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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163709/the-anti-hepatocellular-carcinoma-activity-of-mel-p15-is-mediated-by-natural-killer-cells
#1
Tao Xu, Tongxing Cui, Lipan Peng, Shuai Kong, Jianqiang Zou, Xingsong Tian
Mel-P15 is a peptide derived from melittin, the main toxic component in the venom of the European honeybee Apis mellifera. In the present study, the antitumor effects of Mel-P15 and the underlying molecular mechanisms of these effects in vivo were investigated. Mel-P15 directly stimulated natural killer (NK) cell cytotoxicity in vitro, which was increased to 55.45% at a 4 µg/ml dose of Mel-P15. In the mouse liver cancer (H22) xenograft mice model, Mel-P15 suppressed tumor growth in vivo; the tumor inhibitory rate was 61...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138064/bicontinuous-microemulsions-as-a-biomembrane-mimetic-system-for-melittin
#2
Douglas G Hayes, Ran Ye, Rachel N Dunlap, Divina B Anunciado, Sai Venkatesh Pingali, Hugh M O'Neill, Volker S Urban
Antimicrobial peptides effectively kill antibiotic-resistant bacteria by forming pores in prokaryotes' biomembranes via penetration into the biomembranes' interior. Bicontinuous microemulsions, consisting of interdispersed oil and water nanodomains separated by flexible surfactant monolayers, are potentially valuable for hosting membrane-associated peptides and proteins due to their thermodynamic stability, optical transparency, low viscosity, and high interfacial area. Here, we show that bicontinuous microemulsions formed by negatively-charged surfactants are a robust biomembrane mimetic system for the antimicrobial peptide melittin...
November 11, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130302/a-cell-mimicking-structure-converting-analog-volume-changes-to-digital-colorimetric-output-with-molecular-selectivity
#3
Zijie Zhang, Yibo Liu, Xiaohan Zhang, Juewen Liu
We herein report a three-component cell-mimicking structure with a peroxidase-like iron oxide nanozyme as the nucleus, a molecularly imprinted hydrogel shell as cytoplasm, and a lipid bilayer membrane. The structure was characterized by cryo and negative stain TEM and also by a calcein leakage test. By introducing charged monomers, the gel shell can swell or shrink in response to salt concentration. By lowering the salt concentration, the gradual 'analog' gel volume change was reflected in a switch-like 'digital' colorimetric output by the burst of membrane and oxidation of substrates such as 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB)...
November 13, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110341/hemin-and-bile-pigments-are-the-secondary-structure-regulators-of-intrinsically-disordered-antimicrobial-peptides
#4
Ferenc Zsila, Tünde Juhász, Szilvia Bősze, Kata Horváti, Tamás Beke-Somfai
The interaction of protoporphyrin compounds of human origin with the major bee venom component melittin (26 a.a., Z +6) and its hybrid derivative (CM15, 15 a.a., Z +6) were studied by a combination of various spectroscopic methods. Throughout a two-state, concentration-dependent process, hemin and its metabolites (biliverdin, bilirubin, bilirubin ditaurate) increase the parallel β-sheet content of the natively unfolded melittin, suggesting the oligomerization of the peptide chains. In contrast, α-helix promoting effect was observed with the also disordered but more cationic CM15...
November 7, 2017: Chirality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076987/the-effects-of-melittin-and-apamin-on-airborne-fungi-induced-chemical-mediator-and-extracellular-matrix-production-from-nasal-polyp-fibroblasts
#5
Seung-Heon Shin, Mi-Kyung Ye, Sung-Yong Choi, Kwan-Kyu Park
Melittin and apamin are the main components of bee venom and they have been known to have anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of melittin and apamin on airborne fungi-induced chemical mediator and extracellular matrix (ECM) production in nasal fibroblasts. Primary nasal fibroblasts were isolated from nasal polyps, which were collected during endoscopic sinus surgery. Nasal fibroblasts were treated with Alternaria and Aspergillus. The effects of melittin and apamin on the production of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 were determined with enzyme linked immunosorbent assay...
October 27, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068097/antimicrobial-peptide-structure-from-model-membranes-to-live-cells
#6
Marc-Antoine Sani, Frances Separovic
The rise in antibiotic resistance has led to a renewed interest in antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) that target membranes. The mode of action of AMPs involves the disruption of the lipid bilayer and leads to growth inhibition and death of the bacteria. However, details at the molecular level of how these peptides kill bacteria and the reasons for the observed differences in selectivity remain unclear. Structural information is crucial for defining the molecular mechanism by which these peptides recognize, self-assemble and interact with a particular lipid membrane...
October 25, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035531/molecular-simulations-of-melittin-induced-membrane-pores
#7
Delin Sun, Jan Forsman, Clifford E Woodward
Membrane-active peptides (MAPs) are able to induce pores in cell membranes via molecular mechanisms, which are still subject to ongoing research. In this work, we present molecular dynamics simulations that suggest a precursor membrane defect plays an important role in the pore-inducing activity of the prototypical antimicrobial peptide melittin. The simulations reveal that the hydrophobic N-terminus of melittin is able to recognize and insert into the membrane defect in the lipid bilayer and that this leads to a cascading transfer of adsorbed peptides to the membrane defect, leading to peptide aggregation in the pore...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943153/melittin-and-its-potential-in-the-destruction-and-inhibition-of-the-biofilm-formation-by-staphylococcus-aureus-escherichia-coli-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-isolated-from-bovine-milk
#8
Tony Picoli, Cristina Mendes Peter, João Luíz Zani, Stefanie Bressan Waller, Matheus Gomes Lopes, Kamilla Neutzling Boesche, Gilberto D Ávila Vargas, Silvia de Oliveira Hübner, Geferson Fischer
Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa stand out in veterinary and human medicine for their role in opportunistic infections and their pathogenic mechanisms, including the biofilms formation. It was investigated the antibacterial activity of melittin and antibiofilm of such bacteria. Twelve strains of these microorganisms isolated from bovine milk were used, as well as the strains S. aureus ATCC 12600, E. coli ATCC 8739 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 15442. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) were determined by broth microdilution technique...
September 21, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931578/lipid-topology-and-electrostatic-interactions-underpin-lytic-activity-of-linear-cationic-antimicrobial-peptides-in-membranes
#9
David J Paterson, Manlio Tassieri, Julien Reboud, Rab Wilson, Jonathan M Cooper
Linear cationic antimicrobial peptides are a diverse class of molecules that interact with a wide range of cell membranes. Many of these peptides disrupt cell integrity by forming membrane-spanning pores that ultimately lead to their death. Despite these peptides high potency and ability to evade acquired bacterial drug resistance, there is a lack of knowledge on their selectivity and activity mechanisms. Such an understanding would provide an informative framework for rational design and could lead to potential antimicrobial therapeutic targets...
October 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903394/melittin-suppresses-tumor-progression-by-regulating-tumor-associated-macrophages-in-a-lewis-lung-carcinoma-mouse-model
#10
Chanju Lee, Sung-Joo S Bae, Hwansoo Joo, Hyunsu Bae
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) are a major component of tumor stroma. It has been reported that TAMs have M2-like phenotype and facilitate tumor progression by promoting angiogenesis and immunosuppression. Melittin, a major polypeptide of bee venom, has been widely studied as an anti-cancer drug due to its cytotoxicity to malignant cells. However, very little is known regarding the effect of melittin on immune cells in the tumor microenvironment. This study focuses on the effect of melittin on TAMs in a Lewis lung carcinoma mouse model...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894233/a-ph-dependent-antibacterial-peptide-release-nano-system-blocks-tumor-growth-in-vivo-without-toxicity
#11
Jing Cao, Yan Zhang, Yanke Shan, Jingui Wang, Fei Liu, Hongrui Liu, Gang Xing, Jing Lei, Jiyong Zhou
In this study, we designed a nano-system where a novel antibacterial peptide RGD-hylin a1 with reduced hemolysis than the commonly studied melittin was loaded onto mesoporous silica (HMS). We found out that the designed nano-system, RGD-hylin a1-HMS, released RGD-hylin a1 in a pH-dependent manner. It caused apoptosis of cancer cells at low dosage of the antibacterial peptide at pH = 5.5, but was safe to the cells at pH = 7. The hemolytic activity of RGD-hylin a1 itself was reduced by 50~100% by the nano-system depending on the dosage...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893272/killed-whole-hiv-vaccine-employing-a-well-established-strategy-for-antiviral-vaccines
#12
REVIEW
C Yong Kang, Yong Gao
The development of an efficient prophylactic HIV vaccine has been one of the major challenges in infectious disease research during the last three decades. Here, we present a mini review on strategies employed for the development of HIV vaccines with an emphasis on a well-established vaccine technology, the killed whole-virus vaccine approach. Recently, we reported an evaluation of the safety and the immunogenicity of a genetically modified and killed whole-HIV-1 vaccine designated as SAV001 [1]. HIV-1 Clade B NL4-3 was genetically modified by deleting the nef and vpu genes and substituting the coding sequence of the Env signal peptide with that of honeybee melittin to produce an avirulent and replication efficient HIV-1...
September 12, 2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864859/expression-and-purification-of-classical-swine-fever-virus-e2-protein-from-sf9-cells-using-a-modified-vector
#13
Ling Yang, Xingmeng Lu, Weihuan Fang
OBJECTIVE: To develop a simple method for efficient expression of classical swine fever virus (CSFV) E2 protein. RESULTS: The pFastBac HT B vector (pFastHTB-M1) was modified by adding a melittin signal peptide sequence. The E2 gene fragment without the transmembrane region was cloned into pFastHTB-M1. The modified vector has clear advantage over the original one, as evidenced by the purified recombinant E2 protein that was detected significantly by SDS-PAGE. CONCLUSIONS: The modified vector has the potential for large-scale production and easy purification of the CSFV E2 protein or other proteins of interests...
September 1, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839153/melittin-induced-alterations-in-morphology-and-deformability-of-human-red-blood-cells-using-quantitative-phase-imaging-techniques
#14
Joonseok Hur, Kyoohyun Kim, SangYun Lee, HyunJoo Park, YongKeun Park
Here, the actions of melittin, the active molecule of apitoxin or bee venom, were investigated on human red blood cells (RBCs) using quantitative phase imaging techniques. High-resolution real-time 3-D refractive index (RI) measurements and dynamic 2-D phase images of individual melittin-bound RBCs enabled in-depth examination of melittin-induced biophysical alterations of the cells. From the measurements, morphological, intracellular, and mechanical alterations of the RBCs were analyzed quantitatively. Furthermore, leakage of haemoglobin (Hb) inside the RBCs at high melittin concentration was also investigated...
August 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829104/time-lapse-afm-on-vesicle-formation-from-mixed-lipid-bilayers-induced-by-the-membrane-active-peptide-melittin
#15
M A Bodescu, F Rosenkötter, J Fritz
Melittin is a model system for the action of antimicrobial peptides which are potential candidates for novel antibiotics. We investigated the membrane lysis effect of melittin on phase-separated supported lipid bilayers (DOPC-DPPC) by atomic force microscopy. AFM images show that the peptide first forms defects at the interface between the two lipid phases and then degrades preferentially the liquid-phase DOPC-enriched domains. Vesicular structures of 10-20 nm radius were observed to form, suggesting a mixed carpet-toroidal model mechanism for the resolved action of melittin...
October 4, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813781/bee-venom-decreases-lps-induced-inflammatory-responses-in-bovine-mammary-epithelial-cells
#16
Chang Hee Jeong, Wei Nee Cheng, Hyojin Bae, Kyung Woo Lee, Sang Mi Han, Michael C Petriello, Hong Gu Lee, Han Geuk Seo, Sung Gu Han
The world dairy industry has long been challenged by bovine mastitis, an inflammatory disease, which causes economic loss due to decreased milk production and quality. Attempts have been made to prevent or treat this disease with multiple approaches, primarily through increased abuse of antibiotics, but effective natural solutions remain elusive. Bee venom (BV) contains a variety of peptides (e.g., melittin) and shows multiple bioactivities, including prevention of inflammation. Thus, in the current study, it was hypothesized that BV can reduce inflammation in bovine mammary epithelial cells (MAC-T)...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796264/lytic-cell-death-induced-by-melittin-bypasses-pyroptosis-but-induces-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-and-il-1%C3%AE-release
#17
Fátima Martín-Sánchez, Juan José Martínez-García, María Muñoz-García, Miriam Martínez-Villanueva, José A Noguera-Velasco, David Andreu, Luís Rivas, Pablo Pelegrín
The nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich repeat-containing receptor with a pyrin domain 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is a sensor for different types of infections and alterations of homeostatic parameters, including abnormally high levels of the extracellular nucleotide ATP or crystallization of different metabolites. All NLRP3 activators trigger a similar intracellular pathway, where a decrease in intracellular K(+) concentration and permeabilization of plasma membrane are key steps. Cationic amphipathic antimicrobial peptides and peptide toxins permeabilize the plasma membrane...
August 10, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741464/expression-of-mastoparan-b-a-venom-peptide-via-escherichia-coli-c43-de3-coupled-with-an-artificial-oil-body-cyanogen-bromide-technology-platform
#18
Tzyy-Rong Jinn, Sheng-Kuo Hsieh, Yu-Jen Yu, Nou-Ying Tang, Jhao-Ren Lin
Here, we successfully use the oleosin-based fusion expression strategy coupled with the artificial oil body (AOB)-cyanogen bromide (CNBr) platform to produce bioactive MPB peptide which, in a manner identical to that of its native counterpart. In this study, the MPB peptide was interlinked with recombinant oleosin (rOle(127M→L)) by a methionine residue, a CNBr cleavage site. The recombinant rOle(127M→L)-MPB fusion gene was cloned into the pET30a(+) vector and was expressed in E. coli (DE3) after IPTG induction under optimized conditions...
July 24, 2017: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739022/component-resolved-diagnosis-in-hymenoptera-allergy
#19
REVIEW
D Antolín-Amérigo, B Ruiz-León, E Boni, T Alfaya-Arias, M Álvarez-Mon, J Barbarroja-Escudero, D González-de-Olano, C Moreno-Aguilar, M Rodríguez-Rodríguez, M J Sánchez-González, L Sánchez-Morillas, A Vega-Castro
Component-resolved diagnosis based on the use of well-defined, properly characterised and purified natural and recombinant allergens constitutes a new approach in the diagnosis of venom allergy. Prospective readers may benefit from an up-to-date review on the allergens. The best characterised venom is that of Apis mellifera, whose main allergens are phospholipase A2 (Api m1), hyaluronidase (Api m2) and melittin (Api m4). Additionally, in recent years, new allergens of Vespula vulgaris have been identified and include phospholipase A1 (Ves v1), hyaluronidase (Ves v2) and antigen 5 (Ves v5)...
July 21, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736788/characterisation-of-anticancer-peptides-at-the-single-cell-level
#20
L Armbrecht, G Gabernet, F Kurth, J A Hiss, G Schneider, P S Dittrich
The development of efficacious anticancer therapeutics is difficult due to the heterogeneity of the cellular response to chemotherapy. Anticancer peptides (ACPs) are promising drug candidates that have been shown to be active against a range of cancer cells. However, few ACP studies focus on tumour single-cell heterogeneities. In order to address this need, we developed a microfluidic device and an imaging procedure that enable the capture, monitoring, and analysis of several hundred single cells for the study of drug response...
July 24, 2017: Lab on a Chip
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