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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921861/understanding-intra-vaginal-and-labia-minora-elongation-practices-among-women-heads-of-households-in-zamb%C3%A3-zia-province-mozambique
#1
Carolyn M Audet, Meridith Blevins, Charlotte Buehler Cherry, Lazaro González-Calvo, Ann F Green, Troy D Moon
Intra-vaginal drying and tightening and labia minora elongation are commonly practised in some parts of southern Africa. We sought to capture data on these practices among women living in Zambézia province, Mozambique. Information was gathered from 3543 female heads of household on > 500 variables, including vaginal practices, in 2014. Women who planned to use intra-vaginal tightening substances had 1.84 times higher odds of ever receiving an HIV test (p < 0.001) and 1.40 times higher odds of at least one antenatal care visit attended during last pregnancy (p = 0...
December 6, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920581/hiv-stigma-and-associated-factors-among-antiretroviral-treatment-clients-in-jimma-town-southwest-ethiopia
#2
Neno Nikus Fido, Mamusha Aman, Zewdie Brihnu
BACKGROUND: HIV stigma has an important role in the spread of the AIDS epidemic. It profoundly affects the lives of individuals living with HIV/AIDS. Fear of being identified as having HIV may discourage a person from getting tested, accessing medical services, and obtaining medications. Thus, this study was aimed at assessing HIV-related stigma and associated factors among antiretroviral treatment (ART) clients in Jimma town, Oromia region, Southwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 11 to April 26, 2015, in ART clinics in Jimma town...
2016: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917195/the-quality-of-rapid-hiv-testing-in-south-africa-an-assessment-of-testers-compliance
#3
Aziza Mwisongo, Karl Peltzer, Neo Mohlabane, Bomkazi Tutshana
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the quality of rapid HIV testing in South Africa. METHOD: A two-stage sampling procedure was used to select HCT sites in eight provinces of South Africa. The study employed both semi-structured interviews with HIV testers and observation of testing sessions as a means of data collection. In total, 63 HCT sites (one HIV tester per site) were included in the survey assessing qualification, training, testing practices and attitudes towards rapid tests...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915258/testing-and-testing-positive-childhood-adversities-and-later-life-hiv-status-among-kenyan-women-and-their-partners
#4
Michael L Goodman, Lauren Raimer-Goodman, Catherine X Chen, Astrid Grouls, Stanley Gitari, Philip H Keiser
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences are a critical feature of lifelong health. No research assesses whether childhood adversities predict HIV-testing behaviors, and little research analyzes childhood adversities and later life HIV status in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We use regression models with cross-sectional data from a representative sample (n = 1974) to analyze whether adverse childhood experiences, separately or as cumulative exposures, predict reports of later life HIV testing and testing HIV+ among semi-rural Kenyan women and their partners...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914861/rapid-human-immunodeficiency-virus-testing-and-risk-prevention-in-residents-of-battered-women-s-shelters
#5
Dawn M Johnson, Nicole L Johnson, Curt G Beckwith, Patrick A Palmieri, Caron Zlotnick
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and intimate partner violence (IPV) are interconnected public health problems. However, few HIV prevention interventions address the unique needs of IPV survivors in shelter and none of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's best-evidence risk reduction interventions adequately explore the complex relationship between IPV and HIV risk. Although battered women's shelters provide a safe and supportive environment for women in crisis, most do not offer HIV risk reduction services or sexual safety planning...
November 30, 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914286/multi-centre-field-evaluation-of-the-performance-of-the-trinity-biotech-uni-gold-hiv-1-2-rapid-test-as-a-first-line-screening-assay-for-gay-and-bisexual-men-compared-with-4th-generation-laboratory-immunoassays
#6
P Keen, D P Conway, P Cunningham, A McNulty, D L Couldwell, S C Davies, D E Smith, J Gray, M Holt, C C O'Connor, P Read, D Callander, G Prestage, R Guy
BACKGROUND: The Trinity Biotech Uni-Gold HIV test (Uni-Gold) is often used as a supplementary rapid test in testing algorithms. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the operational performance of the Uni-Gold as a first-line screening test among gay and bisexual men (GBM) in a setting where 4th generation HIV laboratory assays are routinely used. STUDY DESIGN: We compared the performance of Uni-Gold with conventional HIV serology conducted in parallel among GBM attending 22 testing sites...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913375/eleven-million-people-are-in-line-for-hiv-tests-through-routine-nhs-contact
#7
Anne Gulland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913227/assisted-partner-services-for-hiv-in-kenya-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Peter Cherutich, Matthew R Golden, Beatrice Wamuti, Barbra A Richardson, Kristjana H Ásbjörnsdóttir, Felix A Otieno, Ann Ng'ang'a, Peter Maingi Mutiti, Paul Macharia, Betsy Sambai, Matt Dunbar, David Bukusi, Carey Farquhar
BACKGROUND: Assisted partner services for index patients with HIV infections involves elicitation of information about sex partners and contacting them to ensure that they test for HIV and link to care. Assisted partner services are not widely available in Africa. We aimed to establish whether or not assisted partner services increase HIV testing, diagnoses, and linkage to care among sex partners of people with HIV infections in Kenya. METHODS: In this cluster randomised controlled trial, we recruited non-pregnant adults aged at least 18 years with newly or recently diagnosed HIV without a recent history of intimate partner violence who had not yet or had only recently linked to HIV care from 18 HIV testing services clinics in Kenya...
November 29, 2016: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911908/uptake-of-community-based-peer-administered-hiv-point-of-care-testing-findings-from-the-proud-study
#9
Lisa Lazarus, Sheetal Patel, Ashley Shaw, Sean Leblanc, Christine Lalonde, Manisha Hladio, Kira Mandryk, Cynthia Horvath, William Petrcich, Claire Kendall, Mark W Tyndall
OBJECTIVES: HIV prevalence among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Ottawa is estimated at about 10%. The successful integration of peers into outreach efforts and wider access to HIV point-of-care testing (POCT) create opportunities to explore the role of peers in providing HIV testing. The PROUD study, in partnership with Ottawa Public Health (OPH), sought to develop a model for community-based peer-administered HIV POCT. METHODS: PROUD draws on community-based participatory research methods to better understand the HIV risk environment of people who use drugs in Ottawa...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911096/evaluating-health-advice-in-a-web-2-0-environment-the-impact-of-multiple-user-generated-factors-on-hiv-advice-perceptions
#10
Joseph B Walther, Jeong-Woo Jang, Ashley A Hanna Edwards
Unlike traditional media, social media systems often present information of different types from different kinds of contributors within a single message pane, a juxtaposition of potential influences that challenges traditional health communication processing. One type of social media system, question-and-answer advice systems, provides peers' answers to health-related questions, which yet other peers read and rate. Responses may appear good or bad, responders may claim expertise, and others' aggregated evaluations of an answer's usefulness may affect readers' judgments...
December 2, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907114/rates-and-predictors-of-non-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-among-hiv-positive-individuals-in-kenya-results-from-the-second-kenya-aids-indicator-survey-2012
#11
Irene N Mukui, Lucy Ng'ang'a, John Williamson, Joyce N Wamicwe, Shobha Vakil, Abraham Katana, Andrea A Kim
INTRODUCTION: Understanding the levels and associated factors of non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is crucial in designing interventions to improve adherence and health outcomes of ART. We assessed non-adherence to ART among HIV-infected persons reporting ART use in a nationally representative survey in Kenya. METHODS: The Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey 2012 was a population-based, household survey of persons aged 18 months-64 years conducted in 2012-2013...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906994/enhancing-hiv-testing-and-treatment-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-a-pilot-model-with-two-rapid-tests-single-blood-draw-session-and-intensified-case-management-in-six-cities-in-2013
#12
Dapeng Zhang, Hongyan Lu, Minghua Zhuang, Guohui Wu, Hongjing Yan, Jun Xu, Xiaoli Wei, Chengmei Li, Sining Meng, Xiaojing Fu, Jinlei Qi, Peng Wang, Mei Luo, Min Dai, Ray Yip, Jiangping Sun, Zunyou Wu
OBJECTIVES: To explore models to improve HIV testing, linkage to care and treatment among men who have sex with men (MSM) in cooperation with community-based organizations (CBOs) in China. METHODS: We introduced a new model for HIV testing services targeting MSM in six cities in 2013.These models introduced provision of rapid HIV testing by CBO staff and streamlined processes for HIV screening, confirmation of initial reactive screening results, and linkage to care among diagnosed people...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906012/determinants-of-time-to-antiretroviral-treatment-initiation-and-subsequent-mortality-on-treatment-in-a-cohort-in-rural-northern-malawi
#13
Jeremy Philip Brown, Bagrey Ngwira, Terence Tafatatha, Amelia Catharine Crampin, Neil French, Olivier Koole
BACKGROUND: To optimise care HIV patients need to be promptly initiated on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and subsequently retained on treatment. In this study we report on the interval between enrolment and treatment initiation, and investigate subsequent attrition and mortality of patients on ART at a rural clinic in Malawi. METHODS: HIV-positive individuals were recruited to a cohort study between January 2008 and August 2011 at Chilumba Rural Hospital (CRH). Outcomes were ascertained, up to 7 years after enrolment, through follow-up and by linkage to ART registers and the Karonga Health and Demographic Surveillance System (KHDSS)...
July 8, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905984/assessing-the-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-first-response-hiv-1-2-test-kit-with-whole-blood-and-serum-samples-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Raymond Boadu, George Darko, Priscilla Nortey, Patricia Akweongo, Bismark Sarfo
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Rapid diagnostic Test (RDT) kits are the preferred assays for HIV testing in many countries. Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission, Know Your Status Campaigns, Blood-Safety, Voluntary Counseling and Testing are major strategies adapted to control transmission of the virus and the pivot of these interventions is either screening or diagnosing individuals through testing. There are reports of inconsistent sensitivity and specificity with whole blood and serum samples collected from the same individual...
February 16, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903950/shout-it-now-a-mobile-hct-model-employing-technology-and-edutainment-in-south-africa
#15
Joseph Daniels, Arnost Komarek, Bruce Forgreive, Kathryn Pahl, Stephen Stafford, Laurie Campbell Bruns, Thomas Coates
BACKGROUND: Mobile HIV counseling and testing (HCT) has been effective in reaching men, women, and adolescents in South Africa. However, there is limited understanding of effective mobile HCT programs utilizing tools like technology and edutainment to increase HIV counseling and testing rates. The authors examine data from the Shout-It-Now (S-N) program that uses such tools in South Africa. METHODS: The S-N program utilizes various forms of technology and ongoing telephonic counseling within a 6-step program of HIV testing and linkage-to-care support, and program data were analyzed over an 18-month period...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903359/-a-cohort-study-of-hiv-incidence-among-injecting-drug-users-in-dehong-prefecture-yunnan-province
#16
Y C Yang, Z Y Jin, R H Tang, L Li, R H Ye, Y F Cao, S J Yang, S T Yao, S Duan, N He
Objective: To investigate the incidence rates of HIV among injection drug users (IDU) in Dehong Prefecture, Yunnan Province. Methods: We recruited 1 413 HIV-negative IDU attending drug rehabilitation centers and identified a further 1 830 potential participants from a historical database from 2004-2009 using the same criteria. Fingerprint recognition technology was used to confirm the identity of all participants. A total of 3 243 HIV-negative IDU were recruited by the end of 2015, of which 2 546 (78.5%) had been followed up at least once since the initial data collection and 697 (21...
November 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903356/-predictors-of-rush-popper-use-among-825-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-education-in-guangdong-province
#17
M Q Chen, W B Cheng, H F Xu, Y S Cai, L R Fan, F Zhong, X Chen, W Jin, X B Chen, J Y Li
Objective: To explore prevalence and predictors of the use of Rush poppers among men who have sex with men in education in Guangdong Province. Methods: An internet survey was conducted via a gay website from March to August 2014 and a sample of 833 male respondents over 16 years who had ever had anal sex with a male, studied in Guangdong Province and who had completed an online questionnaire was identified- of which 93.4% (n=825) provided valid responses and were included in the study. Respondents provided information on their socio-demographic characteristics, HIV testing history, sexual activity in last 3 months, Rush poppers use and time since first sexual encounter with a male...
November 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903355/-factors-associated-with-commercial-sexual-behavior-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-shenzhen-china-in-2011-2015
#18
Y M Cai, Y J Song, H Liu, F C Hong
Objective: To investigate the status and factors associated with commercial sexual behavior among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Shenzhen. Methods: A convenience sampling method was used to recruit MSM in Shenzhen from 2011 to 2015. Questionnaire-based interviews were conducted on a one-on-one basis. Data were collected, including socio-demographic information, HIV testing history, history of blood donation and drug abuse in the last 2 years, self-reported sexual orientation, role in homosexual behavior, and experience serving as a male sex worker and/or as a client of male sex workers...
November 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903351/-expanding-test-and-normalization-for-hiv-aids-prevention-and-control
#19
S Z Lin, H J Dong, J P Sun
Expanding real-name HIV test is the basis of the real-time reporting system in China, and it plays an important role for the progress. In year of 2003, there were 45 092 cases of HIV positives reported cumulatively, which accounted for only 5.4% of the estimated population of HIV positives. Since implementation of real-name HIV test and establishment, real-time reporting system, up to year 2005, the total of reported HIV positives was 577 000, which took up 67.9% of the estimated HIV positives. Also among reported cases, 387 000 cases have received the anti-retroviral treatment...
November 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900501/a-comparison-of-home-based-versus-outreach-event-based-community-hiv-testing-in-ugandan-fisherfolk-communities
#20
Laura M Bogart, Glenn J Wagner, William Musoke, Rose Naigino, Sebastian Linnemayr, Emily Maistrellis, David J Klein, Riana B Jumamil, Barbara Mukasa, Ingrid V Bassett, Thomas P Giordano, Rhoda K Wanyenze
We compared two community-based HIV testing models among fisherfolk in Lake Victoria, Uganda. From May to July 2015, 1364 fisherfolk residents of one island were offered (and 822 received) home-based testing, and 344 fisherfolk on another island were offered testing during eight community mobilization events (outreach event-based testing). Of 207 home-based testing clients identified as HIV-positive (15% of residents), 82 were newly diagnosed, of whom 31 (38%) linked to care within 3 months. Of 41 who screened positive during event-based testing (12% of those tested), 33 were newly diagnosed, of whom 24 (75%) linked to care within 3 months...
November 29, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
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