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diastolic disfunction

V T M Borges, S G Zanati, M T S Peraçoli, J R Poiati, M Romão-Veiga, J C Peraçoli, B Thilaganathan
OBJECTIVE: Pre-eclampsia (PE) is associated with maternal cardiac remodeling and diastolic dysfunction. The aim of this study was to assess and compare maternal left ventricular structure and diastolic function and levels of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in women with early-onset (< 34 weeks' gestation) vs those with late-onset (≥ 34 weeks' gestation) PE. METHODS: This was a prospective, cross-sectional, observational study of 30 women with early-onset PE, 32 with late-onset PE and 23 normotensive controls...
April 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Mehtap Evran, Gamze Akkuş, İlayda Berk Bozdoğan, Mustafa Gök, Ali Deniz, Murat Sert, Tamer Tetiker
BACKGROUND: Our purpose was to show the association of adrenal incidentaloma and metabolic syndrome in consideration of the studies and to detect the increase in the carotid intima-media thickness which is regarded as the precessor of atherosclerosis. MATERIAL/METHODS: Eighty-one patients who were diagnosed with adrenal mass were included in the study. Hormonal evaluation, insulin rezistance measurement with the HOMA-IR and 1-mg DST were performed of all patients...
March 26, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
P Pesce, L Cecchetto, S Brocco, M Bolognesi, K Sodhi, N G Abraham, D Sacerdoti
ABSTRACT: Cardiorenal syndrome type 1 (CRS-1) is the acute kidney disfunction caused by an acute worsening of cardiac function. CRS-1 is the consequence of renal vasoconstriction secondary to renin-angiotensin system (RAS) activation. No animal models of CRS-1 are described in literature. PURPOSE: To characterize a murine model of CRS-1 by using a high-resolution ultrasound echo-color Doppler system (VEVO2100). MATERIALS: Post-ischemic heart failure was induced by coronary artery ligation (LAD) in seven CD1 mice...
September 2015: Journal of Ultrasound
Abdullah Barış Akcan, Fırat Kardelen, Seyhan Erişir Oygucu, Abdullah Kocabaş, Deniz Ozel, Halide Akbaş, Nihal Oygür
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate if cardiac dysfunctions are important in assessing the outcome in newborns with Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD), by evaluating cardiac functions with N-terminal prohormone of brain natriüretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels, M-mode and tissue doppler echocardiography at 6-12 mo of age. METHODS: Twenty eight patients were retrospectively classified as mild, moderate and severe according to the diagnostic criterias for BPD. All cases were assessed with standard M-mode, tissue doppler echocardiography and NT-proBNP levels...
November 2013: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Bianca Popovici, O Brumaru
UNLABELLED: Essential hypertension is no longer un uncommon disease in children. This study try to determine if carotid intima thickness is increased in children with essential hypertension. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This subjects are compared with control group with normal blood pressure. The study group consists of 78 children with essential hypertension; there were excluded cases with secondary hypertension. These children had carotid intima media thickness, left ventricular mass index and body mass index performed...
January 2011: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
Jun-Qing Liang, Yi-Ling Wu, Hai-Bo Xu, Shao-Hua Zhao, Zhen-Hua Jia, Qiu-Yan Zhang, Cong Wei, Xiao-Wei Dong
AIM: To observe the effect of homocysteine (HCY) on the function of endothelium cell, and to discuss the possible mechanisms that Tongxinluo super powder affected. METHODS: Healthy male Wistar rats were divided into randomly the control group, the model group, the Tongxinluo group. The effect of Ach on isolated rat thoracic aorta in vitro was examined, the microcirculation was observed by microcirculation meter, the activity of SOD and GSH-PX and content of NO, MDA, ET, Ang II, TXA2, PGI2 was detected...
February 2008: Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology
Yuan-Ming Zhang, Sha-Sha Su, Ya-Ti Muhu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between metabolic syndrome and the chronic kidney disease in both Han and Uyguer populations. METHODS: 1027 cases were enrolled during 2006-3 to 2007-1 from the First Affiliated Hospital, Xinjiang University. According to the identification of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and minor renal dysfunction, these patients were divided into different groups. The correlation between the components of metabolic syndrome and CKD was examined...
May 2008: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
V Iu Maslovs'kyĭ, O M Kolesnyk
152 patients with ischemic heart disease aged from 46 to 60 years have been observed. Among these patients, 69 were with stable stenocardia, 32--with unstable stenocardia and 53--in stage related to acute heart attack. Normal geometry of the heart was found in 33% of patients with stable stenocardia, excentric hypertrophy was found in 30% of patients with stable stenocardia. Excentric hypertrophy prevailed in patients with unstable stenocardia and myocardial infarction. Systolic disfunction of the myocardium was found in 72% of patients with stable stenocardia, in 41% of patients with unstable stenocardia and in 43% of patients with myocardial infarction...
December 2006: Likars'ka Sprava
M Gur, R Yilmaz, R Demirbag, A Yildiz, M Menduh Bas, M Polat
The aim of this study was to investigate the association between elastic properties of aorta with left ventricle (LV) geometric patterns and LV diastolic functions in patients with newly diagnosed hypertension (HT). We studied 149 patients with newly diagnosed HT and 29 healthy control subjects. Echocardiographic examination was performed to all subjects. Ascending aorta (Ao) diameters (mm/m2) and Ao elastic indexes - namely, Ao strain [AS] (%), Ao distensibility [AD] (cm2 dyn(-1) x 10(-6)) were calculated...
November 2006: International Journal of Clinical Practice
M Salgueira, J A Milan, R Moreno Alba, J Amor, N Aresté, E Jiménez, A Palma
UNLABELLED: Heart failure (CHF) and diastolic dysfuction (DD) relationship has received poor attention in hemodialysis patients (HD). OBJECTIVE: To analyse the incidence of CHF in our HD patients, the relationship with DD and impact on mortality. METHODS: We studied 79 patients: 48 +/- 15 years old, mean time on HD 83 +/- 63 months. Vascular calcification (PVC) was evaluated by radiologic series (55.7%). We analyzed the presence of clinical and analytical cardiovascular factors...
2005: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
Fahir Baraković, Zumreta Kusljugić, Elnur Smajić, Marko Buksa, Mustafa Hadziomerović
Dysfunction of the left chamber of the heart happens when the function is not sufficient to supply all organs with needed quantity of blood, oxygen and nourishing materials. Consequence is an exhaustion of the heart compensatory and peripheral mechanisms. The research is based on the results of the analysis of residual changes that remained since acute myocardium infarct got over (scar, contracture changes, conductivity) and analysis of the remained functional part of the left chamber myocardium. Electrocardiogram, echocardiography and exercise test were used...
2004: Medicinski Arhiv
Alberto Palazzuoli, Arcangelo Carrera, Paolo Calabria, Luca Puccetti, Marcello Pastrorelli, Anna Laura Pasqui, Alberto Auteri, Fulvio Bruni
BACKGROUND: Carvedilol therapy during congestive heart failure demonstrated a good efficacy in mortality rate reduction and in improvement of left ventricular (LV) systolic performance. However, currently there is not any finding about the drug's effect on diastolic filling. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of beta-blocker treatment on LV diastolic function with an eco-pulsed Doppler ultrasound scanning examination at transmitral level in a group of patients who were affected by heart failure with a restrictive filling pattern...
January 2004: American Heart Journal
Regina Jonkaitiene, Vaida Mizariene
Sustained or chronic tachyarrhythmia can produce reversible changes of atria or/and ventricles that induce systolic or/and diastolic disfunction, dilatation of heart chambers and progressive symptoms of heart failure. The changes regress after restoration of sinus rhythm. This is the clinical case, when at the beginning of the treatment, primary dilated cardiomyopathy is diagnosed to the patient having chronic atrial fibrillation and later after restoration of sinus rhythm and subsequent reduction of heart chambers as well as improvement of systolic function, past changes was assessed as reversible arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy...
2003: Medicina
F Mitu, Magda Mitu
UNLABELLED: The prevalence of the coronary heart disease at females becomes close to that of the male gender at older ages. However, studies of the assessment of ischemic cardiac disfunction include a few women. The objective of the paper is the analysis of the clinical profile of women with ischemic heart disfunction. METHODS: There have been studied 189 patients with coronary heart disease (chronic myocardial infarction, stable angina, ischemic cardiomyopathy): 63 females and 126 males...
April 2002: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
F Mitu, M Mitu
UNLABELLED: Is is known that, besides the systolic disfunction, the presence of diastolic disfunction influences the prognosis of patients with coronary heart disease. The aim of the paper is to study the influence of the presence of diastolic disfunction upon the clinical profile and the functional capacity of the patients with coronary heart disease. METHODS: 189 patients with ischemic heart disease (chronic myocardial infarction, stable angina, ischemic cardiomiopathy) underwent an echocardiographic examination...
October 2001: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
J Du, S Gao, Y Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relations between absent and/or reverse end diastolic velocity of fetal umbilical artery (AEDV) and maternal and fetal pathological factors and perinatal outcome. METHODS: To analyze the clinical informations of 33 case, with AEDV by pulse doppler ultrasonic examination. RESULTS: (1) There are 9 cases (27.3%) complicated with different kinds of fetal morphologic abnormality, 6 cases of perinatal death. (2) In 6 cases (18...
October 1999: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
L Coelho, R Pires, M Costa, L Oliveira, A Antunes, M J Maldonado, R Martins, L A Providência
BACKGROUND: The role of diastolic disfunction in the setting of severe left ventricular (LV) disfunction is usually forgotten due to difficulties in quantification and interpretation. The propagation velocity (PV) of mitral inflow into the left ventricle has been proposed as a load independent indicator of LV diastolic function. Our aim was to correlate PV with age, body surface, chambers dimensions, wall thickness and with classic parameters of systolic and diastolic function. We had in mind the validation of this index in the quantification of LV filling and in risk stratification of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DC)...
January 2001: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
J C Rodrigues, H Figueiredo, J M Correia
We presented the case of a 78 year old woman who five years ago underwent myectomic surgery, and aortic valvular replacement, for obstructive cardiomyopathy and valvular aortic stenosis. After surgery, the aortic transvalvular gradient was insignificant (20 mm/Hg). In spite of this she suffers from frequent AF crises, (3 times a month), with a cardiac frequency of 140-150/min. She was in sinus bradycardia (40-45/min), which was a clear counter-indication for the use of antiarrhythmic drugs. Her ECG showed sinusal bradycardia with 45/min, a two-phase P-wave (positive-negative) in DII, DIII aVF, and bimodal P-wave in DI...
December 2000: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
R Fogari, A Zoppi, L Poletti, G Marasi, A Mugellini, L Corradi
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of antihypertensive treatment with valsartan or cavedilol on sexual activity in hypertensive men who were never treated for hypertension. A total of 160 newly diagnosed hypertensive men (diastolic blood pressure [DBP] > or = 95 mm Hg and < 110 mm Hg), aged 40 to 49 years, all married and without any previous sexual disfunction, were enrolled. After a 4-week placebo period, the patients were divided into two groups: a) 120 patients were randomized to receive carvedilol 50 mg once daily or valsartan 80 mg once daily for 16 weeks according to a double-blind, cross-over design; after another 4-week placebo period, patients were crossed over to the alternative regimen for a further 16 weeks; b) 40 patients were treated with placebo according to a single-blind design for 16 weeks...
January 2001: American Journal of Hypertension
E Tielens, T J Visser, G Hennemann, A Berghout
The clinical presentation of cardiac symptoms related to hypothyroidism is only rarely observed nowadays due to early diagnosis of hypothyroidism by easily available thyroid-stimulating hormone assays. A measurable abnormality of the left ventricle is the lengthened duration of contraction and relaxation, normalizing after restoration of euthyroidism. The ejection fraction and cardiac reserve are only slightly diminished in hypothyroidism. There is reversible diastolic disfunction. Pericardial effusion is a rare phenomenon...
April 8, 2000: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
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