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Young Suk Choi, Heui-Chul Gwak, Jae Keun Park, Ji Yun Lim, Eui Dong Yeo, Eunseok Park, Junyong Kim, Young Koo Lee
INTRODUCTION: Silver nanoparticle (AgNP)-containing dressings are used worldwide for the treatment of wounds; however, many studies have indicated that AgNPs are toxic to humans and cause cell death, primarily via apoptosis. OBJECTIVE: In this study, the investigators compare the apoptotic effects of various AgNP dressing materials, with the hypothesis that nanosilver would be less toxic than ionic silver. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For the in vivo experiments, Sprague-Dawley (SD) and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats were treated with 5 dressing materials: Aquacel Ag (product A, silver ion; ConvaTec, Berkshire, UK), Acticoat (product B, AgNP; Smith & Nephew, Fort Worth, TX), Medifoam Silver (product C, silver ion; Genewel Science Co Ltd, Seongnam, South Korea), PolyMem Silver (product D, AgNP; Ferris Mfg Corp, Fort Worth, TX), and Vaseline-impregnated dressing gauze (control; Unilever, London, UK)...
April 13, 2018: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Magnus D Potgieter, Parastu Meidany
BACKGROUND: The nanocrystalline silver (NCS) dressing Acticoat is commonly used in clinical practice for the treatment of burns and other open wounds as a topical antimicrobial. The dressing may dry resulting in traumatic dressing changes; hence the variety of contact layer dressings used in conjunction with it. Dressing combinations that do not permit NCS penetration are not cost effective and deprives the wound of the needed anti-microbial. METHODS: Common wound pathogens were subjected to a variety of contact layer dressings underlying the NCS dressings...
December 28, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Katie A Bourdillon, Craig P Delury, Breda M Cullen
This study investigated whether there are differences in the ability of wound dressings to modulate certain factors known to affect wound healing. A selection of antimicrobial dressings (AQUACEL® Ag Extra™ , AQUACEL® Ag+ Extra™ , IODOFLEX™ , ACTICOAT™ 7 and PROMOGRAN PRISMA™ matrix) were tested for their effect on both bacterial bioburden and human dermal fibroblasts. Some dressings underwent further evaluation for activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms using a colony-drip flow reactor model...
December 2017: International Wound Journal
E Gee Kee, K Stockton, R M Kimble, L Cuttle, S M McPhail
BACKGROUND: Partial thickness burns of up to 10% total body surface area (TBSA) in children are common injuries primarily treated in the outpatient setting using expensive silver-containing dressings. However, economic evaluations in the paediatric burns population are lacking to assist healthcare providers when choosing which dressing to use. The aim of this study was to conduct a cost-effectiveness analysis of three silver dressings for partial thickness burns ≤10% TBSA in children aged 0-15 years using days to full wound re-epithelialization as the health outcome...
June 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
M Hajská, J Dragúňová, J Koller
Topical antimicrobial therapy represents an essential part of burn wound care. In order to prevent and treat burn wound infection dressings with antimicrobial properties are applied directly on the wound surface. Not only the infection control but also promotion of healing is very important in burn wound management. It is well known, that a dressing in bactericidal concentration might also delay wound healing. This study was aimed to evaluate the potential toxic effect of topical antimicrobial agents on murine and human dermal cells...
June 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
Pippa Kenworthy, Tiffany L Grisbrook, Michael Phillips, William Gibson, Fiona M Wood, Dale W Edgar
Bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) is a method used to assess body composition and fluid distribution. As a technology for measurement of fluid shifts during acute burn resuscitation, there are potential barriers to its use due to the location of wounds. This study aimed to determine whether alternate electrode positions were a suitable alternative compared to standardized (manufacturer) positions in moderate to large size burns for the measurement of BIS resistance and fluid changes. BIS measurements were collected in standard and alternate electrode placements and in an open wound and Acticoat™ dressing condition...
November 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Tiffany L Grisbrook, Pippa Kenworthy, Michael Phillips, Fiona M Wood, Dale W Edgar
Bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) is a tool utilized in health care to investigate body composition and fluid distribution. Limited research has addressed the clinical use of BIS in burns. This study aimed to examine the effects of silver dressings on BIS measurements in burns patients. BIS measurements were collected during two dressing conditions: no dressing (ND), and; Acticoat™ dressing (AD). Wilcoxon sign-ranks tests determined if there were any significant differences in BIS measures between the dressing conditions...
November 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Joshua Ravensdale, Fiona Wood, Francis O'Brien, Keith Gregg
Multiple studies have shown that the antibacterial dressing Acticoat can inhibit growth of bacteria but is unable to completely clear a wound of infection, which could leave patients vulnerable to sepsis. Agar inoculated with four different Staphylococcus aureus strains and overlain with Acticoat showed growth inhibition beneath and within a 1 mm perimeter of the dressing after 24 h. When lifted from inoculated agar and briefly blotted onto fresh agar plates, Acticoat transferred viable bacteria. Scanning electron microscopy of the surface of Acticoat that overlaid meticillin-resistant S...
May 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
Carol A Hartmann, Heinz Rode, Beverley Kramer
Acticoat™ has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects which aid wound healing. However, in vitro studies indicate that Acticoat™ is cytotoxic and clinical and in vivo studies suggest that it may delay healing in acute wounds. Therefore, this study investigated the effects of Acticoat™ on healing in acute full-thickness excisional wounds. Using a porcine model, healing was assessed on days 3, 6, 9 and 15 post-wounding. Five wounds dressed with Acticoat™ and five wounds dressed with polyurethane film (control) were assessed per day (n = 40 wounds)...
December 2016: International Wound Journal
D Zweiker, S Horn, A Hoell, S Seitz, D Walter, M Trop
A 17-year-old male with burns to 8% of his total body surface area was treated for 10 days with Acticoat(®), a nanocrystalline silver dressing. The burns, which were on his back and shoulder, healed without infection. However, a skin discoloration in the wound area and the adjacent uninjured skin appeared in the first days of treatment. The staining remained visible even after the treatment had ended and disappeared approximately three years later. Despite the outstanding antimicrobial properties, possible side effects of silver nanocrystalline dressings should be kept in mind...
December 31, 2014: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
Neil H Riordan, Ben A George, Troy B Chandler, Randall W McKenna
INTRODUCTION: Non-healing wounds can pose a medical challenge as in the case of vasculopathic venostasis resulting in a surgical ulcer. When traditional approaches to wound care fail, an amniotic patch (a dehydrated tissue allograft derived from human amnion) can function as a biologic scaffold to facilitate and enhance tissue regeneration and rehabilitation. BACKGROUND: Amniotic AlphaPatches contain concentrated molecules of PGE2, WNT4, and GDF-11 which have angiogenic, trophic, and anti-inflammatory effects on tissues that may be useful in enhancing wound healing...
2015: Journal of Translational Medicine
Fenella D Halstead, Maryam Rauf, Amy Bamford, Christopher M Wearn, Jonathan R B Bishop, Rebecca Burt, Adam P Fraise, Naiem S Moiemen, Beryl A Oppenheim, Mark A Webber
UNLABELLED: Antimicrobial medicated dressings (AMD) are often used to reduce bacterial infection of burns and other wounds. However, there is limited literature regarding comparative efficacies to inform effective clinical decision making. OBJECTIVES: Following on from a previous study where we demonstrated good antibiofilm properties of acetic acid (AA), we assessed and compared the in vitro anti-biofilm activity of a range of AMDs and non-AMDs to AA. METHODS: Laboratory experiments determined the ability of a range of eleven commercial AMD, two nAMD, and AA, to prevent the formation of biofilms of a panel of four isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii...
December 2015: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Matthew Brown, Stuart R Dalziel, Eleanor Herd, Kathryn Johnson, Richard Wong She, Michael Shepherd
Silver-impregnated dressings are increasingly preferred over silver sulfadiazine cream in the management of pediatric burns. An ideal burns dressing would provide a moist, sterile environment, discourage infection, and not require painful dressing changes. This study sought to determine whether silver sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (Aquacel Ag, ConvaTec, Greensboro, NC) dressing is a superior treatment to nanocrystalline silver-coated polyethylene (Acticoat, Smith & Nephew, London, United Kingdom) dressing in pediatric patients with partial thickness burns...
July 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Yu-Hsin Lin, Wei-Shan Hsu, Wan-Yu Chung, Tse-Hao Ko, Jui-Hsiang Lin
Various types of wound dressings have been designed for different purposes and functions. Controlling bacterial burden in a wound during the early phase is important for successful wound repair. Once bacterial burden is under control, the active promotion of wound healing is another important factor for efficient wound healing. This study investigated the potential of three silver-containing dressings, namely KoCarbonAg(®) , Aquacel(®) Ag and Acticoat 7, in reducing bacterial survival and promoting wound healing...
August 2016: International Wound Journal
Eui Dong Yeo, Su Ah Yoon, Seong Rok Oh, Young Suk Choi, Young Koo Lee
UNLABELLED: Silver-containing dressings are commonly used on healing wounds, including diabetic ulcers. Some studies have shown that dressing materials with silver have negative effects on wound healing, specifically, that the wound healing process is inhibited by deposited silver. Therefore, the authors treated wounds infected with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats with silver dressings to evaluate the risks of silver...
April 2015: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Nathan Hamnett, Amrita Chandra, Eleni Chamaidi, Azzam Farroha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
E L Gee Kee, R M Kimble, L Cuttle, A Khan, K A Stockton
BACKGROUND: This study compared the effects of three silver dressing combinations on small to medium size acute partial thickness burns in children, focusing on re-epithelialization time, pain and distress during dressing changes. METHOD: Children (0-15 years) with clean, ≤ 10% total body surface area (TBSA) partial thickness burns who met the inclusion criteria were included in the study. Children received either (1) Acticoat™; (2) Acticoat™ with Mepitel™; or (3) Mepilex Ag™ dressings...
August 2015: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Lim Jeong, Min Hee Kim, Ju-Young Jung, Byung Moo Min, Won Ho Park
BACKGROUND: One of the promising applications of silk fibroin (SF) in biomedical engineering is its use as a scaffolding material for skin regeneration. The purpose of this study was to determine the wound healing effect of SF nanofibrous matrices containing silver sulfadiazine (SSD) wound dressings. METHODS: An SF nanofibrous matrix containing SSD was prepared by electrospinning. The cell attachment and spreading of normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEK) and normal human epidermal fibroblasts (NHEF) to SF nanofibers containing three different concentrations of SSD contents (0...
2014: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Benjawan Boonkaew, Philip M Barber, Sirirat Rengpipat, Pitt Supaphol, Margit Kempf, Jibao He, Vijay T John, Leila Cuttle
Patients with burn wounds are susceptible to wound infection and sepsis. This research introduces a novel burn wound dressing that contains silver nanoparticles (SNPs) to treat infection in a 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid sodium salt (AMPS-Na(+) ) hydrogel. Silver nitrate was dissolved in AMPS-Na(+) solution and then exposed to gamma irradiation to form SNP-infused hydrogels. The gamma irradiation results in a cross-linked polymeric network of sterile hydrogel dressing and a reduction of silver ions to form SNPs infused in the hydrogel in a one-step process...
October 2014: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Hugo C Guthrie, Kevin R Martin, Christopher Taylor, Abigail M Spear, Rachel Whiting, Sara Macildowie, Jonathan C Clasper, Sarah A Watts
Prevention of extremity war wound infection remains a clinical challenge. Staphylococcus aureus is the most common pathogen in delayed infection. We hypothesised that choice of wound dressings may affect bacterial burden over 7 days reflecting the current practice of delayed primary closure of wounds within this timeframe. A randomised controlled trial of 3 commercially available dressings (Inadine(®) (Johnson & Johnson, NJ, USA), Acticoat(®) (Smith & Nephew, Hull, UK), Activon Tulle (Advancis Medical, Nottingham, UK)) was conducted in a rabbit model of contaminated forelimb muscle injury...
August 2014: Injury
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