield of 4 algorithms for mobile HIV testing. Over 180 rounds of play, the algorithms selected 1 of 3 hypothetical zones, each with unknown prevalence of undiagnosed HIV, in which to conduct a fixed number of HIV tests...
July 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699017/acceptability-of-hiv-self-testing-in-sub-saharan-africa-scoping-study
#17
REVIEW
Charlene Harichund, M Moshabela
Several HIV testing models have been implemented in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) to improve access to HIV testing, but uptake remains poor. HIV Self-Testing (HIVST) is now available, and may serve to overcome barriers of current testing models which include stigma, discrimination and non-confidential testing environments. A scoping study was conducted to provide an overview of the current literature in SSA, as well as identify future research needs to scale-up HIVST and increase HIV testing uptake. The outcome of the review indicated only 11 reported studies to date, showing variable acceptability (22...
July 11, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698334/a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-impact-of-sexual-health-clinic-based-automated-text-message-reminders-on-testing-of-hiv-and-other-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-protocol-for-the-t2t-study
#18
Huachun Zou, Xiaojun Meng, Andrew Grulich, Shujie Huang, Tianjian Jia, Xuan Zhang, Zhenzhou Luo, Yi Ding, Ligang Yang, Jinmei Han, Weiying Chen, Heping Zheng, Bin Yang
INTRODUCTION: The frequency of screening for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among men who have sex with men (MSM) is still low in China. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A sexual health clinic based randomised controlled trial will be conducted in Guangzhou, Wuxi and Shenzhen, China, enrolling 600 MSM. Eligibility will be judged by the pre-programed iPad based questionnaire: (1) age ≥18 years and (2) have had two or more male anal sex partners, or condomless anal sex with a casual male sex partner, or an STI history, in the past 6 months, and (3) provides a valid mobile phone number...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696906/assessment-of-recent-hiv-testing-among-older-adults-in-the-united-states
#19
Yuqi Guo, Omar T Sims
Older adults are the fastest growing segment of people living with HIV, and unfortunately many are unaware of their HIV status. Many providers are reluctant to ask older adults about their sexual histories, evaluate their risk factors, and test for HIV, and older adults have low perception of HIV risk. Using data from the 2013 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, this study assessed the prevalence of recent HIV testing among older adults in the United States (n = 1,056) and identified predictors and barriers to recent HIV testing...
July 11, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695750/-i-did-not-see-a-need-to-get-tested-before-everything-was-going-well-with-my-health-a-qualitative-study-of-hiv-testing-decision-making-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#20
Shema Tariq, Susie Hoffman, Gita Ramjee, Joanne E Mantel, Jessica L Phillip, Kelly Blanchard, Naomi Lince-Deroche, Theresa M Exner
Few studies have examined HIV-testing decision-making since the South African national HIV counseling and testing campaign in 2010-2011 and subsequent expansion in antiretroviral therapy (ART) eligibility in 2012. We describe HIV-testing decision-making and pathways to testing among participants in Pathways to Care, a cohort study of newly-diagnosed HIV-positive adults in KwaZulu-Natal. Our analysis is embedded within a theoretical framework informed by Arthur Kleinman's work on pluralistic healthcare systems, and the concept of diagnostic itineraries (i...
July 11, 2017: AIDS Care
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